2 BELLRINGER 1. The Arabian Peninsula is at the crossroads of three continents. What four is it not at the crossroads of? 2. In what year did the city of Constantinople fall to the Ottoman Turks? 3. In what direction did Islam spread and grow? 4. What was the outcome of the Great Schism in 1054?
3 UNIT 6 In this unit we will learn about and analyze European Medieval society with regard to culture, politics, and economics.
4 WESTERN HALF OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE- AFTER THE FALL The gradual decline of the western half of the Roman Empire ushered in a new era known as the Middle Ages A new society emerged that had roots in : The classical heritage of Rome The beliefs of the Roman Catholic Church The customs of various Germanic tribes
5 EFFECTS OF THE FALL OF ROME Disruption of Trade- merchants faced invasions both by land and sea Downfall of cities- cities were abandoned as centers of administration Decline in learning- Germanic invaders who attacked Rome could not read or write, and had no written language Loss of a common language- as Germanic peoples mixed with the Roman population, Latin changed By the 800 s, French, Spanish, and other Romanbased languages evolved from Latin
6 EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES Middle Ages- 500 to 1500 CE Also known as the Medieval Period Also called the Dark Ages
7 GERMANIC KINGDOMS EMERGE Between 400 and 600 CE, small Germanic kingdoms replaced Roman Territories The borders of those kingdoms changed constantly with the fortunes of war The Christian church survived the fall of the western half of the Roman Empire, and provided security in a time of change and chaos
8 CLOVIS AND THE FRANKS In the Roman province of Gaul (modern-day France), a Germanic people called the Franks held power The leader was a man named Clovis, whose wife was a Christian 496 CE- Clovis leads his army against another Germanic army, and called on God to give him victory (p.354) The battle turned in the favor of the Franks After the battle, Clovis and 3,000 of his followers were baptized This event led to an increased role of the church
9 PAPAL (CHURCH) POWER EXPANDS 590 CE- Gregory I becomes Pope Gregory broadened the role of the church and the office of the Pope Gregory: Used church finances to raise armies Repair roads Help the poor Negotiated peace treaties with invaders
10 REVIEW 1. In what way did the fall of Rome in 476 impact language in western Europe? 2. The Middle Ages are also known as (two other names). 3. Where were the Franks located? 4. How did Gregory I expand the role of the church? (name two)
11 BELLRINGER Write one paragraph (4-5 sentences) describing the transition from the fall of Rome to the expanded influence of the Christian church in western Europe.
12 BELLRINGER 1. In what year did Rome fall, and what was one impact of that fall? 2. What was the language of the western half of Rome, and what did that language evolve into? 3. What institution provided structure and stability after the fall of Rome? 4. What two individuals played a large role in expanding the role of the church and the authority of the Pope in society?
13 UNIT 6 In this unit we will learn about and analyze European Medieval society with regard to culture, politics, and economics.
14 BATTLE OF TOURS (732 CE) The Franks ruled over what is now France The most powerful person in the Frankish kingdom was the Mayor of the Palace, who basically ruled the kingdom In 732, Muslim armies from Spain attacked the Franks at the town of Tours A man named Charles Martel (Charles the Hammer) defeated these Muslims and this made him a hero If the Muslims had been successful in this attack, Islam might have spread into western Europe
15 BATTLE OF TOURS- STOPPED THE MUSLIM ADVANCE INTO WESTERN EUROPE Tours
16 CAROLINGIAN DYNASTY On his deathbed, Charles Martel passed his power to his son, Pepin the Short Pepin wanted to be King. On behalf of the church, he agreed to fight the Lombards who were threatening Rome The Pope anointed Pepin king by the grace of God This began the Carolingian dynasty, which ruled the Franks from 751 to 987 CE
17 CHARLEMAGNE King Pepin died in 768, and his son Charles became king in 771 King Charles was known as Charlemagne Charlemagne built an empire larger than any since Ancient Rome He fought Muslims in Spain and tribes from other Germanic kingdoms Through these conquests, he also spread Christianity By 800, he had the largest kingdom in western Europe
18 CHARLEMAGNE ROMAN EMPEROR In 800 CE, Charlemagne traveled to Rome to put down a mob who had attacked the Pope To thank him, the Pope gave him the title of Roman Emperor This event signaled the joining of Germanic power, the church, and the heritage of the Roman Empire The reign and rule of Charlemagne paved the way for the development of modern Europe
19 CHARLEMAGNE S HEIRS A year before Charlemagne died in 814, he crowned his son emperor Louis was not an effective ruler, who had three sons; who fought each other for control of the empire They ended up signing the Treaty of Verdun, which divided the empire into three kingdoms The Carolingians lost power and the lack of a strong ruler led to a new system of governing and landholding: feudalism
20 REVIEW 1. Where is the town of Tours located? 2. What is significant about the battle of Tours in 732? 3. Who, by the year 800, had the largest empire in western Europe? 4. What motivated the Pope to give that individual the title of Roman Emperor?
