30.4 NATIONALISM IN INDIA AND SOUTHWEST ASIA

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "30.4 NATIONALISM IN INDIA AND SOUTHWEST ASIA"

Transcription

1 flag if India (right) flags of Turkey, Iran, and Saudi Arabia (below) 30.4 NATIONALISM IN INDIA AND SOUTHWEST ASIA

2 INDIAN NATIONALISM GROWS Two groups rid India of foreign rule: Indian National Congress (Hindus-see symbol below left) Muslim League (Muslims-see symbol below right)

3 WORLD WAR I INCREASES NATIONALIST ACTIVITY Until WWI, the vast majority of Indians had little interest in independence. The British promised reforms in return for service during WWI, but Britain did not fulfill its promise. Radical nationalists carried out acts of violence. British passed the Rowlett Act in 1919 allowing the government to jail protestors without trial for as long as two years. Sir Sidney Arthur Taylor Rowlatt (20 July March 1945) was an English lawyer and judge, best remembered for his controversial presidency of the Rowlatt committee, The committee gave rise to the Rowlatt Act, an extension of the Defense of India Act 1915.

4 AMRITSAR MASSACRE In protest of Rowlett Acts 10,000 Hindus and Muslims flocked to Amritsar in 1919 where they fasted, prayed, and listened to political speeches. The British had banned public meetings. The British commander of Amritsar ordered British troops to fire on the crown without warning for 10 minutes. 400 Indians were killed and 1,200 were wounded. Almost overnight the Amritsar Massacre changed millions of Indians from loyal British subjects into Indian nationalists. Colonel Reginald Edward Harry Dyer nicknamed The Butcher of Amritsar was the commander responsible for ordering the firing on civilians, including women children.

5 .303 LEE-ENFIELD RIFLE The troops who fired on the unarmed civilian crowd were armed with.303 Lee-Enfield rifles.

6 CHARLES FREER ANDREWS He was a Church of England priest who favored Indian independence and became a close friend of Mohandas Gandhi. He called the Amritsar Massacre a coldblooded massacre and inhumane.

7 GANDHI'S TACTICS OF NONVIOLENCE Mohandas K. Gandhi emerged as the leader of the independence movement. Gandhi s strategy involved his deeply religious approach to political activity. He blended ideas of all the major world s religions. He came to be called Mahatma (meaning great soul ).

8 NONCOOPERATION Gandhi urged the Indian National Congress to follow a policy of noncooperation with the British government. In 1920, the Congress Party endorsed civil disobedience (the deliberate and public refusal to obey an unjust law). Gandhi launched his civil disobedience campaign to weaken British authority and economic power.

9 BOYCOTTS Gandhi asks Indians to refuse to buy British goods, attend government schools, pay British taxes, or vote in elections. Gandhi also staged a boycott of British cloth He urged all Indians to weave their own cloth He himself spent two hours a day spinning his own yarn. The sale of British cloth in India dropped sharply.

10 STRIKES AND DEMONSTRATIONS Civil disobedience took economic toll on the British 1920 British arrest thousands of Indians who took part in strikes and demonstrations. In spite of please for nonviolence, protests led to riots.

11 THE SALT MARCH In 1930, Gandhi organized the Salt March in protest of the Salt Acts. Indians could only buy salt from the government which was taxed Gandhi and followers marched 240 miles to the sea where the people made their own salt. Some demonstrators marched to a British salt processing plant but were met with violence. About 60,000 people, including Gandhi, were arrested during demonstrations against the salt tax.

12 BRITAIN GRANTS LIMITED SELF-RULE In 1935, the British Parliament passed the Government of India Act. Provisions: local self-government granted limited democratic elections Limits: It did not grant total independence.

13 BRITAIN GRANTS LIMITED SELF-RULE The Government of India Act fueled tensions between Muslims and Hindus. Two groups had different visions for independence. Indian Muslims feared being outnumbered by Indian Hindus.

14 NATIONALISM IN SOUTHWEST ASIA Breakup of the Ottoman Empire and growing Western political and economic interest spurred the rise of nationalism.

15 TURKEY BECOMES A REPUBLIC Turkey kept its homelands Anatolia small strip of land around Istanbul

16 TURKEY BECOMES A REPUBLIC 1919 Greek soldiers invade Turkey Turkish sultan powerless to stop the Greeks Mustafa Kemal, a nationalist leader successfully fought back the Greeks and their British backers. after winning a peace, overthrew the last Ottoman sultan.

17 TURKEY BECOMES A REPUBLIC 1923 Kemal became president of the new Republic of Turkey and ushered in reforms. separated laws of Islam from the laws of the nation abolished religious courts and created a new legal system granted women the right to vote launched government funded programs to industrialize Turkey Kemal died in 1938, but left a legacy of a new national identity. He is called the father of the Turks.

18 PERSIA BECOMES IRAN After WWI, when Russia was still reeling from the Bolshevik Revolution, the British tried to take over all of Persia. A nationalist revolt was triggered.

