1 INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLICISM (PART II) As we continue the introduction to Catholicism, we will next notice the Catholic Churches teaching about their source of authority. Mr. Most explains the position on the authoritative teaching ability of the Catholic Church: By the Magisterium we mean the teaching office of the Church. It consists of the Pope and Bishops. Christ promised to protect the teaching of the Church : "He who hears you, hears me; he who rejects your rejects me, he who rejects me, rejects Him who sent me" (Luke ). Now of course the promise of Christ cannot fail: hence when the Church presents some doctrine as definitive or final, it comes under this protection, it cannot be in error; in other words, it is infallible. This is true even if the Church does not use the solemn ceremony of definition. The day to day teaching of the Church throughout the world, when the Bishops are in union with each other and with the Pope, and present something as definitive, this is infallible. (Vatican II, Lumen gentium # 25). It was precisely by the use of that authority that Vatican I was able to define that the Pope alone, when speaking as such and making things definitive, is also infallible. Of course this infallibility covers also teaching on what morality requires, for that is needed for salvation. A "theologian" who would claim he needs to be able to ignore the Magisterium in order to find the truth is strangely perverse: the teaching of the Magisterium is the prime, Godgiven means of finding the truth. Nor could he claim academic freedom lets him contradict the Church. In any field of knowledge, academic freedom belongs only to a properly qualified professor teaching in his own field. But one is not properly qualified if he does not use the correct method of working in his field, e.g., a science professor who would want to go back to medieval methods would be laughed off campus, not protected. Now in Catholic theology, the correct method is to study the sources of revelation, but then give the final word to the Church. He who does not follow that method is not a qualified Catholic theologian. Vatican II taught (Dei Verbum # 10): "The task of authoritatively interpreting the word of God, whether written or handed on [Scripture or Tradition], has been entrusted exclusively to the living Magisterium of the Church, whose authority is exercised in the name of Jesus Christ" ( In addition to what has already been stated, Mr. Most goes on to summarize the Catholic position on the church and Salvation. The Church is sometimes called the universal sacrament of salvation. That use of the word sacrament is broad, not strict. It is true in as much as the Church is the divinely instituted means of giving grace to all. But the Church is not a visible rite - it rather confers these visible rites which we call the seven Sacraments. 1
2 2 From the fact that the Church is God's means of giving grace, is it is clear that there is no salvation outside the Catholic Church. This truth has even been defined by the Church more than once, e.g., in the Council of Florence in However we must take care to understand this teaching the way the Church understands it. We just saw that the Church claims the exclusive authority to interpret both Scripture and Tradition. So one like Leonard Feeney who interprets the teaching on the necessity of the Church his own way is not acting like a Catholic theologian at all. The Holy Office, on August 8, 1949, declared that L. Feeney was guilty of this error. Because of his error, he rejected several teachings of the Magisterium, saying they clashed with this definition - but they clash only with his false interpretation, given in private judgment. Pius IX (Quanto conficiamur moerore, August 10, 1863) taught: "God... in His supreme goodness and clemency, by no means allows anyone to be punished with eternal punishments who does not have the guilt of voluntary fault." Vatican II (Lumen gentium # 16) taught the same: "They who without their own fault do not know of the Gospel of Christ and His Church, but yet seek God with sincere heart, and try, under the influence of grace, to carry out His will in practice, known to them through the dictate of conscience, can attain eternal salvation." Pius XII had said (Mystici Corporis Christi) that one can "be related to the Church by a certain desire and wish of which he is not aware", i.e., by the desire to do what God wills in general. Precisely how does this work out? We saw on our very first page that St. Paul insists (Romans 3:29) that God makes provision in some way for all. We saw that one of the earliest Fathers, St. Justin Martyr (Apology 1:46) said that some, like Socrates could even be Christians because they followed the divine Word. Now St. Justin also said that the Divine Word is in the hearts of all. Then we notice in St. Paul's Romans 2:14-16 that "The gentiles who do not have the law [revealed religion] do by nature the things of the law; they show the work of the law written on their hearts." And according to their response, they will or will not be saved. Clearly, it is this Divine Word, or the Spirit of Christ, the Divine Word, that writes the law on their hearts, i.e., makes known to them what they should do. If they follow that, although they do not know that that is what they are following, yet objectively, they do follow the Logos, the divine Word. And so St. Justin was right in calling them Christians. We can add that St. Paul in Romans 8:9 makes clear that if one has and follows the Spirit of Christ, he "belongs to Christ." But, to belong to Christ is the same as being a member of Christ, and that is the same as being a member of the Church. Not indeed by formal adherence, but yet substantially, enough to satisfy the requirement of substantial membership. Indeed, Vatican II even wrote (LG # 49): "All who belong to Christ, having His Spirit, coalesce into one Church."