21 BELLRINGER 1. What did Charles Martel and his army stop at the battle of Tours in 732 CE? 2. What was Charles Martel s nickname? 3. What was the significance of Charlemagne being given the title Roman Emperor by the Pope? 4. What dynasty ruled in modern-day France from CE? 5. After the rule of the this dynasty, what system developed in western Europe?
22 UNIT 6 In this unit we will learn about and analyze European Medieval society with regard to culture, politics, and economics.
23 INVADERS ATTACK WESTERN EUROPE From about 800 to 1000 CE, invasions destroyed the Carolingian empire Muslim invaders seized Sicily and raided Rome Vikings from the north, a Germanic people, worshiped war-like gods and took pride in nicknames like Eric Bloodaxe and Thorfinn Skullsplitter Viking warships could hold 300 warriors, who took turns rowing 72 oars, and were designed to row in a mere 3 feet of water
24 FEUDALISM Feudal system based on rights and obligations A Lord (landowner) granted a fief (land) to a vassal (person receiving fief) Structure of feudal society: King Church official, Nobles Knights Peasants Most peasants were serfs, people who could not lawfully leave the place they were born
25 MANORS The Manor was the Lord s estate The Lord provided the serfs with housing, farmland, and protection from bandits In return, the serfs tended the Lord s land, cared for his animals, and maintained the estate
26 SELF-CONTAINED WORLD Peasants rarely traveled more than 25 miles from their manor Typically consisted of Lord s house, church, and workshops Streams and ponds provided fish, and the mill for grinding grain was usually located on the stream Serfs or peasants usually raised or produced everything needed for daily life
27 KNIGHTS: WARRIORS ON HORSEBACK By 11 th century, western Europe was a battleground of warring nobles trying to gain more power To defend their territories and gain more territory, Lords raised private armies of knights Lords rewarded knights by giving them fiefs A knights main obligation was to serve in battle Knights spent much of their time training for war, wrestling, and hunting
28 KNIGHTS: WARRIORS Knights lived by a code called Chivalry A knight was expected to be devoted to his feudal lord, his heavenly Lord, and his chosen lady Knights were also expected to protect the weak and poor Sons of nobles trained for knighthood beginning at the age of 7 The boy would become a page, then a squire, and around the age of 21 he would become a knight
29 GO TO PAGE 366 IN YOUR BOOK
30 REVIEW 1. From 800 to 1000 CE, what locations did Muslims attack? 2. Describe Viking Warships. 3. List the structure of feudal society. 4. What was life like for a serf in medieval society? 5. What were the steps to knighthood?
31 BELLRINGER 1. How would you describe the Vikings, and what other names were they known by? 2. What was the feudal system based on during the Middle Ages? 3. Describe a typical Manor during the Middle Ages. 4. What did Lord s do to protect their territory and gain more territory? 5. At what age did a young boy leave his home to eventually become a knight?
32 UNIT 6 In this unit we will learn about and analyze European Medieval society with regard to culture, politics, and economics.
33 THE CHURCH AND STATE IN THE MIDDLE AGES Around 500 CE, Pope Gelasius I recognized that conflicts could arise between the two great forcesthe church and the state He believed that the pope should bow to the king in political matters, and that the king should bow to the pope in spiritual matters The Pope was/is the head of the church All clergy (bishops and priests) fall under his authority All Christians subject to canon law, in matters such as marriage and religious practices
34 HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE 936 CE- The most effective ruler of medieval Germany was a man named Otto the Great, who also formed a close alliance with the church Following in Charlemagne s footsteps, Otto also invaded Italy on the Pope s behalf In 962 CE, the Pope rewarded Otto by crowning him emperor The empire created by Otto became known as the Holy Roman Empire
35 HENRY IV AND GREGORY VII Lay Investiture- ceremony in which kings and nobles appointed church officials Whoever controlled lay investiture held the power in naming Bishops, influential clergy that kings sought to control 1075 CE- Pope Gregory VII bans lay investiture The German emperor, King Henry IV, called for a meeting of German bishops he had appointed King Henry IV ordered Pope Gregory VII to step down
36 HENRY IV AND GREGORY VII Pope Gregory VII excommunicates King Henry IV, and some German princes sided with the Pope To save his throne, Henry IV crosses the snowy Alps to beg the Pope s forgiveness The Pope kept the king waiting for three days in the snow before ending his excommunication
37 CONCORDAT OF WORMS The successors of King Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII continued to fight over lay investitures 1122 CE- representatives from the church and emperor meet in the German city of Worms to compromise on the issue This compromise became known as the Concordat of Worms The Church alone could appoint a Bishop, but the Emperor could veto the appointment
38 UNIT SIX ART CHOICES Charlemagne p.357 European Feudalism p.361 Japanese Feudalism p.361 Chivalry p.365 Inquisition Torture scene p.385 Coronation of Philip II p.396 Triumph of Death p.399 Longbow p.402
39 MEDIEVAL TOPIC PROFILES 1. Battle of Tours 2. Charlemagne 3. Vikings 4. Medieval Weaponry and Knights 5. Feudalism 6. Manorial System 7. Crusades 8. Role of the Church Using the topics on the left, create a mini poster. This mini poster needs to illustrate and explain in detail the topic given. Poster needs to have: Title Describe topic in detail Use Pictures Maps (if relevant)
41 REVIEW Amendment I. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. 1. Why is the separation of church and state (government) necessary within a nation? In one paragraph (4-5 sentences) explain why this separation is necessary.
