Iran halts flights to Iraq's Kurdish region in retaliation for independence vote

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Iran halts flights to Iraq's Kurdish region in retaliation for independence vote"

Transcription

1 Iran halts flights to Iraq's Kurdish region in retaliation for independence vote :35:05 Iran halted flights to and from Kurdish regions in northern Iraq on Sunday in retaliation to a plan by the autonomous Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) to hold a referendum on independence. It also started wargames at the Kurdish border. The air embargo is the first concrete retaliatory measure against Monday s Kurdish referendum which is rejected by the government in Baghdad and by Iraq s powerful neighbors, Iran and Turkey. Iranian authorities stopped air traffic to the international airports of Erbil and Sulaimaniya, in page 1 / 5

2 Iraqi Kurdistan, upon a request from Baghdad, Fars News Agency said. Tehran and Ankara fear the spread of separatism to their own Kurds. Iran also supports Shi ite groups who have been ruling or holding key security and government positions in Iraq since the 2003 U.S-led invasion which toppled Saddam Hussein. Turkey, meanwhile, said on Sunday its aircraft launched strikes against Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) targets in northern Iraq s Gara region on Saturday after spotting militants preparing to attack Turkish military outposts on the border. Turkey will never ever tolerate any status change or any new formations on its southern borders, Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said. The KRG will be primarily responsible for the probable developments after this referendum. The KRG has resisted calls to delay the referendum by the United Nations, the United States and Britain who fear it could further destabilize the region. The vote, expected to result in a comfortable yes to independence, is not binding and is meant to give the KRG a legitimate mandate to negotiate the secession of the autonomous page 2 / 5

3 region with Baghdad and the neighboring countries. The KRG says the vote acknowledges the Kurds crucial contribution confronting Islamic State after it overwhelmed the Iraqi army in 2014 and seized control of a third of Iraq. Iranian State broadcaster IRIB said military drills, part of annual events held in Iran to mark the beginning of the war with Iraq, were launched in the Oshnavieh border region. The war games will include artillery, armored and airborne units, it said. Clashes with Iranian Kurdish militant groups based in Iraq are fairly common in the border area. INSURGENCY On Saturday, Turkish warplanes destroyed gun positions, caves and shelters used by PKK page 3 / 5

4 militants, a military statement from Ankara said. Turkey s air force frequently carries out such air strikes against the PKK in northern Iraq, where its commanders are based. Turkey s parliament voted on Saturday to extend by a year a mandate authorizing the deployment of Turkish troops in Iraq and Syria. The PKK launched an insurgency in More than 40,000 people have been killed in the conflict. It is designated a terrorist group by Turkey, the United States and the European Union. The U.S. embassy in Iraq cautioned its citizens that there may be unrest during a referendum, -especially in territories disputed between the KRG and the central government like the multi ethnic oil-rich region of Kirkuk. Three Kurdish Peshmerga fighters were killed and five wounded on Saturday when an explosive device blew up near their vehicle south Kirkuk, security sources said. The explosion happened in Daquq, a region bordering Islamic State-held areas, the sources said. page 4 / 5

5 Powered by TCPDF ( Islamic State s caliphate effectively collapsed in July, when a U.S.-backed Iraqi offensive, in which the Peshmerga took part, captured their stronghold Mosul, in northern Iraq. The group continues to control a pocket west of Kirkuk and a stretch alongside the Syrian border and inside Syria. Reporting by Dubai newsroom and Daren Butler in Istanbul. Writing by Maher Chmaytelli; Editing by Toby Chopra رابط الخبر جميع الحقوق محفوظة page 5 / 5

II. From civil war to regional confrontation

II. From civil war to regional confrontation II. From civil war to regional confrontation Following the initial legitimate demands of the Syrian people, the conflict took on the regional and international dimensions of a long term conflict. Are neighboring

More information

Island Model United Nations Military Staff Committee. Military Staff Committee Background Guide ISLAND MODEL UNITED NATIONS

Island Model United Nations Military Staff Committee. Military Staff Committee Background Guide ISLAND MODEL UNITED NATIONS Background Guide ISLAND MODEL UNITED NATIONS Dear Delegates, I would like to formally welcome you to the at IMUN 2014. My name is Tyler Pickford and I will be your Director for the duration of the conference.

More information

Regional Issues. Conflicts in the Middle East. Importance of Oil. Growth of Islamism. Oil as source of conflict in Middle East

Regional Issues. Conflicts in the Middle East. Importance of Oil. Growth of Islamism. Oil as source of conflict in Middle East Main Idea Reading Focus Conflicts in the Middle East Regional issues in the Middle East have led to conflicts between Israel and its neighbors and to conflicts in and between Iran and Iraq. How have regional

More information

A traditional approach to IS based on maintaining a unified Iraq, while building up the Iraqi Government, the Kurdistan Regional Government

A traditional approach to IS based on maintaining a unified Iraq, while building up the Iraqi Government, the Kurdistan Regional Government TESTIMONY BEFORE THE SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE IRAQ AT A CROSSROADS: OPTIONS FOR U.S. POLICY JULY 24, 2014 JAMES FRANKLIN JEFFREY, PHILIP SOLONDZ DISTINQUISHED VISITING FELLOW, THE WASHINGTON

More information

Iran Sent Them to Syria. Now Afghan Fighters Are a Worry at Home.

