1 Jnana, Dharma and Bhakti The Hindu Way of Life and Three Paths to Moksha
2 Hindu way of life u Three paths to moksha: 1. The path of knowledge (jnana-marga, jnana yoga) 2. The path of action (karma-marga, karma yoga) 3. The path of devotion (bhakti-marga, bhakti yoga) u Three ways to lose oneself, to let go of one s self-centered desires.
3 The Path of Knowledge u Gain the profound wisdom and deep spiritual insight that I am Brahman. u See beyond one s individual existence; feel beyond one s consciousness. u Expand one s consciousness to encompass all. u Be one with all that is. u Lose oneself in the ocean of life.
4 The Liberating Knowledge But if I know that my true self is indeed the Brahman, and that the Brahman includes within itself the entire universe, then there is nothing for me to desire for my self, for I already am all. Since this knowledge destroys all desires and thus all karma, there will be no more rebirths once this knowledge is fully and completely realized. The Sacred Path of the East
5 Desires Arise from Separation u If we see ourselves as individuals, then we separate ourselves from everything else. u Such a separation generates desires to acquire things that are not us. u No separation, no desire
6 Know Who You Are u To know who we truly are, we need to break the shell of our egos. u To go beyond our egotistic consciousness, we need to feel what others feel. u To know Brahman, one would have to transcend the world of the senses, live a very simple life, and practice yoga and meditation.
7 The Four Stages of Life 1. the student stage (age 8 24) 2. the householder stage (married at age 25 having a son who can take over the responsibilities) 3. the recluse (forest dweller) stage 4. the sannyasin (renunciant, ascetic) stage v Leaving one s family behind. v It is a step toward the expansion of one s love. v By becoming less attached to one s family, one can strive to love all.
8 The Eight Stages of Yoga 1. restraint moral training 2. discipline ascetic and religious practices 3. posture 4. respiration 5. withdrawal from sense-objects 6. concentration 7. meditation 8. trance
9 Yoga a Path to Enlightenment u Discipline refraining from self-indulgence is a key step toward spiritual awakening. u Stop the noises from bombarding the senses so that we would no longer be lost in the parade of sights and sounds. u Through yoga, a person realizes the difference between the state of Brahman and the individual mortals mental and physical states.
10 The Path of Action (Karma Yoga) u Fulfilling one s dharma (responsibilities, the right way to live) u By fulfilling one s responsibilities in life, one would become free spiritually no longer be preoccupied with self-gain. u One would strive to do the right things for the right reason, and lose oneself in one s service to others.
11 Bhagavad Gita Krishna (on the left) revealed himself to Prince Arjuna, and taught him the meaning of dharma one s roles and duties in life.
12 Krishna s Teachings u Each one of us is Brahman, and thus is deathless, birthless. So there is no need to fear death and to feel sad about death. u It is the duty of a warrior to fight battles for righteous causes. u If one acts according to one s dharma and does not desire certain consequences, then one would be free from fear, worries and disappointments.
13 Dharma Living as Brahman u Dharma is Brahman s way of being. u It is to live and act like Brahman. u It is to live without desires and attachment. u To live without desires and attachment does not mean one no longer eats and drinks, cares and loves. u Rather, it means that one eats, drinks, cares and loves out of the realization that it is one s responsibilities to do all of these, and not out of one s self-interest.
14 Dharma and Moksha u By living one s life according to dharma, one forgoes one s desires and one s selfhood and thus returns to the state of being Brahman. u To achieve moksha by the way of action is to improve and finally redeem oneself through selfless service in the mundane routines of daily life. It is demanding, but it is a noble way of life.
16 Winners or Losers? u You work hard to achieve your goal. But what if your goal is not accomplished due to factors beyond your control? u Anxiety? Fear? u Disappointment? Bitterness? u Asking a powerful deity to watch over you and to grant your wish is one way to cope with uncertainty in life. u The Hindu teaching of dharma provides a different answer to this common question in life.
17 It s How You Play the Game u The meaning of one s action does not lie in its consequences. u Each one of us has certain roles to play and certain duties to fulfill in life. u The action one takes should be motivated by one s sense of duty, and not by one s desire for certain outcomes. u If one can live this way, one can live a life free of disappointments.
