1 BELL- RINGER GRAB A BOOK & FINISH GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS (DUE TODAY)
2 8/9 GROUP WORK 1. What similarities exist between these civilizations? 2. What impacts do these civilizations have on our own culture? ----THIS IS A NOTBOOK ENTRY----
3 Geography Religion Technology Laws and Codes Writing and education Cultural practices Significant leaders All River Valley Civilizations: (Egypt, Mesopotamia, India & China) by rivers, flood/drought problems, long-distance trade, transportation, agriculture Polytheistic, temple in center, place in government and seen as essential, gods: control nature irrigation, mathematic system, architecture laws in some format, tell us about beliefs and values of the society only elite class/$$$, writing in symbols social class system, cultural diffusion- process new idea/product spreads from one culture to another rulers, men, connection to god
4 8/10 BELL RINGER What do you know about Mesopotamia?
5 CIVILIZATION IN MESOPOTAMIA
6 TEST QUESTION #2 Describe the development of Mesopotamia. What were the characteristics (religious, cultural, economic, and political) of the world s first civilization?
7 GEOGRAPHY Known as the cradle of civilization considered the beginning of ancient times lies between Tigris and Euphrates rivers Greek for land between two rivers farmers built irrigation systems that transformed the landscape Settlements in Southern Mesopotamia turned into busy cities: area called Sumer became the worlds first urban civilization
8 1. WHAT ATTRACTED THEM HERE?/ ADVANTAGES? 2. WHAT WERE SOME DISADVANTAGES TO SETTLING HERE?
9 ADVANTAGES= SOIL & TRADE DISADVANTAGES = 1. FLOOD/DROUGHT UNPREDICTABILITY 2. NO NATURAL BARRIERS FOR PROTECTION: DEFENSELESS 3. NATURAL RESOURCES OF SUMER WERE LIMITED,
10 HOW DEALT WITH THESE PROBLEMS?
11 HOW DEALT WITH THESE PROBLEMS? 1. flood/drought unpredictability 2. no natural barriers for protection: defenseless 3. natural resources of sumer were limited, other necessary materials were scare
12 HOW DEALT WITH THESE PROBLEMS? HINT: ECONOMY = TRADE 1. irrigation systems 2. builds walls 3. trade with neighbors
13 BCE SUMERIAN CIVILIZATION Each city has a god(des), priest/king Proper worship assures prosperity Chief temple (ziggurat) = center of city People live in fear of gods
14 priests clothed and fed the god statues daily RELIGION Early religions worshiped many gods, a practice called = Polytheism human- like gods priest = originally the most powerful people of society warrior kings would take control Sumerians believed their gods lived in statues housed in temples including large pyramid like structures called Ziggurats
15 ZIGGURATS Mesopotamian temples largest building in the city home for gods place of worship and city hall
16 SUMERIANS established the first city-states- a state that has its own government and consists of a city and the area around it developed earliest form of writing called Cuneiform Scribes (record-keepers) carved symbols into wet clay tablets that were later dried Credited with writing the world s oldest story: the Epic of Gilgamesh
17 CUNEIFORM Latin wedge shaped Pictograms- words represented by symbols What purposes does writing serve? Why is Writing necessary and useful?
18 professional writers SCRIBES high social status rigorous education employee s: temples & palaces Recording: financial transactions legal documents literature
19 EMPIRES IN ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA Alternations of power in lower Mesopotamia BCE Akkadians, Babylonians, Sumerians contend for dominance Hammurabi of Babylon ( BCE) conquers all of Sumer and Akkad extends control north to Assyria
20 PROBLEMS Fertile valley of Mesopotamia had no natural barriers for protection = its wealth attracted many raiders and conquerors for centuries civilizations came and went amid much warfare one of most powerful civilizations to emerge in Mesopotamia = Babylon ( BCE)
21 BABYLON Hammurabi was an early king of Babylon created an empire by bringing much of Mesopotamia under his control Empire- a collection of states (countries) controlled by one government Hammurabi helped unite Babylonian empire by publishing a set of laws known as the Code of Hammurabi
22 WHY DO WE NEED LAWS? 8/10 CLOSE
23 8/11 BELL- RINGER HAMMURABI READING WRITE ANSWERS IN YOUR NOTEBOOK
24 HAMMURABI S LAW CODE BCE earliest written legal code for a government common rules to unite a disparate realm public rules; no secret or divine rules
25 CODE OF HAMMURABI 1772 BCE KEY: History s first known written laws 300 laws of the code carved on stone pillars for all to see meant that no one was above the law Goals: stable government & good rule so that the strong may not oppress the weak
26 COMPARE AND CONTRAST: CODE OF HAMMURABI VS DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
27 PREAMBLE The stated purposes of Hammurabi s Code were, to bring about the rule of righteousness in the land, to destroy the wicked and the evil-doers; so that the strong should not harm the weak; so that I should rule and enlighten the land, to further the well-being of mankind to give the protection of right to the land, I did right and righteousness in..., and brought about the well-being of the oppressed.
