2 Historical Overview Ancient Israel is the birthplace of the 3 great monotheistic religions of the world: Judaism, Christianity and Islam Ancient Israel dates back approximately 4000 years to the books of the Old Testament Great patriarchs of Judaism: Abraham, Jacob, Moses, Joshua Hebrews, Israelites, Jews, Semites: have all undergone persecution throughout history; from Babylonian Captivity, Exodus, Diaspora, Spanish Inquisition, Holocaust
3 Introduction to Judaism
4 What is in a name? Hebrew means From across - name given to Abraham and his followers Israelites: Abraham s grandson Jacob renamed Israel which means he who has wrestled with God. His descendants were called Israelites Jews: named after Jacob s son Judah, ancient father of tribe of King David s dynasty
5 Tracing Roots of Israel s History Nomadic tribes wandered into Palestine from east in approximately 1900 BCE Mesopotamian society dominated by polytheism God (Yahweh) appeared before Patriarch Abraham and told Abraham to go and raise a great nation This began the monotheistic tradition of the Hebrew faith with the establishment of the Covenant, Chosen People and Promised Land Abraham settled in Canaan Story: Sacrifice of Abraham
7 Abraham s Sacrifice
8 Jacob (grandson of Abraham) Abraham s grandson Jacob took name Israel which means God ruled and organized Israelites into 12 tribes Some tribes settled in Egypt (due to drought and famine) and where subjected to Pharaoh rule and slavery
9 Moses An illustrated story of Moses
10 The Exodus
11 The Plagues of Egypt Water to Blood Frogs Gnats or Lice Flies Livestock Diseased Boils Thunder and Hail Locusts Darkness Death of the Firstborn
12 The Plagues of Egypt Water to Blood 7:19 And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and stretch out thine hand upon the waters of Egypt, upon their streams, upon their rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their pools of water, that they may become blood; and that there may be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood, and in vessels of stone.
13 The Plagues of Egypt Frogs 8:2 And if thou refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite all thy borders with frogs: 8:3 And the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into thine house, and into thy bedchamber, and upon thy bed, and into the house of thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thine ovens, and into thy kneading troughs: 8:4 And the frogs shall come up both on thee, and upon thy people, and upon all thy servants.
14 The Plagues of Egypt Gnats or Lice 8:16 And the LORD said unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.
15 The Plagues of Egypt Flies 8:21 Else, if thou wilt not let my people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies upon thee, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thy houses: and the houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms of flies, and also the ground whereon they are.
16 The Plagues of Egypt Livestock Diseased 9:3 Behold, the hand of the LORD is upon thy cattle which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain.
17 The Plagues of Egypt Boils 9:8 And the LORD said unto Moses and unto Aaron, Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh. 9:9 And it shall become small dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land of Egypt.
18 The Plagues of Egypt Thunder and Hail 9:18 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now.
19 The Plagues of Egypt Locusts 10:4 Else, if thou refuse to let my people go, behold, to morrow will I bring the locusts into thy coast: 10:5 And they shall cover the face of the earth, that one cannot be able to see the earth: and they shall eat the residue of that which is escaped, which remaineth unto you from the hail, and shall eat every tree which groweth for you out of the field.
20 The Plagues of Egypt Darkness 10:21 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt. 10:22 And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days
21 The Plagues of Egypt Death of the Firstborn 11:4 And Moses said, Thus saith the LORD, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: 11:5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts.