42 BELLRINGER 1. How did Pope Gelasius I feel about mixing religion with government? 2. What empire was established when Otto I was named Emperor by the Pope? 3. What was lay investiture? 4. There was a showdown between Pope Gregory VII and King Henry IV- who won? 5. What agreement was reached with the Concordat of Worms?
43 UNIT 6 In this unit we will learn about and analyze European Medieval society with regard to culture, politics, and economics.
44 THE CRUSADES The growth of Christianity and Islam presented challenges Byzantine Emperor asks for help regarding Muslims who threaten his capitol, Constantinople Pope Urban II calls for a holy war or Crusade to regain control of Holy Land 1099 CE- Crusaders from all over Europe attacked the city of Jerusalem for over a month, and captured the city
45 CRUSADES MAP
46 REASONS CRUSADES ARE LAUNCHED Muslims were attacking Europe, and controlled lands important to Christians Muslims were blocking pilgrimage routes for Christians Pope wanted to reclaim Palestine and reunite Christendom Kings and the Church saw Crusades as an opportunity to get rid of quarrelsome knights, who threatened peace
47 SECOND CRUSADE In the 1 st Crusade the Crusaders had won a narrow strip of land, about 650 miles Four feudal Crusader states were carved out of this territory, each ruled by a European noble Edessa, under Crusader control, was reconquered by the Turks (Muslims) The Second Crusade was organized to retake Edessa, but the Crusaders were defeated Jerusalem was taken back by Turkish leader Saladin
48 THIRD CRUSADE Third Crusade to retake Jerusalem was led by three of Europe s most powerful monarchs Richard the Lionheart ended up leading the Crusaders in the attempt to retake the Holy Land from Saladin Both Richard the Lionheart and Saladin were great leaders and warriors 1192 CE- The two arrived at a truce: Jerusalem would remain under Muslim control, but unarmed Christian pilgrims could visit the Holy Places
49 RECONQUISTA In Spain, Muslims (Moors) controlled most of the country until the 1100 s The Reconquista was a long effort by the Spanish to drive the Muslims out of Spain The last Muslim kingdom of Granada falls to the Christian army of Ferdinand and Isabella, Spanish monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella expelled all practicing Jews and Muslims out of Spain
50 SPANISH INQUISITION To unify Spain under Christianity, Ferdinand and Isabella made use of the Inquisition The Inquisition was a court held by the Church to suppress heresy A person suspected of heresy might be questioned for weeks or tortured Once a suspect confessed, they were often burned at the stake
51 THE EFFECTS OF THE CRUSADES Trade increased between East and West, benefitted both Muslims and Christians Increased the power of Kings; decreased power of feudal nobles Thousands of knights lost their lives and fortunes Fall of Constantinople weakened the Byzantine Empire Increased tensions between Muslims and Christians
52 REVIEW 1. In what year did Muhammad receive the revelation from the angel Gabriel, and in what year did Pope Urban II call for a crusade to reclaim the Holy Land? 2. Name one positive aspect of the crusades, and one negative aspect. 3. What can we learn from this event in history?
53 EUROPE-14 TH CENTURY MAP Page 377- Draw boundaries and label: Portugal, Castile, Aragon, Aquitaine, France, Holy Roman Empire, Venice, Genoa, Papal States, Kingdom of Naples, Bosnia, Serbian States, Byzantine Empire, Bulgarian States, Wallachia, Hungary, Poland, Lithuania, Russian Principalities, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, England, Scotland, Ireland Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Adriatic Sea, Baltic Sea, Atlantic Ocean London, Calais, Orleans, Cordoba, Rome, Constantinople, Kiev, Novograd
54 BELLRINGER In a paragraph, discuss the crusades. What was the reason for the Pope s call to reclaim the Holy Land? Why were many kings of Europe interested? Who won the first crusade? Who won the second crusade? Who won the third crusade? What were some of the effects of this event in history?
55 UNIT 6 In this unit we will learn about and analyze European Medieval society with regard to culture, politics, and economics.
