literature? In her lively, readable contribution to the Wiley-Blackwell Literature in Context

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "literature? In her lively, readable contribution to the Wiley-Blackwell Literature in Context"

Transcription

1 SUSAN CASTILLO AMERICAN LITERATURE IN CONTEXT TO 1865 (Wiley-Blackwell, 2010) xviii pp. Reviewed by Yvette Piggush How did the history of the New World influence the meaning and the significance of its literature? In her lively, readable contribution to the Wiley-Blackwell Literature in Context series, Susan Castillo answers this question by showing how American historical events and literary production enrich each other. This book not only summarizes historical events but also highlights what Castillo calls the splendid untidiness of American voices from the past (viii). Early American debates about historical context, she demonstrates, are as multi-faceted as their modern counterparts. For example, Maya historians inscribe their story of origins in a sacred text, the Popol Vhu, which tells how the Forefathers dream the world into existence (6). The indigenous peoples of what is now the northeastern United States preserve their histories in oral accounts that typically begin with an Earthdiver character who lifts the world out of a primeval flood (6-7). For early Spanish and English colonists, the history of the New World begins with their quest for military glory and treasure (18). For later colonists, such as New England s Puritans, American history is the record of God s action within human time (26). Modern scholars, Castillo demonstrates, continue this contentious conversation. They may narrate the history of America in terms of an Atlantic world-system of capital and labor, in terms of the development of highly capitalized forms of agriculture known as the plantation complex, or in terms of individual and national regeneration through violence in the wilderness (10-11, 103). By surveying the multiple literary narratives and interpretations of the early American past,

2 Castillo effectively supplements the major anthologies currently used to teach surveys of early American literature. This book s eight chapters move from the Spanish, French, and English colonizations of America and the Puritan settlement in New England to the American Revolution and early national period, the Transcendentalist literary movement, and the Civil War. Four nineteenthcentury authors whose individual visions resist these divisions of time and subject matter Edgar Allan Poe, Herman Melville, Emily Dickinson, and Walt Whitman are covered together in a separate chapter on the original ways in which they responded to their historical and cultural surroundings. This book offers useful extras. At the front, a detailed timeline pairs texts and historical events in two side-by-side columns, for easy reference. The bibliography lists a range of primary and secondary sources, including essay collections and other anthologies, which will be particularly useful to readers just being introduced to early American culture. The book also provides a handful of black and white illustrations. Some, such as a page from the New England Primer, are becoming more widely available. Others, like the nineteenth-century engraving of a scene from James Fenimore Cooper s novel The Prairie, are more unusual. Castillo s approach interweaves history and literature as co-producers of what counts as context. Most pages have one or more extended quotations from literary works, both poetry and prose. This book models, therefore, a give-and-take conversation between literature and history rather than a one-way determination of one by the other. For instance, Castillo frames her

3 chapter on the British colonization of the New World with a quotation from the Panegyrick Verses that preface John Smith s Generall Historie of Virginia, New England and the Summer Isles. Since these verses compare the European settlement of the Americas to the classical myth of Jason s quest for the Golden Fleece, Castillo explains that this kind of imagery motivated colonization as a search for glory and treasure (17-18). But, when another poet s verse preface to the Generall Historie compares Smith s leadership of the Virginia colony to the god Vulcan hammering at his anvil, colonization is made to consist of manual labor and a struggle against the elements. As Castillo shows, then, the poems prefacing Smith s work are not simply decorations but expressions of the conflicting notions of colonization the anvil and the golden fleece that shaped the European conquest of the New World (17). The New World itself was composed of different places and changing times. If literary imagery shapes historical perspective in colonial Virginia, worldly events stimulate an otherworldly Transcendentalist literature in nineteenth-century New England. Castillo treats Indian Removal and Manifest Destiny before turning to New England writers like Ralph Waldo Emerson and Margaret Fuller. By presenting the philosophical idealism of the Transcendentalists after treating the history of the American West, Castillo reveals the violent social realities that accompanied and even motivated the Transcendentalists spiritual search for individual and aesthetic freedom. Several areas of literary, religious, and scientific history covered by this book strike me as particularly useful to its target audience. The opening chapter includes a helpful introduction to Indigenous literature, especially the Trickster tale. The chapter on colonial New England

4 provides basic background on how John Calvin s theology influenced Puritanism. It also summarizes the events and impact of the Antinomian Controversy, a dispute between a Puritan woman, Ann Hutchinson, and the Massachusetts Bay leadership over the theology of divine Election and salvation. Finally, at the outset of the chapter on post-revolutionary America, Castillo summarizes the debate between European naturalists and Thomas Jefferson over the alleged inferiority of New World plants, animals, and humans. Her discussion sheds a great deal of light on the scientific principles behind the debate, which are unfamiliar to most modern readers. Nevertheless, with all of its attention to the complexity and multiplicity of early American history and culture, this book left me wishing that it could have jettisoned its time frame, which ties its account of American literature to the development of the United States. Outside this book, Castillo s intellectual training and comparative colonial approach to American literature have blazed a path away from this traditional chronological framing. As she explains in the introduction to her monograph, Colonial Encounters in New World Writing, : Performing America (2005), Castillo came to study early America from a background in French, Spanish, and Portuguese language and literature. She wrote her Ph.D. dissertation in Portuguese on the Native American author Leslie Marmon Silko (Colonial Encounters, 3). Together with Ivy Schweitzer, she edited the path-breaking anthology, The Literatures of Colonial America (2001). This work includes many texts from French, Spanish, and indigenous literary traditions outside the traditional early American canon of works by English-speaking writers. Colonial Encounters, which emerged out of the anthology project, uses a methodology informed by the study of performance to recover the multiple voices of early

