2 Early Roman Empire Colosseum, CE. EARLY EMPIRE ROMAN The Flavian Dynasty consisted of emperors Vespasian, Titus and Domitian (from CE). They were known for building some of Rome s most notable monuments.
3 Early Roman Empire Colosseum, CE. EARLY EMPIRE ROMAN When Vespasian became the Emperor of Rome in 69 A. D. he promised to make a difference. He did not want to live the rich life that Nero had. Vespasian tore down Nero's Golden House and turned the land into a public park. He also tore down Nero's giant gold statue called the Colossus. With the money from the statue's gold Vespasian built an amphitheater. He called it the Colosseum after the statue. The Colosseum was a large center for entertainment. It took ten years to build of marble and limestone. The Colosseum was the largest building of its kind. It could seat 45,000 people. This is where the Romans gathered to watch the gladiators. During the Colosseum's opening ceremonies in A.D. 80, events were held for 100 days in which hundreds of animals and 2,000 gladiators were killed.
4 Early Roman Empire Colosseum, CE. EARLY EMPIRE ROMAN
5 Early Roman Empire Colosseum, CE. EARLY EMPIRE ROMAN
6 Early Roman Empire Colosseum, CE. EARLY EMPIRE ROMAN
7 Early Roman Empire Colosseum, CE. EARLY EMPIRE ROMAN
8 Early Roman Empire Pont-du-Gard, Nimes, France 19 BCE ROMAN AQUEDUCTS The Romans typically built aqueducts to serve any large city in their empire. The city of Rome itself, being the largest city, had the largest concentration of aqueducts, with water being supplied by eleven aqueducts constructed over a period of 500 years. There were approximately 300 miles of aqueducts, while only 29 of them were above ground. The aqueduct provided about one hundred gallons of water a day for the inhabitants of Nimes from a source some thirty miles away.
9 Early Roman Empire Pont-du-Gard, Nimes, France 19 BCE
10 Early Roman Empire Pont-du-Gard, Nimes, France 19 BCE
11 Early Roman Empire Arch of Titus, Rome, Italy, after 81 CE When Vespasian s older son, Titus, died only two years after becoming emperor, his younger brother Domitian, took over. Domitian made this arch in Titus s honor on the Sacred Way leading into the Republican Forum Romanum. This type of arch, the so-called triumphal arch, has a long history in Roman art and architecture, beginning in the second century BCE and continuing even into the era of Christian Roman emperors. The Roman arches celebrated more than just military victories, as they often commemorated events such as building roads and bridges. This arch commemorates Titus sack of Jerusalem around 70 AD. This is the oldest arch of its kind.
12 Early Roman Empire Spoils of Jerusalem, relief panel from Arch of Titus, after 81 CE The scene depicts the triumphal parade down the Sacred Way after his return from the conquest of Judaea at the end of the Jewish Wars in 70 AD. This panel contains the depiction of the sacred seven-branched Menorah, from the Temple of Jerusalem. Missing in this relief is the classicism that was contained in the depictions of the Altar of Augustan Peace.
13 Early Roman Empire Triumph of Titus, relief panel from Arch of Titus, Rome, after 81 CE This scene depicts the actual triumphal procession with the toga-clad Titus in the chariot, but with the addition of allegorical figures--the winged Victory riding in the chariot with Titus who places a wreath on his head, the goddess leading the horses (identified as either Roma or Valor), and the semi-nude Genius of the People. Because the reliefs were deeply carved, some of the forward heads have broken off.
14 Portrait bust of Hadrian as general, ca CE Hadrian was a connoisseur and lover of all the arts, as well as an author and architect. There are more existing portraits of Hadrian than of any other emperor except Augustus. Though he ruled Rome for more than 20 years, he is depicted in portraits as a mature adult who never ages. Hadrian s portraits more closely resemble Kresilas portrait of Pericles than those of any Roman emperor before him, and no one doubts that his likenesses were inspired by Classical Greek statuary Hadrian wore a beard, a habit that, in its Roman context, must be viewed as a Greek affectation (an appearance or manner assumed or put on as a show or pretense, often to impress others). Beards then became the norm for all subsequent Roman emperors for more than a century and a half.
15 Pantheon, Rome CE HIGH EMPIRE With the new Emperor Hadrian in power, work on a new temple dedicated to all the gods began. This temple became known as the Pantheon. Excluding the use of an eight Corinthian column facade, the temple was completely revolutionary for it s time. The dome of the Pantheon steadily decreases in thickness from the base to the top. In the very middle there is an open Oculus that is used as a skylight, and the only lighting of the building. The Oculus measures 30 feet in diameter. This is the oldest domed building in the World that still has its original roof.