56 THE GUILDS Artisans such as wheelwrights, glassmakers, winemakers, tailors, and druggists began craft guilds Guilds set standards for quality of work, wages, and working conditions
57 THE GUILDS Apprentice- lived with master, required to obey master, trained 2-7 years, not allowed to marry, progressed to Journeyman Journeyman- worked for a master, needed to produce masterpiece to become master, had to be accepted by the guild Master- owned his own shop, worked with other masters to protect trade
58 MEDIEVAL TOWNS Expansion of trade and business lead to Commercial Revolution Population of western Europe rises, leading to rise in towns and cities As trade grew, towns all over Europe swelled with people Towns and cities dirty Streets narrow, filled with animals and waste Most people didn t bathe regularly, lacked running water Houses were fire hazards
59 THE DIVINE COMEDY Written by Dante Alighieri ( ), born in Florence, Italy Consisted of three books: Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso Inferno depicts an allegorical journey through hell In Inferno, there are 9 circles of Hell, each level designated for specific sins Dante travels with Virgil, a great Roman poet, through the circles of hell to eventually reach heaven- where Dante s wife is Characters they meet: Lucifer, King Minos, Pope Boniface VIII, Ulysses, Judas Iscariot, Cassius, Brutus
60 THE DIVINE COMEDY BY DANTE
61 THE CANTERBURY TALES Written by Geoffrey Chaucer between CE Served England in Hundred-Years War as a soldier and diplomat Chaucer also lived through the Black Death Consists of 24 tales, as told through different characters Story begins at an English Inn, where the narrator joins the company of 29 pilgrims, who are traveling to the shrine of Saint Thomas Becket in Canterbury The pilgrims include a knight, squire, yeoman, monk, carpenter, miller, wife, summoner, pardoner to name a few
62 MEDIEVAL TOPIC PROFILES 1. Gothic Architecture 2. Guilds 3. Bubonic Plague 4. Hundred Years War 5. Battle of Hastings 6. Dante s Inferno and Chaucer s Canterbury Tales 7. Magna Carta Using the topics on the left, create a mini poster. This mini poster needs to illustrate and explain in detail the topic given. Poster needs to have: Title Describe topic in detail Use Pictures Maps (if relevant)
63 REVIEW 1. Describe the purpose and benefit of the Guilds. 2. What was life like in towns and cities during the Middle Ages? 3. What war did Geoffrey Chaucer fight in, and what plague did he live through? 4. Where was the writer Dante from? 5. Name 5 of the pilgrims from the Canterbury Tales.
64 POP QUIZ- ANSWER QUESTIONS How many circles (levels) of hell are in Dante s Inferno? Also, which level was the worst? 2. Name the three levels of the Guild System. 3. What two historical events did Geoffrey Chaucer live through? 4. In the Pardoner s Tale (the story I told you), what kills the three friends? 5. What city was Dante from?
65 BELLRINGER 1. Describe life in a typical medieval town in western Europe. 2. What works of literature are Dante and Chaucer best known for? 3. What are the three phases within the Guild system? 4. Who are some of the characters in Dante s writings? 5. In the Pardoners tale, what ends up killing the three friends?
66 UNIT 6 In this unit we will learn about and analyze European Medieval society with regard to culture, politics, and economics.
67 ENGLAND For centuries, invaders from various regions in Europe landed on English shores Angles and Saxons stayed, bringing their own ways and creating an Anglo-Saxon culture In the 800 s, Britain was battered by fierce raids of Danish Vikings God, deliver us from the fury of the Northmen. Only Anglo-Saxon king Alfred the Great was able to turn back the Viking invaders
68 ENGLAND Gradually, Alfred the Great and his successors united the kingdom under one rule They called it England, land of the Angles In 1042 Edward the Confessor, a descendent of Alfred, became king Edward died in 1066 without an heir This led to a power struggle for the English throne, between three people
69 WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR William, Duke of Normandy, was promised the English throne when Edward died Because he believed the English throne rightly belonged to him, William crossed the English channel from Normandy and invaded England with a Norman army William s rival was Harold Godwinson, who had claimed the English throne after the death of Edward Harold was equally ambitious and wanted to keep his throne, but was facing attacks from multiple people
70 BATTLE OF HASTINGS October 14, William s army and Harold s Anglo- Saxon army meet near Hastings, in southern England The Battle of Hastings changed the course of English history King Harold was killed in this battle with an arrow in the eye, and the Normans won a decisive victory William kept roughly 1/5 of all English land for himself and gave land to Norman Lords who swore oaths of loyalty to him William unified control of the land and laid the foundation for centralized govt in England
71 BATTLE OF HASTINGS England English Channel Normandy
72 JURIES AND COMMON LAW Henry II- English king who ruled from Strengthened royal courts by sending royal judges to every part of England once a year Introduced the use of the Jury Over time, English judges formed a unified body of law known as Common Law Common Law- basis for law in many English speaking countries, including United States
73 KING HENRY II, KING RICHARD, KING JOHN Henry II was succeeded by his son Richard the Lionheart When Richard died, his brother John became king of England John ruled from 1199 to 1216, and failed as a military leader He lost Normandy and all lands in northern France to Philip II of France John was also cruel to his subjects and raised taxes to an all-time high to pay for his wars All of this forced a confrontation with his nobles
74 MAGNA CARTA (GREAT CHARTER) June 15, King John signs the Magna Carta Guarantees certain basic political rights, limited the King s power No taxation without representation Trial by jury Protection under the law Led to creation of Parliament: Knights and Burgesses= House of Commons, Nobles and Bishops=House of Lords
75 MAGNA CARTA
76 REVIEW Explain what led up to the signing of the Magna Carta and why this event was significant in World History.
77 BELLRINGER 1. Why was England a favorite target of the Vikings? 2. What prayer did the Saxons and Angles pray because of the wrath of these invaders? 3. Why did William the Conqueror raise an army, cross the English Channel, and attack King Harold of England? 4. What English King introduced the Jury, and which signed the Magna Carta? 5. How many years were there between the battle of Hastings and the signing of the Magna Carta?
