SSUSH7 C, D, E & SSUSH8 C Jacksonian Democracy and a Changing America

Save this PDF as:
Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "SSUSH7 C, D, E & SSUSH8 C Jacksonian Democracy and a Changing America"

Transcription

1 SSUSH7 C, D, E & SSUSH8 C Jacksonian Democracy and a Changing America

2 Jacksonian Democracy The New President Many American s admired Andrew Jackson as the People s President. Most remembered him as the tough frontiersman known as Old Hickory. Others still thought of him as a Military Hero for his victories at the Battle of New Orleans (1814) and his Capture of Spanish Florida (1818). He returned the people s admiration for him by utilizing the Spoils System (granting government jobs to loyal supporters). He also supported a change in the nomination of presidential candidates from the Caucus System to the new National Nominating Conventions. (Party Selection) (Selection by the People)

3 Jacksonian Democracy Jacksonian Crisis The Tariff of 1828 increased Sectionalism in the U.S. Southerners called it the Tariff of Abominations because it had few industries. Many South Carolinians threatened to Secede from the Union. Vice-President John C. Calhoun of South Carolina suggested the idea of Nullification to solve to dispute.

4 Jacksonian Democracy Jacksonian Crisis Nullification was an idea that states had the right to declare any Federal Law null and void (or not valid). The issue continued with the Webster-Hayne debate of The debate focused between Defending the Union and the issue of States Rights. President Jackson echoed northern sentiments in 1832 by stating Our Federal Union It Must be Preserved.

5 Jacksonian Democracy Jacksonian Crisis The war of words erupted into a full confrontation when Congress passed the Tariff of Immediately, a special state convention in South Carolina adopted an Ordinance of Nullification declaring the tariffs unconstitutional. President Jackson considered the nullification to be an act of treason by South Carolina. In 1833, Congress passed the Force Bill authorizing the president to use the military to enforce the law.

6 Jacksonian Democracy Policies Toward Native Americans The President intended to move all Native American s to the Great Plains. Many Americans believed the Great Plains was an un-useable wasteland. Many Westerners believed the move would end the nation s Indian conflicts. In 1830: Congress passed the Indian Removal Act that targeted the Five Civilized Tribes: Cherokee (Georgia & Alabama) Chickasaw (Mississippi) Choctaw (Mississippi & Alabama) Creek (Georgia & Alabama) Seminole (Florida)

7 Jacksonian Democracy Policies Toward Native Americans Most Native Americans resettled except for the Cherokee of Georgia who hired lawyers to fight the Federal Government. In 1832: The Supreme Court ordered state officials to honor Cherokee property rights in Georgia. However, in 1835 the Cherokee signed the Treaty of New Echota ceding all their land in Georgia to the U.S. By 1838, the forced relocation of the Cherokee resulted in over 4000 dead along the well known Trail of Tears.

8 Jacksonian Democracy Jackson and the National Bank The President and most Westerners considered the Second National Bank as a Wealthy Class Monopoly. In 1832, when Congress tried to extend the bank s charter for 20 years, the President Vetoed the bill. In 1833, after being re-elected, the President withdrew all government deposits from the National Bank and deposited them in State Banks. Although this put an end to the Bank of the United States, it left the country in danger of inflation and other financial woes for years to come.

9 Rivalries Over the Presidency By the mid-1830 s: The Whig Party rose in America to oppose President Jackson s forceful style of leadership. The Whigs believed in: Larger Federal Government Industrial & Commerical Development Strong Centralized Economy However, because the Whigs couldn t decide on a candidate, Martin Van Buren (a Democrat) was elected president in 1836.

10 Rivalries Over the Presidency President Martin Van Buren had to immediately deal with a crippling economic crisis in the United States known as the Panic of Because he believed in limited federal government, he did little to stop the nation s banks and businesses from failing The Whigs saw an opportunity to nominate a hero of the War of 1812 as their candidate for President: William Henry Harrison However, when Harrison died of pneumonia (32 days after taking office), Vice-President John Tyler became the 10 th President of the U.S.

11 America s Changing Culture Between the U.S. experienced a massive influx of immigrants Immigrants came to America for several different reasons: Violence & Political Turmoil at home. Escape Starvation and Poverty. Opportunity for a Fresh Start in life. Availability of Land and Jobs. New found sense of Freedom & Liberty. The largest wave of immigrants came from Ireland (almost 2 Million) The second largest group of immigrants came from Germany (1.5 Million).

12 America s Changing Culture Unfortunately, some immigrants encountered Discrimination in America American hostilities toward foreigners became known as Nativism. Many American s who were anti-catholic discriminated against the Irish. Several secret Nativist Groups formed on the pledge never to allow Catholics or Immigrants to obtain political office. Since membership was secret, and they were obligated to say nothing if questioned, the new American Party became known as the Know-Nothings.

13 America s Changing Culture The Second Great Awakening was a religious movement that began around 1790, gained momentum in the early 1800 s, and rose rapidly after It began in Kentucky among the frontier farmers and spread quickly to the rest of the nation The new religious revival was based on several key beliefs: Rejection of Calvinist views that only a few were chosen Readmit God and Christ into your daily lives Purify Society in preparation for the second coming of Christ

14 America s Changing Culture Several Religious Denomination grew rapidly as various Missionaries and Circuit Riders held Revivalist styled Camp Meetings. The greatest number of new converts were female and young people under the age of 25. The most well known new religious denomination to form during this period was the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It was founded in the 1820 s by Joseph Smith. Known more commonly as Mormons, they would eventually migrate to Utah with Brigham Young.

