This page intentionally left blank

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "This page intentionally left blank"

Transcription

1 THE KURDS ASCENDING

2 This page intentionally left blank

3 THE KURDS ASCENDING THE EVOLVING SOLUTION TO THE KURDISH PROBLEM IN IRAQ AND TURKEY MICHAEL M. GUNTER

4 THE KURDS ASCENDING Copyright Michael M. Gunter, Softcover reprint of the hardcover 1st edition All rights reserved. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles or reviews. First published in 2008 by PALGRAVE MACMILLAN 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y and Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, England RG21 6XS Companies and representatives throughout the world. PALGRAVE MACMILLAN is the global academic imprint of the Palgrave Macmillan division of St. Martin s Press, LLC and of Palgrave Macmillan Ltd. Macmillan is a registered trademark in the United States, United Kingdom and other countries. Palgrave is a registered trademark in the European Union and other countries. ISBN ISBN (ebook) DOI / Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Gunter, Michael M. The Kurds ascending : the evolving solution to the Kurdish problem in Iraq and Turkey / Michael M. Gunter. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. 1. Kurds Iraq Politics and government 21st century. 2. Kurds Turkey Politics and government 21st century. I. Title. DS70.8.K8G dc A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. Design by Newgen Imaging Systems (P) Ltd., Chennai, India. First edition: January

5 To my many students at Tennessee Technological University and elsewhere

6 This page intentionally left blank

7 CONTENTS Introduction List of Abbreviations ix xiii 1 Historical Overview 1 2 The Iraqi Kurds Federalism Imperative 19 3 The Changing Dynamics in the Kurdistan Regional Government of Iraq 35 4 After Ocalan s Capture 59 5 Turkey s EU Promise 93 6 Taming Turkey s Deep State The Other Kurds in Iran and Syria Conclusion 137 Notes 139 Select Bibliography 161 Index 171

8 This page intentionally left blank

9 INTRODUCTION For the first time in their modern history, the Kurds in Iraq and Turkey, at least, are cautiously ascending. This is because of two major reasons. (1) In northern Iraq the two U.S. wars against Saddam Hussein have had the fortuitous side effect of helping to create a Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). The KRG has become an island of democratic stability, peace, and burgeoning economic progress, as well as an autonomous part of a projected federal, democratic, post Saddam Hussein Iraq. If such an Iraq proves impossible to construct, as it well may, the KRG is positioned to become independent. Either way, the evolution of a solution to the Kurdish problem in Iraq is clear. (2) Furthermore, Turkey s successful European Union (EU) candidacy would have the additional fortuitous side effect of granting that country s ethnic Kurds their full democratic rights, which have hitherto been denied. Although this evolving solution to the Kurdish problem in Iraq and Turkey remains cautiously fragile and would not apply to the Kurds in Iran and Syria because they have not experienced the recent developments their co-nationals in Iraq and Turkey have, it does represent a strikingly positive future that until recently seemed so bleak. I first became interested in the Kurdish problem while I was a Senior Fulbright Lecturer in International Relations in Turkey

10 x INTRODUCTION during Over the years I became possibly the only Western scholar to meet and interview arguably the three main Kurdish leaders of the past thirty years: (1) Massoud Barzani, the current president of the KRG as well as president of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) in Iraq; (2) Jalal Talabani, the current president of Iraq as well as the secretary general of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) in Iraq; and (3) Abdullah Ocalan, the imprisoned president of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) in Turkey. In addition, I count as friends a number of other important Kurdish leaders including: (1) Nechirvan Idris Barzani, the current prime minister of the unified KRG; (2) Barham Salih, the current deputy prime minister of Iraq and former prime minister of the PUK-administered KRG; (3) Noshirwan Mustafa Amin, for many years possibly the number two leader of the PUK; (4) Kosrat Rasul, another long-time leader of the PUK; (5) Hoshyar Zebari, the current foreign minister of Iraq; (6) the late Ibrahim Ahmed, the longtime leader of the KDP Politburo and father-in-law of Jalal Talabani; (7) the late Muhammad Sami Abdulrahman, another wellknown KRG leader; (8) Mahmud Othman, who is still active as a member of the Iraqi parliament, and (9) Najmaldin O. Karim, probably the most prominent spokesman for the Kurdish cause in the United States, as well as such members of the next generation of KRG leaders as Masrour Barzani and Qubad Talabany, among many others. Furthermore, as the only U.S. member of the Advisory Council of the EU Turkey Civic Commission an NGO advocating Turkish accession to the EU as a possible solution to the Kurdish problem in Turkey I have had the opportunity to meet and interact with a number of new Kurdish leaders in Turkey including the dynamic young mayor of Diyarbakir, Osman Baydemir, and the