22 Moses & Exodus: Let My People Go! Moses received revelations from God: burning bush, rod / staff, 10 plagues, parting of the Red Sea End of 13 th century BCE- Moses led the Israelites out of bondage in Egypt during Rames II reign called the EXODUS Moses led the 12 Tribes of Israel to Mount Sinai where Yahweh gave him the 10 Commandments, uniting the Hebrews under one God Moses and Hebrews searched for the Promised Land or the land of milk and honey, however they wandered in the desert for 40 years
26 Jewish Teachings
27 Kings of Israel 1230 BCE, Israelites guided by Joshua, invaded Canaan (Promised Land) 1020 BCE: first king of Israelites was Saul, then David, then Solomon Under King David the Israelites captured city of Jerusalem King Solomon built the Temple of Jerusalem, to house the Arc of the Covenant (sacred box to hold Torah) Solomon s Temple was destroyed during Babylonian invasion, rebuilt in 6 th century BCE, and destroyed again in 70 CE by the Romans Only remaining part of Solomon s Temple is the Western Wall
30 King Solomon
31 After the death of Solomon, Kingdom of Israel split into two (north= Israel; south= Judah) Israel was conquered by Assyrians in 722 BCE and the scattered people were known as the Lost Tribes of Israel Judah was eventually destroyed by Babylon in 586 BCE and inhabitants were held in captivity (called the Exile or Babylonian Captivity) Emergence of synagogues and rabbis during Exile Released by Persians in 538 BCE and returned to Jerusalem to rebuild temple Lost Tribes of Israel
32 Diaspora Diaspora is a Greek word meaning sowing of seed or dispersal which refers to Jewish population living outside of Israel In 332 BCE, Jewish people in fell under Hellenization (Greek culture) as Alexander the Great conquered Persia, Egypt and India 164 BCE, group of Jews called the Maccabees revolted against Greek rule, took control of Jerusalem and rededicated the Temple to God (Hanukkah) 64 BCE, Jerusalem fell to Romans and the Kingdom of Judah became one of the provinces of the Roman Empire (Judea). The people living there were called Judeans, and it is from this word that we get the word Jew In 66 CE the people of Judea revolted against Rome. This uprising was crushed and the temple was destroyed for a second time in 70 CE Despite the dispersion of Jewish people throughout Europe after 70 CE, their culture and religious beliefs have been by far the most influential of all the ancient cultures of the Near East
35 Impact of Ancient Israel Covenant = formal agreement between Hebrews and God (Yahweh); Hebrews worshipped God and only God, and in return, they would be God s Chosen People and given Canaan as the Promised Land Spiritual ideas profoundly influenced Western culture, morality, ethics and conduct Three of the world s most dominant religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam all derive their roots from the spiritual beliefs of the Ancient Israelites
36 Jewish Holidays and Festivals
37 Purism and Passover
38 The Jewish Calendar Fall Observances Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year) This two-day observance marks the beginning of the holiest time of the year for Jews. Yom Kippur (Day or Atonement) This is the most solemn day of the Jewish year and signals the end of the Ten Days of Penitence. It is devoted to fasting, prayer, and synagogue services. Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles) Sukkot is a harvest festival of thanksgiving. To commemorate the dwellings of the ancient Israelites during the harvest, many families build temporary huts (sukkot) in which they eat and even sleep. Simchat Torah Celebrates the conclusion of the year-long cycle of reading the Torah (the five books of Moses) and the beginning of a new cycle and marks the end of the fall season of special religious observances
39 The Jewish Calendar Winter Observances Chanukah (Festival of Lights) This eight-day observance is a celebration of religious freedom and commemorates the re-dedication of the Temple in Jerusalem in 165 B.C.E. Families celebrate in their homes by lighting candles for eight nights, exchanging gifts and eating special foods. Purim (Feast of Lots) Based on the biblical Book of Esther (The Megillah), Purim celebrates the foiling of a plot to kill the Jews in ancient Persia. A ritual of Purim is to read the story from The Megillah of how Esther and Mordecai prevented Haman from exterminating the Jews.
40 The Jewish Calendar Spring Observances Pesach (Passover) This eight-day festival of freedom celebrates the deliverance of the ancient Israelites from Egyptian bondage. Families gather for a traditional meal, or Seder, on the first two nights, when the story is retold and symbolic foods are eaten. Shavu ot (Festival of Weeks) Coming in late Spring, this two-day observance celebrates the giving of the Torah (the Five Books of Moses) on Mount Sinai, and commemorates ancient Israel s acceptance of the Torah and its obligations.
