Introduction Chapter 1 of Social Statistics

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Introduction Chapter 1 of Social Statistics"

Transcription

1 Introduction p.1/22 Introduction Chapter 1 of Social Statistics Chris Lawrence

2 Introduction p.2/22 Introduction In this chapter, we will discuss: What statistics are

3 Introduction p.2/22 Introduction In this chapter, we will discuss: What statistics are The difference between a statistic and a parameter

4 Introduction p.2/22 Introduction In this chapter, we will discuss: What statistics are The difference between a statistic and a parameter Samples and populations

5 Introduction p.2/22 Introduction In this chapter, we will discuss: What statistics are The difference between a statistic and a parameter Samples and populations Descriptive and inferential statistics

6 Introduction p.3/22 Why care about statistics? Understanding statistics is important. If you don t understand statistics, then whenever you come across statistically-based information, you ll have just two choices: Unconditionally accept the information.

7 Introduction p.3/22 Why care about statistics? Understanding statistics is important. If you don t understand statistics, then whenever you come across statistically-based information, you ll have just two choices: Unconditionally accept the information. Find someone else to interpret it for you.

8 Introduction p.4/22 We are surrounded by statistics We encounter statistics all of the time in everyday life, even though their role is not always obvious! Car and health insurance rates are based on stats.

9 Introduction p.4/22 We are surrounded by statistics We encounter statistics all of the time in everyday life, even though their role is not always obvious! Car and health insurance rates are based on stats. Politicians make decisions based on public opinion polls.

10 Introduction p.4/22 We are surrounded by statistics We encounter statistics all of the time in everyday life, even though their role is not always obvious! Car and health insurance rates are based on stats. Politicians make decisions based on public opinion polls. We rely on stats for crime rates, consumer information, and weather reports.

11 Introduction p.5/22 What is political science? For a moment, let us revisit Shively... The goal of social science is to describe and explain different types of social phenomena.

12 Introduction p.5/22 What is political science? For a moment, let us revisit Shively... The goal of social science is to describe and explain different types of social phenomena. In political science, we want to describe and explain political phenomena.

13 Introduction p.6/22 Characteristics and variables So, we want to understand how social or political characteristics relate to and affect one another.

14 Introduction p.6/22 Characteristics and variables So, we want to understand how social or political characteristics relate to and affect one another. These characteristics are also called variables.

15 Introduction p.7/22 All variables must vary Variables vary. Things that don t vary can t be variables.

16 Introduction p.7/22 All variables must vary Variables vary. Things that don t vary can t be variables. Variables change in some measurable way from unit to unit.

17 Introduction p.7/22 All variables must vary Variables vary. Things that don t vary can t be variables. Variables change in some measurable way from unit to unit. For example, a person s weight, income, and party identification are examples of variables.

18 Introduction p.8/22 Dependent and independent variables When we examine relationships between variables, we normally examine the change in one variable that is caused by another.

19 Introduction p.8/22 Dependent and independent variables When we examine relationships between variables, we normally examine the change in one variable that is caused by another. The variable that is being changed is the dependent variable.

20 Introduction p.8/22 Dependent and independent variables When we examine relationships between variables, we normally examine the change in one variable that is caused by another. The variable that is being changed is the dependent variable. The variable or variables that cause change are the independent variable or variables.

21 Introduction p.9/22 Characteristics, attitudes, and behavio There are three major types of variable we can measure: Characteristics: gender (male/female), religion.

22 Introduction p.9/22 Characteristics, attitudes, and behavio There are three major types of variable we can measure: Characteristics: gender (male/female), religion. Attitudes: like/dislike math.

23 Introduction p.9/22 Characteristics, attitudes, and behavio There are three major types of variable we can measure: Characteristics: gender (male/female), religion. Attitudes: like/dislike math. Behavior: embrace/avoid math.

24 Introduction p.10/22 Examples American politics: Republican, hates Al Gore, voted for George W. Bush.

25 Introduction p.10/22 Examples American politics: Republican, hates Al Gore, voted for George W. Bush. German politics: Social Democrat, likes European Union, voted for SPD.

