1 Hindu Hinduism Sacred Images Narrative Traditions
2 We have already learned that the stories of Hinduism came from the Vedic Texts. In the course of the first Millennium BCE the Vedas were succeeded by the Upanishads and Brahmans. Even at that point there is no mention of Vishnu, Shiva or Shakti only Bramah.
3 The next significant Sanskrit texts are the Ramayana or Mahabharata (including Bhagavad Gita) and epics composed in about the 4 th -3 rd centuries BCE. ( BCE) Poetic narratives assume the existence of divine figures who manifest themselves to their human worshippers. The complex myths of the Bhagavad Gita, Mahabharata (mah-bra-ata) and Ramayana were of crucial importance in shaping the personalities and aspects of the Hindu deities.
4 But it wasn t until the first or second century CE when these legends shifted to the personalities of Shiva, Vishnu and Shakti. Though they were mentioned in the Vedic texts much earlier.
5 Sacred Images Though there is a wide array of images in Hindu art there is a consistency in the representation of the various personalities. This is because of the canons that guided sculptors and painters.
6 Image-making manuals guided artisans on how to work by defined rules. It was only by working according to these strict rules could the deity be persuaded to inhabit the image. Remember the importance of this from earlier beliefs? Dancing Shiva,
7 A fundamental principle of Hindu theology is the concept of multiplicity. The major deities are worshipped in a large variety of forms that reflect their powers and natures. Shiva as a multi headed Lingam, represents regeneration.
8 In order to express super-human powers Hindu divinities are often represented with multiple arms, heads or with animals. Hybrid creatures combine animal and human (in avatars of Vishnu and yoginis) Dancing Shiva, rock-cut relief in cave temple, Badami, India, late sixth century.
9 Main Deities Brama--the god responsible for creation. Shiva is lord of destruction and practitioner of more peaceful arts Vishnu s avatars enumerate the occasions when the god comes to earth to save mankind. Krisna appears as a mischievous child, flirtations cowherd and wise charioteer. Shakti s appearances range from goddesses of annihilation and death to those who guarantee peace and prosperity.
11 Brama--the god responsible for creation -essence of all beings past, present, future. -sustains and governs the universe
12 Brahma 4 heads, 4 faces, 4 arms Unlike other gods, he has no weapons but holds symbols of knowledge and creation: Ladle to feed the sacrificial fire A vessel for water where all creation comes Prayer beads A scroll the Vedas Often sitting on a lotus (symbol of nature and living essence) Wears a crown
13 Here he is riding his swan.
14 Vishnu--the god responsible for creation -essence of all beings past, present, future. -sustains and governs the universe Vishnu standing, 12 th Century Vishnu riding Garuda, 4-5 th Cent. Vietnam
15 Usually depicted Blue color With four arms. In each hand he holds: Lotus Flower Mace (used in warfare) Conch Discus weapon
16 The Bhagavad Gita describes Vishnu as the all-pervading essence of all beings, the master of and beyond the past, present and future, the creator and destroyer of all existences, one who supports, preserves, sustains and governs the universe and originates and develops all elements within.
17 Vishnu descends to earth on the back of Garuda (mythical bird creature that appears in both Buddhist and Hindu mythology. Sometimes shown as an eagle.) to deliver Gajendra, and elephant devotee of the god who had been trapped in a lotus pond. Snake king and queen have captured him. Dashavatara temple, Madhya Pradesh
18 Vishnu is either worshiped as himself as he reclines and rests on the king of the serpent deities.. Here he Narayana who reclines on the serpent Ananta (Infinity) afloat the casual waters. As he dreams, a lotus arises from his navel, bearing Brahma the personification of the creative principle inherent in Consciousness.
19 Vishnu is worshiped as one of his 10 avitars The most famous are: Rama Krishna
20 Krishna Battles the Armies of the Demon Naraka: Page from a Dispersed Bhagavata Purana (Ancient Stories of Lord Vishnu), ca India, Delhi-Agra area Ink and opaque watercolor on paper 7 x 9 1/8 in. (17.8 x 23.2 cm Krishna as Cowherd 1860 India, Delhi-Agra area guache on paper
21 Vishnu s wife is Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth, fortune and prosperity (material and spiritual). The worship of Lakshmi, predates that of Vishnu. Images of her have been found in the Indus Valley area as far back as 1,000 BCE She is also worshiped as a Jain Goddess.
