2 Renaissance The Renaissance was a period of rebirth in Europe after the Middle Ages
3 Renaissance After years of war and the plague, many city-states in Italy began exploring the arts, music, and politics based on the ideas founded in Rome and Greece
4 The Rise of Florence (Italy)
5 The Rise of Florence Florence was a major trade center during the Middle Ages and Crusades Vast amounts of trading = a powerful merchant class This merchant class believed in individualism, growth in the arts, and political participation
6 The Rise of Florence The merchant class became involved in Florence s politics The Medici Family, powerful merchants and bankers, came to power in the early 1400s Medici family = supported the arts and the ideas of the Renaissance
7 Florence and places like it became powerful centers for art and politics due to: Social Changes Economic Changes Political Changes
8 Economic Changes Due to the Crusades, overseas trade led to a growth of large city-states in northern Italy. Bubonic plague hit these towns in the 1300 s. Survivors of the plague demanded higher wages. This allowed people to pursue interest like the arts.
9 Social Changes A wealthy merchant class developed in these city-states. They began to dominate politics. Successful merchants believed that they deserved power because of individual merit. This brought about a belief in individual achievement.
10 Political changes Florence came under the rule of a powerful banking family, the Medici. He influenced members of the ruling council by giving them loans. They were huge patrons of the arts.
11 Niccolo Machiavelli Wrote The Prince in It examines how a ruler can gain power and keep it in spite of his enemies. He advised that political leaders should lie and trick their followers if it is for the good of the country Said that most people are selfish, fickle, and corrupt. He was not concerned with what was morally right, but what was politically effective.
12 Is it better to be loved or feared? The answer is to be both loved and feared. But, it is much safer to be feared than loved, if one is wanting. -Machiavelli
13 A prince must be strong as a lion, and shrewd as a fox. -Machiavelli
14 b. Identify artistic and scientific achievements of Leonardo da Vinci, the Renaissance Man, and Michelangelo.
15 The Renaissance Man The Renaissance Man was a term used to describe those who were well rounded and masters in the arts, music, literature, dance, and fighting
16 Leonardo da Vinci Da Vinci is a classic example of a Renaissance Man He was a famous painter, scientist, and inventor One of his most famous paintings was the Mona Lisa He drew up plans for ideas such as a helicopter, tank, and a calculator
17 The Last Supper
18 Leonardo His notebooks contain 3500 pages of writings and drawings. He wrote in these notebooks backwards. He planned scholarly works and engineering feats.
19 Leonardo s human body
20 Michelangelo Another Renaissance Man, Michelangelo is known for his skills as a sculptor and painter Michelangelo s Pieta
21 Michelangelo Excelled as a painter, sculptor, architect, and poet. Most famous for the way he portrayed the human body. His most famous works include the Sistine Chapel and the Statute of David.
22 Sistine Chapel
23 One half of the Sistine Chapel's ceiling painted by Michelangelo in 1508 with a close-up
24 Statue of David
26 Humanism Humanism was a movement that focused on human potential and achievements based ancient Greek values Humanist believed: -That people could enjoy the finer things in life without offending God -That the focus should be on people and their achievements (art and literature)
27 Humanism An intellectual movement that focused on human potential and achievements. Influenced artists and architects to carry on classical traditions. Popularized the study of subjects common to classical education, like history, literature, and philosophy.
28 Petrarch Father of Humanism Was the first to use the phrase Dark Ages to to describe the lack of culture found during the Middle Ages.
29 St. John the Baptist - by Leonardo Da Vinci
30 The Ambassado rs by Hans Holbein
31 The Birth of Venus by Botticelli
32 Sistine Madonna by Raphael
33 The Baptism of Christ by Verrocchio
34 The School of Athens by Raphael
35 d. Analyze the impact of the Protestant Reformation; include the ideas of Martin Luther and John Calvin.
36 Martin Luther Luther, a German monk, started the Reformation when he posted his 95 Theses One of Luther s main arguments with the Catholic church was the practice of selling indulgences, or the ability to pay a priest to forgive sins
37 The 95 Theses Indulgences, which were certificates believed to reduce the punishment for sins committed by the purchasers or their loved ones in purgatory. On October 31, 1517 he posted theses statements on the church door at Wittenberg and invited scholars to a debate. This began the Reformation.
