Contribution to Civilization Other Empires in the Ancient Near East. Prof. Jayson Mutya Barlan, MPA

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Contribution to Civilization Other Empires in the Ancient Near East. Prof. Jayson Mutya Barlan, MPA"

Transcription

1 Contribution to Civilization Other Empires in the Ancient Near East Prof. Jayson Mutya Barlan, MPA

2 The destruction of the Hettite kingdom and the weakening Egypt around 1200 B.C.E. allowed small city-states to emerge.! The nation of Israel was minor factor in politics but their spiritual heritage -- the Judeo-Christian values -- is one of the basic pillars of Western Civilization.

3 Focus Questions How did the Israelites establish a united state, and what became of it?! In what ways the Jewish faith unique in the ancient Near East, and how did it evolve over time?

4 The Hebrews: "The Children of Israel" 01

5 Hebrews were a Semitic-speaking people! Origins and history were part of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament)! They described themselves as nomads organized into clans and were descendants of the patriarch Abraham! They migrated from Mesopotamia to Canaan and were identified as the Children of Israel

6 According to tradition, a drought in Canaan caused many Hebrews to migrate to Egypt until they were enslaved by pharaohs who used them as laborers until Moses led his people out of Egypt (Exodus)! They emerged as a distinct group of people, organized intro tribes, or league of tribes, who established a united kingdom known as Israel.

7 The United Kingdom (Israel) Saul was the first king of the Israelites ( B.C.E.)! Initially achieved success in the struggle with the Philistines but after Saul's death, a period of anarchy ensued.! David (Saul's lieutenant) reunited the Israelites, defeated Philistines, and established control over Canaan ( B.C.E.)

8 David made Jerusalem the capital of a united kingdom! He centralized Israel's political organization and accelerated the integration of the Israelites into a settled community based on farming and urban life.! Solomon, David's son ( B.C.E.) strengthened royal power, expanded political and military establishments, and extended trading activities! Solomon was known for his building projects -- temple in Jerusalem, symbolic center of their religion! The temple now house the Ark of the Covenant, a holy chest containing sacred relics, and viewed as the throne of the invisible. God of Israel

9 The Divided Kingdom Tensions broke between the northern and southern tribes in Israel after Solomon's death! Two separate kingdoms were established -- the Kingdom of Israel (10 northern tribes) with its capital in Samaria and the Southern Kingdom of Judah (two tribes) with its capital in Jerusalem

10 The Northern Kingdom of Israel Under King Ahab ( B.C.E.)! The kingdom joined small Syrian states! Its power declined after the reign of King Ahab! By the end of 9th Century, was forced to pay tribute to Assyria and Israel was destroyed! Assyrians overran the kingdom, destroyed its capital, and deported Israelites to other parts of the Assyrian Empire

11 Southern Kingdom of Judah Was also forced to pay tribute to Assyria but survived as an independent state, Assyrian power declined! Chaldeans demolished Assyria under King Nebuchadnezzer II, conquered Judah and destroyed. Jerusalem in 586 B.C.E.! Upper-class people from Judah were deported to Babylonia

12 Persians came and destructed Chaldean kingdom and people of Judah were allowed to return to Jerusalem and rebuilt their city and temple! Judah remained under Persian control until the conquests of Alexander the. Great! People Judah came to be knows as Jews and Judaism (Yahweh, the Israelite God) became their religion

13 Spiritual Dimensions of Israel Israelites worshipped many gods and Yahweh wasthe chief god! Among the Babylonian exiles in the 6th century B.C.E., Yahweh was seen as the ONLY God.! When the exiles returned to Judah, monotheism came to be the major tenet of Judaism.

14 The Neighbors of the Israelites Philistines also lived in Canaan and established five towns on the coastal plain of the region! They were farmers! They came into conflict with the Israelites

15 The Phoenicians had resided in Canaan as well! They resided along the Mediterranean coast on a narrow band of land 120 miles long! They had major cities: Byblos, Tyre, and Sidon! They produced number of goods for foreign markets! They improved their ships and became great international sea traders

16 They charted new routes, not just in the Mediterranean but also in the Atlantic Ocean! They established a number of colonies: settlements in Southern Spain, Sicily, and Sardinia; Carthage in the. North African coast! They are best known as transmitters; simplified their writing by using 22 different signs to represent sounds of their speech. It was passed on to the Greeks, and from the Greek was derived the Roman alphabet that we still use today.

17 Phoenicians achieved much while independent but later fell subject to the Assyrians, Chaldeans, and Persians

18 The Assyrian Empire

19 Assyrians were Semitic-speaking people! For much of their history, they were vassals of foreign rulers: Sargon of Akkad, the Third Dynasty of Ur, and Hammurabi of Babylonia! From B.C.E., the Hurrian Kingdom of Mitanni dominated them until Hittite destroyed Mitanni! Tiglath-Pileser I ( B.C.E.), a brutal conqueror reasserted Assyrian power

20 Assyrians were unable to maintain its strength after Tiglath-Pileser's death! Shalmaneser ( B.C.E.) expanded the empire westward into Canaan and southward into Babylonia! Continuous warfare did not end until the reigns of Tiglath-Pileser III ( B.C.E.) and Sargon II ( B.C.E.)! They waged military campaigns every year and reestablished control over Mesopotamia and subdued Canaan.