5 America. It shows how relations of colonial dominance and resistance emerge in European and Amerindian writing that takes the form of a dialogue or that narrates a play or ritual. In Colonial Encounters, Castillo praises the move beyond conventional disciplinary and linguistic boundaries in early American studies (18). She rejects a teleological paradigm in which the literatures of America progress towards European forms and U.S. national culture. Given the complexity of the literary history of the Americas, Castillo argues, and taking into account their linguistic and historical diversity, a paradigm of literary analysis predicated on the boundaries or the evolution of the nation-state is limiting and reductive (CE, 19). American Literature in Context does introduce the reader to North America s literary and historical complexity, but it does so within a chronological framework determined by the evolution of the United States from the Thirteen Colonies to an independent nation. In highlighting these differences between Castillo s other work and this book, I do not wish to trivialize the remarkable range of material it incorporates or to disparage its value as an introduction to early American literary context. I make this juxtaposition because it raises larger questions for all those reading early American literature. Castillo s work in The Literatures of Colonial America and in Colonial Encounters eloquently demonstrates that colonial America is much more than a prequel to the United States. How can we bring scholarship that challenges the U.S.-based framing of early America into introductory texts? How can we loosen the grip that United States nationalism has on colonial America while still engaging historical frameworks? Can curriculum committees, publishers, and casual readers be convinced that early American literature should be hemispheric, multilingual, and multidisciplinary?

6 In the end, this book is an innovative soul within a traditional body. It presents the historical context of American writing from a variety of perspectives within a period structure relevant to many current college courses. Yvette R. Piggush is Assistant Professor of English at Florida International University.

American Studies Early American Period

American Studies Early American Period American Studies Early American Period 1 TERMS: 1 Metaphysical-- based on abstract reasoning 2 Religious doctrine--something that is taught; dogma or religious principles 3 Dogma-- a system of doctrines

More information

Louisiana Department of Education Social Studies

Louisiana Department of Education Social Studies Louisiana Department of Education Social Studies Correlation to Grade Level Expectations Document Pearson Scott Foresman The United States Social Studies GRADE 5 C/SS-7A_G5 Geography The World in Spatial

More information

APUSH - CHAPTER 15 THE FERMENT OF REFORM AND CULTURE

APUSH - CHAPTER 15 THE FERMENT OF REFORM AND CULTURE APUSH - CHAPTER 15 THE FERMENT OF REFORM AND CULTURE Name Reviving Religion The Second Great Awakening 1. How had religion in the United States become more liberal by the early decades of the 19th century?

More information

Reform and Antebellum Culture ( ) Chapter 15

Reform and Antebellum Culture ( ) Chapter 15 Reform and Antebellum Culture (1790-1860) Chapter 15 ** Realize that Abolitionism also arose during this time period but it is dealt with in another chapter. Second Great Awakening (1820 s- 1830 s) 1.

More information

SB=Student Book TE=Teacher s Edition WP=Workbook Plus RW=Reteaching Workbook 47

SB=Student Book TE=Teacher s Edition WP=Workbook Plus RW=Reteaching Workbook 47 A. READING / LITERATURE Content Standard Students in Wisconsin will read and respond to a wide range of writing to build an understanding of written materials, of themselves, and of others. Rationale Reading

More information

Historical Context. Reaction to Rationalism 9/22/2015 AMERICAN ROMANTICISM & RENAISSANCE

Historical Context. Reaction to Rationalism 9/22/2015 AMERICAN ROMANTICISM & RENAISSANCE AMERICAN ROMANTICISM & RENAISSANCE 1820-1865 We will walk on our own feet; we will work with our own hands; we will speak our own minds. -Ralph Waldo Emerson O Nature! I do not aspire To be the highest

More information

Name Review Questions. WHII Voorhees

Name Review Questions. WHII Voorhees WHII Voorhees Name Review Questions WHII.2 Review #1 Name 2 empires of the Eastern hemisphere. Name 3 nations of Western Europe. What empire was located in Africa in 1500? What empire was located in India

More information

Chapter 15 The Ferment of Reform and Culture

Chapter 15 The Ferment of Reform and Culture AP U.S. History Name Chapter 15 The Ferment of Reform and Culture A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below. 1. 2. 3.

More information

Grades Breakdown Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4 Final

Grades Breakdown Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4 Final Grades Breakdown Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 4 Final Quarter 3 Course Objectives: In Honors American Literature, the instructor will: 1. Expose students to the Jeffersonian Ideal and the extent to which

More information

Religion, Intellectual Growth and Reform in Antebellum America

Religion, Intellectual Growth and Reform in Antebellum America http://www.learner.org/courses/amerhistory/units/8/video/ See first 23 minutes of video above for introduction to Religion, Intellectual Growth and Reform in Antebellum America http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t62fuzjvjos&list=pl8dpuualjxtmwmepbjtsg593eg7obzo7s&index=15

More information

American Revolution Study Guide

American Revolution Study Guide American Revolution Study Guide ESSAYS four of the five essays on this review sheet will be on your test. The material from the essay not on the test may appear in another section of the test. You will

More information

Sources: "American Transcendentalism: A Brief Introduction." by Paul P. Reuben Perspectives in American Literature Transcendentalism pbs.

