RS (Philosophy and Applied Ethics) Year 11 Revision Guide

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1 RS (Philosophy and Applied Ethics) Year 11 Revision Guide Exam 1: The Study of Religions - Christianity and Buddhism: 14 May (pm) Exam 2: Thematic Studies - Philosophy and Ethics: 16 May (pm) Buddhist Beliefs and Teachings The Dhamma (Dharma) The concept of Dhamma (Dharma). The concept of dependent arising (paticcasamupada). The Three Marks of Existence: anicca (impermanence) anatta (no fixed self) dukkha (unsatisfactoriness of life, suffering). The human personality, in the Theravada and Mahayana traditions: Theravada: the Five Aggregates (skandhas) of form, sensation, perception, mental formations, consciousness Mahayana: sunyata, the possibility of attaining Buddhahood and Buddha-nature. Human destiny: Theravada: Arhat (a perfected person ) Bodhisattva ideals Buddhahood and the Pure Land The Buddha and the Four Noble Truths The Buddha s life and its significance: the birth of the Buddha and his life of luxury the Four Sights: illness, old age, death, holy man (Jataka 075) the Buddha s ascetic life the Buddha s Enlightenment. The Four Noble Truths: suffering (dukkha) including different types of suffering the causes of suffering (samudaya); the Three Poisons, ignorance, greed and hate the end of craving (tanha) interpretations of nibbana (nirvana) and Enlightenment the Eightfold Path (magga) to nibbana/nirvana the Threefold Way: ethics (sila), meditation (samadhi) and wisdom (panna). (Dhammapada ) Buddhist Practices Worship and festivals

2 The nature, use and importance of Buddhist places of worship including temples, shrines, monasteries (viharas), halls for meditation or learning (gompas) and their key features including Buddha rupa, artefacts and offerings. Puja, the significance and role of puja/devotional ritual in the home and in the temple, including chanting, both as a devotional practice and as an aid to mental concentration, mantra recitation, use of malas. Meditation, the different aims, significance and methods of meditation: Samatha (concentration and tranquillity) including mindfulness of breathing Vipassana (insight) including zazen the visualisation of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas. The practice and significance of different ceremonies and rituals associated with death and mourning in Theravada communities and in Japan and Tibet. Festivals and retreats and their importance to Buddhists in Great Britain today, including the celebrations, origins and significance of: Wesak Parinirvana Day Buddhist ethical teachings kamma (karma) and rebirth compassion (karuna) loving kindness (metta). The five moral precepts: do not take life do not take what is not given do not misuse the senses do not speak falsehoods do not take intoxicants that cloud the mind. The six perfections in the Mahayanan tradition: generosity morality patience energy meditation wisdom, including how the individual develops these perfections within themselves Christianity Beliefs and Teachings The nature of God: God as omnipotent, loving and just The problem of evil and suffering The oneness of God and the Trinity: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Different Christian beliefs about creation including the role of Word and Spirit (John 1:1-3 and Genesis 1:1-3). Different Christian beliefs about the afterlife and their importance, including: resurrection and life after death judgement heaven and hell. Jesus Christ and salvation

3 Beliefs and teachings about: the incarnation and Jesus as the Son of God the crucifixion, resurrection and ascension sin, including original sin the means of salvation, including law, grace and Spirit the role of Christ in salvation including the idea of atonement. Christian Practices Different forms of worship and their significance: liturgical, non-liturgical and informal, including the use of the Bible private worship. Prayer and its significance, including the Lord s Prayer, set prayers and informal prayer. The role and meaning of the sacraments: the meaning of sacrament the sacrament of baptism and its significance for Christians; infant and believers' baptism different beliefs about infant baptism the sacrament of Holy Communion/Eucharist and its significance for Christians, including different ways in which it is celebrated and different interpretations of its meaning. The role and importance of pilgrimage and celebrations including: two contrasting examples of Christian pilgrimage: Lourdes and Iona The celebrations of Christmas and Easter, including their importance for Christians in Great Britain today. The role of the church in the local and worldwide community The role of the Church in the local community, including food banks and street pastors. The place of mission, evangelism and Church growth. The importance of the worldwide Church including: working for reconciliation how Christian churches respond to persecution the work of one of the following: Catholic Agency For Overseas Development (CAFOD), Christian Aid, Tearfund. Theme A: Relationships and Families Sex, marriage and divorce Human sexuality including: heterosexual and homosexual relationships. Sexual relationships before and outside of marriage. Contraception and family planning. The nature and purpose of marriage. Same-sex marriage and cohabitation. Divorce, including reasons for divorce, and remarrying. Ethical arguments related to divorce, including those based on the sanctity of marriage vows and compassion. Families and gender equality The nature of families, including: the role of parents and children extended families and the nuclear family.

4 The purpose of families, including: procreation stability and the protection of children educating children in a faith. Contemporary family issues including: same-sex parents polygamy. The roles of men and women. Gender equality. Gender prejudice and discrimination, including examples. Theme B: Religion and Life The origins and value of the universe religious teachings about the origins of the universe, and different interpretations of these the relationship between scientific views, such as the Big Bang theory, and religious views. The value of the world and the duty of human beings to protect it, including religious teaching about stewardship, dominion, responsibility, awe and wonder. The use and abuse of the environment, including the use of natural resources, pollution. The use and abuse of animals, including: animal experimentation the use of animals for food. The origins and value of human life including: religious teachings about the origins of human life, and different interpretations of these the relationship between scientific views, such as evolution, and religious views. The concepts of sanctity of life and the quality of life. Abortion, including situations when the mother's life is at risk. Ethical arguments related to abortion, including those based on the sanctity of life and quality of life. Euthanasia. Beliefs about death and an afterlife, and their impact on beliefs about the value of human life. Theme C: The existence of God and revelation Philosophical arguments for and against the existence of God The Design argument, including its strengths and weaknesses. The First Cause argument, including its strengths and weaknesses. The argument from miracles, including its strengths and weaknesses, and one example of a miracle. Evil and suffering as an argument against the existence of God. Arguments based on science against the existence of God. The nature of the divine and revelation

