Elders Resolution Regarding the Updated New International Version (2011) for GBC, Richmond

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Elders Resolution Regarding the Updated New International Version (2011) for GBC, Richmond"

Transcription

1 1 Elders Resolution Regarding the Updated New International Version (2011) for GBC, Richmond Issue: The NIV has been an approved translation for use in the various ministries at Grace Bible Church. However, have the changes made to the NIV compromised its faithfulness to the original texts (i.e., the Scriptures) to such a degree that it should not be used for the ministries at GBC any longer? Background: Zondervan recently updated their widely-used NIV Bible translation, originally done in The NIV translation committee opted to change the NIV84 to move towards a more genderneutral translation with their latest update, the NIV2011. Zondervan will no longer be publishing the NIV84, as the NIV2011 will entirely replace the older version. In the near future, one will not be able to purchase an NIV with the original 1984 text. The Elders Resolution: The Elders have considered and accepted the proposal to remove the NIV from the list of accepted Bible translations to be used in the teaching ministries at Grace Bible Church. Two faults above all others recommend the removal of the NIV from our list of accepted Bibles for use in ministry at GBC. First, the new NIV s translation of 1 Timothy 2:12 is linguistically, grammatically, and theologically unjustifiable as it actually contradicts Paul s actual meaning (for further discussion see pages 4-6 of this document). Second, the consistent use of gender-neutral pronouns ( they/them/their ) for a singular antecedent actually heightens the potential for misunderstanding, misapplication, and misinterpretation of Scripture texts (for more detail see pages 10, and 13-15). The NIV is still a faithful and quality translation and should not be disregarded entirely. That is, members, believers, and all English-reading Christians would surely benefit from reading the Word of God through the NIV translation. However, the changes to the NIV necessitate that the Elders remove the NIV from the endorsed translations used for teaching at Grace Bible Church in order to correctly handle the word of truth most faithfully. The NIV published prior to 2011 was an acceptable translation for use in the various teaching ministries at Grace Bible Church. Since the old version of the NIV is no longer available, we will transition ourselves away from the NIV altogether. As we transition we commend the use of the old NIV but we are also asking all our various teachers to investigate and, within a year, to adopt one of the approved Bible translations when teaching publically for GBC. Page 1 of 15

2 2 In May of 2012 Rick Zaman researched the changes to the NIV2011 from the NIV84. The outline below represents the results of Rick s research and investigation which ultimately led to the suggestion and resolution to remove the NIV2011 from our accepted Bible translations for teaching at GBC. The first section of the following report provides an outline that summarizes the NIV translators reasons of updating the NIV. The second section outlines the Council for Biblical Manhood and Womanhood s (CBMW) evaluation on the NIV2011. Rick also provides his analysis to CBMW s assessment and his critique is indicated by brackets and red font. In the third section Rick analyzes the NIV2011 s translation of John 3 to give particular attention to the new NIV s use of gender-neutral pronoun they ( them / their ) for a singular antecedent. Outline: I. Justification for the New Translation from the NIV Committee II. Concerns from Council of Biblical Manhood and Womanhood with Rick s Response III. Brief Analysis of John 3 in the NIV2011 I. Justification for the New Translation from the NIV Committee 1 a. First, it s important to stress that about 95% of the text of the updated NIV is exactly the same as the 1984 text it replaces. b. Reasons for Changes i. Changes in English usage (i.e., alien, overweening) ii. Progress in Scholarship (Luke 2:7, kataluma refers to a guestroom, not inn; Mark 15:27 refers to rebels not robbers ) iii. Concern for Clarity (1 Corinthians 7:1; Philippians 4:13) c. Inclusive Language i. Nowhere in the updated NIV is there even the remotest hint of any inclusive language for God. The revisions solely surround inclusive language for mankind. ii. The gender-neutral pronoun they ( them / their ) is by far the most common way that English-language speakers and writers today refer back to singular antecedents such as whoever, anyone, somebody, a person, no one, and the like. iii. English speakers around the world are using a variety of terms to refer to men and women together and for the human race collectively. iv. Forefather has all but disappeared from the English language as a generic term, being replaced by ancestor. v. Inclusive Language Guidelines 1. Using plurals instead of singulars to deal with generic forms was avoided. 2. Using second person forms instead of third person forms to deal with generics was avoided. 1 The outline and excerpts are taken from the following document prepared by the NIV translation committee: Page 2 of 15

3 3 II. 3. Singular they, them and their forms were widely used to communicate the generic significance of pronouns and their equivalents when a singular form had already been used for the antecedent. 4. People and humans (and human beings ) were widely used for Greek and Hebrew masculine forms referring to both men and women. A variety of words humanity, human race, man, mankind were used to refer to human beings collectively. 5. Ancestors was regularly preferred to forefathers unless a specific, limited reference to the patriarchs or to another all-male group is intended. 6. Brothers and sisters was frequently used to translate adelphoi in the New Testament, especially in the vocative, when it was clear that both genders were in view. d. Other Improvements i. Saints often becomes God s people, the Lord s people, the Lord s holy people and the like. ii. Certain uses of Christ are now Messiah. iii. More uses of spirit and related forms, especially in Paul s letters, are now capitalized. iv. Some occurrences of Jews, especially in John have become Jewish leaders or something similar. v. Most occurrences of sinful nature have become flesh. vi. Translations that leave open important scholarly options have often been chosen (cf. Romans 1:17). vii. There aren t nearly as man O s but a number of additional for s. Concerns/Response from Council of Biblical Manhood and Womanhood 2 [Rick Zaman s Response in brackets and red font] a. Many Welcome Improvements in the 2011 NIV i. The Process very forthright ii. Many Noteworthy Improvements 1. Sarx with flesh instead sinful nature (cf. Rom 8:4) 2. Righteousness from God has become righteousness of God (cf. Rom. 1:17) 3. Observing the law becomes works of the law (See Rom 3:20, 28) iii. Some Improvements in Gender Language b. Statistical Summary: 75% of Inaccurate Gender Language Translations from the TNIV Are Retained in the 2011 NIV 2 The Council for Biblical Manhood and Womanhood s analysis of the new NIV can be found at the following link: Page 3 of 15

4 4 c. Examples of Specific Changes from the 1984 NIV to 2011 NIV i. The 2011 NIV adopts feminist-leaning translations in several key verses dealing with women s role in the church Timothy 2:12: a. NIV84: I do not permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man; she must be silent. b. NIV11 3 : I do not permit a woman to teach or to have assume authority over a man; she must be silent quiet. c. [The CBMW s criticism of the new NIV translation of 1 Timothy 2:12 is worth quoting at some length: Evangelical feminists will love this translation because in one stroke it removes the Bible s main barrier to women pastors and elders. As soon as a church adopts the 2011 NIV, the debate over women s roles in that church will be over, because women pastors and elders can just say, I m not assuming authority on my own initiative; it was given to me by the other pastors and elders [or could they say the Holy Spirit?]. There any woman could be a pastor or elder so long as she does not take it upon herself to assume authority. Whether [ assume authority ] is understood in a negative way or positive way, the focus of the verse is now on prohibiting a selfinitiated action, taking it on oneself to assume authority over men. And so feminists will now quickly say that they are not assuming authority on their own initiative they are just accepting it because others entrusted it to them. In any local church that uses this new NIV, no one will be able to answer their argument from this Bible. This verse alone in the 2011 NIV gives evangelical feminists the most important advance for their cause in the last thirty years. But the translation is simply incorrect, as many writers have demonstrated in extensive scholarly discussion elsewhere [see especially Women in the Church: A Fresh Analysis of 1 Timothy 2:9-15, ed. Andreas Köstenberger, Thomas Schreiner, and H. Scott Baldwin (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1995)], and as all other modern English translations agree: Even the gender-neutral NRSV translates authenteo have authority here along with the NIV, NLT, RSV, Holman CSB, and NKJV, while the NASB, NET Bible, and ESV similarly translate it as exercise authority. Thus, the NIV is out on a limb here over against the other main modern English 3 Strikethroughs are used to more quickly represent the changes between the NIV84 and NIV11. One can find all the changes and a complete comparison between the NIV84, TNIV, and the NIV11 at the following website: Page 4 of 15