16 Pantheon, Rome CE HIGH EMPIRE From this indoor photo of the Pantheon you can see the carved panels as well as the intense light that the Oculus provides for the room. These decorative panels are called coffers. Coffers not only made the dome visually more appealing, but greatly lightened the load of the dome to prevent cave ins. Pantheon, Rome, Italy CE
17 Pantheon, Rome CE HIGH EMPIRE Rain drain directly underneath the oculus!
18 Pantheon, Rome CE HIGH EMPIRE Raphael s tomb in the Pantheon
19 Other example of dome coffers Inside of U.S. Capitol Dome Dome Room in Vatican
20 Pantheon, Rome CE HIGH EMPIRE
21 Hadrian s Wall, AD HIGH EMPIRE HADRIAN S WALL During Hadrian s reign, he ordered construction of a monumental stone wall to keep the barbaric Scots and Picts from invading from the North. This 74-mile stretch across Northern England is known as Hadrian s Wall. It was 8-10 feet wide and 20 feet tall, with a tower located at every mile mark. It was built in only about 6 years!
22 Hadrian s Wall, CE HIGH EMPIRE
23 Hadrian s Wall (reconstruction), CE HIGH EMPIRE
24 Forum of Trajan Designed by Apollodorus of Damascus Forum and markets Rome, CE HIGH EMPIRE ROMAN The Forum of the Emperor Trajan ( CE), the last, largest and best preserved on the Imperial fora, comprised a considerable complex of buildings, including a temple and basilica as well as three monuments erected in honor of the Emperor himself - a triumphal arch, an equestrian statue and a victory column.
25 Forum of Trajan Designed by Apollodorus of Damascus Forum and markets Rome, CE HIGH EMPIRE ROMAN Built on to the rear of the basilica were two libraries, one for Latin and the other for Greek literature, and between the two reared up Trajan's victory column. Beyond this, at the end of the forum (between the two churches dedicated to the Virgin), was a temple of deified Trajan. Only Trajan's column is left to represent this whole complex, much admired in ancient times, dedicated to honoring the Emperor under whom the Roman Empire reached its greatest extent.
26 TRAJAN S COLUMN Celebration of Victory against the Dacians Rome, 113 CE HIGH EMPIRE ROMAN This column commemorates Roman emperor Trajan's victory in the Dacian Wars. It is located in Trajan's Forum, built north of the Roman Forum. Completed in 113 CE, the freestanding column is most famous for its spiral bas relief, which artistically describes the epic wars between the Romans and Dacians ( and ). Its design has inspired numerous victory columns, both ancient and modern.
27 Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, Rome, Italy 175 CE This larger-than-life guilded bronze equestrian statue was selected by Pope Paul III as the center piece for Michelangelo s new design. Most ancient bronze statues were melted down for their metal value during the Middle Ages, but this one happened to have survived. Marcus possesses a superhuman grandeur and is much larger than any normal human would be in relation to his horse. He stretches out his right arm in a gesture that is both a greeting and an offer of clemency (an act that bestows or shows mercy toward another person over whom somebody has ultimate power) Some speculate that an enemy once cowered beneath the horse s raised right foreleg begging Marcus for mercy. The statue conveys the awesome power of the godlike Roman emperor as ruler of the whole world.
28 Deep Thoughts by Marcus Aurelius The happiness of your life depends on the quality of your thoughts. Very little is needed to make a happy life. It is all within yourself, in your way of thinking. The first rule is to keep an untroubled spirit. The second is to look things in the face and know them for what they are. Portrait of Marcus Aurelius Rome, Italy ca CE
29 Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, Rome, Italy 175 CE
30 Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, Rome, Italy 175 CE
31 Mummy portrait of a man Faiyum, Egypt CE Egyptians buried their dead in mummy cases. In Roman times, however, painted portraits on wood replaced the traditional stylized portrait masks. The man in this mummy painting, copying Marcus Aurelius, has long curly hair and a full beard. These paintings were probably painted when the subjects were still alive. They were used to trace the evolution of portrait painting after Mount Vesuvius erupted. Some aspects to note are the refined use of the brush and the spatula, soft and delicate modeling, and sensitive portrayal of the calm demeanor of its thoughtful subject.