22 Shiva worshiped as the destroyer and transformer. Depicted as: -Lingam -A yogi -A man with his wife, Parvati and sons Ganesha and Kartikeya -The Cosmic Dancer -Slaying Demon --Ardhanarishvara, Shiva and Devi (male and female) v=vtvktvopjwy
23 Linga Ardhanarishvara Shiva as male/ female Shiva as Sadashiva note attributes
24 Shiva- as the cosmic dancer. Here, Shiva embodies perfect physical qualities as he is frozen in the moment of his dance within the cosmic circle of fire that is the creation and destruction of the universe. The ring of fire that surrounds the figure is the encapsulated cosmos of mass, time, and space, whose endless cycle of annihilation and regeneration moves in tune to the beat of Shiva s drum and the rhythm of his steps. Dancing Shiva,
25 Shiva- as the cosmic dancer. When the worshiper comes before the statue and begins to pray, faith activates the divine energy inherent in the statue, and at that moment, Shiva is present. Shiva as Lord of the Dance (Nataraja), c. 11th century, Copper alloy, Chola period,
26 Shakti Female aspect of the divine. Goddesses as childbearing, nourishing and maternal divinity. Creative energy as Parvati or Devi, Shakti personifies the benign and bountiful nature of Shiva.
27 Meaning power or empowerment, Shakti also appears as her avitar, Parvati, the consort of Shiva. 11 th century & 11 th or 10th
28 Unknown to Vedic literature, Durga, appears in the middle ages. Her legends depict an angry, ferocious aspects of a mother goddess. She manifests as a goddess with eight or ten arms holding weapons and skulls of demons, and is astride on a tiger or lion.[
29 Ganesha the elephant-deity riding a mouse. The son of Shiva and Parvati, He is the Lord of success and destroyer of evils and obstacles.
30 He is also worshipped as the god of education, knowledge, wisdom and wealth. In fact, Ganesha is one of the five prime Hindu gods.
31 Beginnings: second century BCE to second century ADE While sacred scriptures of Hinduism date back to the middle of the first Millennium BCE, Hindu architecture and art are relatively late. Nothing associated with Hindu culture exist prior to the fifth century. This doesn t mean there were no shrines but rather that they have not survived.
32 The stone icons found during this time do not depict the gods or goddesses of Hinduism; instead they show human-like spirits implying wealth and abundance these are the yaksha images.
33 The stone icons found during this time do not depict the gods or goddesses of Hinduism; instead they show human-like spirits implying wealth and abundance these are the yaksha images.
34 The Buddhist Heritage The beginning of Hindu architecture and sculpture are indebted to the art of Buddhism. After being adopted by Ashoka Buddhism became the dominant state religion from the 2 nd century BCE onward. Because of the active policy of propagation by Ashoka and his successors, it was the first religion in India to exploit the possibilities of an official art realized in permanent materials.
35 seated images of the Buddha meditating beneath the multihooded canopy of the serpent Muchalinda resembled those of Vishnu protected by Anata.
36 Reclining images of the Buddha dying resemble those of Vishnu floating on the cosmic ocean.
37 Some deities make an appearance in both Hindu and Buddhist pantheons, the goddess Lakshmi, for one. Nagas with human upper bodies sheltered by serpent hoods and the river goddesses Ganga and Yamuna, embracing mithunas (union of male and female), and pot bellied ganas.
38 The ubiquitous lotus, the basis of virtually all ornament in India, has a long and varied history in both Buddhist and Hindu traditions.
39 Shunga, 2nd Century BCE, Lakshmi as the lotus goddess bathed by elephants holding uptruned pots in their trunks. All are standing on the lotus flowers emanating from a single pot. Note: book has a similar image but is located from a raling post of the stupa at Bharhut in Madhya Pradesh.