3 3 So, St. Paul was right: God does take care of them; St. Justin was right too: they can be Christians without knowing it. Otherwise, God would be sending millions upon millions to hell without giving them any chance at all, if they lived far from places where the Church was known, e.g., in the western hemisphere before That fact that salvation is possible in this way does not mean that there should be no missions or attempts to bring back the Protestants. Richer and more secure means of salvation are to be had with formal explicit adherence to the Catholic Church. Therefore we need to make every effort. In regard to Ecumenism, it is good to keep in mind a rule from Vatican II, in its Decree on Ecumenism (# 11): "It is altogether necessary that the complete doctrine be clearly presented. Nothing is so foreign to true Ecumenism as that false peace-making in which the purity of Catholic doctrine suffers loss, and its true and certain sense is obscured". ( It is important to note that these positions which have been given, using the words of the Catholics themselves, are in contrast to the Biblical teaching on the church and authority. During the following lessons, these points, and others, will be placed under the microscope of God s Word to see their truthfulness. Supplemental Questions and Answers about the Catholic Church (Taken from EWTN Global Catholic Network) The below Questions and Answers are from a Catholic perspective and not a Biblical perspective Which is the one true Church established by Christ? The one true Church established by Christ is the Catholic Church. (a) Many churches which claim to be Christian have broken away from the one true Church established by Jesus Christ. These churches were founded by men who had no authority from God to found a church. (b) Christ intended that there should be only one true Christian Church, for He always spoke of His Church as one.
4 How do we know that the Catholic Church is the one true Church established by Christ? We know that the Catholic Church is the one true Church established by Christ because it alone has the marks of the true Church What do we mean by the marks of the Church? By the marks of the Church we mean certain clear signs by which all men can recognize it as the true Church founded by Jesus Christ. (a) Jesus Christ willed that the true Church should have these marks, which would distinguish it from all false religions What are the chief marks of the Church? The chief marks of the Church are four: It is one, holy, catholic or universal, and apostolic. (a) Sacred Scripture teaches that the one true Church of Christ must have these marks. (b) The marks of the Church are themselves an indication that God guides the Church Why is the Catholic Church one? The Catholic Church is one because all its members, according to the will of Christ, profess the same faith, have the same sacrifice and sacraments, and are united under one and the same visible head, the Pope. (a) Our Divine Savior prayed explicitly that His Church might be one, and He made it one; thus men can recognize it as the true Church. (b) Only the Catholic Church possesses this mark of unity. Various sects, having only fragments of Christianity, are divided in doctrine and practice and recognize no authority but their own judgment, which can easily lead them into error. (c) There are many religious sects which claim to be Christian, but are separated from the unity of Christ by their rejection of the authority invested by Him in the Roman Pontiff, the successor to Saint Peter. (d) Catholics accept all the doctrines of faith and morals which were taught by Our Lord and the apostles and are proposed by the Church for belief and practice. A person who deliberately denies even one of the doctrines of the Church cannot be a Catholic. The Church is one in faith.
5 5 (e) Catholics take part in the same sacrifice of the Mass and accept the same sacraments, although the same language and the same ceremonies are not used by all in the offering of Mass and in the administration of the sacraments. Everywhere the essential parts of the ceremonies are the same and substantially the same words are used in offering Mass. Hence the Church is one in worship. What Christ determined, the Church cannot change. Since Christ, however, did not determine many points of worship in non-essential matters, the Church has the authority to do so. (f) Catholics are subject to their respective bishops who rule them. They must recognize the supreme authority of the Pope in matters of religion. A person who deliberately refuses to accept the legitimate and supreme authority of the Pope and the bishops in matters of religion cannot be a Catholic Why is the Catholic Church holy? The Catholic Church is holy because it was founded by Jesus Christ, who is all-holy, and because it teaches, according to the will of Christ, holy doctrines, and provides the means of leading a holy life, thereby giving holy members to every age. (a) Holiness is a mark of the Church according to the will of Christ, as is evident from the prayer of Christ for His apostles. (b) Even some of the enemies of the Church recognize the holiness of the doctrines which the Church teaches. The efforts of others to prove that the Church is not holy show that they acknowledge holiness as a mark of truth. (c) The lives of the saints, of the martyrs, and of good Catholics prove how effective are the means of grace with which the Church is endowed. Moreover, God has always favored the Catholic Church with miracles. (d) Bad Catholics do not disprove the holiness of the Church since they do not use the means of grace at their disposal. Christ foretold that there would be good and bad members of His Church as we read in the parables of the fishes in the net and the cockle among the wheat Why is the Catholic Church catholic or universal? The Catholic Church is catholic or universal because, destined to last for all time, it never fails to fulfill the divine commandment to teach all nations all the truths revealed by God. (a) Catholicity is a mark of the Church because Christ commissioned His apostles to go forth and make disciples of all nations, and to teach all that He had commanded. Christ further promised to be with them all days, even to the end of time.
