1 LENT AND EASTER GUIDELINES The Lent and Easter regulations are provided here for use during Lent and the Easter Triduum. ASH WEDNESDAY BLESSING AND DISTRIBUTION OF ASHES The blessing and imposition of ashes takes place only on Ash Wednesday, ordinarily during the celebration of the Eucharist. The Roman Missal contains the Rite for the Blessing of Ashes within Mass. The Order for the Blessing and Distribution of Ashes outside of Mass is found in the Book of Blessings. If the Eucharist is not celebrated, the blessing and distribution is to take place within the celebration of the Liturgy of the Word. The minister for the blessing of ashes within the Mass is a bishop or priest. The minister for the blessing of ashes during a Liturgy of the Word is a bishop, priest or deacon. Other persons may be associated with the bishop or priest or deacon in the imposition of ashes: e.g. extraordinary ministers of Holy Communion, and other lay persons, when there is a true pastoral need. These persons do not, however, bless the ashes. Extraordinary ministers of Holy Communion may bring blessed ashes to the sick and those confined to their home. If a minister is not available, a member of the family or another person may bring blessed ashes to a shut-in, using one of the formulas in the Roman Missal to impose the ashes. LENT AND EASTER GUIDELINES THE LENTEN SEASON A distinction is to be made between Lent and the Easter Triduum. Strictly speaking, Lent ends with the beginning of the Triduum on Holy Thursday. The Ordo notes: Lent runs from Ash Wednesday until the Mass of the Lord s Supper exclusive on Holy Thursday. FASTING AND ABSTINENCE Fasting is to be observed on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday by all Catholics who are 18 years of age but not yet 59. Those who are bound to fast may take only one full meal. Two smaller meals are permitted if necessary to maintain strength according to each one s needs, but eating solid foods between meals is not permitted. Abstinence from meat is to be observed by all Catholics 14 years or older on Ash Wednesday, Good Friday and on all Fridays of Lent. The determination of certain days as obligatory days of penance should not be understood as limiting the occasions for Christian penance.
2 MAINTAINING THE SPIRIT OF THE SEASON OF LENT The Spirit of the season of Lent should be maintained throughout the weeks of Lent. The obligation to observe penitential days of the Church is a very important part of our spiritual life. Individual circumstances must be taken into account, but in general, people should seek to do more rather than less, since fast and abstinence on the days prescribed should be considered a minimal response to the Lord s call to penance and conversion of life. DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME Pastors are reminded that daylight savings time this year will begin at 2:00 a.m. on Sunday, March 11, which is the Fourth Sunday of Lent. SOLEMNITY OF THE ANNUNCIATION Please note that March 25, 2018 is Palm Sunday. For that reason, the Solemnity of the Annunciation is transferred to Monday, April 9. EASTER VIGIL TIME FOR THE CELEBRATION OF THE EASTER VIGIL The Roman Missal states: The entire celebration of the Easter Vigil must take place during the night, so that it begins after nightfall and ends before daybreak on the Sunday. No Mass may precede the Easter Vigil. Since the end of civil twilight (nightfall) will occur at 7:43 p.m. Central Daylight Time, the Easter Vigil Liturgy may not begin before 8:00 p.m. Central Daylight Time. Only one Easter Vigil Mass is to be celebrated in each parish. WEDDINGS, BAPTISMS, AND FUNERALS WEDDINGS Weddings are never to be celebrated on Sundays of Lent, during the Easter Triduum, or on Holy Saturday after the Vigil. BAPTISMS The Roman Missal states that baptism is one of the four parts of the Easter Vigil, celebrated as day approaches, with new members reborn in Baptism. The RCIA is geared and planned for the reception of the sacraments of initiation at the Vigil. The Rite of Baptism of Children states: To bring out the Paschal character of baptism, it is recommended that the sacrament be celebrated during the Easter Vigil or on Sunday when the Church commemorates the Lord s resurrection. While Baptisms during Lent are discouraged in normative circumstances, it nonetheless remains the prerogative of the pastor after consultation with the parents to decide on celebrating a baptism during Lent.