18 Not to Be Full of Oneself u One can be successful without becoming full of oneself. u One should fulfill one s duties and not be attached to the fruit of one s action. This does not mean that one should not enjoy the fruit of one s labor. You enjoy and share it, but are not attached to it.
19 Free by Being Responsible u Karma yoga teaches us that we can be free by fulfilling our responsibilities. u One does not become free by avoiding one s responsibilities. u Having rights to do what one desires is not true freedom. To do what we desire would make us the slave of our desires. u Rather, freedom is to do what we ought to do in life.
20 The Path of Devotion (Bhakti Yoga) u One achieves spiritual liberation by devoting one s love to Hindu deities such as Shiva or Vishnu. u By focusing one s love on the great Hindu deities and not on oneself, one would no longer be self-centered. Eventually one would lose one s selfhood and achieve liberation.
21 How Can Love Set One Free? u To love Shiva or Vishnu is to love Brahman; to love Brahman is to love all. u If we love all, then our deeds would not be motivated by self-interest; rather we would do things for our loved ones.
22 Love and Responsibilities u If we realize that our duties in life come from love, then we would no longer see duties as works and burdens. u To love is to sacrifice without regarding it as sacrifice. u It is no surprise that Bhagavad Gita teaches both dharma and bhakti.
23 Brahman and Hindu Deities u According to Shankara, Hindu deities are Brahman in various forms (the formed Brahman, saguna Brahman) u Shiva and Vishnu are different manifestations of Brahman. That is, they are Brahman appears to us in different forms.
24 For Saivites, God is Siva. For Shaktas, Goddess Shakti is supreme. For Vaishnavites, Lord Vishnu is God. For Smartas who see all Deities as reflections of the One God the choice of Deity is left to the devotee.
25 Yoga means to yoke oneself to God within. The image or icon of worship is a focus for our prayers and devotions. Hindus believe God is everywhere, in all things, whether stone, wood, creatures or people. So, it is not surprising that they feel comfortable worshiping the Divine in His material manifestation.
26 Shiva u the deity of creation and destruction u the Auspicious One u the Lingam u Nataraja (the Lord of the Dance) u the Master Yogi
27 Nataraja the Lord of Dance u Shiva creates the cosmos out of his dance. u The cosmos is Shiva s dance the divine expression. u Creation is seen as an ongoing expression, and not in terms of design and manufacturing.
28 Androgynous Shiva
29 Shiva and his consort Parvati u Quite often, Hindu deities are depicted in pairs. u Marriage union of love u The union of love is the closest thing that we can experience that lets us experience how it feels like to reach moksha (union).
30 Brihadeeswara Temple Gateway
31 Brihadeeswara Temple Gopuram
32 Ramanathaswamy Temple Gopuram
33 Ramanathaswamy Temple (founded in the 12th century C.E.)
34 Virupaksha Temple Gopuram
35 Vishnu v v v the protector of the cosmos Vishnu sitting on the coils of Sesha, the many-headed serpent His four hands holding a conch shell, a lotus, a discus and a club
36 Vishnu and Lakshmi riding on the giant eagle Garuda Vishnu and Lakshmi riding on the giant eagle Garuda
37 Vishnu s Ten Avatars u Vishnu is well-known as his ten avatars. u Vishnu s avatars illustrate beautifully the idea of Brahman manifesting itself in the world of maya. u An avatar is an incarnation of Brahman (God incarnated). u The next picture shows Vishnu and his consort Lakshmi (the goddess of beauty and good fortune) surrounded by his ten avatars.
