Gobind Sarvar 3 rd Annual Sikh History Competition Package B PREVIEW

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1 Gobind Sarvar 3 rd Annual Sikh History Competition Package B PREVIEW Important Dates: Saturday May 17, 2014 Review/Info 7:00 pm Saturday May 24, 2014 Qualification 3:30 pm Saturday May 31, 2014 Main Event Game 6:30 pm Gobind Sarvar Today s Learner Tomorrow s Guide Street, Surrey, BC V4N 6G

2 Copyright Notice Group B: Born April March 2005 THIS IS A PREVIEW PACKAGE B ONLY. ACTUAL PACKAGE B CONTAINS 80 PAGES Sakhis: Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji to Sri Guru Arjun Dev Ji, and Glossary of Sikh Vocabulary This package has been developed with the generous support of sikschool.com and produced by Gobind Sarvar with the authorization of the publisher. Gobind Sarvar does not hold any copyrights for the below mentioned curriculum. All rights reserved by publisher (Sikhschool.com). If you have any questions please or contact the publisher directly at Published by: Sikschool.com, California USA Sikhya curriculum(c) (sikhschool.com) (2009) This book is published solely for non profit with the kind efforts of volunteers, qualified or experienced in the field of Sikh religion and Punjabi language. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without prior permission in writing of PUBLISHER, or as expressly permitted by law. Enquiries concerning reproduction should be sent to PUBLISHER, at Gobind Sarvar Sikh History Competition 2014 (Package B) Page 2 of 13

3 Gobind Sarvar Sikh History Competition 2014 (Package B) Page 3 of 13

4 Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji Date of Parkash: March 31, 1504 (vyswk vdi 1, 5 vyswk smmq 1561) Place of Parkash: Mattay Di Sarai, Muktsar Sahib Father's Name: Bhai Pheru Mal Ji Mother's Name: Mata Daya Kaur Ji Mahal (Wife): Mata Khivi Ji Sons: Baba Dasu Ji, Baba Datu Ji Daughters: Bibi Amaro Ji, Bibi Anokhi Ji Gurgaddi: September 3, 1539(4 A~sU smmq 1596) Joti Jot: March 29, 1552(3 vyswk smmq 1609) Calendar dates: English Calendar; Lunar calendar; Bikrami Calendar Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji s previous name was Bhai Lehna Ji. Bhai Lehna Ji s father, Bhai Pheru Mal Ji, was employed as the treasurer to the Governor of Ferozepur (i&rojpur). His mother s name was Mata Daya Kaur Ji. Bhai Pheru Mal Ji gave Bhai Lehna Ji a good education. At the age of fifteen, Bhai Lehna Ji married Bibi Khivi Ji in the village of Khadur. In 1524 AD, Bhai Pheru Mal Ji moved to Khadur and opened a store there. Bhai Pheru Mal Ji was a devout worshipper of the goddess Durga. Every year he would take other villagers with him to visit the goddess Durga s temple. After Bhai Pheru Mal Ji died in 1526, Bhai Lehna Ji started leading the group of villagers. In 1532, on his way to Jawala Ji, Bhai Lehna Ji decided to visit Kartarpur. He had heard from Bhai Jodh Ji that Guru Nanak Dev Ji lived there. He had heard Bhai Jodh Ji singing the Gurbani of Guru Nanak Dev Ji and wanted to meet Him. Bhai Lehna Ji decided to go to Jawala Ji via Kartarpur Sahib. When his party reached near Kartarpur Sahib, Bhai Lehna Ji asked them to wait at the nearby village, and He Himself rode towards Kartarpur Sahib to visit Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Gobind Sarvar Sikh History Competition 2014 (Package B) Page 4 of 13