26 Introduction p.10/22 Examples American politics: Republican, hates Al Gore, voted for George W. Bush. German politics: Social Democrat, likes European Union, voted for SPD. International relations: Country X is a theocracy, intolerant of other religions, goes to war with infidels

27 Populations versus samples A population is everyone or everything that is in our universe of interest. Examples: everyone in the United States, all of the countries in the world, every fraternity member at Ole Miss, every pop singer between 15 and 30. Introduction p.11/22

28 Populations versus samples A population is everyone or everything that is in our universe of interest. Examples: everyone in the United States, all of the countries in the world, every fraternity member at Ole Miss, every pop singer between 15 and 30. The population we examine is usually determined by our research question. Introduction p.11/22

29 Populations versus samples A population is everyone or everything that is in our universe of interest. Examples: everyone in the United States, all of the countries in the world, every fraternity member at Ole Miss, every pop singer between 15 and 30. The population we examine is usually determined by our research question. For example, if we wanted to know why people vote the way they do, our population would be voters. Introduction p.11/22

30 Introduction p.12/22 Populations can be big So if we care about vote choice, we would have a very large population: Approximately 270 million citizens in the U.S.

31 Introduction p.12/22 Populations can be big So if we care about vote choice, we would have a very large population: Approximately 270 million citizens in the U.S. Approximately 180 million are over 18 (2/3)

32 Introduction p.12/22 Populations can be big So if we care about vote choice, we would have a very large population: Approximately 270 million citizens in the U.S. Approximately 180 million are over 18 (2/3) Approximately 90 million of those vote (1/2)

33 Parameters: math about populations When we have some math that tells us something about an entire population, we call that math a parameter. The average income of all Americans. Introduction p.13/22

34 Parameters: math about populations When we have some math that tells us something about an entire population, we call that math a parameter. The average income of all Americans. The percentage of all voters who are Democrats. Introduction p.13/22

35 Parameters: math about populations When we have some math that tells us something about an entire population, we call that math a parameter. The average income of all Americans. The percentage of all voters who are Democrats. The average GPA of all fraternity members at Ole Miss. Introduction p.13/22

36 Parameters: math about populations When we have some math that tells us something about an entire population, we call that math a parameter. The average income of all Americans. The percentage of all voters who are Democrats. The average GPA of all fraternity members at Ole Miss. The number of countries in the world that have a theocratic government. Introduction p.13/22

37 Parameters: math about populations When we have some math that tells us something about an entire population, we call that math a parameter. The average income of all Americans. The percentage of all voters who are Democrats. The average GPA of all fraternity members at Ole Miss. The number of countries in the world that have a theocratic government. The percentage of pop stars from 15 to 30 who have had cosmetic surgery. Introduction p.13/22

38 Introduction p.14/22 Parameters: about the population Parameters are always descriptive: they always describe everyone in the population.

39 Introduction p.14/22 Parameters: about the population Parameters are always descriptive: they always describe everyone in the population. When we talk about parameters, we use lower case greek letters, like σ (sigma). The size of the population is N.

40 Introduction p.14/22 Parameters: about the population Parameters are always descriptive: they always describe everyone in the population. When we talk about parameters, we use lower case greek letters, like σ (sigma). The size of the population is N. Parameters are usually collected through a procedure like a census or by keeping track of every event that happens.

41 Introduction p.15/22 Samples When we don t have the entire population, we have a sample.

42 Introduction p.15/22 Samples When we don t have the entire population, we have a sample. For example, we can t collect information on all voters (why not?), so we have to take a sample.

43 Introduction p.15/22 Samples When we don t have the entire population, we have a sample. For example, we can t collect information on all voters (why not?), so we have to take a sample. With an appropriate sample, we can estimate the parameters of the population.

44 Introduction p.16/22 Sampling from a population To estimate the parameters, we need a representative sample that is randomly selected.

45 Introduction p.16/22 Sampling from a population To estimate the parameters, we need a representative sample that is randomly selected. For example, we can estimate the percentage of voters who are Democrats by getting data from a sample of voters.

46 Introduction p.17/22 Statistics: math based on samples Statistics are the mathematics associated with samples.

47 Introduction p.17/22 Statistics: math based on samples Statistics are the mathematics associated with samples. We usually use upper-case Latin letters for statistics (like S). The size of a sample is denoted by n.

48 Introduction p.17/22 Statistics: math based on samples Statistics are the mathematics associated with samples. We usually use upper-case Latin letters for statistics (like S). The size of a sample is denoted by n. Sample statistics are estimates of population parameters.