6 6 (b) The Church today teaches the same doctrine it received from Christ. It has existed uninterruptedly since the day it was established down to the present time. The Church exists in a more flourishing condition in some nations than in others. It is always trying to preach the gospel to all races and in all places and sends its missioners to the most remote places on earth. (c) Christian sects began later and for the most part exist in only some sections of the world. In trying to accommodate themselves to the changing conditions of the time, they have made changes in the doctrines of Christ without any divine authorization Why is the Catholic Church apostolic? The Catholic Church is apostolic because it was founded by Christ on the apostles and, according to His divine will, has always been governed by their lawful successors. (a) The true Church is apostolic because it is the Church Christ founded upon the apostles, and especially upon Peter whom He called the Rock on which the Church would be built. The supreme power of Saint Peter in the Church has been passed down through the unbroken line of his successors in the see of Rome How do we know that no other church but the Catholic Church is the true Church of Christ? We know that no other church but the Catholic Church is the true Church of Christ because no other church has these four marks. (a) All other churches lack essential unity. They recognize no authority in religious matters vested in an individual who is the vicar of Christ. In the worship of God many Christian sects are guided more by sentiment and personal conviction than by the objective truths given to the world by Our Lord. (b) The founders of Christian sects were not saints and generally were not holy or edifying men. The sects have not given saints to the world. Their truths are but fragments of the doctrines of the Catholic Church. The holiness of their members is due to the means that the sects have salvaged from Catholic worship. Moreover, these sects cannot point to miracles wrought in their favor. (c) Not one of the Christian sects is universal or catholic; that is, not one has universality such as that of the Catholic Church. (d) Not one of the Christian sects can trace its origin to the apostles. (e) The Greek Orthodox or Schismatic Church began in the ninth century with its rejection of the authority of the Pope. From it have come various national churches, subject in some degree to civil authority. The Protestant churches began in the sixteenth
7 7 century when their founders, rejecting certain doctrines of faith, broke away from Catholic unity. Many Protestant denominations are offshoots of the earliest sects. The Lutherans were founded by Martin Luther, the Presbyterians by John Knox, and the Methodists by John Wesley What are the chief attributes of the Catholic Church? The chief attributes of the Catholic Church are authority, infallibility, and indefectibility. They are called attributes because they are qualities perfecting the nature of the Church What is meant by the authority of the Catholic Church? By the authority of the Catholic Church is meant that the Pope and the bishops, as the lawful successors of the apostles, have power from Christ Himself to teach, to sanctify, and to govern the faithful in spiritual matters. (a) Christ Himself gave this authority to Saint Peter and the other apostles when He bestowed the power of binding and loosing, of teaching and baptizing. He implicitly guaranteed the same power to the successors of the apostles when He promised to be with them all days, even to the consummation of the world. (b) Outside the Church there generally is no real recognition of authority in spiritual matters and this disregard for spiritual authority has lessened the respect for civil and domestic authority. (c) The Church has authority over temporal matters which are closely connected with spiritual matters, as the administration of Church property. (d) The Pope, as the supreme head of the Church, cannot rightly be made a subject of any temporal power on earth. The present position of the Pope, as head of the Vatican City, shows to the world that he and his household are not the subjects of other temporal powers. When we speak of the temporal power of the Pope, we do not mean thereby merely to classify him with earthly rulers. The Pope's temporal power is a means to an end, guaranteeing that freedom of word and action which he must rightfully enjoy as the supreme spiritual ruler of the Church What is meant by the infallibility of the Catholic Church? By the infallibility of the Catholic Church is meant that the Church, by the special assistance of the Holy Ghost, cannot err when it teaches or believes a doctrine of faith or morals. (a) Infallibility, especially papal infallibility, is a doctrine often misunderstood and derided by those outside the Church. The term "infallibility" is often distorted to mean
