2 Islam in the Beginning and its Impact on the World
3 The word Islam means submission, signifying obedience to the rule and will of Allah. Allah is the only God of the Islamic religion. An individual who accepts the Islamic faith is a Muslim, meaning One who has submitted. During its first century, Islam reached far beyond the Arabian peninsula where it began, bringing Persia and parts of the Byzantine empire into its orbit. By the 8 th century, Islamic countries stood beside the Byzantine empire as a political and economic anchor of the postclassical world.
4 For a time Islamic society reflected the nomadic and mercantile Arabian society where it began, but eventually Muslims were inspired by other societies as well. After they conquered Persia, Muslims adopted Persian techniques of government and finance to administer their lands. Muslims also adopted Persian literature, science, and religious values. In later centuries, Muslims were inspired by Greek and Indian traditions.
5 Although it adopted values and customs from other societies, the Islamic faith transformed the cultural traditions that it absorbed. Islamic empires provided a political framework for trade and diplomacy over a vast portion of the eastern hemisphere, from west Africa to the islands of SoutheastAsia.
6 Many lands of varied cultural background became part of a larger society called dar al-islam, an Arab term that means house of Islam, referring to lands under Islamic rule. Islam had its beginnings in the Arabian Peninsula. Despite its arid conditions, human communities have occupied Arabia for thousands of years. Nomadic peoples known as Bedouin migrated through the deserts to find grass and water for their herds.
7 The Bedouin organized themselves into family and clan groups. In the harsh environment of the Arabian desert, cooperation with kin often made the difference between life and death. Bedouin peoples developed a strong sense of loyalty to their clans and these clan loyalties survived for centuries after Islam appeared.
8 Arabs held an important place in the long distance trade networks of the postclassical era. Commodities arrived on the Persian Gulf near modern Bahrain, the Arabian Sea near modern Aden and the Red Sea near Mecca and then traveled overland by camel caravan to Palmyra or Damascus which offered access to the Mediterranean basin. After the third century, Arabia became an increasingly important link in long distance trade networks.
9 As classical empires weakened, trade routes across central Asia became more insecure. Responding to this, merchants abandoned the overland routes in favor of sea lanes connecting with land routes in the Arabian peninsula. The prophet Muhammad was born into a world of nomadic Bedouin herders and merchants in 570. He came from a family of merchants in Mecca. Muhammad Ibu Abdullah lost both of his parents when he was a young child, and his grandfather and uncle raised and educated him.
10 As a young man, he married a wealthy widow named Khadja, about the year 595 and his marriage gained him a prominent position in Meccan society. She was the first of his four wives. By the time he was 30, Muhammad had established himself as a merchant and had made a comfortable life in Arabian society. His was a society where peoples of different religious and cultural traditions interacted with each other. Most Arabs believed in many deities and natural spirits and sought their favor through prayers and sacrifices.
11 Large communities of Jewish merchants also worked throughout Arabia, and many Arabs had converted to Christianity by Muhammad s time. About 610 as he approached age 40, Muhammad experienced a spiritual conversion that changed his life and left a deep mark on world history. After his conversion, Muhammad believed that there was only one true God, Allah, and that he ruled the universe. He believed that idolatry and recognizing other gods was wicked.
12 He thought that Allah would soon bring his judgment on the world. Muhammad saw visions that he believed were messages from Allah. In Muhammad s visions, the archangel Gabriel, also recognized by Jews and Christians as God s special messenger, told Muhammad to explain his faith to others. Muhammad followed Gabriel s instructions and began to share his faith with his family and close friends.
13 His faith gradually spread and by about 620 many citizens of Mecca had joined his circle. As the Islamic faith grew, the followers of Muhammad prepared texts of his teachings which they issued as the Quran (recitation), the holy book of Islam. The Quran is the definitive authority for Islamic religious doctrine and social organization. After the Quran are traditions known as the hadith, which includes sayings of Muhammad and accounts of his deeds.
