AP World History Study Guide Unit 3B Name China & the Mongols (Ch 15, 18) Score / Hour November 2, 2012

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1 AP World History Study Guide Unit 3B Name China & the Mongols (Ch 15, 18) Score / Hour Big Question: Why doesn t Song China have an industrial revolution? Relevant Reading Text & Secondary Sources Bentley, Ch 15 The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia Bentley, Ch 18 Nomadic Empires & Eurasian Integration (Mongols) Numerous short readings on the Mongols Who Were the Mongol People? Who Was Chinggis Khan? General History Vocabulary cosmopolitan, currency, metallurgy, nomadic, pastoral, plague People Could an Empire be Ruled from Horseback? Judging the Mongols Mongol Chronology Name Theme(s) Place/Time Significance (What did this person do?) Related Tang Taizong 386, 378 Uighurs WEEgoors 389, 380 Zhu Xi 403, 395 Temujin 477, 467 Chinggis Khan, or Genghis Khan Marco Polo 479, 481, 469, 471 Khubilai Khan 480, 470 Tamerlane (Timur the Lame) 487, 477 Mehmed II the Conqueror 490, 480 APWH Themes: 1 = H-E Interaction; 2 = Cultural Dev & Interaction; 3 = Politics; 4 = Economic; 5 = Social

2 Unit 3B Study Guide 2 Vocabulary / Historical Events / Trends Term Theme(s) Place/Time Definition & Significance Related bushido 408, - & handout, p. 342 daimyo handout p. 361 Grand Canal 385, 377 equal-field system 386, 378 civil service exams 387, 379 fast-ripening rice 392, 383 gunpowder 395, 387 block-printing 395, 387 flying cash 397, 389 foot binding 394, 386 Neo-Confucianism 402, 395 Nam Viet 404, 397 The Tale of Genji 406, 399 shogun 407, 400 Kamakura & Muromachi Shogunates 408, 400 APWH Themes: 1 = H-E Interaction; 2 = Cultural Dev & Interaction; 3 = Politics; 4 = Economic; 5 = Social

3 Unit 3B Study Guide 3 samurai 408, 400 seppuku or 1 hara-kiri 408, Khan 474, 464 Battle of Manzikert 475, 465 Yuan Dynasty 481, 486, 471, 476 kamikaze 481, 471 ilkhanate 482, 472 map, 481, 471 Bubonic Plague 486, 476 Short Answer Based on some of the feedback several of you have given me re: previous study guides, I ve tried to reverse engineer the questions on the next unit test. The result is the Short Answer questions below. Hopefully these will help you focus your studying efforts. Tang/Song China & East Asia 1. Which religions/belief systems were the most common during the Tang dynasty? 2. How much of the Han Dynasty s governmental techniques/structure did the Tang dynasty copy? How did the Tang dynasty attempt to avoid the problem(s) that had caused the Han Dynasty to end? How well did their attempts work, and what caused their attempt(s) to work/not work? 3. What new class of military official emerged in Japan in the post-classical era? What were their responsibilities/functions? 4. What differences existed in the rights granted men and women in post-classical China? How did those differences vary by social class? 5. How did the civil service examination system in China compare to other post-classical empires bureaucracies? 6. What was unique/notable about The Tale of Genji? 7. Compare the distribution of political power during the Nara, Heian, Kamakura, and Muromachi eras in Japan. 8. Why didn t Song China have an Industrial Revolution? (They seemed to have all the necessary ingredients. ) 1 also known as hari kari

4 Unit 3B Study Guide 4 9. What Chinese cultural characteristics were adopted by Japan, Korea, & Vietnam? (Or influenced by China?) Japan Korea Vietnam Ch 18 Mongols 10. How did the Mongols, with only a small population, conquer such a vast territory? What military, governmental, economic, and psychological methods did the Mongols use? 11. What caused the Mongols to stop expanding/conquering (E, SE, S, SW Asia, and into Europe?) 12. How did the Mongols affect the economy of Eurasia during their rule? How did they affect diffusion in other areas: culture, technology; languages, biology; science? 13. What challenges did the Mongols face in ruling China? What practices/policies did they use to strengthen their rule? Which of their policies do you think was a mistake, and which do you agree with? (and why?) 14. Why did the Mongol Empire break up? Why were they able to last as long as they did?

5 Unit 3B Study Guide 5 Yangtze Bodies of Water Yellow (Huang He) E. China Sea S. China Sea Sea of Japan Grand Canal Rivers Yellow (Huang He) Cities Kyoto (Japan) Chang an Beijing Kaifeng Hangzhou Color & Outline the borders of the Sui, Tang, & Song Dynasties

6 Unit 3B Study Guide 6 Label & Color the 4 Khanates: Great Khan Ilkhanate of Persia Golden Horde Chagatai (Jagatai) Cities: Baghdad Moscow Karakorum Samarkand Khanbaliq (Beijing)

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