1 THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION 500 YEAR ANNIVERSARY OCTOBER 31, OCTOBER 31, 2017
2 The Reformation October 31, 1517 What had happened to the Church that Jesus founded so that it needed a reformation? Let s take a brief overview of the history of the Christian Church and note what factors led up to the Reformation, what happened in the Reformation, and what are the results that impact Christians today.
3 The New Testament Church c. AD (first century) Jesus, Peter, John and Paul Christianity spreads from Jerusalem, to Judea, to Samaria and to parts of the Roman Empire including Rome. The apostle Paul
4 The Early Church (Patristic Period c. AD ) Key locations of Christianity at the beginning of this period: Antioch (Cappadocia) in Asia Minor (Greek speaking) Alexandria in North Africa (Greek speaking) Carthage in North Africa (Latin speaking)
5 Key theologians Justin Martyr - AD NT canon Irenaeus - AD four Gospels Tertullian - AD Trinitarian terms Athanasius - AD Trinity and Trinitarian theology; recognized 27 books of NT canon Athanasius
6 Key theologians & events Augustine of Hippo - AD Emperor Constantine - AD legalizes Christianity Council of Nicaea - AD 325 affirms Trinity doctrine and recognizes preeminence of bishops of Alexandria, Antioch and Rome AD 330 Constantine moves imperial residence to Constantinople (the new Rome ) Augustine
7 Leo I Bishop of Rome c. AD , Leo I argued for Petrine supremacy and primacy of church at Rome church at Rome ~ 30,000 members Emperor Valentinian III backs Leo I Leo I takes title Pontifex Maximus
8 Council of Chalcedon (AD 451) Affirmed that Jesus was fully human and fully divine Decided that the Bishop of Rome and the Bishop (Patriarch) of Constantinople were equal in the leadership of the catholic (universal) church Jesus: one person, two natures
9 Dark Ages (c. AD ) Rome besieged by Goths and Vandals By 11 th century, Islam controlled much of the Mediterranean world Remainder of Christianity (catholic church) now centered in the Byzantine Empire in the East (under the Bishop of Constantinople) and in Rome in the West (under the Bishop of Rome) Competition for authority grows between these two dominant bishops
10 Middle Ages (c. AD ) AD 1054: great chasm (split) between the catholic church in the East and the catholic church in the West Primary reason = authority of bishop (Pope) in West vs. bishop (Patriarch) in East Also theological: West tended to follow Augustine (Latin), and placed great emphasis on tradition and papal authority in all matters East tended to follow early church Fathers (Greek) Also political, geographical, and linguistic reasons
11 The Renaissance (re-birth) c. AD In Western Europe, a revival of learning in the arts architecture, culture, philosophy, etc. (supposedly separated the Middle Ages from the Modern period). Primarily a revival of classical Latin and Greek literature to be read and studied in their original languages.
12 The Renaissance and the Reformation The emphasis on reading ancient texts in their original languages included reading biblical texts in Hebrew and Greek and comparing that to the extant Latin translations.
13 The Renaissance and the Reformation The result was a realization that the Latin Vulgate translation of the Bible could not be trusted. In addition to reading ancient biblical texts in their original languages, reading the early Church Fathers in Greek led to the realization that some practices, doctrines, and theology of the Church in the West were in error. A reform in practice, doctrine, and theology was apparently necessary.
14 Factors contributing to the Reformation Realization that the church had developed biblical, doctrinal and theological errors The growing availability of paper and the invention of the printing press making the Bible and religious instruction available to the common people. Sale by the church of indulgences with which to obtain justification and get the dead out of Purgatory. Widespread corruption and immorality among clergy.
15 Factors contributing to the Reformation Common practice of simony purchasing an appointment as a priest or bishop without having any qualifications for the position. Rise of nationalism as countries (esp. Germany) became wealthier and local rulers wanted independence from the Pope and Emperor.
16 How did the Reformation begin? Though many factors were leading to a reformation in the church, the event that is credited for beginning the Reformation occurred on October 31, 1517.
