Punjab Genera០ Knowledg 韚 (GK) Power Capsul 韚

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1 Punjab GK Stud 鐅 Materia០ Punjab Genera០ Knowledg 韚 (GK) Power Capsul 韚 ퟷ i 䄅 Punjab GK Power Capsul 韚 wil០ b 韚 use ០ for th 韚 aspirant 䄅 wh 基 ar 韚 preparin for th 韚 Punjab 埐 a 韩 sucퟶ a 䄅 PSSSB Cler៵ DEO, PUDA, 埐 cis 韚 Inspector, Panchayaꔄ Secretar 鐅, PPSC 埐 am 䄅, Punjab Loca០ Governmenꔄ, Cooperativ 韚 Ban៵ et 埢. 1

2 Historical Overview of Punjab History of Punjab Major Events In Punjabi History Aryan Migrations (516 BC AD) Persian Rule (516 BC AD) Alexander's Invasion (321 AD) Muslim Invasions (713 AD AD) The Rise of Sikh Power (1700 AD AD) The 10 Gurus Sikh History Guru Nanak Dev Ji Birth Place Talwandi Rai Boi(Pakistan) also known as Nankana Sahib Father / Mother Name Mehta Kalu / Mata Tripta Wife Sulakhni Ji Sons Baba Sri Chand and Baba Lakhmi Chand City Founder Kartarpur Compilation Jap JI Sahi, Sidh Gosh, Sodar, Asa di war, Patti Barahmaha, Aarti Onkar, Malar & Madge Jyoti Jot Place Kartarpur Guru Angad Dev Ji Place of Birth Mate ki Saranh Original Name - Bhai Lehna Father / Mother Name Pheru Mal Ji / Daya Kaur Ji Wife Khivi Ji 2

3 Children Dassu Ji, Dattu Ji, Bibi Amro Ji and Alakhni Ji City Founded Khadur Sahib Compilation Janam Sakhi (Biography of Guru Nanak Dev Ji) Establish Mal Akhara For Physical and Spritual Excercise Introduce Gurmukhi Script Guru Amardas Ji Place of Birth Basarke City Founded Goindwal Sahib Introduced the Anand Karaj marriage ceremony for the Sikhs Start Manjhi System and Made a Boali in Goindwal Guru Ram Das Ji Place of Birth Chuna Mandi (Pakistan) Wife Bhani Ji (Daughter of Guru Amardas Ji) Founded City Amritsar (Also known as Chak Ramdas, Guru Ka Chak, Ramdaspura) Compilation Lavan Note Mian Mir to laid the foundation stone of the Harmandir Sahib Guru Arjun Dev Ji Father / Mother Name Guru Ram Das/Bhani Ji Children Hargobind Sahib Ji Compilation Sukhmani Sahib, Adi Granth, Barahmaha, Bavan Akhri City Founded Tarn Taran, Kartarpur(India) Introduce Masand System Representative of guru ji at di 兩 erent places Started Dasvand (Langar Contribution/ one tenth part of income) 3

4 Guru ji became the ᡁrst great martyr in the Sikh history when Emperor Jahangir ordered his execution. Guru Hargobind ji City Founded Kiratpur Sahib (Ropar) Introduce concept of Miri And Piri Miri Temporal Power / Piri Spiritual Power Constructed Akhal Takht and Lohagarh Fort at Amritsar First saint soldier in sikh history Guru Har Rai Ji (Grandson of Guru Hargobind) Founded Ayurvedic medicine center, Kiratpur Sahib Guru Ji gave treatment to Dara Saikhon Guru Har krishan Ji Youngest Guru -Age of 韺 ve Guru Tegh Bahadur Father / Mother Name Guru Hargobind ji/ Nanki Ji Wife Mata Gujri ji Children Guru Gobind Singh Ji Place of Birth Amritsar City Founded Anandpur Sahib Guru Ji was executed on the order of Aurangzeb at chandni chowk Delhi, Now Gurudwara Sheesh Ganj at this place 4

5 Guru Ji Body was taken be Lakhi Vanjara and cremated at place. Now become Gurudwara Rakab Ganj Guru Ji Sheesh was taken away by Bhai Jaita, Who brought back Guru Ji head Anandpur Sahib Guru Gobind Singh Ji Place of Birth Patna City Founded Patna Sahib Jyoti Jot Place 1708, Nanden Compilation Jap Sahib, Akal Ustat, Chopai, War Shri Bhagoti, Vachitar Natak, Charitra, Chobis Avtar and Chadi di war (in punjabi) Some Fact about Guru Gabind Singh Ji Built Anandgarh Fort at Anandpur Wrote Zafarnama letter to Aurangzeb Establish Khalsa Panth in 1699 at Anandpur Sahib Panj Pyare Daya Ram Lahore - Bhai Daya Singh Ji (Nanded) Dharam Das- Bhai Dharam Singh Ji (Hastinapur) Muhkam Chand- Bhai Muhkam Singh Ji (Dwarka) Sahib Chand - Bhai Sahib Singh Ji (Bidar) Himmat Rai - Bhai Himmat Singh ji (Jagannath) Panj Kakaar-Five K 5

6 Kesh (uncut hair) Kangha (a wooden brush for the hair) Kara (a metal bracelet) Kachera (a type of undergarment) Kirpan (a dagger) Battles of Guru Gobind Singh Ji Battle of Bhangani (1688) Guru Ji Vs Raja Bhim Chand and other Hill Chief Victory Guru Ji Result Bhim Chand and other Rajput become friends of Guru Ji Battle of Nadaun (1690) Guru Ji + Bhimchand + other Hill Chief Vs Alif Khan Result Alif Khan was defeated 1st Battle of Anandpur (1701) Guru Ji Vs Raja Bhim Chand and other Hill Chief Victory Guru Ji Battle of Nirmohi (1702) Guru Ji Vs Raja Bhim Chand + Mughal Force Victory Guru JI 6

7 Battle of Basoli (1702) Guru Ji Vs Raja Bhim Chand Victory Guru Ji Result Sikh attacked territory of Raja and captured kalmot 2nd Battle Anandpur Guru Ji Vs Hill Chief + Mughal Force under Wazir Khan Result Guru and His Sikhs had to leave fort and Zorawar & Fateh Singh were bricked alive Battle of Chamkaur Guru Ji Vs Mughal Force Result 35 Sikhs and Sahibzada Ajit Singh ji & Sahibzada Jujhar Singh ji Shaheed Battle of khidrana Guru Ji vs Mughal Force Result Sikhs defeated the Mughals but 40 of them (Chali Mukte) Shaheed Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Original Name Lachman Dev (From Rajouri Jammu) Popular Name Madho Singh Another Name - Banda Bairagi Guru Gobind Singh Gave Name Banda Singh Bahadur 7