5 The all-knowing (jwxi jwx) Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji came to the outskirts of Kartarpur Sahib to greet Bhai Lehna Ji. But Bhai Lehna Ji did not recognize Guru Nanak Dev Ji since he had never seen Guru Sahib before. Bhai Lehna Ji asked Guru Sahib the way to the Dharamsala (now known as Gurdwara Sahib) where Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji recited Gurbani. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji said, Please follow me. I am also going there." When they reached the door of the Dharamsala, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji said to Bhai Lehna Ji, "Please fasten your mare to the stake and go in through that door." When Bhai Lehna Ji entered the door, he was surprised to see that the One who had shown him the way earlier, was actually Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Bhai Lehna Ji felt sorry and fell at Guru Sahib s feet and said, It was my fault that l was riding and You were walking." As Bhai Lehna Ji placed his forehead on Guru Sahib s feet, he was blessed with Naam Simran and bliss. Guru Nanak Dev Ji asked, Bhai; what is your name?" Bhai Lehna Ji replied, "My name is Lehna." Guru Sahib said, "Bhai Lehna, you are to take (laina lyxw) and I am to give (dena dyxw). Bhai Lehna Ji was moved by Guru Sahib s charismatic and humble personality and could not sleep at night. Around midnight Bhai Lehna Ji noticed that a lady with extraordinary glow on her face was sweeping the floors at Guru Sahib s front yard - vyhvw. In curiousty, Bhai Lehna Ji asked the lady, Who are you? She smiled and said, Every year, you visit my shrines to seek my blessings, but you don t recognize me? I am the Goddess Durga. She continued further, Guru Nanak Dev Ji is the personification of Waheguru Ji. I get my powers by serving Him. Bhai Lehna Ji decided to give up everything and dedicate every breath of his life to Guru Nanak Dev Ji s seva. Gobind Sarvar Sikh History Competition 2014 (Package B) Page 5 of 13

6 Key Gurmat Message: Even though He was the Guru, Guru Nanak Dev Ji stayed humble. That can be seen in how He led Bhai Lehna Ji to His house without disclosing that He was Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Bhai Lehna Ji s Life as Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji s Sikh From the day he met Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Bhai Lehna Ji served Him day and night with deep love and devotion. Bhai Lehna Ji who now had become a Sikh wanted to stay permanently with Guru Sahib. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji advised him to go home for a few days and settle his household affairs before joining. Bowing to the command of Guru Sahib, he returned to Khadur. Bhai Lehna Ji informed his wife, Mata Khivi Ji, about his plans to serve Guru Sahib. He handed over his shop to his eldest son, Bhai Dasu Ji. After a few days, he left for Kartarpur Sahib with a large sack of salt on his head. Mata Khivi Ji asked, "Why don t you hire a laborer to carry the bundle of salt to Kartarpur Sahib?" Bhai Lehna Ji replied, "You can get the work done from a laborer, but it is better to do Seva (Guru s service) yourself." On reaching Kartarpur, Bhai Lehna Ji left the bundle of salt at Guru Sahib s home and went to the fields where Guru Sahib was supervising the work. The Sun was setting as he reached the fields. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji had three loads of fodder collected and tied up to be carried home for the cattle. Since it had rained in the afternoon, the fodder was wet and muddy. When Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji found the peasants unwilling to carry the bundles home, he asked his two sons. They, too, declined saying that they would send a servant to perform the task. At that moment Bhai Lehna Ji appeared on the scene. He picked up the bundles one upon the other and carried all three bundles to Guru Sahib s home. Bhai Lehna Ji's expensive clothes were completely soiled. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji's wife, Mata Sulakhni Ji, was unhappy to see a Bhai Lehna Ji treated in such a way. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji told her that the load was carried by one who was fit to carry it. She didn't seem to understand and Gobind Sarvar Sikh History Competition 2014 (Package B) Page 6 of 13

7 said, "See how his clothes have become dirty. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji responded, "It is not dirt, it is saffron. For a moment Mata Sulakhni Ji didn't believe her eyes. It was indeed saffron sprinkled all over Bhai Lehna Ji s dress! It is said that the three bundles that he carried represented the three authorities: the spiritual, the temporal, and the successor to carry Guru Jot, which were to fall on his shoulders shortly. Bhai Lehna Ji and Guru Ji s Requests In those days, handling dead animals, critters, or entering filthy areas was thought to be only the work of the outcasts, or Shuddras. Bhai Lehna Ji was from a higher Khatri caste. To remove the differences of caste and social status from the mind of Bhai Lehna Ji, Guru Sahib asked him to throw out a dead rat. Immediately, on hearing Guru Sahib s command, Bhai Lehna Ji threw the dead rat out. On another day, while returning after bathing, Guru Sahib threw the bowl (kolw) he was carrying into a dirty pond. Guru Sahib asked his sons, Sri Chand Ji and Lakhmi Das Ji, to retrieve it, but they refused to do so. Guru Sahib looked at Bhai Lehna Ji, who at once jumped into the dirty pond with his brand-new clothes on and took the bowl out. Key Gurmat Message: Bhai Lehna Ji was always following Guru Sahib's Hukam.He never questioned and never let his ego (haumai, hwaumy) get in the way. We should believe in Guru Sahib with the same devotion and faith, and always obey His Hukam. Gobind Sarvar Sikh History Competition 2014 (Package B) Page 7 of 13