15 America s Changing Culture Optimism created by the Second Great Awakening also influenced some of America s greatest Poets and Authors: Washington Irving (1819) James Fenimore Cooper (1826) Edgar Allen Poe (1842) Nathaniel Hawthorn (1850) Herman Melville (1851) Many of these writers adopted two key tenets of the period: The power of one s feelings over reasoning, known as Romanticism. Man s ability to overcome all odds, known as Transcendentalism.

16 America s Changing Culture The Second Great Awakening also inspired many new Reform Movements that became responsible for establishing many Benevolent Societies. In 1826: Presbyterian Minister Lyman Beecher helped establish the American Temperance Society. The society initially advocated the voluntary abstinence of all alcoholic beverages and later promoted prohibition : Activist Dorthea Dix worked tirelessly to effect changes in both Prisons and Insane Asylums. Her efforts helped pave the way for new Hospitals for the insane and Rehabilitation programs in prisons.

17 America s Changing Culture Many reformers also believed that the United States could only survive if the nation was made up of well educated and informed citizens. 1837: Massachusetts Senator Horace Mann pressed for public education by promoting a bill that created the first State Board of Education : He spent 12 years improving teacher salaries, building 50 high schools, and Normal Schools for teachers. 1814: Emma Willard founded a girl s boarding school in Vermont. 1837: Mary Lyon opened the first Female Seminary in Massachusetts.

18 America s Changing Culture The influences of the Second Great Awakening also effected American s ideas of the traditional family and the role of women in raising children. Many felt the women was the family s moral compass. 1841: Catharine Beecher (daughter of Lyman Beecher) wrote A Treaties on Domestic Economy that gave women instruction on childcare, cooking, and health issues. However, some women argued that they also had a responsibility to be politically involved in the greater moral crusades of society. 1845: Margaret Fuller wrote Women in the Nineteenth Century that is considered the first Feminist book to promote women s rights in America.

19 America s Changing Culture 1848: Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton were Women s Rights Activists who organized the first women s movement July 1848: Seneca Falls Convention First Women s Right s Convention in the World. First Presentation of the Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions on Women s Rights in the United States. First mention of Women s Voting Rights

Jacksonian Jeopardy. Political Rivals. Native Americans. Economic Issues. Rights. Early years. States Rights 100. Economic Issues100

Jacksonian Jeopardy. Political Rivals. Native Americans. Economic Issues. Rights. Early years. States Rights 100. Economic Issues100 Jacksonian Jeopardy Early years States Rights Economic Issues Native Americans Political Rivals Pot Luck Early years 100 States Rights 100 Economic Issues100 Native Americans 100 Political Rivals 100 Pot

More information

VUS. 6d-e: Age of Jackson

VUS. 6d-e: Age of Jackson Name: Date: Period: VUS 6d-e: Age of Jackson Notes VUS 6d-e: Age of Jackson 1 Objectives about VUS6d-e: Age of Jackson The Age of Andrew Jackson Main Idea: Andrew Jackson s policies reflected an interest

More information

AP U.S. History Chapter 13 The Rise of Mass Democracy Reading Notes. Election of Candidates: - Issues: - Results: John Quincy Adams Presidency

AP U.S. History Chapter 13 The Rise of Mass Democracy Reading Notes. Election of Candidates: - Issues: - Results: John Quincy Adams Presidency Chapter 13 The Rise of Mass Democracy Election of 1824 - Candidates: - Issues: - Results: John Quincy Adams Presidency Election of 1828: - Candidates: - Issues: 1 Chapter 13 The Rise of Mass Democracy

More information

Unit 5: Age of Jackson,

Unit 5: Age of Jackson, Unit 5: Age of Jackson, 1828-1848 Democracy and the Common Man Alexis de Tocqueville (French writer and visitor to the US) and others from Europe were amazed by the informal manners, democratic attitudes,

More information

Chapter 12 Democracy in the Age of Jackson ( ) (American Nation Textbook Pages )

Chapter 12 Democracy in the Age of Jackson ( ) (American Nation Textbook Pages ) Chapter 12 Democracy in the Age of Jackson (1824-1840) (American Nation Textbook Pages 358-375) 1 1. A New Era in Politics The spirit of Democracy, which was changing the political system, affected American

More information

Chapter 14 ANDREW JACKSON: PRESIDENT

Chapter 14 ANDREW JACKSON: PRESIDENT Chapter 14 ANDREW JACKSON: PRESIDENT The presidential campaign of 1828 = One of the dirtiest in U.S. history Two candidates John Quincy Adams, running for reelection Andrew Jackson, popular hero of the

More information

Jacksonian Era: The Age of the Common Man

Jacksonian Era: The Age of the Common Man Jacksonian Era: 1824-1840 The Age of the Common Man A Time of Great Change The age of Jackson was marked by an increase in political participation, an increase in the power of the president and a distrust