17 How did the Reformation begin? Martin Luther ( ), a German professor of theology at the University of Wittenberg, a composer, monk and priest posted his 95 theses on the door of the All Saints Church.
18 How did the Reformation begin? Luther argued that the Pope had erred in selling indulgences and in teaching that justification could be purchased by buying the excess good works of the dead saints and thus getting yourself when you die, or a dead friend, out of purgatory and into heaven by virtue of the purchased good works of others.
20 How did the Reformation begin? Though Luther had made known his objections to other doctrines of the Pope, they were overlooked. Indulgences were a major fundraiser for the Pope and he needed the income to finish building St. Peter s basilica in Rome. Luther was branded a heretic and excommunicated.
21 How did the Reformation begin? Luther faced death for his heresy. But the princes of Germany supported him and offered protection. The princes and others in Germany protested to the Pope regarding his actions toward Luther. The Pope responded that they were just a group of protestants. Thus the movement to reform the church became known as the Protestant Reformation and those who participated in calling for reformation became forever known as Protestants.
22 Major figures of the Reformation Martin Luther ( ) instigator of the Reformation in Germany - Lutheran Church Huldreich Zwingli ( ) Zurich, Switzerland - Reformed Church John Calvin ( ) Geneva, Switzerland - Calvinists, Reformed Church, Presbyterian church, Particular Baptist church John Calvin
23 Major figures of the Reformation Henry VIII ( ) English Reformation - Church of England, Anglicans, Episcopalians, Puritans, Separatists, Congregationalists, General Baptists, Methodists, Salvation Army, Pentecostals
24 Henry VIII The reasons Henry VIII led the church in England to separate from the Pope were different from those of the European reformers. However, most historians accept that the Church of England that emerged from Henry s break should be included under the term Protestant. Not all would agree. However, most of the groups that have evolved from the Church of England generally would be considered Protestant.
25 Basic tenets of the Reformation While the European Reformers did not agree on every point of doctrine, there were some basic tenets of belief on which they insisted in contradistinction to the Papal teaching. Sola scriptura the Bible only (not tradition) as authoritative source of doctrine and teaching in the Church Sola gratia grace only not justified by merit Sola fide faith only justified by grace through faith, not works
26 Basic tenets of the Reformation Added later: Solus Christus Christ only no other means of salvation; priesthood of all believers; no veneration of Mary, angels, saints, etc. Soli Deo Gloria God s glory only the purpose of human life
27 Some results of the Protestant Reformation All Protestant churches today descend in one way or another from the Reformation period and the various Christian leaders of this time. Early in the 2 nd century Christians began to refer to themselves as the catholic [universal] church. The Great Creeds of the Church (Niceno- Constantinoplitan AD 381, and the Apostles Creed AD 390) refer to the Christian belief in one holy catholic and apostolic church
28 Some results of the Protestant Reformation Over time, the one holy catholic church became referred to as the catholic church in the East and the catholic church in the West. In AD 1054 the split became official with the leadership of the Patriarch of Constantinople in the East and the Pope of Rome in the West.
29 Some results of the Protestant Reformation The church in the East emphasized that, unlike the church in the West, it had remained faithful to the teachings of the Apostles and early Church Fathers and that it was orthodox (right-thinking, right doctrines). In time, it became known at the Orthodox Catholic Church and then simply as the Orthodox Church.
30 Some results of the Protestant Reformation The church in the West continued to call itself the Catholic Church. During the English Reformation and the reign of Henry VIII, the Protestant Christians in England began using derogatory terms against the Pope and his Roman Church. The term stuck and the catholic church in the West became known as the Roman Catholic Church.
31 Some results of the Protestant Reformation The Christians who became known as Protestants have today multiplied into many different denominations. Having originated in Europe, then spread to the American Colonies, Protestantism now exists throughout the world and continues to grow. All groups holding to the five basic tenets of the Protestant Reformation owe their spiritual heritage to the age of the Protestant Reformation and to the Christian leaders of that era.