3 FUNERALS Funerals may be celebrated on Holy Thursday, Good Friday, and Holy Saturday, but not within the context of Mass. The Eucharist may not be distributed at a funeral on these days. THE RITE OF PENANCE (CONFESSION) FROM THE RITE OF PENANCE The season of Lent is most appropriate for celebrating the sacrament of penance. Already on Ash Wednesday the people of God has heard the solemn invitation Repent and believe in the Gospel. It is therefore fitting to have several penitential celebrations during Lent, so that all the faithful may have an opportunity to be reconciled with God and their neighbor and so be able to celebrate the paschal mystery in the Easter Triduum with renewed hearts (13). The Rite of Penance ritual book contains two sample Lenten penitential services. ARCHDIOCESAN NIGHTS FOR CONFESSION Three Wednesdays in Lent (March 7, March 14, and March 21, 2018) have been designated as the Archdiocesan Nights for Confession. On these dates, the Sacrament of Penance is to be available in all churches from 5:00 p.m - 6:30 p.m. ART AND ENVIRONMENT Moderation should be observed in the decoration of the altar. ( ) During Lent it is forbidden for the altar to be decorated with flowers. Exceptions, however, are Laetare Sunday (Fourth Sunday of Lent), Solemnities and Feasts (GIRM 305). Because the celebration of Marriage could be compared to the celebration of a Feast, flowers are permitted. The festive character of the celebration of Marriage should be suitably expressed even in the manner of decorating the church (OCM, 31). If a Marriage is celebrated on a day having a penitential character, especially during Lent, the pastor is to counsel the spouses to take into account the special nature of that day (OCM, 32). LITURGICAL MUSIC FROM SING TO THE LORD: In Lent the playing of the organ and musical instruments is allowed only to support the singing. Exceptions are Laetare Sunday (the Fourth Sunday of Lent), Solemnities, and Feasts (GIRM 313). Likewise, because the celebration of Marriage could be compared to a Feast, instrumental music is allowed. During the season of Lent, alternate acclamations [to the Alleluia] with their proper verse are used, as found in the Lectionary for Mass (or, when there is only one reading before the Gospel, the Psalm alone may be used). The Gospel Acclamation may be omitted when it is not sung (163).
4 LITURGICAL GUIDELINES FOR THE SACRED TRIDUUM HOLY THURSDAY Lent ends with the beginning of the Mass of the Lord's Supper, which is the principal liturgy of the day. The tabernacle is to be empty with the door open before the liturgy begins. Communion under both kinds is highly recommended. Care is to be taken to ensure that enough bread is consecrated at this Mass for the Liturgy of Good Friday as well (Paschale Solemnitatis, 47). On Holy Thursday the only Mass permitted is the Evening Mass of the Lord's Supper. There is to be only one Mass of the Lord s Supper in each parish unless special permission has been granted by the archbishop (RM, Holy Thursday 3). HOLY WATER Holy water should be removed from the fonts on Holy Thursday immediately before the Mass of the Lord s Supper. The fonts are to remain empty until after the Easter Vigil Mass (Ordo). It is not appropriate for the fonts to be filled with sand or other materials. PRESENTATION OF THE HOLY OILS IN THE PARISH It is appropriate that the oils blessed and consecrated at the Chrism Mass be carried in as part of the entrance procession and presented before the beginning of the Mass of the Lord s Supper or on another day after the Chrism Mass (RM, Chrism Mass 15). The proper rubrics and prayers for the presentation of the oils are attached in a subsequent section. The oils from the previous year are to be disposed of by burning (BB, 1127). They may be burned in the Easter fire or in another lamp. If the oils cannot be burned, they may be buried in a place unlikely to be disturbed. WASHING OF THE FEET The washing of the feet (mandatum) should be characterized by simplicity and reverence. Care should be taken that this optional rite does not take on an exaggerated importance. It also should be celebrated in an authentic manner which allows for people to participate visually (CDWDS Explanatory note on Missa in Cena Domini). The action of foot washing is to be carried out by the priest. Any number of participants may be invited. It is for Pastors to choose a small group of persons who are representative of the entire people of God lay, ordained ministers, married, single, religious, healthy, sick, children, young people and the elderly and not just one category or condition (CDWDS Explanatory note on Missa in Cena Domini). It is inappropriate to wash the feet of the entire congregation. This does not carry out the meaning of the ritual.