8 Complete Surrender to Guru Nanak Dev Ji It was Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji s routine to get up early in the morning (after midnight; four hours before sunrise) and go bathe in the Ravi (rwvi) River. Guru Sahib was always accompanied by Bhai Lehna Ji, who was in charge of his clothes. It was winter with freezing wind blowing and hail beginning to fall. Bhai Lehna Ji endured the cold as if it had been the mildest weather. When Guru Sahib came out of the water at sunrise, He congratulated Bhai Lehna Ji on his endurance. Guru Sahib was very pleased with Bhai Lehna Ji s devotion and his commitment to Seva. Once, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji was holding a coin in his hand and asked the Sikhs, What is in my hand? Everyone responded that you have a coin in your hand. When Guru Sahib asked Bhai Lehna Ji, he said, Only you know what is in your hand, it is the whole universe and much more that I don t know. During one winter night, a portion of the compound wall in Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji s house collapsed due to the heavy rain. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji desired that the wall be fixed immediately, preferably that very night. Guru Sahib s sons thought it was a job for the masons, who would fix it the next morning. Bhai Lehna Ji volunteered to raise the wall as desired by his Master. Bhai Lehna Ji had hardly completed the job when Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji came and said, "It is all uneven." Bhai Lehna Ji demolished the wall and started doing it all over again. This time, too, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji was not satisfied. The wall was pulled down once again. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji s sons advised Bhai Lehna Ji not to obey unreasonable orders. But Bhai Lehna Ji would not listen to them. He obeyed his Master and started building the wall once more. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji was extremely pleased with Bhai Lehna Ji s devotion. Gobind Sarvar Sikh History Competition 2014 (Package B) Page 8 of 13

9 Once, an unusually large Sangat (congregation) had gathered and continuous rain fell for three days; it became impossible to light a fire or cook food. There was nothing to eat for the Sangat. Guru Sahib said to his elder son, Climb this kikar tree, shake it, and it shall rain fruit and sweets to satisfy thesangat. Sri Chand replied, Nothing can fall from the kikar but thorns or bitter fruit. Guru Sahib then addressed his other son, Climb this tree and shake it. Lakhmi Das questioned, Have sweets ever fallen from trees? Guru Sahib then told Bhai Lehna Ji to do what his sons had refused. Bhai Lehna Ji climbed the tree, shook it, and heaps of every imaginable form of Indian sweets fell down. When the Sangat had enjoyed the sweets and satisfied their hunger, they began to sing praises of Guru Sahib and his faithful disciple. Bhai Lehna Ji promptly explained that he did not have the power to do what had happened. It was all the miraculous effect of Guru Sahib's words. Guru Sahib, on hearing this, said, My words are profitable, but only those who obey them shall obtain the fruit thereof. It was then, for the first time, Guru Sahib's sons and many of His Sikhs realized the value of obedience. There were several other occasions when Guru Nanak Dev Ji tested the devotion of His Sikhs, including His own sons. Each time, it was Bhai Lehna Ji who was able to win Guru Sahib s blessings. It was because of this deep devotion towards Guru Nanak Dev Ji that Bhai Lehna Ji was chosen to succeed Him as the next Guru. Guru Jot at Khadur Sahib Guru Nanak Dev Ji was so pleased with Bhai Lehna Ji that He preferred to call him Angad, (ang means limb, referring to Bhai Lehna Ji as a part of Guru Nanak Dev Ji s body). On September 3, 1539, Guru Nanak Dev Ji seated Angad Dev Ji on His throne and placed Guru Jot into Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji. Waheguru Ji s Jot that came to this earth as Guru Gobind Sarvar Sikh History Competition 2014 (Package B) Page 9 of 13

10 Nanak Dev Ji now resided in Guru Angad Dev Ji. Then Guru Nanak Dev Ji asked Guru Angad Dev Ji to move from Kartarpur Sahib and make Khadur Sahib the new Sikh Center. Guru Sahib ordered Sikhs to go to Khadur Sahib to get Guru Nanak Jot s blessings and enlightenment. idqw Coif krqwrpur byit KfUry joiq jgwei] (BweI gurdws ji) (Guru Angad Dev Ji) left Kartarpur and spread His light (Guru Jot) while sitting at Khadur. Guru Angad Dev Ji came to Khadur Sahib, but He could not bear the physical separation of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Guru Angad Dev Ji went to his aunt's house at Khadur Sahib and instructed his aunt, Mata Sabhrai Ji, not to disclose his whereabouts to anyone. Guru Sahib shut himself in a room, and chose to stay in deep meditation. Days and months passed, Guru Angad Dev Ji continued to stay in the room, in bliss from the union with Waheguru Ji. Guru Nanak Dev Ji used to hold daily morning and evening Katha and Kirtan Diwans. Six month passed by, but the Sikhs still did not get to see their Guru Sahib. Lots of Sikhs visited Khadur Sahib, but they could not locate Guru Sahib. They went to Kartarpur Sahib but returned disheartened due to not finding him there. Gobind Sarvar Sikh History Competition 2014 (Package B) Page 10 of 13