41 Links Judaism Religion and Ethics Ancient History Sourcebook- Israel Ancient Israel
Name Period Date Judaism: The Early Hebrews** Between 2000BCE and 1500BCE a new group appears in Southwest Asia o Called Hebrews o Simple Herders and Desert Nomads They develop a culture that eventually
Judaism World Religions 3106 Handouts Fast Facts on Judaism Jewish Hatred Jewish Symbols Judaism Notes Who Are the Jews? Founder: Abraham All Jews trace their genetic and religious ancestry to Abraham,
Copyright 2014 History Gal. Israelites Location: It includes what modern day countries? Why do we know so much about the Israelites? What made the Israelites different from other ancient civilizations?
Judaism is A 4000 year old tradition with ideas about what it means to be human and how to make the world a holy place (Rabbi Harold Kushner, To Life) A covenant relationship between God and the Hebrew
Chapter 3, Section 1 The First Israelites (Pages 200 205) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: What did the Israelites believe? Where was the Promised Land of the Israelites,
two cities that the Israelites were forced to build for the Pharaoh during the time of their bondage in Egypt? (Exodus 1:11) Question: From whose house were the mother and father of Moses? (Exodus 2:1)
INTERNATIONAL TRAINING AND EQUIPPING MINISTRIES Institute in the Foundations of Church Leadership Dr. Steve Van Horn THE MAJOR THEME OF THE OLD TESTAMENT THE KINGDOM OF GOD Advanced Lecture 1 INTRODUCTION:
Chapter 12 Learning About World Religions: Judaism What are the central teachings of Judaism, and why did they survive to modern day? 1. Introduction This boy reads from the Torah during his bar mitzvah,
Moses Lesson 16 Handout Romans 10:17 So then faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. Luke 24:25 27 25 He said to them, How foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the
Who was the Pharaoh who ruled for 66 years? Who was the female Pharaoh whose reign was one of Egypt s most peaceful? What was early religion meant to explain? What was the Egyptians view of the afterlife?
Judaism Judaism Judaism stands apart from every other religion in that it is both a religion and a people. To say you are Jewish may mean that you believe in the God of Israel, attempt to follow his commandments
20/20 Hindsight 49 Leaving Egypt Lesson Six Exodus 1-15 The family of Jacob grows into the nation of Israel while they are in Egypt. About two hundred years have passed since the death of Joseph. The role
Survey of Old Testament History Look at your "World History Time Chart." On your time charts, dates are given with the designation "B. C." or "A. D." "B. C." means "Before Christ" and is used with dates
Links God as to Omnipotent other resources (All-Powerful) God Frees The Hebrews from the Pharaoh s Slavery in Egypt Exodus 7-11 New International Version (NIV) 7 Then the LORD said to Moses, See, I have
Salvation History Our History Salvation History The history of how our heavenly Dad has reached out to His children through and in history. How He has never stopped digging us out of the rubble. How He
History of Ancient Israel I. Beginnings A. Abraham lays the foundation for a new religion (which will become JUDAISM ) 1. lived in the Mesopotamian city of UR with his wife SARAH 2. the Mesopotamians believed
JUDAISM Judaism is a religion based on principles and ethics found in religious texts of the Jewish people. Judaism is among the oldest religions still in practice today and Judaism has influenced other
FIRST DAY: Read the notes and the references. SECOND DAY: Read Exodus 6:28-7:13 Aaron to Speak for Moses  Now when the LORD spoke to Moses in Egypt,  he said to him, I am the LORD. Tell Pharaoh
Holy Land: The Rise of Three Faiths By National Geographic, adapted by Newsela staff on 09.26.17 Word Count 1,389 Level 1040L The Old City of Jerusalem contains some of the holiest sites in Judaism, Christianity