14 The growing popularity of Muhammad s preaching clashed with the ruling elites at Mecca. His doctrine of one god offended many of the polytheistic Arabs and challenged traditions. Muhammad also presented an economic threat to the people who owned and profited from the many shrines and deities attracting pilgrims and deities to Mecca when he attacked idolatry. The pressure on Muhammad and his followers became so great that they fled Mecca in 622 and established themselves in Medina.
15 Muhammad and his follower s flight to Medina called the hijra or migration is the starting point of the official Islamic calendar. Muhammad organized his followers into a cohesive community called the umma or the community of the faithful and provided it with a comprehensive legal and social code. Muhammad led his followers in daily prayers to Allah and in battle with enemies at Medina, Mecca, and other places.
16 Muhammad also provided relief for widows, orphans, and the poor and he made almsgiving a prime and moral virtue. During his years at Medina, Muhammad began to refer to himself as the prophet, the final prophet that Allah would use to reveal his message to mankind. Muhammad accepted the authority of earlier Jewish and Christian prophets including Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, and he held the Hebrew scriptures and Christian New Testament in high esteem.
17 Muhammad also believed that Allah was the same as the Jews Yahweh and the Christians God. But Muhammad taught that the message that Allah entrusted to him was a more complete revelation of Allah and his will than Jewish and Christian faiths had formulated. Muhammad came to regard himself as the messenger who communicated Allah s wishes and his plan for the world to all humankind. He was regarded as the last prophet, or the seal of the prophets.
18 All through the years in exile at Medina, Muhammad and his followers planned to return home to Mecca. In 630 they attacked Mecca and conquered the city. They forced the authorities to adopt Islam and they imposed a government dedicated to Allah. They destroyed the shrines and replaced them with mosques. In 632 Muhammad led the Islamic pilgrimage to the Kaba, a large black rock considered to be the dwelling place of a deity.
19 He preserved the Kaba and its housing as a symbol of Mecca s greatness and established the pilgrimage of hajj as an example of all devout Muslims. By the time Muhammad died in 632, shortly after his hajj, Muslims had brought most of Arabia under their control. Muhammad s faith and leadership decisively shaped the values and development of the Islamic community.
20 The foundations of the Islamic faith are known as the Five Pillars of Islam. They are: 1. Muslims must acknowledge Allah as the only god and Muhammad as his prophet. 2. They must pray to Allah daily while facing Mecca. 3. They must observe a fast during the daylight hours of the month of Ramadan. 4. They must contribute alms for the relief of the weak and the poor. 5. Those who are physically and financially able must undertake the hajj and make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca.
21 In the centuries since its appearance, Islam has generated many schools and sects, but the Five Pillars of Islam make a powerful foundation that has bound the umma as a whole into a cohesive community of faith. Some Muslims have added jihad as an additional obligation of Islam. Jihad has many definitions. The term literally means struggle. In one sense jihad obligates Muslims to combat vice and evil. In another sense jihad calls on Muslims to struggle against unbelief by spreading the word and sword of Islam.
22 Islamic holy law, known as the sharia, emerged during the centuries afer Muhammad and offered detailed guidance on proper behavior in almost every aspect of life. Through the sharia, Islam became more than a religious doctrine it developed into a way of life. Mohammad did not provide for a successor and after his death, the umma disagreed about choosing a new leader. Muslims eventually united and embarked on a program of military expansion that extended its political and cultural influence far beyond the boundaries of Arabia.
23 Muhammad s successors chose Abu Bakr, one of his closest friends, as his successor or caliph (deputy), Bakr forced the people to recognize the faith of Islam and the rule of the caliph. During the century after Muhammad s death, Islamic armies carried their religion and authority throughout Arabia into Byzantine and Sasanid territories and beyond. Between 633 and 637, Muslim forces seized Byzantine Syria and Palestine and took most of Mesopotamia from the Sasanids.
24 During the 640s they conquered Byzantine Egypt and North Africa. In 651they conquered the Sasanid dynasty and incorporated Persia into their empire. In 711 they conquered the Hindu kingdom of Sind into northwestern India. Between 711 and 718 they extended their authority into northwest Africa and crossed the Strait of Gibraltar, conquering most of the Iberian peninsula and threatening the Frankish kingdom in Gaul.
