2 Chapter Introduction Section 1: Civilization Begins in Mesopotamia Section 2: Egyptian Civilization Section 3: New Centers of Civilization Section 4: The Rise of New Empires Visual Summary
3 How does progress affect history? During the 1960s, Egypt built the Aswan High Dam to control flooding of the Nile River. The lake rising behind the dam threatened to destroy ancient Egyptian monuments. An international team saved several temples including Abu Simbel Ramses II s temple. Abu Simbel was carved into 20-ton blocks, moved 200 feet, and reassembled. In this chapter you will learn about Egyptian rulers and temples. Why would other countries help Egypt preserve its monuments? How can countries adapt to changing needs and still preserve their history?
6 Civilization Begins in Mesopotamia Why were the first farming societies located along rivers?
7 Egyptian Civilization What factors contribute to a stable and lasting civilization?
8 New Centers of Civilization How did the monotheism of the Israelites differ from religious beliefs of previous cultures?
9 The Rise of New Empires What did lasting empires have in common?
11 The BIG Idea Physical Geography Fertile soil between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers allowed an early civilization to flourish in Mesopotamia.
13 People and Places Tigris River Euphrates River Mesopotamia Fertile Crescent Sumerians Uruk Akkadians Sargon Babylon Hammurabi
14 Do you agree that geography plays an important role in the development of societies? A. Agree B. Disagree A. A B. B 0% 0% A B
15 Geography and Religion The physical environment of Mesopotamia supported the development of civilization and influenced people s religious beliefs.
16 Geography and Religion (cont.) The first civilization began in a valley known as Mesopotamia, which was between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Mesopotamia (today s Iraq) was located in the Fertile Crescent, an area of good farmland located between the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf. Ancient Mesopotamia
17 Geography and Religion (cont.) The Sumerians created the first civilization in Mesopotamia around 3000 B.C. Mesopotamians were polytheistic, and believed in nearly 3,000 gods and goddesses.
18 What enabled the Mesopotamians to switch from a nomadic lifestyle to permanent settlements? A. Polytheism B. Civilizations C. Large armies D. Farming A B A. A B. B C. C 0% 0% 0% 0% D. D C D
19 City-States of Ancient Mesopotamia Religion played a powerful role in the economic, political, and social structure of Mesopotamian city-states.
20 City-States of Ancient Mesopotamia (cont.) Sumerian cities, such as Eridu, Uruk, and Ur, gained political and economic control of Mesopotamia. The basic units of Sumerian society were independent city-states.
21 City-States of Ancient Mesopotamia (cont.) Much of the wealth of the cities was dedicated to building temples dedicated to the god or goddess of the city. These temples were often built atop a massive stepped tower called a ziggurat. Priests and priestesses held a great deal of power, making the state a theocracy, a government by divine authority.
22 City-States of Ancient Mesopotamia (cont.) Farming was the basis of the economy of the Sumerian city-states. Sumerian metalworkers used copper, gold, and silver to make tools and jewelry. Sumerians discovered how to make bronze by adding tin to copper. Bronze is a hard metal used for making tools and weapons.
23 City-States of Ancient Mesopotamia (cont.) The invention of the wheel in 3000 B.C. made the transport of goods much easier. Sumerian society was divided into three major social groups: nobles, commoners, and slaves. Mesopotamia Trade Route
24 Which of the following most accurately describes a theocracy? A. A government by divine authority B. A society of farmers C. A society with different social classes D. A government where the king is the ruler A. A B. B C. C A 0% 0% 0% 0% B D. D C D
25 The Creativity of the Sumerians The Sumerians invented writing and several new technologies that made life easier.
26 The Creativity of the Sumerians (cont.) The Sumerians are credited with many technological innovations that affect our lives today. Around 3000 B.C., the Sumerians created a system of writing known as cuneiform ( wedge-shaped ). People used a stylus or other tool to make wedge-shaped impressions on clay tablets, which were then baked or dried in the sun.
27 The Creativity of the Sumerians (cont.) Writing was important because it allowed Mesopotamian peoples to keep records and to communicate ideas with others.
