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3 ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS This resource is part of Ancient Civilizations Complete Curriculum Contains: INTERACTIVE POWERPOINT SERIES INTERACTIVE NOTEBOOK SERIES Ancient Civ STEM Projects Ancient Civ Assessments Ancient Civ Google Projects
4 Social Studies Interactive Notebook Unit on Ancient Mesopotamia
5 How To Use Directions for the Teacher: Have your students use the following pages to create their very own Social Studies interactive notebook! Each page will have different shape cutouts. Have students read the instructions on each page and use the dotted lines to help them know which pieces to cut and place in their notebook. It s that easy! Page 6 is the cover of the Unit. Towards the end of the resource, you will find the answer key pages. Feel free to use them as a guide with your students. Enjoy!
6 able of Contents Social Studies Notebook Cover....7 Power Words.. 8 Influential Individuals 9 Events Timeline...10 My Map of Mesopotamia.. 11 Sumerian City-States. 12 Ziggurats & Sumerian Inventions..13 Sumerian Hierarchy..14 Hammurabi s Code 15 Hammurabi Interpretations Cuneiform...18 The Epic of Gilgamesh...19 Answer Key Version Cover..20 Power Words Answers.21 Events Timeline Answers 22 My Map of Mesopotamia Answers.23 Ziggurats Answers...24 Sumerian Hierarchy Answers Hammurabi s Code Answers 26 Cuneiform Answers 27 Epic of Gilgamesh Answers.28 Thank You Pages
7 My Social Studies Interactive Notebook ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA NAME:
8 POWER WORDS! Directions: These are words you ll be reading and defining throughout this unit. Come back to this page when you discover the definition and write it below! Cut out each flap and glue at the top. Write the definition underneath the flap! fertile crescent city-states theocracy ziggurat empire Code of Hammurabi cuneiform polytheistic patriarchal nomad
9 Influential Individuals Directions: These are the individuals you ll be reading about throughout this unit. Cut out these flaps and glue them down on the left side. Write how each was influential underneath the flap. Hammurabi Dates he ruled: Gilgamesh Dates:
10 Events Timeline (Continue to fill in throughout creating your notebook) Mesopotamia the land between the two rivers. was in the Fertile Crescent What does fertile mean? What is a nomad? How did Mesopotamia change the nomadic way of life?
11 What do humans need to sustain life? How did the people survive in Mesopotamia? Mesopotamia was between the two rivers, Tigris & Euphrates. N Directions: D r a w a n d l a b e l W S E M e s o p o t a m i a i n b e t w e e n t h e t w o r i v e r s. Ti g r i s i s N o r t h E a s t o f M e s o p o t a m i a a n d E u p h r a t e s i s S o u t h We s t o f M e s o p o t a m i a.
12 The Sumerian people formed city-states that were the basic units of Sumerian civilization. What do you think life was like in the city-states? After reading a description in your textbook of the Sumerian citiesstates, draw a picture and write about the materials used to create the cities. The Sumerian City-States
13 Directions: Write the name of the building below. Inside the flap, write down the purpose of these temples!. The most prominent buildings in the cities were called. What supplies did the Sumerians have? What was the Sumerian economy like? The Invention of the Wheel! How did that change society?
14 Sumerian Hierarchy Directions: Write down the roles and jobs of the social groups. How much of the population was in each group? Nobles Commoners / Craftsmen Farmers / Slaves
15 The CODE of Hammurabi The Code of Hammurabi was a collection of laws. Describe his codes: What did the codes say about Hammurabi as a leader? How did they affect Sumerian society? If you were able to create a code or law, what would yours look like? How would your laws be different?
16 Hammurabi s Code Your Interpretation 1. If any one ensnare another, putting a ban upon him, but he can not prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death. 2. If any one bring an accusation against a man, and the accused go to the river and leap into the river, if he sink in the river his accuser shall take possession of his house. But if the river prove that the accused is not guilty, and he escape unhurt, then he who had brought the accusation shall be put to death, while he who leaped into the river shall take possession of the house that had belonged to his accuser. 3. If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death. 4. If he satisfy the elders to impose a fine of grain or money, he shall receive the fine that the action produces. 5. If a judge try a case, reach a decision, and present his judgment in writing; if later error shall appear in his decision, and it be through his own fault, then he shall pay twelve times the fine set by him in the case, and he shall be publicly removed from the judge's bench, and never again shall he sit there to render judgement.