Bellringer-Write on your paper The Kings of Israel were also religious leaders. How did each contribute to the teaching of Judaism? Which was the most important to its survival? Support your claim with
Chapter 5 Political, Religious and Social Unrest in Palestine: 63 BCE to 73 CE Ancient Palestine and the Jewish Kingdoms Palestine and the Hellenistic Kingdoms The Seleucids gain control of Palestine from
Q u i z f o r D V D S e g m e n t 1 : 1. Don t Read it a) Measuring Rod or 73 books included in the Catholic Bible inspired by God 2. 14 Books b) The result of our sin that turns us away from God 3. Read
New Centers of Civilization C H A P T E R 3 S E C T I O N 3 The Role of Nomadic Peoples In the area of a civilization flourished around 4,000 years ago. On the edges of this civilization were, who occasionally
Name: Date: Period: #: Lesson 6.1- Beginnings Chapter 6: Outline Notes The Israelites Beginnings: Judaism is both an ancient and religion. o An ancient society in southwest Asia known, as the Israelites
Judaism Founding and Beliefs I. Founding I. Founding Founded in the Fertile Crescent 4,000 years ago I. Founding Founded in the Fertile Crescent 4,000 years ago Abraham I. Founding Founded in the Fertile
Moses and the Nation of Israel Moses and the Nation of Israel I n Lesson 3, we saw that Jacob wrestled with God and that his name was changed to Israel. We saw how one of Jacob s sons, Joseph, was thrown
The First Century Church - Lesson 1 Introduction to Course Jesus said, "I will build my church" - Matthew 16:18. This course is a study of that First Century church as revealed in the scriptures. The church
Teaching About Jewish Holidays Overview In this lesson, students will read about Jewish holidays, label images with holiday names, and play a game to reinforce their knowledge of the key characteristics
TIMELINE NOTES Creation The aim of the Bible is to introduce us to God's plan of salvation, not to explain how he created the universe. It seems that God exists outside of time and space, as we know it.
Lesson 13 Bondage, Passover, and Exodus Purpose: To (1) trust the Lord to fulfill his promises, (2) increase their appreciation for the Savior s atoning sacrifice, and (3) make the sacrament more meaningful
UNDERSTANDING THE OLD TESTAMENT One cannot really understand the Old Testament without first understanding the historical context in which it was written. FIRST BORN ABRAHAM ISHMAEL HAGAR ISAAC SARAH JACOB
CHAPTER 7: JUDAISM AND HEBREWS PART 1: THE EARLY HEBREWS OBJECTIVES EXPLAIN WHO ABRAHAM AND MOSES WERE AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE ANALYZE FEATURES IN THE TEXT TO FURTHER YOUR UNDERSTANDING OF MAPS, SETTLEMENT,
Key Teachings of Judaism Jewish teachings provide Jews with guidance on how to practice their religion and lead good lives. These teachings come from multiple sources including sacred Jewish texts - the
Genesis The Book of Beginnings In the book of Genesis all the major themes of the Bible have their origin. The Scarlet Thread has it's beginning immediately after the Fall the promise of salvation is given
ERA 3 Moses Quiz A BibleMesh Learning Assessment Tool Use this quiz to test your knowledge of the characters, key events, background information, and theology within ERA 3 Moses. To obtain the answer key,
Do Now! The Diaspora What helps Jews from all around the world feel as if they are part of a community? What makes Jews so well known? Why major religion? 7.5 billion ppl 15 million Jews.2% of population
Overview of the Old Testament 1. Creation and Fall (Gen. 1-11) 2. Abraham and the Patriarchs (Gen. 12-50) 3. Out of Egypt and into the land (Exodus Judges) 4. Monarchy: United and Divided (1 Samuel 2 Kings
5 Understand what made the ancient Israelites belief system unique from others at the time. Outline the main events in the early history of the Israelites. Analyze the moral and ethical ideas of Judaism.