Iran Sent Them to Syria. Now Afghan Fighters Are a Worry at Home. Iran Sent Them to Syria. Now Afghan Fighters Are a Worry at Home. The New York Times 2017-11-11 23:05:59 Iran has trained and deployed thousands of Shiite Afghans as shock troops in Syria s sectarian war.

More information

Protecting Kurdistan: the Peshmerga Before, During, and After ISIS

Protecting Kurdistan: the Peshmerga Before, During, and After ISIS Chapter 3 Protecting Kurdistan: the Peshmerga Before, During, and After ISIS Sirwan Barzani The Peshmerga, 1 the literal meaning of which is those who face death, are Kurdish fighters who protect the Kurdish

More information

Overview. Iran is attempting to downplay the involvement of the Qods Force of the Iranian

Overview. Iran is attempting to downplay the involvement of the Qods Force of the Iranian Spotlight on Iran April 29 May 13, 2018 Author: Dr. Raz Zimmt Overview Iran is attempting to downplay the involvement of the Qods Force of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) in launching rockets

More information

The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq Order Code RS22079 Updated August 5, 2008 The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division Summary The Kurdish-inhabited region

More information

Overview. Tehran continues to deny Israeli reports about Iranian involvement in the clashes last

Overview. Tehran continues to deny Israeli reports about Iranian involvement in the clashes last Spotlight on Iran February 4 February 18, 2018 Author: Dr. Raz Zimmt Overview Tehran continues to deny Israeli reports about Iranian involvement in the clashes last weekend in Syria, which were triggered

More information

Iranian Responses to Growing Tensions with Israel and an Initial Assessment of Their Implications from an Iranian Standpoint. Dr.

Iranian Responses to Growing Tensions with Israel and an Initial Assessment of Their Implications from an Iranian Standpoint. Dr. Iranian Responses to Growing Tensions with Israel and an Initial Assessment of Their Implications from an Iranian Standpoint February 11, 2018 Dr. Raz Zimmt Summary of Events The escalation along Israel

More information

Untangling the Overlapping Conflicts in the Syrian War

Untangling the Overlapping Conflicts in the Syrian War MIDDLE EAST SHARE Untangling the Overlapping Conflicts in the Syrian War By SERGIO PEÇANHA, SARAH ALMUKHTAR and K.K. REBECCA LAI OCT. 18, 2015 What started as a popular uprising against the Syrian government

More information

Iran Iraq War ( ) Causes & Consequences

Iran Iraq War ( ) Causes & Consequences Iran Iraq War (1980 1988) Causes & Consequences In 1980 Saddam Hussein decided to invade Iran. Why? Religion Iran was governed by Muslim clerics (theocracy). By contrast, Iraq was a secular state. The

More information

THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014

THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014 PLEASE NOTE THE ANDREW MARR SHOW MUST BE CREDITED IF ANY PART OF THIS TRANSCRIPT IS USED THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014 Now looking at the violence now

More information

EQ: What are the key characteristics of Southwest Asia s major ethnic groups? (AKS #44b)

EQ: What are the key characteristics of Southwest Asia s major ethnic groups? (AKS #44b) EQ: What are the key characteristics of Southwest Asia s major ethnic groups? (AKS #44b) Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group. Explain the diversity of religions within

More information

Medieval Times in the Modern Middle East

Medieval Times in the Modern Middle East Medieval Times in the Modern Middle East July 5, 2017 As nations fail, nationalism becomes obsolete. Originally produced on June 26, 2017 for Mauldin Economics, LLC By George Friedman and Kamran Bokhari

More information

Overview. While Iran continues to downplay its involvement in the ongoing campaign in eastern

Overview. While Iran continues to downplay its involvement in the ongoing campaign in eastern Spotlight on Iran February 18 March 4, 2018 Author: Dr. Raz Zimmt Overview While Iran continues to downplay its involvement in the ongoing campaign in eastern Ghouta on the outskirts of Damascus, the Chief

More information

The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq Order Code RS22079 Updated September 25, 2008 The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division Summary The Kurdish-inhabited

More information

Briefing on Current Security Developments in Iraq

Briefing on Current Security Developments in Iraq Briefing on Current Security Developments in Iraq Middle East Research Institute (MERI) Meeting Report No. 002 24/06/2014 MERI should be credited, including details of the event, if any of the text is

More information

Turkey Breaks With Iran and Russia

Turkey Breaks With Iran and Russia Turkey Breaks With Iran and Russia January 11, 2018 Despite setting up de-escalation zones in Syria, the three countries are at odds. By Jacob L. Shapiro The Astana troika is in danger of breaking up.