21 Their conquered territories were incorporated into the Assyrian empire as provinces.! Tiglath-Piliser III and Sargon II both centralized the system of government and increased the power of the King! By 700 B.C.E. Assyrian Empire had reached the height of power and included Mesopotamia, sections of Asia Minor, Syria, Canaan, and Egypt up to Thebes

22 Ashurbanipal ( B.C.E.) was one of the strongest rulers! During his reign, it was apparent that the empire was greatly overextended.! People resented the Assyrian rule especially Babylonians when rulers sacked the city of Babylon in 689 B.C.E.; people rebelled and the empire began to disintegrate.! The capital city of Nineveh fell to a coalition of Chaldeans and Medes and the Neo-Babylonian Empire took over.

23 Organization of the Empire Ruled by kings (power was absolute)! Local officials are directly responsible to the king! Kings have control over the resources! Developed an efficient system of communication! Developed effective military leaders and fighters

24 Assyrian Society and Culture Ethnic differences was not important to them! Population was racially and linguistically mixed! Religion was a cohesive force; it was "the land of Ashur" (chief god)! Agriculture was the principal basis of life (land of farming villages)! Trade was second to agriculture

25 Metals such as gold, silver, copper, and bronze were used as a medium of exchange as well as agricultural products! They participated in international trade (imported timber, wine, and precious metals and exported textiles)! Culture was hybrid (assimilated Mesopotamian civilization)! Arts and sculptures

26 The Neo-Babylonian Empire Chaldean king Nabipolassar ( B.C.E.) established the new Babylonian monarchy! His son Nebuchadnezzar II defeated the Assyrian Empire ( B.C.E)! He defeated Egypt, controlled Syria and Canaan, destroyed Jerusalem and regained Babylonia! Babylonia became the leading power in the Ancient Near East

27 Babylonia was renowned for prosperity based on agricultural lands, lucrative trade routes, and industries such as textiles and metals! Babylon was surrounded by towering walls, 8 miles in length; adorned with temples and palaces, and hanging gardens (Seven Wonders of the Ancient World)

28 The Persian Empire Persians were Indo-European speaking people! Persians lived to the souteast of the Medes! Nomadic and were organized in clans! Led by petty kings assisted by group of warriors and nobles with both free and unfree people

29 Cyrus the Great Cyrus was the leader of the Persians (559 B.C.E.)! Established control over Media (Medes)! He defeated Lydian kingdom in western Asia Minor! He conquered Greek city-states; subdued the eastern part of the Iranian plateau and western India! He captured Babylon in 539 B.C.E.

30 Titles of Cyrus King of All! Great King! Mighty King! King of Babylon! King of the Land of Sumer and Akkad! King of the Four Rims

31 Cyrus consolidated his empire from B.C.E.! In 530 B.C.E. he marched from Sogdia into the territory of the Massagetae where he was killed on battle! After his death, his son Cambyses II assumed power as the Great King! He invaded Egypt, the only kingdom not yet under Persian control aided by the Phoenician fleet! In 525 B.C.E., he took title of pharaoh

32 Cambyses died in 522 and was succeeded by Darius and emerged as Great King! Darius codified Egyptian law! He built a canal to link the Red Sea and the Mediterranean! Extended the Persian province to the Indus river! He moved to Europe and invaded the Greek mainland

33 Governing the Empire Under Darius, Persians had created the largest empire in the world! The empire was divided into 20 satrapies (provinces)! Each satrapies was ruled by a satrap (governor)! Created a sensible system for calculating the tribute! Created an efficient system of communication! Developed well-maintained roads

SARGON, the ruler of neighboring Akkad, invaded and conquered the citystates of Sumer around 2300 B.C.E.

SARGON, the ruler of neighboring Akkad, invaded and conquered the citystates of Sumer around 2300 B.C.E. SARGON, the ruler of neighboring Akkad, invaded and conquered the citystates of Sumer around 2300 B.C.E. He built the first EMPIRE, known to history. An empire is several states and/or territories controlled

More information

10/2/2017. Chapter Three Kingdoms and Empires in the Middle East. Biblical References? Historic References?

10/2/2017. Chapter Three Kingdoms and Empires in the Middle East. Biblical References? Historic References? Chapter Three Kingdoms and Empires in the Middle East 1 Biblical References? Historic References? Trading Empires of the Ancient Middle East Aramaeans Damascus, Syria Rich Overland Trade Aramaic Language

More information

Peoples in the Eastern Mediterranean WORLD HISTORY

Peoples in the Eastern Mediterranean WORLD HISTORY Peoples in the Eastern Mediterranean WORLD HISTORY Early Nomadic Peoples Early nomadic peoples relied on hunting and gathering, herding, and sometimes farming for survival. Pastoral nomads carried goods

More information

New Centers of Civilization C H A P T E R 3 S E C T I O N 3

New Centers of Civilization C H A P T E R 3 S E C T I O N 3 New Centers of Civilization C H A P T E R 3 S E C T I O N 3 The Role of Nomadic Peoples In the area of a civilization flourished around 4,000 years ago. On the edges of this civilization were, who occasionally

More information

ANCIENT WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 2: THE FIRST CIVILIZATIONS

ANCIENT WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 2: THE FIRST CIVILIZATIONS ANCIENT WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 2: THE FIRST CIVILIZATIONS 1 SECTION 1: ANCIENT KINGDOMS OF THE NILE The Origins of Egypt and its people resides in the Nile River Valley. A river that spans 4000 miles and