25 By the mid 8 th century an immense Islamic empire ruled lands from India and the central Asian steppe lands in the east to northwest Africa and Iberia in the west. The Shia sect originated in disagreements over succession. It originated as a party supporting the appointment of Ali-a cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad and his descendants as caliphs. The Sunnis or traditionalists were the majority of Muslims. The Umayyad dynasty ranked among the most prominent of the Meccan merchant clans.
26 The Umayyad reputation and network of alliances helped them bring stability to the Islamic community. The Umayyad established their capital at Damascus in Syria. They ruled dar al-islam (the realm of Islam) as conquerors and their policies favored the Arab military aristocracy. Arabs mostly allowed conquered peoples to observe their own religions, but they levied a special head tax on those who did not convert to Islam.
27 Rebellion in Persia brought the Umayyad dynasty to an end during the 740s. The chief leader of the rebellion was Abu al Abbas, a Sunni Arab and a descendant of Muhammad s uncle. The Abbasid dynasty was the principal source of authority in the dar-al Islam until the Mongols toppled it in The Abbasid rulers did not show special favor to the Arab military aristocracy. Arabs played a major role in government, but Persians, Egyptians, Mesopotamians and others also arose to positions of power.
28 The Abbasid dynasty was also not a conquering dynasty. The Abbasids defeated a Chinese army at Talas River which ended the expansion of the Tang dynasty into central Asia and opened the door to the spread of Islam among Turkish peoples, but they did not often have armies on the march. The Islamic empire continued to grow during the Abbasid dynasty, but this was the force of autonomous Islamic forces rather than the policies of the caliphs.
29 The Abbasids contented themselves with administration which was a considerable challenge because the empire was a diverse mixture of linguistic, ethnic, and cultural groups. The Mongols extinguished the Abbasid dynasty in In the early Islamic world peasants tilled the land and manufacturers and merchants supported a thriving urban economy. The Umayyad and Abbasid empires created a zone of trade, exchange, and communication stretching from India to Iberia.
30 Travelers throughout the regions of Islam spread plants, animals, and agricultural techniques between peoples and regions. From India they brought sugarcane, rice, new varieties of sorghum and wheat, spinach and artichokes, oranges, bananas, coconuts and mangoes. They brought industrial crops like cotton, indigo, and henna. Increased agricultural production contributed to the rapid growth of cities in all parts of the Islamic world from India to Spain.
31 There were flourishing markets supporting thousands of artisans, craftsmen, and merchants. The cities were almost important centers of industrial production, especially of textiles, pottery, glassware, leather, iron and steel. Improved transportation, expanded banking services, and refined techniques of business organization resulted in a surge of long distance trade in the Islamic world. Muslim merchants dealt in silk and ceramics from China, spices and aromatics from India and southeast Asia and jewlry and fine textiles from the Byzantine empire.
32 There had been a patriarchal society in Arabia long before Muhammad, but Arab women did enjoy some rights. They could legally inherit property, divorce husbands on their own, and engage in business ventures. The Quran outlawed female infanticide, and it provided that dowries go directly to brides rather than to their husbands and male guardians. It portrayed women as honorable individuals and not the property of men and equal to men before Allah with their own rights and needs.
33 Muhammad set an example by being kind and generous to his wives. But for the most part the Quran and the sharia reinforced male dominance. The Quran and Islamic holy law recognized descent through the male line, and to guarantee proper inheritance, they placed a high premium on genealogical purity. They subjected the social and sexual lives of women to the strict control of their male guardians.
34 The Quran and the sharia permitted men to take up to four wives, but women could have only one husband. The Quran and the sharia provided a religious and legal foundation for a patriarchal soceity. The practice of veiling for women dates to the early 13 th century B.C.E., and long before Muhammad it had spread of Persia and the rest of the eastern Mediterranean.