8 Battle of Chhapar Chiri Banda Bahadur Singh Ji Vs Wazir Khan * Defeated Wazir Khan Execution By Farrukh Siyar *Banda Singh developed the village of Mukhlisgarh, and made it his capital, then renamed the city it to Lohgarh Maharaja Ranjit Singh Place of Birth Gujranwala Town(Pakistan) Son of Maha Singh / Mai Raj kaur(d/o Raja Gajapati-Jind ) Mother-in-law Sada Kaur (Encourage Ranjit Singh) 1st King of Sikh Empire Title of Maharaja 12 April 1801 Treaty of Amritsar 1809 Treaty Signed B/w Metcalfe & Ranjit Singh * Maharaja Ranjit Singh defeated Zaman Shah Durrani in the Battle of Amritsar (1797), Battle of Gujrat (1797) and Battle of Amritsar (1798) List Of Misls 12 Ahluwalia Jassa Singh - Ahluwalia Bhangi -Chajja Singh / Hari Singh Dhallewalia -Gulab Singh Sukerchakia - Chatar Singh Shaheed- Baba Deep Singh Ramgharia - Nand Singh/ Jassa Singh Ramgharia Nishanwalia -Dasundha Singh Phoolkia =Chaudhari Paul 8

9 Faizalapuria -Nawab Kapur Singh Kanhaya -Jai Singh Kanhaiya Karora -Karora Singh Nakkai - Hira Singh Social Reform Movements in Punjab Nirankari movement Originated Rawalpindi Founded by Baba Dyal Singh. Successor Darbar Singh Namdhari Movement Another Name Kuka Movement Founded by Balak Singh Successor Ram Singh Radhasoami movement Started from Agra Founded by Shiv Dayal Singh (also called Soami ji Maharaj ) Singh Sabha Movement Against Christians Missionaries The ᡁrst modern moment 9

10 Struggle for Freedom Kamagata Maru: (1914) Head By Gurdit Singh (Sikh businessman of Singapore) Komagata was ship name to carry 376 Indians, all Punjabis to Canada. The Ship embarked from Hong Kong before arriving in Canada. Ghadar movement Ghadar is name of weekly news papaer (Pulish In Hindi, Punjabi, Marathi, Urdu) Chief Editor Lala Hardiyal Leader of Ghardar Movement Sohan Singh Bhakna, Lala Hardiyal, Kartar Singh Shraba Start in San Francisco (America) Jallianwala Bagh Massacre: 13 April, 1919 Involved the killing of hundreds of unarmed Shooting was ordered by General O Dyer Shaheed Udham Singh: Shaheed Udham Singh is known for his assassination of Sir Michael O Dwyer in March 1940 what has been described as a revenge of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. Ravinder Nath Tagore return Knighthood Title Jalliwala Bagh Made be Ranjit Singh Gurudwara Reform Movement: Gurudwara Reform Movement marked the struggle of the Sikhs to wrest control of their places of worship from the mahants (priests) into whose hands they had passed during the 18th century when the Sikhs were driven away from their homes to seek safety in remote 10

11 hills and deserts. Shiromani Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee The inaugural meeting of the SGPC Akal Takht Amritsar on 12 December It appointed a subcommittee to draft the Committee's constitution. President Sardar Sundar Singh Majithia Vice-President Harbans Singh Secretary Sundar Singh Ramgarhia New elections under the constitution were held in July 1921 Elected President Baba Kharak Singh Elected Vice-President Captain Ram Singh Elected Secretary Sardar Bahadur. Mehtab Singh In 1922 Sikh Gurdwaras and Shrines Act, 1922 Sikh Gurdwaras Act, 1925 passed by the provincial legislative assembly on 9 July 1925 and implemented with e 韞 ect from 1 November 1925 Movement Related with SGPC Guru Ka Bagh Morcha (Ghukkevali village, District Amritsar) Jaito Morcha Shaheed Bhagat Singh Khatkar Kalan in present SBS Nagar (Nawanshahr) Shaheed Sukhdev Shaheed Rajguru in Maharashtra Punjab After 1947 Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) was a state of India between 1948 and

12 PEPSU was union of eight princely states: Patiala, Jind, Nabha, Kapurthala, Faridkot, Kalsia, Malerkotla and Nalagarh PEPSU made in 15 july 1948 Raj Parmukh of PEPSU Maharaja Yadvinder Singh First CM of PEPSU Gian Singh Rarewala PEPSU Capital Patiala PEPSU Vidhan Sabha Member 60 Note In 1 Nov 1956 PEPSU Merge in Punjab and New state created Himachal Pradesh Formation of Present Punjab Master Tara Singh Pointed Demand of Present Punjab Punjab Boundary Commission 1966 (Reorganization of Punjab): An Act to provide for the reorganisation of the existing State of Punjab and for matters connected therewith. Head of Commission Fazal Ali Basic Information about Punjab Punjab is a state in North India, forming part of the larger Punjab region. The state is bordered by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast, Rajasthan to the southwest, and the Pakistani province of Punjab to the west. The state capital is located in Chandigarh, a Union Territory and also the capital of the neighbouring state of Haryana. Punjab Establishment, Area and Population Established 1 Nov, 1966 Area km2 (1.54% of India)- Northwest of republic of India Population 2,77,04,236 (2.28% of India) 12

13 Punjab Latitude and Longitude Latitude N To N Longitude E To E Punjab Areawise Forest Area 6.12% of Punjab Largest Forest Area Hoshiarpur 2nd Largest Forest Area RupNagar 3rd Largest Forest Area Gurdaspur Largest District (According to Area) Ludhiana Smallest District(According to Area) Mohali Punjab Population Population Density 550 per sq KM Largest Population Density Ludhiana Smallest Population Density Muktsar Largest District (According to Population) Ludhiana Smallest District(According to Population) Barnala Maximum Decade Growth of Punjab Mohali (Another Name SAS Nagar) Minimum Decade Growth of Punjab Nawanshahr (Another Name SBS Nagar) Punjab Literacy Rates Literacy Rate 76.7% Largest Literacy Rate Hoshiarpur (86%) 13