28 The Creativity of the Sumerians (cont.) Examples of Sumerian technology and innovation: Wagon wheel Potter s wheel Sundial Arch used in construction Bronze metalwork Advances in mathematics, geometry, and astronomy
29 Which of the following was not an example of Sumerian technology? A. Bronze weapons B. Wagon wheels C. Ceramic pottery D. Use of geometry to erect buildings A B A. A B. B C. C 0% 0% 0% 0% D. D C D
30 Empires in Ancient Mesopotamia Strong leaders established empires and codified the laws of Mesopotamia.
31 Empires in Ancient Mesopotamia (cont.) Around 2340 B.C., the Akkadians, a people north of the Sumerian city-states, took control of the Sumerian city-states and established the first empire in world history. The leader of the Akkadian Empire was Sargon.
32 Empires in Ancient Mesopotamia (cont.) In 1792 B.C., the city-state of Babylon took control of Sumer and Akkad. The Babylonian ruler was Hammurabi. The Code of Hammurabi was a collection of written laws based on a system of strict justice. The Influence of Hammurabi
33 Empires in Ancient Mesopotamia (cont.) The Code of Hammurabi covered: Criminal offenses Duties of public officials Consumer protection laws Marriage and family Mesopotamian society was patriarchal men dominated society.
34 Which of the following set up the first empire in world history? A. Babylon B. Hammurabi C. Cuneiform D. Akkadia A B A. A B. B C. C 0% 0% 0% 0% D. D C D
36 The BIG Idea Order and Security Continuity and stability were characteristics of Egyptian civilization for thousands of years.
38 People and Places Nile River Lower Egypt Upper Egypt Menes Giza Hyksos Hatshepsut Akhenaten Tutankhamen Ramses II Cleopatra VII
39 Is religion an essential component for empires? A. Yes B. No A. A B. B 0% 0% A B
40 Geography and Religion The Nile River was fundamental to the development of Egyptian civilization.
41 Geography and Religion (cont.) The Nile River is the longest river in the world. It begins in central Africa and empties into the Mediterranean Sea to the north. The Nile River splits into two major branches: Lower Egypt is the delta area that flows into the Mediterranean Sea. Upper Egypt is the land to the south which is upstream from the Mediterranean Sea.
42 Geography and Religion (cont.) Egypt s important cities developed at the tip of the delta, where the Nile River divides. Regular flooding from the Nile River created an area of rich farm soil. Farmers in the Nile Valley grew a surplus of crops, making Egypt very prosperous. The Geography of Ancient Egypt
43 Geography and Religion (cont.) The Nile River was the fastest way to travel through the kingdom, making both transportation and communication easier. Natural barriers protected Egypt from invasion. The Geography of Ancient Egypt
44 Geography and Religion (cont.) The Egyptians were polytheistic. Sun Gods: source of life Re is one of the Sun God s names. River and Land Gods: Osiris brought civilization to Egypt and was a symbol of resurrection. By identifying with Osiris, Egyptians hoped to gain life after death.
45 Which of the following enabled farmers to grow crops in the Nile Valley? A. The use of slaves B. Annual flooding of the Nile River C. New farming equipment D. Egyptian gods A B A. A B. B C. C 0% 0% 0% 0% D. D C D
46 Egyptian Kingdoms Egyptian history is divided into three major periods, called kingdoms.
47 Egyptian Kingdoms (cont.) Around 3100 B.C., King Menes united Upper and Lower Egypt into a single kingdom and created the first royal dynasty. Scholars divide Egyptian history into three periods: the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom.
48 Egyptian Kingdoms (cont.) The Old Kingdom (2700 B.C B.C.) Egyptian monarchs called pharaohs ruled Egypt with absolute power. A government bureaucracy developed during this period. The vizier was in charge of the government administration. Pyramids were built to honor the dead.
49 Egyptian Kingdoms (cont.) Egyptians practiced mummification to preserve the physical body. It was believed that preserving the physical body would allow the person s spirit to return. Pyramids were tombs for the mummified bodies of pharaohs, as well as symbols of royal power. The largest pyramid was built for King Khufu at Giza.
50 Egyptian Kingdoms (cont.) The Middle Kingdom (2055 B.C B.C.) A golden age of stability and expansion into Africa and western Asia. Pharaohs built public works and provided for the public welfare of the people. The Middle Kingdom ended with an invasion of the Hyksos from western Asia around 1650 B.C.
51 Egyptian Kingdoms (cont.) The New Kingdom (1550 B.C B.C.) Hatshepsut was one of the first women to become pharaoh. Akhenaten closed the temples of all other gods except for Aten, god of the sun disk. The popular boy-pharaoh Tutankhamen restored the old gods.