More information

UNDERSTANDING THE ISLAMIC STATE

UNDERSTANDING THE ISLAMIC STATE UNDERSTANDING THE ISLAMIC STATE INTRODUCTION CRT BRIEFING, 4 SEPTEMBER 2014 Since June 2014, the Islamic State (IS) has been advancing throughout Iraq. The group now controls a large amount of territory

More information

Iran-Iraq War ( )

Iran-Iraq War ( ) CHAPTER I Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) The Role of External Parties in the Implementation of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 598 War is a conflict which arises as a result of clash or divergence

More information

Before the Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade Subcommittee of the Committee on Foreign Affairs

Before the Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade Subcommittee of the Committee on Foreign Affairs December 2, 2015 How to Defeat ISIS Prepared statement by Max Boot Jeane J. Kirkpatrick Senior Fellow for National Security Studies Council on Foreign Relations Before the Terrorism, Nonproliferation,

More information

The Proxy War for and Against ISIS

The Proxy War for and Against ISIS The Proxy War for and Against ISIS Dr Andrew Mumford University of Nottingham @apmumford Summary of talk Assessment of proxy wars Brief history of proxy wars Current trends The proxy war FOR Islamic State

More information

ISLAMIC STATE LIBERATES THE CITY OF MOSUL

ISLAMIC STATE LIBERATES THE CITY OF MOSUL 3 SHABAN 1435 ALHAYAT MEDIA CENTER STATEREPORT ISLAMIC ISSUE AN ISLAMIC STATE LIBERATES THE CITY OF MOSUL 1 ISLAMIC STATE ISLAMIC STATE LIBERATES THE CITY OF MOSUL The city of Mosul, situated adjacent

More information

The Uncertain U.S. Game Changers in the ISIS, Iraq, and Syria War

The Uncertain U.S. Game Changers in the ISIS, Iraq, and Syria War The Uncertain U.S. Game Changers in the ISIS, Iraq, and Syria War Anthony H. Cordesman July 28, 2015 For all the current focus on Iran, the war we are actually fighting in the Middle East is a complex

More information

MIDDLE EAST OCCASIONAL PAPER SERIES. Iraq Ten Years Later: A Different Country in a Different Region

MIDDLE EAST OCCASIONAL PAPER SERIES. Iraq Ten Years Later: A Different Country in a Different Region MIDDLE EAST PROGRAM OCCASIONAL PAPER SERIES Spring 2013 Spring 2013 MIDDLE EAST OCCASIONAL PAPER SERIES PROGRAM Iraq Ten Years Later: A Different Country in a Different Region Marina Ottaway, Senior Scholar,

More information

War on Terrorism Notes

War on Terrorism Notes War on Terrorism Notes Member of Ba'ath Party Mixing Arab nationalist, pan Arabism, Arab socialist and antiimperialist interests. Becomes president in 1979 Iranians and Iraqis fight because of religious

More information

Syria's Civil War Explained

Syria's Civil War Explained Syria's Civil War Explained By Al Jazeera on 02.22.17 Word Count 1,002 A displaced Syrian child, fleeing from Deir Ezzor besieged by Islamic State (IS) group fighters, hangs on the back of a woman as she

More information

The exchange between Hillary Clinton, and top aide John Podesta, is breathtaking full of hubris and stupidity.

The  exchange between Hillary Clinton, and top aide John Podesta, is breathtaking full of hubris and stupidity. Wikileaks bombshell. Hillary s 8 point plan to destroy ISIS and Syria: Qatar and Saudi Arabia providing financial support to ISIL By Alex Christoforou The Duran A new Wikileaks email dump released yesterday

More information

Girl chronicles Aleppo terror in 'Myriam's Diary' :48:11

Girl chronicles Aleppo terror in 'Myriam's Diary' :48:11 Girl chronicles Aleppo terror in 'Myriam's Diary' 2017-06-15 13:48:11 Her childhood shattered by "grown-up stuff", Myriam Rawick was only eight years old when she began recording her terrifying experiences

More information

Chapter 22 Southwest Asia pg Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran pg

Chapter 22 Southwest Asia pg Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran pg Chapter 22 Southwest Asia pg. 674 695 22 1 Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran pg. 677 681 Assume the role of a leader of an oil rich country. Why would you maybe need to diversify your country s economy? What

More information

Event A: The Decline of the Ottoman Empire

Event A: The Decline of the Ottoman Empire Event A: The Decline of the Ottoman Empire Beginning in the late 13 th century, the Ottoman sultan, or ruler, governed a diverse empire that covered much of the modern Middle East, including Southeastern