8 8 impeccability, that is, freedom from all sin. The Church has never held that the Pope cannot sin. (b) It is unthinkable that an institution established by God for the salvation of souls could lead men into error and turn them away from God. If the Church could and did err in matters of faith or morals it would not be a true teacher; it would fail in its ministry of sanctification and would not lead men to salvation but would be responsible for their condemnation. (c) A doctrine of faith or morals is a truth revealed by God dealing with what we must believe or what we must do in order to be saved. (d) The Church cannot change its defined teachings on faith and morals though it may restate them more clearly and more completely. (e) We know that the Church is infallible in matters of faith or morals because Christ promised that He would be with the apostles and their successors in their work of teaching until the end of time. It would be impossible for Christ to be with the official teachers of the Church and permit them to teach error When does the Church teach infallibly? The Church teaches infallibly when it defines, through the Pope alone, as the teacher of all Christians, or through the Pope and the bishops, a doctrine of faith or morals to be held by all the faithful. (a) The Holy Father must intend to use his supreme, apostolic authority when he teaches infallibly. (b) The Pope can teach without speaking infallibly; for example, he does this in his encyclical letters. Catholics must accept such teachings, not on faith, but in obedience to the authority of the Pope and in respect for his wisdom What is meant by the indefectibility of the Catholic Church? By the indefectibility of the Catholic Church is meant that the Church, as Christ founded it, will last until the end of time. (a) This indefectibility of the Church is in conformity with the will of Christ, who promised to be with His Church until the end of time Are all obliged to belong to the Catholic Church in order to be saved? All are obliged to belong to the Catholic Church in order to be saved. (a) The principle, "It makes no difference what religion a person practices so long as he leads a good life," is deceptive because it attaches the same importance to the teaching
9 9 and practice of a false religion as it does to the teaching and practice of the one, true religion revealed by Christ and taught by His Church. No one can be saved without sanctifying grace, and the Catholic Church alone is the divinely established means by which grace is brought to the world and the full fruits of Our Lord's Redemption are applied to men What do we mean when we say, "Outside the Church there is no salvation"? When we say, "Outside the Church there is no salvation," we mean that those who through their own grave fault do not know that the Catholic Church is the true Church or, knowing it, refuse to join it, cannot be saved. (a) "Outside the Church there is no salvation" does not mean that everyone who is not a Catholic will be condemned. It does mean that no one can be saved unless he belongs in some manner to the Catholic Church, either actually or in desire, for the means of grace are not given without some relation to the divine institution established by Christ Can they be saved who remain outside the Catholic Church because they do not know it is the true Church? They who remain outside the Catholic Church through no grave fault of their own and do not know it is the true Church, can be saved by making use of the graces which God gives them. (a) Those who are outside the Church through no fault of their own are not culpable in the sight of God because of their invincible ignorance. (b) Persons who make use of the graces God gives them, even though they are not members of the true Church, actually have the desire to become members inasmuch as they wish to use all the means ordained by God for their salvation. (c) We should pray and try to persuade others to investigate the teachings of the Catholic Church because charity obliges us to do all we can to lead others to salvation. We should also pray for Catholic missioners and help them in their work of bringing the faith to those outside the Catholic Church Why is the Catholic Church called the Mystical Body of Christ? The Catholic Church is called the Mystical Body of Christ because its members are united by supernatural bonds with one another and with Christ, their Head, thus resembling the members and head of the living human body.
10 10 Review Questions Question 1) What is the Magisterium? Question 2) According to Catholic tradition, is the pope infallible and if so, when? Question 3) Based upon Catholic instruction, can the lost, as defined by Catholic doctrine, actually not be lost at all, but saved? Explain and note the sources used by Catholicism to try and substantiate such a position and consider them in regard to Romans 1:20; Matthew 7:7; Question 4) Discuss the marks of the church according to Catholicism. Consider these marks comparing them with scripture, giving special attention to how Catholics define the church as Apostolic compared to what John states in 1 John 1:1-7. Question 5) Discuss the stance that the Catholic church is the one true church established by Christ and that it s continuance in authority is a result of Roman papal authority. Consider this in light of Luke 24:49; Acts 1:8; Revelation 2:5. Question 6) Discuss how the following explanation motivates or demotivates the evangelizing of the world (cf. Mark 16:15-16): They who remain outside the Catholic Church through no grave fault of their own and do not know it is the true Church, can be saved by making use of the races which God gives them.