More information

Kingdoms & Empires of the Middle East

Kingdoms & Empires of the Middle East Kingdoms & Empires of the Middle East Trading Peoples: The Aramaens The Aramaens were very active in trade in the early Middle East after having settled in the area around 1200 B.C. Despite having a centralized

More information

Ancient River Valley Civilizations

Ancient River Valley Civilizations Ancient River Valley Civilizations Permanent Settlements During the New Stone Age, permanent settlements appeared in river valleys and around the Fertile Crescent. River valleys provided rich soil for

More information

Chapter 2. Early Societies in Southwest Asia and the Indo-European Migrations. 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter 2. Early Societies in Southwest Asia and the Indo-European Migrations. 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Chapter 2 Early Societies in Southwest Asia and the Indo-European Migrations 1 Civilization Defined Urban Political/military system Social stratification Economic specialization Religion Communications

More information

The Ancient Hebrews. The Origins and Struggles to Preserve Ancient Judaism

The Ancient Hebrews. The Origins and Struggles to Preserve Ancient Judaism The Ancient Hebrews The Origins and Struggles to Preserve Ancient Judaism Judaism Moses was the main founder of Judaism. Jews believe that Torah was revealed by God to Moses on Mount Sinai over 3,000 years

More information

Text 2: The Ancient Israelites. Topic 2: The Ancient Middle East and Egypt Lesson 3: The Hebrews and the Origins of Judaism

Text 2: The Ancient Israelites. Topic 2: The Ancient Middle East and Egypt Lesson 3: The Hebrews and the Origins of Judaism Text 2: The Ancient Israelites Topic 2: The Ancient Middle East and Egypt Lesson 3: The Hebrews and the Origins of Judaism The Ancient Israelites Abraham is considered the father of the Israelites and

More information

2014 History Gal. All rights reserved.

2014 History Gal. All rights reserved. Copyright 2014 History Gal. Israelites Location: It includes what modern day countries? Why do we know so much about the Israelites? What made the Israelites different from other ancient civilizations?

More information

Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia

Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia 6.1 Introduction (p.51) The city-states of Sumer were like independent countries they often fought over land and water rights; they never united into one group; they

More information

DIRECTIONS: 1. Color the title 2. Color the three backgrounds 3. Use your textbook to discover the pictures; Color once you can identify them

DIRECTIONS: 1. Color the title 2. Color the three backgrounds 3. Use your textbook to discover the pictures; Color once you can identify them DIRECTIONS: 1. Color the title 2. Color the three backgrounds 3. Use your textbook to discover the pictures; Color once you can identify them DIRECTIONS: Use the maps located on pages 33 59 to complete

More information

Chapter 2: First Civilizations- Africa and Asia

Chapter 2: First Civilizations- Africa and Asia Chapter 2: First Civilizations- Africa and Asia Section 1: Section 2: Section 3: Section 4: Section 5: Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile Egyptian Civilization City-States of Ancient Sumer Invaders, Traders,

More information

History of Ancient Israel

History of Ancient Israel History of Ancient Israel I. Beginnings A. Abraham lays the foundation for a new religion (which will become JUDAISM ) 1. lived in the Mesopotamian city of UR with his wife SARAH 2. the Mesopotamians believed

More information

The Richest City in the World

The Richest City in the World In the first Instruction in this Lesson, we told you about the earliest civilization in Mesopotamia. Sumeria. As you remember, Mesopotamia means "land between two rivers." The rivers were The Tigris and

More information

Lesson Two: Mesopotamian Religion, Society, and Rulers Engage

Lesson Two: Mesopotamian Religion, Society, and Rulers Engage Name: Lesson Two: Mesopotamian Religion, Society, and Rulers 6.11 Explain the significance of polytheism (the belief that there are many gods) as the religious belief of the people in Mesopotamian civilizations.

More information

Chapter 2 Outline. Section 1: Mesopotamia. Section 2: Egypt

Chapter 2 Outline. Section 1: Mesopotamia. Section 2: Egypt Section 1: Mesopotamia Chapter 2 Outline - Mesopotamia: land between the - by : Sumerian culture established I. Sumerian Civilization - temple was the center of,,, and - ruler, usually a A. Cuneiform 1.

More information

The Cosmopolitan Middle East, BCE

The Cosmopolitan Middle East, BCE Chapter 2: The Mediterranean and Middle East, 2000-500 BCE Why are ancient people s historically inaccurate stories important? Ancient Carthage occupied present day What transition begins in 1000 BCE:

More information

Mesopotamia. Objective: To have students acquire knowledge about Mesopotamian civilizations

Mesopotamia. Objective: To have students acquire knowledge about Mesopotamian civilizations Mesopotamia Objective: To have students acquire knowledge about Mesopotamian civilizations River Valleys Two important rivers that were important to the daily lives of the Mesopotamian civilizations: The

More information

irrigation hieroglyphics Rosetta Stone onto land) by creating systems of. surrounded by. help communicate and record (write about) history.

irrigation hieroglyphics Rosetta Stone onto land) by creating systems of. surrounded by. help communicate and record (write about) history. CHAPTER 2 Daily Quiz 2.1 (pp. 20 25) The First Civilizations FILL IN THE BLANK For each of the following statements, fill in the blank with the correct word, phrase, or name. (An example has been completed

More information

Judaism First of the Abrahamic Faiths

Judaism First of the Abrahamic Faiths Judaism First of the Abrahamic Faiths Judaism Explained: Religions in Global History Watch Video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pwskz2xto4y Quick Summary of most of the Powerpoint if need recap Abraham

More information

Chapter 2 Lesson 2 Peoples in the Eastern Mediterranean

Chapter 2 Lesson 2 Peoples in the Eastern Mediterranean Chapter 2 Lesson 2 Peoples in the Eastern Mediterranean Pastoral Nomads Nomadic peoples who lived in the areas surrounding the great civilizations of the ancient Middle East. They domesticated animals

More information

Mesopotamian civilizations formed on the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is today Iraq and Kuwait.