More information

ISIS ATTACKS AND KURDISH RESISTANCE IN KURDISTAN

ISIS ATTACKS AND KURDISH RESISTANCE IN KURDISTAN 0 Kongreya Neteweyî ya Kurdistanê Kurdistan National Congress Congrès National du Kurdistan 1999 INFORMATION FILE 2014-08-11 ISIS ATTACKS AND KURDISH RESISTANCE IN KURDISTAN Rue Jean Stas 41 1060 Bruxelles

More information

Aug 26, 1920: 19th Amendment adopted (Women get the right to vote

Aug 26, 1920: 19th Amendment adopted (Women get the right to vote Bell Work Agenda: 9-11/The World We Live In Homework: None Objective: Students will examine the events that led to the 9-11 attacks. 1. Why would 19 Middle Eastern men fly airplanes into buildings? (write

More information

Overview. Against the backdrop of European efforts to place limitations on Iran s ballistic missile

Overview. Against the backdrop of European efforts to place limitations on Iran s ballistic missile Spotlight on Iran March 4 March 18, 2018 Author: Dr. Raz Zimmt Overview Against the backdrop of European efforts to place limitations on Iran s ballistic missile program and curtail its regional influence

More information

The Kurds Religion. Free Download Ebook PDF THE KURDS RELIGION with premium access

The Kurds Religion. Free Download Ebook PDF THE KURDS RELIGION with premium access The Kurds Religion [PAPER] Complete List : The Kurds Religion - [EPUB] Available. Free Download Ebook PDF THE KURDS RELIGION with premium access WHO ARE THE KURDS? - BBC NEWS Tue, 21 Oct 2014 15:38:00

More information

22.3 The Northeast. Historical Geography. Subregion includes: Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia

22.3 The Northeast. Historical Geography. Subregion includes: Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia 22.3 The Northeast Historical Geography Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia Subregion includes: Culture Ethnicities Turks, Kurds, Persians Languages Religion Muslims in the Middle East War and Refugees Causes

More information

Position Papers. Implications of Downed Russian Jet on Turkey-Russia Relations

Position Papers. Implications of Downed Russian Jet on Turkey-Russia Relations Position Papers Implications of Downed Russian Jet on Turkey-Russia Relations Al Jazeera Center for Studies Al Jazeera Center for Studies Tel: +974-44663454 jcforstudies-en@aljazeera.net http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/

More information

The Worldviews of the Iraqi Public toward Religion, Politics, Gender, and Coalition Forces: Findings of Values Survey, November-December, 2004

The Worldviews of the Iraqi Public toward Religion, Politics, Gender, and Coalition Forces: Findings of Values Survey, November-December, 2004 The Worldviews of the Iraqi Public toward Religion, Politics, Gender, and Coalition Forces: Findings of Values Survey, November-December, 2004 Mansoor Moaddel (PI) Ronald Inglehart (Co-PI) Mark Tessler

More information

DIA Alumni Association. The Mess in the Middle East August 19, 2014 Presented by: John Moore

DIA Alumni Association. The Mess in the Middle East August 19, 2014 Presented by: John Moore DIA Alumni Association The Mess in the Middle East August 19, 2014 Presented by: John Moore The Mess in the Middle East Middle East Turmoil Trends since Arab Spring started Iraq s civil war; rise of the

More information

Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station

Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station a. Explain the difference between an ethnic group and a religious group. Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station An ethnic group is a group of people who share cultural ideas and beliefs that have been a part

More information

For sale: Ancient artifacts. Islamic State offers up what it hasn't smashed

For sale: Ancient artifacts. Islamic State offers up what it hasn't smashed For sale: Ancient artifacts. Islamic State offers up what it hasn't smashed By Washington Post, adapted by Newsela staff on 06.15.15 Word Count 889 In this image made from a militant video posted on YouTube

More information

LASALLE COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL

LASALLE COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL LASALLE COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL FRESHMAN SUMMER READING 2012 SOCIAL STUDIES DEPARTMENT BOOK: Children of Jihad by Jared Cohen ISBN: 13: 978-1592403998 During your reading you will be responsible for the following.

More information

Mashreq, Gran Maghreb, Egypt and Israel Gabriele Pedrini

Mashreq, Gran Maghreb, Egypt and Israel Gabriele Pedrini Gabriele Pedrini Iraq. Liberation of Mossul and unknowns of the iraqi future Sunday 9 July, Iraqi Prime Minister al-'abadi announced the official liberation of Mosul after a campaign of nearly nine-month

More information

Invasion. The American Third Infantry Division used armored bulldozers to create wide gaps in the Iraqi defensive line.

Invasion. The American Third Infantry Division used armored bulldozers to create wide gaps in the Iraqi defensive line. Seven Years in Iraq 2003 Shock and Awe Invasion Invasion in Iraq On March 20, 2003, American and British troops poured into Iraq from bases in Kuwait, crossing the Iraqi border to the east near Safwan.