52 Egyptian Kingdoms (cont.) Ramses II restored the old borders of the empire that had been lost during the religious revolution under Akhenaten. Cleopatra VII unsuccessfully fought for Egyptian independence in the first century B.C.
53 Which is true of the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom? A. They all featured women rulers. B. They featured long-term stability and strong leadership. A. A C. A pyramid was built for each period. B. B D. The kingdoms all had the same ruling family. A C. C D. D 0% 0% 0% 0% B C D
54 Life in Ancient Egypt Egyptian Society was organized into classes.
55 Life in Ancient Egypt (cont.) Egyptian society was highly structured and pyramid shaped. Pharaoh Upper class: priests, nobles, government officials Middle class: merchants, artisans, scribes, tax collectors Lower class: peasants, farmers
56 Which of the following professions would not have come from the middle class? A. Scribe B. Tax collector C. Farmer D. Merchant A B A. A B. B C. C 0% 0% 0% 0% D. D C D
57 Egyptian Accomplishments Egyptians developed complex writing and made advances in the arts and sciences.
58 Egyptian Accomplishments (cont.) Hieroglyphics, or sacred writings, appeared around 3000 B.C. and were carved into stone. Hieratic script was a simplified version of writing used for business transactions and record keeping. It was written on papyrus.
59 Egyptian Accomplishments (cont.) Advances in Egyptian Art and Science Architecture: pyramids, monuments, and temples Mathematics and Geometry A 365-day calendar Human anatomy: embalming, treating wounds and disease
60 How did the Egyptians keep records of daily activities? A. Carvings in stone B. Writings on papyrus C. Beads kept in a jar D. Etches on wax tablets A B A. A B. B C. C 0% 0% 0% 0% D. D C D
62 The BIG Idea Ideas, Beliefs, and Values The Israelites belief in one God resulted in a distinct society.
64 People and Places Indo-Europeans Hittites Phoenicians Israelites King Solomon Jerusalem
65 Do you think residents of your community are suspicious of strangers? A. Yes B. No A. A B. B 0% 0% A B
66 The Role of Nomadic People Nomadic peoples, especially the Indo- Europeans, served an important function for civilized societies by spreading goods and new technology.
67 The Role of Nomadic People (cont.) In central Asia, pastoral nomads lived on the fringes of civilization. These people depended on hunting, gathering, herding, and sometimes farming for survival. These people domesticated animals for food and clothing.
68 The Role of Nomadic People (cont.) People in settled communities and nomads traded goods and technology. The nomadic peoples sometimes overran civilizations and created their own empires.
69 The Role of Nomadic People (cont.) The Indo-Europeans were one of the most important nomadic peoples. Originated in the steppe region north of the Black Sea Spoke Greek, Latin, Persian, Sanskrit, and the Germanic languages Moved to India, western Asia, and Europe
70 The Role of Nomadic People (cont.) Hittites (1600 B.C B.C.) created an empire in western Asia and were the first to use iron. The Hittite Empire, B.C.
71 Who were the first Indo-Europeans to use iron? A. Greeks B. Syrians C. Hittites D. Pastoral nomads A B A. A B. B C. C 0% 0% 0% 0% D. D C D
72 The Phoenicians The Phoenicians created an international trade empire and invented an alphabet.
73 The Phoenicians (cont.) After the fall of the Egyptian and Hittite empires, many city-states and kingdoms emerged. The Phoenicians lived on the Mediterranean coast in Palestine. They built ships and became great international sea traders. They sailed to Britain, Spain, and the west coast of Africa. Phoenicia and its Colonies, 1000 B.C. 700 B.C.
74 The Phoenicians (cont.) The Phoenicians are best known for their alphabet. It was copied by the Greeks and the Romans. Hebrew, Phoenician, and Latin Alphabets
75 What was the most significant cultural invention of the Phoenicians? A. Their alphabet B. Maps from their exploration C. Glass D. Dome-shaped temples A A. A B. B C. 0% C 0% 0% 0% D. D B C D
76 The Israelites The Israelites had lasting influence through their religious beliefs rather than from military power.
77 The Israelites (cont.) The Israelites lived south of the Phoenicians and were a minor factor in politics. The Israelites were monotheistic and their religion, Judaism, influenced Christianity and Islam. Around 970 B.C., King Solomon established an empire in the land known today as Israel. The capital was Jerusalem.