19 PERSIA BECOMES IRAN Reza Shah Pahlavi seized power in 1921, and in 1925 deposed the ruling shah. He set out to modernize the country established public schools built roads and railroads promoted industrial growth extended women s rights He kept all power in his own hands He changed the name of the country from Persia to Iran

20 SAUDI ARABIA KEEPS ISLAMIC TRADITIONS In 1902, Abd al-azis Ibn Saud began a successful campaign to unify Arabia In 1932 the new kingdom was called Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud carried on Arab and Islamic traditions. Loyalty was based on custom, religion, and family ties Ibn Saud brought modern technology to the country, but limited to what was religiously acceptable. No democracy was practiced.

21 Oil Drives Development Rising demand for petroleum products brought new oil explorations to Southwest Asia. European and American companies discovered oil in Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait Geologists discovered nearly two-thirds of the world s oil supply was in the Persian Gulf region. Western nations then began to try to dominate this region.

Nationalism in India and Southwest Asia Section 4. Nationalism triggered independence movements to overthrow colonial powers.

Nationalism in India and Southwest Asia Section 4. Nationalism triggered independence movements to overthrow colonial powers. Nationalism in India and Southwest Asia Section 4 Nationalism triggered independence movements to overthrow colonial powers. Indian Nationalism Grows Hindu Indian National Congress and the Muslim League

More information

Nationalism in India and Southwest Asia

Nationalism in India and Southwest Asia 4 Nationalism in India and Southwest Asia TERMS & NAMES Mohandas K. Gandhi civil disobedience Mustafa Kemal MAIN IDEA Nationalism triggered independence movements to overthrow colonial power. WHY IT MATTERS

More information

Event A: The Decline of the Ottoman Empire

Event A: The Decline of the Ottoman Empire Event A: The Decline of the Ottoman Empire Beginning in the late 13 th century, the Ottoman sultan, or ruler, governed a diverse empire that covered much of the modern Middle East, including Southeastern

More information

Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire

Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire, which had been steadily declining since the late 1700s, finally ended after World War I. Reading Connection Do you think it is possible for an

More information

WWI and the End of Empire

WWI and the End of Empire WWI and the End of Empire Young Turks 1906: Discontented army corps officers formed secret society Macedonia 1907 : Young Turks founded Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) - stood for strong central

More information

MC Review Middle East

MC Review Middle East 34 The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is best known for its efforts to (1) develop workable alternatives to fossil fuels (2) bring Western oil technology to the Middle East (3) stop

More information

REVIEW INDIA ANSWER KEY

REVIEW INDIA ANSWER KEY REVIEW INDIA ANSWER KEY VOCABULARY Definition Sepoy Indian soldier under British command Jewel of the crown Term referring to India as the most valuable of all British colonies Sepoy Mutiny Uprising of

More information

The Countries of Southwest Asia. Chapter 23

The Countries of Southwest Asia. Chapter 23 The Countries of Southwest Asia Chapter 23 The Countries of Southwest Asia (Middle East) Creation of Israel After WWII, Jews had no where to go. In 1948, The United Nations decided to split Palestine between

More information

Chapter 22 Southwest Asia pg Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran pg

Chapter 22 Southwest Asia pg Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran pg Chapter 22 Southwest Asia pg. 674 695 22 1 Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran pg. 677 681 Assume the role of a leader of an oil rich country. Why would you maybe need to diversify your country s economy? What

More information

US Iranian Relations

US Iranian Relations US Iranian Relations ECONOMIC SANCTIONS SHOULD CONTINUE TO FORCE IRAN INTO ABANDONING OR REDUCING ITS NUCLEAR ARMS PROGRAM THESIS STATEMENT HISTORY OF IRAN Called Persia Weak nation Occupied by Russia,

More information

PAF Chapter Prep Section History Class 8 Worksheets for Intervention Classes

PAF Chapter Prep Section History Class 8 Worksheets for Intervention Classes The City School PAF Chapter Prep Section History Class 8 Worksheets for Intervention Classes ROAD TO INDEPENDENCE 1 1. What did the young middle class Hindu want from the British? 2. What is meant by national

More information

Physical Geography This region is extremely arid, and most areas receive less than 18 of precipitation per year. the dry terrain varies from huge

Physical Geography This region is extremely arid, and most areas receive less than 18 of precipitation per year. the dry terrain varies from huge The Middle East Physical Geography This region is extremely arid, and most areas receive less than 18 of precipitation per year. the dry terrain varies from huge tracts of sand dunes to great salt flats.

More information

$100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 One country controls the political, social, and/or

More information

Gunpowder Empires. AP World History. Revised and used with permission from and thanks to Nancy Hester, East View High School, Georgetown, Tx.