17 Hammurabi s Code Your Interpretation 6. If any one steal the property of a temple or of the court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death. 7. If any one buy from the son or the slave of another man, without witnesses or a contract, silver or gold, a male or female slave, an ox or a sheep, a donkey or anything, or if he take it in charge, he is considered a thief and shall be put to death. 8. If any one steal cattle or sheep, or a donkey, or a pig or a goat, if it belong to a god or to the court, the thief shall pay thirtyfold therefor; if they belonged to a freed man of the king he shall pay tenfold; if the thief has nothing with which to pay he shall be put to death. 9. If any one lose an article, and find it in the possession of another: if the person in whose possession the thing is found say "A merchant sold it to me, I paid for it before witnesses," and if the owner of the thing say, "I will bring witnesses who know my property," then shall the purchaser bring the merchant who sold it to him, and the witnesses before whom he bought it, and the owner shall bring witnesses who can identify his property. The judge shall examine their testimony -- both of the witnesses before whom the price was paid, and of the witnesses who identify the lost article on oath. The merchant is then proved to be a thief and shall be put to death. The owner of the lost article receives his property, and he who bought it receives the money he paid from the estate of the merchant. 10. If the purchaser does not bring the merchant and the witnesses before whom he bought the article, but its owner bring witnesses who identify it, then the buyer is the thief and shall be put to death, and the owner receives the lost article.
18 Cuneiform Year it was created What tools/materials were needed to write? Why is cuneiform important?
19 The Epic of Gilgamesh (Approx. 2100BC) The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from Mesopotamian time. It describes the life of a legendary king named G i l g a m e s h. In the stories, he is described as part god and part human. He is strong, wise, and perfect. He has a close friend named E n k i d u that is described as a hairy beast. They accomplish heroic deeds together. These stories were written on tablets and then combined to create an epic poem. Draw a heroic deed Gilgamesh accomplished with his close friend Enkidu: Was he real? What do you think? Why or Why Not?
20 ANSWER KEY VERSION Social Studies Interactive Notebook Unit on Ancient Mesopotamia
21 ANSWER KEY POWER WORDS! Directions: These are words you ll be reading and defining throughout this unit. Come back to this page when you discover the definition and write it again below! Glue at the top and write the definition underneath the flap! fertile crescent an area of fertile land in the Middle East, located around the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. This is were ancient civilizations flourished. ziggurat A temple where Sumerians believed gods and goddesses ruled the city. They served as shrines and Sumerians devoted much of their wealth to these temples. cuneiform wedge-shaped writing on clay tablets - writing system of Sumerians. city-states the basic units of Sumerian civilization empire a group of states (or city-states) under a single authority. polytheistic worshiping multiple gods or deities. nomad A wanderer, someone who travels place to place without a permanent residence. theocracy a government where priests rule in the name of a god or gods. Code of Hammurabi A strict and harsh set of laws in ancient Mesopotamia, created by the Babylonian king Hammurabi. patriarchal A society controlled by men, or a society that favors men. Women have very few privileges or rights.
22 ANSWER KEY Influential Individuals Directions: These are the individuals you ll be reading about throughout this unit. Cut out these flaps and glue them down on the left side. Write how they were influential underneath the flap. Dates he ruled: Hammurabi King Hammurabi (1810 BC BC) King Hammurabi was most well known for his Code of Hammurabi, one of the first recorded laws in all of history. The codes he created were strict and harsh. He was the sixth king of the First Babylonian Dynasty. Even though he was a harsh leader, he had united all of Mesopotamia under his rule. Dates: Gilgamesh Gilgamesh (Approx 2100 BC) Gilgamesh was a character featured in an epic poem during Mesopotamian time. The stories were greatly exaggerated, he was described as part god part human. He accomplished deeds with his friend Enkidu. According to scholars, Gilgamesh was most likely a real person even though the stories were fabricated.