5 Special revelation as a source of knowledge about the divine (God, gods or ultimate reality) including visions and one example of a vision. Enlightenment as a source of knowledge about the divine. General revelation: nature and scripture as a way of understanding the divine. Different ideas about the divine that come from these sources: omnipotent and omniscient personal and impersonal immanent and transcendent. The value of general and special revelation and enlightenment as sources of knowledge about the divine, including: the problems of different ideas about the divine arising from these experiences alternative explanations for the experiences, and the possibility that the people who claimed to have them were lying or mistaken. Theme F: Religion, Human Rights and Social Justice Human rights Prejudice and discrimination in religion and belief, including the status and treatment within religion of women and homosexuals. Issues of equality, freedom of religion and belief including freedom of religious expression. Human rights and the responsibilities that come with rights, including the responsibility to respect the rights of others. Social justice. Racial prejudice and discrimination. Ethical arguments related to racial discrimination (including positive discrimination), including those based on the ideals of equality and justice. Wealth and poverty o the right attitude to wealth o the uses of wealth. o The responsibilities of wealth, including the duty to tackle poverty and its causes. o Exploitation of the poor including issues relating to: fair pay excessive interest on loans people-trafficking. The responsibilities of those living in poverty to help themselves overcome the difficulties they face. o Charity, including issues related to giving money to the poor.

6 Revision Planner Week Commencing Cornell Notes or Mindmap Flashcard words & Bible Verses Practice Questions Pages on Revision Book 29/01 Christian Beliefs & Teachings The existence of God and revelation p /02 Buddhism Beliefs and Teachings Human rights and social justice p /02 Relationships and Families Christian Beliefs and Teachings p84-92 Human Rights and Social Justice Buddhist Beliefs and Teachings p /02 Christianity Practices Relationships and Families p /02 Buddhist Practices Human Rights and Social Justice p /03 Existence of God and Revelation 12/03 Christian beliefs and teachings Christianity Practices Buddhist Practices Exam Practice p24-27 p /03 Buddhism Beliefs and Teachings Existence of God and Revelation Exam Practice p /03 Religion and Life Christian beliefs and teachings Exam Practice p Relationships and Families Buddhist Beliefs and Teachings Exam Practice p90-93 Human Rights and Social Justice Religion and Life Exam Practice p Christianity Practices Relationships and Families Exam Practice p /04 Buddhist Practices Christianity Practices Exam Practice p /04 Existence of God and Revelation Buddhist Practices Exam Practice p

7 Topic Revision List: Christianity Beliefs and Teachings The nature of God God as omnipotent, loving and just The oneness of God and the Trinity Different Christian beliefs about Creation Incarnation and Jesus as the Son of God The Crucifixion The resurrection and ascension Life after death The afterlife and judgement Heaven and Hell Sin and Salvation Christianity Practices What is worship? What is prayer? The sacraments Baptism The sacraments Holy Communion Pilgrimage Christmas and Easter Food Banks & Street Pastors Mission and Evangelism Church growth and the worldwide Church Christian persecution The Church s response to poverty The role of Christ in salvation Buddhist Beliefs and Teachings The Buddha s Life The Dhamma Dependent arising Three marks of existence: Dukkha, anicca and anatta The four Noble Truths Theravada Buddhism Mahayana Buddhism The human personality in Theravada and Mahayana The Arhat and the Bodhisattva Buddhist Practices Places of Worship How Buddhists worship Meditation Ceremonies about death and mourning Wesak and Parinirvana Day Kamma & rebirth Compassion and Loving Kindness The five moral precepts The six perfections Pure Land Buddhism

8 Relationship and Families Christian teachings about human sexuality Sex before and outside marriage Contraception and family planning Religious teachings about marriage Divorce and re-marriage Religious teachings about the nature and purpose of families Christian beliefs about Gender equality The existence of God and Revelation The design argument The First cause argument The argument from miracles Arguments against the existence of God Special revelation and enlightenment General and Special revelation Different ideas about the divine The value of revelation and enlightenment Social Justice and Human Rights Social Justice and Human Rights Prejudice and Discrimination Religious Freedom Disability and Race Discrimination Christian teachings about wealth Poverty and its causes Exploitation of the poor Giving money to the poor Religion and Life The origins of the universe The value of the world The use and abuse of the environment Pollution The use and abuse of animals The origins of human life Abortion Euthanasia Death and the afterlife Revision Strategies 1) Complete revision activities for all your topics (available from Mrs Hutton). Add to them from your notes and your textbooks. 2) Create Mindmaps and Cue Cards for each topic. Include Bible Verses and Key words. Get someone to test you on these regularly!

9 3) Practice Papers. You all have been given all the past papers. Do them. Mrs H will mark any that you give to her. Do them in timed conditions without notes. Then go back and do them with notes. The Exam Paper You have 1 hour and 45 minutes for each exam. You will be given 2 exams at the beginning of the Religions exam time. YOU MUST REMEMBER TO COMPLETE BOTH EXAMS. YOU MIGHT NOT BE REMINDED! Each section should take you 25 minutes to complete. Keep to your timing well. All the questions are in the following form: (1) 1 mark for knowledge (2) 2 mark for knowledge (3) 4 mark explain (4) 5 marks explain including teaching. (5) 12 marks for evaluation. Total: 24 marks. There are also 5 marks on each paper given to SPaG.

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