THE CROMWELLIAN SETTLEMENT OF THE COUNTY OF LIMERICK.

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2 P- - THE CROMWELLIAN SETTLEMENT OF THE COUNTY OF LIMERICK. BY JAMES GRENE BARRY, Y.R.S.A.I. P Some preliminary remarks are necessary to lead up to my subject, and to explain how the Crornwellian settlement came about.. In a previous paper I showed the results of the Desmond confiscations, and the consequent settlement of this county under Queen Elizabeth. After the Flight of the Earls in 1607, English and Scotch " Undertakers," as they were called, got grants to the extent of three million acres in the six escheated Ulster counties (I). In these grants, however, only the arable Iand is mentioned or measured, amounting to 511,467 acres. The mountains, bogs, and uncultivated lands were treated as " waste land "; but, in course of time, we find this "waste land " was taken possession of by the grantees. The native Irish were restored," as it is called, to about 75,000 acres of arable land, and, we may assume, also acquired a due proportion of L' waste land." It must be remembered that this Ulster Settlement under James I. was unlike the Munster Settlement of his predecessors, as - there had been no general rising or overt act of treason committed by the old proprietors. After the defeat of the Irish at the battle of Kinsale, in 1603, O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, had made his submission and was graciously received into favour by King James in bndon. Hugh OPDonnell was, on his submission, created Earl of Tyrconnell. (I) The six counties were Armagh, Tyrone, Coleraine (now Derry), Donegal, Fermanagh, and Cavan.

3 2 The King took this opportunity to abolish Tanistry and other old Irish customs, and substituted instead the feudal system of land tenure. The Earls had their vast territories made into shires. Sheriffs were, for the first time, appointed, and judges went circuit. The Earls, without consulting their Clans, agreed to hold their lands, for the future, direct from the Crown, and their vassals and clansmen were turned into tenants at fixed rents and tenures, instead of holding under the old customary due$. Under the Irish system the Chief was elected from the reigning family by the Clan, and was merely tenant for life of the lands of the Clan, except certain demesne lands, which went with the chiefry. Horvever, this attempt, which I believe was honestly made, to get rid of what was considered barbarous customs, was marred, unfortunately, by the enactment, in 1605, of certain Penal laws against the religion of the Irish people. Up to this time the doctrines of the Reformation had made no way in Ireland. The late Dr. Richey, Professor of Feudal and English Law in T.C.D., says, in one of his well-known lectures.on Irish History :-(2) " The entire population of Ireland was hitherto Catholic ; the Catholics were divided into two parties-the Trish Catholics and the Catholics of the English connexion. The former, clinging to native usages and laws, were in their traditions and ideas utterly opposed to the English rule, and they, as irreconcilable~, were destined, if they could not triumph, hopelessly to succumb. The latter, except in the question of religion, were thoroughly English ; they fdrmed the mass of the English partisans, lent to the Government the physical force necessary to its maintenance, and swelled the official party in the Irish Parliament. It was this Catholic party which passed the acts relative to the affairs of the Church and the dissolution of the Monasteries." We see the Irish of that period differed on every subject except religion. After the plantation of Ulster, and the enactment and strict enforcement of penal laws, the whole aspect changed. The ritual and formularies of the Church were altered, and an active campaign commenced against the old religion. Endowed schools were +established in each county, and a provision was made for a resident ' Ptotestant clergy in every parish ; so that under this plantation, (2) "A Short History of the Irish People." Ed. 1887, p Professor Richey says that the Protestant clergy "got for the first time a social status in the country which they had never enjoyed before." The new Planters formed a loyal body, whose interests was to support the Government in enforcing religious conformity. They naturally looked forward to futher confiscations. The Catholics of the Pale were, at last, forced to side with their CO-religionists, and thus came about for the first time an united Irish party. We, therefore, find two elements of discontent : I--the confiscation of the tribe lands in Ulster, owing to the outlawry of the Chiefs ; 2-religious persecution, which extended to the whole of Ireland. Partial risings were from time to time put down with the strong hand, and considerable portions of the Counties of Leitrim, Longford, King's County and Wexford, were escheated and planted. When the Government of Ireland came into the hands of Black Tom " Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, the country was, to all appearances, enjoying a period of peace and contentment. In order to find funds for his royal master to fight his Scotch subjects, Strafford made a progress through the greater part of Ireland, and appointed LLDiscoverers," to investigate and pick holes in the titles to lands granted during the previous reign. By taking advantage of technical errors in these patents from the Crown, he succeeded in raising a lalge sum for the King, without giving him the trouble to appeal to Parliament. Tht~s we have a new source of discontent. The old Connaught proprietors, who in Queen Elizabeth's time paid large sums to save their estates from a claim three hundred years old, and had got new patents from the Crown, had' now these same estates confiscated. Strafford at first offered them half their old estates under fresh patents, the other half to revert to the Crown for a new Plantation; but Charles was now in trouble with his Parliament, and preferred money. Consequently, they were graciously allowed to compound for the retention of their estates by the payment of large fines. ~ucli was the condition of affairs in Ireland when the outbrealr or national rising of 1641 toak place. It is not my intention to take sides in the controversy as to the alleged wholesale massacres.and atrocities connected with this event,except to state that it has

4 4 been conceded by all unprejudiced historians that the exaggerated details of massacres given by Sir John Temple, in his narrative published in 1645, may be discounted and discredited. I have so far given, as concisely as possible, the three active elements which led up to the civil war of 1641, which lasted for over nine years, and ended so disastrously for the Irish nation by the confiscations and settlement of the country under Cromwell. The Irish were at first successful in capturing the principai walled towns. when Limerick revolted, Captain George Courtenay, a younger son of Sir William Courtenay, was in the castle with sixty of his own company, twentyeight warders and others, to the number of two hundred men, but they were scanty of provisions and could get none from the town except by stealth. They had arms of one sort or other for all the men, but not above sixty muskets or caliveis that were serviceable : the rest were petronels, pistols, carabines, brown-bills and fowling pieces. There were three demi-canon, two sakers, and one minion ; but not above five or six firkins of powder in the place. The first work the Irish set about in order to take the fort was the making of a.boomacross the river, over against a place called Mock Beggar Mear (1) within musket shot of the castle. It was made of long ashen trees fastened with iron links on the Thomond side to two mill stones, and at the other end to the tower of the key. The Irish plied the garrison with their shot from St. Mary's church, so that none could stir in the castle-yard. On June z~sf Captain Courtenay capitulated when part of the wall fell down." Limerick was taken by the Confederate Catholics, under Lords Ikerrin and Muslrerry and General Barry, on June zrst, King Charles now offered to come over and lead his army to subdue thpse wicked and detestable rebels," but the Parliament refused either to allow him to leave England or to vote funds for the army. They substituted a scheme for raising funds by private subscription to pay an army for conquering Ireland. By the Adventurers' Act, passed on February ~6th~ r C q, every one who would bring in and adventure money for the " reducing of Ireland should hare so many acres of the Irish rebels lands, proportionable to the money which they brought in." There (3). " Life of the Duke of Ormond." Vol. II., p. 304 were 1,360 subscribers under this scheme, and the sum subscribed amounted to ;643,406 5s. od. Prendergast, in his Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland," gives the names, occupations, and amounts subscribed by these adventurers. We find all classes mixed up in this adventure-peers, Parliament-men, army men, gentlemen, professional men, merchants, ' traders, farmers, and artisans. 2,;oo,ooo acres were to be parcelled out among these men, in proportion to the money subscribed. Subscribers of Lzoo were to be allotted I,OOO acres in Ulster ; of 300,.: r,ooo acres in Connaught ; of L~oo, 1,000 acres in Munster ; and of 6600, 1,ooo acres in Leinster. In this way an army of ;,OOO foot and 400 horse was raised and equipped for service in Ireland ; but before they reached that country the Civil War broke out in England, and they were ordered to join the Parliamentary forces at Edgehill, where they were cut to pieces by the Royal forces. The next scheme adopted by the English Parliament for the re-conquest of Ireland was the pledging of the chief sea-ports to the public, on the following terms :-Limerick City, with 12,000 acres of land adjoining, was offered for ~3o,ooo, and a rent to the State of A625 a year ; Waterford, with I j,ooo acres adjoining, at the same rate ; Galway, with ~o,boo acres adjoining, for &7,joo, and a rent of 520 a year ; and Wexford, with 6,000 acres adjoining, for ~5,ooo, and a rent of 156 4s. 4d. a year. But the English public refused to swallow this rich bait, having in mind the fate of the Adventurers. In 1b43 the Marquis of Ormond had been made, by the King, Lord Lieutenant and Commander-in-Chief in Ireland. He, however, made terms with the Parliament in 1647, and surrendered to them Dublin and the other fortified towns ; whereupon a reinforcement of 1,400 foot and 600 horse were sent to Ireland, under Generals Kipper and Massy. On the death of the King, in 1649, the Parliament were free to give their undivided attention to the conquest of Ireland. The General they selected was Oliver Cromwell. 'ro understand the situation at this date in Ireland, it will be necessary for us to enter fhe Irish camp, and see how matters have developed there since I 641. In the Parliamqnt which met in I 639 the Catholic party had a majority both in the Houses of Peers and

5 Commons. The Members of Parliament for the County of Limerick were Sir Edward Fitzharris and Bromne Miles ; for the City of Limerick, Alderman Nicholas Arthur and Dominick White ; for Kilmallock, Messrs. Kearney and St. Leger; for Askeaton, Roger Rice and Maurice Williams. Roger, or Rory, O'Moore was the most prominent Member of the Catholic party in this Parliament. Having failed in, his efforts to redress the grievances of his CO-religionists, he formulated a plan to seize Dublin Castle, which failed. He was in correspondence, with Owen Roe O'Neill, a nephew of the Earl of Tyrone, who had lost his ancestral territory as we have seen. O'Neill was an able and experienced General, who had graduated as a soldier in the Netherlands. He took command of the old Irish of Ulster against the Scotch army of Montrose and Leslie, I 2,000 strong ; and his victory against the former General, at Benburb, proved his prowess as a ' capable leader and skilful General. The country at this time was governed by the Kilkenny Confederation, consisting of the Bishops, clergy, Peers, and principal Catholic gentry. The Papal Legate, or Nuncio, Rinuccini, arrived on the scene in 1645, and soon afterwards a split took place between the Lords of the Pale and the Church Party led by Rinuccini. The former made peace with Orinonde in I 646, purchasing their own safety at the expense of the clergy and of the old Irish of Ulster. The Nuncio, from Limerick, :issued a decree condemning the peace and calling on all military and civil officers to "withdraw their allegiance from the late Supreme Council." Owen Roe O'Neill marched his Ulster men into Leinster, and soon had possession of Kilkenny; the Supreme Council flying to Dublin. O'Neill formed a provisional Council in their stead, with the Nuncio as President. But the other section of the Confederates were the strongest; they entered into a treaty with Lord Inchiquin (Morogh-an-totane), who commanded the Parliamentary forces in Munster-he had changed sides in 1644, and now changed over to the King's party. The combined forces were turned against Owen Roe and his Ulster army. A proclamation was issued from Kilkenny, where the Supreme Council had re-established itself, declaring Owen Roe OINeill, Rory OIMore, and the other Catholic leaders " to be common enemies and disturbers of the peace of our Sovereign Lord the King," and ordering the Nuncio to forthwith quit the Kingdom of Ireland. Of course there was a counter-blast from Rinuccini and the Bishops, denouncing the peace of Ormond, whc had once again changed sides, now entered Kilkenny in state, and was received with acclamation and great rejoicing. His first act, however, was to dissolve the Supreme Council. Such was the state of parties in Ireland on the death of Charles F I. Ormond at once proclaimed Charles II., and called on all the'. Irish parties to unite under the Royal banner against the rebel Parliament of England. On the 12th of October, 1649, he signed a treaty with Owen Roe O'Neill, but, unfortunately for the Royal cause, Owen Roe died on the 6th of the following November, and his veteran Ulster army of 6,000 foot and 500 horse were left without a leader. Ormond was not successful in his efforts to unite the Irish parties under his leadership. (4) " Ormond had used all imaginable pains and descended to all the arts of persuasion to engage the magistrates and citizens of Limerick to a step which was necessary for the" security of their persons, estates and religion. But he was so far from prevailing that they did not treat him with those outward forms of civility and respect which had been in no other place denied. The officers that commanded the City guards neither came to him for orders nor imparted them to him.... To show the contempt they had of the King's authority they committed to prison the Viskount Kilmallock, a Roman Catholic peer and an officer of the army (the Lord Lieutenant himself being upon the place), for no other reason, but for quartering for one night some horsemen under his command by the Marquis of Ormond's own orders, within the liberties of the City... There was a Dutch shiij in the river, on board which he put two trunks of papers he was desirous of sending abroad. Dominick Fanning gathering a parcel of young men about him in a riotous manner entered the ship, broke open and rifled the trunks. When they found instead of money papers they desisted. The Mayor had opposed them in the attempt but in vain. The Marquis, to encourage the good inclinations + (4) " Life of the Duke of Ormond." Vol. II., pp

6 1 professed, removed to Clare, quartering the troops he had with him (1700 foot and 350 horse) in the neighbourhood.... Fanning and his party called in Colonel Mortagh O'Brien, a man entirely devoted to their faction, with his regiment increased by zoo recruits, and though the Mayor opposed his entrance at the gates, they made their way into the City by force, seized the magazine of corn laid up there for the supply of the army, and a quantity of corn belonging to his Excellency himself.... Soon after Ireton advancing with his troops they appeared inclined to accept a garrison, but would have it composed of their own choosing, among which they insisted particularly on O'Brien's regiment. This obstinacy and disobedience of Limerick made it impossible for the Marquis of Ormond either to gather or keep the body of an army together." Limerick refused to receive or treat with him. He finally made Loughreagh his headquarters, and appointed Lords Clanricarde and Castlehaven and General Preston to the commands of the Leinster and Munster forces, and made Bishop Heber McMahon, of Clogher, General of Owen Roe's veteran Ulster men, with the result that the Bishop and his army were totally defeated by Sir Charles Coote in a pitched battle near Letterkenny, The Bishop and many notable Ulster men were taken prisoners, and were in due course hanged and quartered in the town of Enniskillen. Olives Crornwell now appears on the scene, having been made Lord Lieutenant of 1reland and Commander-in-Chief by the Parliament. He arrived in Dublin on the 15th of August, 1649, with a force of 8,000 foot and 4,000 horse, and the sum of ~zoo,~oo in cash. The Munster garrisons, under Lords Inchiquin and Broghill, revolted, and joined the Parliamentary forces in the October and November following ; and when Cromwell sailed from Youghal on the 20th May, 1650, the conquest of Ireland had been practically completed, Limerick and Galway being the only towns of any importance which still held out for the King. General Ireton, Cromwell's son-in-law, succeeded as Lord Deputy and Commander of the Parliamentary Forces. Limerick surrendered to him in October, 165 I, after a gallant defence, lasting six months. Ireton died there on the 15th of the following November, and was succeeded by 'General Fleetwood as Lord Deputy. On the 12th?Ifay, 1652, the Leinster army surrendered,.and terms were agreed on, known as the " Kilkenny Articles." The Ulster and Munster forces accepted these terms soon after, and laid down their arms. They were, according to these " Articles," to receive protection for themselves and their fanlilies, and the Parliamentary Commis- sioners undertook to mediate between them and the English Parliament, that they might enjoy in peace what remained of their! lands ; and those not satisfied with the action of Parliament were to., be free to leave the country, and to take service with any foreign' State they might select. The country was now, at the end of the mar, in a deplorable / state-depleted of men and money, stricken with fire and sword, without cattle or growing crops, and with a plague-stricken and starving population. The population of Ireland in 1641 was r,~oo,ooo; in 1652 it was only 85o,ooo,-a reduction of 6~0,ooo in a 1 decade. The population of Dublin in 1641 was estimated at zo,ooo. I It is recorded that in Dublin alone 17,ooo died of the plague between 1650 and The total revenue of Ireland was only ~198,000 a year, but the cost of the army of occupation, estimated at 30,000 men, came to ~500,ooo a year. The remedy found by the English Parliatnent for this lamentable state of affairs was a plan for the speedy planting of the country with the "Adventurers " and disbanded soldiers. It was proposed that all the confiscated lands should be at once surveyed, and that " all soldiers should bring in their demand of arrears, so to give every man by lot so many acres as should answer the value of his demand." The private soldiers and non-commissioned officers were to have their lots at the same rate as the "Adventurers"; lieutenants, cornets, ensigns, and quartermasters at two-thirds of the same rates; and all officers above those degrees at one-half those sates ; and should any private soldier wish to compound his arrears in gross, he was to get ten acres of land for every year of his service. Half the Province of Connaught, west of the Shannon (including portion of the County Clare), was set apart for the Irish proprietois, who were ordered to transplant before the first day of May, 1654, under the penalty of death. A band along the River