11 INTRODUCTION xi leader of the Democratic Society Party, Ahmet Turk, as well as Kariane Westrheim who chairs the EUTCC. In addition, I personally know and interact with many of the leading scholars (mostly Western) who have been studying the Kurdish problem over the past thirty years. A partial list includes Mohammed M.A. Ahmed, Henri Barkey, Hamit Bozarslan, Joyce Blau, Nader Entessar, Edmund Ghareeb, Amir Hassanpour, Mehrdad Izady, Farideh Koohi-Kamali, Janet Klein, Philip Kreyenbroek, Sheri Laizer, Charles MacDonald, David McDowall, Lokman Meho, Brendan O Leary, Denise Natali, Kendal Nezan, Robert Olson, Khaled Salih, the late Maria O Shea, David Romano, Vera Saeedpour, Gareth Stansfield, Nouri Talabany, Abbas Vali, Nicole Watts, Ismet Cheriff Vanly, and Kerim Yildiz, among others I am sure I have inadvertently omitted. Finally, there are many Turkish scholars I know, respect, and have learned much from too including Feroz Ahmad, Tozun Bahcheli, Michael Bishku, Palmira Brummett, the late Kathleen Burrill, George Gruen, George Harris, Metin Heper, Kemal Karpat, Heath Lowry, Paul Magnarella, Sabri Sayari, the late Stanford Shaw, and M. Hakan Yavuz, among others. My oldest friend, Joseph Blair, as well as Aram Nigogosian and Charles Bolden, Jr. have given me numerous insights over the years. From all of these Kurdish leaders, Kurdish scholars, and others, I have learned much about the Kurdish problem and what it will take to begin to solve it in a manner fair to all involved including the existing states of Iraq and Turkey. A number of excellent studies on the Kurds have recently appeared. However, this is the first book that will be primarily directed at analyzing the evolving solution to the Kurdish problem in Iraq and Turkey.

12 This page intentionally left blank

13 ABBREVIATIONS AK(AKP) AK Party ANAP Motherland Party ARGK People s Liberation Army of Kurdistan BEM Big Emerging Market CHP Republican People s Party CIA Central Intelligence Agency DEHAP Democratic Peoples Party DEP Democracy Party DSP Democratic Left Party DTP Democratic Society Party DYP True Path Party ECHR European Court of Human Rights EU European Union EUTCC EU Turkey Civic Commission HADEP People s Democracy Party KDC Kurdistan Development Council KDP Kurdistan Democratic Party KDPI Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran KIU Kurdish Islamic Union KRG Kurdistan Regional Government KSDP Kurdistan Socialist Democratic Party MGK Milli Guvenlik Kurulu

14 xiv MGSB MHP(NAP) NATO OSCE PJAK PKK PUK RAF TAK TAL TMY TSK ABBREVIATIONS National Security Policy Document National (Nationalist) Action Party North Atlantic Treaty Organization Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Free Life Party of Kurdistan Kurdistan Workers Party Patriotic Union of Kurdistan Royal Air Force Kurdistan Freedom Hawks or Falcons Transnational Administrative Law antiterrorism law Turkish Armed Forces

Political Islam in Turkey

Political Islam in Turkey Political Islam in Turkey This page intentionally left blank Political Islam in Turkey Running West, Heading East? Gareth Jenkins political islam in turkey Copyright Gareth Jenkins, 2008. Softcover reprint

More information

Marxism and the Leninist Revolutionary Model

Marxism and the Leninist Revolutionary Model Marxism and the Leninist Revolutionary Model This page intentionally left blank Marxism and the Leninist Revolutionary Model William J. Davidshofer marxism and the leninist revolutionary model Copyright

More information

A Critical Study of Hans Küng s Ecclesiology

A Critical Study of Hans Küng s Ecclesiology A Critical Study of Hans Küng s Ecclesiology Other works by Corneliu C. Simuţ Richard Hooker and His Early Doctrine of Justification. A Study of His Discourse of Justification (2005). The Doctrine of Salvation

More information

THE RIGHTS OF WOMEN IN ISLAM

THE RIGHTS OF WOMEN IN ISLAM THE RIGHTS OF WOMEN IN ISLAM Also by Haifaa A. Jawad EURO-ARAB RELATIONS: A Study in Collective Diplomacy THE MIDDLE EAST IN THE NEW WORLD ORDER (editor) The Rights of Women in Islam An Authentic Approach

More information

Reading and Writing Scripture in New Religious Movements

Reading and Writing Scripture in New Religious Movements Reading and Writing Scripture in New Religious Movements Palgrave Studies in New Religions and Alternative Spiritualities Series editors: James R. Lewis and Henrik Bogdan Palgrave Studies in New Religions

More information

This page intentionally left blank

This page intentionally left blank Hallowed Secularism This page intentionally left blank Hallowed Secularism Theory, Belief, Practice Bruce Ledewitz hallowed secularism Copyright Bruce Ledewitz, 2009. Softcover reprint of the hardcover

More information

"",hi'" . -= ::-~,~-:::=- ...,.,.. ::;- -.--

,hi' . -= ::-~,~-:::=- ...,.,.. ::;- -.-- East Timor T1i\10R u:sn TIMOR-LESTE:. -= -- ::-~,~-:::=- ::;- "",hi'"....,.,.. -, -.-- -- East Timor The Price of Liberty Damien Kingsbury east timor Copyright Damien Kingsbury, 2009. Softcover reprint

More information

Muslim and Christian Understanding. Theory and Application of A Common Word

Muslim and Christian Understanding. Theory and Application of A Common Word Muslim and Christian Understanding Theory and Application of A Common Word Muslim and Christian Understanding Theory and Application of A Common Word Edited by Waleed El-Ansary and David K. Linnan MUSLIM

More information

Also by Nafsika Athanassoulis. Also by Samantha Vice

Also by Nafsika Athanassoulis. Also by Samantha Vice The Moral Life Also by Nafsika Athanassoulis MORALITY, MORAL LUCK AND RESPONSIBILITY: FORTUNE S WEB PHILOSOPHICAL REFLECTIONS ON MEDICAL ETHICS (editor) Also by Samantha Vice ETHICS IN FILM (co-editor