38 Martin Luther (Germany) People can win salvation only by faith in God s forgiveness. All Church teachings should be based on the Bible. Pope and church are false authorities. All people with faith are equal. One does not need a priest to interpret the Bible.
39 Martin Luther Luther The Catholic Church Only God could grant salvation Faith and good works were (entrance into heaven) needed for salvation All people with faith were equal, Priests help interpret Bible did not need priests All church teachings should be Teachings are based on the based on the Bible Bible, the Pope, and Church traditions Luther s ideas eventually took hold, forming a separate Christian religion called the Lutherans
40 Impact of the Reformation Protestant churches flourished New denominations developed Catholic Church became more united as a result of Council of Trent reforms
41 Impact of the Reformation More emphasis on education to promote beliefs (parish school and universities) Individual monarchs and states gained power in modern nation-states Laid the groundwork for the Enlightenment
42 John Calvin (Switzerland) Wrote that men and women are sinful by nature. Humans cannot earn salvation as God chooses a few people to be saved. This is the basis of predestination - all events have been willed by God
43 John Calvin Calvinism spread from Switzerland to France (Huguenots) and Scotland (Presbyterians)
44 Calvinism Everyone attends religion classes No one allowed to wear bright clothing or play card games Authorities would imprison, excommunicate, or banish those who broke rules Anyone preaching different doctrine to be burned at the stake
45 Protestant Reformation Recap Early 1500s many began to question the authority of the Catholic Church and many of its practices The Renaissance and the rise of powerful rulers gave rise to the Protestant Reformation which aimed to reform the Catholic Church The Reformation led to the founding of Christian churches that did not accept the Pope s authority
46 The Counter Reformation
47 Counter Reformation The Counter Reformation, or Catholic Reformation, was the Catholic Church s attempt at reforming itself
48 Council of Trent ( ) Pope Paul III called a council of Church leaders in Trent (now Trento), Italy to clearly state Catholic beliefs: The Council Stated: - the Church s interpretation of the Bible was final - Christians needed faith and good works for salvation - Bible and Church traditions were authorities for guiding Christian life - Indulgences were valid expressions of faith - However, the false selling of indulgences was banned
49 Council of Trent ( )
50 The Jesuits (The Society of Jesus) Focused on three activities Founded schools throughout Europe Convert non-christians to Catholicism by use of missionaries Stop the spread of Protestantism
51 The English Reformation and The Role of Henry VIII and Elizabeth I
52 The English Reformation England s ties with the Catholic Church were broken for personal and political reasons rather than religious ones.
53 Henry VIII Was a devout Catholic, but had no male heir to the throne. Wanted to end his marriage to Catherine of Aragon, so he could take a younger bride. The Pope refused to grant an annulment. Pope Clement VII
54 The Act of Supremacy Called on English subjects to take an oath recognizing the King s divorce from Catherine as legal and accepting Henry, not the Pope, as official head of England s church.
57 Elizabeth I Elizabeth, Henry s daughter, took over England after her half sister Mary I died Mary had reinstated the Catholic Church in England In 1559, Elizabeth again established the Church of England, making it the only legal Church in England
58 Elizabeth I Church was a moderate version to appeal to Catholics and Protestants. Priests were allowed to marry. Sermons delivered in English, not Latin. Services kept some Catholic traditions
59 Gutenberg and the Printing Press
60 Printing Block printing was invented by the Chinese. Bi Sheng invented moveable type, but the Chinese language had thousands of different characters. During the 13th century, block printing and movable type reached Europe.
61 Johann Gutenberg Developed the printing press in Made it possible to produce books quickly and cheaply. First full-sized book printed with movable type was the Gutenberg Bible.
62 The Printing Press Enabled a printer to produce hundreds of copies of a single work. Books became cheap enough that many people could afford them. First books were religious, but soon other topics, like travel and medicine, were incorporated.
63 Gutenberg Press The printing press allowed Luther s 95 Theses to quickly reach the masses in several countries
64 Changes in Society Made more information available and inexpensive enough for society at large. Increased desire for learning a rise in literacy rates in Europe. Published accounts of discoveries, maps, and charts led to new discoveries. Published legal proceedings made laws more clear to common people.
