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1 Commonwealth of Australia Copyright Act 1968 Warning This material has been copied and communicated to you by or on behalf of La Trobe University under Part VB of the Copyright Act 1968 (the Act). The material in this communication may be subject to copyright under the Act. Any further copying or communication of this material by you may be the subject of copyright protection under the Act. Do not remove this notice.

2 MDS1 TRW The Roman World Augustan Culture: Rebuilding Rome Gillian Shepherd

3 He [Augustus] so improved the city, which had previously lacked the trappings which befitted the dignity of its empire and had been subject to fires and floods, that his boast to have left in marble that which he found made of brick was quite justified Suetonius, The Divine Augustus 28.3

4 Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa C. 64 BC AD 12 Aedile in 33 BC (ex-consul) Reorganisation of water supply including: Sewers Aqua Iulia (33 BC) Aqua Virgo (19 BC) Thermae of Agrippa Horrea Agrippiana

5 Photo Gillian Shepherd Pantheon, Rome (2 nd cent. AD, Hadrian)

6 I built the Curia [= Curia Iulia, 29 BC] the Temple of Apollo on the Palatine [36-28 BC] the Temple of the Divine Julius [29 BC] the temples on the Capitoline. I rebuilt the Capitolium and the theatre of Pompey, each work requiring great expense, without any inscription of my name. I rebuilt the channels of the aqueducts which were falling apart in many places through age I completed the Forum Iulium and the Basilica [Iulia], the works having been begun and almost finished by my father I rebuilt 82 temples of the gods in the city during my sixth consulship [28 BC] On [my] private land I built the Temple of Mars Ultor and the Forum of Augustus from the spoils of war. Monumentum Ancyranum IV (Res Gestae)

7 Image Source Page::

8 Image Source Page: Caryatids, Erechtheion, Athens (5 th cent. BC) Forum of Augustus (Forum Augustum) Cf Suetonius Aug. 56.2; Ovid Fasti ff.; Martial 8.44; Pliny N.H , Image Source Page:

9 Photo Gillian Shepherd Forum of Augustus (Mars Ultor) Photo Gillian Shepherd

10 Image Source Page: Forum of Augustus. Reconstruction

11 Image Source Page:

12 Image Source Page: Mausoleum of Augustus Nb pomerium Image Source Page:

13 Image Source Page: Etruscan tombs, Cerveteri

14 Image Source Page: Mausoleum at Halikarnassos. Proposed Reconstruction

15 Photo Gillian Shepherd The Ara Pacis (dedicated 30 th Jan. 9 BC)

16 Photo Gillian Shepherd Photo Gillian Shepherd Ara Pacis (interior) Photo Gillian Shepherd

17 Photo Gillian Shepherd Photo Gillian Shepherd Ara Pacis Vegetable ornament (exterior) Photo Gillian Shepherd

18 Photo Gillian Shepherd Ara Pacis. Aeneas sacrificing

19 Photo Gillian Shepherd Ara Pacis. Terra Mater Relief

20 Photo Gillian Shepherd South Frieze: Marcus Agrippa and imperial family

21 Image Source Page: Parthenon Frieze 5 th century BC

22 Photo Gillian Shepherd South Frieze: Marcus Agrippa and imperial family

23 The Obelisk of the Horologium Augusti Piazza Montecitorio, Rome Image Source Page:

24 Image Source Page: Horologium Augusti (as restored by Domitian?) Excavations searching for Augustus sundial (1970s) Via di Campo Marzio, Rome

25 Image Source Page: Proposed reconstruction of the Horologium Augusti

26 NB luna (carrara) marble quarries Augustus Prima Porta Statue After 20 BC Adlocutio Image Source Page:

27 Doryphoros Roman copy of an bronze original of c. 440 BC by Polykleitos Image Source Page:

28 Image Source Page: Image Source Page:

29 Throughout his life his appearance was distinguished and graceful. He did not dress extravagantly and cared so little about his hair that several barbers worked furiously on it at the same time. His beard was either trimmed or shaved while he continued reading or writing. He had clear, bright eyes few teeth, which were small and dirty his hair was yellowish and slightly curly, his eyebrows met and his nose jutted out then turned inwards. He was neither dark nor fair as was rather short but with well-proportioned limbs. On his body were spots and callouses caused by excessive use of the strigil He sometimes limped and suffered in general from a week constitution Unable to endure heat or cold, he always wore a hat outdoors and in winter wore a woollen vest. Image Source Page: Suetonius, Augustus 79

30 (NB: Tellus, Caelus, Aurora, Hispania, Gallia(?), Apollo, Diana, Parthian, Romulus/Aeneas/Mars/ Tiberius (?). Return of standards captured by Parthians from Crassus in 53 BC? Image source page: Augustus, Prima Porta statue (details of cuirass)

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