5 Furthermore, other rites or statements of commitment are not appropriate for Holy Thursday. Please note that variations to this rite are not permitted, i.e. the washing of hands. TRANSFER OF THE MOST BLESSED SACRAMENT Following the prayer after Communion, the priest puts the humeral veil on over the chasuble and the Blessed Sacrament is transferred to the place of reposition. The procession to the place of reposition should take a direct route and should not take on the character of a Corpus Christi procession, e.g. the rubrics do not call for the use of a canopy (RM, Holy Thursday, 38). There should be specially prepared tabernacle in a place apart from the main tabernacle. Parishes with an existing Eucharistic chapel outside of the body of the main church may repose the Blessed Sacrament in the tabernacle there. The place of reposition should be simply decorated (Paschale Solemnitatis, 49). The Blessed Sacrament is to be reserved in a closed tabernacle. Under no circumstances is the Blessed Sacrament to be exposed in a monstrance (Paschale Solemnitatis, 55). The faithful should be encouraged to spend some time in adoration throughout the remainder of the evening. If appropriate, the Gospel of John, chapters 13-17, may be read aloud at various times during this period of adoration. If adoration is to continue after midnight, it is to be in silence (Paschale Solemnitatis, 55, 56). The Mass of the Lord s Supper ends in silence after the Blessed Sacrament has been reposed. There is no blessing or dismissal because the liturgy continues tomorrow with the Celebration of the Lord s Passion. The altar and sanctuary are to be bare following the Liturgy. Under no circumstances is it permitted to reserve the Precious Blood for adoration on Holy Thursday and for distribution on Good Friday (Norms for the Distribution of Holy Communion, 54). GOOD FRIDAY The celebration of the Lord's Passion, the principal celebration of this day, should take place about 3 p.m. unless a later time is chosen for pastoral need. The celebration of the Lord s Passion may not be celebrated after 9 p.m. (Paschale Solemnitatis, 63). There should be only one celebration of the Lord s Passion unless special permission has been received from the archbishop. PRESIDER The celebrant of this liturgy is a priest. Deacons assist, but may not preside at the celebration of the Lord s Passion. As a sign of humility, grief and sorrow for the church, the priest and the deacon prostrate before the altar at the beginning of the liturgy. All others kneel (RM, Good Friday 5).
6 INTERCESSIONS The intercessions are to follow the wording and form handed down by ancient tradition, maintaining the full range of intentions (Paschale Solemnitatis, 67). ADORATION OF THE CROSS During the adoration of the cross, only one cross or crucifix should be used (RM, Good Friday, 19). If there is a pastoral need because of the crowd, additional crosses may be used. Nonetheless, there is to be a main cross to be venerated. HOLY COMMUNION Before the liturgy begins, the Blessed Sacrament is to be in the Holy Thursday place of repose. Following Holy Communion, what remains of the Blessed Sacrament should ideally be consumed except for what is needed for Viaticum. These are to be reserved in a secure place outside the church (RM, 22, 29). SILENCE The celebration of the Lord s Passion is characterized by somberness and quiet. The liturgy begins in silence and any necessary announcements are to be spoken before the entrance of the priest and the ministers (Paschale Solemnitatis, 65). There is to be no processional or gathering song. The liturgy also ends in silence with no recessional song. However, the sung participation of the assembly, at the appropriate times indicated in the Roman Missal, is integral to the liturgy. CHARACTER OF GOOD FRIDAY On Good Friday, we reflect on the Lord s suffering and death, the awesome extent of Christ s love, and consider our own willingness to sacrifice for others. We reflect on the humble obedience of Christ, and we seek the guidance and strength of the Spirit which helps us to be obedient to God s call in our lives. It is, above all other days, a day of quiet and contemplation. That contemplation is nurtured and guided by the Liturgy of the Lord s Passion. The willingness to sacrifice is reflected in obedience to the call to the Paschal fast and its law of fast and abstinence in a spirit of penitence. Likewise, parishes and schools should be mindful of the solemnity of this day when scheduling events and celebrations. All members of the Catholic family of the Archdiocese of New Orleans are urged to give genuine witness to the true spirit of Good Friday by prioritizing participation in the Liturgy of the Lord s Passion and in dedicating time to personal and private prayer. It is not an appropriate day to have seafood dinners, etc. STATIONS OF THE CROSS It is appropriate to celebrate the Stations of the Cross, however, the Liturgy of the Lord s Passion is to be the main focus of the day.