11 One day, Sikhs requested Baba Budha Ji to reveal the Guru to them. Baba Budha Ji took the Sikhs with him to Khadur Sahib. He went straight to Mata Sabhrai Ji house. Mata Ji came forward to greet Baba Budha Ji and Sikhs. When Baba Budha Ji asked her about Guru Angad Dev Ji, she said nothing. Baba Budha Ji understood that Guru Sahib was at her home. Baba Budha Ji asked Sikhs to recite Guru Nanak Dev Ji s Gurbani and do Kirtan. As soon as Guru Angad Dev Ji heard Sangat reciting Gurbani, he came out of the room to join Sangat. Sikhs were delighted to see their Guru. When Guru Angad Dev Ji came out of His seclusion, the Sikhs saw in Him the same aura, the same characteristics, the same speech, as Guru Nanak Dev Ji. joiq Ehw jugiq swie sih kwieaw Pyir pltiay ] (sri guru grmq swihb ji, 966) They shared the same One Light and the same way; just the body changed. Baba Budha Ji requested Guru Angad Dev Ji, "There is no one who can guide the Sikhs. Please give audience to the Sikhs and guide them to the right path." Guru Angad Dev Ji accepted Baba Budha Ji s request. Guru Sahib selected an elevated site near Khadur Sahib and set up a Dharamsala (Gurdwara Sahib) there. Guru Sahib spread the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev Ji through daily Katha and Kirtan Diwans at Khadur Sahib. In the early morning hours, Guru Nanak Dev Ji's Shabads were sung in praise of God. Guru Sahib spread Guru Nanak Sahib's message of Naam, honest living, and of loving service to mankind. Gobind Sarvar Sikh History Competition 2014 (Package B) Page 11 of 13

12 Key Gurmat Message: All Guru Sahiban have the same light (Waheguru s Jot). Over time, the same Guru Jot has been transferred from one Guru Sahib to the next. In the present, the same Jot resides in Guru Granth Sahib Ji Maharaj. Gurmukhi Script Gurmukhi literally means from the mouth of the Guru." Gurmukhi is a script that is used to write the Punjabi Language. The Gurmukhi alphabet contains thirty-five letters. The Gurmukhi alphabet did not exist before Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Most commonly, the Punjabi language was written in the Landa script. The Landa script had no vowel sounds, which had to be imagined by the reader in order to make sense of the writing. Therefore, there was a need of a script which could faithfully reproduce the true meaning and message of the the hymns of the Gurus. Guru Angad Dev Ji modified or refined the Landa script to reflect pronunciation and tonal expressions, and developed what is known as Gurmukhi today. Gurmukhi has become the medium of writing the Punjabi language. QUESTIONS: Fill in the blanks with the correct words: Guru Sahib meditation Guru Granth Sahib Ji Waheguru s jot 1. Guru Sahib shut himself in a room, and chose to stay in deep. 2. All Guru Sahiban have the same Gobind Sarvar Sikh History Competition 2014 (Package B) Page 12 of 13

13 Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji s Love for Children body. Before the evening diwan, Guru Angad Dev Ji organized wrestling and other sports events entertainment and fitness of his devotees. He advised everyone to practical service and do honest labor. Guru Sahib himself always twisted strings, which were used weave cots. He listened to the problems of his devotees and advised solutions. Every day, Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji spent time with children. He, himself, taught children the Gurmukhi script after the morning diwan (prayers). He used to write primers for children with his own hands because there were no printing presses back then. Guru Sahib spent a lot of time with children and brought awareness about the importance of spiritual education, worldly education, and a strong for do to Key Gurmat Message: Guru Angad Dev Ji placed a lot of importance in education. He children to work hard at school and do well in their studies. wanted all Gobind Sarvar Sikh History Competition 2014 (Package B) Page 13 of 13

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