1 Standards: SS6G10 Describe selected cultural characteristics of Europe. a. Describe the diversity of languages spoken within Europe. b. Identify the major religions in Europe: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
2 Europe has a unique culture. Let s examine some of the cultural characteristics of people who live in Europe.
3 What is Culture? Watch the video below about culture. =o32l-_u6ngy
4 What is Culture? Webster's Dictionary: the beliefs, customs, arts, etc., of a particular society, group, place, or time
5 What is culture? Culture - has been called "the way of life for an entire society." As such, it includes codes of manners, dress, Language, Relgion, rituals, norms of behaviors and systems of belief.
6 American Culture What makes up American Culture? Think Pair- share
7 Essential Question: How do cultural characteristics influence Europe today?
8 Diversity of European Languages
9 Watch the video clip below illustrating the changing borders in Europe over 1000 years. years-european-borders-change/ Be prepared to answer the following questions: Use 1-2 words to describe Europe s borders over the years Identify 2-3 parts of Europe that stayed generally the same over the entire time. How do you think this affected European culture?
10 Diversity of European Languages As you noticed, there have been many changes to Europe s political boundaries over the past 1,000 to 2,000 years. How have those changes created challenges for European countries?
11 Diverse Languages of Europe Europe has many diverse languages. Some of the languages are in the same language family, so people from one country can often understand the language of people from another country. Many Europeans speak two or more languages.
12 Use the Diverse Languages of Europe Graphic Organizer to record important information.
13 Diverse Languages of Europe German and English are examples of Germanic languages. English is spoken in more parts of the world than any other language.
14 German and English are examples of Germanic languages. English is spoken in more parts of the world than any other language. Germanic Languages
15 Diverse Languages of Europe French and Italian are examples of Romance languages (based on Latin, the language of ancient Romans)
16 Roots of European Languages Roots of European Languages The French, Spanish and Portuguese languages are called Romance languages because they came from old languages used during the Roman Empire. Germanic Languages Romance Languages Slavic Languages
17 Romance Languages French and Italian are examples of Romance languages (based on Latin, the language of ancient Romans)
18 Diverse Languages of Europe Russian is an example of a Slavic language.
19 Slavic Languages Russian is an example of a Slavic language.
20 European Languages Russian English French Italian German
21 Diverse Languages of Europe Slides have specific countries of Europe shaded (that you previously learned). With a partner, identify the country, its language and/or its language family.
22 1 Spain: Romance Language
23 France: Romance Language (French) 2
24 United Kingdom: Germanic Language (English) 3
25 4 Belgium: Germanic Language
26 Germany: Germanic Language (German) 5
27 Poland: Slavic Language 6
28 Russia: Slavic Language (Russian) 7
29 Ukraine: Slavic Language 8
30 Italy: Romance Language (Italian) 9
31 10 Portugal: Romance Language
32 Think, Pair, Share Write a sentence to describe the languages of Europe. Identify at least 2 countries of Europe and their language. Describe the general location (east, central, west) of the three language families: Germanic, Romance, Slavic
33 Think, Pair, Share Write a sentence to describe the languages of Europe. Identify at least 2 countries of Europe and their language. Describe the general location (east, central, west) of the three language families: Germanic, Romance, Slavic
34 Think, Pair, Share Write a sentence to describe the languages of Europe. Identify at least 2 countries of Europe and their language. Describe the general location (east, central, west) of the three language families: Germanic, Romance, Slavic
35 Religions of Europe
36 There are 3 main religious groups in Europe: Judaism Islam Christianity
37 Essential Question What are the characteristics of the 3 major religions in Europe? (Judaism, Christianity & Islam) Video: Judaism-Islam portion
38 Complete the What I Think I Know section at the top of your Religions of Europe Chart. Pair and Share when instructed
39 Religions of Europe: All three are monotheistic (believe in one God) All three acknowledge Abraham as the patriarch (father) of their faith Each has a holy book and a specific place of worship Each has a different view about Jesus Christ Some of these religions share common holy sites in the region but also have their own unique holy sites
40 Who was Abraham? Abraham is considered the 1 st Hebrew and the father of the Jewish people As a reward for his act of faith in one God, he was promised many offspring (children).
41 Judaism Believers are called Jews Monotheistic (believe in one God) Patriarch (father) of the faith is Abraham Holy Books: Torah (parts of the Old Testament) and the Talmud
42 Judaism Place of worship is a Synagogue View of Jesus Christ: He was an ordinary Jew, not the Messiah. Jews are still waiting on the Messiah. What does Messiah mean? Savior or divine person Holy Sites: Jerusalem, Wailing Wall (remains of a Jerusalem temple)
44 Wailing Wall in Jerusalem
45 Symbols of Judaism Star of David Menorah
46 Traditions of Judaism Bar/Bat Mitzvah Hanukkah
47 Christianity Believers are called Christians Monotheistic (believe in one God) Patriarch (father) of the faith is Abraham Holy Books: Bible
48 Christianity Place of worship is a Church, Chapel, or Cathedral View of Jesus Christ: He was the son of God and the Messiah (savior) Holy Sites: Jerusalem, Bethlehem, and Vatican City (Catholic) The majority of Christians in Europe are Catholic
50 Vatican City
51 Symbols of Christianity Cross Fish
52 Traditions of Christianity Christmas Easter
53 Islam Believers are called Muslims Monotheistic (believe in one God) Patriarch (father) of the faith is Abraham Holy Books: Qur an or Koran
54 Islam Place of worship is a Mosque View of Jesus Christ: He was a prophet sent by Allah (God) but he was not a Messiah or the son of God. What does Prophet mean? Messenger of God Holy Sites: Jerusalem, Mecca, Medina
55 Islam Muslims believe that Abraham was the first prophet (messenger of Allah or God) and that Jesus Christ was a prophet that came after Abraham Muslims believe that Muhammad was the last prophet of Allah. Muhammad started the religion of Islam. Islam is the fastest growing religion in Europe
56 5 Pillars of Islam Admitting that there is only one God, Allah. Praying 5 times a day To give to those in need, charity Fasting (not eating) during certain times, especially during Ramadan Making a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime.
58 Mosque in Medina
59 Symbols of Islam Star and Crescent Allah in Arabic
60 Traditions of Islam Ramadan (holy month of fasting) Pilgrimage to Mecca
61 Predominate Religion by region
62 Complete the Corrections or New Information section of your Religions of Europe Chart. Pair and Share when instructed
63 More Alike or Different? Are the 3 major religions of Europe more alike or more different from each other?
64 Think, Pair, Share Identify three similarities between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Identify at least three differences between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
65 Diverse Cultures of Europe Summarizer 40ba beedd200f
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