More information

Jacksonian Democracy

Jacksonian Democracy Jacksonian Democracy Chapter 10 Sec1: Jacksonian Democracy Expansion of Democracy Broadening of suffrage Nominating conventions Election of 1828 Formation of Democratic Party Jackson & Calhoun elected

More information

American History Unit 10: Age of Jacksonian Politics

American History Unit 10: Age of Jacksonian Politics American History Unit 10: Age of Jacksonian Politics The Age of Jackson I. Andrew Jackson, known as "Old Hickory" A. Hero of the War of 1812 (Battle of New Orleans) B. Famous Indian fighter (The Seminoles

More information

Andrew Jackson s Presidency THE JACKSONIAN ERA

Andrew Jackson s Presidency THE JACKSONIAN ERA Andrew Jackson s Presidency THE JACKSONIAN ERA 7th President Known as The Common Man s President Old Hickory King Andrew Hero of the Battle of New Orleans Did NOT like Native Americans Era of the Common

More information

Practice & Review 1/20

Practice & Review 1/20 Practice & Review 1/20 1. In this official statement, the U.S. warned other countries that the Western hemisphere was off limits to further colonization. Monroe Doctrine 2. Name the Latin American freedom

More information

Sectionalism, Nullification, and Indian Removal. Key Concept 4.3

Sectionalism, Nullification, and Indian Removal. Key Concept 4.3 Sectionalism, Nullification, and Indian Removal Key Concept 4.3 Sectionalism, 1820-1860 North: New England and the Middle Atlantic states and the Old Northwest - Ohio to Minnesota. - Northern states were

More information

The Rise of a Mass Democracy, Chapter 13 AP US History

The Rise of a Mass Democracy, Chapter 13 AP US History The Rise of a Mass Democracy, 1824 1840 Chapter 13 AP US History Learning Goals: Students will be able to: Explain how the democratization of American politics contributed to the rise of Andrew Jackson.

More information

How was U.S. democracy unusual compared to the rest of the continent between 1800 and 1840?

How was U.S. democracy unusual compared to the rest of the continent between 1800 and 1840? Bellringer Complete Continental Struggles Over Popular Rights reading. In your binders, answer the following with examples from the reading: How was U.S. democracy unusual compared to the rest of the continent

More information

Andrew Jackson becomes President

Andrew Jackson becomes President Andrew Jackson becomes President Andrew Jackson Presidency Timeline Directions: 1.Read each slide 2.Summarize by answering the questions 3.Write vocabulary words on page 54 Expanded Voting rights to the

More information

Monroe Doctrine. Becoming The World s Police

Monroe Doctrine. Becoming The World s Police Monroe Doctrine Becoming The World s Police Revolutions Revolutions in Latin America Revolts against Spain Simon Bolivar of Venezuela = George Washington in Latin America President Monroe wanted to secure

More information

CHAPTER 15 Reform And Culture,

CHAPTER 15 Reform And Culture, CHAPTER 15 Reform And Culture, 1790 1860 1. Religion (pp. 320 324) Note: Try to figure out why waves of evangelical religion periodically sweep over the country. The evangelical religious right makes up

More information

RULES FOR JEOPARDY. 1. Choose Team name. 2. Choose which team goes first

RULES FOR JEOPARDY. 1. Choose Team name. 2. Choose which team goes first Westward Expansion 1. Choose Team name RULES FOR JEOPARDY 2. Choose which team goes first 3. Teams go in order. Only one person per team may answer WHEN IT IS THERE TURN. 4. After 3 consecutive correct

More information

President Andrew Jackson and Jacksonian Democracy

President Andrew Jackson and Jacksonian Democracy President Andrew Jackson and Jacksonian Democracy President for the Common Man During his campaign for president Andrew Jackson claimed that he represented the common man. He promised to look out for the

More information

Chapter 12: The Pursuit of Perfection

Chapter 12: The Pursuit of Perfection Chapter 12: The Pursuit of Perfection AP United States History Week of January 11, 2016 The Rise of Evangelism Pictured: Lyman Beecher The United States of the early 1800s underwent an evangelical revival

More information

Jacksonian Democracy

Jacksonian Democracy Jacksonian Democracy 1828-1838 Essential Question: Champion of the Common Man? King Andrew? How did the people and states respond to the Corrupt Bargain? 1. They neglected politics. 2. They increased the

More information

Native Americans 17. tell why Jackson s administration supported removal of Native Americans from the eastern states

Native Americans 17. tell why Jackson s administration supported removal of Native Americans from the eastern states APUSH Unit 6 Study Guide (Ch. 13 15) Name Date Make some notes about each item listed below. This assignment is a grade due at the time of notebook check (test day). Chapter 13 Political Parties in the

More information

Chapter 11 Religion and Reform, APUSH Mr. Muller

Chapter 11 Religion and Reform, APUSH Mr. Muller Chapter 11 Religion and Reform, 1800-1860 APUSH Mr. Muller Aim: How is American society changing in the Antebellum period? Do Now: We would have every path laid open to Woman as freely as to Man As the

More information

THE AGE OF JACKSON CHAPTER 13. Election of Election of /13/16

THE AGE OF JACKSON CHAPTER 13. Election of Election of /13/16 CHAPTER 13 THE AGE OF JACKSON Election of 1824! Four candidates all Republican! All nominated in different ways (states, party caucus)! John Q. Adams - Sec. of State! Henry Clay - Speaker of the House!