28 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE PREAMBLE a more perfect union establish justice insure domestic tranquility provide for the common defense promote the general welfare secure the blessings of liberty
29 REPUTATION harsh punishments for perjury were intended to safeguard people s representation from false accusers family law Hammurabi s code gave fathers unlimited control over their families patriarchal society 195 if son strikes his father, his hand shall be hewn off. double standard: women were not equal under the law
30 PROPERTY & COMMERCE Hammurabi s Code protects property rights but also contains extensive economic regulation by the government liability you are responsible for what happens to your property for the quality of your work
31 AN EYE FOR AN EYE?
32 DEPENDS ON WHOSE EYE
33 SOCIAL HIERARCHY someone s social class would often determine the severity of the punishment kings nobles commoners slaves
35 If a physician kills a patient or cuts out a patient's eye when trying to remove a tumor, the physicians' hands will be cut off.
36 The wife and child of a man are his property. To pay his debts, he may sell him into slavery for up to three years.
37 If a man is robbed and the robber is not caught, the local government will compensate the victim.
38 If a man accuses another of murder and can t prove it the accuser will be put to death.
39 If a commoner strikes a nobleman, the commoner will be whipped in public.
40 If a commoner strikes another commoner, he shall pay a fine equal to about 30 ounces in silver coins.
41 If a man strike a free-born woman so that she lose her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels for her loss.
42 If a man strike a free-born woman so that she lose her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels for her loss If the woman die, his daughter shall be put to death.
43 TO SUM IT UP Hammurabi s Code is known for strict penalties most involving death and mutilation gender and class discrimination harsh punishment of perjury reputation was important
44 HAMMURABI S CODE: CIVILIZED OR UNCIVILIZED?
45 8/11 HAMMURABI LAW CODE CLOSE Read the Hammurabi Law Code handout and write down your answers to the following questions in your notebook: 1. Were the laws appropriate for the time period? 2. How were they fair and unfair? 3. Which people were favored by the laws and which were not? 4. Have societies problems changed or stayed the same?
46 WORLD-RENOWN Babylon later became known for its: hanging gardens one of the seven wonders of the ancient world & the decadent life-style of its people A Babylon now means a place of corruption and sin
47 THE RULE OF LAW law codes attempt to establish the RULE OF LAW by: Defining criminal acts punishing violators
48 8/14 BELL- RINGER WHAT DO YOU ALREADY KNOW ABOUT EGYPT?
49 NILE RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATION
50 FOCUS ON DEVELOPMENT CHARACTERISTICS *****ACHIEVEMENTS**** TEST= FRIDAY
51 JOHN GREEN S CRASH COURSE
52 GEOGRAPHY North Africa Nile River/ Egyptian Desert Fertile soil Yearly floods Building resources Natural protection from invasion
53 POLITICS Ruled by dynasties (ruling families) King was called pharaoh, (monarchy) Controlled army & defended Egypt from invasion Owned all the land and made all the laws Eventually created empires by uniting sections of Egypt There were even some women pharaohs (Hatshepsut was the 1 st woman ruler in the world) yay women!!
54 ECONOMY The pharaoh controlled the economy Nearly everyone was involved in agriculture Some were merchants and craftsmen Trade was prominent throughout the kingdom and with other civilizations
55 ECONOMY Farming basis for economy Grew grains, vegetables, dates, flax Domesticated sheep, goats, cows, oxen, and donkeys Evidence shows they traded with other civilizations Merchants artisans
56 RELIGION Polytheistic Believed in a specific afterlife Mummified bodies Believed pharaoh was a god-king
57 Hieroglyphics- carved picture symbols Pyramids- monument for pharaohs eternal place of rest Old, Middle and New Kingdoms: 30 dynasties ruled Egypt
58 SOCIETY Pharaoh was at the center of Egyptian society Social classes Ruling family and nobility (including priests and scribes) Farmers, merchants, artisans, warriors Peasants & Slaves Women had some legal rights, but were still considered less than equal to men
59 INNOVATIONS Number system based on 10, as well as geometry Great astronomers Excellent irrigation systems Mummification Hieroglyphic writing
60 THE ARTS Built huge temples and pyramids Sphinx, obelisks Decorated tombs and temples with drawings and hieroglyphics that recorded history and depicted everyday life, as well as the pharaohs and their families
62 TIMELINE WORK TIME Use your reading Label your timeline correctly 3000 BCE- 0 AD Focus on Events and People Need 13 things on your timeline Don t just list things! EXPLAIN them for full points!!!
