1 Lakeside Institute of Theology: Videos of the Windstar lectures will be posted as soon as possible after our return
2 Children of Abraham Wonders of Arabia Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Spring 2015
3 Wonders of Arabia: April Lectures April 25- Intro to the Wonders of Arabia April 26- Birthplace of Empires April 26- Faith & Culture in the ANE April 27- History and Culture of Oman April 27- Unity & Diversity in the Middle East 4/28- Salalah, Oman April 29- The Children of Abraham April 29- Moses, the Israelites & Crossing the Red Sea April 30- Introduction to Islam April 30- Alone in the Desert: Christian Monasticism
4 Father Abraham the world s first monotheist, and source of all three great monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
5 The Call of Abram: Genesis 12:1-5 The LORD had said to Abram, "Leave your country, your people and your father's household and go to the land I will show you. 2 "I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you." 4 So Abram left, as the LORD had told him; and Lot went with him. Abram was seventy-five years old when he set out from Haran. 5 He took his wife Sarai, his nephew Lot, all the possessions they had accumulated and the people they had acquired in Haran, and they set out for the land of Canaan, and they arrived there.
6 The 2 nd Call of Abram: Genesis 15:5-7 He took him outside and said, "Look up at the heavens and count the stars if indeed you can count them." Then he said to him, "So shall your offspring be." 6 Abram believed the LORD, and he credited it to him as righteousness. 7 He also said to him, "I am the LORD, who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans to give you this land to take possession of it."
8 Hagar Abraham Sarah Ishmael Isaac Jacob/Israel 12 Tribes of Ishmael (Arabic peoples +) 12 Tribes of Israel (Hebrew people) Muhammad Jesus
10 Key Dates in Abrahamic Religions c BC Civilization begins. c BC Abram obeys God and follows Him. Judaism c BC Moses is called, leads the Exodus from Egypt and receives the Law at Mt. Sinai, starting the Jewish faith. c BC Israelites enter Promised Land. c BC King David is 2 nd King of united Israel. c. 966 BC Solomon begins building the Temple. Christianity c. 6-4 BC Jesus, a Jew, is born in Bethlehem. c. 24 AD Jesus begins his ministry in Israel. c. 27 AD Jesus is crucified, but is resurrected and ascends into heaven. 321 AD Constantine legalizes Christianity.
11 Key Dates in Abrahamic Religions c BC Civilization begins. c BC Abram obeys God and follows Him. c BC Moses if given the Jewish Law. c. 970 BC King Solomon builds the temple in Jerusalem. c. 6 BC Jesus, a Jew, is born in Bethlehem. c. 27 AD Jesus is crucified, resurrected and ascended. 321 AD Emperor Constantine legalizes Christianity. Islam 570 AD Muhammad born in Mecca. 610 AD 1st revelation of Qur an to Muhammad. 622 AD Islam begins during migration to Medina. 632 AD Muhammad dies and successors ( caliphs ) launch military campaigns of expansion throughout the Mediterranean region.
13 Looking at Some Numbers Total World population: 7.3 billion Christians worldwide: 2.2 billion Muslims worldwide: 1.6 billion Hindus worldwide: 1.1 billion Buddhists worldwide: 488 million Sikhs worldwide: 28 million Muslims in Indonesia: 205 million Southern Baptists in US: 16 million Total number of Jews worldwide: 14 million, or 0.2% of the world population.
14 Looking at Some Numbers Total World population: 7.3 billion Christians worldwide: 2.2 billion Muslims worldwide: 1.6 billion Hindus worldwide: 1.1 billion Buddhists worldwide: 488 million Sikhs worldwide: 28 million Muslims in Indonesia: 205 million Southern Baptists in US: 16 million Total number of Jews worldwide: 14 million, or 0.2% of the world population. Yet Jews have received 22% of Nobel Prizes and are a major force in entertainment, medicine, law, and on and on.
15 Events in Creation of Jewish Monotheism c BC God speaks to Abraham (later to become Abraham) and calls him to follow Him, and so creates the People of God, the Hebrews. c BC God calls Moses to lead the Israelites out of captivity in Egypt, giving the Law through him, and so creates the Religion of Judaism BC God calls young David to become King of Israel, thus establishing the Nation of Israel.
16 Then Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him from the mountain and said, Although the whole earth is mine, 6 you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the words you are to speak to the Israelites." Exodus 19:3, 5-6
17 The Hebrew TaNaKh Torah ( Instruction ) Nevi im ( Prophets ) Ketuvim ( Writings )
18 Basic Jewish Beliefs (Ten Commandments Exodus 20:1-17) 1. You shall have no other gods before God. 2. You shall not make or worship any idols. 3. You shall not take the name of God in vain. 4. Remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy, doing no work on that day. 5. Honor your father and your mother. 6. Do not murder. 7. Do not commit adultery. 8. Do not steal. 9. Do not bear false witness against your neighbor. 10. Do not covet your neighbor s house or wife or manservant or maidservant or ox or anything else that belongs to your neighbor.
19 Basic Jewish Beliefs (Ten Commandments Exodus 20:1-17) 1. You shall have no other gods before God. 2. You shall not make or worship any idols. 3. You shall not take the name of God in vain. 4. Remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy, doing no work on that day. 5. Honor your father and your mother. 6. Do not murder. 7. Do not commit adultery. 8. Do not steal. 9. Do not bear false witness against your neighbor. 10. Do not covet your neighbor s house or wife or manservant or maidservant or ox or anything else that belongs to your neighbor.