Mesopotamian civilizations formed on the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is today Iraq and Kuwait. Ancient Mesopotamian civilizations Google Classroom Facebook Twitter Email Overview Mesopotamian civilizations formed on the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is today Iraq and Kuwait. Early

More information

Words to Know. 1) Famine a time of extreme hunger where crops are not growing usually due to weather conditions or warfare

Words to Know. 1) Famine a time of extreme hunger where crops are not growing usually due to weather conditions or warfare Ancient Israel Words to Know 1) Famine a time of extreme hunger where crops are not growing usually due to weather conditions or warfare 2) Covenant an agreement between two parties 3) Tribe group of related

More information

Assessment: Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia

Assessment: Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia Name Date Assessment: Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia Mastering the Content Select the letter next to the best answer. 1. What was a problem caused by Sumerian city-states independence from one another?

More information

Historical Overview. Ancient Israel is the birthplace of the 3 great monotheistic religions of the world: Judaism, Christianity and Islam

Historical Overview. Ancient Israel is the birthplace of the 3 great monotheistic religions of the world: Judaism, Christianity and Islam Ancient Israel Historical Overview Ancient Israel is the birthplace of the 3 great monotheistic religions of the world: Judaism, Christianity and Islam Ancient Israel dates back approximately 4000 years

More information

Unit 2 Reading Guide: Ancient Egypt & Judaism

Unit 2 Reading Guide: Ancient Egypt & Judaism Name: Hour Unit 2 Reading Guide: Ancient Egypt & Judaism Chapter 2: Early River Valley Civilizations Section 1: Pyramids on the Nile (p. 35) The Geography of Egypt 1. Describe the 3 unique aspects of the

More information

Section 1 The Indo-Europeans. Global Studies I Chapter 3. Indo-European Language Family. Migrations. Hittite Empire. Hittites

Section 1 The Indo-Europeans. Global Studies I Chapter 3. Indo-European Language Family. Migrations. Hittite Empire. Hittites Section 1 The Indo-Europeans Global Studies I Chapter 3 Indo-Europeans Nomadic peoples from the Eurasian steppes Dry grasslands that stretched north of the Caucasus ( the Great Steppe ) People and Ideas

More information

Chapter 3. People and Ideas on the Move 3500 B.C. 259 B.C.

Chapter 3. People and Ideas on the Move 3500 B.C. 259 B.C. Chapter 3 People and Ideas on the Move 3500 B.C. 259 B.C. Time Line 2000 B.C. Hittites migrate to Anatolia. 1100 B.C. Phoenicians begin to dominate Mediterranean trade. 259 B.C. 3500 B.C. 1500 B.C. Aryans

More information

The First Israelites

The First Israelites Chapter 3, Section 1 The First Israelites (Pages 200 205) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: What did the Israelites believe? Where was the Promised Land of the Israelites,

More information

Bullae Akkadian Empire 2350-2160 BC Spoke Semitic Akkadian Akkadian Empire: Rise of Sargon of Agade Migrated from the west, north, and east Rise of Sargon the Great Many legendary stories Probably a

More information

World History Topic 2 Reading Guide Ancient Middle East and Egypt

World History Topic 2 Reading Guide Ancient Middle East and Egypt 1 World History Topic 2 Reading Guide Ancient Middle East and Egypt Lesson 1: A Civilization Emerges in Sumer Key Terms Write each term in your own words Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia Sumer The Epic of

More information

Connections: A World History (Judge/Langdon) Chapter 2 Early Societies of West Asia and North Africa, to 500 B.C.E.

Connections: A World History (Judge/Langdon) Chapter 2 Early Societies of West Asia and North Africa, to 500 B.C.E. Connections: A World History (Judge/Langdon) Chapter 2 Early Societies of West Asia and North Africa, to 500 B.C.E. 2.1 Multiple-Choice Questions 1) What geographical conditions contributed to the rise

More information

Bible Geography I V. ASSYRIA. A. Location (See Assyrian Empire map)

Bible Geography I V. ASSYRIA. A. Location (See Assyrian Empire map) V. ASSYRIA A. Location (See Assyrian Empire map) 1. Centered on upper Tigris 2. Extended from Mediterranean Sea to Persian Gulf 3. Reached greatest geographical extent during life time of Isaiah (c.700

More information

Lesson Two: Israel s Rise and Fall

Lesson Two: Israel s Rise and Fall DUE 01/25/19 Name: Lesson Two: Israel s Rise and Fall 6.42 Describe the unification of the tribes of Israel under Kings Saul, David, and Solomon, including David s founding of Jerusalem as his capital

More information

Review Questions 1. How did geography help Sumer to develop?