78 The Israelites (cont.) After Solomon s death in 930 B.C., the Israelite empire was divided: The Kingdom of Israel was located in the north. The Assyrians conquered the ten northern tribes of the Kingdom of Israel in 721 B.C. The Kingdom of Judah was to the south. The Chaldeans defeated the Assyrians and the two tribes of the Kingdom of Judah in 586 B.C.
79 The Israelites (cont.) The religion of the Jews was unique among religions of Egypt and western Asia. Despite being conquered by other states, the Jewish people would not accept the gods of their conquerors.
80 Which aspect of Israelite culture had the greatest impact on Western civilization? A. The use of iron B. King Solomon s wisdom C. Trade routes D. A monotheistic religion A B A. A B. B C. C 0% 0% 0% 0% D. D C D
82 The BIG Idea Competition Among Countries The Assyrians and the Persians established vast empires in the ancient world.
84 People and Places Assyrians Nebuchadnezzar Persians Cyrus Darius Royal Road Immortals Zoroaster
85 Do you agree that it is more important to be able to conquer an enemy than it is to rule an empire? A. Agree B. Disagree 0% A. A B. B 0% A B
86 The Assyrian Empire The Assyrians ruled with harsh tactics that brought about the fall of their empire.
87 The Assyrian Empire (cont.) The Assyrians were a Semitic-speaking people who established an empire in 700 B.C. Assyrians used iron weapons and a large, well-organized, and disciplined army to conquer others. A major factor in the army s success was its ability to use different military tactics.
88 Which of the following is not a reason for the success of the Assyrian conquest of other nations? A. Wealth from the captured trade routes B. The use of iron weapons C. A large, disciplined army D. The army could utilize different military tactics A A. A B. B 0% C. C 0% 0% 0% D. D B C D
89 The Persian Empire Strong Persian leaders conquered and ruled a vast empire for more than 200 years.
90 The Persian Empire (cont.) After the collapse of the Assyrian Empire, the Chaldean king Nebuchadnezzar II made Babylonia the leading power in western Asia.
91 The Persian Empire (cont.) Babylonia was conquered by the Persians, an Indo-European people from today s Iran. The nomadic Persians were unified under one ruling family with dynamic leaders. The Persian Empire, 500 B.C.
92 The Persian Empire (cont.) In 539 B.C., Cyrus captured Babylonia. He was known as Cyrus the Great because of his wisdom and restraint toward his conquered foes. Cyrus respected other civilizations and used Assyrian, Egyptian, and Babylonian designs for building his palaces.
93 The Persian Empire (cont.) Cambyses sought to extend the empire by successfully invading Egypt. Darius added territory in western India and Thrace, today s Greece. He divided the empire into provinces called satrapies. Each satrapy was ruled by a satrap who collected taxes, provided justice, and recruited soldiers.
94 The Persian Empire (cont.) The Royal Road stretched across the Persian kingdom and allowed for communication and travel. This communication and travel sustained the Persian Empire. The power of the Persian Empire came from its military. Its professional soldiers were known as the Immortals because when one was killed, he was immediately replaced.
95 The Persian Empire (cont.) Persian religion was known as Zoroastrianism. This monotheistic religion was started by the prophet Zoroaster, who wrote his teachings in the Zend Avesta. The Persian Empire was weakened by struggles over succession to the monarchy. The Empire finally fell to Alexander the Great and the Greeks in the 330s B.C.
96 What caused the Persian Empire to decline after the death of Darius? A. The Royal Road fell into disrepair. B. Succession of Darius was uncertain, causing internal struggles. C. The rise of Zoroastrianism divided people. D. They were defeated in battle by the Greeks. A. A B. B C. C A 0% 0% 0% 0% B D. D C D
98 Ancient Environments The Egyptians received fertile soil from the floodwaters of the Nile for farming. The Phoenicians set up a trading empire and colonies on the Mediterranean. The Mesopotamians created irrigation and flood control systems.
99 Ancient Religions The Mesopotamians and the Egyptians, who both were polytheistic, believed their rulers derived their power from the gods. The Israelites were monotheistic and believed God communicated through prophets. The Persians followed Zoroastrianism, a monotheistic religion.
100 Ancient Innovations The Mesopotamians established a collection of laws, along with inventing the arch, dome, wheel, and a system of writing. The Phoenicians invented the alphabet. The Persians created the concept of a standing army.
111 Chapter Transparencies Menu Chapter Transparency Unit Time Line Transparency Cause-and-Effect Transparency Select a transparency to view.