11 11 Works Cited: Lambert, O.C. Catholicism Against Itself Vol. 1. Florence, AL: Lambert Bookhouse, Print Most, William G. "The Catholic Church Is the Mystical Body of Christ." The Catholic Church Is the Mystical Body of Christ. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May Most, William G. "The Church and Salvation." The Church and Salvation. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May Most, William G. "The Magisterium or Teaching Authority of the Church." The Magisterium or Teaching Authority of the Church. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May Most, William G. "The Marks or Identifying Characteristics of the Catholic Church." The Marks or Identifying Characteristics of the Catholic Church. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May Tomlinson, L.G. Churches of Today in Light of Scripture. Nashville, Tn: Gospel Advocate, Print. Wilhite, J. Porter. Modern Churches and the Church. Florence, AL: Lambert Bookhouse, Print. Additional Resources EWTN: Global Catholic Network: < >. Web. 12 May 2013.
12 TH GRADE FIRST SEMESTER THE CHURCH Christ is the light of humanity; and it is, accordingly, the heart-felt desire of this sacred Council, being gathered together in the Holy Spirit, that, by proclaiming
A STATEMENT OF PRINCIPLES IN A TIME OF CRISIS Priests of the Society of St. Pius V present the principles which are the basis for their work The Church 1. The changes following the Second Vatican Council
The Church: Christ in the World Today Correlation to Curriculum Framework Course IV: Jesus Christ s Mission Continues in the Church I. Christ Established His One Church to Continue His Presence and His
REQUIRED PRE-READING The Second Vatican Ecumenical Council committed the Church to furthering the cause of ecumenism in order to work towards Christian unity. The following is excerpted from Vatican II,
RCIA Class 12 December 2, 2015 Pope Francis has declared 2016, an Extraordinary Jubilee of Mercy beginning on December 8th. For more information: http://www.im.va/content/gdm/en.html Chapter 11 The four
The Antichrist and the Office of the Papacy It is historical fact that the Lutheran Confessors considered the Office of the Papacy to be the Office of Antichrist. This receives reference throughout the
Infallibility and Church Authority: The Spirit s Gift to the Whole Church by Kenneth R. Overberg, S.J. It s amazing how many people misunderstand the doctrine of infallibility and other questions of church
CHAPTER II THE MEMBERS OF THE CHURCH MILITANT AND HER NECESSITY FOR SALVATION 8. The Necessity of the Church for Salvation. The Holy Synod teaches, as God's Holy Church has always taught, that the Church
Infallibility and Church Authority: The Spirit's Gift to the Whole Church by Kenneth R. Overberg, S.J. It's amazing how many people misunderstand the doctrine of infallibility and other questions of church
Question: I have difficulty with some things this Pope has said and with modern issues he has failed to address. For instance, when he came to the US he did not address the freedom of religion issue. He
Unit 4 The Church in the World A. The Church as Sign and Instrument The Church is both the sign of the communion of humanity with God and the Instrument that makes that unity happen. This means the Church
Ten Errors of Vatican II [Based on notes from a talk given by the late Fr. Gregory Hesse, STD, JCD] http://www.therecusant.com/hesse-vii Vatican II contains error. In the old days there was a list of books
An Exercise of the Hierarchical Magisterium Richard R. Gaillardetz, Ph.D. In Pope John Paul II s recent apostolic letter on the male priesthood he reiterated church teaching on the exclusion of women from
Levels of Teaching within the Catholic Church Prepared by the St. Thomas Aquinas Center for Apologetics Oblates and Missioners of St. Michael Definition of Infallibility of Teachings There are three ways
CEPHAS JORDAN DUFFY, O.P. 11 HE fullness of time has come. The Holy Redeemer is now on the earth, having come, not to destroy the Law but to perfect it. The glorious prophecies concerning the Son of Man
CHAPTER THREE: The Apostolicity of the Eucharist and of the Church Paragraph 26 If, as I have said, the Eucharist builds the Church and the Church makes the Eucharist, it follows that there is a profound