World History Exam Study Guide Byzantine and Mongol Empires Multiple Choice 1) What is the famous church in Constantinople - the name means holy wisdom Hagia Sophia 2) Rome had fallen on hard times - internal
SSWH9: Analyze change and continuity in the Renaissance and Reformation. SSWH 9 A Explain the social, economic, and political changes that contributed to the rise of Florence. What was the Renaissance?
World History (Survey) Chapter 17: European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300 1600 Section 1: Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance The years 1300 to 1600 saw a rebirth of learning and culture in Europe.
Renaissance and Reformation (1350-1600) Chapter 5 Renaissance Means rebirth Revival of Antiquity (Ancient Greece & Rome) Begins in Italy Coliseum Acropolis Italy Characteristics Urban society = city states
The Rise of Democracy Unit 1: World History I. Types of Government A. Types of Government 1. Monarchy king or queen rules the government 2. Theocracy the religious leader also rules the government 3. Dictatorship
The Rise of Democracy Unit 1: World History I. The Legacy of Ancient Greece and Rome A. Limited Democracy in Athens, Greece 1. Wealth determined class 2. All free adult males were citizens and could participate
W N S E Name Class Date Outline Map Europe About 1600 Directions: Locate and label the following cities and countries that were important during the Reformation: Scotland, England, Spain, France, Norway,
Learning Goal 3: Describe the major causes of the Reformation and the political, intellectual, artistic, economic and religious effects of the Reformation. (TEKS/SE s 1D,5B) New Ideas of the Renaissance
The Reformation A movement for religious reform Luther Leads the Reformation Essential Question: What effect did Luther s protest have on religion and on society? Causes of the Reformation Luther Challenges
Renaissance Humanism Medici Family Perspective A new age that began in the 1300s and reached its peak around 1500. Marked a transition from medieval times to the early modern world. Literally meaning rebirth,
Name Class Period Ch. 17 Study Guide Define all vocabulary terms: Renaissance- ( rebirth ) period of renewed interest in art and learning in Europe. Secular- Interested in worldly rather than religious
Chapter 12 Renaissance and Reformation 1350-1600 Section 1 The Italian Renaissance The word renaissance means rebirth. The Italian Renaissance, which spread to the rest of Europe, occurred between 1350
Effects of the Renaissance Objectives for Reformation: Led to advancements in Science (Copernicus, Galileo) Led to world exploration (1492 Columbus sailed to the new world Art and literature is forever
Renaissance and Reformation Chapter 15 Why did the Renaissance Begin in Europe? Black Death, starvation, and warfare- Europe 1300s Farmers specialize= increased trade City-states developed Increased trade
Name The Renaissance & Reformation Study Guide Big Picture / Essential Understanding: By 1500 CE major states and empires had developed in various regions of the world. New intellectual and artistic ideas
Make a new triangle Renaissance 1300-1650 Renaissance a widespread change in culture that took place in Europe beginning with the 1300 s Humanism an interest in the classics AIM Name four famous artists/sculptors
Name Date CHAPTER 17 CHAPTER TEST European Renaissance and Reformation Form C Part 1: Main Ideas Write the letter of the best answer. (4 points each) 1. What kind of person represented the ideal of the
The Protestant Revolt and the Catholic Reformation Chapter Five 1517 - Martin Luther posted a list on the door of his church in Wittenburg, Germany 95 things about the Roman Catholic Church that troubled
The Renaissance and Reformation 1300-1650 Chapter 13 13-1 The Renaissance in Italy (pg 224) What was the Renaissance? (pg 225-226)! A New Worldview Renaissance it was a rebirth of political, social, economic,
Student ID: 123 - MAKE SURE YOU BUBBLE THE STUDENT ID ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET Unit 1: Europe Quiz Directions: Read each of the following questions. Based on your knowledge, determine which answer choice best
European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300-1600 Two movements, the Renaissance and the Reformation, usher in dramatic social and cultural changes in Europe. European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300-1600
SSWH9 Protestant Reformation, English ELEMENT D: EXPLAIN THE IMPORTANCE OF GUTENBERG AND THE INVENTION OF THE PRINTING PRESS GUTENBERG & THE PRINTING PRESS q Block printing and moveable type was developed
In the Fall, we made it from approximately 10,000 BC to the 1500s. Next up: 1500s-today Finishing Unit 6- Changing Ideas: Renaissance & innovations in Europe Revolutions! People revolt around the world
1 In 730, the Byzantine Emperor banned the use of icons. The Pope was outraged to hear that the Byzantine Emperor painted over a painting of Jesus. The Byzantine Emperor and the Pope continued to disagree
Christian humanism-goal to reform the Catholic Church Clergy was uneducated Busy with worldly affairs not doing spiritual work Scientific Advances which contradicted the Catholic Church Indulgences paying