14 Smallest Literacy Rate Mansa (62.8%) Punjab Sex Ratio Sex Ratio 893 Sex Ratio (for 0-6 age group) 846 Largest Sex Ratio Hoshiarpur Smallest Sex Ratio Bathinda Punjab Seats Lok Sabha Seat 13 Rajya Sabha Seat 7 Vidhan Sabha Seat 117 First in Punjab First Speaker of Vidhan Sabha Kapoor Singh First CM of Punjab Gopi Chand Bhargav First Governor of Punjab Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi First Speaker of Vidhan Sabha (New Punjab*) Harbans Singh First CM of (New Punjab*) Giani Gurmukh Singh First Governor of (New Punjab*) Dharmvira Shortest Time period of Governor of Punjab Hokeshe Seema During Operation of Blue Star Governor of Punjab Bhairab Dutt Pande Note (New Punjab*)- Punjab After 1966 The Indian Punjab was divided in 1966 with the formation of the new states of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh as well as the current state of Punjab. Punjab is the only state in India 14

15 with a majority Sikh population. Punjab also has the largest number of Steel Rolling Mill Plants in India which are located in Steel Town Mandi Gobindgarh, District Fatehgarh Sahib. Punjab State Bird,Animal and Tree State Bird Of Punjab Gushak (Baaz) State Animal Of Punjab Blackbuck (Kala Hiran) State Tree Of Punjab Sheesham (Tahli) Total Wetland Of Punjab 3 Harike Wetland (Tarn Taran) Ropar Wetland Kanjali (Near Kapurthala) Zoological Park in Punjab 5 1. Mahindra Choudhary Zoological Park District Mohali (Also Known as Chattbir Zoo) 2. Tiger Safari Ludhiana 3. Deer Park Bir Moti Bagh Patiala 4. Deer Park Neelon(Ludhiana) 5. Deer Park Bir Talab Bathinda Botanical Garden of Punjab 5 1. Baradari Garden Patiala 2. Aam Khas Bagh Sirhind (Fatehgarh Sahib) 3. Kaima Botanic Garden Kapurthala 4. Shalimar Botanic Garden Kapurthala 15

16 5. Ram Bagh Botanical Garden Amritsar Fair and Festival of Punjab Maghi Mela Muktsar Rural Olympic Kila Raipur, Ludhiana Fair of Light Jagraon, Ludhiana Jarag Mela Pail Village, Ludhiana Kisan Mela PAU, Ludhiana Chhapar Mela Jalandhar Ludhiana Mela Gadri Babian Da Desh Bhagat Yadgar Hall, Jalandhar Baba Sodal Mela Jalandhar Harballabh Classical Music Fest Devi Talab Temple, Jalandhar Hola Mohalla Shri Anandpur Sahib Urs of Sheikh Ahmed, Rauza Sharif Sirhind Shaheedi Jor Mela Sirhind Shaikh Farid Fair Faridkot Vaisakhi Fair Talwandi Sabo, Amritsar Punjab : The Folk Dances MALE FOLK DANCES 1. Bhangra 2. Jhummer 3. Luddi 4. Julli 5. Dankara 6. Dhumal FEMALE FOLK DANCES 1. Sammi 2. Giddha 3. Jaago 4. Kikli 16

17 Literature Poetry and Drama in Punjab The lyrical e 韞 usions of those blessed men, incidentally, gave birth to a distinct stream of the poetry of this land, called Su 韺 Kavya-Dhara, which inherits a rich and long literary tradition. The content and form, scope and standard as well as the 韺 ow of masterly beauty of Farid Bani, which has come down to us through the grace of Guru Granth Sahib, is a proof of this 'Dhara' having been in vogue about seven centuries ago. It was developed by Shah Hussain during the sixteenth century and raised to its pinnacle by Bulleh Shah during the eighteenth century. Its downfall began after Hashim Shah during the second half of the nineteenth century. It was, however, kept 韺 owing by Maulvi Ghulam Rasul, Syed Miran Shah and Khwaja Ghulam Farid during the next few decades. Most of all major poets of Punjab have, more or less, been in 韺 uenced by it. Its in 韺 uence on the Non-Muslim mystic poets of the 韺 rst half of the twentieth century viz. Sant Rein, Sadhu Daya Singh, Paul Singh Arif, Man Singh Kalidas and Kishan Singh Arif is quite evident. Even the poets of the modern period, including Bhai Vir Singh ( ), the father of modern Punjabi literature, have also imbibed its impact. Sheikh Farid-ud-din, ( ) was the 韺 rst Su 韺 poet who sang of his insatiable hunger for the love of the Lord in works of immortal beauty. The ka 韺 s (lyrics) of Shah Husain ( ), the popular romantic Su 韺 saint of Lahore added to Su 韺 poetry its peculiar element of masti (rapture) and introduced enraptured dancing and passionate signing. Hussain was also the 韺 rst Su 韺 poet of Punjabi who adopted the popular measure of Ka 韺 to express his mystic ideas. The credit of introducing the element of the popular love-legends of Punjab (Heer Ranjha and Sohni Mahiwal) to Su 韺 17

18 Verse and utilizing their persons, places, motifs and incidents as images, metaphors and allegories etc. also goes to him. Sultan Bahu ( ), one of the greatest mystics of India, who belonged to district Jhang, adopted the verse-form of Shiar 韺 (arostic) for the expression of his sentiments, ending every line of his verse with a lyrical tone of exquisite charm, pronounced as hoo. It was he who, preferring 'Ishq' (love) not only to 'Aqal' (wisdom) but also to 'Iman (faith). Syed Bulleh Shah ( ), was the most famous Su 韺 poet of Punjab. Bhullah's earlier verses expressed theological ideas of Islam. But when he turned a pantheist under the in 韺 uence of Vedant and Sikhism, he became so convinced of God's omnipresence and integrity of the universal soul that he began to experience and express that sort of cosmopolitan joy which knows no limits and divisions. Syed Ali Haider ( ) of Multan, was the 韺 rst Su 韺 who poetized Heer Ranjha in the form of a Qissa (long narration), entitled Qissa Heer va Ranjha, and added thereby a new tributary to the stream of Punjabi Su 韺 poetry. Fard Faqir ( ) who lived during the same time in Gujrat, also reproached the rulers of the day. But he did so, in verses as the following, for their ill treatment of laborers and workers belonging to various professions. His kasab nama broke a new ground by describing the process of wearing cloth for expressing his Su 韺 stic ideas and beliefs. Syed Hashim Shah ( ), a highly learned, proli 韺 c and multilingual writer who 韺 ourished during the Sikh supremacy in Punjab and who has been mentioned in terms of esteem even by eminent Western scholars. 18