Sources: American Transcendentalism: A Brief Introduction. by Paul P. Reuben Perspectives in American Literature Transcendentalism pbs. Sources: "American Transcendentalism: A Brief Introduction." by Paul P. Reuben Perspectives in American Literature Transcendentalism pbs.org Transcendentalism by David L. Simpson, DePaul University Transcendentalism:

More information

Religion, Intellectual Growth and Reform in Antebellum America

Religion, Intellectual Growth and Reform in Antebellum America http://www.learner.org/courses/amerhistory/units/8/video/ See first 23 minutes of video above for introduction to Religion, Intellectual Growth and Reform in Antebellum America (Chapter 11) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t62fuzjvjos&list=pl8dpuualjxtmwmepbjtsg593eg7obzo7s&index=15

More information

Age of Reason Revolutionary Period

Age of Reason Revolutionary Period Age of Faith Puritan Beliefs Religion: left England to worship as they pleased, Protestants, arrived 1620 Bible: nearly all colonists were literate and read the Bible. It was the literal word of God Original

More information

Review of What is Mormonism? A Student s Introduction, by Patrick Q. Mason; Mormonism: The Basics, by David J. Howlett and John Charles Duffy

Review of What is Mormonism? A Student s Introduction, by Patrick Q. Mason; Mormonism: The Basics, by David J. Howlett and John Charles Duffy Title Author Reference ISSN DOI Review of What is Mormonism? A Student s Introduction, by Patrick Q. Mason; Mormonism: The Basics, by David J. Howlett and John Charles Duffy Jennifer Graber Mormon Studies

More information

CHAPTER 15 Reform And Culture,

CHAPTER 15 Reform And Culture, CHAPTER 15 Reform And Culture, 1790 1860 1. Religion (pp. 320 324) Note: Try to figure out why waves of evangelical religion periodically sweep over the country. The evangelical religious right makes up

More information

May 18 (B) & 19 (A), 2017

May 18 (B) & 19 (A), 2017 May 18 (B) & 19 (A), 2017 Agenda - 5/18/2017 Collect Signed Grade Sheets In Cold Blood Discuss/Collect Part 4: Section 3 Questions Journal/IR The Transcendentalist Movement Notes Quotes It s My Life music

More information

Ch. 1. A New World of Many Cultures, Columbus Quote, Main point/s & Significance, p. 2

Ch. 1. A New World of Many Cultures, Columbus Quote, Main point/s & Significance, p. 2 Ch. 1. A New World of Many Cultures, 1492 1607 Columbus Quote, Main point/s & Significance, p. 2 Quote Main Point Significance/Why is it important? A. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES: WAS COLUMBUS A GREAT HERO?

More information

Why did people want to leave England and settle in America?

Why did people want to leave England and settle in America? Why did people want to leave England and settle in America? The Protestant Reformation Martin Luther challenged the Roman Catholic Church Said (among other things) that the Bible was the source of God

More information

AP U.S. History Chapter 13 The Rise of Mass Democracy Reading Notes. Election of Candidates: - Issues: - Results: John Quincy Adams Presidency

AP U.S. History Chapter 13 The Rise of Mass Democracy Reading Notes. Election of Candidates: - Issues: - Results: John Quincy Adams Presidency Chapter 13 The Rise of Mass Democracy Election of 1824 - Candidates: - Issues: - Results: John Quincy Adams Presidency Election of 1828: - Candidates: - Issues: 1 Chapter 13 The Rise of Mass Democracy

More information

Imperial Rivalries, Part Three: Religious Strife and the New World

Imperial Rivalries, Part Three: Religious Strife and the New World Imperial Rivalries, Part Three: Religious Strife and the New World By Peter C. Mancall, The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History on 04.26.17 Word Count 1,144 Level MAX Engraving by Theodor de Bry

More information

Inspiring the Poetry and Identity of a People: Walt Whitman s Influence and Reception in the Middle East

Inspiring the Poetry and Identity of a People: Walt Whitman s Influence and Reception in the Middle East Inspiring the Poetry and Identity of a People: Walt Whitman s Influence and Reception in the Middle East The reception of authors and their works is vastly different throughout the world, and throughout

More information

V : American Literature, From the Beginnings to the Civil War Fall Monday, Wednesday 9:30 a.m. 10:45 p.m., Silver 408. Course Description

V : American Literature, From the Beginnings to the Civil War Fall Monday, Wednesday 9:30 a.m. 10:45 p.m., Silver 408. Course Description V41.0230: American Literature, From the Beginnings to the Civil War Fall 2003 Monday, Wednesday 9:30 a.m. 10:45 p.m., Silver 408 Professor Cyrus R. K. Patell Department of English New York University 19

More information

World History Honors Semester 1 Review Guide

World History Honors Semester 1 Review Guide World History Honors Semester 1 Review Guide This review guide is exactly that a review guide. This is neither the questions nor the answers to the exam. The final will have 75 content questions, 5 reading

More information

Welcome to History 06 History of the Americas II Prof. Valadez

Welcome to History 06 History of the Americas II Prof. Valadez Welcome to History 06 History of the Americas II Prof. Valadez Colonial Legacies European Settlements in the Americas African-Indian-European Relations What are the characteristics of the Spanish, Portuguese,