63 8/14 CLOSE Compare and contrast the Nile River Valley with Mesopotamia in Circle Graphic Organizer
64 8/15 BELL RINGER PRACTICE ROUND!!! Just like you would on the test, Describe to me the development, characteristics and achievements of the Nile River Valley. Use complete sentences. Show to the teacher when completed for full points.
66 8/15 PLANET EGYPT VIDEO GUIDE 1. List 5 facts about the Pharaoh Ramses III. 2. List 2 facts about the battle Ramses III participated in. 3. List 4 facts about Egyptian s belief in the afterlife. 4. List 5 facts about archeologist s findings regarding Egypt. ******USE OF COMPLETE SENTENCES IS REQUIRED******
MESOPOTAMIA THE FERTILE CRESCENT Fertile Crescent = moon-shaped strip of land from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf that is excellent farmland Located in modern-day Middle East THE FERTILE CRESCENT
Mesopotamia and Sumer Chapter 2 Section 1 The fertile crescent is an area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the modern day middle east. For years this area was Mesopotamia, which in Greek means
Focus Question: What were the characteristics of the world s first civilization? As you read this section in your textbook, complete the concept web below to identify the main ideas about the city-states
Mesopotamia, Egypt, and kush Chapter 3 Chapter 3 Section 1 Geography of the Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia Mesopotamia was part of a larger region called the Fertile Crescent. Hunter-gathers first settled
Describe the geography of each civilization Identify the five characteristics for each civ. Compare and contrast each civ. The 1 st Civilization on Earth Located between and around the Euphrates and Tigris
6th Grade - Chapter 4 Mesopotamia Sumerians & Mesopotamian Empires Lesson 1: The Sumerians The Sumerians made important advances in areas such as farming and writing that laid the foundation for future
Name MODIFIED UNIT TEST FOR STUDENTS WITH EXCEPTIONALITIES Date Mesopotamia and Egypt Test You will have the entirety of one period to complete the following test. It is composed of matching vocabulary,
ANCIENT PERIOD. RIVER CIVILIZATIONS MESOPOTAMIA. (THE LAND BETWEEN RIVERS) Mesopotamia WHEN and WHERE? Between the years 3,000 and 539 BC. The land between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris in the Persian
NAME DATE CLASS Lesson 1 The Sumerians Terms to Know ESSENTIAL QUESTION silt small particles of fertile soil irrigation a way to supply dry land with water through ditches, pipes, or streams surplus an
Name: Lesson Two: Mesopotamian Religion, Society, and Rulers 6.11 Explain the significance of polytheism (the belief that there are many gods) as the religious belief of the people in Mesopotamian civilizations.
Name Unit II: The River Valley Civilizations (3500 B.C.E. 450 B.C.E.) Big Idea: During the New Stone Age, permanent settlements appeared in the river valleys and around the Fertile Crescent. River Valleys
Early Civilizations UNIT 1 Unit 1 - Outline Birth of Civilizations Mesopotamian Civilizations Ancient Egypt Civilizations of Early India Early Chinese Civilization Mediterranean World Birth of Civilizations
Name Mesopotamia and Egypt DBQ Directions The task below is based on documents 1 through 6. This task is designed to test your ability to work with the information provided by various types of documents.