119 polytheistic having many gods
120 city-state a state with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
121 ziggurat a massive, stepped tower on which was built a temple dedicated to the chief god or goddess of a Sumerian city
122 theocracy government by divine authority
123 cuneiform wedge-shaped, a system of writing developed by the Sumerians using a reed stylus to create wedge-shaped impressions on a clay tablet
124 empire a large political unit or state, usually under a single leader, that controls many peoples or territories
125 patriarchal dominated by men
126 transport the moving of goods or people
127 innovation a new idea, method, or device
128 dynasty a family of rulers whose right to rule is passed on within the family
129 pharaoh the most common of the various titles for ancient Egyptian monarchs; the term originally meant great house or palace
130 bureaucracy an administrative organization that relies on nonelective officials and regular procedures
131 vizier a high government official in ancient Egypt or in Muslim countries
132 mummification a process of slowly drying a dead body to prevent it from decaying
133 hieroglyphic a picture or symbol used in a hieroglyphic system of writing
134 hieratic script simplified version of hieroglyphics used in ancient Egypt for business transactions, record keeping, and the general needs of daily life
135 major great; significant in size or importance
136 identifying believing that one is the same or very similar to another
137 physical relating to the body
138 pastoral nomad a person who domesticates animals for food and clothing and moves along regular migratory routes to provide a steady source of nourishment for those animals
139 monotheistic having one god
140 created made or brought something new into
141 domesticated adapted to life with and to the advantage of humans
142 technology the science or study of the practical or industrial arts; applied sciences
143 satrapy one of the 20 provinces into which Darius divided the Persian Empire
144 satrap protector of the Kingdom ; the governor of a province (satrapy) of the Persian Empire under Darius
145 monarchy government by a sovereign ruler such as a king or queen
146 restraint a controlling force
147 sought made an attempt; tried
148 sustained supported or held up
149 To use this Presentation Plus! product: Click the Forward button to go to the next slide. Click the Previous button to return to the previous slide. Click the Home button to return to the Chapter Menu. Click the Transparency button from the Chapter Menu, Chapter Introduction slides, or Visual Summary slides to access the transparencies that are relevant to this chapter. From within a section, click on this button to access the relevant Daily Focus Skills Transparency. Click the Return button in a feature to return to the main presentation. Click the History Online button to access online textbook features. Click the Reference Atlas button to access the Interactive Reference Atlas. Click the Exit button or press the Escape key [Esc] to end the slide show. Click the Help button to access this screen. Links to Presentation Plus! features such as Maps in Motion, Graphs in Motion, Charts in Motion, Concepts in Motion, and figures from your textbook are located at the bottom of relevant screens.
Chapter 2: First Civilizations- Africa and Asia Section 1: Section 2: Section 3: Section 4: Section 5: Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile Egyptian Civilization City-States of Ancient Sumer Invaders, Traders,
Name Unit II: The River Valley Civilizations (3500 B.C.E. 450 B.C.E.) Big Idea: During the New Stone Age, permanent settlements appeared in the river valleys and around the Fertile Crescent. River Valleys
Above: Tigris River Above: Irrigation system from the Euphrates River Major Civilizations of Mesopotamia Sumer (3500-2350 B.C.) Assyria (1800-1600 B.C) Babylonia (612-539 B.C.) Other Groups in Mesopotamia
Welcome to the Ancient Civilizations 70 s Dance Party! Ancient Civilizations 70 s Dance Party! We need 2 Big Groups and 2 small groups (The Movers & the Shakers) within the big group. Form 2 lines that
Mesopotamia, Egypt, and kush Chapter 3 Chapter 3 Section 1 Geography of the Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia Mesopotamia was part of a larger region called the Fertile Crescent. Hunter-gathers first settled
Mesopotamia and Sumer Chapter 2 Section 1 The fertile crescent is an area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the modern day middle east. For years this area was Mesopotamia, which in Greek means
6th Grade - Chapter 4 Mesopotamia Sumerians & Mesopotamian Empires Lesson 1: The Sumerians The Sumerians made important advances in areas such as farming and writing that laid the foundation for future
Lesson 1 Ancient Egypt Egyptian Geography 1) Egypt is surrounded by deserts that gave it some degree of protection. 2) The Nile River was essential! It provided water for crops, silt to enrich the soil,
ANCIENT PERIOD. RIVER CIVILIZATIONS MESOPOTAMIA. (THE LAND BETWEEN RIVERS) Mesopotamia WHEN and WHERE? Between the years 3,000 and 539 BC. The land between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris in the Persian