40 Youthful Krisna fighting the horse demon Keshi. Plaque from ruined temple in Uttar Pradesh, Gupta period. Krisna s aggressive kicking posture combined with the tightly framed composition convey the violence between the god and the demon.
Hindu Beginnings: second century BCE to second century CE Chapter 2 While sacred scriptures of Hinduism date back to the middle of the first Millennium BCE, Hindu architecture and art are relatively late.
Who Hindus Worship Many Hindus understand God to be Brahman or the Absolute -- an ever-present, all-powerful presence beyond form and comprehension. Brahman has no attributes, whether physical characteristics
Key questions: Hinduism! Where did Hinduism originate?! Who founded Hinduism?! Hinduism is considered a major world religion. Why?! What is the goal or ultimate reality according to Hinduism? Basics of
In the Beginning Creation Myths Hinduism Buddhism In the second millennium BCE (2000 BCE) Indus valley cities disappeared. A series of invasions by Aryan people who introduced Sancrit, (the language of
Religions of South Asia 2500 250 BC Hinduism gave birth to Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism Christianity Jesus Christ, son of God the Bible Islam Muhammadlast prophet to talk to Allah t he Quran Do you think
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8nn5uqe3c9w Indo-Aryan Migration: Waves of migration into the Indus Valley from people from Eastern Europe & Central Asia. Indus valley people were made up of local, dark
DEITIES Terms Brahman: the concept of the Godhead found in Hinduism. Brahman is the unchanging, infinite, immanent, and transcendent reality which is the Divine Ground of all matter, energy, time, space,
HINDU GODS AND GODDESSES 1. BRAHMA The first deity of the Hindu trinity, Lord Brahma is considered to be the god of Creation, including the cosmos and all of its beings. Brahma also symbolizes the mind
HINDU MUGHAL EMPIRE AND LATE HINDU p. 133-212 Hindu Art INDIA REVIVAL 15 TH TO 18 TH CENTURIES At the very end of the 12 th century Northern India was overwhelmed by Muslim invasion from Afghanistan and
Basic Hindu Beliefs & the Caste System (Social Structure) Caste System Strict social structure where the caste you are born into is the one you stay in the whole of your life; you do not mix with anyone
Thursday, February 23, 17 World Religions: Hinduism Objec+ve: Complete Warm-Up, discuss Do-Now, complete outline notes on Hinduism Do Now: What two major powers have controlled India? What is a Raj? What
Brahman, Atman, and Moksha: The Supreme Spirit, the True Self, and Liberation Brahman-the Supreme Spirit Many people think of God as being up there in heaven. We are down here in our world and God is elsewhere.
Jnana, Dharma and Bhakti The Hindu Way of Life and Three Paths to Moksha Hindu way of life u Three paths to moksha: 1. The path of knowledge (jnana-marga, jnana yoga) 2. The path of action (karma-marga,
The Art of India Early Indian culture Indus River Valley earliest village, (Mehgarh) 6,000 BCE Harappan culture (c 3500-1750 BCE) (at height 2,500 1,900 BCE) -writing and counting Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa
THE BASICS Hinduism World s oldest religion World's third largest religion, after Christianity and Islam Largely influenced later religions: Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism Nearly 1 billion followers 13% of
Team Quiz - Hinduism End of Topic Quiz Pit your wits again your classmates Team Name: Round 1 - Picture Round Score for Round 1: /10 Round 2 - General Knowledge Score for Round 2: /10 Round 3 - Top Five
Ancient India Geography Of India India is called a subcontinent. Subcontinent: a large landmass that is smaller than a continent India is separated from the north by the Himalayan and Hindu Kush Mountains.