Gunpowder Empires. AP World History. Revised and used with permission from and thanks to Nancy Hester, East View High School, Georgetown, Tx. Gunpowder Empires AP World History Revised and used with permission from and thanks to Nancy Hester, East View High School, Georgetown, Tx. With the advent of gunpowder (China), the Empires that had access

More information

Creating the Modern Middle East

Creating the Modern Middle East Creating the Modern Middle East Diverse Peoples When the followers of Muhammad swept out of the Arabian Peninsula in the the ancient lands of Mesopotamia, Palestine, and Persia in the mid-600`s they encountered

More information

Iran comes from the word Aryan Aryans settled here in 1500 B.C. Descendents were the Medes and the Persians Eventually, whole territory became known

Iran comes from the word Aryan Aryans settled here in 1500 B.C. Descendents were the Medes and the Persians Eventually, whole territory became known Iran comes from the word Aryan Aryans settled here in 1500 B.C. Descendents were the Medes and the Persians Eventually, whole territory became known as the Persian Empire 1935 Reza Shah changed the name

More information

Curriculum Guide: The President s Travels

Curriculum Guide: The President s Travels Curriculum Guide: The President s Travels Unit 11 of 19: Two White Houses The Iran Hostage Crisis 441 Freedom Parkway, Atlanta, GA, 30312 404-865-7100 www.jimmycarterlibrary.gov Two White Houses Jimmy

More information

China, the Ottoman Empire, and Japan ( ) Internal Troubles, External Threats

China, the Ottoman Empire, and Japan ( ) Internal Troubles, External Threats China, the Ottoman Empire, and Japan (1800-1914) Internal Troubles, External Threats THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE AND THE WEST IN THE 19 TH CENTURY A P W O R L D H I S T O R Y C H A P T E R 1 9 The Ottoman Empire:

More information

Essential Question: Bellringer Name the 3 Gunpowder Empires and 2 things that they had in common.

Essential Question: Bellringer Name the 3 Gunpowder Empires and 2 things that they had in common. Essential Question: What were the achievements of the gunpowder empires : Ottomans, Safavids, & Mughals? Bellringer Name the 3 Gunpowder Empires and 2 things that they had in common. From 1300 to 1700,

More information

Chapter 10: From the Crusades to the New Muslim Empires

Chapter 10: From the Crusades to the New Muslim Empires Chapter 10: From the Crusades to the New Muslim Empires Guiding Question: How did the Crusades affect the lives of Christians, Muslims, and Jews? Name: Due Date: Period: Overview: The Crusades were a series

More information

Decreased involvement of the Sultan in the affairs of the state

Decreased involvement of the Sultan in the affairs of the state Decline due to?... Decreased involvement of the Sultan in the affairs of the state Prospective Sultans stop participating in the apprentice training that was supposed to prepare them for the throne (military

More information

Ottoman Empire ( ) Internal Troubles & External Threats

Ottoman Empire ( ) Internal Troubles & External Threats Ottoman Empire (1800-1914) Internal Troubles & External Threats THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE 19 TH CENTURY AP WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 23A The Ottoman Empire: Sick Man of Europe In the 1800s= the Ottoman Empire went

More information

A Brief History of the Armenian Genocide

A Brief History of the Armenian Genocide A Brief History of the Armenian Genocide Source: Social Education 69(6), pg 333 337, 2005 National Council for the Social Studies, Adapted for The Genocide Education Project by the author. I am confident

More information

1 - Introduction to the Islamic Civilizations

1 - Introduction to the Islamic Civilizations 1 - Introduction to the Islamic Civilizations Aim: How are the Islamic Civilizations (1500-1800) similar? Do Now: How do empires increase their power? Questions Think Marks Summary How did Islam enable

More information

Let s review the three Gunpowder Empires of the Islamic World during the Early Modern Era ( )!

Let s review the three Gunpowder Empires of the Islamic World during the Early Modern Era ( )! Let s review the three Gunpowder Empires of the Islamic World during the Early Modern Era (1450-1750)! India 3 continents: SE Europe, N. Africa, SW Asia Persia (Iran today) Longest lastingexisted until

More information

The Muslim World. Ottomans, Safavids, Mughals

The Muslim World. Ottomans, Safavids, Mughals The Muslim World Ottomans, Safavids, Mughals SSWH12 Describe the development and contributions of the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires. 12a. Describe the development and geographical extent of the

More information

Israeli-Palestinian Arab Conflict

Israeli-Palestinian Arab Conflict Israeli-Palestinian Arab Conflict Middle East after World War II Middle Eastern nations achieved independence The superpowers tried to secure allies Strategic importance in the Cold War Vital petroleum

More information

Mahatma Gandhi WRITING

Mahatma Gandhi WRITING Mahatma Gandhi WRITING Mahatma Gandhi Outline ENG_C2.0902R Content Gandhi led non-violent Independence movements in India. He represented a peaceful lifestyle and is still regarded as one of the most influential

More information

Regional Issues. Conflicts in the Middle East. Importance of Oil. Growth of Islamism. Oil as source of conflict in Middle East

Regional Issues. Conflicts in the Middle East. Importance of Oil. Growth of Islamism. Oil as source of conflict in Middle East Main Idea Reading Focus Conflicts in the Middle East Regional issues in the Middle East have led to conflicts between Israel and its neighbors and to conflicts in and between Iran and Iraq. How have regional

More information

Studying the Ottomans:

Studying the Ottomans: Studying the Ottomans: Section 2: Ottomans in the Modern World (19th -early 20th C.) WWI and Aftermath. End of Empire, Birth of Modern Turkey (2:) politics of dismemberment -- Secret Agreements Nov. 19-23

More information

SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide

SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide #1 Geographically speaking, which country lies between Iraq and Afghanistan? ANSWER Iran lies between Iraq and Afghanistan. #2 The Suez

More information

1. What is the difference between a market, command, and traditional economy?

1. What is the difference between a market, command, and traditional economy? Study Guide for 1 st Nine Weeks QPA 1. What is the difference between a market, command, and traditional economy? Traditional: People produce for themselves what they need to survive. They farm, hunt &

More information

SCHOOL. Part III DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION

SCHOOL. Part III DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION NAME SCHOOL Part III DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION This question is based on the accompanying documents. The question is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents

More information

WESTERN IMPERIALISM AND ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM: what relation? Jamie Gough Department of Town and Regional Planning, Sheffield University

WESTERN IMPERIALISM AND ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM: what relation? Jamie Gough Department of Town and Regional Planning, Sheffield University WESTERN IMPERIALISM AND ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM: what relation? Jamie Gough Department of Town and Regional Planning, Sheffield University Lecture given 14 March 07 as part of Sheffield Student Union s

More information

More Iran Background ( ) EQ: What was the cultural climate in Iran like before and after the Revolution?

More Iran Background ( ) EQ: What was the cultural climate in Iran like before and after the Revolution? More Iran Background (152-154) EQ: What was the cultural climate in Iran like before and after the Revolution? Introduction Iran comes from the word Aryan. Aryans settled here in 1500 B.C. Descendents

More information

The Middle East Today: Political Map

The Middle East Today: Political Map The Middle East Today: Political Map 19 13 2 18 12 17 11--> 8--> 9 5 7 16 6

More information

Ottoman Empire. 1400s-1800s

Ottoman Empire. 1400s-1800s Ottoman Empire 1400s-1800s 1. Original location of the Ottoman Empire Asia Minor (Turkey) Origins of the Ottoman Empire After Muhammad s death in 632 A.D., Muslim faith & power spread throughout Middle

More information

- CENTRAL HISTORICAL QUESTION(S) HOW & WHY DID THE OTTOMAN-TURKS SCAPEGOAT THE ARMENIANS?

- CENTRAL HISTORICAL QUESTION(S) HOW & WHY DID THE OTTOMAN-TURKS SCAPEGOAT THE ARMENIANS? - WORLD HISTORY II UNIT SIX: WORLD WAR I LESSON 7 CW & HW NAME: BLOCK: - CENTRAL HISTORICAL QUESTION(S) HOW & WHY DID THE OTTOMAN-TURKS SCAPEGOAT THE ARMENIANS? WHAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TOTAL WAR

More information

TABLE OF CONTENTS UNIT 1 LONG AGO

TABLE OF CONTENTS UNIT 1 LONG AGO TABLE OF CONTENTS UNIT 1 LONG AGO IMPORTANT WORDS TO KNOW... 1 CHAPTER 1 LONG AGO LONG AGO... 2 FIRST CIVILIZATION... 3 EGYPT...4 FIRST EMPIRES... 5 INDIA AND CHINA... 6 CHAPTER 2 ANCIENT GREECE GREECE...

More information

Blowback. The Bush Doctrine 11/15/2018. What does Bill Kristol believe is the great threat for the future of the world?

Blowback. The Bush Doctrine 11/15/2018. What does Bill Kristol believe is the great threat for the future of the world? Blowback A CIA term meaning, the unintended consequences of foreign operations that were deliberately kept secret from the American public. So when retaliation comes, the American public is not able to

More information

CHAPTER 21. Central and Southwest Asia. Regional Atlas Study Guide. 2 Chapter 21. A. As You Read. B. Reviewing Vocabulary

CHAPTER 21. Central and Southwest Asia. Regional Atlas Study Guide. 2 Chapter 21. A. As You Read. B. Reviewing Vocabulary CHAPTER 21 Regional Atlas Study Guide Central and Southwest Asia Directions: As you work through the Regional Atlas, complete the chart below. Under each main idea, write two or three supporting details.

More information

Saturday, September 21, 13. Since Ancient Times

Saturday, September 21, 13. Since Ancient Times Since Ancient Times Judah was taken over by the Roman period. Jews would not return to their homeland for almost two thousand years. Settled in Egypt, Greece, France, Germany, England, Central Europe,

More information

Muslim Advances from Suleimaniye Mosque, Istanbul

Muslim Advances from Suleimaniye Mosque, Istanbul Muslim Advances from 1450-1800 Suleimaniye Mosque, Istanbul Rise of the Ottoman Turks! During the 13 th century, Turks under Osman begin building power in Anatolia they had received land in this area from

More information

Cultural Corner. More recent history

Cultural Corner. More recent history Cultural Corner More recent history In 1535 AD, Ottoman Turks took over Baghdad and ruled over Iraq until the Great War (World War I). When the Ottomans sided with Germany and the Central Powers, British