Vatican II and the Church today How is the Catholic Church Organized? Equal not Same A Rite represents an ecclesiastical, or church, tradition about how the sacraments are to be celebrated. Each of the
Simon was a married man, a fisherman by trade. He lived an ordinary life fishing with his brother Andrew daily to provide food and supplies for his family. It had been a long day, and they hadn t caught
Church Documents The Eucharist and the Priest: Inseparably United by the Love of God Theme for the World Day of Prayer for the Santification of Priests - A commentary on Ecclesia de Eucharistia Congregation
Chapter: 1 Q. 1 Chapter: 1 Q. 2 How is the Sign of the Cross made? How are the two chief mysteries of the faith expressed by the Sign of the Cross? Chapter: 1 Q. 3 Chapter: 1 Q. 4 What are the truths revealed
The nstitute for atechesis and ormation Course Outline for Instructors ICF 106 The Church The Church is the place of encounter between God and His people on earth. This course will provide a brief overview
HOLY ORDERS RCIA January 2016 Holy Orders is the sacrament through which the mission entrusted by Christ to his apostles continues to be exercised in the Church until the end of time. It is the sacrament
The Eucharist: Source and Summit of Christian Spirituality Mark Brumley The Holy Eucharist, Vatican II tells us, is "the source and summit of the Christian life" (Lumen gentium, no. 11; cf. Catechism of
Option E. Ecumenical and Interreligious Issues I. Revelation and the Catholic Church A. Tracing Divine Revelation through the history of salvation. 1. Divine Revelation in the Old Testament times. a. The
Name Date Jesus and the Church Directed Reading Worksheet Chapter 5: The Church is Apostolic Directions: Read through the chapter and fill in the missing information. All the questions run sequential to
FAITH & reason The Journal of Christendom College Spring 1989 Vol. XV, No. 1 The Problem of Religious Liberty: A New Proposal Thomas Storck ince the Catholic Church has changed her authoritative teaching
A Guide to the Sacrament of Penance Discover God s Love Anew: Dear Brothers and Sisters in the Lord, Our Holy Father, Pope John Paul II, has asked for renewed pastoral courage in ensuring that the day-to-day
Questions and Answers on the Eucharist Pennsylvania Conference of Catholic Bishops 1999 - Present by Adoremus All rights reserved. http://www.adoremus.org Why is the Eucharist so important to the Church?
REPORT OF THE CATHOLIC REFORMED BILATERAL DIALOGUE ON BAPTISM 1 A SEASON OF ENGAGEMENT The 20 th century was one of intense dialogue among churches throughout the world. In the mission field and in local
Worldview Apologetics Dr. James Anderson Matthews OPC, Summer 2012 Week 10: Roman Catholicism Roman Catholicism: The Basic Idea Salvation comes through Christ and the RCC. There is one Universal Church
WHAT THE SECOND VATICAN COUNCIL MEANT BY INDIVIDUAL LAY APOSTOLATES Presented by: Most Rev Martin Igwe UZOUKWU, Catholic Bishop of Minna, Nigeria during the celebration of the SPRINGFEST 2012 taking place
..' The Church: :... Teacher and Mother John. V. Walsh, O.P. Mater et Magistra-Mother and Teacher! With these words the late Pope John XXIII began his encyclical on Christianity and social progress. They
DEI VERBUM Historical background on Dei Verbum: In 1943, Pope Pius XII wrote the Encyclical called: DIVINO AFFLANTE SPIRITU. It approved of modern exegetical methods for delving into Holy Scripture. It
The Gospel According to Rome Study Guide James G. McCarthy (c) 2000 Lesson 1 Infant Justification Reading Assignment Prologue, The Focus, pages 11-18 Chapter 1, Infant Justification, pages 19-34 Appendix
Did the early Christians subscribe to Sola Scriptura? The issue of authority remains the most fundamental source of division between Catholics and Protestants. Mainline Protestants (Lutherans, Presbyterians,
Quas Primas - Pope Pius XI december 11, 1925 - on the feast of christ the king With this encyclical, Pope Pius XI established a new liturgical feast in honor of Christ the King. He decreed that it should
ECCLESIOLOGY 101 Sam Powell Point Loma Nazarene University Ecclesiology begins with the fact that the Apostles creed calls us to believe in the one, holy, catholic and apostolic church. Why are we to believe
Chapter 2 Christ s Abiding Presence Chapter 1 Review: Last week we recalled God s salvation plan from Adam to Jesus. Through God s gift of Free Will Adam and Eve disobeyed God and lost God s gift of grace.