35 Formal educational institutions helped promote Islamic values. Many mosques maintained schools that provided an elementary education and religious instruction. By the 10 th century, institution of higher education known as madrasas began to appear and by the 12 th century they had become established in the major cities of the Islamic world. The Sufis were mystic Islamic missionaries.
36 In lands ruled by the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties, large numbers of conquered peoples converted to Islam and they brought elements of their inherited cultural traditions into Islamic society.
Muhammad and His Message Name: Due Date: Period: Traditions & Encounters - Chapter 14: THE EXPANSIVE REALM OF ISLAM The religion of Islam emerged on the Arabian Peninsula in the seventh century C.E. as
I. Rise of Islam Origins: Arabian Peninsula Most Arabs settled Bedouin Nomads minority --Caravan trade: Yemen to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean Brought Arabs in contact with Byzantines and Sasanids Bedouins
1. Which of the following events took place during the Umayyad caliphate? a. d) Foundation of Baghdad Incorrect. The answer is b. Muslims conquered Spain in the period 711 718, during the Umayyad caliphate.
Name Chapter 10: The Muslim World, 600 1250 DUE DATE: The Muslim World The Rise of Islam Terms and Names Allah One God of Islam Muhammad Founder of Islam Islam Religion based on submission to Allah Muslim
Islam AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) Throughout most of its history, the people of the Arabian peninsula were subsistence farmers, lived in small fishing villages, or were nomadic traders
ISLAM AP World History Notes Chapter 11 The Homeland of Islam Originated on the Arabian Peninsula Had long been inhabited by nomadic Arabs = the Bedouins Located along important trade routes Indian Ocean,
The Rise of Islam The Arabian Peninsula Farming limited in Arabia Commerce lively Mecca, near Red Sea, most important of coastal towns Middle East: Climate Regions Fresh Groundwater Sources Mountain Ranges
The Rise of Islam Muhammad changes the world LOCATION Arabian Peninsula Southwest Asia, AKA the Middle East Serves as a bridge between Africa, Asia, and Europe, allowing goods and ideas to be shared. SOUTHWEST
Unit 8: Islamic Civilization Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.8 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the Islamic civilization from about 600 to 1000 AD by a) Describing the origin, beliefs, traditions,
THE ARAB EMPIRE AP World History Notes Chapter 11 The Arab Empire Stretched from Spain to India Extended to areas in Europe, Asia, and Africa Encompassed all or part of the following civilizations: Egyptian,
The Expansive Realm of Islam (Chapter 14) Overview The religion of Islam emerged on the Arabian Peninsula in the seventh century C.E. as a result of the vision and the teachings of Muhammad. His message
Foundations of World Civilization: Notes 21 Islam Copyright Bruce Owen 2009 We left the Mediterranean world with the fall of the western Roman empire the last nominal emperor of the Western Roman empire,
1. Which of the following events took place during the Umayyad caliphate? a. d) Foundation of Baghdad b. c) Establishment of the Delhi sultanate c. a) Crusader conquest of Jerusalem d. b) Conquest of Spain
The rise of the Islamic Empire 600-1250 The Rise of Islam The Arabian Peninsula is a crossroads of 3 con@nents: Africa, Europe and Asia Trade routes connected Arabia to many areas such as Byzan@ne, Persian,
Chapter 8, Part I 224-651 1 3 rd century Iran Established by Ardashir Last pre-islamic heir to Persian Empire Successful maintenance of empire Money and military Hired Arab nomads to help protect borders
THE ISLAMIC WORLD THROUGH 1450 Settle in this is going to be a long one Pre-Islamic Bedouin Culture Well-established on the Arabian Peninsula, mostly nomadic, tribal, and polytheistic The Sheikh was the