7 HOLY SATURDAY At the beginning of the Easter Vigil, the tabernacle is to be empty with the door open and the lights are to be turned off in the church. The faithful should be invited to gather at the place where the Easter fire will be blessed. TIME FOR THE CELEBRATION OF THE EASTER VIGIL The Roman Missal states: The entire celebration of the Easter Vigil must take place during the night, so that it begins after nightfall and ends before daybreak on the Sunday. No Mass may precede the Easter Vigil. Only one Easter Vigil Mass is to be celebrated in each parish (RM, Easter Vigil 3). The earliest time that the Easter Vigil may begin is 8 p.m. THE PASCHAL CANDLE The paschal candle is to be made of wax, never artificial, and renewed each year. Refillable oil candles and candle shells containing wax inserts and other similar products are not consistent with the symbolic role of the paschal candle which is consumed as the year progresses (Paschale Solemnitatis, 82). Paschal candles from previous years are not to be used. These may be returned to the candle manufacturer for recycling. For more information, contact the candle retailer or the Office of Worship. LIGHTS As a sign that Christ is truly our light, all lights in the church are to be turned on at the third singing of The Light of Christ (RM, Easter Vigil 17). However the candles in the church are not to be lit until the singing of the Glory to God (RM, Easter Vigil, 31). READINGS The Easter Vigil contains a full complement of readings, however three Old Testament readings are required, plus the Epistle and the Gospel. Exodus 14 and its canticle must never be omitted (RM, Easter Vigil 21). The prayers which follow each psalm and canticle help to put the reading in its context and are to be maintained. In addition, the priest or deacon may choose to give an additional introduction to each reading (Paschale Solemnitatis, 86). RITE OF CHRISTIAN INITIATION OF ADULTS It is preferable that those already baptized in another Christian faith be received into the Church at a Sunday Mass rather than at the Easter Vigil. If, for pastoral reasons, they are to be received into the Church at the Easter Vigil, a clear distinction should be maintained between the Elect and those being received into full Communion (National Statutes for RCIA, 32-34).
8 WEDDINGS, BAPTISMS, AND FUNERALS (TRIDUUM) WEDDINGS Weddings may not be celebrated during the Easter Triduum, including on Holy Saturday after the Vigil and Easter Sunday (RM). BAPTISMS The Roman Missal states that baptism is one of the four parts of the Easter Vigil, celebrated as day approaches, with new members reborn in Baptism (Easter Vigil 2). The RCIA is geared and planned for the reception of the sacraments of initiation at the Vigil. The Rite of Baptism of Children states: To bring out the Paschal character of baptism, it is recommended that the sacrament be celebrated during the Easter Vigil or on Sunday when the Church commemorates the Lord s resurrection (9). Baptisms may not be celebrated on Holy Thursday, Good Friday or Holy Saturday before the Easter Vigil (RM). FUNERALS Funerals may be celebrated on Holy Thursday, Good Friday, and Holy Saturday, but not within the context of Mass. The Eucharist may not be distributed at a funeral on these days. On Good Friday, funerals are to be celebrated without singing, music or bells (Paschale Solemnitatis, 61). MUSIC From the Glory to God on Holy Thursday until the Glory to God at the Easter Vigil, the organ and other musical instruments may be used only to support the singing (RM, Holy Thursday 3). There is also to be no entrance/gathering song or closing song on Good Friday. There is also to be no entrance/gathering song at the Easter Vigil. COMMUNION, PENANCE, AND ANOINTING OF THE SICK COMMUNION TO THE SICK Holy Communion may be brought to the sick at any time on Holy Thursday, but especially following the Mass of the Lord s Supper. Holy Communion may be brought to the sick at any time on Good Friday. On Holy Saturday, Holy Communion may only be given as Viaticum to the dying until after the celebration of the Easter Vigil (RM). PENANCE (CONFESSION) The Sacrament of Penance may be celebrated throughout the Triduum and priests are encouraged to do so (RM). ANOINTING OF THE SICK Anointing of the Sick may be celebrated throughout the Triduum (RM).