More information

CHAPTER 13 THE AGE OF JACKSON

CHAPTER 13 THE AGE OF JACKSON CHAPTER 13 THE AGE OF JACKSON Election of 1824 Four candidates all Republican All nominated in different ways (states, party caucus) John Q. Adams - Sec. of State Henry Clay - Speaker of the House William

More information

THE AGE OF JACKSON CHAPTER 13. Election of Election of /8/13

THE AGE OF JACKSON CHAPTER 13. Election of Election of /8/13 CHAPTER 13 THE AGE OF JACKSON Election of 1824 Four candidates all Republican All nominated in different ways (states, party caucus) John Q. Adams - Sec. of State Henry Clay - Speaker of the House William

More information

The Jacksonian Era The Jacksonian Era The Egalitarian Impulse The Extension of White Male Democracy The Popular Religious Revolt

The Jacksonian Era The Jacksonian Era The Egalitarian Impulse The Extension of White Male Democracy The Popular Religious Revolt 1 2 3 4 5 6 The Jacksonian Era 1824 1845 The Egalitarian Impulse What factors contributed to the democratization of American politics and religion in the early nineteenth century? Jackson s Presidency

More information

Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Essential Question: Champion of the Common Man? OR King Andrew? The Center of Population Country Moves WEST Voting Requirements in the Early 19c Voter

More information

Ch 15 Insights 2 nd Great Awakening- revival in religion in America

Ch 15 Insights 2 nd Great Awakening- revival in religion in America Ch 15 Insights 2 nd Great Awakening- revival in religion in America 1) Identify 3 examples from The Apostle of how the 2 nd Great Awakening Americanized or Democratized religion (and explain.) 2) Explain

More information

THE AMERICAN JOURNEY A HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

THE AMERICAN JOURNEY A HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES THE AMERICAN JOURNEY A HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES Brief Sixth Edition Chapter 10 The Jacksonian Era 1824-1845 The Jacksonian Era 1824-1845 The Egalitarian Impulse Jackson s Presidency Van Buren and Hard

More information

Andrew Jackson Old Hickory

Andrew Jackson Old Hickory Andrew Jackson Old Hickory John Quincy Adams Corrupt Bargain doesn t help win over public, even though he most likely didn t cut a deal Respected, but not necessarily popular Didn t play Spoils system

More information

President Andrew Jackson:

President Andrew Jackson: Chapter 12 Section 1 President Andrew Jackson: Getting into Office I. Election of 1824 Three candidates ran for office but there was no clear winner so the House of Representatives chose the President

More information

CHAPTER 8 CREATING A REPUBLICAN CULTURE, APUSH Mr. Muller

CHAPTER 8 CREATING A REPUBLICAN CULTURE, APUSH Mr. Muller CHAPTER 8 CREATING A REPUBLICAN CULTURE, 1790-1820 APUSH Mr. Muller AIM: HOW DOES THE NATION BEGIN TO EXPAND? Do Now: A high and honorable feeling generally prevails, and the people begin to assume, more

More information

Reform and Antebellum Culture ( ) Chapter 15

Reform and Antebellum Culture ( ) Chapter 15 Reform and Antebellum Culture (1790-1860) Chapter 15 ** Realize that Abolitionism also arose during this time period but it is dealt with in another chapter. Second Great Awakening (1820 s- 1830 s) 1.

More information

Jacksonian Era and the Rise of Mass Democracy America 1824 to 1860

Jacksonian Era and the Rise of Mass Democracy America 1824 to 1860 Jacksonian Era and the Rise of Mass Democracy America 1824 to 1860 The Election of 1824: The Corrupt Bargain Candidate Popular Vote Electoral Vote Andrew Jackson 43% 99 J.Q. Adams 31% 32 William Crawford

More information

National Transformation. Unit 4 Chapters 9-11

National Transformation. Unit 4 Chapters 9-11 National Transformation Unit 4 Chapters 9-11 The Market Revolution A. The Transportation Revolution Roads By 1832, nearly 2400 mi. of road connected most major cities. First Turnpike- 1790 Lancaster, PA

More information

Reform. Chapter. SECTION 1 Jacksonian America SECTION 2 A Changing Culture SECTION 3 Reforming Society SECTION 4 The Abolitionist Movement

Reform. Chapter. SECTION 1 Jacksonian America SECTION 2 A Changing Culture SECTION 3 Reforming Society SECTION 4 The Abolitionist Movement Chapter The Spirit of Reform 1828 1845 SECTION 1 Jacksonian America SECTION 2 A Changing Culture SECTION 3 Reforming Society SECTION 4 The Abolitionist Movement Town members listen to a local politician

More information

Religion, Intellectual Growth and Reform in Antebellum America

Religion, Intellectual Growth and Reform in Antebellum America http://www.learner.org/courses/amerhistory/units/8/video/ See first 23 minutes of video above for introduction to Religion, Intellectual Growth and Reform in Antebellum America (Chapter 11) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t62fuzjvjos&list=pl8dpuualjxtmwmepbjtsg593eg7obzo7s&index=15

More information

American Indian Policies & Practices of the Early 1800s

American Indian Policies & Practices of the Early 1800s American Indian Policies & Practices of the Early 1800s The relationship between the Indians within the borders of the United States and the United States itself was improving slowly but surely during