Rome 6-3 Title: Pantheon Date: c. 118 128 CE all the gods temple Hadrian built 125-128CE Centuries of dirt and street construction hide its podium and stairs Normal Temple outside hide mass construction
Antonine Art and Architecture Dr. Doom Today s Topics The Antonine Period Sculpture Architecture 3rd Extra Credit Opportunity Ancient Cypriot Limestone Sculpture and Self-Taught Sculptors in the Ancient
700 BCE - Etruscan Supremacy 509-27 BCE Roman Republic 264-146 BCE The Punic Wars 44 BCE Julius Caesar assassinated 27 BCE 395 CE Roman Empire 70 CE - Titus Conquest of Jerusalem 70-82 Colosseum 79 Eruption
Chapter 3 Empire I found a city of brick, and left it a city of marble. Augustus The extent of the Roman Empire Origins of Roman Culture Etruscans 700-509 BCE Greeks mixed with them Roman Republic 509-27
Roman Art Or, Imperial Art St. Lawrence, 2/14/2016 Sunday, September 16, 2012 Course Outline The Roman Empire Influences on Roman Art Roman Architecture Roman Sculpture Roman Urbanization The Colosseum
Roman Art Or, Imperial Art St. Lawrence, 2/14/2017 Sunday, September 16, 2012 Course Outline The Roman Empire Influences on Roman Art Roman Architecture Roman Sculpture Roman Urbanization The Colosseum
! The Five Good Emperors (Plus One Not-So-Good Emperor) But First I Need To Talk About 7 More... Last Time On Days Of Our Emperors When we left off with Roman emperors, Nero had burned down Rome, built
Roman Art c 509 BCE 337 CE Republican era (no monarch) 509 BCE 27 BCE Early and High Empire Late Empire Romans c 509 BCE 337 CE Republican era (no monarch) 509 BCE 27 BCE Dominated Italy 280 BCE on Punic
CLASSICAL SCULPTURE Lesson 3. Roman sculpture IES VILATZARA Javier Muro 1. Augustus' wife: Livia Augustus of Primaporta. Early 1st century AD (marble) after a bronze of the 1st century B.C. 1. CATALOGUING
Early Medieval Art Carolingian Art 8 th -9 th Centuries, France & Germany Ottonian Art 10 th -Early 11 th Centuries, Germany From the Latin "eques", meaning "knight", deriving from "equus", meaning "horse".
Chapter Four: Rome The Importance of Rome Cultural achievements Assimilation of influences Role of music Historical division: Monarchy/ Etruscan Age (700-89 B.C.E.) Republican Rome (509-27 B.C.E.) Imperial
TERMS AND NAMES USEFUL FOR ROMAN ART AD 15-AD 193 I. Rulers and Honchos Tiberius: Augustus' successor, ruled AD 14-37. Known for his reclusive retirement (especially after 29) in elaborate villas at Sperlonga
The Roman Empire & the Fall of Rome OBJECTIVE: TO UNDERSTAND WHAT LED TO THE FALL OF ROME The Emperors After Augustus, his stepson Tiberius became ruler. Tiberius was an capable administrator and excellent
THE ROMAN EMPIRE by Cindy Barden illustrated by Author Cindy Barden Illustrator Book Design and Production Good Neighbor Press, Inc. Copyright 2002 Milliken Publishing Company a Lorenz company P.O. Box
The Romans Chapter 6 Etruscan and Roman Art AP Art History Instructional Objectives: Students will be able to examine the ways that Etruscan funerary art celebrates the vitality of human existence. Students
Ancient Rome Republic to Empire From a Republic to an Empire 509 B.C. 476 A.D. Roman Security System The Republic s Military First only patricians served in the army. Rome had many enemies: Gauls, Latins,
Project Passport History Based Activity Study: ANCIENT Rome Scope and Sequence Grades: 3 rd 8 th Ancient Rome offers an in-depth, hands-on view of the history of the ancient Romans, a people that conquered
1 Chapter 5 Fill-in Notes: The Roman Empire Pax Romana Octavian s rule brought a period of peace to the Mediterranean world. Pax Romana ( ) _ peace Won by war and maintained by During Roman Peace the came
Essay Test Near East, Egyptian, Ancient Greece, and Roman Art This question is worth 100 points. ART HISTORY SECTION II Part B Time 60 minutes 2 Questions Directions: You will have 60 minutes to answer
It is most beneficial to you to write this mock midterm UNDER EXAM CONDITIONS. This means: Complete the midterm in 1 and a half hour(s). Work on your own. Keep your notes and textbook closed. Attempt every
Augustus of Prima Porta is a 2.04m high marble statue of Augustus Caesar which was discovered in 1863 in the Villa of Livia at Prima Porta, near Rome. The sculpture is now displayed in the Braccio Nuovo
The Roman Empire The crowd broke into a roar It was he who brought all this wealth and glory to Rome. Rise of the Empire Julius Caesar is gone. Who will rise as leader of Rome? Civil war followed Caesar
This chapter first explores Etruscan culture, religion and art. We will go on to discuss the origins of the Roman Republic and the sculpture and architecture that they developed. The final pages of this