TODAY S SCRIPTURE FOCUS: Romans 5:12-2121 THE BRIDE & BODY OF CHRIST Part IV 09/18 Introduction 09/25 Catholicism (Catholic & Orthodox Churches) 10/02 Protestantism (Lutheran Church) 10/09 Reformed (Presbyterian
To help protect y our priv acy, PowerPoint prev ented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable
TODAY S SCRIPTURE FOCUS: Mark 2:1-1212 (Matthew 9:1-8) THE BRIDE & BODY OF CHRIST Part III 09/18 Introduction 09/25 Catholicism (Catholic & Orthodox Churches) 10/02 Protestantism (Lutheran Church) 10/09
The Protestant Reformation (1450-1565) Key Concepts End of Religious Unity in the West. Split from the medieval church its traditions, doctrine, practices and people Not the first attempt at reform, but
The Protestant Reformation Gutenberg s Printing Press The Gutenberg Printing Press led to a rise in literacy throughout Europe and the mass printing of the Bible More European Christians could then read
DISCOVERING THE BIBLE & OUR BIBLICAL HERITAGES Learning about the histories of Bibles, beliefs, movements, institutions, events, and leaders of our Judeo-Christian Biblical Heritages. 2013 NUMBER 6 Have
Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation Objectives: Students will learn about the criticisms of the Roman Catholic Church, and how this led to a religious movement called the Protestant Reformation.
hristian Beliefs and Modern History Let s Break It Down Scriptures Beliefs Denominations Practices Old Testament v. New Testament Old Testament Basically the TaNaKh or Hebrew Bible New Testament The Four
Part Two October 31 st marks the 500 th anniversary of the beginning of the Protest Reformation. It was on that day in 1517 that Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the door of the church in Wittenberg,
Learning Goal 3: Describe the major causes of the Reformation and the political, intellectual, artistic, economic and religious effects of the Reformation. (TEKS/SE s 1D,5B) New Ideas of the Renaissance
Historical and Theological Contours of the Reformation CLASS 1 - INTRODUCTION OCTOBER 1, 2017 Introduction to the Reformation Historical background & contributing factors Societal, political, cultural,
Effects of the Renaissance Objectives for Reformation: Led to advancements in Science (Copernicus, Galileo) Led to world exploration (1492 Columbus sailed to the new world Art and literature is forever
THE REFORMATION Outcome: Martin Luther and the Reformation Constructive Response Question 4. Identify the reasons that drove Martin Luther to write the 95 Theses and describe the outcome of the action.
Protestant Reformation WHII.3 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the Reformation in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) explaining the effects of the theological, political, and economic
History of Christianity Christian history begins with Jesus of Nazareth, a Jew who was born in a small corner of the Roman Empire. Little is known of his early life, but around the age of 30, Jesus was
Unit III: Reformation, Counter Reformation, and Religious Wars I. The Protestant Reformation A. Causes of the Reformation 1. Crises of the 14 th and 15 th centuries hurt the prestige of the clergy a. Babylonian
A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by: www.cainaweb.org Early Church Growth & Threats (30-312 AD) Controversies and Councils Rise of Christendom High Medieval Church Renaissance to Reformation
The Protestant Reformation and its Effects 1517-1618 Context How had the Christian faith grown since its inception? What role did the Church play in Europe during the Middle Ages? How had the Church changed
Lecture - The Protestant Reformation A. Causes of the Protestant Reformation Basis - not a single event but a combination of events 1. Relationship with the Renaissance * people began to question the authority
The Reformation A movement for religious reform Luther Leads the Reformation Essential Question: What effect did Luther s protest have on religion and on society? Causes of the Reformation Luther Challenges
The Protestant Reformation 1517-1648 The Protestant Reformation Caused by a questioning (protest) of the Church in Northern Europe i. The selling of indulgences a. $$$ for pardoning of sins Purgatory during
