National Transformation. Unit 4 Chapters 9-11

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1 National Transformation Unit 4 Chapters 9-11

2 The Market Revolution

3 A. The Transportation Revolution Roads By 1832, nearly 2400 mi. of road connected most major cities. First Turnpike Lancaster, PA

4 A. The Transportation Revolution The Cumberland or National Road

5 A. The Transportation Revolution Canals The Erie Canal System

6 Mechanical Inventions Steamboats The Clermont Robert Fulton

7 A. The Transportation Revolution Railroads * miles of track built by Baltimore & Ohio RR *By mi. of RR track *By ,000 miles.

8 B. The Growth of Industry Mechanical Inventions patents were approved ,357 patents were approved

9 The Growth of Industry Factory System Samuel Slater

10 Eli Whitney: the Cotton Gin And Interchangeable Parts

11 Mechanical Inventions Elias Howe

12 The Growth of Industry Corporations for Raising Capital

13 The Growth of Industry The Waltham-Lowell System

14 Mechanical Inventions & Farming Cyrus McCormick John Deere Steel Plow Mechanical Reaper

15 What impact did Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) have on the Market Revolution?

16 IMPACTS OF THE MARKET REVOLUTION

17 King Cotton The South

18 The South It s peculiar institution Denmark Vesey (1822) Nat Turner (1831)

19 Commercial Agriculture The Midwest

20 The Northeast $During the American Revolution, 45% of all wealth in the top 10% of the population. $1845 Boston à top 4% owned over 65% of the wealth. $1860 Philadelphia à top 1% owned over 50% of the wealth.

21 The Northeast Workingmen s Party Robert Owens & others Early labor unions & and worker oriented parties were local, social, & weak.

22 The Northeast Urbanization

23 The Northeast Immigration

24 The Irish Immigration

25 Immigration The Germans

26 Nativism Immigration American or Know-Nothing Party

27 Did the Market Revolution make America a more or less democratic society? How so?

28

29 Politics of the Common Man Universal Male Suffrage

30 Politics of the Common Man Nominating Conventions Replaced caucuses Popular Election of the Electors Popular Campaigning -mudslinging

31 Politics of the Common Man Spoils System & Rotation of Officeholders -party machines Rise of 3rd Parties or Minor Parties

32 The Election of 1824 John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, William Crawford, & Andrew Jackson A Corrupt Bargain

33 Andrew Jackson ( ) Domestic Issues

34 Andrew Jackson ( ) Domestic Issues -Tariff of The South Carolina Exposition -Tariff of Columbia Convention -Force Bill -Tariff of 1833

35 Domestic Issues Native Americans -Worcester v. Georgia (1832) -Indian Removal Act (1830)

36 Domestic Issues Native Americans -Trail of Tears ( )

37 Domestic Issues Bank Crisis Nicholas Biddle Henry Clay Jackson

38 Domestic Issues Specie Circular

39 Effects Bank notes lost value Land sales plummeted Credit was less available Businesses began to fail Unemployment Rose

40 Martin Van Buren ( ) Domestic Issues -Panic of Texas Revolution of 1836

41 Election of 1840

42 Effects of the Jacksonian Era Triumph of populist democratic style Reaffirmation of the 2 party system Expansion of presidential power

43 The Second Great Awakening Charles Finney

44 The Second Great Awakening The Mormons Joseph Smith

45 Transcendentalism Emerson Thoreau Nature (1832) Self-Reliance (1841) Walden (1854) Civil Disobedience (1849) The American Scholar (1837) R3-1/3/4/5

46 Social Reforms The Temperance Movement American Temperance Society (1826) Neal Dow

47 Social Reforms Public Asylums & Penitentiaries Dorothea Dix

48 Social Reform Public Education Horace Mann

49 Social Reform Women s Rights Movement -Cult of Domesticity -Separate Spheres Concept

50 Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments 1848 Lucretia Mott Elizabeth Cady Stanton

51 If Women Had Their Way!

52 Abolitionism

53 Abolitionism American Colonization Society American Antislavery Society Liberty Party Birney Garrison

54 Abolitionism Black Abolitionists Frederick Douglass

55 Abolitionism Violent Abolitionism David Walker Henry Highland Garnet

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