5 5 translations The verb authenteo here means exercise authority or have authority, not assume authority. The mistaken NIV translation of 1 Timothy 2:12 we find to be particularly unfortunate, because it might well constitute the single reason why churches decide no longer to use the NIV Bible, since apparently it will now be available only in this new 2011 edition and the 1984 NIV will be discontinued (pp. 6-7). d. [Irrespective of the NIV translators intentions, the new translation of 1 Timothy 2:12 with assume authority is linguistically, grammatically, and theologically unjustifiable. By their new wording the NIV translators have allowed for an interpretation that directly contradicts Paul s actual meaning. The translation of this verse bears particular weight as the elders consider the NIV s continued acceptable usage for the teaching ministries at Grace Bible Church because 1 Timothy 2:12 comments on the church s policy and authority for its leaders. That is, if 1 Timothy 2:12 only somehow applied to individual Christians and not to one s relationship and role in the church, then perhaps church leaders could overlook the error as simply an unfortunate and eccentric translation. But, this is not the case. First Timothy 2:12 establishes most clearly the authority structure between the sexes in the church. The translation assume authority wrongfully and unjustifiably weakens the Christordained role of men s authority in the church.] 2. Romans 16:7 a. NIV84: Greet Andronicus and Junias, my relatives who have been in prison with me. They are outstanding among the apostles, and they were in Christ before I was. b. NIV11: Greet Andronicus and Junias Junia, my relatives fellow Jews who have been in prison with me. They are outstanding among the apostles, and they were in Christ before I was. c. [In contrast to 1 Timothy 2:12, the new NIV s translation of Romans 16:7 can be substantiated lexically and grammatically. Two issues impact the meaning and significance of this verse. First, does the name Iounian refer to a male or a female? NIV84 took the name to refer to a male and translated/transliterated it as Junias. However, the NIV2011 changed the name to the feminine form Junia. This change is substantiated by the current lexical studies. If Iounian ever refers to a male, Romans 16:7 would be the only known place in Greek literature (see BDAG, p.480). This is, at least in part, why three recent translations have also translated the name in its feminine form (ESV, NET, and HCSB [interestingly, the HCSB2003 Page 5 of 15

6 6 ii. version translates the entire verse similarly to the NIV2011]). Second, should the phrase translated They are outstanding among the apostles (hoitines eisin episemoi en tois apostolois) actually be translated something like the ESV s They are well known to the apostles? Both options are grammatically permissible with the NIV s translation being, perhaps, more common with the NT s usage in similar grammatical constructions. In each of their respective commentaries on Romans, Douglas Moo (chair of the NIV translation) and Thomas Schreiner (who has written numerous articles against evangelical feminist interpretations) both interpret Romans 16:7 essentially as it is translated by the NIV2011. However, each of them understands apostle in this passage to refer not to a technical term of similar status to the Twelve, but to more generic term similar to our term missionary. In summary then, the new NIV translation of Romans 16:7 is entirely warranted and they make the reader aware of the other common interpretation in a footnote.] 3. 1 Corinthians 14:33-34 a. NIV84: For God is not a God of disorder but of peace. [Paragraph Break] As in all the congregations of the saints, women should remain silent in the churches. They are not allowed to speak, but must be in submission, as the Law says. b. NIV11: For God is not a God of disorder but of peace as in all the congregations of the saints Lord s people. [Paragraph Break] Women should remain silent in the churches. They are not allowed to speak, but must be in submission, as the law says. c. [Some commentators understand the paragraph break to be where the new NIV has placed it. However, the majority of commentators structure the text as the NIV84 and this division of text accords nicely with the use of the word churches in both verses 33 and 34 and with the word hos ( as ) beginning a new phrase in the middle of verse 33 (cf. 1 Cor 4:18). Though they opt for a minority interpretation, the new NIV puts the more common translation in a footnote. Nevertheless, the CBMW warn, But what people read in a translation are the words in the Bible text itself, far more than the footnotes (p. 9).] Making Phoebe a deacon in Romans 16:1 will be of concern to churches where male deacons have a governing role over the church (cf. Rom 16:1). 1. NIV84: I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church in Cenchrea. Page 6 of 15

7 7 iii. 2. NIV11: I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant deacon of the church in Cenchrea Cenchreae. 3. [Both translations are faithful representations to a certain interpretation of dia,konoj (diakonos) in this verse. Furthermore, there is good reason to consider diakonos here to refer to an officer of the church as the word is tied with the word church (though this does not have to be the interpretation). Either way, the example of elders and deacons in the pastorals and Acts 6 does not commend a governing authority to deacons, male or female. An errant paradigm of church authority (i.e., ruling deacons) should not be used to discount the faithfulness to this translation. Both the New Living Translation (NLT) and the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) translate diakonos deacon. The NIV s move is not unprecedented in Bible translation.] The 2011 NIV incorrectly changes father to parent or something else 1. Proverbs 15:5 a. NIV84: A fool spurns his father s discipline, but whoever heeds correction shows prudence. b. NIV11: A fool spurns his father a parent s discipline, but whoever heeds correction shows prudence. c. [The CBMW document alleges that the new NIV translators were unwilling to translate the word with the clear, simple English equivalent father, apparently because in today s culture it is unpopular to use an example of an individual father to teach a general truth that applies to all parents (p.10). I doubt this is how the NIV translators see themselves and there is a more empathetic perspective to understand this. The NIV translators, I presume, desire to communicate the meaning most clearly to the reader. Hence, they perhaps considered the old translation to limit the actual intention of the verse s meaning. What was the intention of the Proverb s writer? Does not Proverbs 15:5 apply to mothers as well? Does the generic father properly communicate to modern English readers the more broad application of the text s principle? Addressing this question, the NIV translator would say No. That is, the intent of the verse would be wrongly limited by most modern English readers. Both the NLT and NRSV translate it parent as well. The NIV s move is not unprecedented in Bible translation.] 2. 1 Samuel 18:2 a. NIV84: From that day Saul kept David with him and did not let him return to his father s house. b. NIV11: From that day Saul kept David with him and did not let him return home to his father s house family. Page 7 of 15

8 8 c. [The CBMW document contends that The new expressions remove any suggestion of father s leadership role in the family. These new NIV verses are not translated accurately. But they are consistent with the new NIV s practice of removing male-oriented details of meaning from the text of the Bible (p. 10). Again, I think the change was not motivated by an attempt to remove maleoriented details in principle. Rather, the goal would be to have the modern reader understand the sense of the text. A modern reader unfamiliar with the Bible may read or misread to his father s house to assume that the father had a separate house from the mother or that the parents were separated. Was it the writer s intention to communicate something special about the father s authority? Or was the writer speaking of David s home in an idiomatic way with father s house? The NIV translators obviously think the latter and so they chose to translate the sense of the reference with his family. The NLT translation does something similar to the new NIV, so again the NIV s move is not unprecedented in Bible translation.] 3. [Side Comment on Sons of Israel a. The Hebrew Bible uses the phrase beni-israel (literally, sons of Israel ) to refer to the people or nation of Israel. This phrase occurs 529 times. The non-gender-neutral ESV does not typically translate this phrase most literally as sons of Israel. Rather, the ESV normally reads people of Israel unless the referent is all males (in a few references to circumcision) or, most often, the referent is the twelve sons of Jacob. b. Why does the ESV 4 not translate sons of Israel most literally like the NASB more regularly does? Is this because the translators of the ESV wish to remove male-oriented details of meaning from the text of the Bible? Or did the ESV translator figure the translation sons of Israel to miscommunicate about the intention of the writer to a modern English reader? I assume the latter was the ESV translators motive. ] iv. The 2011 NIV incorrectly changes forefather to ancestor (cf. Josh 19:47). 1. NIV84: They settled in Leshem and named it Dan after their forefather. 2. NIV11: They settled in Leshem and named it Dan after their forefather ancestor. 3. [The CBMW documents asks Why does the new NIV seek to eliminate male meaning that is present in the Hebrew or Greek text? The obvious and 4 I mention the ESV because Wayne Grudem co-founded the CBMW and served as an editor for the ESV. Also, John Piper endorses the ESV and serves (or has served) on the council for CBMW. Page 8 of 15