Forum and Markets of Trajan An emperor worth celebrating Marble bust of Trajan, c. 108-117 C.E., 68.5 cm high (The British Museum) Marcus Ulpius Traianus, now commonly referred to as Trajan, reigned as
4 To what extent is the divide between public and private life reflected in evidence for public worship in Roman Italy? Megan Lewis (mailto:email@example.com) As one of my 2nd year modules, I had to plan
The Failure of the Republic As Rome expanded, the social and economic bases of the Roman republic in Italy were undermined While men from independent farming families were forced to devote their time to
Chapter 6: The Roman Empire Learning Objectives In this chapter, students will focus on: The changes Augustus made in Rome s political, military, and social institutions, in order to solve problems faced
1 CLAS 3720: HISTORY AND ART OF ANCIENT ROME MAYMESTER 2018 Chiara Sulprizio (Classical and Mediterranean Studies) DATES: MAY 13-JUNE 1, 2018 COURSE DESCRIPTION: This course, which is taught on site in
ANCIENT ROME A MILITARY AND POLITICAL HISTORY - CHRISTOPHER S. MACKAY University of Alberta PUBLISHED BY THE PRESS SYNDICATE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE The Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge,
ROMAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE CLASS DIVISIONS were based upon wealth UPPER-CLASS were made of wealthy land owners, merchants, doctors, lawyers, government officials, scholars, writers and artists They were
Study Guide Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire 1) republic: a form of government in which citizens elect their leaders 2) legion: large groups of Roman soldiers 3) patrician: the ruling class 4) plebeian:
Copyright by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 8, Section 4 The Early Empire (Pages 286 294) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: How did Augustus create a new era
Name: Core: Listening Guide: Colosseum: Rome s Arena of Death Aristocrat: A member of a ruling class or of the nobility. Politician: One who holds or wants to hold office. Sponsor: One who takes responsibility
course overview This course serves as an overview of the archaeology of the ancient Roman world, with particular emphasis on Rome and the monumental remains of the capital city of the empire. Using material
Roman Empire - Day 01 (1) Naples Nat ional Archeological Museum, Napoli The Naples National Archaeological Museum holds comprehensive collections from the Greek, Roman and Egyptian eras. (2) Hadrianâ s
2014 Study Abroad Program Rome/Campania Classics 372: Topics in Roman Culture Welcome to the Study Abroad Program in Rome and Campania. The academic part of the program is a 3 credit course entitled Topics
6 th Grade History Study Guide Chapter 7: Rome Name Student # Legend says that twin brothers, Romulus and Remus, were orphans who were found floating in a basket by a wolf and adopted by a shepherd and
Name: Ch 6 Test I. Matching - Write the letter of the term that matches the definitions below. A. Virgil B. Attila C. Paul D. Cleopatra E. Ptolemy F. Peter G. Octavian H. Diocletian I. Julius Caesar J.
Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity Outcome: A Republic Becomes an Empire 1 Constructive Response Question Compare and contrast the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire using specific examples: Classify
Tiberius - Reigned 14-37 AD Tiberius wasn't really a very good ruler (we call them emperors now, but they didn't call themselves that). He alienated senators with his personal moodiness. He spent a lot
T h e A r t i o s H o m e C o m p a n i o n S e r i e s T e a c h e r O v e r v i e w The term Pax Romana, which literally means Roman peace, refers to the time period from 27 B.C. to 180 A.D. in the Roman
I. Roman Republic Expands A. Punic Wars - A series of battles where Rome defeated Carthage (North Africa) & became the dominant power in the Mediterranean B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories
The Roman Empire The legend of Romulus and Remus Clothes: toga, palla, stola, tunic, sandals Gladiators: arenas, Colloseum, lions Emperors: Julius Caesar (+Cleopatra, Mark Anthony, Brutus) Augustus, Nero,
AFTER AUGUSTUS THE CALM BEFORE THE STORM JULIO-CLAUDIANS TIBERIUS GAIUS CALIGULA CLAUDIUS extended IMPERIAL BUREAUCRACY NERO Left administration to SENECA AD 64 Great Fire of Rome AD 68 Suicide 1 JULIO-CLAUDIANS
Guided Reading Activity 5-1 The Rise of Rome DIRECTIONS: Answer the following questions as you read the section. 1. List the four reasons that the location of the city of Rome was especially favorable.
