2 SLAVERY IN ROME Romans captured enemies and turned them into slaves Slaves farmed, mined, and performed in gladiator battles Slaves were 40% of Rome s population
3 Slavery Romans captured enemies and turned them into slaves SLAVERY IN ROME Slaves farmed, mined, and performed in gladiator battles Slaves were 40% of Rome s population
4 IMAGINE THAT YOU ARE Imagine that you are a farmer's son, somewhere near Greece. You help your family plant crops, you have a crush on the girl down the road, and you hate it when your mom yells at you. But as you grow up, a kingdom grows in Rome. Eventually it will become a powerful republic, and then an unstoppable empire. When their armies march through your town to conquer your land and make your family pay taxes, some people in your village, like your dad, fight back. But the Roman army is hard to beat. They kill your father and take many of the other villagers captive, including you. You are a young boy, who looks like he might grow to be a strong warrior. The year is about 100 years before Jesus was born. Your name is Spartacus.
5 They call me Spartacus, I was a normal guy Until the Romans invaded; I watched my mama die She didn t get a grave, they killed my father too They made me a slave and told me what to do
6 Made me a gladiator, they threw me in the ring, and I fought some lions and soldiers, I m fighting everything They make you kill a man, they make you kill again, I killed a guy, took his helmet off, it was my friend
7 I said, this needs to end, I mean I m getting close, I m like Vesuvius, baby, I mean I m set to blow The Roman Republic got rich off of slave s backs So now I think we need some payback
8 Me and 69 guys snuck into the kitchen, Got 69 knives, this was the beginning Of the uprising, and we escaped our cells, Spread the word to other slaves; you can escape as well
9 And they flocked to me; see, they wanted to see What life s like when you give us, us free Like Julius Caesar, I led a whole movement We had 120,000 humans!
10 You want to know who Spartacus is? You want to know Spartacus, I m Spartacus
11 Now the senators started getting scared in Rome, Cause we were plundering land near their summer homes. We were fearless; I was like, send your best generals, Send me your Pompeiis and Caesars
12 I m not a DJ, that hit s not the remix, We started this like Romulus and Remus. Slaves, join us if you ve had enough, We moved on like water through an aqueduct
13 So you can pray to Jupiter, you can pray to Mars, You ll need more than gods, you ll be seeing stars. Now Rome had a problem, I m Spartacus And we fight to the death if you re harming us.
14 But I didn t want this; I wanted peace, I wanted Pax I wanted to be clean like a public bath. I want to walk with my daughter through Rome In the Forum, maybe hear a speech, in the Coliseum, see a show
15 But Roman legions came, and yes, they are well-trained, I d rather die free than live like a slave. I ll beat them back, I said, I ll beat them back, I m free now, and I ll never go back!
16 SPARTACUS Your lives are to be spared. Slaves you were and slaves you remain. But the terrible penalty of crucifixion has been set aside on the single condition that you identify the body or the living person of the slave called Spartacus.
18 THE END OF SPARTACUS
19 SLAVERY CAUSED EVEN MORE PROBLEMS Imagine you own an olive farm and you want to maximize your profits. Who would you choose to harvest olives for you? A slave who will work for free A pleb who will work for $8/hour Slavery = > high unemployment
20 Slavery Romans captured enemies and turned them into slaves Slaves farmed, mined, and performed in gladiator battles Slaves were 40% of Rome s population Slavery in Rome Slave rebellions High unemployment Roman army weakened Pleb rebellions
21 Explain how Rome expanded its territory under the command of Julius Caesar. Objective
22 Julius Caesar We will watch a documentary about Julius Caesar 1) To understand how Rome expanded under Caesar s leadership 2) To understand how Caesar s rise to power changed Rome from a republic to an empire.
23 The Expansion of the Roman Republic
24 DO NOW: Caesar as Dictator COPY THE FOLLOWING: As dictator, Caesar made several major reforms (changes). He: Gave land to his soldiers Gave free grain to poor people Ordered a new calendar Gave citizenship to people outside of Rome COPY AND COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING: As dictator, Caesar s greatest reform was when he because
25 Classwork Provide a creative title. On the gingerbread man, illustrate and label at least 5 characteristics of Caesar. For example, you might add big muscles to the arms and label the muscles with powerful. Be creative! In the speech bubble, write a speech about how Caesar rose to power. Use 1 st person. Be sure to include the following words: consul Triumvirate Gaul Vercingetorix civil war Pompey dictator I wanted to control Rome, but first I had to
26 The Rise of Caesar Great speeches Cared about people Wanted to become
27 First Triumvirate Rule of Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus
28 Caesar in Power Conquered many territories = modern-day France
30 Triumvirate Breaks Up dies in battle dies in childbirth; Pompey no longer has any reason to be friends with Caesar Pompey gets jealous of Caesar
31 The Rubicon River The border between Gaul and Italy The Senate orders Caesar to return without his army Caesar hesitated then decided Crossed the Rubicon Caesar said, The die has been cast!
32 Caesar vs. Pompey war
34 Caesar Visits Alexander the Great s Tomb
35 Caesar as Dictator Caesar became dictator perpetuo Dictator = a leader who rules a country with absolute power Perpetual = permanent Why would a dictator perpetuo be a threat to the Republic?
36 The Expansion of the Roman Republic Veni, vidi, vici! (I came, I saw, I conquered!)
37 What s the difference between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire? Roman Republic The Senate and the people of Rome had power Roman Empire One man had power
38 Shakespeare s Julius Caesar Shakespeare s play tells us what happened after Caesar defeated Pompey
41 He is a dreamer. Let us leave him. Pass! BEWARE THE IDES OF MARCH!!!
43 Et tu, Brute? Then fall, Caesar.
44 Liberty! Freedom! Tyranny is dead! Run and proclaim it in the streets.
45 Why did Brutus and the Senators kill Caesar? Brutus s Claim: Caesar was too.
46 having a strong desire to be successful in life ambitious (adj)
47 Mark Antony s Eulogy for Caesar
48 Does Mark Antony prove Brutus wrong? Mark Antony s Claim: Caesar was not too. Support #1: Support #2: Support #3: Caesar cries when the poor cry Caesar refused the crown three times Caesar gave money to the poor in his will
49 Timeline of Ancient Rome BCE: Julius Caesar rules Rome 476 CE: Roman Empire falls Roman Republic Roman Empire 509 BCE: Roman Republic begins 27 BCE: Roman Republic ends; Roman Empire begins Julius Caesar ruled Rome A.at the beginning of the Roman Republic B.at the end of the Roman Republic C.at the beginning of the Roman Empire D.at the end of the Roman Empire
50 Let s be critical Is Shakespeare the most trustworthy source of Roman history? The most trustworthy source is primary source document, like this coin The coin reads dict perpetuo Dictator = a leader who rules a country with absolute power Perpetual = permanent Is it possible for the Roman Republic to have a dictator perpetuo?
51 Remember Cincinnatus?
52 DO NOW: Who said it? I conquered Gaul and defeated Pompey, so I became dictator. Julius Caesar I gave land to soldiers, grain to the poor, and citizenship to the people I conquered. Julius Caesar I was assassinated because the senators did not want to lose the republic. Julius Caesar I defeated Mark Antony after I discovered he betrayed Rome for Egypt. Octavius I became emperor and the republic was no more. Augustus
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