78 UNIT 6 In this unit we will learn about and analyze European Medieval society with regard to culture, politics, and economics.
79 FRANCE After the breakup of Charlemagne s empire, France was divided into about 47 feudal territories 987 CE- The last Carolingian ruler, Louis the Sluggard, died Hugh Capet succeeded him, beginning the Capetian dynasty The Capetian dynasty would last from 987 to 1328 Hugh Capet was king over a small territory, but at its center stood the city of Paris
80 CAPETIAN DYNASTY Hugh Capet, his son, and his grandson were weak rulers Philip II- also known as Philip Augustus, was a powerful Capetian king who ruled from 1180 to 1223 As a child, Philip watched his father lose French land to England s King Henry II When Philip reached the age of 15, he set out to weaken the power of the English kings Philip II was crafty and did whatever was necessary to achieve his goals
81 ESTATES-GENERAL In France, there were three estates The three estates would vote on issues similar to the English Parliament or U.S. Congress First Estate- Church leaders make up First Estate Second Estate- Great Lords and Nobility make up Second Estate Third Estate- commoners, wealthy landowners, merchants make up Third Estate
82 BUBONIC PLAGUE (BLACK DEATH) Plague began in Asia It affected Asia, the Muslim world, and Europe fleet of trade ships arrived in Sicily carrying plague Got its name from purplish and blackish spots it produced on the skin The decease swept through Italy. From there it followed trade routes to Spain, France, Germany, England, and North Africa
83 BLACK DEATH The horse-riding Mongols likely carried fleas and rats in their food supplies as they swooped into China The disease came with merchants along the trade routes of Asia to southern Asia, southwest Asia, and Africa In , A Mongol army besieged Caffa. A year later, Italian merchants returned to Italy, unknowingly bringing the plague with them
84 EFFECTS OF THE BLACK DEATH Killed about 1/3 population Europe Killed 2/3 population some areas of China Town populations fell Trade declined; prices rose Jews were blamed; many driven from homes or killed Church suffered; people had less faith
85 REVIEW 1. What French dynasty lasted from CE? 2. What city was at the center of the territory ruled by Hugh Capet? 3. What did Philip Augustus set out to do at the age of 15? 4. What was the Estates-General in France? 5. How much of the European population died as a result of the Bubonic Plague? 6. What impact did the plague have on the church?
86 BELLRINGER 1. Who was the last Carolingian ruler, and what dynasty took the French throne after his death? 2. Why did Philip Augustus of France dislike the English? 3. What would the Estates-General in France be comparable to in England and the United States? 4. Name the three estates, what each group represented, and how much of the population each group represented. 5. Where did the Bubonic Plague originate? 6. Why was the plague also called the Black Death? 7. How much of the population of Europe died as a result of the plague, and what impact did it have on Christianity?
87 UNIT 6 In this unit we will learn about and analyze European Medieval society with regard to culture, politics, and economics.
88 HUNDRED YEARS WAR Between England and France, fought on French soil Takes place from CE Fought over the French throne War was launched by England s King Edward III (who was also grandson of France s King Philip IV) Victory went back and forth between the two countries
89 HUNDRED YEARS WAR Longbow gave the English an advantage 1346 CE- In the battle of Crecy, the English were outnumbered 3 to 1 English longbowmen (archers) fired thousands of arrows at the oncoming French The retreating French trampled their own archers in an effort to not lose their lives As the English got closer they began attacking the French with their long knives
90 JOAN OF ARC The French signed a treaty with the English declaring that Henry V would inherit the throne after the death of French king Charles VI a 13 year old peasant girl named Joan of Arc began having visions Joan felt moved by God to rescue France from its English conquerors May 7, Joan leads the French army into battle at a fort city named Orleans
91 JOAN OF ARC After a hard fought battle, the French retreated in despair Suddenly, Joan of Arc and a few soldiers charged back towards the fort The entire French army stormed after her, and broke the siege of the fort- and the French won the battle Joan captured in battle by the English The same king she helped to the throne (Charles VII), did nothing to rescue her May 30, Condemned as a witch and heretic, she was burned at the stake
92 IMPACT OF HUNDRED YEARS WAR Feeling of nationalism emerged in France and England Power and prestige of French monarch increased English fought War of the Roses, a fight between two noble houses who wanted the throne
93 REVIEW 1. Between what two countries was the Hundred-Years War fought, where, and why? 2. What weapon gave the English an advantage in the war? 3. What kind of visions did Joan or Arc have, and what did this lead her to do? 4. How did the King of France respond to news of Joan s capture, and what happened to Joan?