Comparison of Basic Beliefs and Viewpoints of Three Presbyterian Denominations: Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) (PCUSA), Evangelical Covenant Order of Presbyterians (ECO), and Evangelical Presbyterian Church
Revelation and Faith Preview Sheet Instructor: John McGrath At its simplest, revelation is God s self-disclosure, and faith is our human response to that divine communication. When studied in an academic
1. What is Confession? Confession is a sacrament instituted by Jesus Christ in his love and mercy. It is here that we meet the loving Jesus who offers sinners forgiveness for offenses committed against
8 th GRADE Alive in Christ Begin 8 th grade with the Opening Lesson - an Introduction to the year The church year feasts and seasons can be found in the beginning of the text. These can be done throughout
Page 1 of 7 A Guide to the Sacrament of Penance Discover God's Love Anew Dear Brothers and Sisters in the Lord, Our Holy Father, Pope John Paul II, has asked "for renewed pastoral courage in ensuring that
THE TRUTHS OF OUR FAITH God God is the Supreme Being Who made all things. In God, there are three Divine Persons; the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. There is only one God. We call the three Divine
First Calvary Baptist Church Statement of Faith I. Scripture a. We believe the Holy Bible was written by men divinely inspired and is God's revelation of Himself to man. It is a perfect treasure of divine
What Did It Once Mean to Be a Lutheran? What does it mean to be a Lutheran today? For most people, I suppose, it means that a person is a member active or inactive of a church that includes the word "Lutheran"
DOGMATIC CONSTITUTION ON THE CHURCH LUMEN GENTIUM SOLEMNLY PROMULGATED BY HIS HOLINESS POPE PAUL VI ON NOVEMBER 21, 1964 CHAPTER I THE MYSTERY OF THE CHURCH 1. Christ is the Light of nations. Because this
Ministering to Catholics Forgiveness Gerry Andersen Valley Bible Church, Lancaster, California www.valleybible.net July 30, 2017 The most important issue regarding our subject of ministering to Catholics
NEW LIFE COMMUNITY CHURCH CONSTITUTION PREAMBLE In order that the witness of this Church may be born and carried out in accordance with Scriptural doctrines; that its worship, teachings, ministry and fellowship
LESSON 12 one holy, catholic, and apostolic church BACKGROUND READING When we recite the Apostles Creed, we say that we believe in the holy catholic Church. This means that we believe that Jesus established
Faith and Life Series 22 Week Curriculum Outline Grade 8 For use with Our Life in the Church Teacher s Manual 22 Week Parish Curriculum THEME: The history of the Church - its founding by Christ, its birth
RCIA The Church Session # 7 The word Church means convocation. It designates the assembly of those whom God' word convokes i.e. gathers together to form the People of God, and who themselves, nourished
TAKE ME TO YOUR LEADER THE HUMAN KNOT THE HUMAN KNOT When you began the activity, did someone suggest a way to proceed? As the activity progressed, did others also offer advice? How did you determine whose
Comparative Theology from A Comparative View of the Doctrines and Confessions of the Various Communities of Christendom by Dr. George Benedict Winer (1789-1858), Professor of Theology at Leipzig edited
Apostolic Succession Topic Coptic Orthodox Protestant Roman Catholic This is an important part of Orthodox belief and ensures continuity with the church that Christ founded. Bible - Composition of Accept
SALVATION AS TAUGHT BY CATHOLICISM This is a challenging area to address having been a former Catholic. For a Catholic, the answer is cloudy and ambiguous because of the financial, political, and sustainable
THE CHURCH (PART TWO) (C 811-870, USC Ch.11) 9 You are Peter and upon this rock I will build my church and the gates of the netherworld will not prevail against it. (Mt 16:18) I believe in one, holy, catholic
THE CHURCH: the People of God (Catechism of the Catholic Church 737 741, 811 962) A. The Holy Spirit "We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord the giver of Life... He has spoken through the prophets. We
Churches from the beginning have written and stated their beliefs. Below are the basic beliefs of First Baptist Church Vero Beach. These beliefs are found in the Baptist faith and Message as adopted by
MAIN IDEA: Paul is identified by commitment to his calling, commitment to people, and commitment to the gospel.. Paul describes himself in the first instance as a slave of Christ Jesus. This is a common
Ministering to Catholics The Issue of Authoritative Teaching Gerry Andersen Valley Bible Church, Lancaster, California www.valleybible.net July 9, 2017 The Roman Catholic Church views itself as the Mother
Foreword ix SECTION I The Universal Call to Holiness 3 Jesus Christ Forgives Throughout the Centuries 4 Sacramental Grace 6 Some Helpful Preliminaries for the Priest Confessor 8 SECTION II A Brief History
Name Period Date Our Catholic Faith: Living What We Believe Directed Reading Guide Chapter 4, The Church: The Body of Christ Directions: Read carefully through Chapter 4 and then use the text as a reference
342 Dominicana also see in them many illustrations of differences in customs and even in explanations of essential truth yet unity in belief. Progress towards unity is a progress towards becoming ecclesial.