More information

IRAN & IRAQ BOOK NOTES REVIEW

IRAN & IRAQ BOOK NOTES REVIEW Pages: 2-9, 115-133 Show I & I Intro from Mid East Video Quiz 5 min IRAN & IRAQ BOOK NOTES REVIEW IRAN GEOGRAPHY Size: larger than Iraq Land: mostly plateaus & mts, one of world s most mts countries, 10%

More information

The Establishment of ISIS in Syria in the Lower Euphrates Valley

The Establishment of ISIS in Syria in the Lower Euphrates Valley The Establishment of ISIS in Syria in the Lower Euphrates Valley February 28, 2018 Background In November 2017, the city of Albukamal near the Syrian-Iraqi border was taken over by the Syrian army and

More information

2-Provide an example of an ethnic clash we have discussed in World Cultures: 3-Fill in the chart below, using the reading and the map.

2-Provide an example of an ethnic clash we have discussed in World Cultures: 3-Fill in the chart below, using the reading and the map. Name: Date: How the Middle East Got that Way Directions : Read each section carefully, taking notes and answering questions as directed. Part 1: Introduction Violence, ethnic clashes, political instability...have

More information

Overview 1. On June 29, 2014, ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-baghdadi declared the establishment of the

Overview 1. On June 29, 2014, ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-baghdadi declared the establishment of the The Collapse of the Islamic State: What Comes Next? November 18, 2017 Overview 1 On June 29, 2014, ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-baghdadi declared the establishment of the Islamic Caliphate by the Islamic State

More information

Iraq and Anbar: Surge or Separation?

Iraq and Anbar: Surge or Separation? Iraq and Anbar: Surge or Separation? Anthony H. Cordesman It is easy to develop strategies for Iraq, as long as you ignore the uncertainties involved and the facts on the ground. Dealing with the uncertain

More information

Global History. Objectives

Global History. Objectives Objectives Understand how Saddam Hussein rose to power Understand how the invasion of Iran affected the world economy. Analyze how the invasion of Kuwait started a global problem. Compare and contrast

More information

«The Shiite Marja iyya question» Summary

«The Shiite Marja iyya question» Summary «The Shiite Marja iyya question» Barah Mikaïl, Chercheur à l IRIS Jamil Abou Assi, Halla al-najjar, Assistants de recherche Etude n 2005/096 réalisée pour le compte de la Délégation aux Affaires stratégiques

More information

Spotlight on Global Jihad

Spotlight on Global Jihad Spotlight on Global Jihad May 31 - June 6, 2018 Main events of the week The Syrian army announced that it had completed preparations for the takeover of southern Syria and that 40,000 soldiers were waiting

More information

Rafsanjani on Iran s Conduct of the War. June 21, 2008

Rafsanjani on Iran s Conduct of the War. June 21, 2008 Rafsanjani on Iran s Conduct of the War June 21, 2008 Ayatollah Rafsanjani said: Even Russians went so far as to supply Iraq with Scud C missiles which could hit targets twice further than Scud B missiles

More information

June, 1988 Saddam and Senior Advisers Discussing Iraq's Stance toward International Law, Relations with Turkey, Kurdish Autonomy, and Other Issues

June, 1988 Saddam and Senior Advisers Discussing Iraq's Stance toward International Law, Relations with Turkey, Kurdish Autonomy, and Other Issues Digital Archive International History Declassified digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org June, 1988 Saddam and Senior Advisers Discussing Iraq's Stance toward International Law, Relations with Turkey, Kurdish

More information

Iraq Crisis and U.S. Policy

Iraq Crisis and U.S. Policy Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs Carla E. Humud Analyst in Middle Eastern and African Affairs Christopher M. Blanchard Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs Rhoda Margesson Specialist

More information

The country of Iraq straddles two great rivers,

The country of Iraq straddles two great rivers, 2 A Global Controversy: The U.S. Invasion of Iraq The country of Iraq straddles two great rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates, where several of the world s earliest civilizations developed. In what is

More information

Survey of Iraqi Public Opinion October 23 30, 2010

Survey of Iraqi Public Opinion October 23 30, 2010 Survey of Iraqi Public Opinion October 23 30, 2010 www.iri.org SURVEY METHODOLOGY SURVEY METHODOLOGY Data collection was performed by trained employees of the International Republican Institute (IRI).

