Why did English men and women colonize America?

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1 Why did English men and women colonize America? They were looking for religious freedom? They wanted to spread their religion? They were seeking adventure? They were seeking fame? They wanted to grow the power and wealth of England? They were looking to get rich? They were looking for free or cheep land? They just wanted to start over? They were looking for political freedom? They were sent to the America s for breaking laws (they were criminals)?

2 St. Augustine, Florida 1565 Established as a base to attack French Pirates and settlements by Pedro Aviles In 1566, Martín de Argüelles was born in San Agustín, the first European child born in the continental United States Intended as colonial base it turned into a military outpost Encouraged English colony slaves to escape and come to Florida to be free

3 Roanoke, Virginia 1585 and men attempted to settle in They gave up and went back to England in men stayed in In men, women and children came to Roanoke. They only found bones of the 15 men. Virginia Dare was born in 1587 the first English child born in the new world. In August 1587, John White (the head of the expedition) sailed back to England for supplies couldn t come back until 1590 In Aug 1590 White found not trace of the settlers except for the word CROATAN carved into a tree

4 Jamestown, Virginia First SUCCESSFUL English settlement in the New World. Led by Captain Christopher Newport Goal was to make money. There is SOME truth and a lot of myth about Pocahontas She was just a girl when she knew John Smith She MAY have saved his life/could have been part of a ceremony She DID marry a British colonist and went to England. She never made it back to Virginia

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7 Plymouth, Massachusetts 1620 Puritans left England so they could practice Their religion they way they wanted Intended to sail for Virginia but ended up in Massachusetts Signed the Mayflower Compact Landed at Plymouth Rock (?) on Nov 16 Local natives helped them survive through through the winter Held a harvest of Thanksgiving in October 1621

8 The Mayflower Compact Modern version In the name of God, Amen. We, whose names are underwritten, the loyal subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord King James, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, defender of the Faith, etc. Having undertaken, for the Glory of God, and advancements of the Christian faith and honor of our King and Country, a voyage to plant the first colony in the Northern parts of Virginia, do by these presents, solemnly and mutually, in the presence of God, and one another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil body politic; for our better ordering, and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the colony; unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names at Cape Cod the 11th of November, in the year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord King James, of England, France, and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth, [12]

9 The First Thanksgiving This painting by J.L.G Ferris, titled The First Thanksgiving 1621, was published in 1932

10 The First Thanksgiving painted in 1914 by Jennie Augusta Brownscombe

11 Salem, Massachusetts 1630

12 Salem, Massachusetts accused, 20 executed.none burned

13 Salem, Massachusetts today

14 William Bradford Letter to John Winthrop 11 April 1638 This 1638 letter from Gov. William Bradford of Plymouth Colony to Gov. John Winthrop of Massachusetts Bay Colony references Anne Hutchinson, who soon would be exiled from Massachusetts for her religious teachings. Hutchinson held popular weekly religious meetings in her Boston home. Many colony leaders felt threatened by Hutchinson and her followers, whom they labeled "Antinomians" heretics who believed themselves above law and custom because of their direct communion with God. In this letter, Bradford expresses concern that Hutchinson and her followers might move into Plymouth Colony. He also asks Winthrop for information about a "monsterous & prodigious birth" to Mary Dyer. A follower of Hutchinson, Dyer gave birth to a deformed, stillborn baby, with Hutchinson acting as midwife. Hutchinson's opponents saw the birth as God's punishment, as they did a later, similar birth to Hutchinson. Dyer later converted to Quakerism and was jailed and executed in Boston for refusing to conform to the established church.

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