Contribution to Civilization Other Empires in the Ancient Near East Prof. Jayson Mutya Barlan, MPA The destruction of the Hettite kingdom and the weakening Egypt around 1200 B.C.E. allowed small city-states
Unit 2 : First Civilizations Africa and Asia Chapter: 2 Essential Questions 1) In what ways do civilizations better themselves? 2) What are possible results when civilizations come into contact with each
SARGON, the ruler of neighboring Akkad, invaded and conquered the citystates of Sumer around 2300 B.C.E. He built the first EMPIRE, known to history. An empire is several states and/or territories controlled
[ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq [ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq Learning Objectives Describe the civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia. Explain the origins and beliefs of Islam, including the significance
Ancient Egypt The Nile River The Nile River Egyptian civilization began along the Nile River the Nile is the longest river in the world (4,145 miles!) it begins in central Africa, and flows North, emptying
1. Which geographic feature was most important to the development of the early river valley civilizations? A. fertile soils B. high mountains C. vast deserts D. smooth coastlines 2. The study of culture
Mesopotamia (The Tigris & Euphrates) Egypt (The Nile River Valley) India (The Indus River) China (The Yellow River) 1 IF TIME- Introduction to the Civilization of Ancient Mesopotamia: https://youtu.be/alvndhwyhee
Objective: SW explain how Mesopotamian civilizations developed. Do First: Vocabulary Civilization advanced society with complex social, cultural, and political systems In the Neolithic Revolution, people
Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia 6.1 Introduction (p.51) The city-states of Sumer were like independent countries they often fought over land and water rights; they never united into one group; they
Chapter 2Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia Learning Objective: I can explain the achievements & rise of the empires of Mesopotamia. Sumer For 1,500 years, Sumer is a land of independent city-states.
Ancient History Review How much do you remember from 6th grade? Early Humans Early humans were hunter-gatherers. They relied on animals and plants for food. They moved constantly in search of their food.
1 City-States in Mesopotamia MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES INTERACTION WITH ENVIRONMENT The earliest civilization in Asia arose in Mesopotamia and organized into city-states. The development
History of Ancient Israel I. Beginnings A. Abraham lays the foundation for a new religion (which will become JUDAISM ) 1. lived in the Mesopotamian city of UR with his wife SARAH 2. the Mesopotamians believed
Western Asia and Egypt 3500 500 B.C. Section 1 Civilization Begins in Mesopotamia Section 2 Egyptian Civilization Section 3 New Centers of Civilization Section 4 The Rise of New Empires MAKING CONNECTIONS
AP World History Summer Assignment 2015-2016 Welcome to AP World History! You have chosen to take a college-level course that covers everything from prehistory to present day all across the globe. This
European Legal Culture» Lecturers: dr hab. Rafał Wojciechowski (firstname.lastname@example.org)» dr Mateusz Szymura (email@example.com)» Submitting papers until 18th January 2018» 8-13 pages of
Mesopotamia Mesopotamia means Between Rivers which conveniently explains is location between the Tigris and Euphrates. These functioned as natural borders within which 12 independent city-states developed.
Name: Date: Period: Lesson 6 - Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia Section 1 - Introduction Ancient Sumer flourished in Mesopotamia between 3500 and 2300 B.C.E. In this chapter, you will discover what
Who was the Pharaoh who ruled for 66 years? Who was the female Pharaoh whose reign was one of Egypt s most peaceful? What was early religion meant to explain? What was the Egyptians view of the afterlife?
Be able to locate the following on a map of the ancient world: Persian Gulf Mediterranean Sea Black Sea Indus River Tigris River Euphrates River India Huang He River Nile River Fertile Crescent Arabian
Kingdoms & Empires of the Middle East Trading Peoples: The Aramaens The Aramaens were very active in trade in the early Middle East after having settled in the area around 1200 B.C. Despite having a centralized
OWH C2 P1 CHAPTER 2: FERTILE CRESCENT Cradle of Civilization Figure 1: A map of the modern day middle east, where this chapter takes place. I. 2.1: THE LAND OF BEGINNINGS A. To begin our study of history
Interactive Reader and Study Guide Holt California Social Studies World History Ancient Civilizations Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced
Mesopotamian Civilization History Social Science Standards WH6.2 Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt,
Name: Class: Egyptian Social Structure By USHistory.org 2016 Ancient Egypt was composed of several social classes, ranging from lives lived in slavery to positions of absolute power. The following text
STUDENT WORKBOOK California Reading Essentials and Study Guide TO THESTUDENT The California Reading Essentials and Study Guide accompanies the student textbook Discovering Our Past: Ancient Civilizations.