19 In Punjabi, he versi 韺 ed the popular love-tragedies of Punjab to describe and acclaim the 'Kamal Ishq' (perfect love) of their heroes and heroines (viz. Sassi & Punnu, Heer & Ranjha, Sohni & Mahiwal, Shirin & Farhad). Syed Mir Hussain of Dinjwan, (Gurdaspur) best conveys the allegorical interpretations of Sassi Punnu, in his version entitled (Bagh-e-Mohabbat, that is, the garden of love. He interpreted almost all the characters, motives, sites, and situations of the tale in metaphorical and metaphysical terms. The Su 韺 poets of Punjab, in the similar way, utilized only those poetical modes and verse-forms, for the expression of their emotions, experiences and yearnings which were quite popular and familiar to the people of the land. They composed Shloks, Dohe, Shabads, Ka 韺 s, Khayals, Baramahs, Athwaras and Sinar 韺 s, etc. Famous Punjabi Writers Shiv kumar batalvi :He is known for his romantic poetry. His poetry recitations, and singing his own verse, made him and his work very popular amongst the masses. He became the youngest recipient of the Sahitya Akademi award in 1967 for his epic verse play Loona. His poetical works are Peeran Da Paraga (1960), Lajwanti (1961), Aate Dian Chirian (1962), Mainu Vida Karo (1963), Birha Toon Sultan (1964, a selection), Dardmandan Deean Aaheen (1964), Loonan (1965), Main Te Main (1970), and Aarti (1971). M S Randhawa : Mohinder Singh Randhawa was a Punjabi brilliant and prominent writer. As a writer some of his books like beautifying India, beautiful trees and gardens, history of Indian Agriculture( 4 volumes), Developing village india, farmers of india (4 volumes in 19

20 collaboration )nine collections of kangra, basoli and chamba paintings, four collections of folksongs of Punjab, kangara, kullu and Haryana are of lasting value. Kartar singh duggal : Duggal, Kartar Singh is one of the most proli 韺 c 韺 ctionist in Punjabi.He was honoured as the best litterateur by Punjab Government (1962), and the Sahitya Akademi awarded its annual prize on the collection of his short stories, Ik chhit chanan di in In 1981 he was honoured with the Soviet Land Nehru award. His characters are generally sex starved and abnormal souls. He portrays his feminine characters vividly but delicately, delving deep into the very dark recesses of their minds. Waris shah : Waris Shah was a Punjabi Su 韺 poet, renowned for his contribution to Punjabi literature. He is best known for his seminal work Heer Ranjha, based on the traditional folk tale of Heer and her lover Ranjha. Heer is considered one of the quintessential works of classical Punjabi literature. Famous Artist of Punjab Punjab is well known for producing world class artists who have mastered their respective 韺 elds with their unique skill and hard work. Sardar sobha Singh: One of the greatest Indian artists of twentieth century S. Sobha Singh was born on 29 Nov at Sri Hargobindpur (Gurdaspur), India. He learnt and mastered painting by self practice. In 1919 he was present in Jalianwala Bagh at the time of 韺 ring. Later, he joined the British India army as a draughtsman and was posted at various places in Iraq. He studied European Paintings and got inspiration from the works of English painters. 20

21 Gurbux Singh Theathi: Artist Gurbux Singh Theathi was born in Punjab on the 10th of November He did his matriculation in 1939 and that very year joined S. Hari Singh, a well known and a highly talented artist, as an apprentice.in 1941 he enrolled in the Lahore College of Arts and completed a one year course in Commercial Art and drawing. G S sohan singh: He is well known, Amritsar is a sacred city of the Gurus, and is the home of Sikh Art. The late Artist G.S. Sohan Singh worked hard, and raised to super-heights this cultural heritage passed on to the masses from generations to generations. G.S. Sohan Singh Artist Memorial Trust has been formulated for the preservation and presentation of his major contribution to our cultural heritage. He was apprenticed with the well-known Artist S. Hari Singh who had at that time been working in the famous Elphinston Theatrical Company, Calcutta. Later, in about on the winding up of the company, the master and the pupil both came back to Amritsar. The Artist s father had by that time retired from his service in the Golden Temple, and both father and son started painting religious themes, preparing charts for students as well as framing pictures Bhai Gian Singh Naqqash: Bhai Gian Singh ( ), a Naqqash or a Fresco-Painter was born in the city of Amritsar in His father Taba Singh was a comb-maker by profession, supplemented his meagre income by dispensing ayurvedic medicines in his spare time. At the age of 韺 ve, Gian Singh was sent to school run by Giani Thakur Singh, who later rose into prominence as a Sikh missionary and scholar Giam Thakur Singh-s in 韺 uence on him was everlasting. Bhai mardana: Mardana was the 韺 rst disciple and lifelong companion of Guru Nanak and his rebeck player. With all the wit and humor of a Punjabi minstrel, Mardana became a poet and philosopher in the Guru's company. He was a Muslim by birth and a Mirasi or minstrel 21

22 by caste and rebeck player by profession.guru Nanak changed his name to Mardana meaning brave or manly. S.G. Thakur Singh : S.G. Thakur Singh never had proper education owing to his poor family circumstances. His heart being set upon painting and drawing from a very early age, he apprenticed himself to Mohammed Alam, a local skilled Mohammedan painter of some repute. From Alam he learnt the rudiments of the art; later he accompanied Mohammed Alam to Bombay where the latter had secured a job as a stage painter in a certain theatrical company. Devender Singh : Bhai Devender Singh is an Indian painter and illustrator from Punjab who has specialised in oil painting with themes from Sikhism and Punjabi popular culture. He has produced hundreds of painting many relating to the Sikh Gurus and their history. Jagjit singh :Jagjit Singh, born Jagmohan Singh was an iconic Indian Ghazal singer, composer and musician. Known as the "Ghazal King", he gained acclaim together with his wife, another renowned Indian ghazal singer Chitra Singh in the 1970s and 1980s. Punjab is divided into three regions namely Malwa, Majha and Doaba Majha Region (Between Ravi and Beas River) Doaba Region (Between Beas and Sutlej River) Malwa Region Southern Part of Punjab (Below Sutlej River) Majha Area 4 District (Pathankot, Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Tarn Taran) Doaba Area 4 District (Hoshiarpur, Kapurthala, Jalandhar, Nawanshahr) Malwa Area -14 District ( Remaining District of Punjab ) 22