More information

Iran had limited natural resources Water was relatively scarce, and Iran s environment could only support a limited population Because of the heat,

Iran had limited natural resources Water was relatively scarce, and Iran s environment could only support a limited population Because of the heat, Ancient Iran Geography and Resources Iran s location, bounded by mountains, deserts, and the Persian Gulf, left it open to attack from Central Asian nomads The fundamental topographical features included

More information

Russia s Involvement in the Issue of Syria

Russia s Involvement in the Issue of Syria Russia s Involvement in the Issue of Syria Hiroshi Yamazoe Senior Research Fellow U.S.-Europe-Russia Division, Regional Studies Department In September 2015, the Russian Armed Forces launched air raids

More information

Assyria UNPO REPRESENTATION STATISTICS. Status: Unrecognised Indigenous Group

Assyria UNPO REPRESENTATION STATISTICS. Status: Unrecognised Indigenous Group Assyria STATISTICS Status: Unrecognised Indigenous Group Population: The total Assyrian population, including the Diaspora, is estimated at 3.3 million Capital City: Nineveh, Ancient Assyrian Capital (Iraq)

More information

The Modern Middle East Or As I like to call it

The Modern Middle East Or As I like to call it The Modern Middle East Or As I like to call it How did this. Turn into this Which the US has been in for over TEN years, doing this Modern Middle East Holy City of Jerusalem Dome of the Rock The Western

More information

Prospects for Iraq s Stability: A Challenging Road Ahead

Prospects for Iraq s Stability: A Challenging Road Ahead Prospects for Iraq s Stability: A Challenging Road Ahead January 2007 OFFICE OF THE DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE The Director of National Intelligence serves as the head of the Intelligence Community

More information

Introduction: Key Terms/Figures/Groups: OPEC%

Introduction: Key Terms/Figures/Groups: OPEC% Council: Historical Security Council Topic: The Question of the Gulf War Topic Expert: Mina Wageeh Position: Chair Introduction: IraqileaderSaddamHusseinorderedtheinvasionandoccupationofneighboringKuwaitonthe

More information

Overview. The Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei, used his annual speech on the occasion of the

Overview. The Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei, used his annual speech on the occasion of the Spotlight on Iran March 18 March 28, 2018 Author: Dr. Raz Zimmt Overview The Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei, used his annual speech on the occasion of the Iranian New Year (Nowruz) to justify, once

More information

More Iran Background ( ) EQ: What was the cultural climate in Iran like before and after the Revolution?

More Iran Background ( ) EQ: What was the cultural climate in Iran like before and after the Revolution? More Iran Background (152-154) EQ: What was the cultural climate in Iran like before and after the Revolution? Introduction Iran comes from the word Aryan. Aryans settled here in 1500 B.C. Descendents

More information

«Walk on my Head» A Kurd story

«Walk on my Head» A Kurd story «Walk on my Head» A Kurd story Today there are close to 40 million Kurds, making them the largest ethnic group in the world without their own country. They can be found mostly in Syria, Iran, Turkey, and

More information

THE INFLUENCE OF ISLAMIC STATE THE GLOBAL SECURITY. Hatidža Beriša, PhD Military academy, Republic of Serbia hatidza.berisa(at)mod.gov.

THE INFLUENCE OF ISLAMIC STATE THE GLOBAL SECURITY. Hatidža Beriša, PhD Military academy, Republic of Serbia hatidza.berisa(at)mod.gov. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs Vol. 1, Supp. 1, 2016 Special Issue eissn 1857-9760 2016 Hatidza Berisa, Katarina Jonev and Igor Barisic This is an open access article distributed under the

More information

[Summary published by CapitolReader.com on November 9, 2006] Click here for more political and current events books from Simon & Schuster.

[Summary published by CapitolReader.com on November 9, 2006] Click here for more political and current events books from Simon & Schuster. The End of Iraq: How American Incompetence Created a War Without End Author: Peter W. Galbraith Publisher: Simon & Schuster Date of Publication: July 2006 ISBN: 0743294238 No. of Pages: 260 Buy This Book

More information

US and Turkey: The Balkanization of the Middle East. James Petras. For the past 20 years Washington has aggressively pursued the age-old imperial

US and Turkey: The Balkanization of the Middle East. James Petras. For the past 20 years Washington has aggressively pursued the age-old imperial US and Turkey: The Balkanization of the Middle East James Petras Introduction For the past 20 years Washington has aggressively pursued the age-old imperial strategy of divide and conquer throughout the

More information

IRAQ KEY FINDINGS RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE U.S. GOVERNMENT TIER 2

IRAQ KEY FINDINGS RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE U.S. GOVERNMENT TIER 2 IRAQ TIER 2 KEY FINDINGS Severe religious freedom violations continued in Iraq throughout 2016. Iraqi and international efforts against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) recaptured a series of

More information

OPINION jordan palestine ksa uae iraq. rkey iran egypt lebanon jordan palstine

OPINION jordan palestine ksa uae iraq. rkey iran egypt lebanon jordan palstine aq turkey iran egypt lebanon jordan lestine ksa uae iraq turkey iran egyp banon jordan palestine ksa uae iraq rkey iran egypt lebanon jordan palstine ksa uae iraq turkey iran egypt banon jordan palestine

More information

THE WAR REPORT 2017 KURDISH MILITARY FORMATIONS IN MIDDLE EASTERN BATTLEFIELDS THE GENEVA ACADEMY A JOINT CENTER OF NOVEMBER 2017 I VICKEN CHETERIAN