More information

Political Writings of Friedrich Nietzsche

Political Writings of Friedrich Nietzsche Political Writings of Friedrich Nietzsche Also by Frank Cameron NIETZSCHE AND THE PROBLEM OF MORALITY Also by Don Dombowsky NIETZSCHE S MACHIAVELLIAN POLITICS Political Writings of Friedrich Nietzsche

More information

Colonialism, Modernity, and Literature

Colonialism, Modernity, and Literature Colonialism, Modernity, and Literature The Future of Minority Studies A timely series that represents the most innovative work being done in the broad field defined as minority studies. Drawing on the

More information

From Darwin to Hitler

From Darwin to Hitler From Darwin to Hitler From Darwin to Hitler ~ Evolutionary Ethics, Eugenics, and Racism in Germany Richard Weikart palgrave macmillan * FROM DARWIN TO HITLER Richard Weikart Softcover reprint of the hardcover

More information

Religion, National Identity, and Confessional Politics in Lebanon

Religion, National Identity, and Confessional Politics in Lebanon Religion, National Identity, and Confessional Politics in Lebanon Also by Robert G. Rabil Embattled Neighbors: Syria, Israel, and Lebanon (2003) Syria, the United States, and the War on Terror in the Middle

More information

The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq Order Code RS22079 Updated August 5, 2008 The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division Summary The Kurdish-inhabited region

More information

The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq Order Code RS22079 Updated September 25, 2008 The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division Summary The Kurdish-inhabited

More information

Dialectics of Human Nature in Marx s Philosophy

Dialectics of Human Nature in Marx s Philosophy Dialectics of Human Nature in Marx s Philosophy This page intentionally left blank Dialectics of Human Nature in Marx s Philosophy Mehmet Tabak dialectics of human nature in marx s philosophy Copyright

More information

Hollywood s Representations of the Sino- Tibetan Conflict

Hollywood s Representations of the Sino- Tibetan Conflict Hollywood s Representations of the Sino- Tibetan Conflict This page intentionally left blank Hollywood s Representations of the Sino- Tibetan Conflict Politics, Culture, and Globalization Jenny George

More information

History and Causality

History and Causality History and Causality Also by Mark Hewitson EUROPE IN CRISIS: Intellectuals and the European Idea, 1917 1957 (eds, with Matthew D Auria, 2012) NATIONALISM IN GERMANY, 1848 1866: Revolutionary Nation (Palgrave

More information

Iran halts flights to Iraq's Kurdish region in retaliation for independence vote

Iran halts flights to Iraq's Kurdish region in retaliation for independence vote Iran halts flights to Iraq's Kurdish region in retaliation for independence vote 2017-09-24 17:35:05 Iran halted flights to and from Kurdish regions in northern Iraq on Sunday in retaliation to a plan

More information

Religion and International Relations

Religion and International Relations Religion and International Relations Also by K. R. Dark THE NEW WORLD AND THE NEW WORLD ORDER (with A. L. Harris) THE WAVES OF TIME: Long-Term Change and International Relations NEW STUDIES IN POST-COLD

More information

EQ: What are the key characteristics of Southwest Asia s major ethnic groups? (AKS #44b)

EQ: What are the key characteristics of Southwest Asia s major ethnic groups? (AKS #44b) EQ: What are the key characteristics of Southwest Asia s major ethnic groups? (AKS #44b) Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group. Explain the diversity of religions within

More information

DOI: / Sustainable Knowledge

DOI: / Sustainable Knowledge Sustainable Knowledge Other Palgrave Pivot titles Antonio V. Menéndez Alarcón: French and US Approaches to Foreign Policy Stephen Turner: American Sociology: From Pre-Disciplinary to Post-Normal Ekaterina

More information

MORALITY AND SOVEREIGNTY IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF HOBBES

MORALITY AND SOVEREIGNTY IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF HOBBES MORALITY AND SOVEREIGNTY IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF HOBBES Also by George Shelton DEAN TUCKER: Eighteenth-Century Economic and Political Thought Morality and Sovereignty in the Philosophy of Hobbes GEORGE SHELTON

More information

ISLAMIC ECONOMIC ALTERNATIVES

ISLAMIC ECONOMIC ALTERNATIVES ISLAMIC ECONOMIC ALTERNATIVES Also by lomo K. S. A QUESTION OF CLASS: Capital, the State and Uneven Development in Malaya * GROWTH AND STRucruRAL CHANGE IN THE MALAYSIAN ECONOMY * Also published by Palgrave

More information

The Experimental College Tufts University

The Experimental College Tufts University EXP-0062-F Fall 2015 Tuesdays 6-8:30PM Purpose and Scope The Experimental College Tufts University IRAQ: A STATE IN FLUX Owing to its strategic importance, Iraq has occupied a significant space in the

More information

The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein

The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein This page intentionally left blank The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein Deciding on Conflict Alex Roberto Hybel and Justin Matthew Kaufman THE BUSH ADMINISTRATIONS