More information

Session 3: Exploration and Colonization. The New England Colonies

Session 3: Exploration and Colonization. The New England Colonies Session 3: Exploration and Colonization The New England Colonies Class Objectives Locate and Identify the 4 New England colonies and the 2 original settlements of the Pilgrims and Puritans. Explain the

More information

American Romanticism An Introduction

American Romanticism An Introduction American Romanticism 1800-1860 An Introduction Make five predictions about the stories we will read during the Romanticism Unit. Consider predicting: plot, conflict, character, setting Romantic Predictions

More information

Adlai E. Stevenson High School Course Description

Adlai E. Stevenson High School Course Description Adlai E. Stevenson High School Course Description Division: Special Education Course Number: ISO121/ISO122 Course Title: Instructional World History Course Description: One year of World History is required

More information

Unit 1: Founding the New Nation FRQ Outlines

Unit 1: Founding the New Nation FRQ Outlines Prompt: In the seventeenth century, New England Puritans tried to create a model society. To what extent were those aspirations fulfilled during the seventeenth century? Re-written as a Question: To what

More information

Chapter 13. An American Renaissance: Religion, Romanticism & Reform

Chapter 13. An American Renaissance: Religion, Romanticism & Reform Chapter 13 An American Renaissance: Religion, Romanticism & Reform APUSH PowerPoint #4.5 (Part 1 of 1 Unit #4 Overlapping Revolutions Chapter 10 BFW Textbook TOPIC I. Antebellum Religion A. Effects of

More information

ELA CCSS Grade Five. Fifth Grade Reading Standards for Literature (RL)

ELA CCSS Grade Five. Fifth Grade Reading Standards for Literature (RL) Common Core State s English Language Arts ELA CCSS Grade Five Title of Textbook : Shurley English Level 5 Student Textbook Publisher Name: Shurley Instructional Materials, Inc. Date of Copyright: 2013

More information

1. Hendrickson, Brett. The Healing Power of the Santuario de Chimayó: America s Miraculous Church. New York: NYU Press, 2017.

1. Hendrickson, Brett. The Healing Power of the Santuario de Chimayó: America s Miraculous Church. New York: NYU Press, 2017. 1 HIST 3397 New Mexico: The History of Religion, Spirituality, and the Counterculture in the Land of Enchantment KNW, PRIE (Philosophical and Religious Inquiry and Ethics), Historical Contexts Breadth

More information

Mini-Unit #2. Enlightenment

Mini-Unit #2. Enlightenment 1 Mini-Unit #2 Enlightenment (new ideas) Assessment: Determine which 2 Enlightenment thinkers had the most impact on the rights of people. Defend your choices with specific evidence from the background

More information

Prentice Hall The American Nation: Beginnings Through Correlated to: Arkansas Social Studies Curriculum Frameworks (Grades 5 8)

Prentice Hall The American Nation: Beginnings Through Correlated to: Arkansas Social Studies Curriculum Frameworks (Grades 5 8) Arkansas Social Studies Curriculum Frameworks (Grades 5 8) STRAND 1: TIME, CONTINUITY, AND CHANGE CONTENT STANDARD 1: Students will demonstrate an understanding of the chronology and concepts of history

More information

Museum Of Transcendentalism. Curator: Danny Poidomani Researchers: Vraj Vyas, Bryana Williamson, Soleil Martinez, Iris Ocasio

Museum Of Transcendentalism. Curator: Danny Poidomani Researchers: Vraj Vyas, Bryana Williamson, Soleil Martinez, Iris Ocasio Museum Of Transcendentalism Curator: Danny Poidomani Researchers: Vraj Vyas, Bryana Williamson, Soleil Martinez, Iris Ocasio Welcome To Our Museum! In Our Museum, you will see different exhibits. But here

More information

Bellwork Tuesday 1/19/16

Bellwork Tuesday 1/19/16 Bellwork Tuesday 1/19/16 Using page 503 before the stars, answer the question below in at least five sentences (a full paragraph): How might the 19 th -century study of philology, coming from the study

More information

Why did English men and women colonize America?

Why did English men and women colonize America? Why did English men and women colonize America? They were looking for religious freedom? They wanted to spread their religion? They were seeking adventure? They were seeking fame? They wanted to grow the

More information

Migration to the Americas. Early Culture Groups in North America

Migration to the Americas. Early Culture Groups in North America Migration to the Americas Early Culture Groups in North America Motivation for European Exploration What pushed Europeans to explore? spices Middle Eastern traders brought luxury goods such as, sugar,

More information

Ch 15 Insights 2 nd Great Awakening- revival in religion in America

Ch 15 Insights 2 nd Great Awakening- revival in religion in America Ch 15 Insights 2 nd Great Awakening- revival in religion in America 1) Identify 3 examples from The Apostle of how the 2 nd Great Awakening Americanized or Democratized religion (and explain.) 2) Explain

More information

Early America to 1750

Early America to 1750 Early America to 1750 Objectives of the Unit Read, discuss, and write about early American literature Recall and interpret facts and extend the meaning of the selections React to critical opinions and