7 I0 Shannon, four miles wide, was reserved for the soldiers, in order to secure the imprisonment of the transplanted Irish. This band was subsequently reduced a mile from the river, and a circuit round Limerick City of three miles. When this proclamation for transplanting was issued, the gentry and farmers were busy in harvesting their scanty crops. Each person had to get a certificate, describing his or her personal appearance, position, age, and that of each member of the,ir families and households ; also the quantity of cattle, horses, crops, etc., proposed to be removed. These documents are known as "Transplanters' Certificates,"and had to be presented to the Commissioners for the allotment of lands in Connaught before the first day of February, 1654 The following names appear in these lists connected with the County and City of Limerick :- Arthur, Barry, Bourke, Brown, Casey, Clanchy, Creagh, Can- - tillon, Comyn, Gould, Fitzgerald, Fitzgibbon, Kennedy, Fitzharris, Harold, Hartigan, Hurley, Hogan, Lacy, Lee or Leo, Mulqueen, Mulcahy, McMahon, McSheehy, Liston, Naish, Power, Purcell, OIBrien, O'Shaughnessy, OIMolloney, OIHea, O'Mahony, O'Madigan OIHeffernan, OIHalloran, O'Dwyer, OIConnor, Ryan, Roche, Rochford, Ronan, Russell, Rawley, Stacpoole, Stritch, Sarsfield, Scanlan, Sullivan, Sheehan, Walsh, White, Wolfe. Sir Nicholas Comyn was a notable citizen of Limerick, who had 1 to transplant with many of his neighbours. His certificate describes him as "Sir Nicholas ~ombn, of the Liberties of Limerick, numb at the side of his body of a dead palsy; his Lady Katherine Comyn, aged thirty-four years, flaxen hair, middle stature ; and one maid servant, Honor McNamara, aged 20 years, browne hair, middle stature, etc." Ignatius Stacpoole, of Limerick, is described as an "Orphan, aged I I years, flaxen hair, full face, low stature. Katherine, sister of the said Ignatius, 8 years, flaxen hair, ft~ll face, having no substance to relieve them." The following is the certificate of a County Limerick gentleman of position, whc se property was confiscated :- '' We, the Commissioners, do hereby certify that Sir David Eourke, of Kilpeacon in the Barony of Small County and County of Limerick, hath, upon the 19th of November, 1653, delivered unto us, in writing, the names of himself and such other persons as are to remove with him, with the quantities and qualities of their stock and tillage, the contents whereof are as follows, viz. : the said Sir David Bourke, adged 64 years, middle stature, brown hair; the Lady Catherine Bourke, adged 58 years, white hoary hair; Oliver Bourke, son of the said Sir David, adged 38 years, middle stature, full face, black hair ; Edmund Bourke, another son, adged 37 years, middle stature, sick of the body, red hair; Patrick Bourke, another son of the said Sir David's, adged 35 years, tall stature, flaxen hair ; David Bourke, another son, adged 28 years, middle stature, flax~n hair." Then comes a list of their followers and servants, " their substance one plough of garans, tenn cows, six acres of barley sowed, the substance whereof we believe to be true." (5) The old Anglo-Irish families of the Pale-Butlers, Fitzgeralds, Barnwalls, Cheevers, Dillons, Cusacks, Lutterells, Plunkets, Talbots, Nettervills, &c, whose ancestors, from the time of King John, held the Pale for the English against the mere Irish, were now, in the depth of winter, forced to transplant into Connaught, with their families. They sent petitions and remonstrances to the Government without avail, their lands were required for the motley crew of Adventurers and soldiers, and they had to go. The old native inhabitants of Limerick, and the colony of fisher men, claimed exemption from transplanting, on the ground that they had always assisted the English garrison and that it was their interest which induced the City to surrender during Ireton's seige. These were the descendants of Danish and English traders who inhabited the English-town, and who considered themselves the aristoqacy of Limerick, and who looked down on the mere Irish who dwelt in the Irishtown. But the Crom~ellians treated all alike, and many of their names may be found in the list of the transplanted from the " prescint of Limerick." Here is a characteristic petition from the children of a Limerick Alderman, in 1654 :-" The humble petition of Christina Roche, dustace Kate and John Roche, the children of Alderman Jordan Roche, decd. : sheweth that Alderman Jordan Roche dyed seized of a vast real estate to the value of ~2000 a year, and likewise of a considerable personal estate, all which devolved and came to the publique. That (5) Book of Transplanters' Certificates, County Limerick.

8 your poor petitioners are in a sad and deplorable condition for want of sustinance, or mayntenance, and have nothing to live on, but what they can earne by their needles and by washing and wringing, and they pray to be allowed something out of their father's estate." Alderman Roche lived at Newcastle, that ivy-clad ruin Limerick people know so well, and was owner of the surrounding lands. It was on the Cathdic nobility and gentry that the blow chiefly fell, as most of the peasantry who survived the civil war hkd left the country. Forty thousand Irishmen went into the services of the Kings of Spain, France, and Poland, and served with distinction in the low countries and elsewhere on the continent of Europe. The Bristol sugar merchants had entered into an agreement with the Government for the transportation of men, women and children, to the sugar plantations in the West Indies. In a few years 6,400 natives of Ireland were shipped to the sugar plantations under the warrant of the Puritan Parliament. It is on record that in the month of October, 1655, rooo young men and 1000 girls were shipped from the port of Galway, consigned to merchants in Jamaica. T e remnant of natives who still survived all this were not sent to CJ-t " h or Connaught," for the following reasons, (6) given by Colonel Ingoldsby, Governor of Limerick :- (I) "They were useful as earth-tillers and herdsmen. (2) "Deprived of their clergy, and living among the English settlers, they wduld become, eventually, Protestants, and loyal subjects to the Parliament. (3) "The gentry in Connaught, deprived of their followers, must either starve, or, in time, become peasants themselves." On the 26th September, 1653, an Act was passed for the settlement of Ireland. The towns, church lands and tithes, were reserved by the Puritan Parliament for their own purposes. They abolished all Church dignitaries-archbishops, Bishops, Deans, &c. They reserved, also, the counties of Dublin, Kildare, Cork, and Carlow. The rest of Ireland was to be divided between Adventurers and soldiers. It was found that the amount due to the Adventurzrs was &36o,ooo, and the arrears of pay due to the soldiers ~1,550, ts were to be drawn by a (6) Threnodia Iiiberno-Catholics, &C., p. 25. committee representing both classes. In the county Limerick ~30,000 worth of land was set out for Adventurers at the rate of 81- per acre. Dr. William Petty, physician to the forces, entered into an Agreement, dated December ~~th, 1654, for the surveying and mapping of the escheated lands in Ireland. He was to receive for every thousand plantation acres of profitable land surveyed 7 3s. qd. For every thousand acres of bog and mountain, called unprofitable land, 3, and the same price for church lands. In addition, he was to receive a sum of Lrooo for the maps. The work was contracted to be completed in I thirteen months from February ~st, This is the history of the well-known Down survey," which was completed in the county Limerick in The survey and maps are to be seen in the Public Record Office, Dublin. Dr. Petty employed over one thousand assistants in this great work, chiefly disbanded soldiers, who were placed under skilled surveyors. Petty's chief assistant in this survey was 'I'homas i'aylor, ancestor of the Marquis of Headfort. who got extensive grants of land in the neighbourhood of Kells, county Meath. A great part of the county Limerick was surveyed and mapped under the supervision of Mr. Thomas Jackson. According to his survey the total escheated lands in this county amounted to zgo,ooo acres, or one half of the whole county. In the Eooks of Survey and Distribution the names of the old proprietors and grantees are given, the townlands with the area, the parishes and baronies. (The maps are, when compared with the Ordnance Survey maps, found to be wonderfully accurate.) According to this survey there were about ~o,ooo acres of church lands in this county, and the unprofitable land amounting to about onetenth of the whole. The commons attached to the adjacent townlands and hamlets were not assessed against the grantees in their patents. In July, 1656, the first allotment of lands in this county was made to the soldiers. The first regiments disbanded were the horse regiments of Generals Ludlow, Sir Charles Coote, Colonel Ingoldsby and Colonel Pretty. Colonel Chidley Coote's regiment got assignments of land in the barony of Coshlea, at the rate of 121- an acre, equal to A600 for rooo acres. Colonel Richard Coote got an assignment in Small county, at 161- an acre, and Major Ormsby and Major King, in Coshma, at 141-

9 an acre. General Jones and the officers of the Life Guards got grants in Clanwilliam, at the rate of 221- the acre. The country was in a deserted and wasted condition at this timea complete wilderness. Most of the soldiers became discontented and refused to settle on their lots, and were glad to sell their debentures to their officers for the price of their passage back to England. One of' the grievances of the soldiers was that they were forbidden to marry the Irish girls, under severe penalties. Another cause of discontent was the great increase of wolves and Tories. Wolves had become so numerous tha: the Governors of each district were directed to fix certain days for wolf-hunting, and a reward of 5 was offered for the head of every wolf brought to the local authority. Wolves had become so troublesome about Dublin that the Government, in 1653, gave Captain Edward Piers a lease of the lands of Dunboyne, valued at 543 8s. 8d. a year, on the condition of maintaining a pack of hounds for wolf-hunting, with "a knowing huntsman, two men, and one boy." He was bound to bring in a certain number of wolf-heads, as stipulated in his lease, for the next five years, under a penalty of 5 for every wolf's head short of the number. This, I think, is the first mention of a regular public pack of hounds in Ireland. In the first United Parliament, which met at Westminster in 1657, Captain Morgan, M.P. for the County Wicklow, complained of the heavy assessment the counties had to bear owing to the cost of hunting and paying for the capture of the three burdensome beasts, " the Tory, the Wolf, and the Priest," pnd prayed relief. (7) The Tories were the natives who refused to transplant and were outlawed, -4s a rule, they were led by some gentleman who had been despoiled of his estate. They kept up a constant guerrilla war against the new settlers. Large sums were given by the Government for the capture of the leaders, and 5 for the head of every Tory brought in to the local authorities. No doubt, the folldwing nursery rhyme is familiar to many :- l' Johnny Dory, what is your story? I went to the wood and shot a Tory. I went to the wood and shot another : Was it the same, or was it his brother? " I hunted him in, I hunted him out, Three times through the wood, and about and about, 'Till out of a hush I spied his head, So I levelled my gun and shot him dead." (7) Parliamentary Diary, 10th June, Although large sums were spent in Tory-hunting, the race did not become extinct until the middle of the eighteenth century. The baronies were heavily fined by a blood tax in this warfare. For every Cromwellian officer killed by the Tories, a fine of 100 was levied on the barony, and for every soldier or settler the sum of 20. The priests who had escaped hanging, or transportation to the West Indies, were interned in the Isles of Aran and Inishboffin, which were made penal settlements for the occasion. Each priest was allowed sixpence per day for his maintenance. A small body of Quakers settled in the city of Limerick in 16~2. They were looked on by the Cromwellians as a L'particularly dangerous people." Colonel Ingoldsby, the Governor, was directed by the Government to " secure divers persons commonly called Quakers, who were disturbing the congregations of sober Christians, and discouraging divers godly ministers of the Gospel, and thereby bringing into contempt the ordinances of God." After the restoration of Charles 11. the old proprietors entertained great hopes of getting back, at least, a portion of their ancient estates, which most of them had lost by joining the King's side against the Parliament. However, from the first they were doomed to disappointment. The Irish Parliament met on the 8th of May, It was composed of 260 members, principally representatives of the new Cromwellian burgesses, who now inhabited the towns. The counties had only 64 representatives in the House of Commons. Limerick County was represented by Sir William King, of Kilpeacon, and Robert Oliver of Clonodfoy ; Limerick City by Standish Hartstonge and Gerald Fitzgerald ; Kilmallock by John Bridges and Rrooke Bridges ; Askeaton by Richard Southwell and Peter Pett. The House of Lords was composed of 72 Protestant Peers, many of them of recent creation, and 24 Bishops, with only 21 Catholic Peers. The first act of this Parliament was to decree that no member would be qualified to sit and vote unless he had first taken the oaths of supremacy and conformity. This act got rid of the Catholic minority, and it is not surprising, therefore, that there was no redress for the ancient forfeiling proprietors. It was decreed that all Adventurers and soldiers in occupation of confiscated lands on the first day of January, 1660, were not to be disturbed.

10 In 1662 a Court of Claims was established to hear and decide the cases of certain " Innocent Papists.'' This Court had authority to sit for twelve months, but, as a matter of fact, they only sat from the month of February to the following August; and out of 4,000 claims listed for hearing they only gave decisions, mostly favourable, in 6,80 cases. The rest got no redress. \ The Acts of "Settlement and Restoration," which passed between 1661 and 1665, settled finally the land question of that period. Among those whose claims had not been settled up to'this were the " '49 officers," i.e., those officers who had served the King in Ireland previous to the 5th June, They were now br~ught in under the Acts of Settlement, and got grants of lands and houses in the towns, which had not previously been disposed of. This assignment was made through trustees specially appointed for the purpose. Captain John Croker, of Skule Castle, was one of the trustees appointed. The sum of 3,000 was due to him for arrears of pay. He bought Eallynagarde for this sum from Colonel Randal Clayton, who had got a grant of it for an arrear of 478. It was the property of Theobald Bourke. Among the Restorees of Charles II., under the Acts of Settlement, were the following " Innocent Papists " from the County Limerick :-Lord Castle. eonnell, Lord Brittas, Piers Lacy, of Bruff; Sir Edmund Fitzharris, of Clonodfoy, and Major Oliver Fitzharris ; John Fox, of Bulgaden ; Terence O'Bryan, of Pallasgrealr ; Dermot O'Sheahan, of Rathmore ; Colonel Pierce Walsh, of Abington ; John White, of Loughill; Robert Southwell, of Rathkeale ; an4 Thady Quin. Lord Castleconnell and Piers Lacy had shared the King's exile. Having made an accurate copy of the Book of Survey and Distribution for the County Limerick, I shali give in detail, at the end of this paper, the portion dealing with the South Liberties of Limerick, and can, from time to time, should circumstances permit, publish the survey and distribution of the escheated lands in this county, barony by barony. The North Liberties of Limerick are omitted from the Down Survey books, as Sir William Petty was determined this valuable tract should fall to his own lot. He very candidly tells the story (8) himself. Sir Jerome Sankey having brought the complaint of Captain Winkworth to (8) Larcom's l' Down Swvey." whom 1453 acres in the North Liberties of Limerick were allotted, before Parliament : " Why then, Mr. Speaker (said Sir Jerome), there's Captain Winkworth. Captain Winkworth came with an order for the Liberties of Limerick, but the Doctor said, 'Captain, will you sell? Will you sell? ' 'No,' said the Captain, 'it is the price of my blood.' 'I'hen said the Doctor, "Tis bravely said : why then, my noble Captain, the Liberties pf Limerick are meat for your master,' meaning the Lord Deputy." Petty had got the following order made in Dublin, 25th February, 1657, which assigns him the coveted lands. '' We assign to the aforksaid Dr. Wm. Petty and his heirs and assigns, the several lands hereafter mentioned, which lands contain in all 1453 acres one rood, lyeing in the North Liberties of the City of Limerick, and are in satisfaction of A653 19s. 3d., for certain service done since the 5th day of June, I 649.'' Sir William Petty married, in 1667, Elizabeth, dlughter of Sir Hardress Waller, of Castletown. He left two sons and one daughter. Both!Sons succeeded to the peerage of Shelbourne, conferred on Petty's widow, but, both dying without issue, his vast estates came, in due course, to the descendants of his only daughter, who had married the first Earl of Kerry, from whom the present Marquis of Lansdowne descends, and who now owns the North Liberties of Limerick, which his ancestor acquired in the manner stated above. This completes a very cursory sketch of the great revolution in the ownership of land in this county, 250 years ago. About two-thirds gf the county of Limerick changed hands in the two great revolutions I have sketched-the Desmond and the Cromwellian settlements. Before the "rising" of 1641 the Catholic gentry were owners of nearly ninetenths of the land in this country ; after the Cromwellian 'settlement they only retained about one-third of their ancient patrimony. It is, however, a mistake to assume that the farmers and peasantry suffered in like manner. The Cromwe:lian settlers, like their English predecessors, the " Undertakers," found it impossible to work their lands profitably without the assistance of the natives, consequently they very soon commenced to let their lands "farm-ways " to the Irish, and very often accepteci as tenants the old proprietors or their descendants. 'The Irish Government did their best to prevent the acquisition of land

11 ----p-----p I 8 by the old Irish, but without much success. On the accession of James 11. the land of the country was practically in the occupation~of the native Irish, but only as tillers of the soil. Lord Clarendon, was Lord Lieutenant in 1686, says that few of the Adventurers and soldiers then remained in the country. Many contemporary writers lament that the children of the settlers could only speak Gaelic, and bitterly complain that owing to daily association with the natives and intermarriage with Irish girls, " Old Noll's Ironsides " had degenerated into mere Irishmen, and here I part company with the Cromwellian settlers, undergoing the old proces of becoming "more Irish than the Irish themselves." THE CROMWELLIAN SETTLEMENT OF THE COUNTY OF LIMERICK. BY JAMES GRENE BARRY, D.L., M.R.S.A.I. PART THE SECOND. r Having given the history of the Down Survey in the First Part of the Cromwellian Settlement of the County Limerick, it only remains for me to give in detail, from " The Books of Survey and Distribution," the transfer of the escheated lands, townland by townland, and parish by parish, in each barony of the County. The total area of Ireland, exclusive of bogs and loughs, according to this survey, was 10,500,ooo acres, Irish Plantation Measure. Of this there were 1,500,ooo acres of mountain and coarse grazing, and about 1,500,000 waste and commons, leaving 7,500,ooo profitable or arable land. It was estimated that English settlers and Protestants held about 2,000,000 acres, and that the Glebe ar~d Church lands amounted to 300,000 acres, leaving the area of lands escheated at 5,200,000?cres, plantation measure. The Down Survey gives the total area of the County Limerick at 375,320 acres, I.P.M., of which amount about ~30,ooo were escheated. The following return of the baronies, surveyed under the supervision of Mr. Thomas Jackson, gives an example of how the lands were classified. l Baronies I P~ofitable South Liberties A. R. P. oflimerilk.. 11~342 I 29 Clanwilliam 17,30z 2 37 Small County 10,819 o 16 Kilmallock 1,915 I 21 Coshlea... q,o74 r ro Coshma.. 15,195 o o Unp~ofitahle. Idand / under I ober 1 Church Lands. / Total I.P.hI. - ~ - 5c0 Acres. 500 Acrei. A. R. P. A. R. P. 1, ,362 o o 942 o o , , Totals. / 85, , / l 5,002 O II I