What is Civilization? A large group of people with a defined and well organized culture who share certain things in common: Political- common established government Social- common cultural elements like
CHAPTER 2: WESTERN ASIA & EGYPT 3500-500 B.C. CIVILIZATION BEGINS IN MESOPOTAMIA Chapter 2: Section 1 Civilization in Mesopotamia Begins Main Ideas Mesopotamia, one one of of the the first first civilizations,
Study Guide Chapter 4 Mesopotamia 1) silt: fine particles of fertile soil 2) irrigation: a system that supplies dry land with water through ditches, pipes, or streams Key Vocabulary Terms: 11) tribute:
Lesson 1 The Sumerians ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does geography influence the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. Why did people settle in? 2. What was life like in Sumer? 3. What ideas and inventions did
Welcome to the Ancient Civilizations 70 s Dance Party! Ancient Civilizations 70 s Dance Party! We need 2 Big Groups and 2 small groups (The Movers & the Shakers) within the big group. Form 2 lines that
Chapter 2: First Civilizations- Africa and Asia Section 1: Section 2: Section 3: Section 4: Section 5: Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile Egyptian Civilization City-States of Ancient Sumer Invaders, Traders,
CHAPTER 2 Daily Quiz 2.1 (pp. 20 25) The First Civilizations FILL IN THE BLANK For each of the following statements, fill in the blank with the correct word, phrase, or name. (An example has been completed
Above: Tigris River Above: Irrigation system from the Euphrates River Major Civilizations of Mesopotamia Sumer (3500-2350 B.C.) Assyria (1800-1600 B.C) Babylonia (612-539 B.C.) Other Groups in Mesopotamia
Ancient Mesopotamian civilizations Google Classroom Facebook Twitter Email Overview Mesopotamian civilizations formed on the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is today Iraq and Kuwait. Early
Interactive Social Studies Notebook Ancient Mesopotamia thank you for downloading! Thank you for downloading StudentSavvy s Interactive Social Studies Notebook Ancient Mesopotamia! If you have any questions
Final Exam Study Guide Name Key Vocabulary- Definition Vocabulary Word 1. The part of a map that shows the meaning of the symbols map key 2. A map that shows the landscape features of a place such as mountains,
Mesopotamia Objective: To have students acquire knowledge about Mesopotamian civilizations River Valleys Two important rivers that were important to the daily lives of the Mesopotamian civilizations: The
Early Civilizations Review An area with common physical features is called a. region The study of the ways of past cultures through the items they left behind is. archaeology The practice of worshipping
Graphic Organizer More people Intensification More resources New problems Keeping track of products Establishing rules Keeping track of rules Solving disputes New Solutions Writing Systems Laws Written
Chapter Introduction Section 1: Civilization Begins in Mesopotamia Section 2: Egyptian Civilization Section 3: New Centers of Civilization Section 4: The Rise of New Empires Visual Summary How does progress
I. ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA II. FINAL VERSION 2 Kings 24:7 And the king of Egypt did not come again out of his land, for the king of Babylon had taken all that belonged to the king of Egypt from the Brook of
WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer Subject(s) Social Studies Conceptual Lenses Grade/Course 6 th Grade Innovation Unit of Study Middle East and Ancient Egypt Quality of Life Unit Title Laws, Floods and Pharaohs
SOUTHWESTERN CHRISTIAN SCHOOL WORLD HISTORY STUDY GUIDE # 6 : ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA, PHOENICIA, AND JUDAISM 3,000 BC 200 BC LEARNING OBJECTIVES STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES
Mesopotamia (The Tigris & Euphrates) Egypt (The Nile River Valley) India (The Indus River) China (The Yellow River) 1 IF TIME- Introduction to the Civilization of Ancient Mesopotamia: https://youtu.be/alvndhwyhee
World History I Mrs. Rogers Sem. 1 2012 Chapter 2 Study Guide: Ancient Middle East and Egypt Section 1: Ancient Sumer Fertile Crescent/Mesopotamia (mess-uh-poh-tame-ee-uh_: region between the Tigris and
Chapter 2 Early Societies in Southwest Asia and the Indo-European Migrations 1 Civilization Defined Urban Political/military system Social stratification Economic specialization Religion Communications
ANCIENT WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 2: THE FIRST CIVILIZATIONS 1 SECTION 1: ANCIENT KINGDOMS OF THE NILE The Origins of Egypt and its people resides in the Nile River Valley. A river that spans 4000 miles and
Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 1. Many Sumerians were skilled metalworkers because of the abundance of metal in Sumer. a. True b. False 2. Sumerian city-states went to war with one another
A. In western ASIA; area currently known as IRAQ B.Two Major Rivers in the Fertile Crescent 1. TIGRIS &EUPHRATES Rivers flow >1,000 miles Area between rivers known as MESOPOTAMIA Greek for LAND Between
1. Which geographic feature was most important to the development of the early river valley civilizations? A. fertile soils B. high mountains C. vast deserts D. smooth coastlines 2. The study of culture
I. Mesopotamia A. Geography B. Sumeria UNIT 1: ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS The Cradle of Civilization 1. is at the eastern end of the, an arc of good farm land from the Sea to the 2. Mesopotamia is the valley
Ancient History Review How much do you remember from 6th grade? Early Humans Early humans were hunter-gatherers. They relied on animals and plants for food. They moved constantly in search of their food.