European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300-1600 Two movements, the Renaissance and the Reformation, usher in dramatic social and cultural changes in Europe. European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300-1600
Reformation and Counter Reformation The Reformation was a time of great discovery and learning that affected the way individuals viewed themselves and the world. The Beginning of the Reformation The Catholic
Renaissance and Reformation Italian Renaissance Humanism Humanism is the interest and adoption of classical work along with Greek and Roman ideas and thought. The Humanist way of thinking was different
The Protestant Reformation 1517-1648 The Protestant Reformation Caused by a questioning (protest) of the Church in Northern Europe i. The selling of indulgences a. $$$ for pardoning of sins Purgatory during
Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation Mr. Booth s World History 1300 1500 CE 2 OBJECTIVES TODAY 1. We will learn about Catholic Church Hierarchy. People were I.M.A.D! 2. Martin Luther s Protestant
Chapter 12 Old Ch. 14 The Renaissance and Reformation Spirit of the Renaissance *great achievements in arts *concerned with religion and other important issues A. Italian City States have students look
1. Base your answer to the question on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies. Which period began as a result of the actions shown in this cartoon? A) Italian Renaissance B) Protestant
World History Era 6: The Great Global Convergence about 1400-1770 con-verge [kuh n-vurj] v. To tend to a common result or conclusion; to come together Change accelerated when people, resources, and ideas
Name Date CHAPTER 17 Section 3 RETEACHING ACTIVITY Luther Leads the Reformation Determining Main Ideas Choose the word that most accurately completes each sentence below. Write that word in the blank provided.
WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 12 PACKET: RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION (1350 CE - 1600 CE) Take-Home Homework Packet 100 Points Honor Code I understand that this is an independent assignment and that I can not receive
Protestant Reformation WHII.3 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the Reformation in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) explaining the effects of the theological, political, and economic
Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation Objectives: Students will learn about the criticisms of the Roman Catholic Church, and how this led to a religious movement called the Protestant Reformation.
and Reformation Review Study online at quizlet.com/_2wjjkb 1. 95 Thesis attacked the abuse of indulgeses, beginning the protestant reformation 2. 1350 The Italian Begins 3. 1434 The Medici family Takes
The Renaissance 1.The term Renaissance is from what language and means what? French and means rebirth 2.During the Middle Ages, what could few ordinary people do? 1 Read 3.What did people discover in the
The Renaissance Chapter 15 How did Petrarch influence the Renaissance? He encouraged people to study the philosophy and literature of the past and to speak and write thoughtfully. What practices of the
The Protestant Reformation and its Effects 1517-1618 Context How had the Christian faith grown since its inception? What role did the Church play in Europe during the Middle Ages? How had the Church changed
The Renaissance 1485 1660 Renaissance Timeline 1517: Martin Luther begins Protestant Reformation 1558: Elizabeth I crowned 1588: English navy defeats Spanish Armada 1649: Charles I executed; English monarchy
Chapter 4: The Exchange of Ideas (Pg. 78) Inquiry question: How did the Renaissance spark the growth and exchange of ideas across Europe???? Chapter Overview You will learn the influence that the exchange
Module 9: The Protestant Reformation Criticisms of the Catholic Church leaders extravagant Priest were poorly John & Jan o Denied the had the right to worldly power o Taught that the had more authority
100 Years War and Black Death Scientific Advances which contradicted the Church The Corruption within the Catholic Church Prior to the Reformation all Christians were Roman Catholic The [REFORM]ation was
CHAPTER SUMMARY Renaissance and Reformation Section 1: The Italian Renaissance THE BEGINNING OF THE RENAISSANCE In the 1300s, so many people died of the Black Death, starvation, and warfare that the population
Ch 13 THE RESURGENCE OF EUROPE: RENAISSANCE & REFORMATION --from handout I. The Commercial Revolution A. Towns & the Middle Class 1. Growing population 2. Increase in trade = more power to middle class
Unit 1 Study Guide The Renaissance, Reformation and Scientific Revolution Study Guide 1a. What was the Renaissance? Description and Meaning: Critical rebirth of Greek and roman ideals era of creativity
The Reformation in Europe Chapter 16 16-1 THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION What Caused the Reformation? In Northern Europe Christian humanism begins People want to change the Catholic Church Desiderius Erasmus
What questions will we answer today and next time? What is the Reformation? What are the causes of the Reformation? How was the Catholic Church changed forever? Who are the different leaders of the Reformation?