More information

1. Read, view, listen to, and evaluate written, visual, and oral communications. (CA 2-3, 5)

1. Read, view, listen to, and evaluate written, visual, and oral communications. (CA 2-3, 5) (Grade 6) I. Gather, Analyze and Apply Information and Ideas What All Students Should Know: By the end of grade 8, all students should know how to 1. Read, view, listen to, and evaluate written, visual,

More information

Early American Literature. An Era of Change

Early American Literature. An Era of Change Early American Literature An Era of Change Early American Literature Time Period: 1600-1800 Historical Context: First "American" colonies were established Religion dominated life and was a focus of their

More information

Fall, 2016 Kenna 301, (408) Office Hours: Wednesdays, 10:35am-12noon and by Appointment

Fall, 2016 Kenna 301, (408) Office Hours: Wednesdays, 10:35am-12noon and by Appointment Dr. Karl W. Lampley klampley@scu.edu Fall, 2016 Kenna 301, (408) 551-3182 Office Hours: Wednesdays, 10:35am-12noon and by Appointment RSOC 51 Religion in America MWF 1:00-2:05pm, Kenna 308 MWF 2:15pm-3:20pm,

More information

Course Syllabus. Course Information HIST American Intellectual History to the Civil War TR 2:30-3:45 JO 4.614

Course Syllabus. Course Information HIST American Intellectual History to the Civil War TR 2:30-3:45 JO 4.614 Course Syllabus Course Information HIST 3376 001 American Intellectual History to the Civil War TR 2:30-3:45 JO 4.614 Professor Contact Information Professor D. Wickberg, x6222, wickberg@utdallas.edu JO

More information

England. While theological treatises and new vernacular translations of the Bible made the case for Protestant hermeneutics to an educated elite,

England. While theological treatises and new vernacular translations of the Bible made the case for Protestant hermeneutics to an educated elite, 208 seventeenth-century news scholars to look more closely at the first refuge. The book s end apparatus includes a Consolidated Bibliography and an index, which, unfortunately, does not include entries

More information

Philosophy 221/Political Science 221 Philosophical Foundations of the American Revolution

Philosophy 221/Political Science 221 Philosophical Foundations of the American Revolution Fall 2015 LeChase 141, MW 10:25-11:40 Philosophy 221/Political Science 221 Philosophical Foundations of the American Revolution Richard Dees, Ph.D. Office: Lattimore 529 Hours: M 11:45-12:45, R 12:00-1:00

More information

Crossing disciplinary boundaries is a risky venture for scholars, but

Crossing disciplinary boundaries is a risky venture for scholars, but 86 FAITH & ECONOMICS Economics of Good and Evil: The Quest for Economic Meaning from Gilgamesh to Wall Street 0-19-976720-5, $27.95. Reviewed by Roger D. Johnson, Messiah College Crossing disciplinary

More information

AP United States History

AP United States History AP and Honors Summer Work Responsibilities for Rio Americano HS AP United States History Dear AP US History student Congratulations and welcome to AP U.S. History for the 2018-2019 school year! Attached

More information

Department of English 400 Old Mill 94 University Place The University of Vermont Burlington, VT 05405

Department of English 400 Old Mill 94 University Place The University of Vermont Burlington, VT 05405 Elizabeth Fenton curriculum vitae 1 Department of English 400 Old Mill efenton@uvm.edu 94 University Place The University of Vermont Burlington, VT 05405 EDUCATION 2006 Ph.D., English, Rice University

More information

Ralph Waldo Emerson, : Writer and Philosopher

Ralph Waldo Emerson, : Writer and Philosopher 10 December 2011 voaspecialenglish.com Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1803-1882: Writer and Philosopher Statue of Ralph Waldo Emerson (You can download an MP3 of this story at voaspecialenglish.com) SHIRLEY GRIFFITH:

More information

Garratt Publishing Diocesan Outcomes

Garratt Publishing Diocesan Outcomes Garratt Publishing Diocesan Outcomes for New South Whales Catholic Education Office Sydney Religious Education Foundation Statements SECONDARY RESOURCES This document outlines how RE resources from Garratt

More information

COURSES FOR RELIGIOUS STUDIES

COURSES FOR RELIGIOUS STUDIES Courses for Religious Studies 1 COURSES FOR RELIGIOUS STUDIES Religious Studies Courses REL100 Intro To Religious Studies Various methodological approaches to the academic study of religion, with examples

More information

Drafting a Thesis Statement

Drafting a Thesis Statement Drafting a Thesis Statement A thesis statement or thesis states the main idea of an essay. For these two courses, it is important to remember that often your thesis statements will need to express an educated

More information

America History of Our Nation Beginnings to

America History of Our Nation Beginnings to A Correlation of America History of Our Nation Beginnings to 1914 2011 to the Pennsylvania Academic Standards for History Grade 8 INTRODUCTION This document demonstrates how 2011 Beginnings to 1914 Edition

More information

THEME #3 ENGLISH SETTLEMENT

THEME #3 ENGLISH SETTLEMENT THEME #3 ENGLISH SETTLEMENT Chapter #3: Settling the Northern Colonies Big Picture Themes 1. Plymouth, MA was founded with the initial goal of allowing Pilgrims, and later Puritans, to worship independent

More information

Frontier Missionary, Enlightenment Theologian: The Role of Stockbridge and Native Americans in Jonathan Edwards s Enlightenment Critique

