How was U.S. democracy unusual compared to the rest of the continent between 1800 and 1840?

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1 Bellringer Complete Continental Struggles Over Popular Rights reading. In your binders, answer the following with examples from the reading: How was U.S. democracy unusual compared to the rest of the continent between 1800 and 1840?

2 The Age of Jackson MS. LUCO IB HISTORY OCT 25-26, 2018

3 Standards SSUSH6 Investigate political, economic, and social developments during the Age of Jackson. a)explain Jacksonian Democracy, including expanding suffrage, the Nullification Crisis and states rights, and the Indian Removal Act. b)explain how the North, South, and West were linked through industrial and economic expansion including Henry Clay and the American System.

4 Learning Objective SWBAT explain Jacksonian Democracy IOT investigate political, economic, and social developments during the Age of Jackson.

5 Inquiry What were some of the key features of Jacksonian Democracy?

6

7 New Democratic Politics U.S. popular democracy was unusual compared to the rest of the continent (and the world) Compare to: Mexico Caribbean islands Canada How did suffrage in the U.S. expand between 1800 and 1840? How was suffrage limited?

8 Era of Good Feelings Election of The Corrupt Bargain the Democrats (new party!) New Mass Politics Other Political Changes

9

10 Sectional Politics Strong sectional leaders in Congress North: Daniel Webster South: John C. Calhoun West: Henry Clay American System: program of government subsidies to promote American economic growth and protect American manufacturers from foreign competition

11

12

13

14 Age of Jackson 7 th President: Vice President: John C. Calhoun Secretary of State and campaign manager: Martin van Buren Common Man Era Contradictions? Kitchen Cabinet Use of veto power

15 Nullification Crisis Nullification Crisis- sectional crisis in the early 1830s in which a state s rights party in South Carolina attempted to nullify federal law Reaction to the Tariff of 1828 ( Tariff of Abominations ) Led by John C. Calhoun Crisis! S. Carolina threatened to secede Resolution? Compromise over tariff

16 First, the removal of the Indians from the vicinity of the white population and their settlement beyond the Mississippi. Second, to put a stop to the abuses of the Federal government in regard to internal improvements [and] Third, to oppose as well the existing reincorporation of the existing National Bank. -ANDREW JACKSON S AGENDA, AS RECALLED BY MARTIN VAN BUREN IN HIS AUTOBIOGRAPHY

17 Indian Removal Five Civilized Tribes Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, & Seminole Assimilation 1830 Indian Removal Actallocated funds for forced relocation of American Indians Oklahoma ( Indian Territory ) Trail of Tears

18

19 Kill the Bank Jackson vetoed the recharter of the Second Bank of the United States Personal feud between Jackson and Nicholas Biddle- director of Bank The bank is trying to kill me, but I will kill it!

20 Specie Circular Specie Circular- proclamation issued by Jackson in 1836 that only gold or silver could be used as payment for public land Led to Panic of year economic recession Martin Van Ruin Second American Party System Whigs (opposition party) vs. Democrats

21 History vs. Andrew Jackson Click me

22 Does Andrew Jackson deserve to be featured on the $20 bill?

23 Homework 1. Finish $20 bill activity if not done in class 2. Read White Men s Democracy chapter outline (posted on our class website). Use the chapter outline to complete the KNICKS acronym notes. 3. Use class notes and the chapter outline to complete the True/False worksheet. Rewrite the statements marked false to make them true.

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