The Reformation -a movement for religious reforms Main Idea: Martin Luther s protest over abuses in the Catholic Church led to the founding of Protestant churches. Immediate Causes: Selling of indulgences
The Renaissance The Rebirth of European Progress The Collapse of Rome and the Middle Ages When the western portion of the Roman Empire collapsed, much of the European continent entered a period of disunity
The Protestant Reformation Also known as the Reformation What w as it? Movement Goal initially was to reform (Make changes) to the beliefs and practices of the Church (Roman Catholic Church was the only
Unit III: Reformation, Counter Reformation, and Religious Wars I. The Protestant Reformation A. Causes of the Reformation 1. Crises of the 14 th and 15 th centuries hurt the prestige of the clergy a. Babylonian
Chapter 13; Section 1 Main Ideas Main Idea #1: The Renaissance or Rebirth was a time of political, economic, social, and cultural change Main Idea #2: Renaissance Art focused on realism, using perspective,
The Protestant Reformation Gutenberg s Printing Press The Gutenberg Printing Press led to a rise in literacy throughout Europe and the mass printing of the Bible More European Christians could then read
Unit One: The Renaissance & Reformation AP European History www.chshistory.net 1 Unit One: The Renaissance & Reformation in Europe Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday August 22 August 23 August 24
The Protestant Reformation An Intellectual Revolution Background Causes of the Protestant Reformation Renaissance ideals of secularism & humanism spread by the newly invented printing press encourage challenges
Frederick Douglass Academy Global Studies 1. One impact Gutenberg's printing press had on western Europe was A) the spread of Martin Luther's ideas B) a decrease in the number of universities C) a decline
The Renaissance Begins AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) During the Medieval times the Latin West had fallen backward and was far behind the Islamic world in intellectual achievements. In the
hristian Beliefs and Modern History Let s Break It Down Scriptures Beliefs Denominations Practices Old Testament v. New Testament Old Testament Basically the TaNaKh or Hebrew Bible New Testament The Four
The Crusades, the Black Plague, the Renaissance & the Reformation The Crusades 1096 to 1291 The Crusades 1096 to 1291 1095 Pope Urban II calls for retaking of Holy Land (HL) from Muslims Sins will be forgiven
Lesson 1 The Renaissance Begins ESSENTIAL QUESTION Why do people make economic choices? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. Why did the states of Italy become leading centers of culture during the Renaissance? 2. How
Name Block Notes: Chapter 11 - Renaissance and Reformation Introduction In this chapter, you will learn about important changes that led to the end of and the dawn of the modern age. The were major developments
Test Review The Reformation Which statement was NOT a result of the Protestant Reformation? A. The many years of conflict between Protestants and Catholics B. The rise of capitalism C. Northern Germany
RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION S. Anderson World History The Waning of the Middle Ages Starting in the 12 th Century, life in Europe began to change. The Crusades brought new goods from the East to Europe,
Bell Ringer 10-16-13 Read Protestant Reformation: The Basics worksheet in your groups. Answer questions on the back together. The Protestant Reformation The Division of the Church into Catholic and Protestant
MARTIN LUTHER AND THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION I. The Protestant Reformation A. Abuses in the Roman Catholic Church 1. Popes constantly fighting powerful kings 2. Popes live a life of luxury a. Become patrons
Chapter Introduction Section 1: The Renaissance Section 2: Ideas and Art of the Renaissance Section 3: The Protestant Reformation Section 4: The Spread of Protestantism Visual Summary The BIG Idea Ideas,