38 Kurma the tortoise Matsya the fish Varaha the boar Narasimha the man-lion Vamana the dwarf Parashurama the warrior Rama Krishna Kalki the future incarnation the Buddha
Eastern Religions Hinduism 4: Vedantic Hinduism 1. Trimurti and Brahma 2. Vishnu 3. The Avatars 4. More Vedantic Philosophy 5. Shiva Note: Gold and White 1 trimurti and brahma The 3 Faces of God Trimurti
THE BASICS Hinduism World s oldest religion World's third largest religion, after Christianity and Islam Largely influenced later religions: Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism Nearly 1 billion followers 13% of
Religions of South Asia 2500 250 BC Hinduism gave birth to Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism Christianity Jesus Christ, son of God the Bible Islam Muhammadlast prophet to talk to Allah t he Quran Do you think
Introduction to Hinduism There is only one God, but endless are his aspects and endless are his names! The vast majority of Hindus live in India and Nepal Goal of Hinduism Moksha: release or liberation
Hindu Hinduism Sacred Images Narrative Traditions We have already learned that the stories of Hinduism came from the Vedic Texts. In the course of the first Millennium BCE the Vedas were succeeded by the
Brahman, Atman, and Moksha: The Supreme Spirit, the True Self, and Liberation Brahman-the Supreme Spirit Many people think of God as being up there in heaven. We are down here in our world and God is elsewhere.
Hinduism: A Christian Perspective Rick Rood gives us an understanding of this major world religion which is becoming more a part of the American scene with the growth of a Hindu immigrant population. Taking
Avatars and the Incarnation Ryan M. Kocak World Religions Dr. Terry Muck Kocak 2 Avatar and the incarnation both terms are used to describe the coming of the divine in bodily form to the world in which
Dashavatara Avatars: Avatars of Vishnu Ten avatars of Vishnu are Matsya,Kurma,Varaha,Narasimha,Vamana,Parashurama,Rama,Krishna,Balarama,Kalki) Ten avatars (dashavatara) of Vishnu are the most prominent
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8nn5uqe3c9w Indo-Aryan Migration: Waves of migration into the Indus Valley from people from Eastern Europe & Central Asia. Indus valley people were made up of local, dark
LORD RAMA (THE PERFECT MAN) DATE: SATURDAY, 8 TH APRIL 2017 CONTENT INTRODUCTION LORD RAMA THE PERFECT MAN SIGNIFICANCE OF RAMNAVAMI. SWAMI S MESSAGE LORD RAMA (THE PERFECT MAN) Rama Avatar is the seventh
HT3M- 2.3 Hindu Concept of God (b) Vishnu Vishnu The name Vishnu means to settle, to enter into, and to pervade To sum up we will refer to the name meaning, the All-Pervading One Vishnu Physical Characteristics
Hinduism and Buddhism WHAT ARE THE MAIN BELIEFS OF HINDUISM & BUDDHISM? MS. JEREMIE Starter: Creation Myth Reflection Using your notes from the presentations, answer the following prompt: What similarities
Hinduism The Historical Basis of Hinduism Hinduism is not founded by one particular person Because it is not confined to one person s beliefs, it absorbed ideas and practices that suited the social and
HINDUISM A few preliminaries What is Hinduism? If you ask google what is Hinduism? you will get over 3,820,000 results... Hinduism is not a single, unified, monolithic religion... it is more like a family
How did Buddhism begin? About 2500 years ago, a prince named Siddhartha Gautama began to question his sheltered, luxurious life in the palace. He left the palace and saw four sights: a sick man, an old
UNIT 4 Do you think karma yoga is important? Yes 1. Mentioned in the BG 2. One of the recognised pathways to moksha 3. Karma Yoga is good deeds performed with an attitude of selflessness to achieve moksha
Missions in a Hindu context Belief System in Hinduism SRUTI means What is heard or Revelation consisting of Four Vedas Rig-Veda: the Prayer book Sama-Veda: the Song book Yajur-Veda: the Ritual book Atharvana-Veda:
As I Enter Think about it: What you know about Hinduism and Buddhism Agenda: Notes on Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism Hinduism Statistically, there are over 900 million Hindus in the world (1 in 7 people)