Commentary on the General Directory for Catechesis Raymond L. Burke, D.D., J.C.D Saint Paul, the Apostle of the Nations, reminds us: Faith, then, comes through hearing, and what is heard is the word of
The Holy See APOSTOLIC LETTER GIVEN MOTU PROPRIO SACRUM DIACONATUS ORDINEM GENERAL NORMS FOR RESTORING THE PERMANENT DIACONATE IN THE LATIN CHURCH June 18, 1967 Beginning already in the early days of the
CONSTITUTION OF ST. TIMOTHY EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH Approved May 01, 2016 For there is a proper time and procedure for every matter... Ecclesiastes 8:6 President of Congregation Vincent Spanel Secretary
THE STEPS FOR THOSE LEAVING THE NEW MASS BAPTISM; THE STEPS TO CONVERT TO THE TRADITIONAL CATHOLIC FAITH; THE STEPS FOR THOSE LEAVING THE NEW MASS; AND CONDITIONAL BAPTISM CONTAINED IN THESE PAGES BELOW:
AUTHORIZATION FOR LAY ECCLESIAL MINISTERS A CANONICAL REFLECTION By Paul L. Golden, C.M., J.C.D. Introduction The role of the laity in the ministry of the Church has become more clear and more needed since
Course Title: Introduction to Sacred Scripture Grade Level: Any level grades 9-12 Description: Diocese of St. Augustine Parish High School Religion Curriculum Based on the Catholic High School Curriculum
Sacred Heart University Review Volume 14 Issue 1 Toni Morrison Symposium & Pope John Paul II Encyclical Veritatis Splendor Symposium Article 10 1994 The Evangelical Turn of John Paul II and Veritatis Splendor
Christ the Teacher Institute of Religious Studies Parish Component Hand Book Catholic Diocese of Sioux Falls DVD s 1-7 DVD I Revelation and the Response of Faith I. Introduction a. God slowly reveals Himself,
Chapter 13 Separated Brethren Jesus Prays: Holy Father, keep them in thy name, which thou hast given me, that they may be one, even as we are one. (John 17:11) Introduction The world is full of billions
Full Text of Kazakhstan Catholic Bishops Statement on Amoris Laetitia Profession of the immutable truths about sacramental marriage After the publication of the Apostolic Exhortation Amoris laetitia (2016)
SACRED SCRIPTURE, SACRED TRADITION AND THE CHURCH (CCC 101-141) Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition form one sacred deposit of the Word of God which is committed to the Church... The task of authentically
SCRIPTURE AND TRADITION Table of Contents INTRODUCTION... 3 SACRED SCRIPTURE... 4 THE OLD TESTAMENT... 4 THE NEW TESTAMENT... 5 TRADITION... 5 MAGISTERIUM... 7 KEY POINTS... 7 SCRIPTURE AND TRADITION God
Dei Verbum: The Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation 1. Historical Context The document Dei Verbum (Word of God) is one of only two dogmatic constitutions issued by the Second Vatican Council, the
ARTICLE III Doctrinal Statement Calvary Baptist Church adheres to the core beliefs of the 1905/06 Basis of Union of the Convention of Atlantic Baptist Churches contained in Appendix A. More particularly,
COMPASS CHURCH PRIMARY STATEMENTS OF FAITH The Following are adapted from The Baptist Faith and Message 2000. I. THE SCRIPTURES The Holy Bible was written by men divinely inspired and is God's revelation
Forming Disciples for the New Evangelization Grade 7 Forming Disciples for the New Evangelization Grade 7 Table of Contents Key Element I: Knowledge of Faith p. 2-7 Standard 1: Creed p. 2-4 Standard 2:
LUMEN GENTIUM An Orthodox Critique of the Second Vatican Council s Dogmatic Constitution on the Church. Fr. Paul Verghese Definition and Scope This paper does not presume to deal with all aspects of this,
The Instruction Redemptionis Sacramentum July 15, 2005 Introduction The conclusion of the pontificate of our late and most beloved Pope John Paul II was marked by a singular attention to the Holy Eucharist.
Encountering Jesus Series Grid In determining conformity with the Catechism of the Catholic Church, the USCCB relies on its own document, Guidelines for Doctrinally Sound Catechetical Materials, to assess
What is the Magisterium The teaching authority of the Church Pope Bishops in communion with the pope Theologians as advisors Role To instruct the People of God in the truth God revealed The Magisterium