More information

1. Introduction. 2. From the Frontier to the White House

1. Introduction. 2. From the Frontier to the White House 1. Introduction The presidential campaign of 1828 was one of the dirtiest in U.S. history. The two candidates were John Quincy Adams, running for reelection, and Andrew Jackson, the popular hero of the

More information

Manifest Destiny and Andrew Jackson

Manifest Destiny and Andrew Jackson Manifest Destiny and Andrew Jackson Study online at quizlet.com/_204f5a 1. 13 colonies 4. Andrew Jackson 2. 1849 The original states : Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, massachusetts, New jersey,

More information

Religion, Intellectual Growth and Reform in Antebellum America

Religion, Intellectual Growth and Reform in Antebellum America http://www.learner.org/courses/amerhistory/units/8/video/ See first 23 minutes of video above for introduction to Religion, Intellectual Growth and Reform in Antebellum America http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t62fuzjvjos&list=pl8dpuualjxtmwmepbjtsg593eg7obzo7s&index=15

More information

Chapter 2. Follow along with your guided notes!

Chapter 2. Follow along with your guided notes! Chapter 2 Follow along with your guided notes! Section 1 Democracy, Nationalism, and Sectionalism The Rise of Andrew Jackson Jacksonian Democracy New state constitutions to increase voter turnout Ties

More information

47 Jacksonian Democracy Presentation Notes notebook. January 05, 2017

47 Jacksonian Democracy Presentation Notes notebook. January 05, 2017 1 Aim # 26B: To what extent were Jackson and Van Buren successful in maintaining the coalition between the Democrats and poor whites? "Van Ruin" 2 Election of 1832: Chief issue was Jackson "war" on US

More information

Chapter 12 Pursuit of Perfection

Chapter 12 Pursuit of Perfection Chapter 12 Pursuit of Perfection 1. A man who had visited the United States in the 1830s wrote, "Unmarried women in America were unusually emancipated." You would probably give the most credence to his

More information

The 2 nd Great Awakening. Presented by: Mr. Anderson, M.Ed., J.D.

The 2 nd Great Awakening. Presented by: Mr. Anderson, M.Ed., J.D. Presented by: Mr. Anderson, M.Ed., J.D. 1 1. Antebellum 1820 to 1860 Romantic age Reformers pointed out the inequality in society Primarily a Northern movement Southerner s refused reforms to protect slavery

More information

2 nd Great Awakening.... Another chapter of Jacksonian Democracy ( )

2 nd Great Awakening.... Another chapter of Jacksonian Democracy ( ) 2 nd Great Awakening... Another chapter of Jacksonian Democracy (1790-1840) Charles Finney If we are to have an impact upon our culture, the beginning point must be to take our stand united in Christ,

More information

USI.33 Analyze the goals and effects of the antebellum A. the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention B. Susan B. Anthony C. Margaret Fuller D.

USI.33 Analyze the goals and effects of the antebellum A. the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention B. Susan B. Anthony C. Margaret Fuller D. TEACHING AMERICAN HISTORY LESSON PLAN Mary Jane Flaherty Class Unit Grade Level Standards Women s History Reforming Society College Prep 10 th Grade USI.33 Analyze the goals and effects of the antebellum

More information

2 nd Great Awakening.... Another chapter of Jacksonian Democracy ( )

2 nd Great Awakening.... Another chapter of Jacksonian Democracy ( ) 2 nd Great Awakening... Another chapter of Jacksonian Democracy (1790-1840) Charles Finney If we are to have an impact upon our culture, the beginning point must be to take our stand united in Christ,

More information

Chapter 13 - The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy

Chapter 13 - The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy Chapter 13 - The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy Eaton Affair Eaton, Secretary of War, married the daughter of a Washington boardinghouse keeper, Peggy O'Neal. She had rumors spread about her and the male

More information

Chapter 13. An American Renaissance: Religion, Romanticism & Reform

Chapter 13. An American Renaissance: Religion, Romanticism & Reform Chapter 13 An American Renaissance: Religion, Romanticism & Reform APUSH PowerPoint #4.5 (Part 1 of 1 Unit #4 Overlapping Revolutions Chapter 10 BFW Textbook TOPIC I. Antebellum Religion A. Effects of

More information

APUSH - CHAPTER 15 THE FERMENT OF REFORM AND CULTURE

APUSH - CHAPTER 15 THE FERMENT OF REFORM AND CULTURE APUSH - CHAPTER 15 THE FERMENT OF REFORM AND CULTURE Name Reviving Religion The Second Great Awakening 1. How had religion in the United States become more liberal by the early decades of the 19th century?

More information

To the victor belongs the spoils.

To the victor belongs the spoils. When the laws make the rich richer and the potent more powerful, the humble members of society the farmers, mechanics, and laborers who have neither the time nor the means of securing favors to themselves,

More information

Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy

Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy 14.1 Introduction The presidential campaign of 1828 was one of the dirtiest in American history. The election pitted John Quincy Adams, the nation s

More information

Reforms in American Society: Chapter nd Great Awakening 9/25/14. ! Causes. ! Event:

Reforms in American Society: Chapter nd Great Awakening 9/25/14. ! Causes. ! Event: Reforms in American Society: 1790-1860 Chapter 15 2 nd Great Awakening! Causes! 1. The Age of Reason by Thomas Paine! 2. Deism and Unitarians 2 nd Great Awakening! Event:! Began on the southern frontier!