The Formation of Western Europe, 800 500 The Formation of Western Europe, 800 500 Europeans embark on the Crusades, develop new commercial and political systems, and suffer through bubonic plague and the
AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, HUNDRED YEARS WAR, AND THE PLAGUE CENTRAL GOV T OF ROME FALLS APART FAIRLY QUICKLY NORMAL LIFE DISAPPEARS: LOSS OF SAFETY, SERVICES, LAWS,
Chapter 13 Reading Guide: European Middle Ages 500-1200 Name Hour Section 1: Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms (P. 353) 1. What were the Middle Ages? Invasions of Western Europe 2. Germanic invaders
Chapter 13 Reading Guide: European Middle Ages 500-1200 Section 1: Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms (P. 353) 1. What were the Middle Ages? Name: Hour Invasions of Western Europe 2. Germanic invaders
AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR CENTRAL GOV T OF ROME FALLS APART FAIRLY QUICKLY NORMAL LIFE DISAPPEARS: LOSS OF SAFETY, SERVICES, LAWS,
Name Study Guide: The Middle Ages ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE: The European Middle Ages occur chronologically between the Roman Empire and the modern age that we live in. The Middle Ages are divided into three
A crown from the Holy Roman Empire. Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together. Priests and other religious officials
Chapter 13 Notes Western Europe in the Middle Ages Middle Ages 500-1500 The Middle Ages are also called the Medieval Period. The foundations of early medieval society were: Classical heritage of Rome Christian
The Later Middle Ages Section 1 MAIN IDEAS 1. Popes and kings ruled Europe as spiritual and political leaders. 2. Popes fought for power, leading to a permanent split within the church. 3. Kings and popes
Unit 6 Lesson 1 Charlemagne & Feudalism 1. After the fall of Rome, the migrations of Germanic peoples created several Germanic kingdoms in Europe. 2. The Franks had the strongest of these kingdoms, and
World History (Survey) Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe, 800 1500 Section 1: Church Reform and the Crusades Beginning in the 1000s, a new sense of spiritual feeling arose in Europe, which led
European Middle Ages, 500-1200 Charlemagne unites the Germanic kingdoms, the feudal system emerges, and the Church strongly influences the lives of people in Europe. European Middle Ages, 500-1200 SECTION
Lesson 3 The Growth of European Kingdoms ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS How can changes to political systems impact economic activities? How is society influenced by changes in political and economic systems? Reading
CHAPTER 8 TEST LATE MIDDLE AGES 1. William the Conqueror earned his title by a. repelling the Danish invaders from England. b. defeating the Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld. c. leading the Normans to
Due Date: Chapter 9 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Transforming the Roman World (pages 285-290) I. THE NEW GERMANIC KINGDOMS Name: 1. What did the Germanic Ostrogoths and Visigoths retain from the
Review: Early Middle Ages 500-1000 Catholic Church pope Monasticism Charlemagne Feudalism or Manorialism Lords (nobles) Knights (vassals) Serfs/peasants code of chivalry Emperor Justinian Eastern (Greek)
Chapter 10, Lesson 3 Kingdoms & Crusades It Matters Because: The development of law & government during the Middle Ages still affects us today. I. Royal Power in England A. Late 800s, Viking raids nearly
Unit 9: Early Middle Ages Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.9 The student will demonstrate knowledge of Western Europe during the Middle Ages from about 500 to 1000 AD in terms of its impact on Western Civilization
Medieval Times: Rise of Kings Date Rise of English Monarchs - During the Early Middle Ages, with no powerful government in place, the people and powers of the West faced constant challenges from invasion,
Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: Royal Power Grows Monarchs, nobles, and the Church all struggled for power. As monarchs amassed power, the foundations for modern law were laid. Section 2: The
Module 5: Church and Society in Western Europe Lesson 1: The Power of the Church Church Hierarchy Pope, Archbishops, & Bishops Lords & Knights Authority of the Church All people are Only way to avoid hell
13.1 Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms Many Germanic kingdoms that succeeded the Roman Empire are reunited under Charlemagne s empire. Invasions of Western Europe Effects of Constant Invasions and Warfare
Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Dark Ages - the Age of Feudalism Medieval Europe began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD. With the destruction of Roman civilization,
Name: Period: Date: Chapter 18 The Later Middle Ages Study Guide Popes and Kings Rule Europe Section 1 Popes and Kings After Feudalism in Europe two types of leaders came to power, who were they and what
Bell Activity page 105 Think about the difference between renting and owning property. Do renters have as much control over property as owners? Why might some people want to buy a home rather than rent
Middle Ages World History Era of relative peace and stability Population growth Cultural developments in education and art Kings, nobles, and the Church shared power Developed tax systems and government
Name CHAPTER 13 Section 1 (pages 353 357) Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about Southeast Asian kingdoms and Korean dynasties. In this section, you will
European Middle Ages, 500 1200 Charlemagne unites the Germanic kingdoms, the feudal system emerges, and the Church strongly influences the lives of people in Europe. King Charlemagne, in style of Albrecht
World History Midterm Review Unit 3A Middle Ages in Europe 1. In Feudal times, how did the Roman Catholic Church and much of society view women? A. They believed women should have the right to vote. B.