23 ANSWER KEY Events Timeline (Possible answers for timeline Feel free to implement answers from the textbooks your classroom uses) Tigris & Euphrates river City-states B.C. Hammurabi s Law First Written Law code discovered around 4500BC Cuneiform 3000 B.C. Sumerians arrive 3500 B.C. Hammurabi Rule B.C. Akkadians first Empire 2500BC Nebuchadnezzar New Babylonian 605BC (Continue to fill in while creating your notebook) Mesopotamia the land between the two rivers was in the Fertile Crescent What does fertile mean? The ability to produce or capable of producing abundant vegetation and crops. What is a nomad? Someone who travels place to place in search of fresh pasture. A person who does not stay in the same place for a long time. A wanderer. How did Mesopotamia change the nomadic way of life? Because of its rich soil and fertile land, wanderers decided to change their way of life and stay at the location. That is how a society was formed.
24 ANSWER KEY What do humans need to sustain life? How did the people survive in Mesopotamia? Humans need food and water in order to survive. Mesopotamia was known as The land between two rivers. This land had rich soil and many crops. It was able to sustain life and civilization. Mesopotamia was between the two rivers, Tigris & Euphrates. N Directions: D r a w a n d l a b e l W S E M e s o p o t a m i a i n b e t w e e n t h e t w o r i v e r s. Ti g r i s i s N o r t h E a s t o f M e s o p o t a m i a a n d E u p h r a t e s i s S o u t h We s t o f M e s o p o t a m i a. Have students draw the fertile crescent from their textbooks. Label and color!
25 ANSWER KEY Directions: Write the name of the building below. Inside the flap, write down the purpose of these temples. The most prominent buildings in the cities were called a ziggurat. Ziggurat (inside the flap) The Sumerians believed that the gods and goddesses were in charge of the cities. Sumerians worshiped them and devote their wealth to the Ziggurat temples. The buildings were at the center of the city-states What supplies did the Sumerians have? stone, wood, mud, clay, reeds, rivers, soil, crops What was the Sumerian economy like? Economy was based on farming. Trade and industry became important later. The Invention of the Wheel! How did that change society? At first was not a perfect invention. Used for irrigation, milling, pottery making. Now used for almost all forms of transportation and machinery. One of the greatest achievements of man-kind.
26 ANSWER KEY Sumerian Hierarchy Directions: Write down the roles and jobs of the social groups. How much of the population was in each group? Nobles Priests, Officials, and Royals. Very small group in the total population. Commoners / Craftsmen Workers for the nobles and palaces. Held jobs involving farming, fishing, and crafting Farmers / Slaves 90% of the population were farmers. Slaves mostly worked on Palace building projects and were owned by the palace.
27 ANSWER KEY The CODE of Hammurabi The Code of Hammurabi was a collection of 282 laws. Describe his codes: What did the codes say about Hammurabi as a leader? How did they affect Sumerian society? If you were able to create a code or law, what would yours look like? (descriptive words like strict, severe, an eye for an eye ) He was an unjust and cruel leader. Sumerians lived in fear. Punishments were distinguishable between different classes, individuals were not treated equally.
28 ANSWER KEY Year it was created approx B.C. Cuneiform What tools/materials were needed to write? clay tablets a sharpened reed to use as a stylus. They bake the clay in the sun and the tablets would last a very long time. Why is cuneiform important? It is the first known recorded language. It led to other forms of writing.
29 ANSWER KEY The Epic of Gilgamesh (Approx. 2100BC) The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from Mesopotamian time. It describes the life of a legendary king named Gilgamesh. In the stories, he is described as part god and part human. He is strong, wise, and perfect. He has a close friend named Enkidu that is described as a hairy beast. They accomplish heroic deeds together. These stories were written on tablets and then combined to create an epic poem. Draw a heroic deed Gilgamesh accomplished with his close friend Enkidu: Directions: Read a small part of the epic with students and have them draw one of Gilgamesh s adventures. Was he real? What do you think? Why or Why Not? According to scholars, he probably was real. The legends that are in the Epic of Gilgamesh are greatly exaggerated and fictional but a man named Gilgamesh may have existed.
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