More information

Individualism. Religion and Reform. Ralph Waldo Emerson. Transcendentalism. Literary Influence. Unitarian minister

Individualism. Religion and Reform. Ralph Waldo Emerson. Transcendentalism. Literary Influence. Unitarian minister Chapter 11 Religion and Reform Individualism Transcendentalism truth transcends the senses knowledge of reality comes from intuition self-reliance, self-discipline, nonconformity Ralph Waldo Emerson Unitarian

More information

Chapter 15 The Ferment of Reform and Culture

Chapter 15 The Ferment of Reform and Culture AP U.S. History Name Chapter 15 The Ferment of Reform and Culture A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below. 1. 2. 3.

More information

Reforming Society. The Reform Spirit

Reforming Society. The Reform Spirit Reforming Society Main Idea Spurred on by a revival of religion and a heightened belief in the power of individuals, Americans engaged in reform efforts in the early and mid-1800s. Key Terms and Names

More information

SOCIETY, CULTURE, AND REFORM

SOCIETY, CULTURE, AND REFORM 1820-1860 SOCIETY, CULTURE, AND REFORM Evaluate the extent to which reform movements in the United States from 1820-1860 contributed to maintaining continuity as well as fostering change in American society.

More information

Andrew Jackson decided to retire Martin van Buren was hand picked by Jackson to be the Democratic Candidate

Andrew Jackson decided to retire Martin van Buren was hand picked by Jackson to be the Democratic Candidate Andrew Jackson decided to retire Martin van Buren was hand picked by Jackson to be the Democratic Candidate Was Jackson s 2 nd vice President From New York Whigs ran several favorite son candidates They

More information

Expansion & Reform Unit ( ) The learner will assess the competing forces of expansionism, nationalism, and sectionalism.

Expansion & Reform Unit ( ) The learner will assess the competing forces of expansionism, nationalism, and sectionalism. Expansion & Reform Unit (1801-1850) The learner will assess the competing forces of expansionism, nationalism, and sectionalism. Territorial Expansion Analyze the effects of territorial expansion and the

More information

Chapter 13 THE RISE OF MASS DEMOCRACY

Chapter 13 THE RISE OF MASS DEMOCRACY Chapter 13 THE RISE OF MASS DEMOCRACY The Era of Good Feeling Panic of 1819 & MO Compromise Leads to political conflict Strong Political Parties Dem-Rep vs. National Rep Strict vs. loose Campaigning Increased

More information

Section 1 Politics of the People Section 2 Jackson s Policy Toward Native Americans Section 3 Conflicts over States Rights Section 4

Section 1 Politics of the People Section 2 Jackson s Policy Toward Native Americans Section 3 Conflicts over States Rights Section 4 CHAPTER 12 The Age of Jackson 1824 1840 Section 1 Politics of the People Section 2 Jackson s Policy Toward Native Americans Section 3 Conflicts over States Rights Section 4 Prosperity and Panic The people

More information

Major Events Leading to the Civil War

Major Events Leading to the Civil War 1825-1852 Major Events Leading to the Civil War John Quincy Adams (1825-1829) 4 men run for President, Andrew Jackson gets the most votes-but election is given to Adams who came in second. (Jackson blames

More information

Name: Class Period: Date:

Name: Class Period: Date: Name: Class Period: Date: Unit #2 Review E George Washington H Jay s Treaty D Pinckney s Treaty G Treaty of Greenville K Whiskey Rebellion B Marbury v. Madison A. The greatest U.S. victory in the War of

More information

Today s Topics. Review: The Market Revolution The 2 nd Great Awakening The Age of Jackson

Today s Topics. Review: The Market Revolution The 2 nd Great Awakening The Age of Jackson Today s Topics Review: The Market Revolution The 2 nd Great Awakening The Age of Jackson 1 Quiz Geography Slaves states 1820 Missouri Comprise Mississippi River Free States Texas 2 Population Distribution,

More information

19 TH CENTURY RELIGION & REFORM. Chapter 2 Section 1

19 TH CENTURY RELIGION & REFORM. Chapter 2 Section 1 19 TH CENTURY RELIGION & REFORM Chapter 2 Section 1 LECTURE FOCUS QUESTION How did the Second Great Awakening encourage reform? Explain. SECOND GREAT AWAKENING Second Great Awakening: religious revival

More information

Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy How well did President Andrew Jackson promote democracy?

Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy How well did President Andrew Jackson promote democracy? Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy How well did President Andrew Jackson promote democracy? P R E V I E W Follow along with the lyrics as you listen to this folk song, which was written

More information

Antebellum Reform Movements

Antebellum Reform Movements Antebellum Reform Movements Chapter 15 The Second Great Awakening Spiritual Reform From Within [Religious Revivalism] Social Reforms & Redefining the Ideal of Equality Temperance Abolitionism Education

More information

Age of Jackson. Jackson the Man. American History I SRMHS Mr. Hensley. Day 1

Age of Jackson. Jackson the Man. American History I SRMHS Mr. Hensley. Day 1 Age of Jackson Day 1 Jackson the Man American History I SRMHS Mr. Hensley Election of 1828 Rematch of 1824: Adams vs. Jackson Beginning of modern campaigning (shaking hands, kissing babies) Jackson accused

More information

10/18/ Explain at least one way in which the first Industrial/Market Revolution changed the American economy.

