Geography 3 rd Quarter Test Asia, North America, and South America

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1 North and South America Geography 3 rd Quarter Test Asia, North America, and South America 1. Which of these civilizations came first? a. Olmecs b. Toltecs c. Aztecs d. Mayans 2. Which city is the capital of the Aztecs? a. Teotihuacan b. Tenochitlan c. Texcoco d. Teochituacoco 3. Monks mound was a site of which of the following people? a. Fremont people b. Mississippian Valley people c. Toltecs d. Zapotecs 4. Which of the following was not a staple in the diets of Mesoamericans? a. Maize b. Gourds c. Chiles d. Bananas 5. What was the name of the land bridge that connected Asia and North America? a. Beringia b. Bering Straight c. Mammoth Alley d. Ketchikan 6. Which of the following is the result of the rain shadow effect? a. The Andes b. Monks Mound c. Patagonia d. Mississippi River 7. What mountain range did the Incan people live in? a. Andes b. Mexican High Plateaus c. Rocky Mountains d. Sierra Nevadas

2 8. The legend of Quetzalcoatl said that a. One day he would return to avenge those that were lost b. One day he would return with peace c. Human sacrifice was required to prevent his apocalypse d. Human sacrifice was required for good harvests 9. What civilization created geoglyphs of a monkey and spider that could have been tribute to the gods or tools for navigation? a. Moche b. Chavin c. Nazca d. Incan 10. Early Americans relied on large animals for food until they were eventually hunted to extinction, which of the following best represents an animals that would have been hunted by early Americans? a. Chickens b. Horses c. Mammoths d. Wild dog Asia True/False Questions: (A for True)(B for False) 11. The Mongols provided a great deal of freedom to conquered people. 12. Both Buddhism and Hinduism believe in reincarnation 13. Buddhism is a religion that broke away from Judaism 14. China s two major rivers are prone to disastrous flooding. 15. The Dynastic Cycle in China allowed for multiple dynasties to rule China at the same time. 16. China was the first civilization to invent the compass. 17. Both men and women could serve in the Chinese government as scholar-officials. 18. Japan embraced interaction between themselves and foreign countries throughout its history. 19. Japan contains only 4 islands. 20. Asoka destroyed the Kingdom of Kalinga

3 Definitions 21. A pattern that describes the rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties a. Mandate of Heaven b. Dynastic Cycle c. Feudalism d. Bureaucracy 22. A ruling family of a country a. Bureaucracy b. Feudalism c. Mandate of Heaven d. Dynasty 23. A government system that uses punishment to scare people into obeying the law a. Legalism b. Confucianism c. Feudalism d. Mandate of Heaven 24. Having the divine right to rule over a country from generation to generation a. Feudalism b. Shintoism c. Mandate of Heaven d. Dynastic Cycle 25. Fertile soil carried by rivers in China a. Yangtze b. Yellow c. Loess d. Shang 26. Local people who are controlled by nobles who take power from the king a. Bureaucracy b. Legalism c. Feudalism d. Dynastic Cycle 27. A philosophy that focuses on relationships between people to maintain peace a. Confucianism b. Yin and Yang c. Shintoism d. Feudalism

4 28. A philosophy focusing on balancing opposites a. Confucianism b. Yin and Yang c. Shintoism d. Feudalism 29. A society s view of what is right and what is wrong a. Confucianism b. Morality c. Feudalism d. Yin and Yang 30. A trained leadership using the smartest people to rule a. Feudalism b. Legalism c. Confucianism d. Bureaucracy 31. An item used to predict the future a. Samurai b. Oracle Bones c. Yin and Yang d. Shogun 32. A type of trained soldier in Japan a. Dynasty b. Emperor c. Shogun d. Samurai