Frontier Missionary, Enlightenment Theologian: The Role of Stockbridge and Native Americans in Jonathan Edwards s Enlightenment Critique Professional Development Grant Final Report Frontier Missionary, Enlightenment Theologian: The Role of Stockbridge and Native Americans in Jonathan Edwards s Enlightenment Critique Dr. Gregory A. Michna

More information

Henry Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Transcendentalism. By Cassidy Vinson

Henry Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Transcendentalism. By Cassidy Vinson Vinson 1 Henry Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Transcendentalism By Cassidy Vinson Ralph Waldo Emerson introduced the complex thought of transcendentalism that inspired Henry David Thoreau as well as

More information

Prentice Hall: The American Nation, Survey Edition 2003 Correlated to: Colorado Model Content Standards for History (Grades 5-8)

Prentice Hall: The American Nation, Survey Edition 2003 Correlated to: Colorado Model Content Standards for History (Grades 5-8) Colorado Model Content Standards for History (Grades 5-8) STANDARD 1: STUDENTS UNDERSTAND THE CHRONOLOGICAL ORGANIZATION OF HISTORY AND KNOW HOW TO ORGANIZE EVENTS AND PEOPLE INTO MAJOR ERAS TO IDENTIFY

More information

Prentice Hall America: Pathways to the Present, Survey Edition 2005 Correlated to: Colorado Model Content Standards for History (Grades 9-12)

Prentice Hall America: Pathways to the Present, Survey Edition 2005 Correlated to: Colorado Model Content Standards for History (Grades 9-12) Prentice Hall America: Pathways to the Present, Survey Edition 2005 Colorado Model Content Standards for History (Grades 9-12) STANDARD 1: STUDENTS UNDERSTAND THE CHRONOLOGICAL ORGANIZATION OF AND KNOW

More information

[JGRChJ 5 (2008) R36-R40] BOOK REVIEW

[JGRChJ 5 (2008) R36-R40] BOOK REVIEW [JGRChJ 5 (2008) R36-R40] BOOK REVIEW Loveday C.A. Alexander, Acts in its Ancient Literary Context: A Classicist Looks at the Acts of the Apostles (LNTS, 298; ECC; London: T. & T. Clark, 2006; pbk edn,

More information

Definition of culture. : the beliefs, customs, arts, etc., of a particular society, group, place, or time.

Definition of culture. : the beliefs, customs, arts, etc., of a particular society, group, place, or time. Definition of culture. : the beliefs, customs, arts, etc., of a particular society, group, place, or time.. The Transcendentalism Movement An Introduction Cultural Influences Primarily emerging in the

More information

Building The Bay Colony: Local Economy And Culture In Early Massachusetts By James E. McWilliams READ ONLINE

Building The Bay Colony: Local Economy And Culture In Early Massachusetts By James E. McWilliams READ ONLINE Building The Bay Colony: Local Economy And Culture In Early Massachusetts By James E. McWilliams READ ONLINE If you are looking for the ebook Building the Bay Colony: Local Economy and Culture in Early

More information

NEW YORK CITY A STANDARDS-BASED SCOPE & SEQUENCE FOR LEARNING READING By the end of the school year, the students should:

NEW YORK CITY A STANDARDS-BASED SCOPE & SEQUENCE FOR LEARNING READING By the end of the school year, the students should: Prentice Hall Literature: Timeless Voices, Timeless Themes, Bronze Level 2002 New York City A Standards-Based Scope & Sequence for Learning (Grade 7) READING By the end of the school year, the students

More information

Boston College College of Advancing Studies HS02701: Social and Cultural Europe: Summer I 2011 taking a make-up examination.

Boston College College of Advancing Studies HS02701: Social and Cultural Europe: Summer I 2011 taking a make-up examination. Boston College College of Advancing Studies HS02701: Social and Cultural Europe: 1500-1789 Summer I 2011 Instructor: Martin R. Menke Office Hours: 5:15-6:00 in the Advancing Studies Office (McGuinn 100)

More information

Advanced Placement United States History Summer Assignment Due date: First day of class, August 2017

Advanced Placement United States History Summer Assignment Due date: First day of class, August 2017 Advanced Placement United States History Summer Assignment Due date: First day of class, August 2017 Welcome to Advanced Placement United States History for Fall-Spring 2017-18 at Fayetteville High School.

More information

Colonies Take Root

Colonies Take Root Colonies Take Root 1587-1752 Essential Question: How did the English start colonies with distinct qualities in North America? Formed by the Virginia Company in search of gold Many original settlers were

More information

Program of the Orthodox Religion in Secondary School

Program of the Orthodox Religion in Secondary School Ecoles européennes Bureau du Secrétaire général Unité de Développement Pédagogique Réf. : Orig. : FR Program of the Orthodox Religion in Secondary School APPROVED BY THE JOINT TEACHING COMMITTEE on 9,

More information

World Civilizations The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 6 th Edition 2011

World Civilizations The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 6 th Edition 2011 A Correlation of, AP* Edition, 6 th Edition 2011 To the AP* World History Topics *Advanced Placement, Advanced Placement Program, AP, and Pre-AP are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was

More information

The English Settlement of New England and the Middle Colonies. Protest ant New England

The English Settlement of New England and the Middle Colonies. Protest ant New England The English Settlement of New England and the Middle Colonies Protest ant New England 1 Calvinism as a Doctrine Calvinists faith was based on the concept of the ELECT Belief in God s predestination of