Welcome, Rob Reiter My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out Choose Another Program Home Select a Lesson Program Resources My Classes 3 - World Religions This is what your students see when they are signed
What is Hinduism?: Hinduism is the world's oldest religion, with a billion followers, which makes it the world's third largest religion. Hinduism is a conglomeration of religious, philosophical, and cultural
Chapter Five: Ancient Civilizations of India and China Map 5.1 Indian Civilization The Indus River Valley Civilization Mohenjo-daro Agriculture-based society (cotton) Centralization Ecological disasters
Fall 2005, Volume 4, Number 4 YOGA, A WAY OF LIFE Nachimuthu.P* ABSTRACT The present age is said to be the age of change, stress and conflicts. This is mainly due to the drastic changes in the life style
Hinduism for Schools Secondary Hinduism Introduction to Hinduism Thinking of God Hindu Beliefs Hindu Practices Philosophy Bhagavad Gita Resources Secondary Schools Page 1 Introduction to Hinduism Background
DATTATREYA JAYANTHI Om Namo Bhagavate Dattatreyaya DATTATREYA Jayanthi falls during December-January on the full moon day of the month of Margaseersha. His story is told as follows. Anusuyaisquotedasthemodelofchastity.ShewasthewifeofAtriMaharishi,agreatsage
CLASSICAL INDIA FROM THE MAURYANS TO THE GUPTAS RISE OF MAURYAN EMPIRE Ganges Republics Prior to Alexander, kshatriyan republics dominated, vied for power Maghda was one of the most dominant Western Intrusions
The Rise of Hinduism Not many things have endured without major transformation for over 5,000 years. That's one reason Hindu traditions stand out. Hinduism might be the oldest religion on Earth. To understand
CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS Cambridge Ordinary Level MARK SCHEME for the October/November 2015 series 2055 HINDUISM 2055/01 Paper 1, maximum raw mark 100 This mark scheme is published as an aid
Student s Guide ESSE N TI A L S O F HIN D U IS M A Sum m ary o f the Be lie f s a nd P ractices o f Hi nduis m TIMOTHY TENNENT Essentials of Hinduism Dr. Timothy Tennent BiblicalTraining.org Because Spiritual
Gods & Spirits Kenneth Feldmeier email@example.com Office hours: Tuesday before class Recap: Where have we been, where do we go? The plan; this week we are going to discuss different ideas about gods and
Sanatana Dharma The Eternal Way of Life (Hinduism) Brahman, Atman and Maya The Hindu Way of Comprehending Reality and Life Brahman, Atman and Maya u These three terms are essential in understanding the
The Four Goals of Hindu Life: Kama, Artha, Dharma & Moksha Instructor: Jessica Whittemore This lesson will seek to explain the four permissible goals of Hindu life. In doing so, it will define the ancient
Ekam Evadvitiyam Brahma, Mahavakya By Tantra Siddha Maha Yogi Shastrishree Paramahamsa Dr.Rupnathji Ekam Evadvitiyam Brahma is a Mahavakya, meaning that there is one absolute reality, without any secondary
Principles of the Baal Shem Tov Br. Shankara Vedanta Center of Atlanta CHANT POEM WELCOME TOPIC Our Need for Thee by St. Francis of Assisi In our ever present need for thee: Beloved, let us know your peace.
Introduction World Religions Unit Why Study Religions? Religion plays a key role in our world today Religion is a major component of the human experience Knowledge of people s religions helps us understand
THE MEDICATION OF YOGA AND MEDITATION SWAMI KRISHNANANDA The Divine Life Society Sivananda Ashram, Rishikesh, India Website: www.swami-krishnananda.org Visitor: Is meditation a means to conquer the body,
RELEASEMENT FROM THE DELUSION OF AGENCY Tantric understandings of ego, evil and liberation An individual s actions in the world do not stem from their identity. Instead an individual s whole identity is
The Origin of World Religions By Anita Ravi, Big History Project, adapted by Newsela staff on 07.30.16 Word Count 1,834 Level 880L Monk Praying at Thatbyinnyu Temple, Myanmar. Courtesy of Karen Kasmauski/Corbis.
Lesson 1 Why does Have So Many Gods? Pupils should: Starter: Pictures of Shiva, Brahma & Vishnu (Hindu Gods) and pose the AT1: Understand that Hindus believe in one God represented through many deities.