5 Application Questions 33. How was China geographically isolated from influence from other civilizations? a. It was surrounded by large deserts to the west b. It was 1000s of miles from other established civilizations c. It had the Himalaya Mountains to the south d. All of the above are true 34. Which of the following is true about Buddhism? a. It was founded by an Indian prince who ran away from the palace b. It teaches people to follow the six step path to enlightenment c. It is only practiced in India and nowhere else d. It is the oldest religion practiced in the world today 35. Which of the following is the goal of Hinduism? a. Karma b. Dharma c. Brahman d. Jnana Yoga 36. Why is the Japanese culture so unique from other Asian cultures? a. It is a blend of all Asian cultures b. The Japanese isolated themselves from the rest of the world for 100s of years c. Japan is the mother culture of all Asian civilizations d. Japanese culture is based on American culture 37. What is true about the Great Wall of China? a. It prevented the Mongols from invading China b. You can see the Great Wall of China from the surface of the Moon c. It was built as a way to prevent the Chinese people from escaping to other countries d. It was built in dozens of smaller sections that were unconnected 38. Which of the following is NOT a relationship focused on when practicing Confucianism? a. Father & Son b. Teacher & Student c. Friend & Friend d. Ruler & Subject

6 39. What became a closely guarded secret in China? a. The forging of iron b. Paper production c. Records of the Grand Historian d. Silk production 40. The moral code that directs the lifestyle for Japanese samurais is known as what? a. Chivalry b. Heian Culture c. Kamikaze d. Bushido 41. Which of the following is not a path to moksha? a. Brahman b. Karma c. Dharma d. Jnana Yoga 42. Which civilization had more matriarchal families? a. Mauryan Empire b. Zhou Dynasty c. Gupta Empire d. Tamil Empire 43. Which of the following are differences between Buddhism and Hinduism? a. Rituals and Reincarnation b. Temples and Religious Hierarchy c. Rituals and Religious Hierarchy d. Temples and Reincarnation 44. Which of the following focused on relationships between people? a. Legalism b. Shintoism c. Confucianism d. Buddhism

7 45. The dynastic cycle was most influenced by. a. Chinese Tradional Ancestry b. Legalism c. Confucianism d. The Mandate of Heaven 46. Which religion in Japan can be linked in an intense respect for nature? a. Buddhism b. Taoism c. Bushido d. Shintoism 47. Which civilization waa not influenced by India? a. Dai Viet b. Khmer c. Sailendra d. Sumatra 48. Who was the first female emperor of China? a. Wu Zhao b. Lin Wu c. Kublai Khan d. Zhang He 49. Rice from which of the following counties helped to increase populations across Asian civilizations? a. Japan b. Korea c. China d. Vietnam 50. How do Legalism and Confucianism vary? a. Legalism sees education as harmful, Confucianism sees education as helpful b. Legalism sees education as helpful, Confucianism sees education as harmful c. Legalism was used more in China while Confucianism was used more in India d. Confucianism was used more in Japan while Legalism was used more in China

8 51. Chinese ships during the era of Marco Polo were a. Smaller than European ships b. Bigger than European ships c. Faster than European ships d. Similar to European ships 52. The Yuan dynasty was a. Run by the first Chinese Empress b. Responsible for building the Great Wall c. Run by Kublai Kahn d. Responsible for creating the Mandate of Heaven 53. The Mahabodi temple is a. The largest temple currently known to humanity b. The funeral site of Chandragupta c. Full of terracotta soldiers to protect the temple d. Built by Asoka for the site of Buddha s meditation 54. The Han Dynasty established the use of which type of bureaucracy? a. Eunuch b. Concubine c. Confucian d. Buddhist 55. China had 10 cities with over 1,000,000 people during which dynasty? a. Han b. Tang c. Song d. Zhao 56. The purpose of Foot Binding in Chinese culture was to: a. Cripple women b. Show off a person s wealth c. Pay tribute to the gods d. None of the Above

9 57. What is the basis of Hindu culture and the caste system? a. Combination of Aryan and Indus Civilizations b. Combination of Tamils and Guptas Civilizations c. Combination of Aryan and Guptas Civilizations d. Combination of Tamils and Indus Civilizations 58. The Hindu and Buddhist practice of nonviolence is known as: a. Brahman b. Ahimsa c. Moksha d. Samudra 59. Most families in the Gupta empire were: a. Patriarchal b. Matriarchal c. Both Patriarchal and Matriarchal d. Neither Patriarchal or Matriarchal 60. Due to the mountainous terrain across Asia, what type of innovation was created? a. Spices b. Compass c. Gunpowder d. Terracing 61. Under which dynasty was iron working perfected? a. Zhou b. Song c. Han d. Tang 62. When Japan had both a Shogun and an Emperor, how was the government frequently run in Japan? a. The people had more control of the government b. The Shogun had more control of the government c. The Emperor had control over the Shogun d. The Emperor and Shogun fairly shared power of the government

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