World History Chapter 12 Renaissance and Reformation 1350-1600 What is the Renaissance? - The Renaissance was a time of creativity and change in many areas- - Most important- changes that took place in
Protestant Reformation Causes, Conflicts, Key People, Consequences Conflicts that challenged the authority of the Church in Rome Challenge to Church authority: 1. German and English nobility disliked Italian
Intermediate World History B Unit 3: The Spread of New Ideas Lesson 1: Politics of the Renaissance Pg. 81-94 Lesson 2: The Renaissance Beyond Italy Pg. 95-106 Lesson 3: The Reformation Splits Christendom
Chapter 12, Section 1 For use with textbook pages 375 381 THE RENAISSANCE KEY TERMS urban society a society in which many of the people in cities (page 375) secular worldly, rather than religious (page
The Exchange of Ideas How did the Renaissance spark the growth and exchange of ideas across Europe???? Chapter Overview You will learn the influence that the exchange of ideas had on worldview by asking
Review 15 th, 16 th, and 17 th Centuries (to mid 17 th century science) Date Event Significance 1450 Gutenberg s Printing Press 1453 Hundred Years War Ends 1455- War of the Roses 1485 1465 Ferdinand and
Literature, like other Renaissance art forms, was changed by the rebirth of interest in classical ideas and the rise of humanism. During the Italian Renaissance, the topics that people wrote about changed.
The Protestant Reforma/on Unit 5: The Emergence of Modern Europe The Reforma/on SSWH9: The student will analyze the change and con/nuity in the Renaissance and Reforma/on d. Analyze the impact of the Protestant
#8-16 in the Review Packet #17-25 in the Review Packet #26-37 in the Review Packet #38-44 in the Review Packet An increase in trade and a demand for goods from Persia and China help the Italian citystates
Renaissance and Reformation 1350-1600 Chapter 5 Key Events Look for the following key events: Between 1350 and 1550 Italian intellectuals began to reexamine the culture of the Greeks and Romans. (Renaissance)
The European Reformation & it s Impact on the Americas The New World began where the Old World ends. Enduring Understanding: Students will recognize the role religion played in the development of American
HW Finish the 5 panel Storyboard on The Growth of Roman Catholic Spain and The Spanish Inquisition using p. 334-335. One panel per paragraph. Each panel needs four things written down: a title, summary
The Reformation Begins The Weakening of the Church By the 1300s, many Christians felt that the church had become far too worldly and corrupt. Many church leaders acted immorally. Church leaders lived in
Name: Hour: RenaLssance 4 11 / F L 4 ]R(e1flhI LtSSaIlnI(ce 1L(ea11r1fl ng T(1]rg(etS 1. Explain the effects of re-opening the Silk Road between Europe and Asia. 2. Locate the influential city-states on
on Notebook.notebook The Subject: Topic: Grade(s): Prior knowledge: Western Civilization 10th 1st Semester: The Renaissance 1) Chapter 12 Sec 3 4 2) Key people of the 3) How would technology play a part
Reformation Test Oct 2015 1. One of Luther's teachings is that... A) The holy spirit dictate when action are pious B) Church doctrine must be based solely on the Bible C) Bible should be interpreted by
The Protestant Reformation Of the 16 th Century Background Before the Protestant Reformation there was considered to only be one Church, the Catholic Church 1515 Pope Leo X gave indulgence for those who
The Protestant Reformation By History.com on 01.31.17 Word Count 791 This painting shows Martin Luther posting his 95 theses in 1517. Luther was challenging the Catholic Church with his opinions on Christianity.
The Protestant Reformation (1450-1565) Key Concepts End of Religious Unity in the West. Split from the medieval church its traditions, doctrine, practices and people Not the first attempt at reform, but