Review Questions 1. How did geography help Sumer to develop? Focus Question: What were the characteristics of the world s first civilization? As you read this section in your textbook, complete the concept web below to identify the main ideas about the city-states

More information

8. The word Semitic refers to A. a theocratic governmental form. B. a language type. C. a monotheistic belief system. D. a violent northern society

8. The word Semitic refers to A. a theocratic governmental form. B. a language type. C. a monotheistic belief system. D. a violent northern society 02 Student: 1. Gilgamesh was associated with what city? A. Jerusalem. B. Kish. C. Uruk. D. Lagash. E. Ur. 2. Enkidu was A. the Sumerian god of wisdom. B. a leading Sumerian city-state. C. the most powerful

More information

Chapter 2. The First Complex Societies in the Eastern Mediterranean, ca B.C.E.

Chapter 2. The First Complex Societies in the Eastern Mediterranean, ca B.C.E. Chapter 2 The First Complex Societies in the Eastern Mediterranean, ca. 4000-550 B.C.E. p26 p27 The Emergence of Complex Society in Mesopotamia, ca. 3100 1590 b.c.e. City Life in Ancient Mesopotamia Settlers

More information

CHAPTER 7: JUDAISM AND HEBREWS PART 1: THE EARLY HEBREWS

CHAPTER 7: JUDAISM AND HEBREWS PART 1: THE EARLY HEBREWS CHAPTER 7: JUDAISM AND HEBREWS PART 1: THE EARLY HEBREWS OBJECTIVES EXPLAIN WHO ABRAHAM AND MOSES WERE AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE ANALYZE FEATURES IN THE TEXT TO FURTHER YOUR UNDERSTANDING OF MAPS, SETTLEMENT,

More information

World History: Patterns of Interaction. People and Ideas on the Move, 2000 B.C. 250 B.C.

World History: Patterns of Interaction. People and Ideas on the Move, 2000 B.C. 250 B.C. People and Ideas on the Move, 2000 B.C. 250 B.C. Migrations by Indo-Europeans led to major changes in trade and language as well as to the foundations of three religions: Hinduism, Buddhism and Judaism.

More information

1. STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES OF MESOPOTAMIA AND THE SURROUNDING MIDDLE EAST

1. STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES OF MESOPOTAMIA AND THE SURROUNDING MIDDLE EAST SOUTHWESTERN CHRISTIAN SCHOOL WORLD HISTORY STUDY GUIDE # 6 : ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA, PHOENICIA, AND JUDAISM 3,000 BC 200 BC LEARNING OBJECTIVES STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES

More information

Use the chart below to take notes on where each group migrated and on the features of its culture. Indo-Europeans

Use the chart below to take notes on where each group migrated and on the features of its culture. Indo-Europeans Name CHAPTER 3 Section 1 (pages 61 65) The Indo-Europeans BEFORE YOU READ In the last chapter, you read about peoples who built civilizations in the great river valleys. In this section, you will learn

More information

Ancient Egypt & Judaism

Ancient Egypt & Judaism Ancient Egypt & Judaism Outcome: The Origin of Judaism 1 Constructive Response Question 5. Trace the origin of Judaism and describe its core beliefs. 2 What will we learn? 1. Origin of Judaism 2. Moses

More information

Chapter 4, Lesson 1 Mesopotamian Empires

Chapter 4, Lesson 1 Mesopotamian Empires Chapter 4, Lesson 1 Mesopotamian Empires TERMS AND NAMES Terms Definition Importance empire emperor Fertile Crescent Hammurabi code of law MAIN IDEAS 1. Who controlled Mesopotamia? Sargon, King of Akkadian

More information

Old Testament History

Old Testament History Lesson 11 1 Old Testament History The Divided Kingdom Lesson 11 Background: Introduction: Intrigue and assassinations ruled the day in the northern kingdom of Israel. Hoshea, the last king of Israel (732-722

More information

Early Civilizations UNIT 1

Early Civilizations UNIT 1 Early Civilizations UNIT 1 Unit 1 - Outline Birth of Civilizations Mesopotamian Civilizations Ancient Egypt Civilizations of Early India Early Chinese Civilization Mediterranean World Birth of Civilizations

More information

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.

Indicate whether the statement is true or false. Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 1. The Zealots were the most aggressive of the Jewish groups in dealing with the Romans. 2. The Israelite prophets urged people to make the world a better

More information

Hebrews believed in one god b/c:

Hebrews believed in one god b/c: Monotheism Definition: Belief in a single god Hebrews believed in one god b/c: Believed Abraham had made a covenant with God, where Abraham and his descendants promised to obey God in return for God s

More information

Who was the Pharaoh who ruled for 66 years? Who was the female Pharaoh whose reign was one of Egypt s most peaceful? What was early religion meant to

Who was the Pharaoh who ruled for 66 years? Who was the female Pharaoh whose reign was one of Egypt s most peaceful? What was early religion meant to Who was the Pharaoh who ruled for 66 years? Who was the female Pharaoh whose reign was one of Egypt s most peaceful? What was early religion meant to explain? What was the Egyptians view of the afterlife?