The Protestant Revolt and the Catholic Reformation Chapter Five 1517 - Martin Luther posted a list on the door of his church in Wittenburg, Germany 95 things about the Roman Catholic Church that troubled
What is religion? What is religion? Something people believe in e.g. a god, gods, godesses, prophets Rules Organised groups, communities, organisations Place of worship Feast days, celebrations, rituals
The Five Solas Of The Reformation THE REFORMATION AT 499 Martin Luther Nailed It (Oct 31, 1517) The Reasons For Luther s Protest Indulgences = contribute to a worthy causes and the church of Rome offered
The Protestant Reformation An Intellectual Revolution Background Causes of the Protestant Reformation Renaissance ideals of secularism & humanism spread by the newly invented printing press encourage challenges
MARTIN LUTHER Reformer TRINITARIAN BIBLE SOCIETY Reformation quiz Senior Section Suggested age range 12 16 years; parents and teachers, please feel free to assign whichever version of the quiz you think
Roman Catholic Church A Brief History part 2 The Growing Power of the Papacy Pope Gregory the Great 590-604 First monk to become a pope Under his reign, the power of the Roman Church and it s wealth grew
MARTIN LUTHER AND THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION I. The Protestant Reformation A. Abuses in the Roman Catholic Church 1. Popes constantly fighting powerful kings 2. Popes live a life of luxury a. Become patrons
The Reformation in Europe Chapter 16 16-1 THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION What Caused the Reformation? In Northern Europe Christian humanism begins People want to change the Catholic Church Desiderius Erasmus
In the Fall, we made it from approximately 10,000 BC to the 1500s. Next up: 1500s-today Finishing Unit 6- Changing Ideas: Renaissance & innovations in Europe Revolutions! People revolt around the world
Two traits that continue into the 21 st Century 1) Africans, Asians an Native Americans exposed to Christianity Becomes truly a world religion Now the evangelistic groups 2) emergence of a modern scientific
61, Lesson 8: The Reformation Church, Part 1 (1517 1648): Lutheran Reformation 23. Importance of the Reformation: The importance of the Reformation cannot be overstated. Listen to Philip Schaff, who spent
Page 1 AN OVERVIEW OF THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION Post tenebras lux After darkness, light October 31, 1517 Reformation Day October 31, 2017 500 th Anniversary PURPOSE OF THIS LESSON 1. Provide an understanding
100 Years War and Black Death Scientific Advances which contradicted the Church The Corruption within the Catholic Church Prior to the Reformation all Christians were Roman Catholic The [REFORM]ation was
The European Reformation & it s Impact on the Americas The New World began where the Old World ends. Enduring Understanding: Students will recognize the role religion played in the development of American
The Reformation Began during the early sixteenth century Protest against the corruption in the Roman Catholic Church Equal authority of tradition and Scripture Papal infallibility Indulgences (the sale
Are We At the End of the Reformation? Part One: The End of Sola Scriptura "By Scripture Alone" Peter Ditzel Most scholars date the start of the Protestant Reformation to October 31, 1517, when the Roman
TRINITARIAN BIBLE SOCIETY Reformation quiz Senior Section MARTIN LUTHER Reformer Suggested age range 12 16 years; parents and teachers, please feel free to assign whichever version of the quiz you think
Reformation and Counter Reformation The Reformation was a time of great discovery and learning that affected the way individuals viewed themselves and the world. The Beginning of the Reformation The Catholic
SSWH9 Protestant Reformation, English ELEMENT D: EXPLAIN THE IMPORTANCE OF GUTENBERG AND THE INVENTION OF THE PRINTING PRESS GUTENBERG & THE PRINTING PRESS q Block printing and moveable type was developed
Reformation Test Oct 2015 1. One of Luther's teachings is that... A) The holy spirit dictate when action are pious B) Church doctrine must be based solely on the Bible C) Bible should be interpreted by
Name Date CHAPTER 17 Section 3 RETEACHING ACTIVITY Luther Leads the Reformation Determining Main Ideas Choose the word that most accurately completes each sentence below. Write that word in the blank provided.