9 9 gracious answer is simply this: the NIV translators find that ancestor communicates the meaning behind the text more readily than forefather. ] v. The 2011 NIV incorrectly changes mighty men to mighty warriors (cf. 2 Sam 23:8). 1. NIV84: These are the names of David s mighty men 2. NIV11: These are the names of David s mighty men warriors 3. [The word translated mighty men (gibborim) is not related directly to the other Hebrews words for man or male. Now a gibbor type strength would be found in men and probably not in women (hence HALOT s gloss of manly ). But the emphasis of the word is strength not maleness. This is why 1 Samuel 14:52 adds ish (man) to mighty man and why the LXX translated 2 Samuel 23:8 simply tw/n dunatw/n (ton dunaton, mighty ones ). Furthermore, the HCSB, NET, NLT, and NRSV all translate the word mighty warriors or something similar.] vi. The 2011 NIV incorrectly changes son to child 1. Proverbs 13:24 2. Psalm 8:4 vii. The 2011 NIV incorrectly changes man to a gender-neutral form 1. 1 Kings 9:5 a. NIV84: I will establish your royal throne over Israel forever, as I promised David your father when I said, You shall never fail to have a man on the throne of Israel. b. NIV11: I will establish your royal throne over Israel forever, as I promised David your father when I said, You shall never fail to have a man successor on the throne of Israel. c. [I am more sympathetic here to the CBMW s objections here (pp ). The word (ish) the new NIV translates successor is the generic word for man. Ish can at times include females when this Hebrew word is used in an axiomatic or generic way (that is, in a way that may apply to both male and females individually). However, could the kingly line be passed on and filled in by a woman? Either way, the NIV s move here is not unprecedented in English Bible translation as the NET, NLT, and NRSV use a non-male specific word of successor or descendant. ] 2. Pro 27:17 a. NIV84: As iron sharpens iron, so one man sharpens another. b. NIV11: As iron sharpens iron, so one man person sharpens another. c. [Again, the issue becomes whether this verse would be misunderstood and narrowly applied (i.e., the generic principle lost) if one translates it with man. ] viii. The 2011 NIV incorrectly changes brother to brother or sister or to other nonfamily words. Page 9 of 15

10 10 1. Luke 17:3 a. NIV84: So watch yourselves. If your brother sins, rebuke him, and if he repents, forgive him. b. NIV11: So watch yourselves. If your brother or sister sins against you, rebuke them; and if they repent, forgive them. c. [The CBMW make the point that Jesus could have easily articulated his story precisely as the NIV11 translates it by using both the words brother and sister (cf. James 2:15). And then they pose this key question that gets to the root of one s philosophy of Bible translation: Of course, we agree that these verses apply to sisters as well as brothers. But the question is whether we should mix application into the translation (p. 13).] 2. Deuteronomy 22:1 a. NIV84: If you see your brother s ox or sheep straying, do not ignore it but be sure to take it back to him. b. NIV11: If you see your fellow Israelite s ox or sheep straying, do not ignore it but be sure to take it back to its owner. c. [The updated NIV corrects a possible misunderstanding and so then application to the text. The modern English use of brother typically refers to a male that shares parents or one parent. The Hebrew word ah is much broader than this as it can also refer to a person from the same tribe, or country, or even a foreigner.] ix. The 2011 NIV incorrectly changes he and him to they and them (cf. John 14:23) 1. NIV84: If anyone loves me, he will obey my teaching. My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him. 2. NIV11: Jesus replied, If anyone Anyone who loves me, he will obey my teaching. My Father will love him them, and we will come to him them and make our home with him them. 3. [I agree whole heartily with the CBMW assessment when they say, This is the largest category of changes in the new NIV, and it makes a significant difference in meaning. This is because changing singulars to plurals removes the emphasis on an individual, personal relationship with God and on specific individual responsibility for one s choices and actions. Now, I presume, the NIV translators would respond that they are utilizing typical English practice. But, unfortunately this practice hides the meaning and intention of personal pronouns that were previously apparent to English readers. Has English usage changed so drastically that the former translation was unintelligible or easily misunderstood? It is my estimation that the changes from singulars to plurals actually heighten the potential for misunderstanding, misapplication, and misinterpretation.] Page 10 of 15

11 11 x. The 2011 NIV loses many more masculine singular pronouns than the Translators Notes suggest 1. Pro 28:19 a. NIV84: He who works his land will have abundant food, but the one who chases fantasies will have his fill of poverty. b. NIV11: He Those who works his work their land will have abundant food, but the one those who chases chase fantasies will have his their fill of poverty. 2. John 6:40 a. NIV84: For my Father s will is that everyone who looks to the Son and believes in him shall have eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day. b. NIV11: For my Father s will is that everyone who looks to the Son and believes in him shall have eternal life, and I will raise him them up at the last day. 3. John 15:6 a. NIV84: If anyone does not remain in me, he is like a branch that is thrown away and withers; such branches are picked up, thrown into the fire and burned. b. NIV11: If anyone does you do not remain in me, he is you are like a branch that is thrown away and withers; such branches are picked up, thrown into the fire and burned. 4. Pro 5:21 xi. Which pronouns can you really trust in the 2011 NIV? xii. Awkward and confusing sentences with singular them 1. Romans 4:8 a. NIV84: Blessed is the man whose sin the Lord will never count against him. b. NIV11: Blessed is the man one whose sin the Lord will never count against him them. c. [The new NIV translation here is unfortunate. First, the Greek is singular in both cases. Second, it makes for an awkward sentence that adds potential misunderstanding.] 2. See page 19: What is a bit puzzling is that the 2011 NIV at times does use he/him/his in a generic sense, thereby admitting that its use is still acceptable in English today. Consider these sentences, where the TNIV had their or them but the 2011 NIV switched back to his and him that were in the 1984 NIV: a. Matthew 10:24: The student is not above the teacher, nor a servant above his master. Page 11 of 15

12 12 b. Matthew 12:35: A good man brings good things out of the good stored up in him, and an evil man brings evil things out of the evil stored up in him. 3. Confusion created a. Matthew 18:15: If your brother or sister sins, go and point out their fault, just between the two of you. If they listen to you, you have won them over. b. Revelation 3:20: Here I am! I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in and eat with that person, and they with me. xiii. The 2011 NIV incorrectly changes women to weaklings 1. Nahum 3:13 2. [I think this can be a fine and more clarifying change. Is the point that they are women for the female-ness sake, or are they women on account of an inherent or general weakness in comparison to the strength of men? If it is the latter, and I think it is, this can be more clearly evident from the translation weaklings than women. ] d. The real controversy is whether to water down or omit details of meaning that modern culture finds offensive. [I am not persuaded that the new NIV translators were accommodating to modern culture on account of what is offensive. Rather, the NIV translators desire the Bible to be most easily and properly understood by the typical (perhaps, uninitiated) English reader. This is a fine intention, but this does not mean I commend their execution.] e. Conclusion: We regret, therefore, that we cannot recommend the 2011 NIV as sufficiently reliable English translation. And unless Zondervan changes its mind and keeps the current edition of the 1984 NIV in print, the 2011 NIV will soon be the only edition of the NIV that is available. Therefore, unless Zondervan changes its mind, we cannot recommend the NIV itself. Page 12 of 15

