Bell Ringer: October 2(3), 2017

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1 Announcements: 1: Bell Ringer worksheets FOR A GRADE! 2: PreAP: POSTER PROJECTS DUE TODAY You need: 1: Spiral/blank sheet of paper 2: Bell Ringer paper 3: Ink-Pair-Share paper 4: Copy of the Mongols class set paper Bell Ringer: October 2(3), Pick up a Bell Ringer worksheet 2. Describe the characteristics of Ancient Persia and India. Include a description of the political system and satrapies, Royal Road, and the religion of the Maurya and the Gupta Political system is a monarchy: Cyrus and Darius kings, satrapies are provinces (states) controlled by a satrap (governor) Royal Road: road system that connected the empire and promoted trade Maurya: Buddhism Gupta: Hinduism

2 Housekeeping Pass back papers Monday/Tuesday: TOP TEN GRADES FOR EACH CLASS- CANDY Monday/Tuesday: Failingto-not failing: CANDY Take this time to set up your Cornell notes, turn in homework, and grab your clickers

3 Announcements/Materials Announcements New bell ringers are for a GRADE! PreAP: POSTERS DUE TODAY! Friday is day! Materials Spiral/paper Bell Ringer page Ink-Pair-Share page Mongols reading (class set)

4 Lesson Objective Explain the Mongol invasions and summarize the changes resulting from Mongol invasions in China, Russia, and the Islamic World 1. What are we learning? Rewrite the LO into a question. How would How will How might Why would Why will Why might

5 Word Wall Vocabulary: Clan: family groups Genghis Khan: also called Temujin, Mongol clan leader who united the Mongol clans into one empire Kublai Khan: grandson of Genghis Khan, united China for the first time in 300 years Pax Mongolia: Mongol Peace; period of peaceful trading across the Mongol Empire Silk Road: series of trade routes from China to Rome Steppe: extensive plain without trees Yuan Dynasty: Kublai Khan s Chinese dynasty

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7 Causes and Effects of Mongol Invasions Causes Effects Mongols raided settled societies (they were nomads) because of changing environmental conditions on the steppe They were very talented horse riders Unified under one leader: Genghis Khan Created the largest land empire Facilitated trade along the Silk Road (Pax Mongolia) Placed China under foreign rule for the first time Cultural diffusion Nomads were no longer a threat Why might the Mongol Empire be considered significant to world history?

8 Turn and Talk Why might the Mongol Empire be considered significant to world history? ANS: They created the largest land empire in history, cultural diffusion due to the Pax Mongolia, placed China under foreign rule for the first time

9 Genghis Khan Unifies the Mongols The Mongols lived on the steppe- a flat area with few or no trees They were extremely talented horse riders (used stirrup) and were nomadic In 1200, a Mongol leader name Temujin defeated all his rivals and became Genghis Khan and united the Mongols

10 Changes Resulting from Mongol Invasions: Russia Russian city of Kiev falls to the Mongols in 1240 The Mongols allowed the Russians to maintain their customs as long as they paid a tribute Russia s isolation from western Europe prevents the spread of ideas Ivan III: assumes the title of czar After a standoff at the Ugra River, the Russians separate from the Mongols

11 Changes Resulting from Mongol Invasions: China Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis, conquered China; China was united for the first time in 300 years Mongol control over Asia opened China to trade Mongols ended civil service exams and removed Chinese from high government office, but kept as many as possible at the local level How would you describe what the Mongols achieved in China (what did they achieve)?

12 Turn and Talk How would you describe what the Mongols achieved in China (what did they achieve)? ANS: Unified China for the first time in 300 years, expanded trade

13 Changes Resulting from Mongol Invasions: Islamic World Another grandson of Genghis, Hulagu, captured Baghdad Mongols killed 10,000 people, and executed the leader of the Abbasids by rolling him in a carpet and trampling him with horses The Mongols did not govern this area well, eventually leading to the dissolution in 1330s; a group called the Ottoman Turks came to power The Mongols lost control of the Persian Khanate because they were disorganized. How might this have changed if the Mongols had an organized system of government there?

14 Turn and Talk The Mongols lost control of the Persian Khanate because they were disorganized. How might this have changed if the Mongols had an organized system of government there? ANS: They may not have lost control of the area

15 Independent Practice: BLANK SHEET Get out the The Mongol Empire: Effects on Russia, China, and the Islamic World class set papers Read through and answer the questions on the back in complete sentences You may work with a partner but you are required to turn in your own paper