12 DOWN SURVEY OF THE COUNTY LIMERICK. SOUTH LIBERTIES OF LIMERICIC. Thos. Arthur Pat. Harrold J. Oge White B. Rice J. Stritch Corporation Land Earl of Thomond Christopher Sexton Corporation Land... Bealincurrv... Farran~on&~h.. A Garden Corlcenree.. Farrangalla.. Courbraclc... Priors Land.. hlonegealagh &... Sir Ralph Wilson (I)..... Daniel Gowrman : ~ oseqnestereci t I -- - (1) Colonel Sir Ralph W~lson got large grants of lands in the Coun~y, including Bilboa, near Cappau~nre, Caherconlish, Koher, Ralhbane, and Tervoe, afterwards sold to the Monsells. The late Charles Monck Wllson, who sold Caherconlish in 1865, was the last of this family res~dlng in this County...l,,I Thomas Arthur Pat. Creagh Fitzstephen Richard Fanning.. Sir Nicholas Comyn.. Richard Gavin Sir David Bourke.. S Gardens... Daniel Bowman..., 7 Gardens I Gardec I Garden I Garden I Garden... DO.... Alderman T. Arthur... Reboge,,, Sir Wm King (3) Sir Nicholas Comyn... no.... :::l Sir Jeff Gallway... Park Callehoolane Thos. Arthur... Gortneskagh... John Vaughan...l I - I (3). Sir William King qot lands to the extent of 21,600 acres in this County. He fixed h~s residence at Kilpeacon, the ancient Demesne of Sir David Bourke, Bart. Leaving no issue, his estates descended to his grand nephews, Richard and Edward Villiers. 1Ie succeeded Sir Ralph Wilson as Mayor of Limerick, A.D John Fox-Fitzjames... Bailysheda.. Richard Waller... Alderman Thos Arthur Rathmisteele.. Qdward Weir Duke of York... Don~inicli Fanning... Rathbane... Sir Ralph Wilson Banelisheen....John Winkworth... DO.... Two Ardnevokes... Du.... Turf bog common to... adjacent lands Rathgrellane... Sir Iialph Wilson... Pierse Creagh Dominiclc Fanning... Sken Abbey...,.. Hart. Stacbpoole... Ranneree... DO.... Nicholas Bonrke Fitzwilliam... North Ralhurd... John Friend (2)... James Bourlie... ' DO... John Winkworth... Nicholas Power... Gorteenonelagh... Sir Ralph Wilson... Roberr Long Merchant Clownelong... Daniel Bov~n~an... DO.... Bog in cornm.~,n*,... Galvone... Spittle land... Not sequestered,... (2) Captain John Friend got also the iands of Bosliill and adjoining still in possession of his descendants..,. townlands, ST. LAURENCE PARISH. I OLD PROPRIETOR TOWNLAND I GRANTEE AREA,I. P. M. l Laurence White and Margaret Creagh... Gortacolliboe.. Daniel Bowerman James Rawley I Lisanalta no. :::I commons of DO. DonougH O'Brier.. 1 Derryknocka~le John Arthur, of L merick/ Ballynecloghy...l Do- M. Oge Stritch Annaghrosty -.l Bog in common.. Francis Gregory... I44 I o o... Wdliam Pope o o.. Richard Waller o o... Abraham Green o o. Francis Rolleston. 188 o o 63 o o

13 Sir Jeff Gallway Pierse Creagh Alderman P. Creagh no. Bishop's land Nicholas Bourke william Nicholas Naly,.. of reen Same and John Edward Bourke Sir Ralph Wilson... I<nockanenanty Bog in common.. Donaghmore... DO.... DO.... Mary Francis... Randal Clayton... Edward Warr John Friend... Sir R. Wilson... Wm. Yarwell... Dronibanny and Gortygarane... Gortrackly..,. Ballybrenanbeg., Ballybrenann~ore... Not sequestered Fitz- Kilprichaune and John Friend South Rathnrd... Commons to... adjacent lands Two- Coolihenane and Randal Clayton Kilpatrick Fitz- Garryglasse... Abraha~n Green.... / Duke of York... Inchmore.-. Not sequestered - l I (4) Colonel Randal Clayton got large grants of land in Clanwilliam, and bought Ballynagarde from Dr. Carteret (who had got a grant of it) far 478, in A.D He, subsequently, sold to Captain John Crokey. I,ord Castleconnell no. Nicholas McKeogh. Lord Brittas (5). Nicholas hly, of Tworeen Lord Brittas Lord Castleconnell. no. no. Garrino and Lisnagry Knockroe I3nllinguile Ballygowne.. Clonleese and Ballvvillane.. Carranisky als. Garraneightragl Cranishagh. Cleighduff Cas~leconnell and Stradbally Bog in cummon to An Island in the Shannon Upper Portcrushy Henry Abbott and 230 o o John Fletcher o o o o Richard Peirce...l Ilenry Abbott and 230 o o John Fletcher Edward Bray l 176 o o T'homas Walcott H. Abbott and [ohn Fletcher Rich. Pierce o o John Snow Duke of York Andrew Kane Sam'l Earnes DO (5) See, for account of Lord Brittas and Lord Castleconnell, "The Bourlres of Clanwllham," by J. G Barry, The journal ofthe Royal Hisfo~ica! and Association of Zf*eland, Vol. IX., Alderman Fanning Bishop's land Glebe,.. Shedfeaclde...' Abraham Green... Ardrnore... Duke of York Three commo~ls he- Not sequestered longing to the Corporation,..... Kilkelleen, no. Knocknan~ontill~, Garryglassy, Garrycragbeg and - Garrymoney... Singland Lord Brittas... Cleyduff' Thos. Walcott..... Hollow Blades Lord Castleconnell... Rahine... Samuel Wade... Carrow and Rahine Thos. Walcott Lord Brittas... Shaunavoy... Wm. Gilnbleston... DO.... Hollow Blades Same and John Clancy Ballyloskey... Thos. Walcott Rd. and Wm. Rich. and Hallynementragh... Ed. NcUlick ' 1 1 Richard Bourke. of Ballyvarry Ballyvarry Ballyvarry Wood nn l Bellynucklin,, carrowmartin 1:: DO,

14 Baron of Rrittas.. Callaghitroy, Hollow Blades o o als. CastleItroy Jordan Roche (6) and Newcastle, Lislean, , Ed. Rourlte and Ballyknock Waste land Jordan Bourke, of Lime-1 Ballyglassanne, I... rick Jordan Koche, aforesaid part of Newcastle Knockmnrry, part of Newcastle Etl. Bourke FitzRichard Belldsimon Duke of York. Towleton Uo... Derryland... Hollow Blades Thos.Arthur, of 1,imerick Drumrus Ed. and Jas. Bourke... Eallyneclogh... John Winckworth... Ruben Jacob..... Thos. Walcott Abraham Grwn [b. Robert child-.. Sir GeB Gallway :::l Bealavolin.!.. Mary Francis (6) Jordan Roche, of Newcastl~, was Mayor of Limerick in 1639, and was father of Dominic Roche, crested Baron Tarbert and Viscount Cahervally by Jarne l Bart. Rice.., Cloghenrory. Henry Bindon 182 o -0 Bog in common Lady Dowager Castle- Cloghenkeaton... David Bindon connell (7) Bog in common Islaneouran Patrick Vannts Alderman j. Creagh... Tiervououghtragh... Sir Ralph Wilson. Cahir Keilegeneragh John Creagh... Corbally... Patrick Vannts Lady Dowager Castle-... Samuel Eames cdnnell - Bishop's land... Ballymachasell... Not sequestered o o... Castle of Mongrett o 0... Knockanes Toordalourty and o 11 no...l Ballvkea ~ oin g common' Ballycomin o o.. Temple Rlongrett... Not sequestered I l I (7) Margaret, Lady Castleconnell, was wldow of Edmond, fifth Lord, who die: A.D She was daughter of Sir George Thornton, one of the "Undertakers of Elizabeth's time, and was first married to Donagh O'Brian of Carrigogunnell, who. had left her, as jointure land, the two Cratloes and Portdrine in Clare, and Cloghkeating and Corbally in Pubhlebrian In her transplanter's certificate, dated 19th December, 1653, she is described as "adged 70 years, middle statue, flaxen ha~r. Her substance 20 cows, 20 sheep, 10 mares and garrans, and two riding nags ; four sows, and six acres of winter corn, out of which she pays contribution," also, "27 servants and retainers." John and William Bourke Scartballyvallish. 1 John, William, and Carnarry Thomas Bourke, and M. Haly William Comin, of Coolreagh and Whitestown Carrigmartin Lord Brittas and Jordan Ballyloughane Roche.. ~obert Garner... Rob. Twigg... Wm. T. Power.. John Cripps Thos. Power Sir Wm. King Rob. Twigg...I Wm. Yarwell Jordan Roche... Brownstown 38 o o Lord Brittas and Jordan Ballyogartine... Robert Twigg o o Roche Thomas Power, of Park Park, Drornbanny, 1 Standish Hartstonge (8) 371 o o and Rallymackin DO.... Cnocklarmore no. :::l 4 (8) Standish Hartstonge, of Bruff, creatcd a Baronet in 1681, was son of Francis Hartstonge, who married the eldest of the three daughters of Sir Thomas Standish, who had a grant of the extensive estate of Lacy of Bruff. The first Earl of Limerick mariied Miss Ormsby, niece of Sir Henry IIa~tstonge, the la5t Barnliet, and succeeded to his estates, on his death without issue. l I l I I a. S. p. Jordan Roche, of Limk. Liccadoone. Thomas, Bishop of Lm~erick Ihvid Itoche Cah~rvally... Hollow Blade? Bog in common.. 70 o o Protestant land... Baliynabraher... Not sequestered (Frinrstown) (To Be corziinued.)

15 THE CROMWELLIAN SETTLEMENT OF THE COUNTY OF LIMERICK. BY JAhlES GRENE RAI<RY, I>.L., M.R.S.A.I. - PART THE THIRD. PUBBLEBRIAN BAROEY. (I) Lady Southwell... Monaster and Not sequestered... Baliymacstradeen Alderman F. Fanning and Garranamanach... Arthur Ingram and John his assignees, and Der- Newenham...?not Clancey, LP. (2) Earl of Bath (3).. Cahirduff... Not sequestered... Ed. Bourlte... Laclcnegrenane... I-Iollow Blades... Torlagh O'Brien and Knocltnegraney and Sir A. Ingram and John Morough O'Brien... Garranebeg... Newenham Ballymartin.. Thos. Blackall, Sir A Ingram and Wm. Webb Earl of Thomond... Kilcurley... Not sequestered... (I) Pubbhbrian Baitmy. A sept of Norsemen settled along the Maigue river in the 9th century. The district between the mouth of the Maigue and Limerick was called after them CaoiZle-$2~-Chos?zanzhagh, and sometimes Easa<yh Luinzinegh, the Wilderness of Limerick. The present harony was known as Eschluona, previous to the 14th century. In A.D it was the manor of William de Burgho, Governor of Limerick, whose wife was Eva, daughter of Donald Mor O'Brien, King of Limerick. Donogh Cairbreach O'Brien got a grant from King Tohn, A.D. 1211, of the Lordship of Carrig-o-gnnnell at the yearly rent of sixty marks. 'The barony took its present name from Brian duff O'Brien, third son of Conor O'Brien, Thanist of Thomond, who lived at Carrig-o-gunnel1 in the 14th century. (2) " I.P." after the name of an old Proprietor meant that he claimed as an " Innocent Papist." (3) This was John Boorchier, fifth Earl of Bath, who died without issue in 1654, leaving the Lough Gur estates to his widow, Rachael, daughter of the Earl of Westmoreland. This estate was granted to his father, General Sir George Eourchier, in aw a 00. LIMITED, LIMERICK.

16 KILLONAGHANE PARISH. Margaret Brian Als. Charabudd.. Sir A. Ingram and John Stephenson, I.P. (4).. Newenhanl... a, r. p. 134 o o Same and ye relict of Ger- Mackirireagh... Lucas Taafe I 18 ald Fitzthornas Gerald, Knockdrumassell E-Iollow Blades o o I.P.... (now Torvhill)...., Bog... I2 *Q 0 Mich. FOX, of Limerick Knockdromassell.. Sir A. Ingram and John 1x Newenham Turf Bog belonging to adjacent lands A Lough besides '9 I 8 same... Ladsincontroversy Col. Carey Dillon... g 3 24 ~- (4) Margaret O'Brien was daughter of Iiichard Stephenson, of Dunmoylan, who was killed in 1642, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir Brian duff O'IIrien, of Carrig-o-gunnel], who died in Brian duff had got a re-grant of Carrig-o.g~~nnell and the Lordship of Pubblebrien from Elizabeth. His only son, Donogh, died without issue in 1632, and was succeeded at Carrig-o-gunnel1 by a third cousin, Donogh, of Downe, who married the above Margaret who had been left considerable estates in Pubblehrien by her uncle and mother. Both her own and her husband's large estates were now forfeited. OLD PROPRIETOR TOWNLAND GRANTEE AREA,I.P.M. l Morogh O'Brien, of I Billonaghanmore... Thos. Blackall.../ Gransy... Margaret Erian... Killonaghanheg R. Sweet 26 o o John Parker Margartt Lady Dowager Rallinvinoge... J. Elackdll Castleconneli no " Margaret Brian. Als. ':I SGphenson... Cahirnatanaha no. l l (6) In a foot-note to an article on Manister Abbey, by T. Johnson Westropp, in vol. xiu of the Royal Historical and Atch~ological Society Journals, he states that Attyflyn was granted to Tames, Duke of York, in 1660, and was purchased in 1703 by Montifort Westropp, of Kilkerin, Co. Clare, for 760. Sil Morice Hurley, Kildrlff, LP. Francis Barkly (5), Dronlloghan no. Bog belonging same < f i... to Sir A. Ingram and John I Newenhain Sir A. Ingram and John 75 o o Newenham... Thps. Blackall o o Hollow Blades (5) Francis Barkly or Berkeley was descended from the "Undertaker," Sir Francis Berkeley, who got large grants around Askeaton after the Desmond confiscations. KILPEACON PARISH. OLD PROPRIETOR TOWNLAND GRANTEE Margaret Brian i AREA,I.P.M. l... Ballyshane.. Geo. Peacock...l 57 o o Margaret O'Brien, Als. Ballivilis Stephenson, LP.... Sir David Bourke... Shanaclogh Margaret Brian Earl of Thomond... Bearnanaguishy.., Ball~nviella Commons Bog in Commons Davirt Rourke, of Kilpea- Lackavauntan..( Richard Sweet Not sequestered... Col. C. Uillon......?L Sweet con... Sir Morice Hurley.. Ballinrosty... Shrubs in same... Margaret Brian, aforesaid Ballynamurragh (7) Teige Brian, Graige... Graige... Mary Sweet... Field of Graige... Geo. Peacock... Downeen... J. Blackall no R. Sweet Nicholas Stritch,of Lime- Lower Downeen... Geo, Peacock rick Margaret Brian (7) Bsllynamurragh has been anglicised into '' Ballymc~rphy."

17 Francis Barkley, LP,. Earl of Thomond, Earl of Bath Margaret Brian, ills. Stephenson Ballycahane... Geo. Peacoclte Sir A. Ingram and John Newenham... Kildonnell... Wm. M'el~h... Marta and Mary Towler DO.... Sir A. Ingram and John Newenham... Bog llelonging to Col. C. Dillon same... Boherowen.. Not sequestered... Hallyregau Skeaghanamore... Geo. Peacocke... Skeaghanabeg Gortfluchenny and... Leachnageroge... Comnlons of Bally- Sir Dawd Bourke.. I<noclil~eehyglishy Geo Peacock I Margaret Bourlte... Ilevane Wett Hog in Corn-! Donagh O'Bryan, Rsq Wm Casey, I.P. Anne Casey... Cluonnnaheg... Wm. Barker I o... Lisduffe Clunana... I-Iollow Blades and 54 I 3 Lucius Tanffe Wm. Barker L,antls in common to 73 '0 16 \Villiam and Anne Lisnemore... DO Dermot O'Bryan, of Rnocknagransy Wm. Casey...l Lady Dowager connell ~1o~Gatam~le IHalf claimed by Anne Gortamell and Bou- Casey... gagh... DO. Donogh O'Bryan,I. P., of Carrigogonill Margaret Brian James Haly, of Limerick Margaret Brian Pat Kearney Margaret - Brian Cornelius McDermody,of Killtarnplan ; Willian Roche, of Limerick William Casey, Cloun anner; O'Brian and Dermo Bryan McMurtagh.. John Faning, I.P., of Limerick Daniel McMahon.. no. Wm. Stritch, of Limericl John Purcell Donogh O'Bryan, of Car rigogonill, Margaret Brian Earl of Bath Margaret Brian Margaret Dowager Lad Castleconnell William Roche, I.P., o Limerick Margaret Brian and Lad Dowager Castleconne Ballyanrahanbeg...l Sir S. Barnardiston Kilcolman... Wm. Barker Lands in common to adjacent lands. Rrosliamore. Geo. Evans Liscoulta... Wm. Barker Cloghateacka... DO. south... Glasclohe.. Killtarnple... DO. Lands in common to/ do.... Coteacka... Garranyweelanbeg Geo. Evans Killincally Bog of same Wm White Graigebeg... Wm. Barker Faha... Sir S. Barnadiston... Wm. Osborne Ballianraghanmore Sir S. Barnadiston Col. Carey Dillon Thoq. Blackall kollow Blades... John Parker Broskeagh... Wm. Osborne Lands in common to same... Geo. Evans Broskeaghbeg Ballinvologe... Not sequestered Kilboy and Gort- skeaghmore... Clarinney and Knockbrinney... Commons to adjacent lands Rahinnie Ballycurry Wm. White...I John Parker... Geo. Evms... Wm. Osborne... Thos. Page Garranmucky Farranamalloran... Lucius Taaffe Farranmacadam... John Parker

18 I Margaret Brian and Lady Eallybrownmore... Col. C. Dillon Dowager Castleconnell Wm. White Geo. Evans... I Oliverus Bourke.. Leackarowley... Wm, Barker Ballinveene z 24 MahonMcTeigue Macma- Downe... Wm. White... 6 o 32 hon, I.P. Margaret Brian Geo. Creagh, of I. P. Bog of do... Leackeanamore... Limerick Insidromard, Bally-... fadny Cahirmore and Ballybeg..,.. Creaghmontane, Corkabyney, part of Insidromard, X of Carrowbinne belonging to Bros- / keaghmore...l Nicholas Stritch... Cregane, FarrananoGney,'~ulnegore, ( Knockebracka.. Gortanmurrogh Wm. Roche, of Limerick Meelick and Ballyhagh John Comyne Fitzedmund Donogh O'Bryan, of Carrigogonnell Knockleleagh, Knockcurrane, Mockinis, and of Ballynoe... Cahernakillie, being two parts of Qr,l Bog belonging to ye Tiervowe... Wm Barker no. Michael Boyle, bishop of Dublin i p adjacent lands... Earl of Bath. Leaghensy... Not sequestered Rfargaret Brian... Carricketan... J. P?rker... Rathclachan, Lick- Luclus Taaffe monoge Lady Bourke..,I Goule a d Carrigk;J ~ osequestered t...! (8) Michael Boyle, Archbishop of Dublin, got a lease for 60 years of the four ploughlands of Carrig-o-gunnel1 and Ballynoe (Newtourn), dated 7th March, 1662, and by a Patent dated 28th June, 1666, got a grant of these lands at a crown rent of a year. In 1692 Dr. Boyle gave a lease for lives, renewable for ever, of these lands to Thomas Monsell, who was High Sheriff of the County of Limerick in 1697, and is direct ancestor of the Monsells (Lord Emly), of Tervoe. MONGRETT PARISH OLD PROPRIETOR TOWNLAND GRANTEE AREA, I. P. M. Wm. Roche, of Limerick Bearnacoyle, half Sir Samuel Barnardiston ploughland...