Cover: The Ganesha sculpture carved on gray granite is approximately 1000 years old. The iconographic features of Ganesha date the statue back to the late Kalyani Chalukya period. Ganesha is the elephant-headed
Eastern Religions Hinduism 4: Vedantic Hinduism 1. Trimurti and Brahma 2. Vishnu 3. The Avatars 4. More Vedantic Philosophy 5. Shiva Note: Gold and White 1 trimurti and brahma The 3 Faces of God Trimurti
Hinduism The Historical Basis of Hinduism Hinduism is not founded by one particular person Because it is not confined to one person s beliefs, it absorbed ideas and practices that suited the social and
Cambridge Assessment International Education Cambridge Ordinary Level HINDUISM 20/0 Paper Hindu Gods and Festivals MARK SCHEME Maximum Mark: 60 Published This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers
CHAPTER 9 ADVANCED PLACEMENT ART HISTORY ART OF SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST ASIA BEFORE 1200 LECTURE SLIDES READING ASSIGNMENT 27: 291-302 South and Southeast Asia South and Southeast Asia South Asia Southeast
Hinduism and Buddhism WHAT ARE THE MAIN BELIEFS OF HINDUISM & BUDDHISM? MS. JEREMIE Starter: Creation Myth Reflection Using your notes from the presentations, answer the following prompt: What similarities
HT3M- 2.3 Hindu Concept of God (b) Vishnu Vishnu The name Vishnu means to settle, to enter into, and to pervade To sum up we will refer to the name meaning, the All-Pervading One Vishnu Physical Characteristics
As I Enter Think about it: What you know about Hinduism and Buddhism Agenda: Notes on Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism Hinduism Statistically, there are over 900 million Hindus in the world (1 in 7 people)
Overview Hindu and Buddhist p. 7-17 Hindu Art p. 7-28 Buddhist Art HINDU Indus Valley Note: personification means the attribution of human characteristics to something nonhuman. As discussed in an earlier
Introduction to Hinduism Scriptures Hundreds of scriptures oldest scriptures: the four Vedas all scriptures divided into two broad categories: shruti and smriti Most popular scripture: Bhagavad Gita What
Chapter 7 Indian Civilization Hinduism and Buddhism Early India 2500 to 1500 B.C.E The first known Indigenous people of the Indus valley were known as the Dasas, or Pre-Aryan. They built complex cities
Religions of South Asia Hinduism Sikhism Buddhism Jainism Hinduism Historical Origins: Hinduism is one of the world s oldest religions and originated in India in about 1500 BC. Scholars believe that it
Lucky Items Venugopala (Fluting Krishna with His Cow) Dancing Saraswati with Peacock and Floral Aureole Radha Krishna Lord Ganesha Playing the Flute Lord Krishna Vanquishes Kaliya Four-Armed Seated Ganesha
Twin valley presbytery April 20, 2018 Hinduism: The Name: The English name Hinduism is derived from the name Indus River. People who lived around this river were called Indus, when Persians invaded the
Indian Gallery: Case Guide Suggested sources: https://books.google.com/books Indian Sculpture ca. 700-1800, vol. 2 Pratapaditya Pal, Los Angeles County Museum of Art [also in the Library] Pala Period Bronzes,
52 Mämallapuram Varäha-II Cave-Temple The path by the Ga ë a Ratha leads, on the left, to a cave-temple which has been carved out of solid rock in the area behind the Penance Panel. This cave-temple, excavated
Hinduism Origin Hinduism is an ethnic religion that evolved on the Indian subcontinent beginning about 3,500 years ago. Distribution/Diffusion Hinduism (shown above in hot pink) has approximately 806 million
APWH Chapter 3 Notes Physical Geo. & Climate: India Deccan Plateau & Hindu Kush Major bodies of water: Indus and Ganges, Indian Ocean, etc. Mountain Ranges: Himalayas, Ghats, etc. Desert: Thar Monsoons:
Chapter 4 & 5 Ancient India & Ancient China Section 2 - The Beginnings of Hinduism Where did Hinduism come from? Mixed with many cultures Became very complex World s oldest living religion Developed over
Brahma: The Hindu God who Created the World By Mark Cartwright, Ancient History Encyclopedia on 09.06.17 Word Count 980 Level MAX Brahma statue in Thailand. Image from Flickr. Brahma is the Hindu creator
1. Introduction This statue represents Rama, who is a role model as both a man and a ruler, in the way to live by the rules of dharma. In this chapter, you will learn about the origins and beliefs of Hinduism.