Economy and Society of the Early Islamic World ( Pages 358-370) NOTE: dar al-islam is an Arabic term meaning the house of Islam and it refers to lands under Islamic rule The Umayyad and Abbasid empires
Islam Outcomes: The Rise of Islam & Beliefs of Islam Constructive Response Questions 1. How was the development of Islam similar & different to Christianity? 2. Describe the core beliefs of a Muslim: What
ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS 600-1000 A.D. ISLAM VOCAB Muhammad the Prophet- the founder of Islam Islam- monotheistic religion meaning submission Muslim- followers of Islam Mecca- holy city to Arab people located
Islam 1 1. Compare and contrast the development of Christianity & Islam. 2. Describe the core beliefs of a Muslim. 2 1. Origin of Islam 2. Core beliefs of Islam 3. Connections to Judaism & Christianity
Muslim Civilizations Muhammad the Prophet Born ca. 570 in Mecca Trading center; home of the Kaaba Marries Khadija At 40 he goes into the hills to meditate; God sends Gabriel with a call Khadija becomes
[ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq [ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq Learning Objectives Describe the civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia. Explain the origins and beliefs of Islam, including the significance
Chapter 10 Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Section 1 The Byzantine Empire Capital of Byzantine Empire Constantinople Protected by Greek Fire Constantinople Controlled by: Roman Empire Christians Byzantines
ISLAM Warmup Islam is a monotheistic religion. What does monotheistic mean? Belief in one god Agenda Warmup Islam PPT & Notes Venn Diagram Islam, Christianity, Judaism Pre-Islamic Arabia Pre-Islamic Arabia
The Islamic World and Africa Chapter 9 Rise of Islam Due to warfare between the Byzantine and Persian empires trade land routes were changed. Sea routes were now used, connecting India with Arabian Peninsula
ISLAM THE FIRST TRANS- REGIONAL CIVILIZATION CURRENT MUSLIM WORLD PRE-ISLAMIC ARABIA The Arabian peninsula Largely deserts with mountains, oases Fertile areas in the southern mountains around Yemen Nomadic
THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I MUHAMMAD THE PROPHET From Mecca in modern day Saudi Arabia Muhammad was a middle aged merchant who claimed the Angel Gabriel asked him to recite the word of God. As a Merchant,
I. The Rise of Islam A. Arabs come from the Arabian Peninsula. Most early Arabs were polytheistic. They recognized a god named Allah and other gods. 1. Mecca and Muhammad Mecca was a great trading center
The Rise of Chap. 13 Lesson 2 OBJECTIVES Explore the development and spread of Islam. Evaluate how trade affected Muslim ideas. Identify Muslims achievements. Key Content Most people on the dry Arabian
THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I MUHAMMAD THE PROFIT From Mecca in modern day Saudi Arabia Muhammad was a middle aged merchant who claimed the Angel Gabriel asked him to recite the word of God As a Merchant
Islamic World Standard: Trace the origins and expansion of the Islamic World between 600 CE and 1300 CE. Essential Question: What were the origins and expansion of the Islamic World? Islam Element: Explain
Objectives Understand how Muhammad became the prophet of Islam. Describe the teachings of Islam. Explain how Islam helped shape the way of life of its believers. Terms and People Bedouins nomadic herders
Lesson 2 The Arab Empire and the Caliphates ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS How can religion influence the development of an empire? How might religious beliefs affect society, culture, and politics? Reading HELPDESK
Question of Periodization Periodization: AP World History is broken into six chronological periods of study. Period 3(Ch9-16): Regional and Transregional Interactions, c. 600CE to 1450 CE (20% of AP Exam)
Name NOTES: Unit 3 -Chapter 9: The Islamic World and Africa Introduction In this chapter you will learn about developments in the during the. Important Ideas A. Mohammed founded in the seventh century.