Name: Date: H.W.#: My World History Chapter 5 Judaism and the Jewish People Section 1 The Origins of Judaism and Section 3- The Jewish People Terms to understand when reading: 1. Jews a group of people
2 Chronicles 7:11-22 King James Version March 25, 2018 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, March 25, 2018, is from 2 Chronicles 7:11-22. Questions for Discussion
Promises Made to the Fathers Reading Assignment No. 15 Kingdom of Israel and King David Introduction The focus of this reading assignment concerns the covenantal promises made to the nation of Israel and
Study #4: Moses and the greater signs, Part 2 Review: Sign 3 focused on how God demands a blood sacrifice to receive His Mercy. The Heights (7):132-133 (132) They said (to Moses): "Whatever be the Signs
Survey of Exodus by Duane L. Anderson Survey of Exodus A study of the book of Exodus for Small Group or Personal Bible Study American Indian Bible Institute Box 511 Norwalk, California 90651-0511 www.aibi.org
Moses - 3 - God s Deliverer The next phase of Moses life is recorded in Exodus 4-15. His first forty years were spent as an Egyptian who was a son of Pharaoh s daughter and became mighty and word and deed.
Amy Warfield Class 2 Old Testament The Old Testament Law History Poetry Major Prophets Minor Prophets Old Testament Law Genesis Exodus Numbers Deuteronomy History Joshua Judges Ruth 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1
Living Bible Epiphany Church Fr. Ireneusz Ekiert Book of Genesis - Session 1: Introduction Here is the schedule of our study of the Book of Genesis: September 8 Introduction, Inspiration and Biblical Criticism.
Judaism IMPORTANT FIGURES & LEADERS/ HISTORY Important Figures & Leaders ABRAHAM Father of Judaism First to proclaim only One God (Monotheism) Asked to sacrifice son Isaac as show of faith. Pass the test
Scripture: Exodus chapters 5-15 with emphasis on Exodus 12:21-42 Memory Verse: Romans 8:38-39 (NIV) Same as the kids' Bibles. "For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor demons,
Judaism, an introduction Judaism is a monotheistic religion that emerged with the Israelites in the Eastern Mediterranean (Southern Levant) within the context of the Mesopotamian river valley civilizations.
http://www.biblestudyworkshop.org 1 Answers to Questions on Exodus 5-8 Israelites work increased, Moses encouraged to speak on behalf of his people before Pharaoh, Plagues begin. FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH
Parashah 15 Exodus 10:1 13:16 Bo בא Go 2017 Torah Together Study Series Torah Together The plagues that God inflicts on Egypt continue in this week s Parashah, culminating with the tenth and final plague.
A PASSOVER For a Messianic Seder Compiled and Edited by: John B. Connel 1 A Passover Haggadah (for a Messianic Seder) TABLE OF CONTENTS Kadesh: Sanctification of the Day --------------------- 2 o Lighting
Moses, the Israelites and the Crossing of the Red Sea Wonders of Arabia Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Spring 2015 Wonders of Arabia: April Lectures April 25- Intro to the Wonders of Arabia April 26- Birthplace
Evidence in Scripture of Moses as the Inspired Writer of the Pentateuch Do not imagine that I am going to accuse you before the Father: you have placed your hopes on Moses, and Moses will be the one who
Ancient Hebrews Unit Test Name: Date: Completion: Choose the correct name to complete each sentence: covenant Decalogue theocracy Moses Joshua David Solomon Samuel judges Israel Judah murex Phoenicians
Exo 11:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence
Psalm 105 Praise to Yahweh for Delivering Israel from Egypt into the Promised Land! Scripture taken from the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE, Copyright 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977,
Name Unit II: The River Valley Civilizations (3500 B.C.E. 450 B.C.E.) Big Idea: During the New Stone Age, permanent settlements appeared in the river valleys and around the Fertile Crescent. River Valleys
Do Now What do you know about the Jewish religion or Jewish people? If you don't know much about them, what have you ever heard about them? What do you know about the history of the Jewish people? Religion
BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE BIBLE STORY By Ashby L. Camp Copyright 2006 (modified 2013) by Ashby L. Camp. All rights reserved. Old Testament 1. Gen. 1-11 -- God miraculously creates all things, including human
The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) Leviticus 23:33-43 February 28, 2016 www.wordforlifesays.com Please Note: All lesson verses and titles are based on International Sunday School Lesson/Uniform Series 2010
Answers to the Questions (Lesson 13) OVERVIEW OF THE BIBLE January 31, 2018 Esther Page 69 In the same month the Feast of Trumpets, the Day of Atonement, and the Feast of Tabernacles are celebrated. Based
Name Date Jesus Christ: God s Revelation Directed Reading Worksheet Chapter 5 Kings and Prophets Directions: Read through the chapter and fill in the missing information. All the questions run sequential
Exodus Pathways of Discipleship Bible Survey ELM GROVE BAPTIST CHURCH January 10, 2010 Title and Meaning Author Exodus Pathways of Discipleship Bible Survey Hebrew: taken from the first words And these
Haggadah: A Christian Celebration of Passover Leader: Welcome to this special celebration of Passover, a celebration that is very rich with symbolism and full of worship. Passover is a meal that God designed
OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY Exodus/Leviticus REVIEW What is the Pentateuch? Who wrote it? How is Genesis divided? What is an important concept in Genesis? EXODUS God is ACTIVE in the Exodus each plague targets
Fall Term 2017 Chapel Calendar 2017-18 Events and Religious Holidays (updated July 1, 2017) August 30 August 30 September 4 September 2-4 September 6 September 10 September 10 September 10 Faculty Convocation
Who Are The Jews? Synopsis This chapter conveys the history, religion, and culture of the Jewish people from its Biblical origins to the present. These characteristics of the Jews set them apart from their
Name Date Jesus Christ: God s Revelation to the World Chapter 5 Kings & Prophets Await the Messiah Directions: Read through the chapter and fill in the missing information. All the questions run sequential
Page 1 of 6 4 The Origins of Judaism MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES RELIGIOUS AND ETHICAL SYSTEMS The Hebrews maintained monotheistic religious beliefs that were unique in the ancient world.
JUDAISM B Y : J E N N A Z I L I C, T Y L E R W I N K E L, & TA N N E R M A Y D A K. WHAT IS JUDAISM Judaism, sometimes referred to as the Jewish faith, is the religion developed among the ancient Hebrews
Chapter 11 The Origins of Judaism EQ: How did Judaism originate and develop? 11.1 Introduction In this chapter, you will learn about a group of people who lived northeast of Egypt.These people were known
11.1. Introduction Chapter 11 The Origins of Judaism How did Judaism originate and develop? In this chapter, you will learn about a group of people who lived northeast of Egypt. These people were known
BSF Scripture Reading: FIRST DAY: 1. Lecture principles: 2. Read the lesson notes SECOND DAY: Read Revelation 8:1-13 (See Day 6) Question 3b Revelation 4:8;  Each of the four living creatures had six
GOD OF WONDERS! Introduction: A. Human Emotions Can Run The Gamut -- From The Lows Of Despair To The Mundane Of Daily Life To The Highs Of Glory And Praise To God! B. Today: A Look At The Highs Of Praising
Divine Revelation and Sacred Scripture Previously in RCIA How Catholics Understand Revelation and Sacred Scripture Divine Revelation Content God s self revealing in history Why? - God wills that all be
The Story of a Kingdom Chapter 20 Old Testament Books 144 The Story of a Kingdom Chapter 20 Chapter 20 Numbers 13-14 The Story so Far At Mount Sinai God instructed the people to build Him a tent. God s
January 20, 2013 College Park Church The God Who Delivers Exodus 7 (Part 1 of 6) Deliverance Through Judgment: Introducing the Ten Plagues and the Hardness of Pharaoh s Heart Exodus 7:1-13 Mark Vroegop
THE PERIL OF WARFARE EXODUS 17:8-16. INTRODUCTION: Even the saved have spiritual battles. Being under the rule of God does not give you immunity to attacks from the enemy. Israel came out of Egypt as the
THE FINAL PLAGUE EXODUS 11:1-10 PSALM 77:13-16 God, Your way is holy. What god is great like God? You are the God who works wonders; You revealed Your strength among the peoples. With power You redeemed