Module 9: The Protestant Reformation Criticisms of the Catholic Church leaders extravagant Priest were poorly John & Jan o Denied the had the right to worldly power o Taught that the had more authority
Session 4: Post- Reformation (1564-1689) Introduction: Post-Reformation Europe encompassed an untidy blend of Lutherans, Calvinists, Anglicans, Roman Catholics, and Anabaptists. But people could follow
A SURVEY OF CHRISTIAN HISTORY Thursday Morning Bible Study Week Five: From 1517-1609 (The Reformation) May 4, 2017 Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside
on Notebook.notebook The Subject: Topic: Grade(s): Prior knowledge: Western Civilization 10th 1st Semester: The Renaissance 1) Chapter 12 Sec 3 4 2) Key people of the 3) How would technology play a part
4 Corruption in the church led to questions about the morals of church officials. CHAPTER The Reformation Begins 31.1 Introduction In the last chapter, you met 10 leading figures of the Renaissance. At
Understanding The Reformation Part One: The Background Class Schedule March 26 th Background of the Reformation Pt 1 April 9 th Background of the Reformation Pt 2 April 23rd The Life of Luther April 23rd
Christian humanism-goal to reform the Catholic Church Clergy was uneducated Busy with worldly affairs not doing spiritual work Scientific Advances which contradicted the Catholic Church Indulgences paying
The Reformation -a movement for religious reforms Main Idea: Martin Luther s protest over abuses in the Catholic Church led to the founding of Protestant churches. Immediate Causes: Selling of indulgences
#8-16 in the Review Packet #17-25 in the Review Packet #26-37 in the Review Packet #38-44 in the Review Packet An increase in trade and a demand for goods from Persia and China help the Italian citystates
Protestant Reformation Causes, Conflicts, Key People, Consequences Conflicts that challenged the authority of the Church in Rome Challenge to Church authority: 1. German and English nobility disliked Italian
People adhere to religious traditions in different ways. Not all Christians will adhere to all of the practices mentioned in this material. If there is a child in your class that follows this religious
An Introduction to the Protestant Reformation Wittenberg, 1725, engraving, 18 x 15 cm (State and University Library, Dresden) The Protestant Reformation Today there are many types of Protestant Churches.
Church History Church History Table of Contents Page 1: Church History...1 Page 2: Church History...2 Page 3: Church History...3 Page 4: Church History...4 Page 5: Church History...5 Page 6: Church History...6
Questioning the Church and the response from the Catholic Church The Reformation, Counter- Reformation, and societal impacts 1500-1700 Fundamental Christian Question: How can sinful human beings gain salvation?
THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION Essential Question: p. 58 What caused the Protestant Reformation? Warm-Up: Look at this image: What is the main idea of the Protestant Reformation? During the Middle Ages, the
The Protestant Reformation (1450-1565) Key Concepts End of Religious Unity and Universality in the West Attack on the medieval church its institutions, doctrine, practices and personnel Not the first attempt
Providence Presbyterian Church Christian Education: February 18, 2018 The Reformation Part II 1500-1600 I. Stand by me! My God, stand by me, against all the world s wisdom, and reason... Not mine but yours
The Protestant Reformation Part 2 Key figures in the Reformation movement after Luther Ulrich Zwingli Switzerland John Calvin Switzerland Thomas Cranmer England William Tyndale England John Knox Scotland
The Church Comm Communion Union ECCLESIOLOGY Chapter 4: The Church formed through Word and Sacrament Word of God = a person: Jesus Christ = full, entire Good News Is mediated to us by the Holy Spirit Is
Bell Ringer 10-16-13 Read Protestant Reformation: The Basics worksheet in your groups. Answer questions on the back together. The Protestant Reformation The Division of the Church into Catholic and Protestant
The Protestant Reformation Of the 16 th Century Background Before the Protestant Reformation there was considered to only be one Church, the Catholic Church 1515 Pope Leo X gave indulgence for those who
The Protestant Reformation (1450-1565) Key Concepts End of Religious Unity and Universality in the West Attack on the medieval church its institutions, doctrine, practices and personnel I. The Church s