19 THE CROMWELLIAN SETTLEMENT OF THE COUNTY OF LIMERICK. BY JAMES GRENE BARKY, [).L., M.R.S.A.I. PART THE FOURTH. Baron Castleconnell (2) l Castleconnell... Andrew Ralu Stradbally... Richard I'rirce John Snow Glebe.. Duke of York o o Islands in the Shan- Samuel Eamrs non Upper Portcrushy Earl of Inchiquin o o o o Lower Portcrushy o o o o Boherquill... IIumphrey Hartwell o o l I'arke... no Bog in Common.. Lord Hartwell Inchiquin and H (I) Originally Aoslrimaiphe the territory of the clan O'Chouazize (O'Gunninqs). 'lleir chief seat was Castleconnell (Caislean m' Choizaine). They were dispossessed by the O'Briens of Thomond, who in turn had to give place to the Bourkes. William de Burgh got a grant of Castleconnell and a large part of Clanwilliam from Icing John. This barony and the barony of Clanwilliam in Tipperary, known as West and East Clanwilliam, got their names from William FitzAdelan de Burgh, who lived at Xthassel and founded the Augustinian Abbey there, A.D (2) This was William, sixth Lord Castleconnell. He joined the Confederate Catholics in 1642 and sat in the General Ascembly in Kilkenny. IIe raised and commanded a regiment of horse against the Parliament, and when his estates were cotitiscated he joined King Charles in his exile, and serxed in the Ihke of York's srgiment. On the restoration his attainder was reversed and his eatates were restored in part. His grandson, the eighth Lord, cast in his lot with lames 11, was attainted, anrl lost all his estates. He died without issue in France, 169:.

20 OLD PROPRIETOR Lord Caqtleconnell... Ballygoymore... William Icing 316 o o Richa~d Bourke, of Ball>- Madeimoy varry Codebane I 0 Walter Bourke and Ikvid Cloonelteene... Ralph IVilson......I Barry Conor Clancy, Richard Bourke, and Donogh Samuel Mollineux... Conor Katherine Bourke and In Williamstown... Wm Mathews...l o o o o Dr. Arthur Bog in same I54 I o... John Cooke.. I Hollow Blades Lord Brittas (3)... Rrittas... Joseph Stepmy (4)... Gurteenskagh... I John Coolte Gurteenagheely... John Cooke and Lord 2 o 2 1 Brittas l., I (3) Theobald T~ourbe, grandson of the first Lord Castleconnell, was created Baron Brittas in In 1642 he joined the Confederate Catho!ics, and, in due course, had his estates confiscated, and was transplanted into Connaught. '' We, the said Commissioners, hereby certify that Theobald Eourke, Lord Baron of Brittas, in the County of Limerick, hath, upon the 19th day of November, 1653, delivered unto us in writing the names of himself and such other persons as are to remove with him, etc. The said Theobald Lord Brittas, aged 75 years, red-gray hair, slender face. The Lady Margaret (his wife), gray hair, slender face. Margaret and Mary (grand. daughters), daughters of Sir John Bourke, etc., etc." Lord Brittas died in 1654 and was succeeded by his son, Sir John Bourke, whose son, Theobald, third Lord Brittas, threw in his lot with James 11, and was attainted. (4) Joseph Stepney, of Abington, was High Sheriff of the County Limerick in He built a mansion house there out of the materials of the rnined Cistercian Abbey. His son, Thomas, of Kilmarnock, Co. Dublin, had of the castle and lands of Brittas enrolled-at a Crown rent of 2 16s. ~ogd.-july, 6th, Lord Brittas Lord Brittas, Charles ar Simon Clancy Richard Wolfe, of Lim riclt,and Conor Clanc of Ballybricken Edward Bourke Walter Bourke, of Castl erkin Laurence White, of Lim rick Daniel Creagh Williaul Bourke, of Caherconlish, and Conor Clancy, of Ballybricken William Bourke Lord Cahir... James Collins Killinure... George Evans... Lord Brittas... Colonel Dillon Knqckeagh... John Friend Edwatd Willis Knockatanacashlan Lady Brittas John Friend Carrickerrily... Downeenana... Lord Brittas Templen~ichael... Lady Brittas lohn Friend Ballyart... Hollow Blades Claynoe... A Irigram no. Lord Krittas Grennnoatragh and A. lnqram Grenanitragh A Common... Bog ~n common... Garr:iniskey... John Mansell Thomas Mausell Boskill... John Friend Farranferin... Castlcerkin... Ulissu.; Burgh (5) Garryclash Synode... Danirl Al~bott... John Vrienci Williaim I<itrg Cloghmocll... Yishop of Ferns 120u~hlin Bog common to do RI och Hollow Blades I<nockbally Adam 4. Ingram Uallyvorneen... Ih. Lombardstown... Caherconlish... F.allih TVilson Glebe... Bog common to adjoining lands (5) William Bourke, of Dromkeen, married, before 1640, a daughter of McKeogh, of Rivers, whose sisters were married to, respect~rely, Bourke of Ballynagarde, and Bourke of Kishyquirke. The Bourkes of Dromkctn were known as '' Slogh Meyler," and were descended from Eclward hlcwilliam Ouqlltrr. john Bourke, who died in 1440, got Dromkeen and one-third of Clanwillism from the Rourkes of Castleconnell in exchange for his wife's dowrey in Coshmagh, she was an O'Brien of Thomond. Kichard Bourke, of Dromkern, conformed in the tune of Charles I, took Orders, and changed the family name to Bnrgh. His son, Ulick (improperly anglicised Ulisses), was Rector of Grean and Dean of Emly. He gave \eiy material asiistance to William 111 during his siege of Limerick, and was made by him, in 1692, Bishop of Ardagh. His tomb is in Dromkeen ruined church.

21 OLD PROPRIETOR William Bourke, of Knocksentry William Bourke Theobald, William, an Jeff. McRichard (Bourke William Ryan, of Clone buck, and Michae Stritch Richard Bourke Richard Bourke and William Bourke, of Caherconlish, and Ulick Rourke, of Dublin Ulick Bourke... I Knocksentry... William Pope Carrigbeg... Samuel Mollineux... Andrew Ram Coolinetroiney.. Samuel Mollineux Curragh-elteen... Bog in common to Boherquill Cnockanbane... Humphrey Hartwell Richard Peirce OLD PROPRIETOR William Bourke, of Caherconlish Richard Wolfe Duke of York and Killinegariff Edward Waller... Samuel Mollineux OLD PROPRIETOR TOWNLAND GRANTEE AREA,I. P.M. a. r.p. Dromkeen... Ulick Bourke. 2m o o Gortamonty... Not sequc3tered.., Hog...I Col. C Dillon.. l William Bourke, of Bally. brood Conor Clancy Conor Clancy and Wil liam and Richard Bourke Bishop of Emly Caherconriffy... John Mansell..l Gortfluogh...I Cooleenshamroge Ballgphilip Lord Kingstone ~ oin g common :: / ' Bally lxood l)(>. Bog rn common Keileagh Caherleyne Ballyolin Tontire Bog in common Dunvulleri Bog of do l...l John Mansell... A. Ingram... A. Ingram... Willinm hlalhews Mansell.. 'William Mathews... B. Powell Not sequestered... Drombane '. John hlansell 151 o o Ulick Bourke Earl bf Thomond... '3 I Corliss (part of) 7... Not sequestered Daniel Heyne... Caherelly East... Sir William Icing o jg An Islanil adjoining o 0 Teige IIeyne... Caherelly West and o o Island l Gortkilleen of Sir George Ingoldshy (6) 4 o 4 Caherelly Ellen Rawley, als. Lacy, Richard Wolfe, of Lime- Corbally and rick, William Bourke Caheroe Conor Clancy Ulick and Richard Bourke Bracklone and Rathkopp Fellory Same William and Richard Bourke Earl of Thomond...l Killeenavara John Mansell William Mathews I Richard Bourke. Not sequestered John Mansell Thomas Mansell., Richard Bourke.. Not sequestered Not sequestered.. relict of Richard Rawley 4~4 z 16 Sir William King I l (6) bir George Ingoldsoy, Bni., was a colonel in the Cromwellian alniy, and wa, fifth son of General Sir Richard Ingoldsby, Bart., whose mother was Oliver Crouiwell's aunt. His brother, General Sir Henry Ingoldsby, was Military Governor of L~mtrick, and married Anne, daughter of Sir Hardress Waller, of Castletown. Sir Henry got large grants of lands in Limerick, Clare, and Tipperary This branch became extinct in 1726 Sir George Ingoldsby married the daughter and heiress of James Goold, of Ludden Castle. He was h1 P. for I~uierick City in 1658, and Mayor in His son, General Richard Ingoldsby, of Ballybricken Court, was M.P. for Idmerick from I703 to his death in r 713, and his son, Colonel Henry Ingoldsby, was M.P. from 1723 to 1731, when he died, leaving a daughter, who married, in 1743, F&~~ohn Massy, of Duntryleague. Their grandson, Wugh Inpoldshy Massy, dying without issue, these large estates were sold by his heir,

22 ABBEYOWNEY PARISH (now Abington). William Bourke... Galbooly.. Iiichard Powell Conor Clancy and Lord Rathjordan... William Mathews Brittas William Bourke, of Kil- Lismullane... Sir R. Wilson '6 lownan... Ed. Willis o o John Bourke... Kishyquirke.. Hollow Blades Bog Cloghnadromin... Sir R. Wilson o o Lord Brittas Ca~tain Purdon o o Sir W. King %allyguy I I 230 o o 90 o o Lord Brittas Cormack 0'1-Ieyne Daniel Heyne... Insenlaurence Grer~anbeg Ballyhrnan Ballynebuolly... Caheruebeg... Eallyboodan Graige... iohn X7aughan I-Iollow Blades Sir G. Ingoldsby Sir W. King \\alter Bourke... Luddenbeg...,Sir Geo. Ingoldsl~y Gurteeniteen..., Garrar~lianbuoy... John Rourke... Gortneskelin., David Bourke lleeskavally... Gortbally... Gortvoher... Glenetrim... Garden plot... John Bourke, of Caher- Gortnaskein.. narry I Gortnecuttoehy... I Gortansleavoik John Creagh, Ed. Bourke, Kilcullen Richard Bourke, Lau- Sir Thomas Southwell.. rence White Dominick Roche, of Ballymacreese and Duke of York Limerick Labbanamucky (afterwards Abraham Laurence Comyn Protestants (now ballyneety) Thomas R dce, ofbdly-/ In Rochestown..I Laurence Clayton...l 78 o o loghla i Michael Bourke, of 1 DO.. Rochestown Lord Brittas.. Willialnstown Catherine Bourke, widow Rochestown... John Mansell o 0 of Dr. Thos. Arthur (7)... Wm. Mathews Glebe... I 1 0 l (7) Dr. Arthur's family were granted by Charles I1 a portion of their old estate, viz. : Dymphna Arthur, widow ; John Nugent and Dymphna, his wife ; Edmund Walsh and Christina, his wife ; Daniel Arthur, Nicholas Cornyn, and Christina, his wife, heirs of Thomas Arthur, Esquire, M.D., deceased, stone house in Mungret Street, Limerick, and several!gardens; a quarter of a ploughland in Williamstown and ye middle storey of the castle thereof, and two-storey houses at each end thereof, 40 acres in the three-fourth of ploughland, and a one-third part of half ploughland with ye bawne in Rochestown, 36 acres, total 123 acres and 17 perches statute. Total rent, 1 3s. o~d., Barony Clanwilliam, County of Limerick. Enrolled, 15th October, 1684." OLD PROPRIETOR Thomas Uourke, of Uallyloghlan Theobald Bourke, of Ballynegarde Do Dominick Roche, of Limerick I Ballyloghlan...l Lourence Clayton.. Ballynegarde Waste... Lismullanebeg Boherlode and Ballynevrana../ DO. Thomas Bishop, of " ' 1 Litwrick l

23 SMALL COUKTY. (8) Sir Maurice Hurley of Kilduff (g) William Fitton of Aney,V,, l (8) This Barony includcd the ancient territory of the O'Cia~nzhaic (O'Kerwick, anglicised Kirby) of dine Cliarh, who were su!jject to, and paid tribute to the kings of Cashel. The earls of Desmond acquirell this district at a con~paratively early date, and made it almoa: an independent county, aud thus it came to he talled the " Small County" of Limerick. (9) The O'Hurleys possessed consiilcrable landed property in the east of Limerick county for several centuries. Maurice IIurley of Knucklong and Killduffe, who died in 1637, according to an inquisition taken early in the reign of James I, held Knocklong, Hamnionstown, Longstone, etc., in free socage from Gibbon Fitzgibbon, Macatal~ Kin'dery; also Ballyacadane and Rathellan. From the White Knight he held the townland of Glanlarlir Kilduff Castle near Pallasgrean and other denominations of land he held by patent from the king. Manrice was succeeded by his eldest son, Thomas, whose son, Sir Maurice, now lost for evt:r the family estate. (10) Wiliiam Fitton of Aney was grandson of one of the undertakers of that name (see Journ 11, No. I, p. 11). Sir Edward Fitton had a grant of 12,ooo acres, and his nephews, Richard and Alexander, 3,000 acres of the Desmond estates. Sir Edward hcld Glenogra Castle and lands, on lease from Sir George Bourchier of Lough Gur, and was high sheriff of the county in We tind, now after a lapse of little, more than fifty years, these lands ag.in confiscatd and granted to the Cromwellian adventurers. l -----p- l Sir M. Hurley Bishop of Emly Bishop's land 510 o o I I Sir M. Hurley... Kilfrush.. John Bullenbreffle I 29 Ballycarowney.. Thos. Inburgh o... Sir Wm. King o o Uo... -~rthur Cooper o o Waste Thady Grady of keleen Kil. James Grady of Any, 1.P. (12) William Fitton and Anabella Browne Maurice Baggott.. John Baggott, T.P. (13) Michael Haly of Tooreel Edmond Fox of Bally gallagh John Haly of Limerick.. Two parcells of Bur- T. C. D. gess land in Any Curkenkeele... Richard Coote (I I) Two parcells in Ballyda Gortycornelca... Farrangoosey Farrancaslan Hill of Any, part of T. C. D. Sceoard... R. Coote c ;ortndine... no. Clashrnol e Gortynskagh... Gardens in Any... T. C. D. Burgess land in Any R. Coote Farranbally Mortgage or Mor- T. C. D. gany Gardens in Any Cleyneshanagh Knockaphaclee Gortnecaragh, Coology, and Rathenrard K. Coote Burgess land in Any T. C. D parcels Baggottstown... Ben. Eurton )o.... 1)o Elton and Brittas... Richard Coote / Earl of Inchiquin. 198 o 0, (11) Richard Coote was grandson of General Sir Charles Coote (the elder), and brother to General Sir Charles Coote (the younger), who was created Earl of Mountrath on the Restoration. Richard was created Baron Coote of Colooney, by patent dated September 6th, 1660, and received large grants of land in the east of the county of Limerick. His son was created earl of Eellamont, by William 111, for his services. The Cootes of Ash Hill, Kilmallock, and Mount Coote, are descended from his younger brother, Chidley Coote, a 1ieut.-colonel in Cromwell's army. (12) Donogh O'Grady of Kilballyowen got the title to his estate confirmed by James I. He died in 1653, leaving by his wife-a daughter of Sir Thomas Brown of Camas-a son, Darby of Kilballyowen, who married Faith, daughter of Sir Thomas Standish, who had got a grant of the de Lacy estate about Bruff. By this connection O'Grady preserved his estate at Kilballyowen ; although other members of the family had theirs confiscated. Darby O'Grady's sister was married to Gibbon Fitzgibbon, Macatan Kiddery, of Eallynahinche, who now lost his estates. Their grandson, Maurice Fitzgibbon, a captain in the army of James 11, was killed in a duel by his. cousin, Darby Grady, the founder of the Elton family, A.D (13) Colonel John Baggot of Baggotstown was a member of the General Assembly of Confederated Catholics, and held a high position in the Irish Army. He was in the city of Limerick during Ireton's siege in 165i Both he and his son Maurice now had their estates confiscated.

