TRAD101 Languages & Cultures of East Asia. Buddhism III Peng

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1 TRAD101 Languages & Cultures of East Asia Buddhism III Peng

2 Buddhism Life of Buddha Schools of Buddhism: 1. Theravâda Buddhism (Teaching of the Elders, Hînayâna,, Lesser Vehicle) 2. Mahâyâna Buddhism (Great Vehicle) 3. Vajrayâna Buddhism (Thunderbolt Vehicle)

3 The Spread of Buddhism

4 Spread of Vajrayâna Buddhism ("Thunderbolt Vehicle") Tibet & then Mongolia In Tibet: Lamaism (the monks: Lamas) Dalai Lama: - the priestly ruler of Tibet - fled China in successive incarnations of the Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara. In China, Japan: special "esoteric" schools In Indonesia: Buddhism gave way to Islâm.

5 The Spread of Buddhism

6 The Four Noble Truth 1. Dukkha ( 苦諦 the truth of suffering) 2. Tanha ( 集諦 the truth of desire) - thirst for sensual pleasure - thirst for existence - thirst for non-existence 3. The Truth of Cessation (Nirodha( Nirodha) ( 滅諦 ) 4. The Truth of the Path (Magga( Magga) ( 道諦 ) - the Noble Eightfold Path

7 The Noble Eightfold Path 1. Right Views ( 正見 ) the acceptance of Buddhist teachings and later their experiential confirmation 2. Right Intent/Resolve ( 正思 ) Making a serious commitment to developing right attitudes 3. Right Speech ( 正言 ) telling the truth & speaking in a thoughtful & sensitive way 4. Right Conduct ( 正業 ) - Five Buddhist Precepts ( 佛門五戒 ): Do not kill; Do not steal; Do not lie; Do not be unchaste; Do not drink intoxicants.

8 The Noble Eightfold Path 5. Right Livelihood ( 正命 ) - not engaging in an occupation which causes harm 6. Right Effort ( 正精進 ) 7. Right Mindfulness ( 正念 ) - cultivating constant awareness 8. Right Concentration/Meditation ( 正定 ) - developing deep levels of mental calm through various techniques which concentrate the mind & integrate the personality

9 Influence of Buddhism in East Asia new schools of Buddhism political influence art & architecture

10 Influence of Buddhism in Japan a painting movement - illustrations of Buddha's life & other deities of Buddhism - affected by Joko Shinko (Pure Land Buddhism) after the 10 th century construction for temples and monastic compounds - Asukadera, Shitennoji & Horyuji Temple - some famous murals in Horyuji's Golden Hall - In the temples, sculptures representing various Buddhas and other deities.

11 Horyuji Temple Prince Shotoku ( ) is considered to be the true founder of Buddhism though. It was through his imperial support that major temples were built, such as Horyuji (in present day Nara Prefecture)

12 Horyuji Temple Daikodo (Lecture Hall) at the Central Gate of Horyuji near Nara

13 Asukadera Temple

14 Asukadera Temple

15 Shitennoji Temple

16 Nara's Todaiji temple largest wooden building in the world Emperor Shomu ( ) made Buddhism the official state religion and built the temple Todaiji at Nara along with its huge statue of Buddha.

17 Nara's Todaiji temple Emperor Shomu ( ) made Buddhism the official state religion and built the temple Todaiji at Nara along with its huge statue of Buddha.

18 Buddhism Paintings chiren Shonin Nirvana painting Myo-ko temple Jukkai Isshin painting

19 Zen School the Rinzai sect & the Soto sect the warrior elite: because of the emphasis of self-discipline & meditation,, as well as its directness. To reach enlightenment (satori), meditation (zazen) & irrational riddles (koan)) are used. more emphasis on the riddles in the Rinzai Zen The zen mind How to medidate Internal energy flow system

20 Buddhist sects for commoners the Pure Land sect chanting Buddha Amida's name as the idea way to achieve rebirth in Amida's Western Paradise Heart sutra Three healing sound 20Attwood%20&%20Bill%20Harris&title=Dr.%20Zhi%20Gang%20 Sha%20- %20Real%20Life%20Power%20Healing%20Legend&Article= W-E-N-G. Take a deep inhale and chants. Weng vibrates the head. 2. A-R. Really pronounce the ar deep inhale; chant. Ar resonates the cellular vibration of the chest. 3. H-O-N-G G vibrates the lower abdomen. the Nichiren sect - chanting the title of the Lotus Sutra

21 Spread of Buddhism in Korea The three kingdoms were unified under the powerful Silla rulers. With royal support, more monasteries were built and more works of art produced. - the whole of the Tripitaka (three baskets ) in Chinese translation was carved on to wooden printing blocks. - Thousands of these blocks were made in 13 th century

22 Buddha at Seokguram in South Korea World Heritage picture

23 Period of Suppression of Buddhism in Korea Buddhism lost the support of the court when Confucianism became the sole official religion of the state. suppressing the activities of the Buddhist community - Buddhist monks were forbidden to enter the capital, their lands were confiscated, monasteries closed and Buddhist ceremonies abolished.

24 Jogye Temple the center of Zen Buddhism in Korea

25 Stone Statue of Shakyamuni Buddha in Korea

26 Buddhism in China Chinese translations of Buddhist texts & pilgrimage to India The Tian-tai School (based on the Lotus Sutra). Chan School (introduced by Bodhidharma ) the Pure Land schools.

27 The Tian-tai Temple in the Golden Summit

28 Buddism in China

29 Shaolin Temple

30 Shaolin Temple

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