13 13 III. Example: Brief Analysis of John 3 NIV :1 Now there was a Pharisee, a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, who was a member of the Jewish ruling council. 3:2 He came to Jesus at night and said, Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher who has come from God. For no one could perform the miraculous signs you are doing if God were not with him. Rick Zaman s Brief Comments 3:3 In reply Jesus declared replied, Very truly I Notice the shift from the singular no one to the tell you the truth, no one can see the kingdom plural they are. The Greek maintains the singular of God unless he is they are born again. in both places and more evidently connects the relationship of an individual s failure to be see the kingdom to that individual s, and only that individual s, failure to be born again. 3:4 How can a man someone be born when he is they are old? Nicodemus asked. Surely he theycannot enter a second time into his their mother s womb to be born! 3:5 Jesus answered, Very truly I tell you the truth, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless he isthey are born of water and the Spirit. 3:11 Very truly I tell you the truth, we speak of what we know, and we testify to what we have seen, but still you people do not accept our testimony. 3:14 Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the desert wilderness, so the Son of Man must be lifted up, 3:15 that everyone who believes in him may have eternal life in him. 3:16 For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. If the switch from man (anthropos) to someone in this instance can be acceptable since the reference is clearly generic. However, the Greek does not switch from the singular to the plural as the new NIV does throughout this verse. This shift adds confusion to an otherwise clear look at the original grammar. Again, notice the shift from the singular to the plural. The Greek again is singular throughout. 5 For the following Scripture texts, the greyed-crossed-out text indicates changes removed from the NIV84 while the green highlight indicates that which was added in for the NIV2011. Page 13 of 15

14 14 NIV :18 Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because he has they have not believed in the name of God s one and only Son. Rick Zaman s Brief Comments Who is the they here? It is somewhat unclear. It would be a frightening thing to consider that some single person stands condemned because some they, (whoever they are) has not believed. Unintentionally, the new NIV has clouded the clarity of personal accountability here. 3:19 This is the verdict: Light has come into the The use of men (anthropoi) is similar to verse four; world, but men people loved darkness instead see the explanation there. of light because their deeds were evil. 3:20 Everyone who does evil hates the light, and will not come into the light for fear that his their deeds will be exposed. 3:21 But whoever lives by the truth comes into the light, so that it may be seen plainly that what he hasthey have done has been done through in the sight of God. 3:23 Now John also was baptizing at Aenon near Salim, because there was plenty of water, and people were constantly coming to be and being baptized. 3:26 They came to John and said to him, Rabbi, that man who was with you on the other side of the Jordan the one you testified about well look, he is baptizing, and everyone is going to him. 3:27 To this John replied, A man person can receive only what is given him them from heaven. 3:28 You yourselves can testify that I said, I am not the Christ Messiah but am sent ahead of him. 3:30 He must become greater; I must become less. 3:31 The one who comes from above is above all; the one who is from the earth belongs to the earth, and speaks as one from the earth. The one who comes from heaven is above all. 3:33 The man who Whoever has accepted it has certified that God is truthful. Whose deeds will be exposed? Again by staying in the singular, the Greek indicates a direct connection between hating the light, not coming, and the exposure of his deeds. Again, here is a more confusing than necessary shift from the singular to the plural. For the switch from man to person see verse four. But with the switch from the singular ( person ) to the plural ( them ) the direct connection from the two parts of the verse is needlessly masked. The move from man to whoever is most appropriate as the word man does not occur in Page 14 of 15

15 15 NIV :36 Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life, but whoever rejects the Son will not see life, for God s wrath remains on him them. Rick Zaman s Brief Comments the Greek here. The personal accountability of one s denial of Christ is masked by moving from the singular him to the plural them. Which is more likely to be misunderstood by the modern reader? Is one more likely to assume that when it reads him that wrath only comes upon males who reject the Son? Or is one more likely to miss the individual, personal, and direct connection between rejecting Christ and undergoing God s wrath? Or perhaps the issue needs to be which misreading can we tolerate more. Page 15 of 15

Gospel of John in ASL

Gospel of John in ASL 3. There was a man named Nicodemous, a Jewish religious leader who was a Pharisee. 2. After dark one evening, he came to speak with Jesus. "Rabbi," he said, "we all know that God has sent you to teach

More information

Website: cbmw.org. **Excellent resource for a Biblical view of the roles of men and women in marriage, the church, and society.

Website: cbmw.org. **Excellent resource for a Biblical view of the roles of men and women in marriage, the church, and society. Website: cbmw.org **Excellent resource for a Biblical view of the roles of men and women in marriage, the church, and society. Danvers Statement Affirming the Gender Roles of Men and Women The Danvers

More information

Joint Heirs Adult Bible Fellowship October 15, 2017 Will Duke, Guest Speaker. How to Study the Bible Part 2

Joint Heirs Adult Bible Fellowship October 15, 2017 Will Duke, Guest Speaker. How to Study the Bible Part 2 Joint Heirs Adult Bible Fellowship October 15, 2017 Will Duke, Guest Speaker How to Study the Bible Part 2 Review: I. The Bible Is a Unique Book. We must begin by remembering what we are studying. The

More information

The Transmission of God s Word: Gender and Bible Choice

The Transmission of God s Word: Gender and Bible Choice The Transmission of God s Word: Gender and Bible Choice The Nature of God s Word (Scripture s Doctrine) The Makeup of God s Word (Scripture s Canon) The Preservation of God s Word (Scripture s Text) The

More information

Translation Comparison Brad Norman May 23, 2011

Translation Comparison Brad Norman May 23, 2011 Translation Comparison Brad Norman May 23, 2011 Introduction The 2011 NIV is not a worthy successor to the 1984 NIV because of the many inappropriate changes that have been made. Several other translations

More information

Contours: The Beliefs That Shape Our Faith

Contours: The Beliefs That Shape Our Faith Contours: The Beliefs That Shape Our Faith Lesson One: Hello, Theology D. Lee Kemp 09.03.2014 Fort Mill Church of God 2 I. Introduction: We Believe (show Newsboys song: We Believe ) A. Opening question:

More information

Appendix K. Exegesis for the Translation of the Phrase the Holy Spirit as Antecedent in John 14, 15 and 16

Appendix K. Exegesis for the Translation of the Phrase the Holy Spirit as Antecedent in John 14, 15 and 16 Appendix K (From The Holy Bible In Its Original Order A New English Translation A Faithful Version with Commentary) Exegesis for the Translation of the Phrase the Holy Spirit as Antecedent in John 14,

More information

God the Father. In the. (Genesis 1:1, niv).

God the Father. In the. (Genesis 1:1, niv). Session 1 God the Father In the beginning God... (Genesis 1:1, niv). 6 God. An important word. A confusing word. It is pretty hard to find anyone who doesn t really believe in God. Most people have some

More information

WHY IS THE ENGLISH STANDARD VERSION BEST FOR PREACHING? i

WHY IS THE ENGLISH STANDARD VERSION BEST FOR PREACHING? i WHY IS THE ENGLISH STANDARD VERSION BEST FOR PREACHING? i There are two lines of reasoning that have led the elders of Delta Church to decide that the ESV is the best translation for our preaching ministry.

More information

INTRODUCTION TO THE Holman Christian Standard Bible

INTRODUCTION TO THE Holman Christian Standard Bible INTRODUCTION TO THE Holman Christian Standard Bible The Bible is God s revelation to man. It is the only book that gives us accurate information about God, man s need, and God s provision for that need.

More information

Sister Phoebe Romans 16:1-2 4/14/2013 Copyright by Mark Vaughan 4/2013 Keywords membership, fellowship, serving, deacons, woman s role

Sister Phoebe Romans 16:1-2 4/14/2013 Copyright by Mark Vaughan 4/2013 Keywords membership, fellowship, serving, deacons, woman s role Sister Phoebe Romans 16:1-2 4/14/2013 Copyright by Mark Vaughan 4/2013 Keywords membership, fellowship, serving, deacons, woman s role Today in our study of Romans we enter the final chapter so turn with

More information

The miraculous gifts of the Holy Spirit are temporary.