Chapter 13: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia Chapter 14: The Expansive Realm of Islam 1. How is the rise of neo-confucianism related to the increasing popularity of Buddhism? Can you think of other
600 CE 800 CE Name: Due Date: Unit III: The Postclassical Period, 500-1450: New Faith and New Commerce & Chapter 6 Reading Guide The First Global Civilization: The Rise of Spread of Islam THE CHRONOLOGY
THE RISE OF ISLAM Arabia before Muhammad Arabian Origins By 6 th century CE = Arabic-speakers throughout Syrian desert Arabia before Muhammad Arabian Origins By 6 th century CE = Arabic-speakers throughout
Abraham s Genealogy 100-1500 HAGAR Islam-Quran ABRAHAM Judaism-Torah SARAH Ishmael Isaac 12 Arabian Tribes Jacob/Israel Esau Muhammad (the last prophet) Quran and the Five Pillars of Islam Mecca (Muslims)
Name: Due Date: #4.8 The Spread of Islam Aim: How did Islam spread throughout the world? REVIEW: The Religion of Islam The religion of Islam began in the Arabian Peninsula in the A.D. 600s by a man named
What Muslims Believe Islam is a religion, believing in only one God. The Arabic word for God is The holy book for Muslims is the (also spelled Qu ran), which contains the rules for the religion revealed
Islamic Religion What is Islam? Second largest religion in the world 1.2 Billion Muslims (20% of earth population) Began in modern day Saudi Arabia Based on beliefs on Jews & Christians Abraham is first
Chapter 11 The Worlds of Islam Afro-Eurasian Connections, 600 1500 CHAPTER LEARNING OBJECTIVES I can examine the causes behind the spread of Islam I can explore the dynamism of the Islamic world as the
Section 1 DIRECTIONS Answer each question by writing a sentence that contains at least one word from the word bank. Muslims Muhammad Five Pillars of Islam jihad 1. Identify the person who declared himself
N. Africa & S.W. Asia Chapter #8, Section #2 Muhammad & Islam Mecca Located in the mountains of western Saudi Arabia Began as an early trade center Hub for camel caravans trading throughout Southwest Asia
Chapter 9: Islam & the Arab Empire, 600 1000 Lesson 1: The First Muslims World History Bell Ringer #39 11-28-17 Write down what you know about Islam in the lines provided below. It Matters Because Early
SSWH 5 Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD. SSWH 5 A Explain the origins of Islam and the growth of the Islamic
World Civilizations The Global Experience AP Seventh Edition Chapter 7 The First Global Civilization: The Rise and Spread of Islam Figure 7.1 The graceful horseshoe arches of the Great Mosque at Córdoba
Muslim Civilization Section 1 Muslim Civilization Section 1 Click the icon to play Listen to History audio. Click the icon below to connect to the Interactive Maps. Muslim Civilization Section 1 Main Idea
Rise and Spread of Islam I. Byzantine Regions A. Almost entirely Christian by 550 CE B. Priests and monks numerous - needed much money and food to support I. Byzantine Regions C. Many debates about true
CHAPTER 9 The Worlds of Islam: Afro-Eurasian Connections 600 1500 CHAPTER LEARNING OBJECTIVES To examine the causes behind the spread of Islam To explore the dynamism of the Islamic world as the most influential
According to the introduction by Strayer, what are the reasons Islam has become more noticeable in the United States? Provide evidence that supports the following statement: The significance of a burgeoning
Islamic Empires Expansion Many clan fought each other Clans were unified under Islam Began military attacks against neighboring people Defeated Byzantine area of Syria Egypt Northern Africa Qur an permitted
Unit Three The Middle East and Asia in the Medieval Age The Rise of Islam Chapter 10 Rise of Islam - Terms 1. Muhammad born into a powerful Meccan family, spent time alone in prayer & meditation; at the
Chapter 6 Fill-in Notes THE BYZANTINE AND ISLAMIC EMPIRES Overview Roman Empire collapses in the West The Eastern Roman Empire became known as the Empire a blending of the and cultures which influenced
Name: Date: Period: WHI08: Islam and WHI10: Africa WHI08 The student will demonstrate knowledge of Islamic civilization from about 600 to 1000 AD by a) describing the origin, beliefs, traditions, customs,
Big Idea Islam emerges in the Arabian Peninsula. Essential Question What are the beliefs of Islam? 1 Words To Know Islam a monotheistic religion that emerged in the Arabian Peninsula (Middle East) in the