20 Basic Jewish Beliefs (Maimonides' 13 Principles) 1. God exists, and is the Creator. 2. God is one and unique; there is none other like Him. 3. God is not physical. 4. God is eternal. 5. Prayer is to be directed only to God. 6. The words of the Prophets are true. 7. The prophecies of Moses are true. 8. The Torah was given to Moses. 9. There will be no other Torah. 10. God knows the thoughts and deeds of all. 11. God rewards the good and punishes the wicked. 12. The Messiah will come. 13. The dead will be resurrected.
22 Jewish Dates Leading Up to the 1 st Century 930 BC King Solomon dies; Kingdom is divided. 722 BC Assyria destroys Northern kingdom of Israel. 586 BC Babylonia destroys Southern kingdom of Judah; Babylonian Captivity & Jewish diaspora. 538 BC Persian King Cyrus lets the Jews return home to Jerusalem. 332 BC Alexander the Great conquers the Persian Empire and spreads the Greek language/culture. Judaism begins to split into more Hebraic Jews (Pharisees) and Hellenized Jews (Sadducees).
23 Jewish Dates Leading Up to the 1 st Century 930 BC King Solomon dies; Kingdom is divided. 722 BC Assyria destroys Northern kingdom of Israel. 586 BC Babylonia destroys Southern kingdom of Judah; Babylonian Captivity & Jewish diaspora. 538 BC Persian King Cyrus lets Jews return home. 332 BC Alexander the Great conquers the Persian Empire and spreads the Greek language/culture. Judaism begins to split into more Hebraic Jews (Pharisees) and Hellenized Jews (Sadducees). 63 BC Pompey conquers the region for Rome 39 BC Roman Senate makes Herod King of the Jews
24 Jewish Dates Leading Up to the 1 st Century 930 BC King Solomon dies; Kingdom is divided. 722 BC Assyria destroys Northern kingdom of Israel. 586 BC Babylonia destroys Southern kingdom of Judah; Babylonian Captivity & Jewish diaspora. 538 BC Persian King Cyrus lets Jews return home. 332 BC Alexander the Great conquers the Persian Empire and spreads the Greek language/culture. Judaism begins to split into more Hebraic Jews (Pharisees) and Hellenized Jews (Sadducees). 63 BC Pompey conquers the region for Rome 39 BC Roman Senate makes Herod King of the Jews 70 AD Jewish rebellion leads the Roman destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple, and the 2 nd Great Diaspora of the Jews.
25 Roman spoils from the Jerusalem Temple, 70 AD (from the Arch of Titus in Rome)
27 All things are mortal but the Jew; all other forces pass, but the Jew remains. What is the secret of his immortality? Mark Twain Jacob will again have peace and security, and no one will make him afraid. 11 I am with you and will save you, declares the LORD. 'Though I completely destroy all the nations among which I scatter you, I will not completely destroy you. I will discipline you but only with justice; I will not let you go entirely unpunished. Jeremiah 30:10-11
29 Jesus the Christ Messiah, Annointed One (c. 6 BC-27 AD)
31 Basic Christian Beliefs 1. There is one God, revealing himself in three persons (Holy Trinity) FATHER, SON (Jesus Christ) & HOLY SPIRIT a unity, sharing one substance. 2. God is all-knowing, all-powerful, and omnipresent. He created the world as distinct from Himself but is active within it as Creator, Sustainer and Sanctifier. 3. Jesus was and is the promised Messiah, the coeternal, divine Son of God; who became a human man, Jesus, but was fully God and fully man. 4. No one can earn God s mercy or become truly righteous, but one can receive forgiveness and mercy by accepting Jesus as God s Son who sacrificed himself on the cross to atone for human sins.
32 Growth of Christianity by AD 70 32
33 State of Christianity c.ad 565
34 Christianity Today Roman Catholicism Orthodoxy (Great Schism 11 th Century) Eastern Orthodoxy Oriental Orthodoxy, etc. Protestantism (Reformation - 16 th Century) Lutheran, Reformed, Anglican, Anabaptist, etc.
36 Prophet Muhammad AD
37 The Growth of Islam
39 Basic Beliefs of Islam Islam means submission, to Allah and His will. A Muslim is one who submits to Allah. Muslim life is more about orthopraxy (right action) rather than orthodoxy (right belief) based on the writings of the Qur an; sunnah (life example of Muhammad); and hadith (sayings of Muhammad and his companions). The revelation to Muhammad was in Arabic, considered the holy language.
40 The Five Pillars of Islam 1. Profession of Faith The Shehada: There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet. 2. Prayer Salah, 5 times daily facing Mecca; on Fridays in a mosque. 3. Generous almsgiving Zakat. 4. Fasting Sawm, especially during holy month of Ramadan. 5. Pilgrimage to Mecca Hajj, at least once in life.
42 Similarities and Differences All three Abrahamic faiths believe: There is only one true God (monotheistic). All life especially all people are made by God, who is the Creator and Sustainer of life. Social justice and concern for others is critical. They disagree regarding: The exact nature of God (esp. Christian Trinity). The nature of the human condition (original sin) The nature of the afterlife ( salvation ). Requirements for pleasing and satisfying God.
43 Lakeside Institute of Theology: Videos of the Windstar lectures will be posted as soon as possible after our return
52 Wonders of Arabia: May Lectures May 1- Lawrence of Arabia, Bedouins & WW1 May 2- Mysteries of the Nabateans & Petra May 2- The Permanence of Ancient Egypt May 3- Pharaohs, Temple & Tombs May 4-5- Safaga & Luxor, Egypt May 6- Sharm el Sheikk & St. Catherine s Monastery May 7- Aqaba, Jordan & Petra May 8- Hurghada, Egypt May 9- Suez Canal Transit May 10- The Crusades May 10- History, Culture & Conflict in the Middle East May 11- Alexander the Great & Hellenism May 11- Greece: Birthplace of Western Civilization
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