COLISEUM REGENTS IN EUROPE 2017 1. TSWBAT explain with examples how the Coliseum represents almost perfect Roman architecture & compare it with other Roman works they ve seen (most notably the Pantheon).
Jewish Historical Connection to Jerusalem The Menorah is the candelabrum that stood in the ancient Jewish Temple in Jerusalem and it serves as the emblem of the State of Israel. At left is an engraving
Middle Ages: The Reign of Religion The Dark Ages-truly anything but dark!! What do we know about? Egypt, Greece, Rome Emperors Empires Religious practices People s focus Purpose of art Background of Roman
South, East, and Southeast Asia 300 B.C.E 1980 C.E. INDIA 192. Great Stupa at Sanchi 4 Madhya Pradesh, India Buddhist; Maurya, late Sunga Dynasty c. 300 B.C.E. 100 C.E. Stone Masonry, Sandstone on dome
Rome Media 1 Map of the Roman Empire Name: Class period: Rome Media 2 Video: What the Ancients Knew: The Romans (29:19) More than 2000 years ago, the Roman army swept across Europe, Northern Africa, and
Understanding Historical Change: Rome HIST 1220.R21, Summer 2016 Adjunct Professor Matthew Keil, PhD TWR 9:00 AM 12:00 PM Dealy Hall 202, Rose Hill Email: Mkeil@fordham.edu MatthewAdamKeil@gmail.com (preferred)
Cornelia Fortunata, Tomi. 2 nd Century CE Sunday, February 27, 2011 In order to protect the funerary monument listed above, the following authors have contributed to this detailed report: Brian Chu and
The roman empire Mr. Cline History Marshall High School Marshall High School Mr. Cline Western Civilization I: Ancient Foundations Unit Four EA * Introduction to the Julio-Claudian Dynasty In this lesson,
ROMAN EMPIRE Overview Monarchy and Republic 753-27 BCE Republican architects mix Hellenistic and Etruscan Features Republican sculptors depict patricians in super realistic portraits Republican painters
Imperial fora View of the Forum of Trajan, c. 112 C.E.. Later medieval walls can be seen amidst the grass on the left; the upright columns of the Basilica Ulpia can be seen on the right in front of the
The Ancient World Context I. The Stone Age A. Paleolithic Period (Old Stone Age) - Beyond 1 million BCE (Before Common Era) - Hunter and Gatherer - Discovered fire, clothing, basic techniques for hunting
The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire Student Handouts, Inc. www.studenthandouts.com What was the Roman Empire? There were two periods of Roman government. Roman Republic 509 BCE-30 BCE Roman Empire 30
Window of Orvieto Cathedral. (Wikimedia Commons. Photo by Marcok.) OME coin collectors like to collect coins according to a theme. For example, they will collect coins with an elephant or some other animal
The Lives Of The Twelve Caesars. [Julius Caesar Through Domitian]. By Suetonius The Flavian Emperors Vespasian to Domitian - Forum Romanum - The Disputed Succession, I. The Reign of Vespasian (A.D. 69-79),
Essential Question: What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire? Warm-Up Question:? In addition to Greece, a significant classical civilization was ancient Rome Impact
PART FIVE Chapter 15: Christianity and the Formation of Europe Time Periods for this chapter include: Early Christian: Byzantium Middle Ages: Carolingian, Romanesque, and Gothic Key Terms for this chapter
Faces of Rome AN EXERCISE IN CONTEXT The Importance of Context When starting out in the study of Ancient History, one of the first skills you need to develop is awareness of context. This isn t easy, because
End of the Renaissance in Italy Italian Wars 1494 1530 1494 French invasion again in 1499 and 1515 1519 election of Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor 1520-1530 War in Italy between Hapsburg Charles V and
ARCHITECTURE St. Matthew Church is built in the form of a crucifix, with a semi-circular sanctuary, a style of Christian architecture which has been popular since the earliest days of the Church. All through
Medieval Art Early Christian Art Sarcophagus = Tomb Junius Bassus = Roman Prefect Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, 359 C.E. (Vatican, Grottoes of St. Peter) From the period soon after Christianity becomes