Chapter 2 The First Complex Societies in the Eastern Mediterranean, ca. 4000-550 B.C.E. p26 p27 The Emergence of Complex Society in Mesopotamia, ca. 3100 1590 b.c.e. City Life in Ancient Mesopotamia Settlers
Lecture 2 Sumeria Imagining the City HUM 101 September 26, 2018, Edw. Mitchell 1 SUMERIA AND URUK Sumeria: the first city societies > the first civilization, beginning 4000-3000 BCE follows the neo-lithic
Unit 4: Mesopotamia- The Land Between the Rivers 1 Copy only the words that are in red! 2 Fertile Crescent The Fertile Crescent is a strip of well watered soil shaped like a quarter moon. The fertile crescent
Chapter 3: Early Empires in the Ancient Near East, c. 2300 B.C. c. 300 B.C. Lesson 1: Akkad & Babylon World History Bell Ringer #12 9-14-17 What comes to mind when you think of the word empire? Consider
Summer Assignment AP World History 2016-2017 Instructor: Ms. Emma Latorre Student Name: Due on Friday, August 19, 2016 to your AP World History teacher. As an APWH student, you are held to a higher expectation
Pick up your assigned laptop & log in Go to our class website: mitrowskiworldhistory.weebly.com (If you use #11, #17, and #18, please pick #28, 29, and 30 today- your laptops need to be repaired) RIVER
02 Student: 1. Gilgamesh was associated with what city? A. Jerusalem. B. Kish. C. Uruk. D. Lagash. E. Ur. 2. Enkidu was A. the Sumerian god of wisdom. B. a leading Sumerian city-state. C. the most powerful
1 City-States in Mesopotamia MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES INTERACTION WITH ENVIRONMENT The earliest civilization in Asia arose in Mesopotamia and organized into city-states. The development
DIRECTIONS: 1. Color the title 2. Color the three backgrounds 3. Use your textbook to discover the pictures; Color once you can identify them DIRECTIONS: Use the maps located on pages 33 59 to complete
Lesson 1 Ancient Egypt Egyptian Geography 1) Egypt is surrounded by deserts that gave it some degree of protection. 2) The Nile River was essential! It provided water for crops, silt to enrich the soil,
Unit 1 Foundations of Civilization Questions to Ponder 1. How did the development of agriculture lead to the development of civilization? 2. How does geography and climate impact the development of civilization?
The Ancient World Context I. The Stone Age A. Paleolithic Period (Old Stone Age) - Beyond 1 million BCE (Before Common Era) - Hunter and Gatherer - Discovered fire, clothing, basic techniques for hunting
Place all answers on answer key. Part I Match (10) 2012 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Sumerian pyramid shaped temple Epic poem Name meaning land between the rivers First empire builder Sumerian system
Chapter 2Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia Learning Objective: I can explain the achievements & rise of the empires of Mesopotamia. Sumer For 1,500 years, Sumer is a land of independent city-states.
Name Date Assessment: Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia Mastering the Content Select the letter next to the best answer. 1. What was a problem caused by Sumerian city-states independence from one another?