23 Ancient Name of Rivers 1. Satluj = Satlutri 2. Beas= Vipash 3. Chenab= Askini 4. Ravi = Parusthani 5. Jhelum= Vitasta 6. Indus= Sindhu 7. Saraswati = Sarusti Greek Name of Rivers 1. Satluj= Hyphasis 2. Ravi=Hydroatis 3. Beas= Hesidros 4. Jhelum=Hydaspes Doab between Rivers 1. Bist Doab = Beas and Sutlej 2. Rechna Doab= Ravi and Chenab 3. Bari Doab= Beas and Ravi 4. Chaj Doab= Chenab and Jhelum Ravi River Cross 3 District of Punjab 1. Pathankot 2. Gurdaspur 3. Amritsar 23

24 Beas River Cross 6 District Of Punjab 1. Pathankot 2. Gurdaspur 3. Amritsar 4. Hoshiarpur 5. Kapurthala 6. Tarn Taran Sutlej River Cross 9 District Of Punjab Hari ke Patan Con uence of Beas And Sutlej Bhakra Dam On Sutlej River (Distt Bilaspur, HP) Nangal Dam On Sutlej River (Ropar) Pong Dam On Beas River (Lake- Maharana Pratap, HP) Thermal Power Project 1. Guru Gobind= Ropar 2. Guru Hargobind= Lehra 3. Guru Nanak= Bathinda Municipal Corporation of Punjab 10 1 Ludhiana 2 Patiala 3 Amritsar 4 Jalandhar 5 Bathinda 24

25 6 Mohali 7 Pathankot 8 Moga 9 Phagwara 10 Hoshiarpur Administrative Divisions of Punjab 5 1.Faridkot 2.Ferozepur 3.Jalandhar 4.Patiala 5.Ropar Important National Highway NH 95 Kharar To Ferozpur (Via Morinda, Ludhiana, Moga) NH 64 Chandigarh To Dabwali (Via Patiala, Sangrur, Barnala, Bathinda) NH 15 Pathankot To Samakhiali(Gujrat)(Via Ganganagar) NH 1 Delhi To Amritsar NH 1A Jalandhar To Srinagar NH 70 Jalandhar To Mandi (Via Hoshiarpur) NH 10 Fazilka To Delhi Important Museums in Punjab Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum Amritsar. Anglo Sikh War Memorial Ferozepur 25

26 Sanghol Museum Fatehgarh Sahib Rural Museum Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana Govt. Museum Hoshiarpur Guru Tegh Bahadur Museum Anandpur Sahib. Museum of Armory & Chandeliers, Qila Mubarak Patiala. Sports Museum National Institute of Sports, Patiala Art Gallery Shish Mahal, Patiala Important Forts in Punjab Gobindgarh Fort- Amritsar Bathinda Fort Bathinda Qila Mubarak Faridkot Fort Qila Mubark Patiala Anandpur Sahib Fort Rupnagar Phillaur Fort Ludhiana Shahpur Kandi Fort Pathankot. Archaeological Sites in Punjab Evidence of Harappan Culture Ropar Dholbaha Hoshiarpur Sanghol Fatehgarh Sahib Father of Punjabi Literature Khwaja Fariduddin Masud Ganjshakar (Also Known as Baba Farid) 26

27 Punjabi Qisse Heer Ranjha Waris Shah Sohani Mahiwal Fazal Shah Mirza Sahiba Ha z Barkhurdar Sassi Punnu Shah Hussain Pooran Bhagat Qadarya Prominent Industries in Punjab Company Nestle Punjab tractors Hero cycles Sonalika tractors National fertilizers limited HMEL Re 韺 nery Location Moga Mohali Ludhiana Hoshiarpur Nangal and Bathinda Bathinda Panj Takht Akal Takht Sahib Amritsar (Oldest Takht) Takht Sri Damdama Sahib Talwandi (Guru ki kashi) Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib Anandpur Sahib Takht Sri Hazur Sahib Nanded (Maharashtra) Takht Sri Patna Sahib Patna (Bihar) Note Takht Sri Hazur Sahib and Takht Sri Patna Sahib Construct by Maharaja Ranjit Singh 27

28 Some Important Facts About Punjab 1. Punjab is the second largest producer of wheat in india. 2. Wheat production in Punjab :22% of total production of wheat in India 3. Rice production in Punjab: 12% of total production of rice in India 4. Cotton production in Punjab: 13% of total production of cotton in India 5. About 30% of the working population of the state is employed in Agricultural sector 6. Punjab s status in contribution to central Pool: (a) In wheat 1st (among all states)(45.4%) (b) In rice 2nd (among all states) (35.3%) 7. 97% of arable land in Punjab is irrigated by two methods: (a) tubewells(73%) (b) canals (27%) Horticulture Know comprise nearly 50% of Punjab s fruit production The Punjab state government has established horticultural estates: 1. Citrus estate: abohar in fazilka district, thaliwala in ferozpur district, bajwara and bhunga in hoshiarpur district and lambi in muktsar district 2. Grape estate: maur mandi in bathinda district 3. Lichi estate: saran in gurdaspur district. 28

29 Large and Medium Scale Industries The number of large and medium scale industrial units was 425 during the year with a 韺 xed investment of Rs crore. Small Scale Units: The number of small scale industrial unit was during the year Cluster projects for di 韞 erent types of industries in the state in order to provide R and D facilities to industry and enable them to do cost cutting for competing in the global market. Project for hand tools cluster at Jalandhar has already been approved by government of India. Project for foundry and machine tool cluster at Batala has also been approved by government of India. State government has also enacted a special Economic zone act, 2009 to facilitate the development of special economic zones in the state. Places of Interest in Punjab 1. Patiala= Kali Mata Temple,Sheesh Mahal, Moti Bagh 2. Amritsar= Durgiana Mandir, Ram Bagh, Ram Tirath,Golden Temple,Wagah Border,Jallianwala Bagh 3. Kapurthala= Pushpa Gujral City 4. Ludhiana= Maharaja Ranjit Singh War Museum 5. Jalandhar=Devi Talab Mandir 6. Moga=Nestle a Swiss Company 7. Firozpur= Shaheed Bhagat Singh Memorial,National Martyr Memorial Hussainiwala, Anglo-Sikh-War Memorial 8. Fatehgarh Sahib= Sangla, Aam Khas Bagh,Rauza Sharif 29