More information

A People's History of the United States, Zinn Reading Questions

A People's History of the United States, Zinn Reading Questions A People's History of the United States, Zinn 1. What were Columbus first impressions of the Native Americans? (cite the primary source of Columbus journal entry) 2. What was Columbus motive for embarking

More information

The Age of Enlightenment

The Age of Enlightenment The Age of Enlightenment By History.com, adapted by Newsela staff on 10.13.17 Word Count 927 Level 1040L A public lecture about a model solar system, with a lamp in place of the sun illuminating the faces

More information

THREE MYTH-UNDERSTANDINGS REVISITED

THREE MYTH-UNDERSTANDINGS REVISITED The Great Awakening was... the first truly national event in American history. Thirteen once-isolated colonies, expanding... north and south as well as westward, were merging. Historian John Garraty THREE

More information

Declaring Independence

Declaring Independence Declaring Independence Independence Declared Six months after Thomas Paine's challenge, the Second Continental Congress adopted one of the most revolutionary documents in world history, the Declaration

More information

The Thirteen Colonies. Timeline Cards

The Thirteen Colonies. Timeline Cards The Thirteen Colonies Timeline Cards ISBN: 978-1-68380-183-2 Subject Matter Expert J.Chris Arndt, PhD Department of History, James Madison University Tony Williams Senior Teaching Fellow, Bill of Rights

More information

DEPARTMENT OF RELIGION

DEPARTMENT OF RELIGION DEPARTMENT OF RELIGION s p r i n g 2 0 1 1 c o u r s e g u i d e S p r i n g 2 0 1 1 C o u r s e s REL 6 Philosophy of Religion Elizabeth Lemons F+ TR 12:00-1:15 PM REL 10-16 Religion and Film Elizabeth

More information

PHYS Planetary and Stellar Astronomy (COLL 200, NQR)

PHYS Planetary and Stellar Astronomy (COLL 200, NQR) PHYS 171 - Planetary and Stellar Astronomy (COLL 200, NQR) This course is intended for anyone interested in learning about the solar system and the planetary systems around other stars. The setting, is

More information

Chapter 3 Study Guide Settling the Northern Colonies:

Chapter 3 Study Guide Settling the Northern Colonies: Name: Date: Per. Chapter 3 Study Guide Settling the Northern Colonies: 1619-1700 You need to know the historical significance of the following key terms. I suggest you make flashcards. 1. John Calvin 20.

More information

Orientalism : A Perspective

Orientalism : A Perspective Orientalism : A Perspective M. Phil., Research Scholar, Deptt. of Philosophy, University of Delhi, Delhi Abstract This paper discusses Orientalism framework. In the first part of this paper, I talked about

More information

Gods, Saints, and Sinners: The Culture of Religion in Colonial Latin America

Gods, Saints, and Sinners: The Culture of Religion in Colonial Latin America Gods, Saints, and Sinners: The Culture of Religion in Colonial Latin America Dr. Emily Berquist The Virgin of the Mountain of Potosí, ca. 1720 Course Description: It is impossible to understand the colonial

More information

Heart of Buddha, Heart of China: The Life of Tanxu, a Twentieth-Century Monk

Heart of Buddha, Heart of China: The Life of Tanxu, a Twentieth-Century Monk Journal of Buddhist Ethics ISSN 1076-9005 http://www.buddhistethics.org/ Volume 18, 2011 Heart of Buddha, Heart of China: The Life of Tanxu, a Twentieth-Century Monk Reviewed by Erik Hammerstrom Pacific

More information

World Religions. These subject guidelines should be read in conjunction with the Introduction, Outline and Details all essays sections of this guide.

World Religions. These subject guidelines should be read in conjunction with the Introduction, Outline and Details all essays sections of this guide. World Religions These subject guidelines should be read in conjunction with the Introduction, Outline and Details all essays sections of this guide. Overview Extended essays in world religions provide

More information

The English literature of colonization. 2. The Puritans

The English literature of colonization. 2. The Puritans The English literature of colonization 2. The Puritans The Puritans They were radical Calvinist who believed that the Church of England had betrayed the spirit of the Reformation http://www.historyguide.org/earlymod/lectur

More information

Do Now. Was the colony of Jamestown, Virginia an instant success or a work in progress? Explain.

Do Now. Was the colony of Jamestown, Virginia an instant success or a work in progress? Explain. Do Now Was the colony of Jamestown, Virginia an instant success or a work in progress? Explain. THE NEW ENGLAND AND MID-ATLANTIC COLONIES Ms.Luco IB US History August 11-14 Standards SSUSH1 Compare and

More information

RBL 02/2004 Birch, Bruce C., Walter Brueggemann, Terence E. Fretheim, and David L. Petersen

RBL 02/2004 Birch, Bruce C., Walter Brueggemann, Terence E. Fretheim, and David L. Petersen RBL 02/2004 Birch, Bruce C., Walter Brueggemann, Terence E. Fretheim, and David L. Petersen A Theological Introduction to the Old Testament Nashville: Abingdon, 1999. Pp. 475. Paper. $40.00. ISBN 0687013488.

More information

Fall 2018 Theology Graduate Course Descriptions

Fall 2018 Theology Graduate Course Descriptions Fall 2018 Theology Graduate Course Descriptions THEO 406-001(combined 308-001): Basic Hebrew Grammar Tuesday and Thursday 11:30 am 12:45pm / Dr. Robert Divito This course presents the fundamentals of classical

More information

A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below.

