Sri Lanka International Buddhist Academy (SIBA) Department of Buddhist Studies Diploma in Pali

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1 1 Course overview Sri Lanka International Buddhist Academy (SIBA) Department of Buddhist Studies Diploma in Pali Pali language is accepted today as one of the major eastern classical languages. Its firm link with the Buddhism has caused to increase the enthusiasm in learning Pali into a great extent. Due to the interaction between Pali and Buddhist studies without proper knowledge in Pali language no one will be able to touch the heart of the Buddhist philosophy. The proposed Diploma course offers an introduction to the Pali grammatical components. The course is followed by a combination of grammar lessons, translations, grammatical and doctrinal analysis on selected texts. The Diploma course has been designed as a 30 credits course and it has been scheduled to be conducted 450 hours duration in three major divisions as Part I,II, and III. Each contains 150 hours. Entry Qualification Aims The minimum qualification required for enrollment: G.C.E O/L To teach basic and advanced grammatical components in Pali grammar in a broader discipline by paying special attention to the grammatical and doctrinal analysis of selected texts. Students will also be introduced to simple and complex Pali recitations. So that students will be able to accumulate knowledge on reading, writing and understanding in the Pali language plus, they will be able to follow the advanced grammatical components such as compounds, verb conjugations and passive voice sentence construction, in translating complex and advancedpali sentences into English and vice versa. Objectives Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to 1. Demonstrate the knowledge and understanding of concepts and principles of the area of study. 2. Interpret and explain advanced grammatical and simple literal components.

2 3. Make some judgments and apply the language in accordance with the basic theories and concept of the areas of study. 4. Communicate results of studies reliably. 5. Demonstrate skills in reading, understanding and analyzing given sentences. 6. Demonstrate quality and transferrable skills in literature review. 7. Carry out routine works under guidance. 8. Undertake further training and develop new skills within a managed environment 2

3 3 Curriculum Part I Module Module 01 Lesson Topics 01. Introduction to the utility of the Pali language 02. Alphabet 03. Noun declension Rewrite the given passages using diacritical marks. Group the given nouns according to its ending letter. Group following words on account of the long and shot pronunciation of "E" and "O" Hours Teaching Total Nine cases (Masculine a ending) Decline given nouns in all nine cases. Explain the main features of nouns. Write nine sentences as representing nine cases in Pali and translate those into Pali Write the case of underlined nouns 05. Verb conjugation [Parassapada (Bhuvādīgaṇa)] Do the exercise no 1.and no 2. in the new Pali course Vol. I List the given words as nouns and verbs

4 4 06. Present tense Future tense Exemplify the way of constructing verbs in Pali language. Explain the main features of verbs. Elaborate the functionalism of verbal termination Conjugate given verbs in present and future tenses Do the exercise no 3., 4. and 5. in The New Pali Course. Mark the subject and object of the sentences in above exercises 08. Past tense Give a short introduction to the distinctive characteristics of Past tense Conjugate the given verbs in Past tense. Do the exercise no 6 in Pali new course 09. Adjectives Adverbs Translate the given English sentences into Pali Translate the given Pali sentences into English Mark the adjectives and adverbs of the given sentences. 11. Application of nine cases in active voice sentences Do the exercise no 1-8 in PaliPremier.

5 5 Write the cases of underlined words 12. Feminine gender ( ā ending) Point out the differences in the masculine and feminine noun declensions Write the case and number of given noun Translate given English sentences into Pali Translate given Pali sentences into English 13. Neuter gender ( a ending) Points out the differences in the declensions of masculine and neuter gender nouns Translate given English sentences into Pali Translate given Pali sentences into English 14. Numbers Write the distinctive characteristics of the cardinal noun declensions. Create 25 simple sentences using cardinal nouns and translate those into Pali Translate given English sentences into Pali Translate given Pali sentences into English

6 6 Module Translate unseen and simple Pali citations in to English 16. Translate simple English citations in to Pali. Translate given Pali sentences into English Translate given English sentences into Pali Module Vandanāgāthā (Practice to recite and translating into English) 18. Mahāmaṅgalasutta (Practice to recite and translating into English) 19. Mettasutta (Practice to recite and translating into English) Name the cases in given words Separate the root and termination of given verbs. Mark the subject and object of given sentences Name the tense of given sentences Service project in a hospital or in an orphanage Meditation practice Total hours of Part I 150