Main deas 1. Muslim armies conquered many lands into which slam slowly spread. 2. Trade helped slam spread into new areas. 3. A mix of cultures was one result of slam's spread. 4. slamic influence encouraged
The World Of Islam By: Hazar Jaber Islam : literally means Submission, Peace. Culture Politics Why is it complicated? The story how it all began Muhammad (pbuh) was born in Mecca (570-632 AD) At age 40
SSWH 5 Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD. Vocabulary Islam - a monotheistic religion that originated from
The Umayyad Dynasty Brett Coffman Liberty High School AP World History The death of Muhammad Muhammad died in 632. Set off a problem that exists today the succession of the Islamic state Caliph Islamic
SSWH 5 Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD. Vocabulary Islam - a monotheistic religion that originated from
Name: Due Date: Unit III: The Postclassical Period, 500-1450: New Faith and New Commerce & Chapter 6 Reading Guide The First Global Civilization: The Rise of Spread of Islam THE WORLD MAP CHANGES 1. The
As I Enter Think about: Holy Quotes! You decide- is it from the bible, the Torah, or the Quran? Agenda: Notes on Islam Notes on Judaism Jerusalem Timeline Quotations from Holy Books Determine whether the
Chapter 4: The Spread of Islam Objectives of this Unit: You will learn how Islam spread initially after Muhammad s death. You will learn how conquest and trade led to the spread of Islam, blending of cultures,
Lesson 1 A New Faith ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do religions develop? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography influence the Arab way of life? 2. What message did Muhammad preach to the people of Arabia?
The Islamic Religion Distribution and Diffusion of Islam Spread out of Medina through military conquest and relocation diffusion. Concentrated in the Middle East, Iberian Peninsula, and Northern Africa.
Islamic Economy and Society The Spread of New Crops and Agricultural Experimentation: Diplomats, merchants, and other persons of importance often encountered plants, animals and agricultural techniques
G E O G R A P H Y C H A L L E N G E The Arabian Peninsula and Surrounding Lands 20 W 0 20 E FRANCE 40 N W SPAIN Cordoba N E Rome Tripoli Constantinople Athens Alexandria Cairo EGYPT Samarkand Antioch PERSIA
Mk 2018 The Rise of the Arab Islamic Empire 622AD - 1450 610AD The Arabian Peninsula: Muhammad, age 40 has visions and revelations he claimed came from God. These revelations were written down by friends.
Period 3 (Solberg APWH) REGIONAL AND TRANSREGIONAL INTERACTIONS C. 600-1450 TRADE ROUTES GET BIGGER & BETTER! Old trade routes keep on getting more extensive as transportation & tech improve Powerful trading
Islam, the Quran, and the Five Pillars All Without a Flamewar: Crash Course World History #13 Today we re going to talk about Islam, which like Christianity and Judaism grew up on the east coast of the
Islam in Arabia The Religious Homeland How/Why did Islam arrive in Arabia? The era of the prophet Muhammad lasted from 570-632, who spread his word of God, initially, to the people of Mecca before being
Warmup What does Islam mean? Submission to the will of Allah Agenda Warmup Is this in Africa? Game PPT & Notes Test = November 29 th (after Thanksgiving) Homework: Mongol Empire Notes PPT is on my website
Southwest Asia s Prominent Religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Sunni & Shia) Standards SS7G8 The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southwest Asia (Middle East).
Islamic Civilization Overview No strict separation between religion and state; human beings should believe and behave in accordance with the commandments of Islam; Questions of politics, economics, civil
Islam These are the faiths we ve learned: Judaism Christianity Hinduism Buddhism Old Testament (Torah) Old & New Test. (Bible) Vedas Yahweh (God) God Brahman Brahman Moses Jesus avatars (Vishnu) Buddha
Three world religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are major world religions. They are all examples of monotheism, or the belief in one supreme god. Judaism It is the
Women & Men in Early Islam BACKGROUND The Arabian peninsula was divided into two different groups called the Southerners and the Arabs. The Southern Sedentary Saba -Speak their own semitic language -Consisted
The Expansive Realm of Islam _ 1.irepasomPit A Prophet and His World Muhammad and His Message Muhammad's Migration to Medina The Establishment of Islam in Arabia The Expansion of Islam The Early Caliphs