THE WAR REPORT 2017 KURDISH MILITARY FORMATIONS IN MIDDLE EASTERN BATTLEFIELDS THE GENEVA ACADEMY A JOINT CENTER OF NOVEMBER 2017 I VICKEN CHETERIAN THE WAR REPORT 2017 KURDISH MILITARY FORMATIONS IN MIDDLE EASTERN BATTLEFIELDS NOVEMBER 2017 I VICKEN CHETERIAN Pavel Dobrovsky THE GENEVA ACADEMY A JOINT CENTER OF ORIGINS Three factors of Kurdish history

More information

THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION CENTER FOR MIDDLE EAST POLICY SABAN FORUM 2017 AMERICA FIRST AND THE MIDDLE EAST. Welcoming remarks and introduction

THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION CENTER FOR MIDDLE EAST POLICY SABAN FORUM 2017 AMERICA FIRST AND THE MIDDLE EAST. Welcoming remarks and introduction 1 THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION CENTER FOR MIDDLE EAST POLICY SABAN FORUM 2017 AMERICA FIRST AND THE MIDDLE EAST Welcoming remarks and introduction A keynote conversation with John R. Allen Washington, D.C.

More information

The U.S. Withdrawal and Limited Options

The U.S. Withdrawal and Limited Options Published on STRATFOR (http://www.stratfor.com) Home > The U.S. Withdrawal and Limited Options in Iraq The U.S. Withdrawal and Limited Options in Iraq Created Aug 17 2010-03:56 [1] Not Limited Open Access

More information

This is an EXCELLENT essay. Well thought out and presented. Historical Significance for today's world:

This is an EXCELLENT essay. Well thought out and presented. Historical Significance for today's world: This should be read in every High School, and posted on the "Must Read" bulletin board of every business in this Country. While we still have one. This is an EXCELLENT essay. Well thought out and presented.

More information

CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web

CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Order Code 98-179 F Updated June 27, 2000 Summary Iraq s Opposition Movements Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs Foreign Affairs,

More information

SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide

SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide #1 Geographically speaking, which country lies between Iraq and Afghanistan? ANSWER Iran lies between Iraq and Afghanistan. #2 The Suez

More information

BACKGROUNDER. Syrian Kurds and the Democratic Union Party (PYD)

BACKGROUNDER. Syrian Kurds and the Democratic Union Party (PYD) John Caves BACKGROUNDER December 6, 2012 Syrian Kurds and the Democratic Union Party (PYD) The operational decision made by the Assad regime in mid-july 2012 to withdraw the majority of its forces from

More information

Improved Security Provides Opening for Cooperation March April 2017 Survey Findings. Page 1

Improved Security Provides Opening for Cooperation March April 2017 Survey Findings. Page 1 Improved Security Provides Opening for Cooperation March April 17 Survey Findings Page 1 National Survey (excluding areas currently held by ISIS) March 26 April 21, 17 The research 1,338 respondents (unweighted

More information

Iran comes from the word Aryan Aryans settled here in 1500 B.C. Descendents were the Medes and the Persians Eventually, whole territory became known

Iran comes from the word Aryan Aryans settled here in 1500 B.C. Descendents were the Medes and the Persians Eventually, whole territory became known Iran comes from the word Aryan Aryans settled here in 1500 B.C. Descendents were the Medes and the Persians Eventually, whole territory became known as the Persian Empire 1935 Reza Shah changed the name

More information

PRO/CON: How should the U.S. defeat Islamic State?

PRO/CON: How should the U.S. defeat Islamic State? PRO/CON: How should the U.S. defeat Islamic State? By Tribune News Service, adapted by Newsela staff on 11.30.15 Word Count 1,606 U.S. President Barack Obama (right) shakes hands with French President

More information

The Plight of the Kurds and the Prospects for Federalism After the War on Iraq

The Plight of the Kurds and the Prospects for Federalism After the War on Iraq The Plight of the Kurds and the Prospects for Federalism After the War on Iraq A presentation by Othman Ali, Woodbridge College, Ontario To the Minaret of Freedom Institute Annual Dinner 2003 Aly Ramadan

More information

1986 Saddam Hussein Discussing 'Irangate' (Iran-Contra) Revelations with His Inner Circle

1986 Saddam Hussein Discussing 'Irangate' (Iran-Contra) Revelations with His Inner Circle Digital Archive International History Declassified digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org 1986 Saddam Hussein Discussing 'Irangate' (Iran-Contra) Revelations with His Inner Circle Citation: Saddam Hussein Discussing

More information

THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION CENTER FOR MIDDLE EAST POLICY SABAN FORUM 2017 AMERICA FIRST AND THE MIDDLE EAST. Welcoming remarks and introduction

THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION CENTER FOR MIDDLE EAST POLICY SABAN FORUM 2017 AMERICA FIRST AND THE MIDDLE EAST. Welcoming remarks and introduction 1 THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION CENTER FOR MIDDLE EAST POLICY SABAN FORUM 2017 AMERICA FIRST AND THE MIDDLE EAST Welcoming remarks and introduction A keynote conversation with John R. Allen Washington, D.C.