The Great Goddess Durga I am the power that manifests everywhere I am life, I am death, says the Mother (Tewari 31) The Great Goddess of the Hindu tradition is Durga. She is Sakti (cosmic energy), everything
Art and Culture 1.6 Post Mauryan Art(Rock-cut caves & Stupas Sculpture- Gandhara Mathura & Amaravati School BY CIVIL JOINT Post Mauryan Art After the decline of the Mauryan Empire in 2 nd century BC, small
Chapter 15 Learning About World Religions: Hinduism Chapter 15 Learning About World Religions: Hinduism What are the origins and beliefs of Hinduism? 15.1 Introduction In this chapter, you will learn about
Introduction to Hinduism There is only one God, but endless are his aspects and endless are his names! The vast majority of Hindus live in India and Nepal Goal of Hinduism Moksha: release or liberation
Origins When? About 4000 years ago Where? What modern day countries make up where the Indus River Valley civilization once thrived? Indus River Valley Origins How? Who? It is widely believed that there
HINDU PART 2 MUGHAL EMPIRE AND LATE HINDU p. 133-212 Hindu Art HINDU_18 th to 20 th India The first six Moghul emperors ruled for nearly 200 years. In the 58 years after Aurangzeb's death, there were eight
Origins of two belief Systems Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism: INtro Hinduism is an ancient religion whose origins predate recorded history. It has no single human founder, and it has developed over thousands
What is Smartism? Smartism is a sect of Hinduism that allows its followers to worship more than one god, unlike in sects like Shaivism and Vaishnavism, in which only Shiva and Vishnu are worshipped, respectively.
Spirituality in India Hinduism One of the oldest major religions. Polytheism: belief in many gods. Hindus do not eat beef. Fourth largest world religion. (Christianity 1, Islam 2, Buddhism 3) Hindu Facts
HINDUISM By: Alex Chartrand, Sona Bavaria, Tvisha Baxi ORIGINS OF HINDUISM: INDO-EUROPEAN SOURCES Brahmanism and Vedism Developed in India among Indo-European speaking peoples The original two religions
300 BCE-1980 CE Art History AP Studio 213 Schorsch Hindus believe in the repetitious Transmigration of the Soul. This is the transfer of one's soul after death into another body. This produces a continuing
The Rise of Hinduism Not many things have endured without major transformation for over 5,000 years. That's one reason Hindu traditions stand out. Hinduism might be the oldest religion on Earth. To understand
Hinduism: A Christian Perspective Rick Rood gives us an understanding of this major world religion which is becoming more a part of the American scene with the growth of a Hindu immigrant population. Taking
Glories of Bhagavad Gita from Padma Purana By Shyamagopika dd on Fri, 2009-11-27 16:17. "I Myself have manifested in the Form of Bhagavadgita. Please understand that the first five chapters are My five
Hinduism Richard G. Howe, Ph.D. based on Corduan, Winfried. Neighboring Faiths: A Christian Introduction to World Religions. 2 nd ed. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2012. What Makes Something Hindu? 1 In
Bhagavad Gita The Bhagavad Gita is an ancient text that became an important work of Hindu tradition in terms of both literature and philosophy. The earliest translations of this work from Sanskrit into
Understanding Hinduism Pearls of the Indian Ocean Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Fall 2017 Pearls of the Indian Ocean Lectures Introduction to Pearls of the Indian Ocean The Ancient Indus River Civilization
Post-visit Activity: Enrichment Reading Hinduism and the goddess Lakshmi Hinduism is considered to be one the major world religions. It originated on the Indian subcontinent and is comprised of several
Early Hinduism Early Hinduism 1200 BC the composition of the first book of the Vedas (Rig Veda) c. 700-500 BC - Main composition of the first book of the Vedas (Rig Veda) Collection of hymns mainly addressed
The emergence of South Asian Civilization. September 26, 2013 Review What was the relationship of Han China to Vietnam, and to Korea? Who were the Xiongnu? (What is a barbarian?) What was the Silk Road?