More information

19, 2007 EUROPEAN CHALLENGES TO THE MUSLIM WORLD

19, 2007 EUROPEAN CHALLENGES TO THE MUSLIM WORLD EUROPEAN CHALLENGES TO THE MUSLIM WORLD Stresses in the Muslim World Empires in Decline - 1700s - Muslim empires in India, Middle East, and Iran had been weakened - central govts. had lost control over

More information

Iran Iraq War ( ) Causes & Consequences

Iran Iraq War ( ) Causes & Consequences Iran Iraq War (1980 1988) Causes & Consequences In 1980 Saddam Hussein decided to invade Iran. Why? Religion Iran was governed by Muslim clerics (theocracy). By contrast, Iraq was a secular state. The

More information

Yemen. The conflict in Yemen is defined by the struggles between the Sunni-led government and

Yemen. The conflict in Yemen is defined by the struggles between the Sunni-led government and Yemen Background: The conflict in Yemen is defined by the struggles between the Sunni-led government and those who are allied to the Shia rebels, known as the Houthis. This struggle stems from the cultural

More information

Iran had limited natural resources Water was relatively scarce, and Iran s environment could only support a limited population Because of the heat,

Iran had limited natural resources Water was relatively scarce, and Iran s environment could only support a limited population Because of the heat, Ancient Iran Geography and Resources Iran s location, bounded by mountains, deserts, and the Persian Gulf, left it open to attack from Central Asian nomads The fundamental topographical features included

More information

The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and its Legacy. World War I spanned entire continents, and engulfed hundreds of nations into the

The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and its Legacy. World War I spanned entire continents, and engulfed hundreds of nations into the Andrew Sorensen Oxford Scholars World War I 7 November 2018 The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and its Legacy World War I spanned entire continents, and engulfed hundreds of nations into the deadliest conflict

More information

A Season of Nonviolence Be the Change (Service) For Older Children (Gr. 1-5) Sunday, February 4, 2018

A Season of Nonviolence Be the Change (Service) For Older Children (Gr. 1-5) Sunday, February 4, 2018 A Season of Nonviolence Be the Change (Service) For Older Children (Gr. 1-5) Sunday, February 4, 2018 This Week s Theme: I am the change the world needs today. I make a difference! Teacher Insights: A

More information

Introduction to Islam, SW Asia & North Africa

Introduction to Islam, SW Asia & North Africa Introduction to Islam, SW Asia & North Africa May 20, 2008 GEOG 1982 Islam History & Facts Distribution Veiling Political Islam History of SW Asia 20 th century Arab Israeli Conflict Northern Africa Lecture

More information

Chapter 22 Human Geography of Southwest Asia: Religion, Politics, and Oil

Chapter 22 Human Geography of Southwest Asia: Religion, Politics, and Oil SLIDE 1 Chapter 22 Human Geography of Southwest Asia: Religion, Politics, and Oil The rise of major religions thousands of years ago and the discovery of oil in the past century have drastically shaped

More information

Muslim Empires Chapter 19

Muslim Empires Chapter 19 Muslim Empires 1450-1800 Chapter 19 AGE OF GUNPOWDER EMPIRES 1450 1800 CHANGED THE BALANCE OF POWER This term applies to a number of states, all of which rapidly expanded during the late 15th and over

More information

Middle East Regional Review

Middle East Regional Review Middle East Regional Review Foundations-600 BCE Paleolithic (Old Stone Age)- to about 10,000 years ago Nomadic, Hunter-Gatherers Adapted to environment- use of fire, developed stone tools Summarize the

More information

Arabian Sea. National boundary National capital Other city. ~ Area occupied by ~ Israel since 1967 _ Palestinian selt-rule

Arabian Sea. National boundary National capital Other city. ~ Area occupied by ~ Israel since 1967 _ Palestinian selt-rule _ National boundary National capital Other city ~ Area occupied by ~ Israel since 1967 _ Palestinian selt-rule Arabian Sea Lambert Conlorma\ Conic projection ~C_reating the Modern Middle East. ection Preview

More information

Najam Rafique * * The reviewer is Director Research at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad.

Najam Rafique * * The reviewer is Director Research at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad. Rocky M. Mirza, How the West was Won and Lost: Athenian Democracy to the BRICS: 5 th Century BCE to 2016 (Trafford Publishing, USA & Canada, 2016), 613. Najam Rafique * The Chilcot Report, released on

More information

Muslim Civilizations

Muslim Civilizations Muslim Civilizations Muhammad the Prophet Born ca. 570 in Mecca Trading center; home of the Kaaba Marries Khadija At 40 he goes into the hills to meditate; God sends Gabriel with a call Khadija becomes

More information

The Middle East. Do Now: complete the reading The Middle East and Oil. The creation of Israel, The Iranian Revolution & Iraq and Saddam Hussein