7 7 Part 11 Module Number Module Prefixes Lesson topics Hours Teaching Total Explain the basic functions of prefixes with examples. Create twenty sentences using all prefixes Translate the given sentences into English Underline the prefixes in given sentences and explain its function accordingly its application 02. Combinations ranslate the given Pali passages into English Translate the given English sentences into Pali Name the combination of underlined words in given Pali passages Mark the combined words in Rathanasutta. Disjoin the given combined words and explain their euphonic functions. Write the advantages of combinations

8 8 03. Noun declension (all vowel endings of three genders) Conjugate given nouns in correct gender Translate the given Pali passages into English Translate the given English sentences into Pali Translate exercise no 11. and 12. in pali premier Translate exercise no 7-8 in the new Pali course 04. Pronouns Amha Tumha Translate the given Pali sentences into English Translate the given English sentences into Pali Create 20 sentences using pronouns and Translate those into Pali. 05. Gerunds Infinitives Do the exercise no in Pali new course Enlarge the given sentences adding appropriate gerunds and infinitives. Separate the gerundial suffixes of the given verbs.

9 9 07. Verb (seven gaṇas) Translate the given Pali passages into English Translate the given English sentences into Pali Give a short introduction to the functional value of conjugational sign Explain the distinctive characters of seven conjugations with examples 08. Imperative Mood Do the exercise no 15 in the Pali premier Explain the usages of imperative mood. Create 15 sentences exemplifying usages of Imperative Mood. 09. Optative mood Do the exercise no 15 in the Pali premier Do the exercise no 11 in the Pali new course Create 15 sentences explain the usages of optative mood with examples.

10 Module Translate unseen and complex Pali citations in to English 11. Translate complex English citations in to Pali. Do the exercise no in the Pali premier Translate first four passages of the PaliPāṭhāvali into English Module RatanaSutta ( practice to read and Translate into English) Read the sutta to be familiarize with the complex Pali pronunciation Give grammatical and doctrinal analysis on given terms. 13. TirokuḍḍhaSutta ( practice to read and Translate into English) Read the sutta to be familiarize with the complex Pali pronunciation. Give grammatical and doctrinal analysis on given terms

11 st story of Rasavāhinī( practice to read and Translate into English) nd story of Rasavāhinī( practice to read and Translate into English) Provide a word by word translation to the selected passages st story of the Dhamampadaṭṭhakathā nd story of the Dhamampadaṭṭhakathā Provide a word by word translation to the selected passages. 18. Service project (At a hospital, open prison or an orphanage) 19. Meditation Practice Total hours of Part II 150

12 Part III 12 Module no Module 01 Lesson Topics 1. Prepositions Join the given sentences using conjunct prepositions. Translate 4 th and 5 th passages in PāliPāṭhāvali into English. Underline the prepositions in those passages. Put those prepositions into proper categories. Translate given English sentences into Pali. Hours Teaching Assignment Total Compounds Translate the given Pali passages into English. Underlined the compounds words in given passages and write the name of the compound. Explain the differences between combinations and compounds. Write the compound words for given phrases. Give a substantial account on Samāsa. Translate given English sentences into Pali. 3. Noun declension: all pronounce and numbers in three genders Translate the given Pali passages into English Do the exercise no 17 and 21 in Pali new course. Do the excersice no in Pali premier Translate given English sentences into Pali

13 13 4. Present and Past Participles Do the exercise no 19 and 20 in the Pali new course Underlined the participles in Pali sentences and write their suffixes. 5. Verb conjugation in Kammani and attanopada Explain the different usages of Kammani and attanopada Translate the given Pali passages into English Translate given English sentences into Pali 6. Create Passive voice sentences Explain the way of creating passive verbs Explain the principles of passive sentence construction with examples. Do the exercise no in pali new course. 7. Present tense and Future tense Translate the given Pali passages into English Translate given English sentences into Pali Do the exercise no 11 in the new Pali course vo ii 8. Past tense Translate the given Pali passages into English.