24 Mahon McTeige Grady Killmacdonaghduff. Rob. Morgan Darby Grady of Hall~n- Ragamusbeg and... Geo. Perceval scooley Kilkellane Ballyvaney X part of Kiii-( ballyowen Waste OLD PROPRIETOR TOWNLAND GRANTEE AREA,I.P.M. 1 of Limerick Ellen and Wm. Stritch Cahergillamore... Rob. Morgan... Iog o o... Anthony Raymond Parcells of Glebe. I5 I o Bishop's land... Tullybracky o o Glebe... Claghane a.. r. p. Derby Grady and Edd Gormmstown. Rob. hlargan 268 o 10 Fox... Richard Coote 118 o 14 Adamslown... OLD PROPRIETOR TOWNLAND GRANTEE AREA+ P.M. Sir David Bourke, I.P(I~ Kilpeacon & Inch- Sir Wm. King 606 o o morrismore 14) 1.P.-Innocent Papist. OLD PKOPKIETOR TOWNLAND Ed. Fox Jas. Vertlon... Ballygilden arid Garrysnllivane ' Rob. Morgan. l 786 o o Lord Kingston Ed., Margaret and Ellen Kawley (15) Ballingooley 864 o o Theobaid Bourke, I.P.... John Lysaght of Adare. Scule...I Grurge Irgoldsby Uo Commons of Scule and Ballyloghlane Another parcell of Uo. same (15) I find James Rawley a freeholder on the estate of Mr. Edward Fitton in a return dated 1592, and in 1598 he was tenant of Lough Gur castle and adjacent lands to Sir George Bourchier. This James Rawley, or Raleigh, was said to be uncle to Sir Walter Raleigh. He built a spacious castellated mansion close to the river Camogue, in the parish of Cahercorney, adjoining Lough Gur, on the townland still retainin9 his name-kawleystown. Ellen Rawley, widow of Kichard of Rawleystown, was a daughter of Lacy of Bruff; she and her children, Edward and Margaret, held conciderable landed property in this and the adjoining parishes, all now confiscated. Near relatives, Richard and Ednlond Raleigh of Ballynamona Castle, also lost their estates, ~Vhich adjoined those of O'Grady of Kilballyowen, with whom Edmond had a dispute, and in a duel with swords cut off O'Grady's arm. This was Thomas, eldest son of Darby O'Grady of Kilballyowen. Among those transplanted gentry from the county Limerick are to be found the names of Edmond Rawley of Rawleystown, and Edmond and Richard Rawley uf Ballynamona. Walter Rawley was not an uncommon name in this district up to a recent date.

25

26 --P --P RER, 1.P M. --- hfahowneoge Bryan... Same Cormach Ryan, I.P... Mungfund. Lord Kingston.Moylegau Earl of Orrery J. Stepney, Conor O'Connor... Portcard Iinockanerry.. Colonel fhllon McCorrnack Bryan and Clasaghinrescagh.. I-Ieathy Mountain... I)o. Phi1 Iiyan Mountain Ballavorheen.. Cormack Ryan... Moogher and Gort- Robert Wilkinson Ed. Waish, junr... Dromsallagh.. Earl of Orrery anakitty McDermot and Mullagh- Bog in aforesaid.. Col. Peirce Walsh, 1.P Carranbane... Edward Walsh lin McMurrogb, I.P. Unprofitable hog i~ Dermot 1Zyan and Conol Mt. of same... DO. common O'Dwyer Corniaclc Mulrian... Garrageen and 110. Andrew Ram Monamucky Peirce and Edward Walsh, junr. Jamcs Ryan and Rorg Kyan McTeige Teige htcowrley Crynn, T n 1.1. Conor McTeige... McOwney Ryan I'ei~ ce Waish... Peirce Walsh... Pat Walsh... Peilc~ Waish... Crown I,antls, held by Col. Peircc \\'alsh -- --P-- Robert Williinson Annagh and Cnock- Earl of Orrery owtymoveen Mountain... Bog in same... Shruhbs in same. Clonlloughlin Gortenane... 3onesimell... Part of Rossanyheg Buckane... George Evans :orrantiri.ergan rublrergarrlff.. Earl of Orrery... Lord Kington [<nocltmagurtina... John Stepney S Edward Walsh rurf bog of same.. - Farnane lrornoylett Graige ;hruhbs... laghe.., Woody bog... jog in Cornnlon... ;carlvarryoqe R1 :ornn:on of snme.....l John Stepney and Walsh Earl of Orrery Samuel Bul.ton Lo~d Kingston Andrew lisnl 'I'UOGE-I PARISH. OLD PROPRIETOR TO~VKIAN 1) GRANTEE AREA, I.P.M., A. r. p. Teigc O'Brien, of Togh g, i l l ~ r a. Earl of Orrery Drumalty, Gortiq Cornclius Clancy.,. ' T;tw;$h and Toin- Unprofitable land Mahown McKennedy 1 A mountain.. Shrubby Same wood.. Cormack and uprot'itable Rvan Teige O'Brian... 1 land Thornas fic~crmot Cormack Part of same Kyan and 'Teige McDerrnot, I.P. Patrick Purcell, LT'., (2 of Ballincarigey More Pnrcell, als. Mchlahon, relict of Richd. I'urcell, of Croagh Earl of Orrery no. *KENKY BARONY. ARDCANNY PARISH. Rallinecarigey and Phineas Gury Farrant Uryen (Rocky and good pasture) Croagh, Cohenny and hrdglahane il IGlldimo Colnmon to thre~ adjacenl towns "Caezraiphe Lrelonged to the Ni C'aiaiubrz Aobhdl~a of whom the O'Donovans were chiefs possessing the lands along the Maigue from the Shannon to Croom and B~uree. (2) The Purcells of Croagh and Ballyculhane, etc., held considerable estates in this Barony. General Purcell was executed after \he surrender of Limerick to Ireton, in Phineas Bury, who now got a grant of their estates, was ancestor of the Earls of Charleville.

27 Uavid Fitzgerald and Katherine Fitzgerald. of Ballygarren Rich. Fitzgerald, of Fananranlie Wm. Shane Fitzgerald ( Ballinecurry Thos. McGarret, of Fryennaghnagh Ness Fiizcerald, relict o Garretoge, of Pallice, I. P. James Fitzgerald, of Pallice Pat Purcell, of Ballinecarrigc Tlrot. I<ichard Purcell, of Urornanahrock Pat Purceli Ed. Purcell John Fitzgerald James and Edward McShane, I. P. Ed. I'itzgerald C+arratoge Fitzgerald, I. P. Morish Fitzgerald, of Mullans Sheely, relict of Peirce Butler, of Crcagh Ballengarren I Lisn~ackme ::l Farrenrmnie... Ballinecurry... 1 Pallice.../ Knocketerstown... Liihaneshallan... I'hineas Bury Sillasuragh Middle John Bury Marsh... Lord Kingston North I<illa~uragh Phineas Bury... Marsh Eommons 8... Duke of York... Lord Kingston Mullans... Phineas Bury!...l Ryneuioylane and l Bonegallven Itocky pastures and marshy land) ARE*, S.P.M. Major-General Pierce Eallycallanc... Sir Samuel Barnadistor] o Purcell, Decd. )I / Faha in diflerence... l I o Joane Fitzgerald. relict Part of Killdimo... Phineas Bury III o o of Thos. Fitzgerald, 1 DC.. :::l 43 z o of Bolane Part Wood o Gerald Fitzjarues Gerald and Geraltl Fiiztheobald, G e r a l d, anc Court... Gerald Fitzjaines, o Court, I.P. :oh11 I-Ially, late of Linie rick, Esq., I. l'. Gerald McMorish Gerald, I.P., of Ballyogassy John Filztibbot Gerald. and Gerrott McTiL, hott, of Court, I. L'. I'hil Fitzgerald, Willialr Gerald, Thos. McAlex snder, John McThos Gerald Wm. Fitzgerald, ol Heolaiie Rich. and John Fitzgeralc Ed. I'urcell, of Rallyon ollaue, and Ed. of Bal linacurry, I. 1' Nicholas Fanning, of Limcrick Ed. l'urcell, of Ferragh, Ballinnonelian Murrogh McMahone, of Drokore Pat Purcell, late of Bal linecarnige, and Sheely relict of Pierce Purcell.. Pat IIogan, of Craganelr] I, Land in difference between same and Faha I<illacalluin... Ballgogassy Ardnevalloge Bog.... Tonelegayberny.. g of 2 ploughfieltls in Beolane Ballyonollane... Cahir ; two-thirds of Dromore Scartcenec, Croghy, Ballinnollan,Ballynehaisca Ilromore and of Eallyvodane I<illmoryne... Bog of same... Craganetry.. I<ilnamona ; onethird ploughland ; Ballyassy (bog 1' ). Lord I<ingstown...l Pbineas Bury Uo. no. RRA, I. P. AI.

28 p- --P 32 KII,COI:NANE PARISH. ----p-- I I OLD PROPRIETOR P1111 Flt~gcrald, of Dronioherbeg bd. kitzgernld, of Ilron~ohern~ore Thos. E itzgerald, of Eallinshoril~clrl~lore Glyn and Nlchs. banning of L~mcrlcb, I. P. Droinohernlore...l Sir Geoff. Gallway, I.P. Graige John Bury Thos. BlcShane Geiald, Uallymony. Wm Taylor DO....l d. Bray Bog.. Gerald Fitzgerald... Ballygleaghane. Wm. Taylor Tynlrelly Shanballymore I>o. Garranard and Q- gort Bog to do Killeen and Bally- The\. Fitzgerald, of Monenane goole Slr Geofl. Gallway 13allynomore.. Morlsh $ ltzgerald, (;erald (;or [alassy I'hiness Bury iiitzgerdld, of Gorta Bog lassy, and David Nih~l, of Limenclc Callynoebeg.. 1 Rest of Parish Not sequestered Garrat McThomcs, of Ballinacourty, an d. Pat Hogan, of Balliiiamona hr. Murry McPnrcell, of Milltowne Milltownc, I.P. OLD PROI'RIETOR 1 Phineas Bury 'o l Capt. Teige McMahon and F~ancis Eellars.. Dermolt McMahon... Tuogh.. Henry Widenham (3)... Ed, I'urcell, of Curry... Curry Dermott McMahon... ICennedy McTitlogh, anr Morrogh hlcdai;iel Bryne, McTullogh.. John Lysaght John Fitzgerald late of Curra John Lysaght Uerniot! McMahon.. 1 Bog - ~ennigarrane ICillamamgo... Sir S. Barnadiston.... Z'hineas Bury... Cnoclieo....., ICilllterill.. Land in difference between Sir S Barnadiston and Sir 11. Waller Corra... John Hunt (4) Boi:... Tiailycleherane... Phineas Bury l'nrt oisa~ne clhicd by Sir 11. Waller I<illivol;:inc... IIerrry Widenhain.. REA, I.P.M. -- a. r. p 418 o o r U o 19 o o 81 U o I o o I o o OLD PRO~'RIB.TOR TOWNLAND GRAN rek AI:~, I.I,.AL a. l. p Thoa Dondon, of Ealiyctecn Thos. Westropp.. 76 I 20 Rallpstezn M~tchelstown Slr S. Bdrnadlston o o Ball~ncannaroe z 32 Wm. Roche, late of Ballinvohel Te,ge McMalione L~merick, 1.1'. Davld Fltzgerald, of Balllnacourty Ballln~~cou~ ty MLIIL~. Malone, of L~merick 161 z 0 -- (3) IIenry Widenham was brother of Lieut. -Colonel John Widenham, who got a grant of Castletown-Roche, County Cork. Henry Widenhani purchased Court and other adjoining townlands in 1702, from the Comniissioilers for Sales of Forfeited Estates. Ile was High Sheriff of the County in IIenry Widenhani had issix, two daughters, co-heiresses. The eldest, Msry, married in 1709, Valenline Quin, eldest son and heir or Thady (&in, of Adare. 13y this marriage, ail Henry Widenhain's estates in Kenry ancl Coiinelloe, under the Act of Settlement, went into the Qnin family, and are now included in the estate of the Earl of Dunraven. The other daughter married the eldest soc of Sir Standish Hartstonge, Bart., of Bruff, and brought Court and the other purchased towulands into that family, now represented by the Earl of Liniericlr. (4) Ancestor of the devere of Curragh and Hunt families of Limerick and Tipperary.

29 P THE CROMWELLIAN SETTLEMENT OF THE COUNTY OF LIMERICK-(Continued.) RY JAMES GRENE BARRY, M.R.S.A.I. -- PART SIXTH. COSHMAGH BARONY. TOWNLAND Nell Lacy, als. Fitzperalcl Tohn Gold, of Knock sowney Garrett Fitzgerald.. Ballygibbon and Tankardstown Knocksowney Thornastown and Gortnepequiney Chas. Ormsby / Jeff. Owens z 27 Peter Wallis, I 13 Wm. Blackney o o Chas. Pym o o Earl of Orrery o o Peter Wallis OLD PROPRIETOR TOWNLAND GRAKTEE AREA,I.P.M. Pat Kearney, I.P.... Clounigar... A. Ormshy Jas. Lysaght, LP.... Clogher John Fox, LP.... Ballyvenoge and o 0 Ballysallagh Jas. Lacy, I.P.... Ballinchory Edy Lacy, I. P.... Parcells of land Wm. Rahally... Rahalysacre... DO o Jas. Fox, I.P.... Foxes acres Nichls. Haly, I. P.... Drumin Fauntsland Gurteencoogy o Jas Fox, LP... Scoule Q John Fox, I.P I2 0 0

30 Ed. Kearney, LP.. James Kearney, I.P.... Two parcells.. Jas. Lacy, I. P.... Part of Ballinclouney Nichs. Haly, I.P.... Knockallyturlis.. Ballingegaura. Symon Hurley, I.P. Wm. Marshall, I. P. Ballineely... Ballinlea... Garbally Marshali'... I DO DO DO itandishhartstor.ge o o Geo. Thornton, I.P.... Ballinanty N.... Duke of York 23 o 0 SirEd.Ormsby Ed. Warr c :::l 21 olo P. Lysaght. S. Balinanty..) 228 o o F'arranfincealay, part of Ballyvaroon Nichs. Haly, I.P. (2)... Grallagh... Sir Ed. Ormsby Earl of Bath... Rahane... Not sequestered... David Lacy, I. P.... Athlacka... Chas. Ormsby o o John Fox, I. P.... Ballincolloe o o Geo. Thornton, I.P. (I) Ballincurragh....., 105 o o Ballinamona o o Pat Kearney, I.P.... Clounbrien o o John Supple, I.P.. Cregans... Earl of Orrery o o Ballingaule... Geo. Evana F'arrangeiliragh and Earl of Orrery o o Rathgoban (I) George Thornton was son of the " Undertaker," Sir George Thornton (see ante Vol. I. "Limerick under the Reign of Queen Elizabeth.") One of his sisters had married John Bourke, of Brittas, and another Sir Maurice Hurley, of Knocklong. Thornton having joined the Confederate Catholics in 1642, now had the broad lands, acquired after the Desmond Confiscation, forfeited. Jas. Fox, I. P.... Ballygrennan... Geo. Evans (3) o o Geo. Thornton, and Jas. Carrowreagh, Bally- John Bayly o o Grady wollen, als. Mulltown Geo. Thornton... Ballinstonyheg... Geo. Evans Geo, Thornton.. Ballinstonemore... Geo. Evans o o Mulltowne o o Same and Jas. Fox.. Uregar... John Bayly o o Geo. Fitzgerald, I.P.... Uregar hill, and Geo. Evans o o Farranhenymore Pat Kearney. I.P..,. Ballyhanmore o Ed Kearney, LP.... Ballyaney... Ed. Kearney o o Ed. Lacy, I.P.... Ballylananheg... Geo. Evans o Crostoge Edy Bog, Curragh and Common... (2) Earl of Bath. This was John Bouchier, fifth Earl of Bath, son of General Sir George Bouchier, who got the seignory of Loughgur after He married Rachel, daughter of Francis Faree, Earl of Westmoreland, who succeeded him, as he died without issue. The present representative of this family is Count John Faree De Salis, D.L., of Luughgur. (3) George Evans. Colonel George Evans, of Ballygrennan Castle, M.P. for County Limerick, was succeeded by his son, George Evans, M.P. for Charleville, and Lieutenant of the County. He built Bulgaden Hall, and resided there until it was burnt down. His son, Right Hon. George Evans, created Baron Carbery in 1715, resided at Caherass, where he died in 1749.