The Middle East. Do Now: complete the reading The Middle East and Oil. The creation of Israel, The Iranian Revolution & Iraq and Saddam Hussein The Middle East Do Now: complete the reading The Middle East and Oil The creation of Israel, The Iranian Revolution & Iraq and Saddam Hussein Aim: How did the creation of Israel create conflict in the

More information

Erdogan, Joined Untouchables Tyrants Supporting Erdogan will create unprecedented chaos in the region and will create many versions of ISIS

Erdogan, Joined Untouchables Tyrants Supporting Erdogan will create unprecedented chaos in the region and will create many versions of ISIS Erdogan, Joined Untouchables Tyrants Supporting Erdogan will create unprecedented chaos in the region and will create many versions of ISIS The Erdogan military aggression against the Kurds in EFRIN is

More information

Chapter 8: Political Geography KEY ISSUES #3 & #4

Chapter 8: Political Geography KEY ISSUES #3 & #4 Chapter 8: Political Geography KEY ISSUES #3 & #4 Key Issue #3 WHY DO STATES COOPERATE WITH EACH OTHER? United Nations 1. 49 in 45, 192 in 07 2. 1955 (16) Euro. Countries liberated from Nazi s -1960 (17)

More information

How the Relationship between Iran and America. Led to the Iranian Revolution

How the Relationship between Iran and America. Led to the Iranian Revolution Page 1 How the Relationship between Iran and America Led to the Iranian Revolution Writer s Name July 13, 2005 G(5) Advanced Academic Writing Page 2 Thesis This paper discusses U.S.-Iranian relationships

More information

21 THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA

21 THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA 21 THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA 1880s 1990s COMMENTARY NATIONALISM AND TECHNOLOGY IN WEST ASIA AND NORTH AFRICA Chapter 21 surveys the recent history of the region usually referred to as the Middle

More information

Part II-Hist 1112 Assessment. 20 Multiple Choice questions. Each question is worth one point (20 points total).

Part II-Hist 1112 Assessment. 20 Multiple Choice questions. Each question is worth one point (20 points total). World History Since 1500 Study Guide Test # 3 Please bring two Green Scantron forms for this test (available in the GPC bookstore) along with a number 2 pencil. The professor will not provide them. The

More information

War on Terrorism Notes

War on Terrorism Notes War on Terrorism Notes Member of Ba'ath Party Mixing Arab nationalist, pan Arabism, Arab socialist and antiimperialist interests. Becomes president in 1979 Iranians and Iraqis fight because of religious

More information

Cultural Geography of North Africa, Southwest, and Central Asia. Chapter 18, Section 1: North Africa

Cultural Geography of North Africa, Southwest, and Central Asia. Chapter 18, Section 1: North Africa Cultural Geography of North Africa, Southwest, and Central Asia Chapter 18, Section 1: North Africa Important Vocabulary Nomad: groups of people who move from place to place depending on the season and

More information

[ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq

[ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq [ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq [ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq Learning Objectives Describe the civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia. Explain the origins and beliefs of Islam, including the significance

More information

Southwest Asia (Middle East) History Vocabulary Part 1

Southwest Asia (Middle East) History Vocabulary Part 1 Southwest Asia (Middle East) History Vocabulary Part 1 Mandate An official order to carry out something example The government issued a mandate for citizens to carry identification. Partition To divide

More information

War in Afghanistan War in Iraq Arab Spring War in Syria North Korea 1950-

War in Afghanistan War in Iraq Arab Spring War in Syria North Korea 1950- War in Afghanistan 2001-2014 War in Iraq 2003-2010 Arab Spring 2010-2011 War in Syria 2011- North Korea 1950- Began as a result of 9/11 attacks September 11, 2001 Four hijacked planes in the U.S. Two crashed

More information

Deserts. the Empty Quarter is the largest sand desert in the world.

Deserts. the Empty Quarter is the largest sand desert in the world. Saudi Arabia GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES Saudi Arabia Part of the Arabian Peninsula Saudi Arabia is one fourth the size of the United States Deserts cover much of the east and south There are mountain ranges in

More information

BIRTH-PLACE OF GANDHIJI Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born at Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi s home at Porbandar in Gujarat on 2 nd October 1869.

BIRTH-PLACE OF GANDHIJI Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born at Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi s home at Porbandar in Gujarat on 2 nd October 1869. 1 BIRTH-PLACE OF GANDHIJI Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born at Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi s home at Porbandar in Gujarat on 2 nd October 1869. 2 TRUTHFULLNESS A) Once Mohan stole a bit of Gold, but

More information

Oil in the Middle East

Oil in the Middle East Oil in the Middle East OPEC Member NaEons About 2/3 of the world s known oil reserves are located in the Middle East Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, & other countries have obtained great wealth from

More information

What would the reasons be for feeling that way? (Ask them to refer to specific details from the narrative here.)