Ancient Worlds Unit Introduction then Anu and Bel called by name me, Hammurabi, the exalted prince, who feared God, to bring about the rule of righteousness in the land, to destroy the wicked and the evil-doers,
What is the difference between a community and a civilization? Jason Allred Ivy Asbridge Skyler Asbridge Shantel Bock Hope Boswell Taylor Cowan Austin Dopp Savanna Greehalgh Nicolaus Hargett Taylee Hathaway
Section 1 The Indo-Europeans Global Studies I Chapter 3 Indo-Europeans Nomadic peoples from the Eurasian steppes Dry grasslands that stretched north of the Caucasus ( the Great Steppe ) People and Ideas
Name: Date: Ancient Civilizations 15 Questions 1. Which development most enabled early peoples to form permanent settlements? a. advances in agricultural production b. the creation of democratic government
MIDDLE EAST Middle East Climate Deserts Sahara (North Africa) & Arabian Desert Desert Landscape Sand dunes 15% of Sahara Rocky desert 85% of Sahara Areas With Freshwater Areas with Mediterranean Climate
Ancient India Section Notes Geography and Early India Origins of Hinduism Origins of Buddhism Indian Empires Indian Achievements History Close-up Life in Mohenjo Daro Quick Facts The Varnas Major Beliefs
Cultures of Persia, India, and china WH I 4a-e Vocabulary Power Imperial Bureaucracy- How Persia governed its empire- Divided empire into provinces each with its own administrator Zoroastrianism- monotheistic
BYZANTINE EMPIRE 500 A.D. 1500 A.D. Roman Empire 27 B.C. 476 A.D. Roman Empire 27 B.C. 476 A.D. BYZANTINE EMPIRE 500 A.D. 1500 A.D. BYZANTINE EMPIRE 500 A.D. 1500 A.D. Roman Empire 27 B.C. 476 A.D. Also
EARLY PEOPLES Ancient Egyptians Activity Sheet Glossary: There is a glossary on pages 60-61. Terms defined in the glossary are in bold type on their first appearance on any spread (two facing pages). Find
Unit 8: Islamic Civilization Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.8 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the Islamic civilization from about 600 to 1000 AD by a) Describing the origin, beliefs, traditions,
Mauryan, Kūshan, &Gupta Empire India Background Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan) 2 Major Cities: Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro 2 Major Rivers: Indus & Ganges River Seasonal monsoons brought water to crops
REVIEW FOR THE UNIT 2 TEST Ancient Greece Ancient Rome REVIEW FOR THE UNIT 2 TEST INSTRUCTIONS: Go through the slides and answer each question in the packet; the slide numbers are listed for each question
ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS 600-1000 A.D. ISLAM VOCAB Muhammad the Prophet- the founder of Islam Islam- monotheistic religion meaning submission Muslim- followers of Islam Mecca- holy city to Arab people located
CHAPTER 1 READING AND NOTE-TAKING Section 1 SEQUENCE EVENTS 200,000 years ago: First homo sapiens lived. 100,000 years ago: Drought conditions encourage migration from East Africa to North Africa. 70,000
5 Understand what made the ancient Israelites belief system unique from others at the time. Outline the main events in the early history of the Israelites. Analyze the moral and ethical ideas of Judaism.
I. Roman Republic Expands A. Punic Wars - A series of battles where Rome defeated Carthage (North Africa) & became the dominant power in the Mediterranean B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories
Chapter 9, Section 2 The Fall of Rome (Pages 317 326) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: Why was the Roman Empire weakened? How would our world be different today if
4 The Origins of Judaism MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES RELIGIOUS AND ETHICAL SYSTEMS The Israelites maintained monotheistic religious beliefs that were unique in the ancient world. From this
V. ASSYRIA A. Location (See Assyrian Empire map) 1. Centered on upper Tigris 2. Extended from Mediterranean Sea to Persian Gulf 3. Reached greatest geographical extent during life time of Isaiah (c.700
DBQ 1.: ACHIEVEMENTS OF ANCIENT CIVIIZATIONS Historical Context Early civilizations arose in the river valleys of Mesopotamia, EWpt, China, and India. These earliest civilizations made important and lasting
Islam Outcome: Islamic Empires 1 Constructive Response Question 3.Generalize who were the Ottomans, Mughals, and Safavids? 2 What will we learn? 1.Islamic culture 2.The Ottoman Empire 3.The Mughals 4.The
Name Period Date Judaism: The Early Hebrews** Between 2000BCE and 1500BCE a new group appears in Southwest Asia o Called Hebrews o Simple Herders and Desert Nomads They develop a culture that eventually
Page 1 of 6 4 The Origins of Judaism MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES RELIGIOUS AND ETHICAL SYSTEMS The Hebrews maintained monotheistic religious beliefs that were unique in the ancient world.