More information

CRUSADE AGAINST DRINK IN VICTORIAN ENGLAND

CRUSADE AGAINST DRINK IN VICTORIAN ENGLAND CRUSADE AGAINST DRINK IN VICTORIAN ENGLAND Crusade against Drink in Victorian England Lilian Lewis Shiman Palgrave Macmillan UK ISBN 978-1-349-19186-4 ISBN 978-1-349-19184-0 (ebook) DOI 10.1007/978-1-349-19184-0

More information

Islami Banking and Finance Resilience and Stability in the Present System

Islami Banking and Finance Resilience and Stability in the Present System Current Issues in Islami Banking and Finance Resilience and Stability in the Present System This page intentionally left blank Current Issues in Islami Banking and Finance Resilience and Stability in the

More information

Culture, Identity, and Islamic Schooling

Culture, Identity, and Islamic Schooling Culture, Identity, and Islamic Schooling This page intentionally left blank Culture, Identity, and Islamic Schooling A Philosophical Approach Michael S. Merry palgrave macmillan culture, identity, and

More information

W o r l d v i e w s f o r t h e 2 1 s t C e n t u r y

W o r l d v i e w s f o r t h e 2 1 s t C e n t u r y W o r l d v i e w s f o r t h e 2 1 s t C e n t u r y A Monograph Series The Forgotten Kurds of Syria Michael M. Gunter Presented by The Global Connections Foundation and the University of Central Florida

More information

The Making of Western Jewry,

The Making of Western Jewry, The Making of Western Jewry, 1600 1819 Also by Lionel Kochan ACTON ON HISTORY BEYOND THE GRAVEN IMAGE THE JEW AND HIS HISTORY THE JEWISH RENAISSANCE AND SOME OF ITS DISCONTENTS JEWS, IDOLS AND MESSIAHS

More information

A traditional approach to IS based on maintaining a unified Iraq, while building up the Iraqi Government, the Kurdistan Regional Government

A traditional approach to IS based on maintaining a unified Iraq, while building up the Iraqi Government, the Kurdistan Regional Government TESTIMONY BEFORE THE SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE IRAQ AT A CROSSROADS: OPTIONS FOR U.S. POLICY JULY 24, 2014 JAMES FRANKLIN JEFFREY, PHILIP SOLONDZ DISTINQUISHED VISITING FELLOW, THE WASHINGTON

More information

Christian Mission among the Peoples of Asia

Christian Mission among the Peoples of Asia American Society of Missiology Series, No. 50 Christian Mission among the Peoples of Asia Jonathan Y. Tan ORBIS BOOKS Maryknoll, New York 10545 ORBIS BOOKS Maryknoll, New York 10545 Founded in 1970, Orbis

More information

The Plight of the Kurds and the Prospects for Federalism After the War on Iraq

The Plight of the Kurds and the Prospects for Federalism After the War on Iraq The Plight of the Kurds and the Prospects for Federalism After the War on Iraq A presentation by Othman Ali, Woodbridge College, Ontario To the Minaret of Freedom Institute Annual Dinner 2003 Aly Ramadan

More information

The Twin Precepts of the Turkish Republic

The Twin Precepts of the Turkish Republic The Twin Precepts of the Turkish Republic Nationalism and Secularism DRAFT KHRP Briefing Paper Last Updated: 08/06/07 Summary In recent months, there has been an increasingly visible nationalist rhetoric

More information

Position Papers. Implications of Downed Russian Jet on Turkey-Russia Relations

Position Papers. Implications of Downed Russian Jet on Turkey-Russia Relations Position Papers Implications of Downed Russian Jet on Turkey-Russia Relations Al Jazeera Center for Studies Al Jazeera Center for Studies Tel: +974-44663454 jcforstudies-en@aljazeera.net http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/

More information

Mullah Mustafa Barzani The Enduring Legacy of Kurdistan's Most Prominent Leader

Mullah Mustafa Barzani The Enduring Legacy of Kurdistan's Most Prominent Leader Mullah Mustafa Barzani The Enduring Legacy of Kurdistan's Most Prominent Leader Areej Malley Senior Division Historical Paper Paper Length: 2498 words 1 Mullah Mustafa Barzani died in exile in Washington

More information

This page intentionally left blank

This page intentionally left blank Muslim Ethiopia This page intentionally left blank Muslim Ethiopia The Christian Legacy, Identity Politics, and Islamic Reformism Edited by Patrick Desplat and Terje Østebø MUSLIM ETHIOPIA Copyright Patrick

More information

Overview. While Iran continues to downplay its involvement in the ongoing campaign in eastern

Overview. While Iran continues to downplay its involvement in the ongoing campaign in eastern Spotlight on Iran February 18 March 4, 2018 Author: Dr. Raz Zimmt Overview While Iran continues to downplay its involvement in the ongoing campaign in eastern Ghouta on the outskirts of Damascus, the Chief

More information

Irish Religious Conflict in Comparative Perspective

Irish Religious Conflict in Comparative Perspective Irish Religious Conflict in Comparative Perspective Histories of the Sacred and the Secular 1700 2000 General Editor: Professor David Nash (Oxford Brookes University, UK) Editorial Board: Professor Callum

More information

The Life and Times of Sidney and Beatrice Webb

The Life and Times of Sidney and Beatrice Webb The Life and Times of Sidney and Beatrice Webb Also by Royden J. Harrison BEFORE THE SOCIALISTS: Studies in Labour and Politics, 1861-81 DIVISIONS OF LABOUR (co-editor with J. Zeitlin) THE ENGLISH DEFENCE

More information

Israel and Its Mediterranean Identity

Israel and Its Mediterranean Identity Israel and Its Mediterranean Identity Israel and Its Mediterranean Identity David Ohana israel and its mediterranean identity Copyright David Ohana, 2011 Softcover reprint of the hardcover 1st edition

More information

Subscribing to Faith?