The miraculous gifts of the Holy Spirit are temporary. The miraculous gifts of the Holy Spirit are identified in Mark 16:17-18: And these signs will accompany those who believe: In my name they will drive out demons; they will speak in new tongues; 18 they

More information

DO GENDER-SENSITIVE TRANSLATIONS DISTORT SCRIPTURE? NOT NECESSARILY. darrell l. bock*

DO GENDER-SENSITIVE TRANSLATIONS DISTORT SCRIPTURE? NOT NECESSARILY. darrell l. bock* JETS 45/4 (December 2002) 651 69 DO GENDER-SENSITIVE TRANSLATIONS DISTORT SCRIPTURE? NOT NECESSARILY darrell l. bock* The recent flap over Bible translation has the potential to split significantly the

More information

Water Baptism. God commands all believers to be water baptised. Faith, repentance and water baptism

Water Baptism. God commands all believers to be water baptised. Faith, repentance and water baptism Water Baptism God commands all believers to be water baptised In Matthew 28:19, Mark 16:16 and Acts 2:38, God instructs all humans who are believers and disciples of the Lord Jesus Christ to be water baptised.

More information

THE GREAT DEBATE ABOUT ENGLISH BIBLE VERSIONS: A CALL FOR REALISM AND CIVILITY

THE GREAT DEBATE ABOUT ENGLISH BIBLE VERSIONS: A CALL FOR REALISM AND CIVILITY CHRISTIAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE PO Box 8500, Charlotte, NC 28271 Feature Article: JAF3364 THE GREAT DEBATE ABOUT ENGLISH BIBLE VERSIONS: A CALL FOR REALISM AND CIVILITY by Dave Brunn This article first appeared

More information

Back to Basics John 3:1-21

Back to Basics John 3:1-21 Back to Basics John 3:1-21 Nicodemus Background John 3:1 (NASB) Now there was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. John 3:10 (NASB) Jesus answered and said to him, Are you the

More information

Closing Words. Romans 15:14 16:27. Apostle Paul (~ 5 67 A.D.) By Andrei Rublev (1410)

Closing Words. Romans 15:14 16:27. Apostle Paul (~ 5 67 A.D.) By Andrei Rublev (1410) Closing Words Romans 15:14 16:27 Apostle Paul (~ 5 67 A.D.) By Andrei Rublev (1410) Previously in Romans Previously in Romans This epistle is really the chief part of the New Testament, and is truly the

More information

Session 11 - Phoebe and the Role of Women as Deaconesses in the Church. (Romans 16:1, 2, 7; I Timothy 3:11-13)

Session 11 - Phoebe and the Role of Women as Deaconesses in the Church. (Romans 16:1, 2, 7; I Timothy 3:11-13) Session 11 - Phoebe and the Role of Women as Deaconesses in the Church (Romans 16:1, 2, 7; I Timothy 3:11-13) I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church in Cenchrea. I ask you to receive

More information

The WELL. Bible Study. Help Guide

The WELL. Bible Study. Help Guide The WELL Bible Study Help Guide The Bible can seem huge and overwhelming at first glance but is full of good news and truth. Not to mention it s the Word of God and our best source from which to learn

More information

A Gospel of Grace. first edition // April, 2017

A Gospel of Grace. first edition // April, 2017 1 A Gospel of Grace Retain the standard of sound words which you have heard from me, in the faith and love which are in Christ Jesus. Guard, through the Holy Spirit who dwells in us, the treasure which

More information

LUNCH 7/Day 4/Wayne Grudem/Principles of Effective Bible Translation: Advantages of an Essentially Literal Translation Philosophy

LUNCH 7/Day 4/Wayne Grudem/Principles of Effective Bible Translation: Advantages of an Essentially Literal Translation Philosophy Principles of Effective Bible Translation: Advantages of an Essentially Literal Translation Philosophy (or, Why Plenary Inspiration Favors Essentially Literal Translations) Bible translations represent

More information

Jesus and Nicodemus Discuss the New Birth. May, 26 A.D. John 2: John 3:1-21

Jesus and Nicodemus Discuss the New Birth. May, 26 A.D. John 2: John 3:1-21 http://www.biblestudyworkshop.com 1 Jesus and Nicodemus Discuss the New Birth May, 26 A.D. John 2:23-25 John 3:1-21 http://www.biblestudyworkshop.com 2 Text: Early Response to Jesus' Miracles John 2:23-25,

More information

91.2 What Does the Bible Say About Women? Part II

91.2 What Does the Bible Say About Women? Part II Page 1 of 6 QUESTIONS WE WANT ANSWERED 91.2 What Does the Bible Say About Women? Part II Scripture: I Corinthians 11:3-16, 14:34-36; I Timothy 2:8-14; Titus 2; Romans 16:1-3, 6, 12-13, 15 Several observations

More information

The Biblical Deacon. What is a Deacon?

The Biblical Deacon. What is a Deacon? The Biblical Deacon What is a Deacon? A deacon is a recognized, God-called servant-leader in Jesus church, equipped with the head, heart and hands of a spiritual servant, who serves alongside other deacons

More information

Primary Text: John 6: This is God s Word. Prayer:

Primary Text: John 6: This is God s Word. Prayer: Primary Text: 22 On the next day the crowd that remained on the other side of the sea saw that there had been only one boat there, and that Jesus had not entered the boat with his disciples, but that his

More information

Matthew 18:15-18: The Most Misapplied Passage on Church Conflict

Matthew 18:15-18: The Most Misapplied Passage on Church Conflict Chapter 6 Matthew 18:15-18: The Most Misapplied Passage on Church Conflict An Examination of Matthew 18:15-18 Introduction The Text Applies Only when Two Conditions Exist A Charge of Sin The Presence of

More information

ARE THE SPIRITUAL GIFTS FOR THE CHURCH TODAY?

ARE THE SPIRITUAL GIFTS FOR THE CHURCH TODAY? ARE THE SPIRITUAL GIFTS FOR THE CHURCH TODAY? By Denver Cheddie There are many sincere believers in the body of Christ who believe that certain gifts of the Spirit are no longer required for the church

More information

Village Church of Wheaton John 3:31-36 May 27, Jesus the Witness. John 3: 31-36

Village Church of Wheaton John 3:31-36 May 27, Jesus the Witness. John 3: 31-36 Jesus the Witness John 3: 31-36 Does the thought of witnessing to someone scare you to death? I mean, you know that as a Christian you are to be telling others about Christ, but somehow it just does not

More information

Marriage and Parenting Topic 4 Marriage Finances Bradford Neal Valley Bible Church

Marriage and Parenting Topic 4 Marriage Finances Bradford Neal Valley Bible Church Marriage and Parenting Topic 4 Marriage Finances Bradford Neal Valley Bible Church www.valleybible.net Introduction Psalm 24:1 The earth is the LORD S, and all it contains, The world, and those who dwell

More information

Jesus and Nicodemus Discuss the New Birth

Jesus and Nicodemus Discuss the New Birth Jesus and Nicodemus Discuss the New Birth May, 26 A.D. John 2:23-25 John 3:1-21 Early Response to Jesus' Miracles Text: John 2:23-25, Now while he was in Jerusalem at the Passover Feast, many people saw

More information

Read through Matthew, Mark, Luke and John as many times as possible before studying John.