31 Bishop of Limerick. Deesart and Carri- Not sequestered geen Hallyorgan Disertillasney.. A great surround of Protestants Pat Meagh, Jas. Brew and Rob. Hurley Stephen Anster Lisgillagh, Monas ternenay, Eally stradeen Glenmore and Gortvonteen Grange Anster.. Abbey land.. And several parcell of Abbey land ad joining grist mill Parknemrahy.. A parcell lying be tween ye land o John Gould, Money Fox, and Ballygibmore, neanng William Blewitt's land A parcell lying between Rathfinis land and Slr Maurice Hurley 4nother between Sir M. Hurley, and Ricd. Creagb >orteenlackan L % parcel1 between Sir M. Hurley and Haly's land 2ortanmrahan and adjoming Commons Not sequestered Prot. land Not forfeited Chidley Coote Not sequestered Not sequestered PROPRIETOR TOWN[ AND GRANTEE AREA,I. P.M. p- Richd. Dundon, I. P.... Crravel~eg.. Ihh. Coll o o Pat Meade, I.P.... Ballinfiory... Arthur Ormsby o o Jas. Bourbe, I. P.... Rallinscrory... Sir Ed. Ormsby Q o Maurice Herbert, I. P.... Mullanes o o Nichs. Icearney Geo. Thornton, I.P. Earl Kildare Ed. Lee, I.P. Thos. Lee Maurice Fitzgerald Walter and Maurice L Stephen Lee, LP. Ed. Lee, I. P. Jas. Lee, I.P. Jas. Bourke Stephcn Lee, LP. Jas. Lee, I.P. Morise, a!s. Mahown Hickey Henry Casey, 1.P. Henry Casey, 1.P. Earl of Kildare Pat Purcell, I.P. Teige O'Fanning Ed. Fanning Ellinor Fitzgerald al! Harris Garrett Fitzgerald John Lysaght, I.P. Maui ice Fltzgeratd Geo. Thornton, I. 1'. 3ellagh Zarhow 110. Ballygrene aollagh Dollow I'uloivoig Ballyculien Rossteniple Ballinta Doenkipp Bally muckane Cloncullane Clorehane Bog of ditto. Tullavin Bog thereto Tworine... Dub. Coll.... Sir T. Southwell... Dub. Coll.... Not sequestered... Arthur Ornrshy... Sir Ed. Ormsby Arth. Ormsby... Chas. Ormsby Heyward St. Leger ::I r: sir Orrnsby... Chas. Ormshy.. Sir Ed. Ormsby... Chas. Ormsby...I Chas. Ormsby 1:: Sir Ed. Ormsby Carhuekeel.. Shanacluon... DO. Several gardens in Croome Several parcells... Not sequestered Garraunroe and Sir Ed. Ormsby Ballyphookoe Commonsof ye same Bog belonging to ye adjacent lands Ballylosky Kalhhrenagh.. 1)o. Fanninstown... Commons toye same Keoghowney George Bullybally.. Caherassy... no. hlondellighy.. Lisnamully... DO Donomean and Ballinstraw Curraghvinoge... Peter Wallis

32 Thos. Russell...l Russells Curragh...I Sir Ed. Ormsby o John Lysaght... Black Abbey in o o parcells, Several gardens o do. in Athdare 1 town Pierce Creagh, I. P severall gardens in Athdare town Morise McTeige... Garryowen and gar- dens in same John Fitzgerald and Two parcells in ye James Lysaght same Wm. Stritch, LP parcells do.... Jas. Creagh, I. P... A garden.. Unforfeited... 7 parcells White Abbey Pierce Creagh-Fitz-Pierce 4 parcells of Burgess (4) land in ye town Stephen Lee... Kealoge,Wademore, Traghoulagh,Clounagh, Farranmoretrea Gurteenwaren... Thos. O'Cullane... 3 parcells of Spittle land Wm. Stritch... Whites Burgess land Jas. Lysaght... Gortneglash... John Fitz-Edmund Burgess land... ' Gerald Gorteendoglaney... Peter Wallis Nichs. Lylis, Castle Roberts begs Sir Ed. Ormsby Pierce Creagh &others, l I some Protestants... Not sequestered... Poore Abbey... Sir Ed. Ormsby... White Abbey (48a. not sequestered)... Gorteenmorebegg..... Rowermore, Rower- hegg, Ilanarory Beabus... (4) Pierce Creagh. This Pierce Creagh was Mayor of,limerick in He married a daughter of McNamara of Cratloe Castle, and died in 1670, and is now represented by the Creagh's of Dangan, Co. Clare. His name appears as Alderman Pierce Creagh, in the Inrolments of Certificates of transplanted persons, A.D

33 THE CROMWELLIAN SETTLEMENT OF THE W,LJNTY OF LIMERICK-(Continued.) BY JAMES GR,ENE BARRY, M.R.S.A,I. PART SEVENTH. (I) COONAGH BARONY. ULLA AND CLUGGIN PARISH. James Butler and Mary, relict of James MurtagE 'McBryen and Jamer Butler Same & Phil. hicmahonj of Killura Same Conor O'Bryen, - of Killo geeny Turlagh McBryen of Ballinvolode Conor McBryen McMurtagh Tirlagh McBryen Tirlagh McBryen of Ballyvalode Earl of Thomond.. Tirlagh McBrynn.. Pollarstown Longford Bog of Lismakelly Killanurra Coarse Land. 8allyvolode. Good grazing of bo of ditto. Cloghdalton.. Newtowne Henry Harding -.l 671 O -O Andrew Brandon -.l 61 O O Thomas Harding John White Jer. Carthy Jer. Carthy o 32 John White o.. I Hollow Blades o o o Henryand John Warding IOO 0 0 Lands hot sequestered o o John White...l 16 o o (I) Ui Cuanach, an ancient tribe who possessed this Barony which included Aes Greine. " Aes Greine of the fine bright land was obtained. "By O'Coaning of the territory of Saingel. (Singland) "He possessed a cheery land around fair Greine. " From his noble descent from Eoghan." O'Heran. For a further account of Greine or Grian see Joyce's "Irish Names of Places." Henry de Londres, Archbishop of Dublin, got a grant of this district in A branch of the O'Brien's held almost exclusive possession of Coonagh from an early date down to Cromwellian times.

34 ULLA AND CLUGGIN PARISH-CO~~~ZBUC~. William Rydane, John Farrandonolinroe Rydane and Arrebregy. Morogh Casey... Hackman Conor McBryne of Moanroe Farrandonogh... Murtagh McBryen of Part of Shrub do.. Longford... Conor McBryan, Conor McMurtagh, and Bryen McBrven of Mouenroe Murtagh McRryen, I.P. and. Daniel McBryen... Gg~,'k":,"~ Conor McMurtagh... Both Crosses Teige McBryan of Cross,. and Sir Morris Hurley, I. P.... Hicky and Bryan MC- Shandangine. Bryan of Shandangine Wm. Hickey... Dunalter Wm. Hickey, Melaghlan Cullinaghcinfrey Reagh, Thos. Ryan, and Leakamore. Dermott Ryan, Andrew MC Wm. Hickey and Mahon Ryan, I. P.... Callagh McBryan of Knockballyfookam Knockballyfookane... Ballynitty Cloghin Teige McBryen of Bally- Thursley and i runa... Brackyle b Murtagh McBryen of Gortnalosty, Gort Longford... nasallagh Connor McBryan of Gortclassiany Knock.. Arekerakaile Miles McGrath of Clog- Gortanallyfovine hereadan, Chas. Mc- Bryenof Bohernecraggy Gortenallenm re Conor McBryen of Cly- Gortagarron, Gort nee, Wm. Ryan of barnaboy, Cuila Bohereeny,Teige McB. guillickbui of Ballyruan, Tirlagh Inheanmenagh McB. of Ballynacloghy Gortnanoghy and Kenedy RlcByrne Gortvonymeannaof Derrynane, I.P.... gould Gortamurragh and Gortaleanaboy. Earl of Thomond Ineryemenagh... Killeighvally.. Bog Andrew Brandon.. Phil. Packer Henry Harding.. Andrew Brandon.. Henry Harding.. lohn White Andrew Brandon and Col. Carey Dillon.. Hollow Blades A. Brandon lohn White Andrew Brandon.. Andrew Brandon.. 4ndrew Brandon.. rhos. Sandon Yot Sequestered.. Zol. C. Dillon OLD PROPRIETOR I TOWNLAND I GRANTEE Miles McGrath Murtagh McBryan and Cloghkillibarri... Thos. Sandon o o Conor McBryan... Bad pasture... James Dawson o o Earl of Thomond... The restofthef'arish Not Sequestered,..l Thomas Mahoune McOwen... Doone... Lord Kingston... Donagh Ryan Conor... A fifth unprofitable Ryan Roger Ryan Bryen McBryan Conor McLeaghlin Phil. MC. Erg Bryan, I.P. Marcus McGrath of Killinewallan... Lissowan Mahoune Owen Bryan of... Hollow Blades... Killimullan Meaghlin Bryne Bryne McBryne Killimullan....., Conor McLeaghlin Phil. Ryan and Connor McMeaghlin Bryne,I. P Donagh Bryne Murtagh McBryne.. Gowlagh... Earl Mountalexander (3) Roger Ryan... Curraghauphoyle Moris Hurley and Conor and Thos. Ryan... Bog.,.. Murtagh Bryne of Long- ford... Tomoline... Hollow Blades... Dermott Bryne of Tomo- line... Shrubs..... Murtagh Bryne.. Clounirnskeenahehy A. Brandon... Teige McByrne... Leackacrowe..... Magrath Ryan and Lord Kingston... William Ryan, I. P (3) Earl Mountalexander Dnl. and Donagh Mahoune of Purtane... Purtane... Holloy Blades... Thos. and Dnl. Donnellan Conor McBryne Conor McMurtagh McB. of Cloghdalton... Killmackogue... John White... I I I (2) Doone-Dun BlCse, it., the fort of Blessb, who was swineherd to the King of Coonagh. (3) Earl Mount Alexander. This was Hugh Montgomery, 2nd Viscount Montgomery, who forfeited his estates in England as a Royalist, but, on the Restoration was created Earl of Mount Alexander, and had his English estates restored and got large grants in Ireland. He married a daughter of the 1st Earl of Drogheda and left issue. The title became extinct in 1757 on the death of the 5th Earl.

35 Teige McBryne and... Killinlavane WilJiam Bryne.. Gortaanavullen. Kennedy McBryne.. Killmore Connur Reagh O'Hea of Gortnagard... Gortavally. Murrogh O'Hea McShane Shane O'Hea... Red Bog McTho~. Joan O'Hea... Gortavally Bog. McMahoune Ed. O'Hea McRichard & Sir Morris Hurley, I.P. Tirlagh Bryne of Cookey and Conor Red Rog O'Hea... Carrigogounagh. Red Rog of Cappag (4) Henry, Earl of Thomond... Castlegarde.. Murtagh McBryne Roger Ryan, Sir Morris Hurley, Conor and E. Ryan.. Curraghmccomyne Teige McBryne of Ballinruan, I.P.... Leackamccoumyn Wood. Bog 1 Rinvanna Coarse A. Brandon Pious Uses Gamaliel Waters An eighth unprofitablt e... Not sequestered Sir Audley Mervin Earl Mountalexander.., Tirlagh McBryne of Curreengeenaiffe... Ballinacloghy 186 o o Sir M. Hurley and Wm. Bog... McBryne, 1.1'. Sir Morris Hurley of Ed. Harrison Knocklong and Hicky Knockroe.. James Dawson Theobald Lord Baron o Brittas, I.P. Coole...l Jamer Darson...l Sir M. Hurley and Murroghoge McBryn~ Clockdine. DO....l IIO o o of Pallice, I. P... Any Hicky, widow, I.P. Clyrone Thomas Browne of Hos Kiltilly 85 I 8 pital, I. P. Bog of 20 o 16 Rallynegrenagh... James Dawson..l Richard Bourke of Drom- Robt. Browne. I.P.... I Undistin~uishable Wm. ~ourke,'late of keen, and Miltown... Ed. Harrison...l Knockinisty,..l Ballingal&h...l BALLINACLOGHY AND GREAN PARISH. a. r, p. Murtagh McBryne of 1 Castletown...l Andrew Brandan...I Castletown... Same fit for building Curragh of same...i Coolnamone o o Commons to do.... Col. C. Dillon I o Derrirane... Andrew Brandon o o Kennedy McBryne I 24 (4) Henry O'Brien, 7th Earl of Thomond, inherited, with the Clare estates, considerable ancestral estates in the County Limerick. His grandson, Henry, 8th Earl, died without issue in 1741, and was buried in Limerick Cathedral. By his will the great Thomond estates were left to Murrough, Lord O'Urien, son and heir of the Earl of Inchiquin, with remainder to Percy Wyndharn, Lady Thomond's nephew, who succeeded to the estates in when he was created Baron Ilrackan and Earl of Thomond. He died unmarried in 1774, when these estates went to his nephew, the 3rd Earl of Egremont. The patrimony of the O'Brien's of Thomond is now vested in Charles Henry Wyndham, 3rd Baron Leconfield. OLD PROPRIETOR TOWNLAND GRANTEE AREA,A. R. P. Murragh McTeige.../ Hal!ytrasne.../ Pious Uses...l o ~r~ne%f ~all~t&sne... of Couly McEryne... - neen... Do-... Gorteenanyne... Pious Uses... Part of Ballyvodeen Ed. Harrison..... Hollow Blades... DO.... A. Brandon.. Bog in Con~mon... Col. C. Dillon Lord Thomond rest... Not sequestered Murragh McTeigh Mc- Bryne... Gortalyne...( Cornelius Clrncy...l Claimed by Thomas Apjohn

36 Sir Morris Hurley (5)... Kilduffe Ballinlooby. Murraghoge McBryneand Sir M. Hurley... Pallice Sir M. Hurley.., Any Hickey of Cahernanenagh... Cahirnemenagh, Mahoune O'Hea of Parke Thos. O'Hea of Grean, Part of Moymore. I.P.... Sir M. Hurley, I.P.... Part of DO Bog... Knockgreany Con Sir M. Hurley... Teige McBryne of Derk, Knockderk and Wm. McB. of Glebe to Cross, and Teige McB. of Clynoe... I ~rv& Dnl. McB. ~ a McMurtagh ~ e... Mahoune McB. and Muartagh McBryne... Charles McBryne of of Bohernagrogy... Tirlagh McB. of Ballina- Knockane cloghy... Clockareaka Dnl. McB. of Cross... Wm. Hicky and Murtagh McB. of Longford, I. P. Pious Uses... ZIO I o Dub. Col o o Ed. Harrison Ed. Harrison Pious Uses gr o o mon to adjacent towns Pious Uses... a g 0 0 Ed. Harrisou Thos. Sandcn I o Pious Uses I 3 Thos. Sandon. 31 o o o o (5) Sir Morris Hurley of Kilduff and Knockleng, see ante note Small County Barony.

37 THE CROMWELLIAN SETTLEMENT OF THE COUNTY OF BY JAMES GRENE BARRV, M. R.S. A.I. PAR?' THE EIGHTH. COSHLEA BARONY. John Cantwell, I.P. (I) Lisnaroorr... Curraghdine... Sir Oliver St. George..... IIugh Massy Gortkislane Ballyhane.. William Barraby Cnrrowkeele... Iiuph - Massy Garrane Knocb- garranduffe.. Kill~canuan.. William Barraby Cashoonkieran... Carrow Therny...( Kealogs, Parke.. Galbally Mone- Galbally Annagh Castlecrea Curraghrosty... Killmone... Ardrahin... (;arranylena arid... Sir 0. St. George Cvrraghkilbrana...l 11ugh hlassy William Pettie Thornas Green Ihllinamuddagh... I Anne Wybrow. / Sir Wm. Peitie C&- '(&h ( ~ the t foot of thc mountain). This barony runs East and West along the Galtee range and some of the most ferliie land in Munster, the " golden vein." The Fiizgibl,ons (the " \Vhite Knight" and the " Sons of the Old Knight ") owned the greater part of this barony until the 1att.r part of the 16th century. (I) This was a branch of the Tipperary family of Cantwell. The de CantcviILes, a Norman family, got rxtel~rive grants of land in the counties of Kilkenny and Tipperary early in the 13th century.

38 Donogh 91 John McGrath Wicholas Haly & Jan~es Fitzgerald Ballyclysheen and Inchycomb..l inne Wybrow Ballguh... DO. Hugh Massy Sir Wm. Pettie Gleanagruer... l Clnonmore and Downtreleague... Hugh Massy (2) Ballynamona and Rathmear... Coolerve, Ballyregg & Scartmurameer DO.... William Barraby Lissardcennell.. Bog common to Garrylouga.. Hugh Massy Mountain common to all Manor of Galbally 1476 o o Uohernacurry... Wm. Armstrung o o Rallinloolev and ~arratacium~..... Wm. & Jas. Reeves.( o o... Dub. Coll o o led Bog..., Sir Edward Fitzharris (3) of Clonefoy Eneas McGrath of Glenarry Do, Ed. Fitzharris and Thomas McGrarh.. Sir Mons Hurley.. no. Clonafoy...I Amhrose Jones...l 300 o 27 Ballingarry and Ballinclacklau... Peter Wallis Jefford Stoute Ballygusdonagh.., Peter Wallis Kiltigarriffe... Giles Powell o o Robert Oliver Ed. Cooper o o Knocklong... Wm. and J. Reeves Knocklarby.. Giles Powell Cloghastra... Rob. Oliver (4) Glenlarby... Giles Powell OLD PROPRIETOR TOWNLAND GRANTEE AREA,I. P.M. l Tworheen... Red Hog I51 0 o '' I l I Nicholas Haly of 260 o -0 Miles McGrath (2) Captain Nuph imassy of Dnntryleague, aniofficer in the Cromwellian army, was ancestor of the Massys Baron Massy and Massey Baron Clarina and the cadet families of that nalr.e, of whom the Stoneville family are the principal. In the course of time the Massys became, both from their position and property, one of the most influential families in the County Limerick, and retained their large estates and political influence up to a recent period. Down to the passing of the Land Purchase Acts the Massys still held upwards of 53,000 acres in the Counties of Limerick and Tipperary, which the above-mentioned Hugh Massy acquired under the Act of Settlement, Sir M. Hurley and l Rathgulane...l Wm. & J. Reeves...l 58 o -0 Gibbon ~itzgibbon Bea1,scadane. 1 Dub.,011. John 91 I-Ielen Fitzgibbon Wm. $ J. Reeves l (3) The Fitzharlis's were Barons of Kilcavan, in the County Wexford, and were descended from the noble house of Meyler Fitzhenry. Sir Edward Fitzharris was the youngest son of Mathew Fitzharris Baron Kilcavan, and had his estates in Coshlea Barony, confirmed by patent from James I. His son was executed at Tyburn for treason A.D (4) Robcrt OIiver was 3. Cromwellian officer, who got large grants of land in this barony. He purchased Clonodfoy Castle and demesne of the Fitzharris' from the grantee and changed the name to Castle Oliver. The Right Honorable Silver Oliver, who was for many years before the Union M.P. for the County Limerick, introduced a settlement of Palatines into this district about 1740 This fine estate went in the female line, early in the last century, to the Gascoyne family, now represented by Colonel Gascoyne and the Hon. Cosby Trench. This estate has been lately sold to the tenants under the Land Act.