More information

Making Sense of Iran s Iraq Policy Broader Parameters of Iranian Interests

Making Sense of Iran s Iraq Policy Broader Parameters of Iranian Interests 01 BRIEF 30.01.2015 Making Sense of Iran s Iraq Policy Broader Parameters of Iranian Interests by Mohammad Ali Shabani Amid the onslaught of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), the nature

More information

STUDY GUIDE. Population Patterns. Cultural Diversity in Region. Chapter 18, Section 1. Terms to Know DRAWING FROM EXPERIENCE ORGANIZING YOUR THOUGHTS

STUDY GUIDE. Population Patterns. Cultural Diversity in Region. Chapter 18, Section 1. Terms to Know DRAWING FROM EXPERIENCE ORGANIZING YOUR THOUGHTS Chapter 18, Section 1 For use with textbook pages 439 443. Population Patterns Terms to Know ethnic diversity Differences among groups based on their languages, customs, and beliefs (page 439) infrastructure

More information

A long, porous border and extensive political, economic, religious and cultural ties provide Iran the potential for significant influence in Iraq.

A long, porous border and extensive political, economic, religious and cultural ties provide Iran the potential for significant influence in Iraq. Iran and Iraq Michael Eisenstadt A long, porous border and extensive political, economic, religious and cultural ties provide Iran the potential for significant influence in Iraq. Iranian attempts to wield

More information

Factsheet about 9/11. Page 1

Factsheet about 9/11. Page 1 Page 1 Factsheet about 9/11 View of the World Trade Center, New York, under attack on 11 September 2001 What happened on 11 September 2001? In the early morning of 11 September 2001, 19 hijackers took

More information

America Unravels Iraq: Kurds, Shiites, And Sunni Arabs Compete For Supremacy By Mohammed M. A. Ahmed

America Unravels Iraq: Kurds, Shiites, And Sunni Arabs Compete For Supremacy By Mohammed M. A. Ahmed America Unravels Iraq: Kurds, Shiites, And Sunni Arabs Compete For Supremacy By Mohammed M. A. Ahmed If you are looking for a book by Mohammed M. A. Ahmed America Unravels Iraq: Kurds, Shiites, and Sunni

More information

The main figure on the Iraqi side of the 1991 Persian Gulf

The main figure on the Iraqi side of the 1991 Persian Gulf Saddam Hussein s Rise to Power 2 The main figure on the Iraqi side of the 1991 Persian Gulf War was Saddam Hussein (1937 ; ruled 1979 2003). After becoming president of Iraq in 1979, Hussein involved his

More information

How the Relationship between Iran and America. Led to the Iranian Revolution

How the Relationship between Iran and America. Led to the Iranian Revolution Page 1 How the Relationship between Iran and America Led to the Iranian Revolution Writer s Name July 13, 2005 G(5) Advanced Academic Writing Page 2 Thesis This paper discusses U.S.-Iranian relationships

More information

Cockburn, P. (2015). The rise of Islamic State: ISIS and the new Sunni

Cockburn, P. (2015). The rise of Islamic State: ISIS and the new Sunni Cockburn, P. (2015). The rise of Islamic State: ISIS and the new Sunni revolution. New York: Verso Books. Preface In the summer of 2014, over the course of one hundred days, the Islamic State of Iraq and

More information

Middle East. Eric Witte

Middle East. Eric Witte Middle East Eric Witte LEBANON SYRIA ISRAEL/OT/ Palestinian Authority EGYPT JORDAN IRAQ KUWAIT IRAN SAUDI ARABIA BAHRAIN QATAR U.A.E. YEMEN OMAN A R A B I A N S E A The year 2006 was another year of conflict

More information

~ SSA Piro then asked Hussein if he wrote his own

~ SSA Piro then asked Hussein if he wrote his own U.S. Department of Justice Federal Bureau of Investigation In Reply, Please Refer to FileNo. DECLASSIFIED BY ucjbaw 60324 ON 05-21-2009 Baghdad Operations Center June 11, 2004 While engaging SSA George

More information

The Umayyads and Abbasids

The Umayyads and Abbasids The Umayyads and Abbasids The Umayyad Caliphate was founded in 661 by Mu awiya the governor or the Syrian province during Ali s reign. Mu awiya contested Ali s right to rule, arguing that Ali was elected

More information

What is the Future of Democracy in Iraq? Eric Davis fas-polisci.rutgers.edu

What is the Future of Democracy in Iraq? Eric Davis  fas-polisci.rutgers.edu What is the Future of Democracy in Iraq? Eric Davis davis@polisci.rutgers.edu i d http:// fas-polisci.rutgers.edu http://new-middle-east.blogspot.com/ Dynamics of Recent Events in the Arab Dynamics of

More information