Chapter 10: Medieval Kingdoms in Europe, 800 1300 Lesson 3: The Growth of European Kingdoms World History Bell Ringer #45 1-12-18 1. How did craft guilds improve economic conditions in cities? A. Encouraged
Medieval Europe 500-1350 Dark Ages 500 800 High Middle Ages 800 1350 The German Kingdoms Romans loyal to Rome vs. Germans loyal to local war chiefs Romans speak Latin Germans speak German. German law based
The European Middle Ages What happened to the Roman Empire? By the end of the 5 th century, Germanic invaders had destroyed the Roman Empire This led to Disruption of trade Downfall of cities Population
Chapter 9, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 9 The High Middle Ages (1050 1450) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights
Medieval Europe & the Western Church AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) The order of the old Roman Empire in the west had fallen to Germanic barbarians (things in the east continued on through
Questions 1. How powerful was the Roman Catholic Church? 2. What were the Crusades? 3. What caused the Crusades? 4. Why was the First Crusade unsuccessful? 5. Which Muslim leader took over Jerusalem during
Chapter 14 Section 4 The Church Divided The Bubonic Plague The Hundred Years War Chapter 14 Section 4 Innocent III 1198-1216 Height of Church Power Weakens Power shifting of Kings and Strong government
Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Chapter 9, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 9 The High Middle Ages
Middle Ages WHAT WERE THE CULTURAL, SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND POLITICAL STRUCTURES OF MEDIEVAL EUROPE? Invasions of Western Europe Germanic invasions overran the western half of the Roman Empire As a result
The Middle Ages The Basics When? What? (fall of Roman Empire) - Between 400-600, small kingdoms replaced provinces - Germans? How did that happen? Impact of Germanic Invasions Concept of Government Changes
SSWH 7 Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics. SSWH 7 A Explain the manorial system and feudal relationships, include: the status of peasants and feudal
The Normans Viking Settlers The Viking Age spanned the late 8 th to the late 11 th century During this time, Vikings from Scandinavia explored Europe by its oceans and rivers for trade and plunder By the
Section Quiz 9-1 DIRECTIONS: Matching Match each item in with an item in. 1. lived in convents 2. fine paid by a wrongdoer 3. religious pratice of monks 4. bishop of Rome 5. Charles the Great A. wergild
England and France in the Middle Ages Who ruled the Frankish Empire in this map of 814? What was the Treaty of Verdun? What problems resulted from this Treaty? Look at these maps of Europe after Charlemagne's
Chapter 7: Medieval- middle age While the Byzantines prospered, the old Western empire fell into the Dark Ages. Germanic tribes snatched up what was the Roman Empire between 400-700 AD They include Vandals,
Islamic court decision, seventeenth century whenever cotton yarn comes the aforementioned arrives, pays an extra price, and takes it from its owner, and the other weavers remain deprived of yarn. As of
Medieval Europe AD 476 is the accepted date for the transition for the Classical, or Ancient, World to the Medieval World. The fall of Rome resulted in three main cultural groups: The Byzantine Empire,
Medieval Matters: The Middle Age 400-1500 The Roman Empire Falls (376) and Western World Ignites DYK - Son of a Gun - Comes from the Medieval Knights view that firearms were evil Byzantine Empire Eastern
Name CHAPTER 13 Section 1 (pages 353 357) Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about Southeast Asian kingdoms and Korean dynasties. In this section, you will
Church Reform and the Crusades THE AGE OF FAITH--What changes did the Church undergo? Starting in the 1000s, a new age of spiritual feeling arose in Europe. This era was called The Age of Faith. It led
High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades) Christianity During the Middle Ages Because of the renewal of Christian faith around 1000 CE, the Middle Ages gains a new
Key Periods of the Middle Ages Middle Ages (500 1400 CE) A period in European history between the Fall of Rome and the or Medieval Period Renaissance dominated by the influences of the Catholic Church,
Primary Source Analysis Find the two remaining documents from yesterday s document packet Let s look at Francisco Pizarro s Journal Turn in to homework box when finished Tonight s reading Pgs 149-151 and
Middle Ages: Feudalism - Study Guide - -Franks and Charlemagne - 1. List all names for the Middle Ages. 2. What did Charles The Hammer Martel do? 3. Explain Charlemagne s accomplishments. 4. Explain the
Middle Ages = European history between the fall of the Roman Empire (476) and the Modern Era (1450) Also called the Medieval Period ( Medium is Latin for Middle; aevum is Latin for age) Early Middle Ages
Focus Question: What impact did the Black Death have on the society and economy of Europe? Opposing Viewpoints: Causes of the Black Death: Contemporary Views pg 302 1. What were the different explanations
Chapter 10: From the Crusades to the New Muslim Empires Guiding Question: How did the Crusades affect the lives of Christians, Muslims, and Jews? Name: Due Date: Period: Overview: The Crusades were a series
Name: Date: Block: Nation States: England and France The Development of Nation-States in Europe During the Middle Ages invasions by the Angles, Saxons, Magyars, Vikings, and Mongols disrupted social, economic