More information

Chapter Introduction Section 1: Civilization Begins in Mesopotamia Section 2: Egyptian Civilization Section 3: New Centers of Civilization Section 4:

Chapter Introduction Section 1: Civilization Begins in Mesopotamia Section 2: Egyptian Civilization Section 3: New Centers of Civilization Section 4: Chapter Introduction Section 1: Civilization Begins in Mesopotamia Section 2: Egyptian Civilization Section 3: New Centers of Civilization Section 4: The Rise of New Empires Visual Summary How does progress

More information

World History (Survey) Chapter 1: People and Ideas on the Move, 3500 B.C. 259 B.C.

World History (Survey) Chapter 1: People and Ideas on the Move, 3500 B.C. 259 B.C. World History (Survey) Chapter 1: People and Ideas on the Move, 3500 B.C. 259 B.C. Section 1: Indo-European Migrations While some peoples built civilizations in the great river valleys, others lived on

More information

Origins of Judaism. By Ramez Naguib and Marwan Fawzy

Origins of Judaism. By Ramez Naguib and Marwan Fawzy Origins of Judaism By Ramez Naguib and Marwan Fawzy Introduction https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hyeaacpgaha The Patriarch of the Covenant- Abraham. Around 2000 BCE, Abraham received a vision from god

More information

UNIT 1: ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS The Cradle of Civilization

UNIT 1: ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS The Cradle of Civilization I. Mesopotamia A. Geography B. Sumeria UNIT 1: ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS The Cradle of Civilization 1. is at the eastern end of the, an arc of good farm land from the Sea to the 2. Mesopotamia is the valley

More information

The Nile Valley. Chapter 2, Section 1. Irrigation. (Pages 38-46)

The Nile Valley. Chapter 2, Section 1. Irrigation. (Pages 38-46) Chapter 2, Section 1 The Nile Valley (Pages 38-46) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: Why did the early Egyptians settle in the Nile River valley? What role did the

More information

Conquest and Settlement in Canaan

Conquest and Settlement in Canaan Mediterranean Jarmuth Lachish 3 Tyre Megiddo CANAAN PHOENICIA of Gilgal Ai Plains of Moab Juttah Eshtemoa 4 2 1 Kir-hareseth ARAM Conquest and Settlement in Canaan Conquest and Settlement in Canaan (1400-1375

More information

Unit 1 Foundations of Civilization

Unit 1 Foundations of Civilization Unit 1 Foundations of Civilization Questions to Ponder 1. How did the development of agriculture lead to the development of civilization? 2. How does geography and climate impact the development of civilization?

More information

Chapter II: The Spread of Civilization p. 23

Chapter II: The Spread of Civilization p. 23 FOCUS SHEET - Name Chapter II: The Spread of Civilization p. 23 As you read, be thinking about how geography affected the development of civilization. ALSO think about how civilizations affected each other.

More information

The Principles of Judaism

The Principles of Judaism The Principles of Judaism The Israelites were a group of Semiticspeaking people. Their religion of Judaism would influence the later religions of Christianity and Islam. The Jews of ancient history were

More information

Study Guide Chapter 4 Mesopotamia

Study Guide Chapter 4 Mesopotamia Study Guide Chapter 4 Mesopotamia 1) silt: fine particles of fertile soil 2) irrigation: a system that supplies dry land with water through ditches, pipes, or streams Key Vocabulary Terms: 11) tribute:

More information

World History and the Bible Test Chapter st great empire builder of Assyrian recovery

World History and the Bible Test Chapter st great empire builder of Assyrian recovery World History and the Bible Test Chapter 4 Name 1. Match the word to the definition, place the correct number on the blank: 679 BC Mitanni Suppiluliumas Tiglath-Pileser I Manasseh Shalmaneser III Nahum

More information

I. ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA

I. ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA I. ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA II. FINAL VERSION 2 Kings 24:7 And the king of Egypt did not come again out of his land, for the king of Babylon had taken all that belonged to the king of Egypt from the Brook of

More information

The First Civilizations

The First Civilizations CHAPTER 2 Main Idea Activities 2.4 (pp. 35 40) The First Civilizations VOCABULARY Some terms to understand: related languages (35): languages that share an original source (come from the same place) to

More information

Introduction Background

Introduction Background Introduction Background Isaiah Study David Ingrassia Chronology Date BC 785 780 775 770 765 760 755 750 745 740 735 730 725 720 715 710 705 700 695 690 685 680 Kings of Judah 1 Uzziah (785-742) Jotham

More information

Chapter 2 Section 1 WHH The Impact of Geography Mesopotamia is at the eastern end of the Fertile Crescent, an arc of land from the Mediterranean Sea

Chapter 2 Section 1 WHH The Impact of Geography Mesopotamia is at the eastern end of the Fertile Crescent, an arc of land from the Mediterranean Sea Chapter 2 Section 1 WHH The Impact of Geography Mesopotamia is at the eastern end of the Fertile Crescent, an arc of land from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. Mesopotamia ( between the rivers

More information

netw rks Where in the world? When did it happen? The Israelites Lesson 1 Beginnings ESSENTIAL QUESTION Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS

netw rks Where in the world? When did it happen? The Israelites Lesson 1 Beginnings ESSENTIAL QUESTION Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS Lesson 1 Beginnings ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do religions develop? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. What did the ancient Israelites believe? 2. How did the Israelites settle Canaan? Where in the world? Terms to Know

More information

Fourth Division of History

Fourth Division of History Fourth Division of History 1. Pre-Patriarchal Period (3800-2000 B.C.) 2. Patriarchal Period (2000-1800 B.C.) 3. Egyptian Sojourn (1800-1400 B.C.) 4. Exodus and Settlement of the Land (1400-1050 B.C.) Ever-Widening