30 9. Mohali=Punjab School Education Board 10. Gurdaspur=Kalanaur 11. Ropar= Virasat-e-Khalsa at Anandpur Sahib,Bhakra Dam Districts Tehsils and Sub-Tehsils in Punjab There are total 82 tehsils in Punjab and 87 sub-tehsils in Punjab. For the civil administrative purpose, the state of Punjab is divided into 5 divisions, divisions are divided into 22 districts and the districts are further divided into subdivisions(tehsils). Some of the latest changes to the tehsils and sub-tehsils in Punjab is given below: * Maur in district Bathinda is the latest addition to the list of tehsils. * Zirakpur in Mohali district is the newly created sub-tehsil. * Banur sub-tehsil was earlier in Patiala district and now it is shifted to Mohali. District Tehsils Sub Tehsils Amritsar Barnala Bathinda Faridkot Fatehgarh Sahib 1. Ajnala 2. Amritsar-1 3. Amritsar-2 4. Baba Bakala 1. Barnala 2. Tapa 1. Bathinda 2. Rampura Phul 3. Talwandi Sabo 4. Maur 1. Faridkot 2. Jaito 3. Kot Kapura 1. Amloh 2. Bassi Pathana 3. Fatehgarh Sahib 4. Khamanon Atari 2. Lopoke 3. Majitha 4. Ramdas 5. Tarsika 1. Bhadaur 2. Dhanaula 3. Mehal Kalan 1. Balianwali 2. Bhagta Bhaika 3. Goniana 4. Nathana 5. Sangat 1. Sadiq 1. Mandi Gobindgarh

31 Fazilka Ferozepur Gurdaspur Hoshiarpur Jalandhar Kapurthala Ludhiana Mansa Moga 1. Abohar 2. Fazilka 3. Jalalabad 1. Firozpur 2. Guru Harsahai 3. Zira 1. Batala 2. Dera Baba Nanak 3. Gurdaspur 1. Dasuya 2. Garhshankar 3. Hoshiarpur 4. Mukerian 1. Jalandhar-1 2. Jalandhar-2 3. Nakodar 4. Phillaur 5. Shahkot 1. Bholath 2. Kapurthala 3. Phagwara 4. Sultanpur Lodhi 1. Jagraon 2. Khanna 3. Ludhiana East 4. Ludhiana West 5. Payal 6. Raikot 7. Samrala 1. Budhlada 2. Mansa 3. Sardulgarh 1. Bagha Purana 2. Dharamkot 3. Moga 4. Nihal Singh Wala 1. Arniwala Sheikh Subhan 2. Khuian Sarwar 3. Sito Guno 1. Makhu 2. Mamdot 3. Talwandi Bhai 1. Dhariwal 2. Dina Nagar 3. Fatehgarh Churian 4. Kahnuwan 5. Kalanaur 6. Naushehra Majha Singh 7. Qadian 8. Sri Hargobindpur 1. Bhunga 2. Binewal 3. Garhdiwala 4. Hajipur 5. Mahilpur 6. Talwara 7. Tanda 1. Adampur 2. Bhogpur 3. Goraya 4. Kartarpur 5. Lohian 6. Mehatpur 7. Nurmahal 1. Dhilwan 2. Talwandi Chaudhrian 1. Dehlon 2. Kum Kalan 3. Machhiwara 4. Maloud 5. Mullanpur Dakha 6. Sahnewal 7. Sidhwan Bet 1. Bareta 2. Bhikhi 3. Jhunir 4. Joga 1. Badhni Kalan 2. Kot Ise Khan 31

32 Pathankot Patiala Rupnagar S.A.S. Nagar Sangrur Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar Shri Muktsar Sahib Tarn Taran 1. Dhar Kalan 2. Pathankot 1. Nabha 2. Patiala 3. Patran 4. Rajpura 5. Samana 1. Anandpur Sahib 2. Chamkaur Sahib 3. Nangal 4. Rup Nagar 1. Ajitgarh (Mohali) 2. Dera Bassi 3. Kharar 1. Dhuri 2. Lehra 3. Malerkotla 4. Moonak 5. Sangrur 6. Sunam 1. Balachaur 2. Banga 3, Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr) 1. Gidderbaha 2. Malout 3. Shri Muktsar Sahib 1. Khadur Sahib 2. Patti 3. Tarn Taran 1. Bamial 2. Narot Jaimal Singh 1. Bhadson 2. Dudhan Sadhan 3. Ghanaur 1. Morinda 2. Nurpur Bedi 1. Banur 2. Majri 3. Zirakpur 1. Ahmedgarh 2. Amargarh 3. Bhawanigarh 4. Cheema 5. Dirba 6. Khanauri 7. Longowal 8. Sherpur There is no sub-tehsil in this district. 1. Bariwala 2. Doda 3. Lakhewali 4. Lambi 1. Bhikhiwind 2. Chohla Sahib 3. Goindwal Sahib 4. Harike 5. Jhabal 6. Khem Karan 7. Naushehra Pannuan 32

33 Punjab Government All Cabinet ministers of Punjab Minister Name Ministries / Portfolios Political Party Constituency Adaish Partap Singh Kairon 1. Food 2. Civil Supplies & Consumer A 韞 airs 3. Information & Technology 4. Food Processing SAD Patti Ajit Singh Kohar 1. Transport 2. Legal & Legislative A 韞 airs 3. Elections 4. Employment Generation & Training Anil Joshi 1. Local Government 2. Medical Education & Research SAD BJP Shahkot Amritsar North Bhagat Chunni Lal 1. Forest & Wild Life 2. Labour BJP Jalandhar West Bikram Singh Majithia 1. Revenue 2. Rehabilitation & Disaster Management 3. Information & Public Relations 4. Non Conventional Energy SAD Majitha Dr. Daljit Singh Cheema 1. Education SAD Rup Nagar Gulzar Singh Ranike 1. Animal Husbandry & Fisheries 2. Dairy Development 3. Welfare of SCs & BCs SAD Attari 33