39 John Fitzgihbon... Ballinlong... Amlzose!ones Sir M. Hurley, LP.... Ihocklong,., Ed. Cool,er o o DO Ambrose Jones o o Sir W. Pettie o o Gibbon Fitzgibbon, I. P. Hamonstown... Ed. Cooper o o Giles l'owell.. 40 o 0' Jas. Heffernan, LP.... Michalstown... Ambrose jdnes "0 o R. Oliver o o..... Lord Collooney (5).. 70 o o Giles Powell John Fitzgibbon... L)ownemoonals and Rob. Oiiver o o Ballynehensy James and N. IIaly... Knockamen Lord Collooney o o John Fitzgihbon... Garrynea :::I Ed. Cooper Nicholas Haly Sr Gibbon Ballinscalla I... Lord Collooney Fitzgibbon Ballinvreeny Dorrinstown.... Steevenstown Martinstown.....,/I Bogincommon Henry Wall of Ballygrdneady and 'Hugh Massey Milltown Ballvqueen.. Rich. Grim v---- no. l Pat. Keaney of Kilmal- Ballycuilane lnck ~ich.-~ai~ and Gibbon Fitzgibbon Nich. Naly, J.P.... Tirmore& Ballinarig Rob. Oliver... Gibbonstowne... Rich. Grice John Burgett... Tyanstowne and I-lenry Ponsonby Kilbreedy Lord Collooney Hugh RIassy (5) Rirhard Cook was created Baron Coote of Colooney by Charles 11, in See Note (I) Small County unit). l Wm. Meagh... Milltowne... Chidley Coote (G) Rich. Creafih... Flen~ingstowne... l o.,.. Rohernahotony.. Sir Ed. Fitzharris... Ballingadybegg... Do. more Garrykitteen... I)o. DO.... CarrowgarritTe... John lhleagh Fitzgeorge... Old Garte z pnrcells... A curragh... John Gold of Ii~lock- Anlambony and stowney. Rallymaulagh... Chidley Coote Rob. Guosy of Kilnosy... Pat. Kearney and Garrett Rallingurry and Fitzgerald... Rallynophoyne... A curragh in Ballin- - nossy... Nicholas Haly... Ardpatrick... DO. no.... Ardevolane... DO. Tohn Fox... Ballynehow... Do Randall Hurley... Ballyvoodane... no.... Graige... Garryphooky and 1 Glendoenane....l 219 o o Miles Fitzharris... Ballymacshanbuy.. Chidley Coote Ballyshondehy... Wm. Mead... g8 o 0 Ballyknoghy..... I Jamestown... Chidley Coote... I Garrymonagh..... r83 o o ~athniwhittagh o.. Rich. Grice... go o '0 Cleaghagh.. Chidley Coote C Ballycarrowney o o Ballenveely.. John Moland o o I (6) Chidlcy Cootc was ancestor of the Cootes of Mount Coote and A5h Fliii, Kilmallock. l

40 LIBERTIES OF KIEMBLLOCK. --L Sir Ed. Fitzharris.,. Cloghnodfoy... IIenry IJonsonIly Lawrencetown. Do, Hallynaniona. Ballyvosknody... Lord Colloonev Morestown... Killeenan... Rob. Oliver Koplogh.. Lord Collooney BalIyshane.. Towrenhoan.... 'I'ullo... Spittle Durragh... Rob. Oliver Garryarthur... Bog & Mountain... Ballinnecourtey Keale... Lord Collooney... Rob. Oliver Keelcragy... hbbeyballinegaule.. Dub. Coll. Waste ~.. Baliyagoge... Rob. Oliver Ballyoregan... Waste... Ballygreny Ballyvotory and Mullans... l... Henry Ponsonby Bog and Curragh in, common,.. Mortelstowne.. 4 DO. Ki!fenane and Ballygeorge... kob. Oliver Aglean, part of Kilfenane... Ballynletny... Eallynecoaty and Ball~neghursh.. Balliniggin... Do, Ballingerode.. Ed. Cooper Comnlons.,. Garrilassy... Rob. Oliver Halfcornes... Chidley Coote Fanningstowne... Henry I'onsonhy Eneas Oge McGrath... Ballintobles... Rob. Oliver Rich. Creagh, LP. (Commons 35)... Ballycrany and Ballycaroney... Ed. Cooper... Henry Ponsonby OLD PROPRIETOR TOWNLAND (I RANTEE - _ - _- - - l Sir M. Hurlev. I. F... 1 Gortnesitana&y -... John 13urgett: '1.1'. :.'l Chidley Coore Randolph Hurly 1 M~ch. and Mat. Huriy Richard Creagh, 1. P. :::l DO. Hishopsland,.. Farenvasleemn~ore....., Gleal~e.. Gurtemaell... John Fox... Ardsheraee... Sir M. Hurley.. Ralreard John Meagh and Lucas 3 parcels. Stritch... Pat Ikarney and Rich. Ardkillmartin.. Creagh... Nonaghmurry Moneclarine.. no. Wllliam~Lcwis... Chidley Coote John Gold Fitzwalter... l'arknemonegeile..... Several parcls....i Plerce Creagh of Limerick A parcell.. Chidley Coote Mat I-laly -.l (;leabe... Vicars Land... not seqd. Mat Haly... Maghareragh... lames Meagh Ferrangiilanbert.,, Bishop of Limerick.. Gortacollis & other parceils... Tames Verdon, I. P.... Stealicollis.. Pierce Creagh... Deebert Chidley Coote Nicholas Farrut,.. Ballycallanl~eg... Nicholas Farrut Bishop of Limerick... Gortanevooly Gortneskeagh... Henry W'all... Stoalanalts... H. Ponsonby......I Bishop of Limerick Gorthealneboy... Johi~ Fox.. I'ronce., Chidley Coute Sir M. Ilurley... I'arknacourt.. Peter Wallis IioO. Haly... Gorticlagan... Chidley Cootr P. Creagh... Clownesteevane... John Gold FitzWm.. ericge... Killioreske... Gotnelanaha... Pat Meade... Gortinpark... Keybruss, Moangarriffe... Gortbohergragh, Gortboy... Gortinprickedoosy and Barracklieg... - Kilmaliock got its name from a monastery founded in the 7th Mochellog. Kilmallock and " the Liberties" are in the Parish of St century by St. Peter and Paul's.

41 --- 0r.1) P~or'~1r.1 OR John Gold Sir M. Hurly Thos. Hoare and David Meagh FitzDomnick.. Peter Creagh Fitzpeter. David Verdon Francis Creagh John Fox John & Et]. tiould Rob. Haly, LP. no. Sir M. liuriy Xcholas Haly Garryivamnick.. Knocknacash... Small l'arcells... Gorteenacoyne... Kacknovane... Rich. Grice and Gortgarriffe Gartgamffno... Rich. Smith... Gortueaghlagh... I<. Smith Gorteenalrevadagh.. R. Grice and Gortivonedukle... Gortrahine... Gortanncmoyle... Kob. Haly Rapcneraherny... Chidley Coote Bantraghcreagh.. Gorteenoushy... Callamore... IIen. Ponsonby Gortkncckane... Gorticorneyle... Gortinvorish... Chid. Coote ParLeale, Gortnacloghy Finereghy, Gortlewis Rahindoologhy.. R. Grice and 13. Smitl Gortindraigh and, Deeglam... Camiane... Parcells of land... not seqd. Farranlewis.. i Fryanlewis... 1 Iisheendaragh... Gurl~sheen... Farrencrassa... Mounteen I parson parts of Gortclayey Irisheen, Garryowen Hishop of I,imericki' Sortnatiim... ;ortyknockanpeirsse Sortl~oy, Garryneita [nchynaghien K. Grice & K. Smith " This grant was made to the person who was at the time Blshop of Limerick in his private capacity, not as Bishop. It is not now easy to identify this Rlshop, 1)ut it was probably John Vesey, who was promoted from Limerick to the Archblshoprick of Tuanl in He was Chaplain to the liouse of Comnrons In 1661, and was evidently a persona pmta with the Government, as we find him promoted to the Rectorship of Shandrum and Vicxr of Charleville, Dean of Cork and also Archdeacon of Armagh. His father succeeded him as Archdeacon in THE CROMWELLIAN SETTLEMENT OF THE COUNTY OF LIMERICK-(Continued). BY JAMES GRENE BARRY, M.R.S.A.I. Vice-Pres. for County Limerick N.M.A.S. (Continued from the Journal of the Limerick Field Club, vol. iii., p. 237.) Denis Byrne Moragh Sheehy, 1. P... James Stritch, late of Limerick Kathern Herbert.. Sir Ed. Fitzgerald.. PART THE NINTH AND 1,AST. - CONNELLOE BARONY. (I) Glanistaire Gleangoure and Ballyfoirons... Richard Hunt... Tohn Bourke... Philip Packer S Burton... Wm. Shippy and John Bourke Gunaghnamallagh... Rich. Hunt Ballynona. Killaghtan Bishop's Land not sequea- tered... Aghnviskie... John Vaughan... Gorteenigillane... Sir Stephen White Rat h... William Fitzmorris Gortmore and... 1 Lord Kingston Auleogorman... D. of York Coolmacree William Fitzmerris Dromcornane (Common of pasture 289)... Sir S. White Shroanrath... John Rourke Miskeen... Lord Kingston (I) "The Ui-Conaill, of the Battalion of Munqter." (O'Herin). The O'Connell tribe were driven out of this district by the ~itzgeralds of Desmond before A.D The Earls of Desmond owned the whole of this district for nearly 400 years. In 1583 the lands in this Earony were confiscated and parceled out among "The Undertakers."-(See " Limerick in the Reign of Queen ~lizabeth," by J. G. Barry, Journal Limerlck Field Club, 1897.) The Desmond Rental of O'Connelloe, 1452, gives a detailed accopnt of their demesne lands, &C., in this Barony. Again under the Cronlwellian Settlement a great portion of this Barony changed hands. In the eighteenth century Connelroe was subdivided for fiscal purposes into the present Baronies, Upper and Lower Connelloe, Shanid and Glenquin.

42 Sir Ed. Fitzgerald and Gortnatallagh and Coll. Fran. Courtney... parcel1 in controversy Setween them I). of York o o Sir Ed. Fitzgerald Part of Monotallagh... I Ballynihilly, Liskellane & Ballydurty... Andrew Brandon Gortneskagh o OLD PROPRIETOR TOWNLAND GRANTEE AREA,I.P.M. 230 o o Sir Ed. Fitzgerald... Gortabrabine... Wm. Fitmn~orrii...I OLD PROPRIETOR - Sir Ed. Fitzgerald.. Killeene... William Fitzmorris Ballydubeg Clouncnnnan Clounpekan Clouncoyle and Ballyniekerry Cleaneduffei I<nockeadronige Sir S. White... Hollow Blades... Bishop of Ossory.. Sir S White... Juhn Bourke... Lord Kingston Borracappagh... Mountain in common to adjacent lands - controversy Iretween Fitzgerald and Coll.... Aldworth... Lord Kingston Garridufle... Sam Uurton and W Sheppey 1,ord Kingston Dominick Roche, of Limerick, J.P... Sir Ed. Fitzgerald.. Knockcuoleencane Lord Kingston..... Sir Thomas Chamberlain Cahirvoyle... Lord Kingston.. no. Lord Ranelagh.. Leaviebegg ::f Sir S White... Leavimore and Ratheenagh... Monero and... Lord Kingston... Ballintohuire.. Sir S White Gorteenedrady... and Moher... Lord Kingston.. I<ilcouroe and Cleevagh... Wm. Sheppy and Sam Burton... Killidie Lord Kingston... Ballylanagane Keanecnher Flineglatie... John Bourke... Lisnafuley... Lord Kingston.a* Cooleleave and Lower Cappagh... Banemore... Dominick Roche, of Knockadennody Limerick, J.P.... and Cahirdagh... Lord Kingston o o James Bourke, of.. Portrynard and Nichclas Uurke o o Limerick, J.P.... Ibocknashmngh John Bourke o o CORCOMOHI~E AND CLONECKEANE PARISH. Symon hfchenry, J.P.... l Casilct~rw~l... And Ikandon Knockrobey... 1)v h.... 1: >hop of Ossory...,. 40 o o Donagh Gorman, of Finaroals... Finagh k Gortmore And. Brandon I Wugh Gorman... Ciaurranagh Daniel Cullane... Dromornecrum.. T)o. Teipe Cullane...

43 CORCOMOHIDE AND CLONECREANE PARISH-~0nz%2~t?d. Teigue McThomas.. James Cullane Sir Ed. Fitzgerald, of Clingles Symon McHenry, of Castletown James, Lord Bath.. Symon McHenry.. John Haly, of Limerick Garrett McHenry, of Cappaghnanty.. Symon McHenry.. Hugh Gorman and Teige Gorman,.. of Kilcolman and Donagh Gorman.. Thos. & Ed. Gorman.. Gerald Oge McHenry.. Clonpastine... l longiny... \Villiam Fitzmorris.. Kosnerey Lane, Movan i% Ballin- Sir John Fitzgerald and Ballaghnahulling Wm. Godolphin.. and Gortroe... Lord Kingstown.. A. Brandon... Commons and Ros. part of Castle- "'1 enery Clonbonniffe... Wm. Godolphin and Digby Foulkes.. Wm. Godolphin.. Kilgobnett... A. Blandon Clogmichell... Capsghnighane pnrt of Cappananthe and Cloneduffe.. Russinghouse..... Oliver Lambert Brook Bridges Oliver Lambert and Brooke Bridges.. A Brandon 0. Lambert Wm. Godolphin.. Wm. Domville and Digby Foulkes.. Henry Garrald Rildonnell and Cashanssuill.. Lord Icingston Commons to said 1 townlands.. 1 Conor McHenry.. Gortadene and Ballinsrowe John Mortagh McHenry Balliarliffe and... A. Brandon Gortmote and Sir Wm. Domville and Maghinmore... Wm. Godolphin.. Balleanliffe and Gortmore... Bog in Common Kilmory... Sir Wm. Domville and Wm. Godolphin.. I<ilcoleman and A. Brandon Cappaghcullane... Sir T. Chamberlain..... Lord Kingston Red Bog Mullahard... A. Brandon Gorteenwinchaly... Ballysallagh... Oliver Lambert and Brooke Bridges.. Wm. Lacy, of Ballin- Ed. Sheehy Nich. Haly, of Tworine.. Phil. Collam, of Ballyknockane Nich, Karney, of Kilmallock Wm. Lacy, of Ballin- Wm. Lacy Wm. Collum, of Lisamot. John Fitzgerald Belane ICingstreete.. Clonicregan.. W. Ballykeanane.. Eallyny Dourlass no. Killitmore ICillmore...l Both Coole ~orseh' Over Lambert Ballyknockane.. Liskanned Kilmihille Commons of same Ballynaile Ballyteaghmill.. Common of same.. Lisamota Gortenafaha.. Scortnamadery.. Ballyroe, Eallifierni: Wordstock and Cahernaffa.. Kilmiteria Lisacurry Common to all adjacent lands by name Knockfeern: Ballinfrankp... Killcomedone.. Mota Thos. Boon Earl of Orrery Thos. Boon A. Brandon Rob. Dowges Hollow Blades Francis Belears Wm. Thompson and John Field S. Barnadiston 536 A. Brandon o o 0 0 Brooke Bridges Dub. Coll....l 98 o o Thomas Boon o o DO o o I o o Bishop of Ossory, o o o o D. of York o o A. Brandon o 17 Wm. Thompson and John Field o 17 Henry Widdenham o o...l 511 o c lieorge 1krceva o o Morish Herbert and 1 Rethkeale... Morish Herhert and Sir Ed. Fitzgerald 3 ploughlands, &c. Oliver Lambert and Brooke Bridges "" West Gorfroe l Rathkeale :::l Col. C. Dillon 1:: 6 o o

44 David Lacy.../ Uouberron j Andrew Brandon..... Ldrd Kingston Thos. Fitzgerald &Jas. Balli- Nich..& John Bonrke.. Bou rke of Limerick no - -. Wm. Fitrgerald.l Ballyhahill Andrew Rrandon 1: Wm. Lacv of Ballingarry, J. P....Iiallydorcigge Thos. Boon Ed. Cooke Lord Kingston.. Reylane... Thos. Boon James Bourke... Ardboglane... Nich. Bourke and Sir Thomas Southweel.. Ellin Butler, J. P.... Ballyallinan... Rob. Dowger and Sir Thomas southwell.. Rich. Wall 1 / Lord Kingston and Sir.- '2 Thomas Southwell.... Knockbanevard... 0 Lambert & B Bridges Common to three Parishes, Rathkeale, Croagh and Nantenane... Commons to adjacent lands... Abbey and lands belonging to Col. Pigkott not sequestered... 1 Thos. Purcell... fkillinnory... Olivrr Lambert o '0 Rich. Stephenson, late... Broolie Bridges...l Oliver Lambert o o of Dunmoylan, J. P.... IGltenane... Giles Purcrll,., Milltown... no o o Brelaghnegilly... 0 iver Lznibert. 346 o o Fillidle & Ballagh.. 0. Lambert 8z B. Bridges I3 0 0 Rich. Hunt, J.P. Mr. Puree11 Eeakley.. Arvangor Bogg.. Crogh:own Gr l 1 Gr B. Bridges Rich. Stephenson... Garranehoy Lambert Gorteenecorve Clershire Bishop's land not seqr Cooleballyshane o o Graige and Knoclidrimin... Do... I Ed. Sheehy a. Ballinerogy... And. Brandon Gorteenecaraghan Wm. Hampton... Rallikennedy... Bishop of Ossory... Ballicol~nan and Henry Widdenham Castlecwince... A. Brandon Tyrnehelly... no Commons to adjacent lands Glebe... I 6 G. & 1%'. Fitzgerald... RallyAoyne Bishop of Limerick g8 0 '0 1 Ballyfallen... Thotnas Moynane... Granard... Lord Kingston and ThadyQ~lin(2) 1..I...l..,l Commons adjacent John Fitzgerald of ~innetersto~n and Finnetersto,m Bailyogan. e r Inert o o Grange... Thady Quin. 78 o o Ellinor Butler... Knockaderry... Wm. Hampton Sheehy Widow... Caheraghan and Jas. Webster Lisleyasta... Bishop of Ossory (2) Thady Quin could not have been an original Grantee as he was not of age. Prol~ably he purchased, and had the lands enrolled in the Act of Settlement, 1662.