More information

HISTORY 303: HANDOUT 3: THE LEVANT Dr. Robert L. Cleve

HISTORY 303: HANDOUT 3: THE LEVANT Dr. Robert L. Cleve : THE LEVANT Dr. Robert L. Cleve TERMS #6 THE LEVANT Levant: Syria-Palestine-Lebanon area. Hittites: Indo-European civilization of Asia Minor, c. 2000 1200 B.C. Anatolia = Asia Minor (modern Turkey). Hattusas:

More information

Rise of the Persian Empire. Topic 2: The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.E B.C.E.) Lesson 2: Empires in Mesopotamia

Rise of the Persian Empire. Topic 2: The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.E B.C.E.) Lesson 2: Empires in Mesopotamia Rise of the Persian Empire Topic 2: The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.E. - 500 B.C.E.) Lesson 2: Empires in Mesopotamia Rise of the Persian Empire 539 B.C.E., Babylon fell to the Persian armies

More information

Vocabulary Words warfare decree territory relief scribe

Vocabulary Words warfare decree territory relief scribe Later Empires Vocabulary Words warfare decree territory relief scribe warfare warfare: Military activity taken by one nation to weaken or destroy another nation. decree decree: an official decision or

More information

Judaism: The Early Hebrews**

Judaism: The Early Hebrews** Name Period Date Judaism: The Early Hebrews** Between 2000BCE and 1500BCE a new group appears in Southwest Asia o Called Hebrews o Simple Herders and Desert Nomads They develop a culture that eventually

More information

6th Grade - Chapter 4 Mesopotamia. Sumerians & Mesopotamian Empires

6th Grade - Chapter 4 Mesopotamia. Sumerians & Mesopotamian Empires 6th Grade - Chapter 4 Mesopotamia Sumerians & Mesopotamian Empires Lesson 1: The Sumerians The Sumerians made important advances in areas such as farming and writing that laid the foundation for future

More information

The Origins of Judaism

The Origins of Judaism 4 The Origins of Judaism MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES RELIGIOUS AND ETHICAL SYSTEMS The Israelites maintained monotheistic religious beliefs that were unique in the ancient world. From this

More information

A. In western ASIA; area currently known as IRAQ B.Two Major Rivers in the Fertile Crescent 1. TIGRIS &EUPHRATES Rivers flow >1,000 miles

A. In western ASIA; area currently known as IRAQ B.Two Major Rivers in the Fertile Crescent 1. TIGRIS &EUPHRATES Rivers flow >1,000 miles A. In western ASIA; area currently known as IRAQ B.Two Major Rivers in the Fertile Crescent 1. TIGRIS &EUPHRATES Rivers flow >1,000 miles Area between rivers known as MESOPOTAMIA Greek for LAND Between

More information

Ancient Mesopotamia: Cradle of Civilization

Ancient Mesopotamia: Cradle of Civilization Ancient Mesopotamia: Cradle of Civilization Geography of Mesopotamia The crossroads of the World Samaria: the First City-state A Blending of Cultures Geography The Land Between Two Rivers. Like Egypt,

More information

A Rough Timeline Covering the most of the time frame of the two books

A Rough Timeline Covering the most of the time frame of the two books Ba al Theory of Christianity A Rough Timeline Covering the most of the time frame of the two books The Phoenicians were clearly a people grounded in the belief systems of the Ancients. They expanded this

More information

November 18, Chapter 6 Vocab. due on today! Have out the following items: 1. Chapter 6 Vocabulary due today! 2.

November 18, Chapter 6 Vocab. due on today! Have out the following items: 1. Chapter 6 Vocabulary due today! 2. Chapter 6 Vocab. due on today! Chapter 6 Map due 11/29 November 18, 2016 Have out the following items: 1. Chapter 6 Vocabulary due today! 2. Writing Utensil 4 Weeks until Mid-Terms **Clear everything else

More information

Fertile Crescent and Empire Builders 2012

Fertile Crescent and Empire Builders 2012 Place all answers on answer key. Part I Match (10) 2012 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Sumerian pyramid shaped temple Epic poem Name meaning land between the rivers First empire builder Sumerian system

More information

Name: Period: Date: The Hebrews and Judaism Study Guide. The Early Hebrews. Chapter 7, Section 1

Name: Period: Date: The Hebrews and Judaism Study Guide. The Early Hebrews. Chapter 7, Section 1 Name: Period: Date: The Hebrews and Judaism Study Guide Abraham and Moses Lead the Hebrews The Early Hebrews Chapter 7, Section 1 Sometime between a new group of people came to called Hebrews. What is

More information

netw rks Where in the world? When did it happen? Mesopotamia Lesson 1 The Sumerians ESSENTIAL QUESTION Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS

netw rks Where in the world? When did it happen? Mesopotamia Lesson 1 The Sumerians ESSENTIAL QUESTION Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS NAME DATE CLASS Lesson 1 The Sumerians Terms to Know ESSENTIAL QUESTION silt small particles of fertile soil irrigation a way to supply dry land with water through ditches, pipes, or streams surplus an

More information

COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL. The Prophet Who Confronted God. chapter 1

COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL. The Prophet Who Confronted God. chapter 1 chapter 1 The Prophet Who Confronted God Often when people of faith look at all the violence, injustice, starvation, disease, and environmental destruction in the world, they ask themselves, where is God?