What would the reasons be for feeling that way? (Ask them to refer to specific details from the narrative here.) Page 1 Arab lands role play Understanding Arab hopes for an Arab nation You could use this activity with pages 4 5 of the booklet What caused 9/11? The role play does not involve any students needing to

More information

OTTOMAN EMPIRE. UNIT V: Industrialization and Global Interactions

OTTOMAN EMPIRE. UNIT V: Industrialization and Global Interactions OTTOMAN EMPIRE UNIT V: Industrialization and Global Interactions 1750-1914 PROBLEMS FACED BY THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE Succession of weak sultans led to power struggle between ministers, religious experts, and

More information

Safavid Empire Timeline. By:Hayden Galloway and Bella Acuña

Safavid Empire Timeline. By:Hayden Galloway and Bella Acuña Safavid Empire Timeline By:Hayden Galloway and Bella Acuña Prezi Presentation https://prezi.com/qtaekkdks4jc/the-safavid-empire/ Event 1: Ismail s Conquest Ismail s Conquest His family were Shia Islam

More information

The Gulf States in the Modern Era

The Gulf States in the Modern Era The Gulf States in the Modern Era (Week 2: Those Pesky British and Their Hobby of Making Borders) OLLI Fall 2018-Janice Lee Jayes- (jjayes@ilstu.edu) It was during the British era (mid 1800s to mid 1900s)

More information

LEADERSHIP IN HISTORY. From: Judith Wellermann Matriculation number:

LEADERSHIP IN HISTORY. From: Judith Wellermann Matriculation number: LEADERSHIP IN HISTORY From: Judith Wellermann Matriculation number: 018101736 Agenda 1. Introduction: Great leaders in history 2. The great leader Mahatma Gandhi 3. Value-driven leadership 4. Transformational

More information

One thousand years ago the nations and peoples of Europe,

One thousand years ago the nations and peoples of Europe, Geographical Worlds at the Time of the Crusades 1 One thousand years ago the nations and peoples of Europe, western Asia, and the Middle East held differing cultural and religious beliefs. For hundreds

More information

This section intentionally blank

This section intentionally blank WEEK 1-1 1. In what city do you live? 2. In what county do you live? 1. In what state do you live? 2. In what country do you live? 1. On what continent do you live? (p. RA6) 2. In what two hemispheres

More information

Your Period 3 Maps are due NOW! Make sure your name is on the front page- submit it in the tray. This week s HW/Reading Schedule

Your Period 3 Maps are due NOW! Make sure your name is on the front page- submit it in the tray. This week s HW/Reading Schedule Your Period 3 Maps are due NOW! Make sure your name is on the front page- submit it in the tray. This week s HW/Reading Schedule Tonight s HW: Intro to Period 4 (610-615), Ch. 13 pp. 617-626. Finish taking

More information

Rise and Spread of Islam

Rise and Spread of Islam Rise and Spread of Islam I. Byzantine Regions A. Almost entirely Christian by 550 CE B. Priests and monks numerous - needed much money and food to support I. Byzantine Regions C. Many debates about true

More information

Making of the Modern World 13 New Ideas and Cultural Contacts Spring 2016, Lecture 4. Fall Quarter, 2011

Making of the Modern World 13 New Ideas and Cultural Contacts Spring 2016, Lecture 4. Fall Quarter, 2011 Making of the Modern World 13 New Ideas and Cultural Contacts Spring 2016, Lecture 4 Fall Quarter, 2011 Two things: the first is that you are the sultan of the universe and the ruler of the world, and

More information

Chapter 18. The Cultural Geography of North Africa, Southwest and Central Asia

Chapter 18. The Cultural Geography of North Africa, Southwest and Central Asia Chapter 18 The Cultural Geography of North Africa, Southwest and Central Asia Chapter Objectives Explain population patterns found in North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia. Discuss the history

More information

Creation of Israel. Essential Question: What are the key factors that led to the creation of the modern state of Israel?

Creation of Israel. Essential Question: What are the key factors that led to the creation of the modern state of Israel? Creation of Israel Essential Question: What are the key factors that led to the creation of the modern state of Israel? (AKS #49b) Palestine Was Part Of Ottoman Empire I. Fall of the Ottoman Empire A.

More information

Islam. By: Mr. Galfayan, Ms. Tejeda Olvera, Mr. Soto. 5th Grade Textbook

Islam. By: Mr. Galfayan, Ms. Tejeda Olvera, Mr. Soto. 5th Grade Textbook Islam By: Mr. Galfayan, Ms. Tejeda Olvera, Mr. Soto 5th Grade Textbook The Spread of a Culture Imagine you are in a city filled with many different cultures and the religion of Islam in the mid-1100s.