Read through Matthew, Mark, Luke and John as many times as possible before studying John. Each and every time you sit down to read God s Word, make sure you go to Him and ask Him to read His words to you. Ask Him to explain what He is saying to you. Ask Him to grant you knowledge. Ask Him to

More information

BELIEVE SERIES Lesson One. The Bible

BELIEVE SERIES Lesson One. The Bible The Bible BELIEVE SERIES Lesson One Key Verse: "All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the servant of God may be thoroughly

More information

N E T W O R K O F G L O R Y. God Is Faithful

N E T W O R K O F G L O R Y. God Is Faithful N E T W O R K O F G L O R Y God Is Faithful Moses: 6 For you are a holy people, who belong to the LORD your God. Of all the people on earth, the LORD your God has chosen you (Israel) to be His own special

More information

Jewett, Paul K. Man as Male and Female. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, pp.

Jewett, Paul K. Man as Male and Female. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, pp. Egalitarian Jewett, Paul K. Man as Male and Female. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1975. 200 pp. Reviewed by: Michelle Myers, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary Introduction

More information

AFFIRMATIONS OF FAITH

AFFIRMATIONS OF FAITH The Apostle Paul challenges Christians of all ages as follows: I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have

More information

I. The Gender-Neutral Bible Controversy

I. The Gender-Neutral Bible Controversy WTJ 74 (2012): 133-48 Comments on Mark Strauss s Response Vern S. Poythress would like to reply to Mark Strauss s response (in this issue of WTJ) to an I article of mine, entitled Gender Neutral Issues

More information

LIVING LIGHT. Session 4 WATER BAPTISM. vision & commitment session 4 WATER BAPTISM 1

LIVING LIGHT. Session 4 WATER BAPTISM. vision & commitment session 4 WATER BAPTISM 1 Session 4 WATER BAPTISM... Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. Acts 2:38 This is Peter

More information

No Fire on the Sabbath?

No Fire on the Sabbath? The following is a direct script of a teaching that is intended to be presented via video, incorporating relevant text, slides, media, and graphics to assist in illustration, thus facilitating the presentation

More information

Is there any indication of the volume of water or method of baptism from these passages?

Is there any indication of the volume of water or method of baptism from these passages? 1 Baptism Let s not ask the question: Is baptism necessary for salvation according to the teachings of TLCC? Rather let s seek to ask & answer this question: What does the Bible say happens in, at, through,

More information

Date: May 31st, Sunday am Passage: 1 Timothy 3:8-13 Title: The Qualifications for a Deacon

Date: May 31st, Sunday am Passage: 1 Timothy 3:8-13 Title: The Qualifications for a Deacon Date: May 31st, 2015 - Sunday am Passage: 1 Timothy 3:8-13 Title: The Qualifications for a Deacon Introduction: As you know Our church is transitioning: From being a Church Plant To be an - Autonomous

More information

Acting in Ignorance. Thesis: Acts 3:17 21 (ESV)

Acting in Ignorance. Thesis: Acts 3:17 21 (ESV) Acts 3: 21 (ESV) Thesis: Scripture does not exclude ignorance of God or His commands. I. THE SPIRIT EMPOWERS THE CHURCH FOR WITNESS (1:1 2:47) II. THE APOSTLES WITNESS TO THE JEWS IN JERUSALEM (3:1 5:42)

More information

10 Devotional. Method of Study. 216 Understanding the Bible LESSON

10 Devotional. Method of Study. 216 Understanding the Bible LESSON 216 Understanding the Bible LESSON 10 Devotional Method of Study A tired, hungry traveler in a desolate place finds a beautiful tree, laden with delicious fruit. His one desire is to eat a piece of the

More information

Jesus Makes Change Possible When Life Isn t Enough

Jesus Makes Change Possible When Life Isn t Enough WEEK 2 I Jesus Makes Change Possible When Life Isn t Enough s something missing in your life, something you can t define? Perhaps all you know is that life doesn t seem to be enough for you. Has your search

More information

Resource Ministries STM2 - Communicating God s Word COMMUNICATING GOD S WORD WITH INSPIRATION

Resource Ministries STM2 - Communicating God s Word COMMUNICATING GOD S WORD WITH INSPIRATION I. What is inspiration? Resource Ministries STM2 - Communicating God s Word COMMUNICATING GOD S WORD WITH INSPIRATION A. Ability of a speaker to stir the heart of the hearer to life of the message. B.

More information

BELIEVE IN ME (JOHN 14:1-11)

BELIEVE IN ME (JOHN 14:1-11) BELIEVE IN ME (JOHN 14:1-11) TEXT Let not your hearts be troubled. Believe in God; believe also in me. 2 In my Father s house are many rooms. If it were not so, would I have told you that I go to prepare

More information

The Reformation and Baptist Compromise

The Reformation and Baptist Compromise The Reformation and Baptist Compromise By I. K. Cross Baptists have been betrayed into the hands of Protestantism by their own historians. While Protestantism failed in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries

More information

Hermeneutics: How to Understand and Interpret the Bible. John Oakes 10/1/2011

Hermeneutics: How to Understand and Interpret the Bible. John Oakes 10/1/2011 Hermeneutics: How to Understand and Interpret the Bible John Oakes 10/1/2011 Definitions Hermeneutics: The systematic study of the principles and methods of interpretation (of the Bible). The meaning in

More information

Divine Agency in the Scriptures

Divine Agency in the Scriptures Divine Agency in the Scriptures David Burge, New Zealand NOTE: Ministers of the New Covenant does not use the terms God and Jesus in the manner that the author of this article does. However, what he has

More information

Lesson #9: The Doctrine of Predestination

Lesson #9: The Doctrine of Predestination Lesson #9: The Doctrine of Predestination What is the doctrine of Predestination and Unconditional Election? (Instead of trying to explain the doctrine of predestination to you, I am going to let someone

More information

My Experience Of Speaking in Tongues.

My Experience Of Speaking in Tongues. Welcome to: - Bible House Of Grace. God, through His Son Jesus, provides eternal grace for our failures and human limitations. My Experience Of Speaking in Tongues. (2013) The Bible not only reveals God

More information

LIGHT IN THE DARKNESS. We are well acquainted with John s prologue to the gospel:

LIGHT IN THE DARKNESS. We are well acquainted with John s prologue to the gospel: LIGHT IN THE DARKNESS It seems clear at the outset, that the Gospel of John sets about to establish a theme of Light vs Darkness as he introduces the reader to his best friend who just happens to be the

More information

Paul in Romans 7 Believer or Unbeliever? Berean Bible Study Christ Bible Church

Paul in Romans 7 Believer or Unbeliever? Berean Bible Study Christ Bible Church Believer or Unbeliever? Berean Bible Study Christ Bible Church My Journey in Romans 7 I formerly held the position that Romans 7 is Paul s description of his spiritual struggles in his current state (at

More information

Ancient New Testament Manuscripts Understanding Variants Gerry Andersen Valley Bible Church, Lancaster, California

Ancient New Testament Manuscripts Understanding Variants Gerry Andersen Valley Bible Church, Lancaster, California Ancient New Testament Manuscripts Understanding Variants Gerry Andersen Valley Bible Church, Lancaster, California 1. Review of corrections in the New Testament manuscripts Ancient New Testament scribes

More information

The Resurrection of Jesus Christ. Matthew 28

The Resurrection of Jesus Christ. Matthew 28 The Resurrection of Jesus Christ Matthew 28 The Resurrection of Jesus Christ The Resurrection of Jesus Christ The story that defines our faith. The event that sets Jesus apart from other teachers, prophets

More information

THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO EVANGELICAL POSTMODERNISM. ROBERT N. WILKIN Editor Journal of the Grace Evangelical Society Irving, TX I.

THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO EVANGELICAL POSTMODERNISM. ROBERT N. WILKIN Editor Journal of the Grace Evangelical Society Irving, TX I. THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO EVANGELICAL POSTMODERNISM ROBERT N. WILKIN Editor Journal of the Grace Evangelical Society Irving, TX I. INTRODUCTION Evangelical Postmoderns embrace doubt. They aren t sure God

More information

Spirit Baptism, Water Baptism, and the Church COB /

Spirit Baptism, Water Baptism, and the Church COB / Spirit Baptism, Water Baptism, and the Church COB / 01.26.14 Introduction [Slide 1: River] Good morning! I used a local picture for the slides today, our very own Susquehanna River, which I now know how

More information

THE FULLY PREACHED GOSPEL Go and Make Disciples of all Nations

THE FULLY PREACHED GOSPEL Go and Make Disciples of all Nations THE FULLY PREACHED GOSPEL Go and Make Disciples of all Nations The Great Commission- Matt 28:18-20 18 Then Jesus came to them and said, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Therefore

More information

Matthew. Chapter 18. Blue Letter Bible

Matthew. Chapter 18. Blue Letter Bible Matthew Chapter 18 By Don Stewart Brought to you by Blue Letter Bible BlueLetterBible.org Matthew 18 262 MATTHEW CHAPTER 18 Jesus continues to teach His disciples on the precepts of the kingdom. After

More information

ASSEMBLIES OF THE LORD JESUS CHRIST

ASSEMBLIES OF THE LORD JESUS CHRIST ASSEMBLIES OF THE LORD JESUS CHRIST JUDICIAL PROCEDURE Printed: February 2006 ASSEMBLIES OF THE LORD JESUS CHRIST JUDICIAL PROCEDURE Printed: February 2006 JUDICIAL PROCEDURE INTRODUCTION The purpose of

More information

3D Blessing Worksheet

3D Blessing Worksheet 3D Blessing Worksheet 1. Blessing GOD - Giving thanks to God for person 2. Blessing DESIGN - Include Scripture in blessing WHO they are 3. Blessing DESTINY- Include Scripture in blessing WHERE they have

More information

Observation. 1. John 3 opens by introducing us to a man. What was his name, and what did you learn about him?

Observation. 1. John 3 opens by introducing us to a man. What was his name, and what did you learn about him? Note from Kathy Have you ever taken a question to God, only to feel as though He is answering a different question than what you asked Him? Bringing our questions to God does not guarantee we will get

More information

Nicodemus Visits Jesus

Nicodemus Visits Jesus Nicodemus Visits Jesus Who do you say I am? Session 4 Lesson Notes The irony in this scene illustrates the religious leaders inability to recognize what is in front of their eyes. They have devoted their

More information

Scriptural Promise The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God stands forever, Isaiah 40:8

Scriptural Promise The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God stands forever, Isaiah 40:8 C. Introduction to the NASB Because Orwell Bible Church uses primarily the New American Standard Bible (1995), we ll take a little time to learn about this translation. If you use a different translation,

More information

Questions about Events in the End Times

Questions about Events in the End Times Questions about Events in the End Times Introduction One of the concepts that is described in Scripture is the idea that there are two primary ages or periods of time during which people will live. The

More information

Thought Paper Concerning The Baker Letter Presented to the Gospel Study Group meeting at Andrews University November 7-9, 2008.

Thought Paper Concerning The Baker Letter Presented to the Gospel Study Group meeting at Andrews University November 7-9, 2008. Thought Paper Concerning The Baker Letter Presented to the Gospel Study Group meeting at Andrews University November 7-9, 2008 by Jerry Finneman There are persons who attach great importance to a passage

More information

Ephesians 4:11 "The Apostles Of Jesus Christ"

Ephesians 4:11 The Apostles Of Jesus Christ Ephesians 4:11 "The Apostles Of Jesus Christ" EPH 4:11 "It was he who gave some to be apostles, some to be prophets, some to be evangelists, and some to be pastors and teachers,..." This morning we come

More information

30 BIBLE VERSES ON DISCERNMENT

30 BIBLE VERSES ON DISCERNMENT 30 BIBLE VERSES ON DISCERNMENT ChristineAbraham.org Below are 30 Bible verses about discernment. Read one a day and pray through the verses during the month. After you print a copy, underline all words

More information

THE CHURCH OF GOD SABBATH SCHOOL LESSONS THIRD QUARTER 2017 JULY AUGUST SEPTEMBER THE TEN COMMANDMENTS. I. Thou shalt have no other gods before me.

THE CHURCH OF GOD SABBATH SCHOOL LESSONS THIRD QUARTER 2017 JULY AUGUST SEPTEMBER THE TEN COMMANDMENTS. I. Thou shalt have no other gods before me. THE TEN COMMANDMENTS I. Thou shalt have no other gods before me. II. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath,

More information

The Completeness of the Scriptures

The Completeness of the Scriptures This very important subject must precede the detail study of any scriptures. Most of the confusion about many Bible verses results from the practice of using non scriptural information as determining factors

More information

Valley Bible Church - Sermon Transcript. Ungodliness Prophesied Jude 14-19

Valley Bible Church - Sermon Transcript. Ungodliness Prophesied Jude 14-19 Valley Bible Church - Sermon Transcript Ungodliness Prophesied Jude 14-19 As we turn to our verses today, I want to remind you that the book of Jude has one major theme, and that is apostasy. Verses 14-19

More information

What Did It Once Mean to Be a Lutheran?

What Did It Once Mean to Be a Lutheran? What Did It Once Mean to Be a Lutheran? What does it mean to be a Lutheran today? For most people, I suppose, it means that a person is a member active or inactive of a church that includes the word "Lutheran"

More information

The Anticipated New Covenant Romans 9 11 Part I

The Anticipated New Covenant Romans 9 11 Part I The Anticipated New Covenant Romans 9 11 Part I The entirety of Romans 9 11 is a single unit that has one overarching theme: Israel. In this study we will start in the central e section and spiral out

More information

Bible Verses Set #2 Name: Bible Verses Set #1. Name: Bible Verses Set #3. Bible Verses Set #4 Name: Name:

Bible Verses Set #2 Name: Bible Verses Set #1. Name: Bible Verses Set #3. Bible Verses Set #4 Name: Name: Bible Verses Set #1 Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Romans 3:23 For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. John 3:16 For God loved the world in this way:

More information

NOTES ON THE GOSPEL OF JOHN FROM A DISPENSATIONAL PERSPECTIVE

NOTES ON THE GOSPEL OF JOHN FROM A DISPENSATIONAL PERSPECTIVE NOTES ON THE GOSPEL OF JOHN FROM A DISPENSATIONAL PERSPECTIVE By Jack W. Langford, September, 1996 These notes form a series of brief outline accounts of different aspects of the Gospel of John from a

More information

Elders & Deacons in the Church John Hepp, Jr.

Elders & Deacons in the Church John Hepp, Jr. Elders & Deacons in the Church John Hepp, Jr. It would not be right for us to neglect the ministry of the word of God in order to wait on tables.we will turn this responsibility over to them and will give

More information

JUSTIFICATION BY WORKS VERSUS JUSTIFICATION BY GRACE

JUSTIFICATION BY WORKS VERSUS JUSTIFICATION BY GRACE JUSTIFICATION BY WORKS VERSUS JUSTIFICATION BY GRACE INTRODUCTION FOR LESSON TWO We listed in the previous article 21 items the Bible says saves us! GOD saves us through His MERCY, GRACE, and LOVE. CHRIST

More information

Romans THE FIVE W S 2 SOME EXPLANATIONS AND A CHALLENGE 3 PERSONAL APPLICATION ROMANS 1:1 17 4

Romans THE FIVE W S 2 SOME EXPLANATIONS AND A CHALLENGE 3 PERSONAL APPLICATION ROMANS 1:1 17 4 Romans introduction THE FIVE W S 2 SOME EXPLANATIONS AND A CHALLENGE 3 PERSONAL APPLICATION ROMANS : 7 4 An adventure this certainly will be! Not merely mind-filling, we hope, but life-changing and faith-deepening

More information

CONSTITUTION OF THE FBC CHARLOTTE DEAF MISSION

CONSTITUTION OF THE FBC CHARLOTTE DEAF MISSION CONSTITUTION OF THE FBC CHARLOTTE DEAF MISSION Adopted by the membership on: August 20, 2008; Updated March 6, 2013 Updated September 4, 2014 Updated September 21, 2015 Preamble We, the members of FBC

More information

Water Baptism Class By Bill Scheidler

Water Baptism Class By Bill Scheidler Water Baptism Class By Bill Scheidler I. What is meaning of the word baptize? Christian baptism finds its origin in the command of Christ after His triumphant resurrection from the grave. Therefore go

More information

The Interpretive Journey. Hour Four Crossing the Divide And Making Application Here & Now

The Interpretive Journey. Hour Four Crossing the Divide And Making Application Here & Now The Interpretive Journey Hour Four Crossing the Divide And Making Application Here & Now Bible Translations The Bible version (or translation) is different from the marketing format used by the publishers.