10/18/ Explain at least one way in which the first Industrial/Market Revolution changed the American economy. 10/18/2016 35. Explain at least one way in which the first Industrial/Market Revolution changed the American economy. 36. Of the inventions of the first Industrial Revolution that we have discussed thus

More information

Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy 1

Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy 1 Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy How well did President Andrew Jackson promote democracy? P R E V I E W Follow along with the lyrics as you listen to this folk song, which was written

More information

Chapter Learning Objective. Reforms in American Society: Chapter nd Great Awakening 10/26/16

Chapter Learning Objective. Reforms in American Society: Chapter nd Great Awakening 10/26/16 Chapter Learning Objective Reforms in American Society: 1790-1860 Chapter 15 The rise of democratic and individualistic beliefs, a response to rationalism, and changes to society caused by the market revolution,

More information

Chapter 14: Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy 1. Introduction

Chapter 14: Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy 1. Introduction Chapter 14: Andrew Jackson and the Growth of American Democracy 1. Introduction Click to read caption The presidential campaign of 1828 was one of the dirtiest in U.S. history. The two candidates were

More information

THE FERMENT OF REFORM AND CULTURE. Chapter 12 AP US History

THE FERMENT OF REFORM AND CULTURE. Chapter 12 AP US History THE FERMENT OF REFORM AND CULTURE Chapter 12 AP US History LEARNING GOALS: Students will be able to: Explain how the democratization of American politics contributed to the rise of Andrew Jackson. Evaluate

More information

National Reformations

National Reformations Section 1 National Reformations Chapter 8 Sections 1, 2, 4 The Cold A War Religious Begins Awakening Section 1 Section 1 Religious Reform Second Great Awakening Believing that Americans had become immoral,

More information

Chapter 11 Winter Break Assignment. Also, complete Comparing American Voices on pg and Voices from Abroad on 358.

Chapter 11 Winter Break Assignment. Also, complete Comparing American Voices on pg and Voices from Abroad on 358. Chapter 11 Winter Break Assignment Along with the following questions, you should answer the review questions on pgs. 335, 344, 354, 359, 360. Also, complete Comparing American Voices on pg. 346-347 and

More information

Reform in American Culture To change or not to change, that is

Reform in American Culture To change or not to change, that is Reform in American Culture 1820-1860 To change or not to change, that is the question Second Great Awakening Thomas Jefferson, Ben Franklin were Deist Deists-rely on reason, instead of revelation, on science

More information

The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21 st Century

The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21 st Century The Growth of a Young Nation,1800 1850 In the first half of the 1800s, the United States expands adding land and people. The economy grows throughout the nation, but the different regions develop varied

More information

The Ferment of Reform The Times They Are A-Changin

The Ferment of Reform The Times They Are A-Changin The Ferment of Reform 1820-1860 The Times They Are A-Changin Second Great Awakening Caused new divisions with the older Protestant churches Original sin replaced with optimistic belief that willingness

More information

Chapter 8 Resources APPLICATION AND ENRICHMENT. Linking Past and Present Activity 8. Name Date Class

Chapter 8 Resources APPLICATION AND ENRICHMENT. Linking Past and Present Activity 8. Name Date Class Copyright by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Copyright by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 1831 The Liberator is 1845 Frederick Douglass 1852 First mandatory published for the first publishes his autobiography.

More information

CHAPTER 14 Forging the National Economy,

CHAPTER 14 Forging the National Economy, CHAPTER 14 Forging the National Economy, 1790 1860 A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to: 1. Describe the growth and movement of America s population in

More information

Chapter 10 The Years of Andrew Jackson

Chapter 10 The Years of Andrew Jackson Chapter 10 The Years of Andrew Jackson 1829-1836 History...Chapter 10...p. 1 The Democrats support Jackson Old Hickory was a nickname for him War hero-the Battle of New Orleans. Defeated the Creeks in

More information

HISTORICAL CAUSATION AND ARGUMENTATION The Second Great Awakening & Reforms

HISTORICAL CAUSATION AND ARGUMENTATION The Second Great Awakening & Reforms Unit 3, Period 4 HISTORICAL CAUSATION AND ARGUMENTATION The Second Great Awakening & Reforms From the 2015 and 2017 Revised Framework: Causation Students will be able to Describe causes or effects of a

More information

REFORM. The Abolitionists

REFORM. The Abolitionists REFORM Day 2 The Abolitionists American History I Mr. Hensley SRMHS Life Under Slavery Growing: doubling to 2 million from 1810-30 1830: majority of slaves are American-born Most slaves (70%) are on large

More information

Manifest Destiny and Westward Expansion

Manifest Destiny and Westward Expansion Manifest Destiny and Westward Expansion Van Buren, Harrison, and Tyler Martin Van Buren was the 8th President from 1837-1841 Indian Removal Amistad Case Diplomacy with Great Britain and Mexico over land

More information

Ch Key Terms. 2) Jacksonian Democracy an expansion of voting rights during the popular Andrew Jackson administration.