More information

Name: Date: Period: 1. Using p , mark the approximate boundaries of the Ottoman Empire and the Qing Empire

Name: Date: Period: 1. Using p , mark the approximate boundaries of the Ottoman Empire and the Qing Empire Name: Date: Period: Chapter 26 Reading Guide Civilizations in Crisis: The Ottoman Empire, the Islamic Heartlands, and Qing China p.602-624 1. Using p.614-615, mark the approximate boundaries of the Ottoman

More information

Syria's Civil War Explained

Syria's Civil War Explained Syria's Civil War Explained By Al Jazeera, adapted by Newsela staff on 02.22.17 Word Count 1,055 Level 1000L A displaced Syrian child, fleeing from Deir Ezzor besieged by Islamic State (IS) group fighters,

More information

Westernization and Modernization

Westernization and Modernization Westernization and Modernization Western Europeans came to India for their purposes in the late fifteenth century: spices and enormous profits. Admiral Vasco da Gama led a tiny fleet of three cannon-bearing

More information

Iran Hostage Crisis

Iran Hostage Crisis Iran Hostage Crisis 1979 1981 The Iran Hostage Crisis lasted from 1979 until 1980. Earlier American intervention with Iran led to this incident. During World War II, the Axis Powers were threatening to

More information

11/24/2015. Islam. Outcome: Islamic Empires

11/24/2015. Islam. Outcome: Islamic Empires Islam Outcome: Islamic Empires 1 Constructive Response Question 3.Generalize who were the Ottomans, Mughals, and Safavids? 2 What will we learn? 1.Islamic culture 2.The Ottoman Empire 3.The Mughals 4.The

More information

Chapter 10, Lesson 3 Kingdoms & Crusades. It Matters Because: The development of law & government during the Middle Ages still affects us today.

Chapter 10, Lesson 3 Kingdoms & Crusades. It Matters Because: The development of law & government during the Middle Ages still affects us today. Chapter 10, Lesson 3 Kingdoms & Crusades It Matters Because: The development of law & government during the Middle Ages still affects us today. I. Royal Power in England A. Late 800s, Viking raids nearly

More information

Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station

Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station a. Explain the difference between an ethnic group and a religious group. Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station An ethnic group is a group of people who share cultural ideas and beliefs that have been a part

More information

Key Terms and People. Section Summary. The Later Middle Ages Section 1

Key Terms and People. Section Summary. The Later Middle Ages Section 1 The Later Middle Ages Section 1 MAIN IDEAS 1. Popes and kings ruled Europe as spiritual and political leaders. 2. Popes fought for power, leading to a permanent split within the church. 3. Kings and popes

More information

Islam - Exercises 1. How many Muslims are there in our world today? Where do most of them live? Name countries with a large Muslim population!

Islam - Exercises 1. How many Muslims are there in our world today? Where do most of them live? Name countries with a large Muslim population! Islam - Exercises 1 1 Answer the following questions in your own words! How many Muslims are there in our world today? Where do most of them live? Name countries with a large Muslim population! Which prophets

More information

Chapter 7: North Africa and Southwest Asia Part One: pages Teacher Notes

Chapter 7: North Africa and Southwest Asia Part One: pages Teacher Notes I. Major Geographic Qualities Chapter 7: North Africa and Southwest Asia Part One: pages 342-362 Teacher Notes 1) Several of the world s greatest civilizations based in its river valleys and basins 2)

More information

GROUP 4: The President s Daily Bulletin Communist Threat in Iran

GROUP 4: The President s Daily Bulletin Communist Threat in Iran GROUP 4: The President s Daily Bulletin Communist Threat in Iran 1935: Timeline The Anglo Persian Oil Company, Ltd. (APOC) was formed to export oil from Iranian fields. (APOC was later renamed the Anglo-Iranian

More information

The Roots of the Iraq and Syria Wars Go Back More than 60 Years. By Washington's Blog. Global Research, August 16, 2014

The Roots of the Iraq and Syria Wars Go Back More than 60 Years. By Washington's Blog. Global Research, August 16, 2014 The Roots of the Iraq and Syria Wars Go Back More than 60 Years By Washington's Blog Global Research, August 16, 2014 It s Always Been about Oil and Pipelines The same issues which drove war and terrorism

More information

Coffeehouse Research Days. Essential Question: Have you ever been to a coffeehouse? What did you do there?

Coffeehouse Research Days. Essential Question: Have you ever been to a coffeehouse? What did you do there? Days Three and Four Coffeehouse Research Days Essential Question: Have you ever been to a coffeehouse? What did you do there? Turkish Coffeehouses During Ottoman times coffeehouses were places where men

More information

UNIT 7 SOUTHWEST ASIA

UNIT 7 SOUTHWEST ASIA UNIT 7 SOUTHWEST ASIA CHAPTER 21 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTHWEST ASIA: HARSH AND ARID LANDS 21.1: LANDFORMS AND RESOURCES The Arabian Peninsula Most distinctive landform in in SW Asia Borders: The Anatolian

More information

Bell-Ringer What makes someone great? **List several examples***

Bell-Ringer What makes someone great? **List several examples*** Bell-Ringer What makes someone great? **List several examples*** Alexander the Great Essential Question: How did Alexander build his empire? Alexander s Empire What do you think? It only took 11 years!!!!

More information

Education and State Control in Turkey and Iran: Playing the Same Game, Following the Same Rules

Education and State Control in Turkey and Iran: Playing the Same Game, Following the Same Rules Education and State Control in Turkey and Iran: Playing the Same Game, Following the Same Rules Kismet El Husseiny, Support Teacher at El Alsson International School kelhusseiny@gmail.com Introduction

More information