2. Transcending The Gunas Seeking liberation, if man worships A myriad deities, he will not get Freedom from affliction. If he destroys the ego in him, He has no need to seek liberation. He will be Liberation
THIS E-MAGAZINE, A PUBLICATION OF SHANTI MANDIR, IS AN OFFERING TO ALL. Shanti Mandir Issue 20 October 2014 AmË_mZwaÁ` It is a wonderful teaching for each and every one of us to remember that love is the
Name Date Assessment: Learning About Religions: Buddhism Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. The name Buddha meant one who was A. sorrowful. B. awakened. C. everlasting.
Hinduism The Basics II To do list: Recap A little history: Hindu Literature Liberation through Yoga 4 Types of People 4 Types of Yoga Hinduism I Recap Indus River Valley What is Atman? What is Brahman?
HINDUISM PRESENTED BY SEAN JORDAN, MAX FISCHER, ADAM ZIELINSKI, JUSTIN MCCARTHY 19 OCTOBER, 2017 2017 BASIC HINDU BELIEFS SIX BASIC BELIEFS Aatma Karma Reincarnation Brahma(Creator) Vishnu(Preserver) Shiva(Destroyer)
Introduction We ve been ministering for the past several weeks from the overarching theme of: Evangelism. o Evangelize 1. Convert to Christianity 2. Be an advocate for a cause 3. To preach the gospel of
Cultural Diffusion and the image of the Buddha 10-22-14 Directions: Using the map below and the attached images, explore how the image of the Buddha changed as Buddhism spread from India to other parts
PREVENTING DECEPTION: HOW DO PEOPLE DEFINE THE TERM YOGA? By Chris Lawson Terminology is important in every language and belief system on earth. So too, in every language and belief system, word definitions
Introduction to Buddhism No divine beings. And, anatta, no soul Reality is a construct of our senses, an illusion Four noble truths Dukkha, All life is suffering Tanha, suffering is caused by desire Sunyata,
Patanjali: To know the Mind, focus on the Heart ( By practicing Samyama on the heart, knowledge of the mind is acquired ) Samyama is a particular practice of focus and absorption 1 Obstacles: The Knots
Hinduism and Buddhism PURPOSE OF SECTION: Explain the development and impact of Hinduism and Buddhism in India and subsequent diffusion of Buddhism. Hinduism National religion of India ॐ Based on variety
A Study of Stylistic Concern Comparing and Contrasting Buddhist and Hindu Sculpture Aim Broaden students awareness of the artistic and cultural contributions of artists who lived and worked in the Indus
Chapter 15 Learning About World Religions: Hinduism Chapter 15 Learning About World Religions: Hinduism What are the origins and beliefs of Hinduism? 15.1 Introduction In this chapter, you will learn about
I. India A. Geography - Located in southern Asia, India is a triangular shaped subcontinent. 1. Subcontinent - A large distinguishable part of a continent 2. Due to the geographic diversity of India, over
SRIMAD BHAGAVAD-GITA References: http://www.bhagavad-gita.org http://www.holy-bhagavad-gita.org INTRODUCTION v Bhagavad-Gita is a divine preaching from Lord Krishna to Prince Arjun on the battlefield of
Buddhism Webster s New Collegiate Dictionary defines religion as the service and adoration of God or a god expressed in forms of worship. Most people make the relationship between religion and god. There
Montreal Religious Sites Project Mandir Hindu Devotional Society By Noah Casey Montreal Religious Sites Project 1 Contents 1.0 Membership/Community Size 2.0 Affiliation with Other Communities/Organizations
Bhattacharyya 1 Jharna Bhattacharyya Scottish Church College Swami Vivekananda s Ideal of Universal Religion Swami Vivekananda, a legend of 19 th century India, is an institution by himself. The profound
Philosophy on the Battlefield: The Bhagavad Gita V. Jnana-yoga: The Yoga of Spiritual Knowledge Prof. K. S. Arjunwadkar (Figures in brackets refer to chapters and verses in the Bhagavad Gita unless stated