Wayne E. Sirmon HI 103 World History Stallworth Lecture Wednesday, Oct. 28 Laidlaw Hall, USA John Boles, PhD Thomas Jefferson and the Dilemma of Slavery History 103 World History to 1500 September 29 September
General Certificate of Education June 2004 Advanced Level Examination CLASSICAL CIVILISATION Unit Roman History and Culture CIV Thursday 24 June 2004 Afternoon Session In addition to this paper you will
HISTORY 3060 -- ROMAN EMPIRE Dr. Rangar Cline SPRING 2010 112 Robertson Hall MWF 9:30-10:20 Office Hrs. M 2:30-3:30; Dale Hall 116 W 3:30-4:30; & by appt. firstname.lastname@example.org Course Description In this
SOL 6 - WHI The Romans The city of Rome, with its central location on the Italian peninsula, was able to extend its influence over the entire Mediterranean Basin. The Italian peninsula was protected by
Europe s Cultures Teacher: Mrs. Moody ACTIVATE YOUR BRAIN Greece Germany Poland Belgium Learning Target: I CAN describe the cultural characteristics of Europe. Cultural expressions are ways to show culture
Ancient Rome AP World History Chapter 5a The Italian Peninsula Narrow boot-shaped peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea Modern-Day Italy Center of trade among 3 continents = Asia, Africa, Europe Mild, moist
The Rise of Rome Chapter 8 Objectives Explain how Rome became a republic Describe how Rome gained control of the Mediterranean region. Explain how the failure of the republic lead to the creation of the
Architecture: From Ashoka to Gupta 3 rd century BCE to 5 th century CE 1 Don t forget the Met Museum Time-Line of art and culture http://www.metmuseum.org/ toah/ht/? period=05®ion=ssa Life of the Historic
Era II Unit 6 WHI.6 Ancient Rome From Republic to Empire! Text in yellow is for notes! Voorhees http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=740lqvguwm4 Symbolism- Western Civilization SIC SEMPER TYRRANUS= Thus always
Chapter Six A Look at Ancient Rome 1 Three Periods of Roman History I. Kingdom: 753 BC 509BC Tiber River Seven Hills II. Republic: 509 BC 31 BC III. Empire (Imperial) : 31 BC 476 AD (Western) 31 BC 1453
Roman Rule Caesars Flavians Golden Age 1. Roman Engineering A. Roman aqueducts: fresh water, crucial element of a Roman city, extraordinary feats of engineering B. Roman roads: dependable transportation
THE ROMANS - One of largest empires ever, colonizing grp, multiethnic empire - Impressive engineering, many roads leading to capital THE REPUBLIC - Roman political structure long lasting effects, republics,
Art of India Ch. 4.2 Indus Valley Civilization 2500 BC-1500 BC The earliest Indian culture Ended 1500 BC Located in Modern Pakistan Used to stamp seals on official documents. Some of the earliest evidence
DOWNLOAD OR READ : TITUS OF POMPEII PDF EBOOK EPUB MOBI Page 1 Page 2 titus of pompeii titus of pompeii pdf titus of pompeii Titus of Pompeii. Suddenly, we heard an incredibly loud explosion behind us.
St. Joseph s Pilgrimage to Italy November 1 10, 2009 Join Msgr. Don Fischer for a transformative pilgrimage to Italy. For the past several years, Msgr. Fischer has guided members of St. Joseph parish to
Information for Emperor Cards AUGUSTUS CAESAR (27 B.C. - 14 A.D.) has been called the greatest emperor in all of Roman history. After the assassination of Julius Caesar, war broke out among the many groups
LOCATION Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea and centered on the city of Rome, it expanded to
The Roman Salute Winkler, Martin M. Published by The Ohio State University Press Winkler, M.. The Roman Salute: Cinema, History, Ideology. Columbus: The Ohio State University Press, 2009. Project MUSE.,
Early Islamic Art Early Umayyad art The Dome of the Rock: Islam as a synthesis A new meaning for the dome Aniconism Abbasids mosques and their structure Umayyad Spain: From lighthouse to minaret Convivencia
Name Date Assessment: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. Why was the Roman Empire hard to defend? A. It had a very long border. B.
Ancient Rome Bingo ANCIENT ROME BINGO Directions 1. Cut apart the sheets of heavy-stock paper which contain the call cards with topics and clues. Copies of these sheets are also provided on plain paper