34 Janmeja Singh Sekhon 1. P.W.D (B & R) 2. Defence Services Welfare 3. Removal of Grievances & Welfare of Pensioners SAD Maur Madan Mohan Mittal 1. Industries & Commerce 2. Technical Education & Industrial Training 3. Parliamentary A 韞 airs BJP Anandpur Sahib Parkash Singh Badal 1. Chief Minister of Punjab 2. Personnel 3. General Administration 4. Co-operation 5. Science Technology & Environment 6. Vigilance 7. Civil Aviation SAD Lambi Parminder Singh Dhindsa 1. Finance & Planning 2. Institutional Finance & Banking 3. Programme Implementation SAD Sunam Sharanjit Singh Dhillon 1. Irrigation SAD Sahnewal Sikandar Singh Maluka 1. Rural Development & Panchayats SAD Rampura Phul Sohal Singh Thandal 1. Jails 2. Tourism 3. Cultural A 韞 airs 4. Archives & Museums 5. Printing & Stationery SAD Chabbewal Sukhbir Singh Badal 1. Deputy Chief Minister of Punjab 2. Home 3. Governance Reforms 4. Housing & Urban Development 5. Excise & Taxation 6. Investment Promotion SAD Jalalabad 34

35 7. Sports & Youth Services Welfare 8. Power Surjit Kumar Jayani 1. Health & Family Welfare 2. Social Security & Development of Women & Children BJP Fazilka Surjit Singh Rakhra 1. Water Supply & Sanitation 2. Higher Education & Languages SAD Samana Tota Singh 1. Agriculture 2. NRI A 韞 airs SAD Dharamkot All Lok sabha members of Punjab S.No. Member Name Political Party Constituency Name 1 Amarinder Singh INC Amritsar 2 Bhagwant Mann AAP Sangrur 3 Dharam Vira Gandhi AAP Patiala 4 Harinder Singh AAP Khalsa 5 Harsimrat Kaur Badal SAD Bathinda 6 Prem Singh Chandumajra SAD Anandpur Sahib 35

36 7 Ranjit Singh Brahmpura SAD Khadoor Sahib 8 Ravneet Singh INC Ludhiana 9 Sadhu Singh AAP Faridkot 10 Santokh Singh Chaudhary INC Jalandhar 11 Sher Singh Ghubaya SAD Ferozpur 12 Vijay Sampla BJP Hoshiarpur 13 Vinod Khanna BJP Gurdaspur All Rajya sabha members of Punjab S.No. Rajya Sabha Member Name Political Party 1 Ambika Soni INC 2 Balwinder Singh Bhunder Shiromani Akali Dal 3 Naresh Gujral Shiromani Akali Dal 4 Sardar SukhDev Singh Dhindsa Shiromani Akali Dal 5 Partap Singh Bajwa INC 36

37 6 Shamsher Singh Dullo INC 7 Shwet Malik BJP Punjab Government Schemes for Women and Child Department of Social Security and Development of Women and Children, Punjab is implementing various schemes, programmes, social welfare schemes,health and Nutrition, scholarship for women empowerment, Girl Child pregnant women, mothers, ward members, Anganwadi Workers, Women Health Volunteers, the women living in the rural & tribal areas, ex-servicemen, physically handicapped, nursing women, Lactating mother, widows/destitute, Old age women, women self-help group (SHG), Women Entrepreneurs and Adolescent Girls. Also special assistance is given to the women and child belonging to Scheduled Caste(SC) and Scheduled Tribe(ST), Other Backward Classes(OBC), Socially and Educationally Backward Classes(SEBC) Minority Category and below poverty line(bpl). It gives assistance in the form of Subsidy on the loans,education, Training, Financial assistance/cash,scholarship,nutrition,self employment and others much more etc. Women and Child Schemes of Punjab Government Financial Assistance to dependent children 37

38 Financial Assistance to the Widows and Destitute Women Home For Widows & Destitute Women, And Training-Cum Production Centre Hostel Facility for SC in schools and colleges JanaShree Bima Yojana Mahila Jagriti Yojana Schemes for Girls Balri Rakshak Yojna Bebe Nanki Laadli Beti Kalyan Scheme Kanya Jagriti Jyoti Scheme Mai Bhago Vidya Scheme Scheme for providing Education to Orphan Girls Shagun Scheme Thanks for downloading pdf.. 38

39 This Punjab Power Capsule is very useful for the various punjab govt. exams like PPSC, PSSSB,EXCISE etc Visit for Latest jobs notiᡁcations,current a 兩 airs,study material, ebooks, admit card and many more updates... For Punjab Related News,JOBS visit our website 39

40 Important Punjab GK Questions and Answers from previous papers 1. Goindwal is situated in which district of Punjab = Tarn Taran 2. Treaty of Amritsar was signed between whom and at which place = William Bentick & Ranjit Singh at Ropar. 3. First Asian to be selected as chairman of Commonwealth Parliament Executive Forum = Balram Jakhar 4. First non-congress Chief Minister in India= Gain Singh Rarewala 5. Who known as Punjab s Beard Mother Teresa = Bhagat Puran Singh 6. Who known as Nightingale of Punjab = Surinder Kaur 7. Mohan Singh Memorial International Cultural mela is held at = Ludhiana 8. Who won both Sahtiya Akadami Award and Sangeet Natak Akadami award = Balwant Garg 9. Who is author of the book My Other Two Daughters = Surjit Singh Barnala 10. First woman to win Sahtiya Akadami Award= Amrita Pritam 11. The youngest recipient of Sahtiya Akadami Award Shiv Kumar Batalavi 12. Which former Punjab DGP faced as assassination attempt while posted an Indian ambassador in Romaina= Julio Ribiero 13. Who enjoyed the longest tenure as president of SGPC= Gurcharan Singh Tohra 14. Harcharan Singh Brar served as governor in which states= Orissa and Haryana 15. When was the post of Chief Commissioner of Chandigarh abolished = Hola Mohalla, a sikh festival is held on = one day after holi 17. Dhyan Chand, famous hockey player belong to w hich state= Madhya Pradesh 18. Which famous sportsperson declined Arjuna award in 2001= Milkha Singh 19. Who was the 韺 rst Indian women to win a gold medal at Asian Games= Kamaljeet Sandhu Kooner 20. Who was the upramukh of PEPSU= Jagjit Singh 21. The book Bullet for Bullet was written by= Julio Ribiero 22. Who was the 韺 rst CM after the linguistic reorganization of Punjab= Giani Gurmukh Singh Mussa 韺 r 23. The Supercorp KPS Gill belong to which cadre= Assam 40