HINDUISM THE RELIGION OF INDIA Hinduism is the world s third largest religion after Christianity and Islam. An estimated 950 million people are Hindus (14% of the world s population). Hinduism is the world
In Terracotta 6101 Indus Valley c.2500bc Pregnant goddess with animal head 9.5cm Delhi Nat Mus CAT2 Sc In Terracotta 6102 Indus Valley c.2500bc Male figure in yogic posture 5cm Delhi Nat Mus CAT3 Sc In
Hinduism Years: Years 5, 6, 7 and 8 Unit 1: God and Other Beliefs About this Unit: This unit examines Hindu beliefs and how these beliefs affect Hindu lifestyle. Prior Learning: It is helpful if children
OM GAM GANAPATAYE NAMAH! JAI KARUNAMAYI MOTHER EARTH temple and warangal ruins Situated in the city of Warangal, we will visit one of the most breathtaking and historical landmarks of India, the Warangal
Name: Due Date: Homework B: India and Southeast Asia Please answer these questions as you read Chapter 3 of your textbook, which deals with Buddhist and Hindu art. There is a brief examination of Islamic
Indian Civilization The Great Andamanese Negritos are descendants of the first humans to migrate out of Africa. What can be learned about them is of great interest and relevance to our understanding of
HINDUISM By Dr. Michael R. Lanier GENERAL Hinduism has a philosophy to explain life, a law to direct life, a high road to truth through contemplation and mystical experience, and a popular road of worship
Ancient India Section Notes Geography and Early India Origins of Hinduism Origins of Buddhism Indian Empires Indian Achievements History Close-up Life in Mohenjo Daro Quick Facts The Varnas Major Beliefs
Asian Religious Art and Architecture Buddhism and Hinduism Where have we been? Where are we now? The Indus Valley At about the same time that the Great Pyramids were rising in Egypt and comparable developments
Instant download and all chapters Test bank Many Peoples Many Faiths 10th Edition Robert S. Ellwood, Barbara A. McGraw https://testbankdata.com/download/test-bank-many-peoples-many-faiths-10thedition-robert-s-ellwood-barbara-mcgraw/
Common Sense 1 The land of diversity The present population of India: More than a billion. Almost certain that population of India will surpass that of China by 2050. Eighty per cent of India s population:
Hindu Myth, Image, and Pilgrimage Literature and Arts C-18 Harvard University, Fall Term 1999 Diana L. Eck [This course fulfills either the Literature and Arts C Core Requirement or the Foreign Cultures
DUE 02/22/19 Name: Lesson Three - Ancient India Empires (Mauryan and Gupta) 6.28 Describe the growth of the Maurya Empire and the political and moral achievements of the Emperor Asoka. 6.29 Identify the
HINDUISM Cambridge International Advanced and Advanced Subsidiary Level Paper 9014/01 Paper 1 GENERAL COMMENTS Most of the questions were well understood and answers showed evidence of study. This examination
India has several unique geographical regions that helped to shape Indian culture and society. Aryan Warriors who spoke an Indo-European language invaded India, conquered the Dravidian people that lived
Name Period Date Ancient India Summary Guide Be able to spell and define the following key concept terms: Subcontinent: a large landmass, usually partially separated by land forms, that is smaller than
Chapter 6 Paths to Enlightenment: The Art of India In the Third Millennium BC, the Sumerians were burying their dead in the royal cemetery of Ur, the Egyptians were building the Great Pyramids at Giza,
Buddhism in Tibet PART 2 p. 41-66 Buddhist Art Part one of the lecture stopped at the influence of China on Tibetan art. A purely Tibetan direction, with Esoteric Buddhism, combined the already existing
Gods & Spirits Kenneth Feldmeier firstname.lastname@example.org Office hours: Tuesday before class Recap: Where have we been, where do we go? The plan; this week we are going to discuss different ideas about gods and
educator guide Adaptable for any age level Note that some stories are not necessarily appropriate for all ages Storytelling in the Himalayan Region Telling stories is a great way to engage a student of
43 DURGA FEW Durga brings the fire of the Gods to earth, and washes away all negativity, which flows like blood. Who is Durga? Durga is the Hindu warrior Goddess who was created by the Gods in order to
Name Date Assessment: The Achievements of the Gupta Empire 1. What happened on the Indian subcontinent in the time period between the Mauryan and Gupta empires? A. It went through a golden age. B. It experienced