45 Denis Brien Wm. Collum Jas. Bourke Sir Daniel O'Brien.. Ballinneburney Part of Ardagh... Lord Kings ton Rich. Hunt Coll. C. Dillon... Rich. Hunt... no.... T.C. D.... Brook Bridges... R. Hunt Farrentabla Dromgour... Lisbrenagh Rich. Stephenson. Manor Dunmoylan Monewherille.. Waste land.. Dooncahy Lislmne Lisnakean Ballinvarrilly.. Ki!lcoleman. no. Waste a. Sir Thos. Chamberlain 182 John Bourke Brook Bridges.., 444 I734 Sir T. Chamberlain Lord Kingston U'ni. Godolphin Lord Kingston Thos. Sandon tiollow Blades John Shea... Ballyearla.. Dublin College...l I42 o o Jas. Bourke of Limerick Ballyrobbin... John Bourke o o Mahon Kennedy. Bllinvirric... Nich. Bourke (3) Thos. Fitzgerald... Rathneseare... J. ST N. Eourke Morris Legg... Argowleinore... Wm. Godolphin Argowlebegg... Rrooke Bridges... I7 o o Wm. Godolphin o o Rrien and Tirlough Kennedy... Scart... Brooke Bridges Dermot Oge O'Brien Denis Brien Edmund Sheehy '... Derrywantry and Ballvbane.. Wm. Godolphin,.. Ba!lineberrin Waste... Curraline OLD PROPRIETOR Sir Daniel O'Brien. Keanmoge Cahirmeaghill and Ballynard Rathronan Althea Daniel O'Brien and OLD PROPRIETOR... Sir Thos. Southweli..... Sir T. Southwell... Wm. Collum... Rich. Hunt... James Lacy Creeve of Lismeale 1 Wm. Godolphin...l 139 o '0... Dame Anne Crisp... Cunnigar I John Bourke... 1x Sir Henry Slingsby Rich. Stephenson Morris Herbert John Hurley of Knocklong.. Ballyvoghlan Liscordan and Caherlogh Ballykealy Ballyduane Lispealcan Gadanard and Fadanite...l Ihniel O'Brien... Sir T. Southwell...l John Hurley...l l (3) The lands granted to the Bourkes were again confiscated after the Treaty of Limerick, and they disappear from among the landed gentry of the district, but the Bourkes of Tiermore, near Shanagolden, are commonly reputed to be the present representatives. The Coat of Arms on the tomb of Michael Bourke of Tiermore, born 1724, represent the same arms as those borne by the Bourkes of Clanwilliam. John Bourke was M.P. for Askeaton in James 11. I'arliament of 1689.

46 Nich. Fanning. LowerFnglandstornl Brook Bridges o Upper II Edmond Naish... Ballyhomine..... l Commons Garrat Carnoge Ballindiggarry Cloneold... D. of York... Bishop's land not John Liston James Bourke of Limericl Andrew Rice,James Bourke Rich. Stephenson.. Muriagh Mahon.. Wm. Culline 'Turlagh McMahon and Dnl. McDonagh..... Bishop of Limerick I<illscannell Reynie... John Bourke Clownebrowne... Sir T. Southwell iscara, Knockavody John Bourke Killehene... Sir T. Southwell Ballinlyny... DO. Skyhanagh... Ballinknockane.. Dublin College Graige... Wm. Godolphin... Derenenroymore Sr Knocknegouragh Waste... Dame Anne Crisp Kearowloghan, Dublin College Ballysome, Ballycane... David Vaughan. Kilbradan, Loghfane Sir Thos. Southveli. 232 o o Rich. Stephenson... Ballinteen... Sir T. Chamberlain 125 o o Rathnegore... Lord Kingston :::I 44 o o Mary Fitzgerald... Ardamaine...1J. &N.Bourke o v a. r. F. Jas. Creagh FitzAndrew Clounlehard... Thady Quin and Dnl. Shyhane... Sir T. Chamberlain... Waste Donogh O'Brien.. Clounteich Rich. Stephenson... Banoge and ltathbradine... - James Rice of Limerick Ballyainy... Edward Cosgrave Listotaun... Ballinitty... Gragan 8r Clonagh Sir Ed. Fitzgerald... Lisnacullia... Sir T. Southwell Rathneigmore... Rich. Stephenson of Ballinisky.. Dunmoylan... Inismare... John Rice... Rathvally... Ed. Cosgrave John Hurley... Ballyneguy.. John Hurly no D. of York Cloneagh, Bishop's John Eourke Land... Tirlagh McMahon... Ballynah... Bishop of Limerick 172 o 0 Rich. Stephenson... Ballytalh Sr Corbally Tirvor and Rath- Sir T. Chamberlain fana, Robertstown... Carne Foynes... Heiress of Col. (4) o 0 Trenchard, a Protest... Col. Courteney... Aughanish and Protest. Land o o Faunvore.. -- (4) This heiress was a descendant of Trenchard, the "Undertaker" of Queen Elizabeth's time. These estates were purchased by an ancestor of Lord Monteag1.e early in the eighteenth century.

47 Tirlogh McMahon.. Jas. & Conor Shaghin.. Roger McMahon and Sir Dnl. O'Briefi.. Sir Teige McMahon.. I Knocknebroyly... Bishop of Limerick o Ballyroe... Lady Anne Crisp.. 63 I o Lisready John Bourke o o Keanbancurry... Bishop of Limerick o o... John Bourke o o Kilteely... Sir T. Chamberlain... 3x0 1 0 Loughill... Not sequestered I OLD PROPRIETOR Thos. Fitzgerald.. Law. White Thos. Fitzgerald.. ~Gurdon Roche of Limerick Ballydonoghue... Ballycloghane... Tearannuilly... Ballinguile and East Meanus Ballycullen & W&; Meanus.., Tullyleagh.. Ballynemudagh... Tullyglass and Kin. naird and Lisne. carrig... Clonoughter... Killacallo.., Kilfergus.., Ballyquillihanan... Caheragh, Killeanj and Tullerv... Klllincole.., Gerald Fitzgerald.. Rich. Hunt Gerald Fitzgerald. Sir T. Chamberlain. Coll. C. Dillon

48 THE CROMWELLIAN SETTLEMENT OF THE COUNTY OF LIMERICK. BY JAMES GRENE BARRY, M.R.S.A.I. (Vice-Pres. for County Limerick N. M.A.S.) CONCLUSION. Macaulay, in his Histoy of England, states that : "IN Ireland, during the reign of Charles 11, existed feuds, compared with which, the hottest animosities of English politicians were lukewarm. The enmity between the Irish Cavaliers and the Irish Roundheads was almost forgotten in the fiercer enmity which raged between the English and the Celtic Races. The interval between the Episcopalian and the Presbyterian seemed to vanish when compared with the interval which separated both from the Papist. During the civil troubles, the greater part of the Irish soil had been transferred from the vanquished nation to the victors. To the favour of the crown, few either of the old or the new occupants had any pretensions. The despoilers and the despoiled had, for the most part, been rebels alike. The Government was soon perplexed and wearied by the conflicting claims and mutual accusations of the two incensed factions. Those colonists among whom Cromwell had portioned out the conquered territory, and whose descendants are still called Cromwellians, asserted that the aboriginal inhabitants were deadly enemies of the English nation under every dynasty, and of the Protestant religion in every form. They described and exaggerated the atrocities which had disgraced the insurrection of Ulster; they urged the king to follow up with resolution the policy of the Protector; and they were not ashamed to hint that there would never be peace in Ireland till the old Irish race should be extirpated. The Roman Catholics extenuated their offence as best they might, and expatiated in piteous language on the severity of their punishment, which, in truth, was not lenient. They implored Charles not to confound the innocent with the guilty, and reminded him that many of the guilty had atoned for their

49 fault by returning to their allegiance, and by defending his rights against the murderers of his father. The Court, sick of the importunities of the two parties, neither of which it had any reason to love, at length relieved itself from trouble by dictating a compromise. That system, cruel, but most complete and energetic, by which Oliver had proposed to make the Island thoroughly English, was abandoned. The Cromwellians were induced to relinquish a third part of their acquisitions. The land thus surrendered was capriciously divided among claimants whom the Government chose to favour. But great numbers who protested that they were innocent of all disloyalty, and some persons who boasted that their loyalty had been signally displayed, obtained neither restitution or compensation, and filled France and Spain with outcries against the injustice and ingratitude of the House of Stuart." (MatauZay's Uz'sfory of England-Vol. I, p. 92.) The allotment of lands was vested in a Board sitting in London, who, like the Estate Commission of to-day, depended on local subordinates for laying out and partitioning the allotments. As may be imagined, this system did not give satisfaction, and complaints were many and allegations of bribery and corruption not infrequent. Sir Nicholas Crispe had adventured over A3000 for the pacification of Ireland, but only 1000 worth of land ifell to his share in the County Limerick. His Petition is as follows :--l The Petition of Sir Nicholas Crispe Knt. " Sheweth-That your petitioner having a Lott for his adventure in the barony of Connello in Ireland, those that had share in the same barony with him (who were men of power in that ill time), being to divide the said barony into four equal pa~ts, which was done, each fourth part to be subdivided into four equal quarters which, contrary to all justice and equity, in that quarter where your petitioner's lott fell they divided the one half into three parts, which should have been by a cross line into equal quarters as by a character thereof under the hand of the Sirveyor hereunto annexed appears. By which unequal doing, contrary to order and practise, they left your Petitioner his proportion in a Bogg and coarse land, which your petitioner cannot let for more than the Qult rent, which is his division for A ~ooo. "It is therefore, his most humble prayer that your Majesty will be graciously pleased to give order to the Right Honble. the Commissioners, that by the Bill now preparing are to regulate the Adventurers interests in Ireland, that there may be a view had of this indirect dealing, and that right be done the petitioner therein." "Referred (8th December, 1664), to the Duke of Ormond and those other honourable persons who are appointed to assist his Grace in the consideration of the Bill (of Explanation) to be prepared for the Settlement of Ireland."-to report Vol. F. Record Tower, Dublin Castle, p The worthy knight died before his petition was heard, as his widow, Dame Anne Crispe, appears as grantee under the Act of Settlement. She obtained lands in the Parishes of Rathronan, Kilscanlan and 1,oughill. When the civil war broke out in 1641, the gentry of the County Limerick threw in their lot with their fellow Catholics-or, as usually designated in the official language of the day, " Papists." There were, however, many Protestant colonies scattered throughout the county, these settlements represented the undertakers of Elizabeth's reign and their tenants. Their castles were well garrisoned and provisioned- Courtney held a strong position at Newcastle West; Southwell and Herbert at Rathkeale; Dame Elizabeth Dowdall held Kilfinny Castle for six months against the forces of the Confederates. She states that she had a garrison of forty horse and one hundred foot soldiers, in her remarkable, though highly-coloured, account of this siege, which is reproduced from the original depositions in T.C.D. Library, by the Rev. J. Dowd, in his " History of the County Limerick." Dame Anne,Waller, wife of Sir Hardress Waller, made a gallant defence of Castletown during her husband's absence in England The Earl of Kildare held Croom Castle ; The Earl of Bath, Loughgur ; and Dame Barbara Browne, Aney (Hospital). This lady was the daughter of John Boyle, Bishop of Cork, and married Sir John Browne, Knt., son of Sir Thomas Browne, an Englishman, who married the only daughter of the " Master of Aney," and thus got the broad lands of the Commandery of the I '

50 Knights Hospitallers of Aney. Dame Barbara's grand-daughter brought this rich inheritance into the Kenmare family by her marriage with Nicholas, second Lord Kenmare. In her deposition she gives a graphic description of the raids made on her by her neighbours-lacy of Carrigkettle, Hurley of Knocklong, O'Brian of I 'uharra, and I3aggot of Baggotstown, and she claims A3,800 for her losses in stock, corn, furniture, and personal effects. She finally took refuge with Dame Waller, and gives the fol'owing accoun't of the siege of Castletown "She also saith, that the castle of Castletown, where she fled for refuge, was besieged on the 26th of March, 1642, by Luke Purcell of Croagh, Lieut-General; Captain John Fitzgerald, second brother of Thomas Fitzgerald of Glyn Esquire ; Lieut-Col. Garrett I'urcell of Curragh, and divers others to the number ot two or three hundred rebels, who lay close to the castle, so that the besieged could not stir out ; during which time she often heard the besiege15 say that they had the king's authority for what they did. During the siege one-thomas Hill, shoemaker, of Castletown-was killed by a shot from the besiegers, and at length, for want of water, the place was yielded up, about the 13th of May following, having been besieged five weeks and odd days ; the quarter was for their lives and wearing clothes, and a few other commodities." Dame Barbara Browne goes on to say that " she was courteously 1 treated by Patrick Purcell, who conducted her with a sufficient convoy to Macroom where she was delivered into the hands of her nephew, Lord Castleconnell " Sir John Dowdall married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir l'homas Southwell of Rathkeale, in 1604, and settled on her the castles and lands of Kilfinny. Sir John purchased Castletown and other lands in Kenry in r 62 r. He died in I 623 His eldest daughter, Anne, married William Pigott, son of Sir John Pigott of Capard, Queen's County, and succeeded her mother. 'The Pigotts still hold the castle and lands of Kilfinny. The second daughter, Elizabeth, married Sir Hardress W~ller before 1640, and got as a dowry Gastletown and the other lands in Kenry. This was confirmed by a grant to her from the king, the of which I have seen. The following is a summary : - "Grant of 15th Charles 1 (1640) to Dame Elizabeth Waller wife of Sir Hardress Waller Knight second daughter of Sir John Dowdall of Kilfinny, of the manor and lands of Castletown, Cappagh, Beigh Castle, &c. Castletown created a manor to enclose 600 acres as deer park in capite at one Knight's fee reat of estate at rent of 120 to the crown remainder to issue and then to each of the four sisters. Grantee to keep for the service of the crown three well armed horsemen and twelve footmen. To settle on the estate at least 21 English freeholders and not to have more Irish tenants on a longer tenure than 2 I years. The large grants of land which Sir Hardress Walier received for his services were excluded by the Act of Settlement, and he himself was outlawed, but his wife's property was not interfered with, and after some years he was allowed to return to Castletown. The following County Limerick gentlemen held comn~issions in the Confederate army :- Colonel Lord Burke of Castleconncll. Colonel Lord Burke of Brittas. Lieut.-General tjatrick Purcell of Ballycullane. Colonrl Garret Purcell of Curragh. Lieut.-Colonel 1.uke i'urcell of Croagh. Colo lel John Baggoc of Baggotstuwn. Colrtnel Pier~e Walsh of Abbeyowney. C'dptain J%ohn Fitzgerald of Glyn. Captain 'L homai Huiley of Knocklong Captain Murtogh O'Brian of Duharrd. Capt tin I homa; McGibbon of Mahoonagh Cqxa~n Maurice Fi~zgerald of Ballyteige. Captain Ed~ard Fitzgerald of Cnherass. Captain Stevenson of Dunmoylan. Colonel Richard Stevenson (High Sheriff of County Limerick). Captain John Roche of Fanningstown. Captain Eddy Lacy of Bruree. Captain John Lacy of Athiacca.

51 Captain Ed. O'Shee of Ballyallon. Captain Richard Fitegerald of Ballymartin. Captain P. Purcell of Pallaskenry. Captain Garret Fitzgerald of Herbertstown. Captain Teige O'Brien. Captain David Power. Captain Kichard Cullum. George Thornton of Dunnaman. Nicholas Lillis of Dysert. Leogh of Tullavine. Garret Dunlea of Dunnamane. Ed. Dunlea of Oolagh. Edward Lacy of Kilmacanearla. Lacy of Carrigkettle M. O'Brien of Carrigogunnel. John Sheahan of Rathmore. Maurice Casey of Rathcannon. The following names also appear :-Burkes, O'Briens, Barrys, Ryans, O'Gradys, Ilundons, Creaghs, Naish, Sheehy, White, Hurley, Rawley, Clancy, Dwyer, Kirby, Fitzgibbon, O'Hea, Hynes, etc. Further confiscations took place 'after the Treaty of Limerick, and William of Orange Nassau gave the l~nds granted to the Duke of York (James 11) to his favourites, both hale and female. On the king's death, Parliament passed an Act of Resumption, and all these lands were sold hy public auction in Ihblin, in This is known as the O Chichester House Sales. The documents connected with these sales are preserved in the Public Record Office, Dublin. The Cromwellian Settlement appeared a, permanent one, as the years passed the new owners of the soil of our county waxed powerful and wealthy, and by the industry of their tenants the productiveness of the land increased and rents went up. However, by the Repeal of the Corn Laws and the great famine of 1847, a crisis came to many landlords ; their estates became bankrupt and interest on mortgages could not be met. Their estates were compulsorily sold under the Encumbered Estates Act at prices ranging from seven to twelve years' purchase. The Landed Estates Court Act followed and a new class of landlord appeared, generally successful professional and business men, who brought the commercial spirit into their dealings with their tenants. They were not an improvement or, those whom they succeeded, who came to be known as "Th' ould stock," to distinguish them from the new corners. Rackrenting and evictions brought forth the land agitation, which, in our own time, produced Mr. Gladstone's remedial legislation and culminated in the recent Land Purchase Acts, which have transferred the ownership of the land from the landlords to the occupiers. The landless gentry retain their demesnes, and their former tenants-the men with the old Norman and Celtic names-get possession of the land which their forefathers fought for and lost. A peaceful revolution-and let us hope a permanent one, and that it will bring us peace, concord and toleration, so that all may unite in helping to promote our country's prosperity; by working and utilising to the utmost the "unearned increment" of her fertile soil ; by reviving and encouraging home industries, and thus stimulating local trade, so that we may see at no distant time a successful development of our natural resources-a nation's true wealth-now lying dormant and unproductive.

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