Subscribing to Faith? Subscribing to Faith? Histories of the Sacred and the Secular 1700 2000 General Editor: Professor David Nash (Oxford Brookes University, UK) Editorial Board: Professor Callum Brown (Dundee University,

More information

War on Terrorism Notes

War on Terrorism Notes War on Terrorism Notes Member of Ba'ath Party Mixing Arab nationalist, pan Arabism, Arab socialist and antiimperialist interests. Becomes president in 1979 Iranians and Iraqis fight because of religious

More information

Island Model United Nations Military Staff Committee. Military Staff Committee Background Guide ISLAND MODEL UNITED NATIONS

Island Model United Nations Military Staff Committee. Military Staff Committee Background Guide ISLAND MODEL UNITED NATIONS Background Guide ISLAND MODEL UNITED NATIONS Dear Delegates, I would like to formally welcome you to the at IMUN 2014. My name is Tyler Pickford and I will be your Director for the duration of the conference.

More information

The Challenge of Religious Discrimination at the. Dawn of the New Millennium

The Challenge of Religious Discrimination at the. Dawn of the New Millennium The Challenge of Religious Discrimination at the Dawn of the New Millennium The Challenge of Religious Discrimination at the Dawn of the New Millennium Edited by Nazila Ghanea Springer-Science+Business

More information

Routledge/SOAS Politics and Culture in the Middle East Series Edited by Tony Allan, Centre for Near and Middle Eastern Studies, School of Oriental

Routledge/SOAS Politics and Culture in the Middle East Series Edited by Tony Allan, Centre for Near and Middle Eastern Studies, School of Oriental The Kurds The position of the 19 million Kurds is an extremely complex one. Their territory is divided between 5 sovereign states, none of which has a Kurdish majority. They speak widely divergent dialects,

More information

What is behind the bombings taking place in Turkey?

What is behind the bombings taking place in Turkey? Question: بسم الرحمن الرحيم Answer to Question What is behind the bombings taking place in Turkey? (Translated) On Saturday, 17/12/2016 there was a bombing: 13 soldiers were killed on Saturday and 48 others

More information

CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web

CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Order Code 98-179 F Updated June 27, 2000 Summary Iraq s Opposition Movements Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs Foreign Affairs,

More information

The Kurds Religion. Free Download Ebook PDF THE KURDS RELIGION with premium access

The Kurds Religion. Free Download Ebook PDF THE KURDS RELIGION with premium access The Kurds Religion [PAPER] Complete List : The Kurds Religion - [EPUB] Available. Free Download Ebook PDF THE KURDS RELIGION with premium access WHO ARE THE KURDS? - BBC NEWS Tue, 21 Oct 2014 15:38:00

More information

Good Reads. Phebe Marr s The Modern History of Iraq (Westview Press, 2012) Review and author interview by George Gavrilis.

Good Reads. Phebe Marr s The Modern History of Iraq (Westview Press, 2012) Review and author interview by George Gavrilis. Good Reads Phebe Marr s The Modern History of Iraq (Westview Press, 2012) Review and author interview by George Gavrilis. Writing a historical survey of any country is no easy task. This is particularly

More information

Whither the World: The Political Economy of the Future

Whither the World: The Political Economy of the Future Whither the World: The Political Economy of the Future This page intentionally left blank Whither the World: The Political Economy of the Future Volume 1 Grzegorz W. Kolodko Professor of Economics and

More information

JUSTICE, MORALITY AND EDUCATION

JUSTICE, MORALITY AND EDUCATION JUSTICE, MORALITY AND EDUCATION Also by Les Brown GENERAL PHILOSOPHY IN EDUCATION AIMS OF EDUCATION JUSTICE, MORALITY AND EDUCATION A New Focus in Ethics in Education LesBrown M MACMILLAN Leslie Melville

More information

Islam, Modernity, and the Human Sciences

Islam, Modernity, and the Human Sciences Islam, Modernity, and the Human Sciences Islam, Modernity, and the Human Sciences Ali Zaidi Palgrave macmillan ISLAM, MODERNITY, AND THE HUMAN SCIENCES Copyright Ali Zaidi, 2011. Softcover reprint of the

More information

ORGANIZING KNOWLEDGE

ORGANIZING KNOWLEDGE ORGANIZING KNOWLEDGE ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY THEOLOGY AND SCIENCE Texts and Studies EDITED BY H. DAIBER and D. PINGREE VOLUME LXI ORGANIZING KNOWLEDGE Encyclopædic Activities in the Pre-Eighteenth Century Islamic

More information

Medieval Times in the Modern Middle East

Medieval Times in the Modern Middle East Medieval Times in the Modern Middle East July 5, 2017 As nations fail, nationalism becomes obsolete. Originally produced on June 26, 2017 for Mauldin Economics, LLC By George Friedman and Kamran Bokhari

More information

THE WAR REPORT 2017 KURDISH MILITARY FORMATIONS IN MIDDLE EASTERN BATTLEFIELDS THE GENEVA ACADEMY A JOINT CENTER OF NOVEMBER 2017 I VICKEN CHETERIAN