A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by: www.cainaweb.org Early Church Growth & Threats Patristic Period & Great Councils Rise of Christendom High Medieval Church Renaissance to Reformation
The Reformation began in Germany in the 16 th Century to try and reform (Change or Improve) the teachings and practices in the Catholic Church. It led to a divisionwithin the Church. The Church was ruled
Frederick Douglass Academy Global Studies 1. One impact Gutenberg's printing press had on western Europe was A) the spread of Martin Luther's ideas B) a decrease in the number of universities C) a decline
The Greatest Commandments Matthew 22: 34-46, by Marshall Zieman, preached 10-29-2017 at PCOC Today we think back to that day in 1517 in Wittenberg, Germany, when the Catholic priest, Martin Luther, published
Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation Mr. Booth s World History 1300 1500 CE 2 OBJECTIVES TODAY 1. We will learn about Catholic Church Hierarchy. People were I.M.A.D! 2. Martin Luther s Protestant
The Reformation Self Quiz Ponder---- What were the main causes of the Reformation? What were a few critical events? What were some of the lasting consequences? Key Concept 1.3 Religious pluralism challenged
REFORMATION 500 Ephesians 2:8-9 For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, 9 not a result of works, so that no one may boast. NOTE FOR LEADERS
The Protestant Reformation Also known as the Reformation What w as it? Movement Goal initially was to reform (Make changes) to the beliefs and practices of the Church (Roman Catholic Church was the only
Essential Question: What caused the Protestant Reformation? Warm-Up Q: Look at this image: What is the main idea of the Protestant Reformation? During the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church was the dominant
Renaissance Humanism Medici Family Perspective A new age that began in the 1300s and reached its peak around 1500. Marked a transition from medieval times to the early modern world. Literally meaning rebirth,
RCIA Significant Moments from the Past Session 25 The Church will receive its perfection only in the glory of heaven, at the time of Christ s glorious return. Until that day, the Church progresses on her
STANDARD C - WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE A PART OF THE PEOPLE OF GOD? Introduction Lesson 3: Who Are Protestants? Most Christians are in agreement on basic beliefs. Most accept the Apostles Creed and the Nicene
The law exposes sin. Why then was the law given? It was added for the sake of transgressions.... Galatians 3:19 (CSB) D E F I N D E F E N E D Apologists Martyrs 325 CHRISTIAN EMPIRE Creeds Nicea - Deity
World History Exam Study Guide Byzantine and Mongol Empires Multiple Choice 1) What is the famous church in Constantinople - the name means holy wisdom Hagia Sophia 2) Rome had fallen on hard times - internal
Chapter Three Assessment Name Date Multiple Choice 1. Emperor Constantine moved the capital of the empire to A. Antioch B. Byzantium C. Rome D. Capernaum 2. Demonstrating that he retained non-christian
Lesson 1 The Protestant Reformation ESSENTIAL QUESTION What conditions can encourage the desire for reform? Reading HELPDESK Academic Vocabulary fundamental basic or essential external outward or observable
The Roman Catholic Counter Reformation On Nov. 11, 1544, Pope Paul III issued a decree calling the 19 th ecumenical council of the church to meet at the Italian city of Trent. This council lasted, on and
Unit 2: Protestant Reformation Do now Denominations Christian Humanism Desiderius Erasmus Exit-slip I can explain the Denominations of the Catholic Church. By: Mr. Washington Just the Facts World History
Reconquista Lay Investiture Canon Law Islam Excommunication Schism Reviewing Past Church Reforms Secularism Infidels Jihad Inquisition Heresy Bishops & Priests Friars and Monks Reviewing Past Church Reforms
and Our English Heritage Time Line overview 1517 Martin Luther publishes The Ninety-Five Theses 1530 John Calvin breaks from the Roman Catholic Church 1536 John Calvin publishes his first volume: Institutes
Church History Lecture 1 Tape 1 Title: History and Message of the Early Church Description: Specific political and cultural events combined to form a setting when Jesus lived, which can be described as