More information

Mesopotamia, Egypt, and kush. Chapter 3

Mesopotamia, Egypt, and kush. Chapter 3 Mesopotamia, Egypt, and kush Chapter 3 Chapter 3 Section 1 Geography of the Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia Mesopotamia was part of a larger region called the Fertile Crescent. Hunter-gathers first settled

More information

Where in the world? Mesopotamia Lesson 1 The Sumerians ESSENTIAL QUESTION. Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS

Where in the world? Mesopotamia Lesson 1 The Sumerians ESSENTIAL QUESTION. Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS Lesson 1 The Sumerians ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does geography influence the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. Why did people settle in? 2. What was life like in Sumer? 3. What ideas and inventions did

More information

Where in the world? The Israelites Lesson 1 Beginnings ESSENTIAL QUESTION. Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS. How do religions develop?

Where in the world? The Israelites Lesson 1 Beginnings ESSENTIAL QUESTION. Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS. How do religions develop? NAME DATE CLASS Lesson 1 Beginnings ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do religions develop? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. What did the ancient Israelites believe? 2. How did the Israelites settle Canaan? Where in the world?

More information

Tents, Temples, and Palaces

Tents, Temples, and Palaces 278 Tents, Temples, and Palaces Tents, Temples, and Palaces UNIT STUDENT REPORTS AND ANSWER SHEETS DIRECTIONS When you have completed your study of each unit, fill out the unit student report answer sheet

More information

THE ANCIENT ASSYRIANS AND PERSIANS. Writing about the Ancient Assyrians and the Ancient Persians gives

THE ANCIENT ASSYRIANS AND PERSIANS. Writing about the Ancient Assyrians and the Ancient Persians gives 1 THE ANCIENT ASSYRIANS AND PERSIANS Introduction to the Ancient Assyrians Writing about the Ancient Assyrians and the Ancient Persians gives historians and others a wonderful opportunity to compare two

More information

Unit 4: Mesopotamia- The Land Between the Rivers

Unit 4: Mesopotamia- The Land Between the Rivers Unit 4: Mesopotamia- The Land Between the Rivers 1 Copy only the words that are in red! 2 Fertile Crescent The Fertile Crescent is a strip of well watered soil shaped like a quarter moon. The fertile crescent

More information

Unit II: The River Valley Civilizations (3500 B.C.E. 450 B.C.E.)

Unit II: The River Valley Civilizations (3500 B.C.E. 450 B.C.E.) Name Unit II: The River Valley Civilizations (3500 B.C.E. 450 B.C.E.) Big Idea: During the New Stone Age, permanent settlements appeared in the river valleys and around the Fertile Crescent. River Valleys

More information

Chapter 11. The Origins of Judaism. EQ: How did Judaism originate and develop? 11.1 Introduction

Chapter 11. The Origins of Judaism. EQ: How did Judaism originate and develop? 11.1 Introduction Chapter 11 The Origins of Judaism EQ: How did Judaism originate and develop? 11.1 Introduction In this chapter, you will learn about a group of people who lived northeast of Egypt.These people were known

More information

Above: Tigris River Above: Irrigation system from the Euphrates River

Above: Tigris River Above: Irrigation system from the Euphrates River Above: Tigris River Above: Irrigation system from the Euphrates River Major Civilizations of Mesopotamia Sumer (3500-2350 B.C.) Assyria (1800-1600 B.C) Babylonia (612-539 B.C.) Other Groups in Mesopotamia

More information

What is Civilization?

What is Civilization? What is Civilization? A large group of people with a defined and well organized culture who share certain things in common: Political- common established government Social- common cultural elements like

More information

Social: classes, status, hierarchy, gender, population (demography)

Social: classes, status, hierarchy, gender, population (demography) Social: classes, status, hierarchy, gender, population (demography) Political: authority, laws, military Religious: creation, death, the supernatural, faith, morality, priesthood, places of worship, scriptures

More information

The Four Empires of Mesopotamia- Label the outside windows with these four empires

The Four Empires of Mesopotamia- Label the outside windows with these four empires The Four Empires of Mesopotamia- Label the outside windows with these four empires Akkadian Empire (2300-2100 B.C.E) Babylonian Empire (1792-1595 B.C.E) Assyrian Empire (900-612 B.C.E) Neo-Babylonian Empire

More information

Welcome to the Ancient Civilizations 70 s Dance Party!

Welcome to the Ancient Civilizations 70 s Dance Party! Welcome to the Ancient Civilizations 70 s Dance Party! Ancient Civilizations 70 s Dance Party! We need 2 Big Groups and 2 small groups (The Movers & the Shakers) within the big group. Form 2 lines that

More information

Western Civilizations Their History & Their Culture

Western Civilizations Their History & Their Culture Norton Media Library Western Civilizations Their History & Their Culture Sixteenth Edition Volume 1 by Judith G. Coffin Robert C. Stacey I. A. B. C. D. Introduction Transformations in the Ancient Near

More information

History of Western Society Value Edition 12th Edition McKay Test Bank

History of Western Society Value Edition 12th Edition McKay Test Bank History of Western Society Value Edition 12th Edition McKay Test Bank Full Download: https://testbanklive.com/download/history-of-western-society-value-edition-12th-edition-mckay-test-bank/ Use the following

More information