THE WAR REPORT 2017 KURDISH MILITARY FORMATIONS IN MIDDLE EASTERN BATTLEFIELDS THE GENEVA ACADEMY A JOINT CENTER OF NOVEMBER 2017 I VICKEN CHETERIAN THE WAR REPORT 2017 KURDISH MILITARY FORMATIONS IN MIDDLE EASTERN BATTLEFIELDS NOVEMBER 2017 I VICKEN CHETERIAN Pavel Dobrovsky THE GENEVA ACADEMY A JOINT CENTER OF ORIGINS Three factors of Kurdish history

More information

Arming Iraq s Kurds: Fighting IS, Inviting Conflict

Arming Iraq s Kurds: Fighting IS, Inviting Conflict Arming Iraq s Kurds: Fighting IS, Inviting Conflict Middle East Report N 158 12 May 2015 International Crisis Group Headquarters Avenue Louise 149 1050 Brussels, Belgium Tel: +32 2 502 90 38 Fax: +32 2

More information

Geopolitical assessment policies, Iran and Turkey to Iraqi Kurdistan

Geopolitical assessment policies, Iran and Turkey to Iraqi Kurdistan EUROPEAN ACADEMIC RESEARCH Vol. IV, Issue 12/ March 2017 ISSN 2286-4822 www.euacademic.org Impact Factor: 3.4546 (UIF) DRJI Value: 5.9 (B+) Geopolitical assessment policies, Iran and Turkey to Iraqi Kurdistan

More information

Under the theme "Love of God, and love of Neighbors" Better World Organization for Community Development

Under the theme Love of God, and love of Neighbors Better World Organization for Community Development Under the theme "Love of God, and love of Neighbors" Better World Organization for Community Development Celebrated World Interfaith Harmony Week; 1-7 February, 2018; Duhok city, Kurdistan Region of Iraq

More information

30.4 NATIONALISM IN INDIA AND SOUTHWEST ASIA

30.4 NATIONALISM IN INDIA AND SOUTHWEST ASIA flag if India (right) flags of Turkey, Iran, and Saudi Arabia (below) 30.4 NATIONALISM IN INDIA AND SOUTHWEST ASIA INDIAN NATIONALISM GROWS Two groups rid India of foreign rule: Indian National Congress

More information

MODERNIST AND FUNDAMENTALIST DEBATES IN ISLAM

MODERNIST AND FUNDAMENTALIST DEBATES IN ISLAM MODERNIST AND FUNDAMENTALIST DEBATES IN ISLAM \ HE\DEH Edited by MANSOOR MOADDEL and KAMRAN TALATTOF * MODERNIST AND FuNDAMENTALIST DEBATES IN ISLAM Copyright Mansoor Moaddel and Karnran Talattof, 2000.

More information

Catholicism in China, 1900 Present

Catholicism in China, 1900 Present Catholicism in China, 1900 Present Also by Cindy Yik-Yi Chu The Catholic Church in China: 1978 to the Present (2012) Chinese Communists and Hong Kong Capitalists: 1937 1997 (2010) Meigui xiunü, The Maryknoll

More information

New Essays on the Explanation of Action

New Essays on the Explanation of Action New Essays on the Explanation of Action Forthcoming By Constantine Sandis A Companion to the Philosophy of Action (Wiley-Blackwell) (co-edited with Timothy O Connor) New Essays on the Explanation of Action

More information

America Unravels Iraq: Kurds, Shiites, And Sunni Arabs Compete For Supremacy By Mohammed M. A. Ahmed

America Unravels Iraq: Kurds, Shiites, And Sunni Arabs Compete For Supremacy By Mohammed M. A. Ahmed America Unravels Iraq: Kurds, Shiites, And Sunni Arabs Compete For Supremacy By Mohammed M. A. Ahmed If you are looking for a book by Mohammed M. A. Ahmed America Unravels Iraq: Kurds, Shiites, and Sunni

More information

2-Provide an example of an ethnic clash we have discussed in World Cultures: 3-Fill in the chart below, using the reading and the map.

2-Provide an example of an ethnic clash we have discussed in World Cultures: 3-Fill in the chart below, using the reading and the map. Name: Date: How the Middle East Got that Way Directions : Read each section carefully, taking notes and answering questions as directed. Part 1: Introduction Violence, ethnic clashes, political instability...have

More information

Contentment in Contention

Contentment in Contention Contentment in Contention Also by Beverley Southgate: COVETOUS OF TRUTH : The Life and Work of Thomas White, 1593 1676 (1993) HISTORY: WHAT & WHY? Ancient, Modern, and Postmodern Perspectives (1996; Second

More information

THE JEWISH INTELLIGENTSIA AND RUSSIAN MARXISM

THE JEWISH INTELLIGENTSIA AND RUSSIAN MARXISM THE JEWISH INTELLIGENTSIA AND RUSSIAN MARXISM THE JEWISH INTELLIGENTSIA AND RUSSIAN MARXISM A Sociological Study of Intellectual Radicalism And Ideological Divergence Robert J. Brym Assistant Professor

More information

fundamentalism in american religion and law

fundamentalism in american religion and law fundamentalism in american religion and law Why, from Ronald Reagan to George Bush, have fundamentalists in religion and in law (originalists) exercised such political power and influence in the United