9 TEXT FOR THE RECEPTION OF THE HOLY OILS IN THE PARISH The Presenter of the Oil of the Sick announces: The Oil of the Sick. The Priest says: May the sick who are anointed with this oil experience the compassion of Christ and his saving love, in body and soul. The people may respond: Blessed be God for ever. The Presenter of the Oil of Catechumens announces: The Oil of Catechumens. The Priest says: Through anointing with this oil, may our catechumens who are preparing to receive the saving waters of Baptism be strengthened by Christ to resist the power of Satan and reject evil in all its forms. The people may respond: Blessed be God for ever. The Presenter of the Holy Chrism announces: The holy Chrism. The Priest says: Through anointing with this perfumed Chrism may children and adults, who are baptized and confirmed, and Priests, who are ordained, experience the gracious gift of the Holy Spirit. The people may respond: Blessed be God for ever. THE RECEPTION OF THE HOLY OILS, 1994, UNITED STATES CONFERENCE OF CATHOLIC BISHOPS
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Maundy Thursday Eucharist of the Lord s Supper with the Maundy or Washing of Feet Liturgy for Maundy Thursday Notes Maundy Thursday marks the beginning of the Triduum, the three-day observance of the death
DIOCESE OF ORANGE Musical Guidelines THE INTRODUCTORY RITES The Entrance or Opening Song The liturgy begins with a song, which has a four-fold purpose: to open the celebration; foster the unity of those
The Rite of Acceptance into the Order of Catechumens and The Rite of Welcoming Baptized but previously Uncatechized Adults who are Preparing for Confirmation and/or Eucharist or Reception into the Full
CORRELATION of 2014 School Edition to the Archdiocese of Seattle Religion Curriculum Guidelines Grades 1 6 Table of Contents Correlation of Alive in Christ School Edition...1 Grade 1...2 Grade 2...20 Grade
Sample Formation Session Extraordinary Ministers of Holy Communion to the Sick & Homebound Recommended Resource: A Ritual for Laypersons, published by The Liturgical Press Handbook for Ministers of Care,
Explanatory Notes The following is the text for the celebration of The Easter Vigil in the Holy Night with both Elect & Candidates (unbaptized and baptized). The order of service varies slightly if the
Questions for Reflection and Discussion about Liturgy Preamble The Office of Worship is providing these Questions for Reflection and Discussion at the recommendation of the Archdiocesan Worship Commission.
Extraordinary Ministers Of Holy Communion Guidelines of the Diocese of Fargo Revised 2015 Table of Contents Liturgical Law for Extraordinary Ministers of Holy Communion Particular Norms for Holy Communion
Liturgical Policies Diocese of Marquette Office of Divine Worship, Deacon Tom Foye, firstname.lastname@example.org 02/02/2016 Table of Contents DECREE... 1 I. REGARDING CELEBRATION OF FUNERALS ON SUNDAY...
NORMS FOR MARRIAGE DIOCESE OF ORLANDO For God Himself is the author of marriage and has endowed it with various benefits and purposes. Christ the Lord abundantly blesses this many-faceted love, welling
Liturgical Colors Green: Used on Sundays and Weekdays in Ordinary Time Red: Used on commemorations of our Lord's passion (Passion Sunday, Good Friday), the apostles, evangelists, and martyrs for the faith-,
Page 1 Questions and Answers for Catholic Funerals 1. Can those who have died as a result of suicide be buried from the Church? Yes. Previous laws forbidding such have been changed. The Order of Christian
WEEKDAY COMMUNION SERVICES IN THE PARISH When a priest is unavailable to celebrate Mass at the parish on weekdays, a communion service may be held. In these circumstances, it appears that services of various
Office of Liturgy & Music St. John Holy Angels Parish 82 Possum Park Road Newark, DE 19711 M E M O R A N D U M TO: Cantors, Choir, Guitar Group, and Organists FROM: Stephen Adams, Director of Liturgy &
1 Jesus Offers Us His Saving Grace God promises to send us a Savior. Identify ways to grow closer to God. Understand that grace is a gift from God. Explain the impact of Original Sin. Identify Mary s role
February 22, 2015 At its root, Lent is a name for Spring, and is a 40-day period of preparation for Easter Sunday and one of the major liturgical seasons of the Catholic Church. A penitential season marked