More information

Lighthouse Community Church Body Life 2017

Lighthouse Community Church Body Life 2017 Lighthouse Statement of Belief The Nature of God We believe that there is one God, the Creator of all things, eternally existing in three persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. These three

More information

The Consequences of Opposing Worldviews and Opposing Sources of Knowledge By: Rev. Dr. Matthew Richard

The Consequences of Opposing Worldviews and Opposing Sources of Knowledge By: Rev. Dr. Matthew Richard The Consequences of Opposing Worldviews and Opposing Sources of Knowledge By: Rev. Dr. Matthew Richard What happens when two individuals with two opposing worldviews (i.e., lenses) interact? Paul Hiebert

More information

I. Matthew 19:10 The disciples said to him, If such is the case of a man with his wife, it is better not to marry.

I. Matthew 19:10 The disciples said to him, If such is the case of a man with his wife, it is better not to marry. Matthew 19:10-12 Introduction On any account, these verses are difficult to understand. In my own studies, I ve come across at least five different interpretations! You can find an explanation of three

More information

BIBLICAL PATTERNS OF CHURCH GOVERNANCE

BIBLICAL PATTERNS OF CHURCH GOVERNANCE BIBLICAL PATTERNS OF CHURCH GOVERNANCE By Dr. Josh Laxton Today there are vast arrays of church government structures. From Catholicism, which practices an Episcopalianism form of government, to Southern

More information

Revised by Mark Stafford for Canyon Bible Church of Verde Valley in July, 2015

Revised by Mark Stafford for Canyon Bible Church of Verde Valley in July, 2015 Romans 8 Study Guide Copyright 2001, Thomas C. Pinckney. This data file is the sole property of Thomas C. Pinckney. Please feel free to copy it, but for circulation freely without charge. Revised by Mark

More information

Why Speak in Tongues?

Why Speak in Tongues? Why Speak in Tongues? by Pastor Jim Feeney Speaking in tongues! Just utter that phrase among Christians, and you elicit a wide variety of reactions, sometimes very strong reactions. Many ask, "Is speaking

More information

Valley Bible Church Sermon Transcript

Valley Bible Church Sermon Transcript Faith and Works James 2:14-26 Part One I am sure all of you who have been attending Valley Bible these past few months know that we are studying the Epistle of James. I am also sure that you now know that

More information

BIBLE VERSIONS: THE GOOD, THE BAD, AND THE UGLY (Part One)

BIBLE VERSIONS: THE GOOD, THE BAD, AND THE UGLY (Part One) CHRISTIAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE PO Box 8500, Charlotte, NC 28271 Feature Article: JAB121-1 BIBLE VERSIONS: THE GOOD, THE BAD, AND THE UGLY (Part One) by James R. White This article first appeared in the Christian

More information

GROWING UP IN FAITH GALATIANS 3:23-29 CHRISTIANS ARE EXPECTED TO LIVE FAR BETTER THAN OLD TESTAMENT LAW.

GROWING UP IN FAITH GALATIANS 3:23-29 CHRISTIANS ARE EXPECTED TO LIVE FAR BETTER THAN OLD TESTAMENT LAW. GROWING UP IN FAITH GALATIANS 3:23-29 CHRISTIANS ARE EXPECTED TO LIVE FAR BETTER THAN OLD TESTAMENT LAW. I. APPROACHING CHILDREN (VS 23-25) EVEN THOUGH OLD TESTAMENT LAW CANNOT BRING US SALVATION, IT CAN

More information

Tips for Using Logos Bible Software Version 3

Tips for Using Logos Bible Software Version 3 Tips for Using Logos Bible Software Version 3 Revised January 14, 2010 Note: These instructions are for the Logos for Windows version 3, but the general principles apply to Logos for Macintosh version

More information

The Church of the Servant King

The Church of the Servant King The Church of the Servant King Survey of the Bible Series The Gospel of John (SB_JN6B_Jesus is the Bread of Life) The Bread From Heaven (John 6:22-40) The multitude that had been fed retired for the night

More information

Teaching Can Be a Ministry

Teaching Can Be a Ministry Lesson 1 Teaching Can Be a Ministry Do you know that God wants you to be a teacher? In this study you will learn that this is so. You will learn why God wants you to teach, and how to teach as a ministry.

More information

WHAT MUST I DO? LET S STUDY THE PLAN OF SALVATION ACCORDING TO THE BIBLE

WHAT MUST I DO? LET S STUDY THE PLAN OF SALVATION ACCORDING TO THE BIBLE LET S STUDY THE PLAN OF SALVATION ACCORDING TO THE BIBLE WHAT MUST I DO? When the apostle Peter preached about Jesus, his listeners cried out, Brethren, what shall we do? (Acts 2:7). When Christ appeared

More information

Hades is not Hell Wilbur N. Pickering, ThM PhD

Hades is not Hell Wilbur N. Pickering, ThM PhD Hades is not Hell Wilbur N. Pickering, ThM PhD This is clear from Revelation 0:-5 And Death and Hades were thrown into the Lake of Fire. This is the second death, the Lake of Fire. 5 And if anyone was

More information

You Will Be Baptized with the Holy Spirit - Part 2

You Will Be Baptized with the Holy Spirit - Part 2 Hope Christian Church D. Todd Cravens 22 May 2016 Sermon Series: Jesus Said What? You Will Be Baptized with the Holy Spirit - Part 2 (Acts 1:4-5 ESV) 4 And while staying with them he ordered them not to

More information

Wayne L. Atchison October 17, 2007

Wayne L. Atchison October 17, 2007 2003-2007 Wayne L. Atchison October 17, 2007 Wayne@BendCable.com No, We Are Not Idiots John 1:1 is always offered as the definitive proof text every time someone wants to prove the Trinity or the preexistence

More information

Revelation 20: The NIV text says: Each verse of the ASV text is listed separately, as follows:

Revelation 20: The NIV text says: Each verse of the ASV text is listed separately, as follows: When studying any passage in Revelation we must keep in mind the nature of the book. It is universally acknowledged to be the most famous book of prophecy and figurative language in the New Testament.

More information

The Ethiopian Treasurers Conversion Text : Acts 8: 26-40

The Ethiopian Treasurers Conversion Text : Acts 8: 26-40 Sermon : The Ethiopian Treasurer s Conversion Page 1 INTRODUCTION : The Ethiopian Treasurers Conversion Text : Acts 8: 26-40 A. The Acts records the transition to the new way God deals with mankind. 1.

More information

The significance of Baptism

The significance of Baptism The significance of Baptism Pastor Tim Melton As we look back through ancient history we find many religions that had different ceremonies for cleansing, some even similar to baptism. For some it was a

More information

Deuteronomy Chapter Thirty

Deuteronomy Chapter Thirty Deuteronomy Chapter Thirty V Deuteronomy 29:2 30:20 - Moses Third Speech: Final Exhortation (continues/concludes) Summary of Chapter Thirty In this chapter is a plain intimation of the mercy God has in

More information