A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below. AP U.S. History Mr. Mercado Name Chapter 3 Settling the Northern Colonies, 1619-1700 A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately

More information

THE SOCIAL SENSIBILITY IN WALT WHITMAN S CONCEPT OF DEMOCRACY

THE SOCIAL SENSIBILITY IN WALT WHITMAN S CONCEPT OF DEMOCRACY THE SOCIAL SENSIBILITY IN WALT WHITMAN S CONCEPT OF DEMOCRACY PREFACE Walt Whitman was essentially a poet of democracy. Democracy is the central concern of Whitman s vision. With his profoundly innovative

More information

An Introductory to the Middle East. Cleveland State University Spring 2018

An Introductory to the Middle East. Cleveland State University Spring 2018 An Introductory to the Middle East Cleveland State University Spring 2018 The Department of World Languages, Literature, and Culture and the Department of Political Science Class meets TTH: 10:00-11:15

More information

THREE MYTH-UNDERSTANDINGS REVISITED

THREE MYTH-UNDERSTANDINGS REVISITED The Great Awakening was... the first truly national event in American history. Thirteen once-isolated colonies, expanding... north and south as well as westward, were merging. Historian John Garraty THREE

More information

CORRELATION FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS CORRELATION COURSE STANDARDS/BENCHMARKS

CORRELATION FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS CORRELATION COURSE STANDARDS/BENCHMARKS SUBJECT: Spanish GRADE LEVEL: 9-12 COURSE TITLE: Spanish 1, Novice Low, Novice High COURSE CODE: 708340 SUBMISSION TITLE: Avancemos 2013, Level 1 BID ID: 2774 PUBLISHER: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt PUBLISHER

More information

A Correlation of. To the. Language Arts Florida Standards (LAFS) Grade 4

A Correlation of. To the. Language Arts Florida Standards (LAFS) Grade 4 A Correlation of To the Introduction This document demonstrates how, meets the. Correlation page references are to the Unit Module Teacher s Guides and are cited by grade, unit and page references. is

More information

CHAPTER 14 Forging the National Economy,

CHAPTER 14 Forging the National Economy, CHAPTER 14 Forging the National Economy, 1790 1860 A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to: 1. Describe the growth and movement of America s population in

More information

Pocahontas Lesson Plan (Shorter Version) Central Historical Question: Did Pocahontas save John Smith s life?

Pocahontas Lesson Plan (Shorter Version) Central Historical Question: Did Pocahontas save John Smith s life? Pocahontas Lesson Plan (Shorter Version) Central Historical Question: Did Pocahontas save John Smith s life? Materials: Walt Disney s Pocahontas movie (segment where Pocahontas saves John Smith)** Copies

More information

In Search of the American Voice An overview of the development of American Literature

In Search of the American Voice An overview of the development of American Literature In Search of the American Voice An overview of the development of American Literature Source: photohome.com Overview... 3 The Three Stages of Literature... 4 From The Puritans to Today... 5 A Model of

More information

Native Americans in New England Curricular Project

Native Americans in New England Curricular Project Curricular Project Title: Native Americans, Rousseau and the French Revolution Grade Level 11 and 12 Subject Area Focus Social Studies/History, Estimated Number of Days to Complete: Submitted by* Ted Collins

More information

Curriculum Catalog

Curriculum Catalog 2017-2018 Curriculum Catalog 2017 Glynlyon, Inc. Table of Contents WORLD HISTORY COURSE OVERVIEW...1 UNIT 1: ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS I... 1 UNIT 2: ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS II... 1 UNIT 3: THE MEDIEVAL WORLD...

More information

A Correlation of. To the. Language Arts Florida Standards (LAFS) Grade 5

A Correlation of. To the. Language Arts Florida Standards (LAFS) Grade 5 A Correlation of 2016 To the Introduction This document demonstrates how, 2016 meets the. Correlation page references are to the Unit Module Teacher s Guides and are cited by grade, unit and page references.

More information

FROM NATURALISM TOWARDS HUMANISM: AN EMERSONIAN TRAJECTORY. A thesis submitted to the Theological School of. Drew University in partial fulfillment of

FROM NATURALISM TOWARDS HUMANISM: AN EMERSONIAN TRAJECTORY. A thesis submitted to the Theological School of. Drew University in partial fulfillment of [These sample pages are not from an actual M.A. thesis nor are the citations necessarily real or accurate, but are included simply to illustrate proper citation style] FROM NATURALISM TOWARDS HUMANISM:

More information

Journal of Hebrew Scriptures - Volume 13 (2013) - Review

Journal of Hebrew Scriptures - Volume 13 (2013) - Review Journal of Hebrew Scriptures - Volume 13 (2013) - Review Benjamin, Don C., Stones and Stories: An Introduction to Archaeology and the Bible (Overtures to Biblical Theology; Minneapolis: Fortress, 2009).

More information

The Protestant Movement and Our English Heritage. revised English 2327: American Literature I D. Glen Smith, instructor

The Protestant Movement and Our English Heritage. revised English 2327: American Literature I D. Glen Smith, instructor The Protestant Movement and Our English Heritage Time Line overview 1517 Martin Luther publishes The Ninety-Five Theses 1530 John Calvin breaks from the Roman Catholic Church 1536 John Calvin publishes

More information