1 Larger Unit Plan Grade Level: 1 st Grade Topic: Early Civilizations: Mesopotamia Pages in Core Knowledge: CK Teacher Handbook, pgs. 117-131 # days/lessons available for whole unit: 7 days Personal exploration
TODAY s OBJECTIVES: Summarize how geography affected the cultural development in the Fertile Crescent. Describe city-states and how other cultures learned from them. Describe Sumerian religious beliefs,
TODAY s OBJECTIVES: Summarize how geography affected the cultural development in the Fertile Crescent. Describe city-states and how other cultures learned from them. Describe Sumerian religious beliefs,
Illustrative Examples - Unit 1 Complete your chart using the information provided in this document. Other acceptable sources are: -Traditions and Encounters -The Earth and Its People - Textbook located
Culture and Society in Ancient Mesopotamia By Ancient History Encyclopedia, adapted by Newsela staff on 07.25.17 Word Count 1,180 Level 1060L "The Walls of Babylon and the Temple of Bel (Or Babel)", by
AP World History Summer Assignment AP World History is the study of global history from 8,000 BCE to roughly 2,000 CE. In this course you will be investigating the social, political, religious, intellectual,
Salam! [Sah-lahm] Hello in Persian Turn in late signed Syllabus or Autobiography!! Remind: # 81010 M: @mshallswhc 1. Which continent is the Fertile Crescent on? 2. Which continents is it near? 3. Which
The Four Empires of Mesopotamia- Label the outside windows with these four empires Akkadian Empire (2300-2100 B.C.E) Babylonian Empire (1792-1595 B.C.E) Assyrian Empire (900-612 B.C.E) Neo-Babylonian Empire
Chapter 2 section 2 notes S U M E R A N D A K K A D Sumer and Akkad Both city state regions in Mesopotamia Sumer was in the south Akkad was in the north Both had similar beliefs, traditions and customs
Hammurabi s Code Central Historical Question: What can we learn about Babylonia from Hammurabi s Code? Materials: Background PowerPoint Copies of Documents A-C Modeling Script for Document A Guiding Questions
Connections: A World History (Judge/Langdon) Chapter 2 Early Societies of West Asia and North Africa, to 500 B.C.E. 2.1 Multiple-Choice Questions 1) What geographical conditions contributed to the rise
Exploring Four Empires of Mesopotamia 6.1 Introduction (p.51) The city-states of Sumer were like independent countries they often fought over land and water rights; they never united into one group; they
Chapter 2 Section 1 WHH The Impact of Geography Mesopotamia is at the eastern end of the Fertile Crescent, an arc of land from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. Mesopotamia ( between the rivers
Development and Interaction of Cultures (CUL) Early Civilizations Mesopotamia Culture (Religion) Polytheistic Believed the gods controlled the natural forces around them Priests explained the gods will
AP World History Summer Assignment 2015-2016 Welcome to AP World History! You have chosen to take a college-level course that covers everything from prehistory to present day all across the globe. This
Objective: SW explain how Mesopotamian civilizations developed. Do First: Vocabulary Civilization advanced society with complex social, cultural, and political systems In the Neolithic Revolution, people
AN AFTERGLOW OF THEM Crash Course in Ancient Western Civilization We look on past ages with condescension, as a mere preparation for us but what if we re only an afterglow of them? J. G. Farrell, The Siege
Name: Hour Unit 2 Reading Guide: Ancient Egypt & Judaism Chapter 2: Early River Valley Civilizations Section 1: Pyramids on the Nile (p. 35) The Geography of Egypt 1. Describe the 3 unique aspects of the
In the first Instruction in this Lesson, we told you about the earliest civilization in Mesopotamia. Sumeria. As you remember, Mesopotamia means "land between two rivers." The rivers were The Tigris and
1. What material was used for writing in Mesopotamia? A) Animal bones B) Papyrus C) Soft clay D) Parchment 2. How did papyrus compare with clay tablets as a writing material? A) It was less prone to disintegration.
Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: City-States of Ancient Sumer The first civilization arose in southeastern Mesopotamia at Sumer. Sumerians developed cuneiform, the oldest form of writing. They
Chapter 2 The Fertile Crescent Chapter 2-Guiding Questions: How did physical geography affect the growth of ancient civilizations? What legacies have been left by cultures of the past? Section 2 Babylonia
Use of skin Ancient Wisdom Ancient human had achieved a lot before start of civilizations In many places they had discovered: Use of fire Weaving wool, cotton and flax to make cloths Hunting animals and
Chapter One Ancient Civilizations; Section One How Civilization Began Chapter One Ancient Civilizations Section One How Civilization Began the Paleolithic Era Unlike modern humans, early people who lived
Be able to locate the following on a map of the ancient world: Persian Gulf Mediterranean Sea Black Sea Indus River Tigris River Euphrates River India Huang He River Nile River Fertile Crescent Arabian
Name: Class: Background Since early times, people have been asking important questions to try to make sense of life and how to live. People have answered these questions in different ways. Early civilizations
THE FIRST CIVILIZATIONS Chapter 1, Section 1 Glencoe World History Modern Times Ancient Mesopotamia Main Idea: In ancient Mesopotamia, city-states elaborated the concept of the law code and divine kingship