More information

Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst. Leadership reshuffle - PKK makes changes in its ranks

Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst. Leadership reshuffle - PKK makes changes in its ranks ASIA, Iran Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst Date Posted: 26-Feb-2014 Leadership reshuffle - PKK makes changes in its ranks The PKK has radically restructured its leadership positions in an attempt to increase

More information

OPINION jordan palestine ksa uae iraq. rkey iran egypt lebanon jordan palstine

OPINION jordan palestine ksa uae iraq. rkey iran egypt lebanon jordan palstine aq turkey iran egypt lebanon jordan lestine ksa uae iraq turkey iran egyp banon jordan palestine ksa uae iraq rkey iran egypt lebanon jordan palstine ksa uae iraq turkey iran egypt banon jordan palestine

More information

Improved Security Provides Opening for Cooperation March April 2017 Survey Findings. Page 1

Improved Security Provides Opening for Cooperation March April 2017 Survey Findings. Page 1 Improved Security Provides Opening for Cooperation March April 17 Survey Findings Page 1 National Survey (excluding areas currently held by ISIS) March 26 April 21, 17 The research 1,338 respondents (unweighted

More information

OFFICE OF RESEARCH OPINION ANALYSIS. Iraqi Public Has Wide Ranging Preferences for a Future Political System

OFFICE OF RESEARCH OPINION ANALYSIS. Iraqi Public Has Wide Ranging Preferences for a Future Political System OFFICE OF RESEARCH October 21, 3003 OPINION ANALYSIS DEPARTMENT OF STATE WASHINGTON, DC 20520 M-151-03 Iraqi Public Has Wide Ranging Preferences for a Future Political System This Office of Research survey

More information

A History of the Application of Islamic Law in Nigeria

A History of the Application of Islamic Law in Nigeria A History of the Application of Islamic Law in Nigeria Yushau Sodiq A History of the Application of Islamic Law in Nigeria Yushau Sodiq Texas Christian University Fort Worth, Texas, USA ISBN 978-3-319-50599-2

More information

Paul s First Epistle

Paul s First Epistle Paul s First Epistle to the Corinthians Brigham Young University New Testament Commentary Richard D. Draper and Michael D. Rhodes BYU Studies Provo, Utah BYU New Testament Commentary Series Board of Editors

More information

Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station

Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station a. Explain the difference between an ethnic group and a religious group. Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station An ethnic group is a group of people who share cultural ideas and beliefs that have been a part

More information

Turkey s Foreign Policy and the Middle East under AKP Rule

Turkey s Foreign Policy and the Middle East under AKP Rule ZNUV 2016;48(3);5-24 5 Davut Han Aslan, Omurcan Eralmac Akademia Finansów i Biznesu Vistula Warszawa Senol Ozaydin Bursa Orhangazi University Bursa / Turkey Turkey s Foreign Policy and the Middle East

More information

The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences Herbert Gintis Princeton University Press

More information

YOUTUBE. Online Debates, Protests, and Extremism. Ahmed Al-Rawi

YOUTUBE. Online Debates, Protests, and Extremism. Ahmed Al-Rawi YOUTUBE Online Debates, Protests, and Extremism Ahmed Al-Rawi Islam on YouTube Ahmed Al-Rawi Islam on YouTube Online Debates, Protests, and Extremism Ahmed Al-Rawi Concordia University Montreal, QC, Canada

More information

Journalism and Memorialization in the Age of Social Media

Journalism and Memorialization in the Age of Social Media Journalism and Memorialization in the Age of Social Media This page intentionally left blank Journalism and Memorialization in the Age of Social Media Peter Joseph Gloviczki JOURNALISM AND MEMORIALIZATION

More information

The Colonial Policy of the Syrian Baath Party in Western Kurdistan

The Colonial Policy of the Syrian Baath Party in Western Kurdistan Dr. Jawad Mella The Colonial Policy of the Syrian Baath Party in Western Kurdistan Publication of Western Kurdistan Association London 2006-1 - Dr. Jawed Mella The Colonial Policy of the Syrian Baath Party

More information

VIETNAM, JEWS AND THE MIDDLE EAST

VIETNAM, JEWS AND THE MIDDLE EAST VIETNAM, JEWS AND THE MIDDLE EAST Also by Judith A. Klinghoffer ISRAEL AND THE SOVIET UNION: Alienation or Reconciliation (co-author) THE CITIZEN PLANNER THE FEDERAL COLLECTION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE STATISTICS

More information

June, 1988 Saddam and Senior Advisers Discussing Iraq's Stance toward International Law, Relations with Turkey, Kurdish Autonomy, and Other Issues

June, 1988 Saddam and Senior Advisers Discussing Iraq's Stance toward International Law, Relations with Turkey, Kurdish Autonomy, and Other Issues Digital Archive International History Declassified digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org June, 1988 Saddam and Senior Advisers Discussing Iraq's Stance toward International Law, Relations with Turkey, Kurdish

More information

DICKENS AND CHARITY. Norris Pope

DICKENS AND CHARITY. Norris Pope DICKENS AND CHARITY DICKENS AND CHARITY Norris Pope Norris Francis Pope 1978 Softcover reprint of the hardcover 1st edition 1978 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted,