Ch Key Terms. 2) Jacksonian Democracy an expansion of voting rights during the popular Andrew Jackson administration. Ch. 10-12 Key Terms Chapter 10 1) Nominating conventions a meeting at which a political party selects its presidential and vice presidential candidate. They were first held in the 1820s. 2) Jacksonian

More information

Between the early 1830s and the mid 1850s, a new political party called the Whigs ran in opposition against the Democrat party of Andrew Jackson.

Between the early 1830s and the mid 1850s, a new political party called the Whigs ran in opposition against the Democrat party of Andrew Jackson. Between the early 1830s and the mid 1850s, a new political party called the Whigs ran in opposition against the Democrat party of Andrew Jackson. They believed in congressional supremacy instead of presidential

More information

#10: Tocqueville s America

#10: Tocqueville s America #10: Tocqueville s America 1. The famous book in which Alexis de Tocqueville analyzed American society was A) The American Nation. B) Democracy in America. C) Life on the Mississippi. D) The American Commonwealth.

More information

U.S. History-Honors. Unit 3: An Emerging New Nation ( ) Chapters 7-9

U.S. History-Honors. Unit 3: An Emerging New Nation ( ) Chapters 7-9 U.S. History-Honors Unit 3: An Emerging New Nation (1783-1850) Chapters 7-9 Directions: Complete the graphic organizer below indicating American scholars and artists of the late- 17 th and early-18 th

More information

In 1829 the popular Democratic war hero, General Andrew Jackson, became the seventh president of the United States,

In 1829 the popular Democratic war hero, General Andrew Jackson, became the seventh president of the United States, In 1829 the popular Democratic war hero, General Andrew Jackson, became the seventh president of the United States, Jackson won a second term in 1832. Throughout his eight years as president, Jackson worked

More information

Transcendentalism. Philosophical and literary movement Emphasized

Transcendentalism. Philosophical and literary movement Emphasized Transcendentalism Philosophical and literary movement Emphasized Transcendentalist Thinking Man must acknowledge a body of moral truths that were intuitive and must TRANSCEND more sensational proof: 1.

More information

The Ferment of Reform and Culture CHAPTER 15

The Ferment of Reform and Culture CHAPTER 15 The Ferment of Reform and Culture CHAPTER 15 A Third Revolution Jacksonian Era: Changes in politics and American economy Also, new commitment to improve the character of ordinary Americans Rise of religious

More information

7. Who became a national hero at the Battle of New Orleans? a. Thomas Jefferson b. James Madison c. James Monroe d. Andrew Jackson

7. Who became a national hero at the Battle of New Orleans? a. Thomas Jefferson b. James Madison c. James Monroe d. Andrew Jackson 1. The Virginia and Kentucky resolutions demonstrated a conflict between a. State and National rights b. Republicans and Democrats c. Slaveholders and Non-slaveholders d. East and West 2. Which Supreme

More information

Learning Target: I can describe the impact of various forms of culture on American Society (religion, literature, education)

Learning Target: I can describe the impact of various forms of culture on American Society (religion, literature, education) Learning Target: I can describe the impact of various forms of culture on American Society (religion, literature, education) I-Religious Change and Reform A-Second Great Awakening 1-Wave of religious fervor

More information

1. What was the optimistic message of the Second Great Awakening?

1. What was the optimistic message of the Second Great Awakening? An Era of Reform I N T E R A C T I V E S T U D E N T N O T E B O O K To what extent did the reform movements of the mid-1800s improve life for Americans? P R E V I E W Read the lyrics to the song Let Us

More information

Unit 3 Part 2. Analyze the movement toward greater democracy and its impact. Describe the personal and political qualities of Andrew Jackson.

Unit 3 Part 2. Analyze the movement toward greater democracy and its impact. Describe the personal and political qualities of Andrew Jackson. Unit 3 Part 2 Trace the settlement and development of the Spanish borderlands. Explain the concept of Manifest Destiny. Describe the causes and challenges of westward migration. Explain how Texas won independence

More information

Document A Document B

Document A Document B Document A During the election of 1828, John Binns, editor of the Philadelphia Democratic Press, printed an anti-jackson broadside that depicted six coffins containing militiamen, who, an eye witness alleged,

More information

DAY 11: INDIAN REMOVAL, REFORM AND AMERICAN EXPANSION. Monday, November 3, 14

DAY 11: INDIAN REMOVAL, REFORM AND AMERICAN EXPANSION. Monday, November 3, 14 DAY 11: INDIAN REMOVAL, REFORM AND AMERICAN EXPANSION CORNELL NOTES 4-5 LINES PER COURT CASES: MCCULOCH VS. MARYLAND MISSOURI COMPROMISE 1820 AGE OF JACKSON / INDIAN REMOVAL ACT/ TRAIL OF TEARS SECOND

More information

Unit Test. The New Republic. Form A. best choice in the space provided. Bear Flag Revolt? a. A union of Spanish settlers

Unit Test. The New Republic. Form A. best choice in the space provided. Bear Flag Revolt? a. A union of Spanish settlers The New Republic Unit Test Form A MULTIPLE CHOICE For each of the following, write the letter of the best choice in the space provided. 1. What happened during the Bear Flag Revolt? a. A union of Spanish

More information