World History Outline Part II The Medieval World B. Medieval Civilization (Latin: Middle Ages Era of transition between ancient and modern times; from about A.D. 500 to 1500; broken into Early Middle Ages
William the Conqueror 1027 1087 WHY HE MADE HISTORY William the Conqueror became one of the greatest kings of England. His conquests greatly affected the history of both England and Western Europe. how
UNIT 3: EMPIRES OF FAITH Medieval Europe Notes I. Post-Roman Western Europe A. people began moving into Roman territory in the third century AD. a. By 500 AD the Western Roman Empire had fallen. b. Germans
Chapter 7: Early Middle Ages (751-1100) 1. INTRODUCTION The Merovingians were replaced in 751 by the Carolingians,, from the kingdom of Austrasia. Their most famous king was Charles the Great (Charlemagne))
Name Due Date: Chapter 10 Reading Guide A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe The postclassical period in Western Europe, known as the Middle Ages, stretches between the fall of the Roman Empire
In the days after the death of Charles the Great, while his grandsons and their sons were fighting over his lands, the Northmen or Danes whom he had dreaded so much were sail ing the seas and attacking
Medieval Europe Timeline Cards ISBN: 978-1-68380-006-4 Subject Matter Expert Bradley Mollmann Illustration and Photo Credits Title Martin Hargreaves Chapter 1 Martin Jung/imageBROKER / imagebroker Chapter
Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe Section 1: The Early Middle Age I. Geography of Western Europe A. Location 1. Second smallest land area of the seven continent 2. Lies on the western end of Eurasia (Portugal
Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages, 1000 1500 Lesson 2: The Crusades World History Bell Ringer #48 1-23-18 1. Born to a wealthy merchant family, Francis of Assisi A. Used his social status
State Formation in Western Europe (Chapters 17 and 20) The Middle Ages Clarification Western Europe (500-1500 CE) = The Middle Ages) 500-1000 CE = the Medieval Period; The Dark Ages Much of Roman Civilization
UNIT 3: MIDDLE AGES STUDY GUIDE I can explain how feudalism worked and why it emerged in the Middle Ages DIRECTIONS: Use the word bank below to fill in the Pyramid Pope/church, Kings, Nobles, Merchants/craftsmen,
Timeline I. Medieval Europe A. After the Roman Empire collapsed, western Europe was ruled by Germanic tribes. B. By the 4 th century, the Catholic Church became more powerful. The church was (is) organized
A J T L Grades 5 and up TruthQuest History Middle Ages Maps, Timeline & Report Package A Journey Through Learning www.ajourneythroughlearning.com Copyright 2011 A Journey Through Learning 1 Please check
The Middle Ages: 500-1450 AD AD World History Middle Ages, Renaissance, Reforma@on Unit Standards SSWH7: The student will analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and
Lesson 1 The Early Middle Ages ESSENTIAL QUESTION Why does conflict develop? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did geography shape life in Europe after the fall of Rome? 2. How did Germanic groups build kingdoms
Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: The Early Middle Ages The Roman empire was replaced by smaller Germanic kingdoms. When Charlemagne aided Pope Leo III in 799, he was crowned Emperor of the Romans
Set up a new TOC for the 2 nd 6 weeks Our new unit: The Post-Classical Era (approximately) 500-1500 Areas of Focus: Medieval Europe, the Byzantine Empire, the Islamic Empire, Tang & Song China Vocab Quiz:
Europe in the Middle Ages Unit 6 Unit Standards Part 1 Europe in the Middle Ages 7.32 Identify the physical location and features of Europe including the Alps, the Ural Mountains, the North European Plain
Chapter 12: Crusades and Culture in the Middle Ages Section 1: Medieval Christianity Papal Monarchy Catholic Church reached its height of its political power in the 13 th century under Pope Innocent III
Student ID: 123 - MAKE SURE YOU BUBBLE THE STUDENT ID ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET Unit 1: Europe Quiz Directions: Read each of the following questions. Based on your knowledge, determine which answer choice best
Objectives Understand why Holy Roman emperors failed to build a unified nation-state in Germany. Describe the conflict between Pope Gregory VII and Emperor Henry IV and summarize the struggle to control
The Early Middle Ages The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings Section Focus After Rome fell the world entered into chaos. Time of warfare, violence, and religion. Time period known as
EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD The slaw decline of the Roman Empire marked the beginning of a new era in European history. This period is called the Middle Ages. It lasted from around 500 to 1500.
click here to go to the courses home Нажав на page Feudalism Kate Yakovleva Culture Course Although William was now crowned king, his conquest had only just begun, and the fighting lasted for another five
CHAPTER 8 Medieval Europe Clovis, King of the Franks, converted to Christianity near the end of the fifth century. He converted because his wife kept begging him to do so, and because he wanted the help
The Rise of Europe Chapter 7 The Early Middle Ages 500-1500 A.D. The Dark Ages Waves of Invaders Trade slowed Towns emptied Lack of education Political division The Rise of the Germanic Kingdoms The Goths,
What We Need to Know: Political Changes in Europe Causes of the Decline of Feudalism The Bubonic Plague The 100 Year s War The Crusades 3 English kings make Political Changes Causes of the Decline of Feudalism