More information

Changing Boundaries of Identity and Political Islam in Turkey

Changing Boundaries of Identity and Political Islam in Turkey Changing Boundaries of Identity and Political Islam in Turkey Ela Ogru Abstract Since its inception in 1923, the Turkish Republic has been subject to political instability as a result of conflicting identity-based

More information

Civilian Research Project

Civilian Research Project Civilian Research Project Challenges to Stability Assistance in Rojava: A United States Policy Option by LTC Joseph W. Wortham United States Army Under the Direction of: Natalina MirovitskayaNatalia Mirovitskaya

More information

Christian. Interpretations. of Genesis 1

Christian. Interpretations. of Genesis 1 Christian Interpretations of Genesis 1 Christian answers to hard questions Christian Interpretations of Genesis 1 Christianity and the Role of Philosophy Creation, Evolution, and Intelligent Design The

More information

Protecting Kurdistan: the Peshmerga Before, During, and After ISIS

Protecting Kurdistan: the Peshmerga Before, During, and After ISIS Chapter 3 Protecting Kurdistan: the Peshmerga Before, During, and After ISIS Sirwan Barzani The Peshmerga, 1 the literal meaning of which is those who face death, are Kurdish fighters who protect the Kurdish

More information

Muhammad Haniff Hassan CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE IN ISLAM. A Contemporary Debate

Muhammad Haniff Hassan CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE IN ISLAM. A Contemporary Debate Muhammad Haniff Hassan CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE IN ISLAM A Contemporary Debate Civil Disobedience in Islam Muhammad Haniff Hassan Civil Disobedience in Islam A Contemporary Debate Muhammad Haniff Hassan Nanyang

More information

The French Enlightenment and the Emergence of Modern Cynicism

The French Enlightenment and the Emergence of Modern Cynicism The French Enlightenment and the Emergence of Modern Cynicism analyzes cynicism from a political-theoretical perspective, arguing that cynicism is not unique to our time. Instead, she posits that cynicism

More information

THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014

THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014 PLEASE NOTE THE ANDREW MARR SHOW MUST BE CREDITED IF ANY PART OF THIS TRANSCRIPT IS USED THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014 Now looking at the violence now

More information

Alexis de Tocqueville and the New Science of Politics

Alexis de Tocqueville and the New Science of Politics Alexis de Tocqueville and the New Science of Politics An Interpretation of Democracy in America Second Edition John C. Koritansky Carolina Academic Press Durham, North Carolina Copyright 2010 John C. Koritansky

More information

THE 2014 ELECTIONS, ISIS OPERATIONS AND THE FUTURE OF IRAQ

THE 2014 ELECTIONS, ISIS OPERATIONS AND THE FUTURE OF IRAQ THE 2014 ELECTIONS, ISIS OPERATIONS AND THE FUTURE OF IRAQ Report No: 190 June 2014 ISBN: 978-605-4615-88-9 Ankara - TURKEY 2014 Content of this report is copyrighted to. Except reasonable and partial

More information

BACKGROUNDER. Syrian Kurds and the Democratic Union Party (PYD)

BACKGROUNDER. Syrian Kurds and the Democratic Union Party (PYD) John Caves BACKGROUNDER December 6, 2012 Syrian Kurds and the Democratic Union Party (PYD) The operational decision made by the Assad regime in mid-july 2012 to withdraw the majority of its forces from

More information

LASALLE COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL

LASALLE COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL LASALLE COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL FRESHMAN SUMMER READING 2012 SOCIAL STUDIES DEPARTMENT BOOK: Children of Jihad by Jared Cohen ISBN: 13: 978-1592403998 During your reading you will be responsible for the following.

More information

UNDERSTANDING THE ISLAMIC STATE

UNDERSTANDING THE ISLAMIC STATE UNDERSTANDING THE ISLAMIC STATE INTRODUCTION CRT BRIEFING, 4 SEPTEMBER 2014 Since June 2014, the Islamic State (IS) has been advancing throughout Iraq. The group now controls a large amount of territory

More information

Assyria UNPO REPRESENTATION STATISTICS. Status: Unrecognised Indigenous Group

Assyria UNPO REPRESENTATION STATISTICS. Status: Unrecognised Indigenous Group Assyria STATISTICS Status: Unrecognised Indigenous Group Population: The total Assyrian population, including the Diaspora, is estimated at 3.3 million Capital City: Nineveh, Ancient Assyrian Capital (Iraq)

More information

The Global Resurgence of Religion and the Transformation of International Relations

The Global Resurgence of Religion and the Transformation of International Relations The Global Resurgence of Religion and the Transformation of International Relations Culture and Religion in International Relations Series Editors Yosef Lapid and Friedrich Kratochwil Published by Palgrave

More information

MAX SCHELER'S CONCEPT OF THE PERSON

MAX SCHELER'S CONCEPT OF THE PERSON MAX SCHELER'S CONCEPT OF THE PERSON Max Scheler's Concept of the Person An Ethics of Humanism Ron Perrin Professor of Political Theory University of Montana Missoula, U.SA. Palgrave Macmillan ISBN 978-1-349-21401-3

More information

Syrian Opposition Survey June 1 July 2, Democratic Models

Syrian Opposition Survey June 1 July 2, Democratic Models Syrian Opposition Survey June 1 July 2, 2012 Democratic Models Being democratic sometimes means different things to different people. In your own opinion, how important are each of the following to democracy

More information