Chapter 18 The Mongols Unify Eurasia p243 China Under the Song Dynasty, 960-1279 Most advanced civilization in the world Extensive urbanization Iron and Steel Manufacturing Technical innovations Printing
Séquence II : MESOPOTAMIA Sequence II : Mesopotamia Reading comprehension: Pronunciation Word building Mastery of Language Writing Mesopotamia MESOPOTAMIA Mesopotamia is now known as the country of Iraq.
Chapter 12 Learning About World Religions: Judaism What are the central teachings of Judaism, and why did they survive to modern day? 1. Introduction This boy reads from the Torah during his bar mitzvah,
Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors Constantinople Survived because it was far away from the Germanic tribe invasions It was the
Ancient Mesopotamia & Persia Overview Neolithic Revoloution When humans first gave up the uncertainties of hunter/gatherer life for farming and herding Outline of Civilations in Power Sumerians 3500-2332BCE
Name Period Date Ancient India Summary Guide Be able to spell and define the following key concept terms: Subcontinent: a large landmass, usually partially separated by land forms, that is smaller than
EXTERNAL INFLUENCES ON ARAB ACHIEVEMENTS Robert Milton Underwood, Jr. 2009 Underwood 1 EXTERNAL INFLUENCES ON ARAB ACHIEVEMENTS Arab culture has very rich traditions that have developed over centuries.
World History Unit 3 Contd. Post Classical Asia and Beyond Essential Questions What were the major civilizations of Asia in the post-classical era? What were the effects of the Mongol invasions? What were
THE MONGOLS Nomads of the Asian Steppe Steppe = a vast belt of dry grassland across Eurasia Provided a land trade route Home to nomads who swept into cities to plunder, loot & conquer Pastoralists = herded
Copyright 2014 History Gal. Israelites Location: It includes what modern day countries? Why do we know so much about the Israelites? What made the Israelites different from other ancient civilizations?
Indian Empires: Mauryan and Gupta After a civilization falls, what impact does it have on history? How do belief systems unite or divide people? Geography Deccan Plateau, dry, sparsely populated Mountains
Intro to Greece: The Rise of Democracy I. The Geography of Greece A. Two defining features 1. 2. Water ( ) B. Results 1. Difficult travel 2. farming 3. Heavy reliance on fishing and 4.! II. City States
Sixth Grade Social Studies Essential Facts to Review 1. Geography is the study of the physical features of the earth (its landforms) and its atmosphere. Geography includes the human activity as it affects
Chap. 9 Lesson 2 Intro: Starting in about 500 B.C., the Romans began extending their rule throughout the Italian Peninsula. The Romans fought many wars against neighboring cultures. With each victory the
Who are the Vikings? Vikings, Slavs, Byzantines and the Development of Russia Who are the Slavs? VIKINGS NOTES ON RUSSIA SLAVS Kiev BYZANTINE EMPIRE Who are the Byzantines? THE SLAVS Who are the Slavs?
Section 1: The Early Hebrews 1. Summarize the Beginnings in Canaan and Egypt: 2. Who led the Hebrews out of Mesopotamia? 3. After they lived in Canaan, where did they live? 4. Why was the pharaoh worried
The Islamic World and Africa Chapter 9 Rise of Islam Due to warfare between the Byzantine and Persian empires trade land routes were changed. Sea routes were now used, connecting India with Arabian Peninsula
A wall relief from an Assyrian palace of the eighth century B.C.E. depicts Gilgamesh as a heroic figure holding a lion. Page 25 The Quest for Order o Mesopotamia: The Land between the Rivers o The Course
Indian Empires: Mauryan and Gupta After a civilization falls, what impact does it have on history? How do belief systems unite or divide people? Geography Deccan Plateau, dry, sparsely populated Mountains