14 14 Translate the given English sentences into Pali. Do the exercise no 12 in the new Pali course vo ii. Do the exercise no 13 in the new Pali course vo ii. 9. Perfect Past tense Translate the given Pali passages into English. Translate given English sentences into Pali. 10. Imperfect Past tense Translate the given Pali passages into English. Translate the given English sentences into Pali. Explain the different usages of Past, past perfect and past imperfect tenses. 11. Conditional tense Translate the given Pali passages into English. Translate the given English sentences into Pali. Do the exercise no in the new Pali course Vol. II. 12. Create Passive voice sentences Convert the given active voice sentences into Pali. Do the exercise no in the new Pali course Vo II. Underline the passive sentences in given passages and translate those into English.

15 Analysis of Pali sentences Enlarge the given sentences using appropriate enlargements and extensions. Translate the given Pali passages into English. Translate the given English sentences into Pali. Analyze the given sentences. Write an essay on given topic. 14. Pali clauses and Phrases Identify the phrases and clauses in given Passages. Translate the given Pali passages into English. Translate the given English passages into Pali using phrases and clauses. Module Translating unseen complex Pali citations in to English Translating passage no 6-10 in PaliPaṭhāvali Translating text 1-5 of A guide to the study of Pali language 16. Complex English phrases in to Pali. Translate given English passages into Pali

16 Module rd and 4 th stories of Rasavāhini List separately the combinations, compounds, gerunds, infinitive and participles in the stories. Rewrite the adjectives and adverbs in stories separately Translate the stories into English. Mark the phrases and clauses (Pali idioms) Ariyapariyesana sutta in the Majjhima nikāya List separately the combinations, compounds, gerunds, infinitive and participles in the stories. Give and doctrinal and grammatical analysis to the selected words. Mark the phrases and clauses (Pali idioms) Translate the sutta into English Write an essay on the importance of Ariyapariyesanasutta rd chapter of the Dhammapada List separately the combinations, compounds, gerunds, infinitive and participles in the stories. give and doctrinal and grammatical analysis to the selected words. Mark the phrases and clauses (Pali idioms) Give an introduction to the modern applicability of the Buddha's teaching on mind 20. service Project (At a hospital, open prison or an orphanage) Meditation Practice 3 3 Total hours of the part 150

17 17 Total Hours and Credits of the Course Part no Hours Credits Part no I Part no II Part no III Total Assessment Method Part I - Assignment 20% Assignment 20% Examination 60% Part II - Assignment 20% Assignment 20% Examination 60% Part III - Assignment 20% Prescribed Texts Assignment 20% Examination 60% Ven. Anurudhha, Kakkapalliye.,(2010), A guide to the study of Pali language, Honkong, centre of Buddhist studies. Ven. Anurudhha, Kakkapalliye.,(2007), Pali Idioms, Honkong, centre of Buddhist studies. Ven. Narada, ed., (2000), Dhammapada, Nadimala: Buddhist cultural centre. Ven. Buddhadatta, P., (2006), Palipāṭḥāvalī, Colombo, Buddhist cultural centre Ven. Sarada, W., (2005), Buddhist Pali Recitals, Taiwan, Corporate body of Buddha Educational foundation.

18 18 Suttanipāta(An available text in Pāli or in English). Opammavagga of Majjhimanikāya(An available text in Pāli or in English). Dhammapadaṭṭhakathā (An available text in Pāli or in English). Rasavāhini, (An available text in Pāli or in English). Recommended readings Adhikaram, E.W., (1947), Pali Reader, Colombo. Ven. Anadamaitriya, Balangoda., (1997), Pali Made Easy, Colombo: Buddhist cultural centre. Ven. Buddhadatta, P., (2006), The New PaliCourse, Vol II& III, Colombo: Buddhist cultural centre, De silva, Lily.,(1994), Pali Premier, India: Vipassana research institute. Jonson, Rune.,(1998), Pali Buddhist Texts, London: Roultage Curzon, Ven. Narada, (1952), An Elementary PaliCourse, (Available in Public Domain at: Dhramarakkhit, Bhikkhu, (1986),Pāli Vyākaraṇna, Varanasi: Gyānamaṇḍala Limited.

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