Name of Unit: What Does It Mean To Be a Buddhist? Faith: Key Stage in which this unit should be taught: KS1 / KS2 Recommended Year Group (if specified:) Previous Learning: What is? Children will have learnt
Original Article International Journal of Science and Consciousness Access online at: www.ijsc.net Sep. 2017, 3(3), 58-62 Yoga & Buddhsim : Its Philosophy And Thought Transformation Anusha Shakya Department
115 The vehicle of the God of Will, the sustainer Vishnu, is Garuda, who is here genuflecting over a cobra. Garuda s hands are clasped in reverence to Vishnu and they hold an emblem of Vishnu, a shalagramashila,
Shri Guru-Charitra, a religious book giving a brief life story of "Shri Nrusimha Saraswati Swami Maharaj", was written in the 15 th Century by one of his closest disciples. This book is a treasure house
HINDUISM Recently I had a look through the various Indexes that are listed on the ministry web site, firstly under Categorised Index of Articles And then secondly under Categorised Index for ASSORTED ARTICLES
The Essence of Liberation INTRODUCTION: In Hinduism, the oldest surviving religion of the world, the Vedic literature mention a human's life objectives or Purusharthas to be four: Dharma or Righteousness,
A division of Cosmic Multimedia Private Limited Sim Waddo, Arpora Bartez, Goa - 403518 INDIA Buddhist posters Chakras posters ART FOR COSMIC CONSCIOUSNESS P.2 About Us Cosmic Publishing aims at publishing
Page 1 of 10 Vol 3, No 3 Table of Contents Feature Articles Masthead Magazine List Shopping Contact Us Sitemap Home The Inner Power of Mantras with Corrine Champigny by Julia Griffin Julia: Can you begin
GCSE Religious Studies B (Philosophy and Applied Ethics) Unit B602: Philosophy of Religion 2 General Certificate of Secondary Education Mark Scheme for June 2015 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations OCR
1/23/11 Sermon Unitarian Universalism A Hindu Perspective Ashok Nagrani, Speaker I was born in India in a Hindu family. My Dad was a judge of the superior court in Bombay a great intellectual, respected
HINDU SCRIPTURES (Contents taken from the book - ALL ABOUT HINDUISM by Swami Sivananda. Also refer to the book - Hindu Culture An Introduction by Swami Tejomayananda) Hindu Scriptures can be classified
The Bhagavad Gita Song of God Bhagavad Gita Copyright 2012 All rights reserved ISBN 978-0-9682461-3-9 Preface For over 2,000 years, the Bhagavad Gita has been a great source of inspiration to Hindus, as
Shiva's Trident: The Consciousness Of Freedom And The Means To Liberation By Swami Khecaranatha If you are searching for the ebook by Swami Khecaranatha Shiva's Trident: The Consciousness of Freedom and
New Year Message SWAMI CHINMAYANANDA H appy New Year! You must have heard this in the last week a thousand times and at least a hundred times you must have said it. Happy New Year! Happy New Year! In fact,
GANGA JAMUNI CONTENTS Preface 1 Lord Krishna Head and Supreme Patron 4 Ganga Jamuni Transmission 8 Rev. Sri Ramchandraji Maharaj on Gita 9 Avatars 21 Idol Worship 21 State of Liberation 22 Lord SriKrishna
The Great Goddess Durga I am the power that manifests everywhere I am life, I am death, says the Mother (Tewari 31) The Great Goddess of the Hindu tradition is Durga. She is Sakti (cosmic energy), everything
Analysis of Yaksha Prasna: 123 Questions from a Tree Spirit By London Swaminathan Post No 786 Dated 11/01/2014 (Part 1) This is (Yaksha Prasna) posted in Tamil as well. The world s longest epic Mahabharata
Chapter 9 State, Society, and the Quest for Salvation in India 1 The Mauryan and Gupta Empires 321 B.C.E.-550 C.E. 2 India Before the Mauryan Dynasty 520 B.C.E., Persian emperor Darius conquers northwest
30. One God : basic truth of all faiths ALL religions, all scriptures, all spiritual teachings point only to one truth--the Unity of Dignity. You may profess whatever faith you like. But you should not