41 24. Yadwindra Garden is located at = Pinjore 25. The Cotton Belt of Punjab is located in which Physiographic region of Punjab= Malwa 26. Who along with Bhim Sen sachar was the Architect of Giani Sachar Formula= Giani Kartar Singh 27. First President of the SGPC= Baba Kharak Singh 28. At which place in Punjab region were the Ashokan inscription found= Taxila 29. The battle of Chapar-Chiri was fought between= Banda Bahadur and Wazir Khan 30. When was the president s rule imposed for the 韺 rst time in Punjab= Harivallabh Sanget Sammelan is held at = Jalandhar 32. Headquarter of DOORDARSHAN at= Jalandhar 33. Before 1962 Punjab Agriculture University(PAU) was kown as= College of Agriculture 34. Punjabi language is considered to be a successor of which language = Saraseni Prakrit 35. Who is considered to be a pioneer of Punjabi Literacy tradition= Sheikh Farid 36. In which year, Upper Bari Doab Canal was completed= Which Governors of Punjab died in a plane crash while in o 韉 ce=surinder Nath 38. When was the Anandpur resolution adopted= Who is related with Anjuman-i-mohisban-i-watan = Sardar Ajit Singh 40. Name the revered Sikh sepoy who died in Singapore while imprisoned on charges of mutiny= Bhai Maharaj Singh 41. Where was the country s 韺 rst Solar Power Plant Commissioned= Anandpur Shahib 42. Phagwara Tehsil is a non-contiguous pocket of which district of Punjab= Kapurthala 43. kandi is name given to which physiographich region of Punjab= The sub-mountanious upland Plain 44. What are Choes = Ephemeral stream of upland plains 45. Punjab Police Academy is situated in Punjab at = Phillaur 46. Punjab Police Academy is named after which of legend = Ranjit Singh 47. Who worte the book nimm de patte = Balwant Gargi 48. Who said we are not Sikh or Punjabis. Our Religion was patriotism = Sohan Singh Bhakna 49. Who was the 韺 rst su 韺 poet of Punjab who adopted the popular measure of ka 韺 to express his mystic ideas= Bulleh shah 41

42 50. Last battle Gurdas Nangal fought by Banda Bahadur against the Mughal in year = 1715 AD 51. At which place Banda Bahadur executed in time of farrukhsiyar = Delhi 52. Which script have been engraved on to the Banda Singh introduced Nanakshahi and Gobind Shahi coin= Persian 53. How many times did Abdali attack Punjab= 8 times 54. How old was Ranjit Singh when Maha Singh passed away = What name did Ranjit Singh give to the coin he introduced= Nanak Sahi 56. Which had the 韺 rst victory of Maharaja Ranjit Singh been= Lahore 57. What was the occasion when Maharaja Ranjit Singh was entitled with Maharaja = Baisakhi 58. What was the name of Kanwar Kharak Singh s wife= Chand kaur 59. Which is the new created city in Punjab = Anandgarh 60. When was Punjabi University Patiala established = When was the use of Punjabi made compulsoryin the year = When was the Punjabi decalred as a o 韉 cial language in Punjab = Punjab is rich in = The Rock Salt 64. City of Graden of Punjab is = Patiala 65. Which is the least source of tax revenue of Punjab Government= Entertainment Tax 66. Which novel by Jaswant Singh Kanwal was given The Shatiya Akadami Award = Toshali Di Hanso 67. Which Dialect is spoken in Roopnagar = Pawadi 68. Neelam Maan Singhis associated with = Theatre 69. Jarag Fair is held in which of the district = Ludhiana 70. Sobha Singh and Amrita Singh is associated with = Painting 71. Who was the Chief Minister of Punjab during Operation Blue Star = Surjit Singh Barnala 72. When GNDU established = The G.T road starts from Amritsar, ends in = Calcutta 74. Martyr Udham Singh belong to = Moga 75. Late famous Film Sstar Devanand belong to = Gurdaspur 76. What is the script in which Dasam Granth is written = Gurumukhi 77. In which area was the play Kheode mostly played= Amritsar 78. Where was the 韺 rst session of Muslim league held = Amritsar 79. Punjab University was set up in year =

43 80. With whose association did Bhagat Singh set up the Naujawan Bharat Sabha in 1926= Chabil Das and Yashpal 81. According to 2011 census what percentage of working population of state is employed in agriculture sector= 39% 82. Punjab position in the matter of Urbanization= 5th 83. In which year Arya Samaj was established in Punjab= Jallianwala Bagh Trust is headed by = Dr. Manmohan Singh 85. PAU 201 is variety of = Rice 86. First National Conference on sports was held at= Punjabi University Patiala 87. Who wrote 韺 rst scienti 韺 c history of Punjabi literature = Mohan Singh Dewana 88. Biggest Mill of Punjab = Doaba Co-Operative mills limited, Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar(Nawashahar) 89. Smallest Sugar Mill of Punjab= Punjab Co-operative Sugar Mill, Rakhra 90. To where Ram Singh deported by Britisher =Burma(Mayanmar) 91. Guru Granth Shahib University set up at = Fatehgarh Sahib 92. Who is the pioneer of Punjabi Novel= Nanak Singh 93. In how many Agro-Climate region Punjab has been divided= First athlete of Punjab recipient of Padmashree= Milkha Singh 95. Total number of Sabad /Slokas in Guru Granth Shahib = Performing art of Punjab is = Nakal 97. When was Guru Granth Sahib kept in Golden Temple(Harminder Sahib) for the 韺 rst time = 1 september, Who edited the Guru Granth Sahib 韺 rst time = Guru Arjun Dev Ji 99. Who cremated the headless body of Guru Tegh Bahadur= Lakhi Shah Banjara 100. Who took away the head of Guru Tegh Bahadur from Chadni Chowk and where = Bhai Jaita (jeevan) to Anandpur Sahib 101.Where is the sikh heritage complex located = Anandpur Sahib for more updates.. 43

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