49 Not all statistics are statistics In the real world, a lot of things we call statistics are actually parameters. Barry Bonds batting average is based on every at-bat during the season, so it is actually a parameter. Introduction p.18/22

50 Not all statistics are statistics In the real world, a lot of things we call statistics are actually parameters. Barry Bonds batting average is based on every at-bat during the season, so it is actually a parameter. Eli Manning s pass completion percentage is also a parameter, because it is based on all of his passes in games. Introduction p.18/22

51 Not all statistics are statistics In the real world, a lot of things we call statistics are actually parameters. Barry Bonds batting average is based on every at-bat during the season, so it is actually a parameter. Eli Manning s pass completion percentage is also a parameter, because it is based on all of his passes in games. The number of deaths on a highway in a year is a parameter, not a statistic. Introduction p.18/22

52 Introduction p.19/22 Making good estimates Again, for our sample statistics to be good estimates of population parameters, our sample must be: representative: the makeup of the sample should reflect the makeup of the population of interest.

53 Introduction p.19/22 Making good estimates Again, for our sample statistics to be good estimates of population parameters, our sample must be: representative: the makeup of the sample should reflect the makeup of the population of interest. random: the chance of any two members of the population being in the sample must be equal.

54 Bad estimation strategies Our statistics won t be any good if we have a bad sample. If we care about all voters in the United States, we can t use a sample of voters from Memphis. Introduction p.20/22

55 Bad estimation strategies Our statistics won t be any good if we have a bad sample. If we care about all voters in the United States, we can t use a sample of voters from Memphis. If we want to find out about all Ole Miss students, we can t take a sample from people in the student section at an Ole Miss basketball game. Introduction p.20/22

56 Bad estimation strategies Our statistics won t be any good if we have a bad sample. If we care about all voters in the United States, we can t use a sample of voters from Memphis. If we want to find out about all Ole Miss students, we can t take a sample from people in the student section at an Ole Miss basketball game. If we want to find out about pop singers from 15 to 30, we can t just talk to the ones who have dated Carson Daly. Introduction p.20/22

57 Introduction p.21/22 Uses of statistics We use statistics for two major reasons: Estimating population parameters. (For example, estimating the percentage of all voters who are Democrats.)

58 Introduction p.21/22 Uses of statistics We use statistics for two major reasons: Estimating population parameters. (For example, estimating the percentage of all voters who are Democrats.) Testing hypotheses about populations. (For example, finding out whether Democratic voters were more likely to vote for Al Gore than Republicans.)

59 Introduction p.22/22 Two types of statistics Descriptive statistics are like population parameters; they simply describe the sample.

60 Introduction p.22/22 Two types of statistics Descriptive statistics are like population parameters; they simply describe the sample. Inferential statistics allow us to make generalizations (or inferences) about populations. Both uses of statistics in the previous slide are inferential uses of statistics.

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Thursday, Sept. 8 at 4:00 p.m.

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Thursday, Sept. 8 at 4:00 p.m. Interviews with 1,001 adult Americans conducted by telephone by ORC International on September 1-4, 2016. The margin of sampling error for results based on the total sample is plus or minus 3 percentage

More information

Introduction to Inference

Introduction to Inference Introduction to Inference Confidence Intervals for Proportions 1 On the one hand, we can make a general claim with 100% confidence, but it usually isn t very useful; on the other hand, we can also make

More information

Module - 02 Lecturer - 09 Inferential Statistics - Motivation

Module - 02 Lecturer - 09 Inferential Statistics - Motivation Introduction to Data Analytics Prof. Nandan Sudarsanam and Prof. B. Ravindran Department of Management Studies and Department of Computer Science and Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

More information

HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 11/29/2017 (UPDATE)

HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 11/29/2017 (UPDATE) HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 11/29/2017 (UPDATE) ELEMENTS Population represented Sample size Mode of data collection Type of sample (probability/nonprobability) Start and end dates of data collection

More information

HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 3/31/2015

HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 3/31/2015 HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 3/31/2015 ELEMENTS Population represented Sample size Mode of data collection Type of sample (probability/nonprobability) Start and end dates of data collection

More information

NEWS AND RECORD / HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 3/29/2018

NEWS AND RECORD / HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 3/29/2018 NEWS AND RECORD / HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 3/29/2018 ELEMENTS Population represented Sample size Mode of data collection Type of sample (probability/nonprobability) Start and end dates of

More information

POLS 205 Political Science as a Social Science. Making Inferences from Samples

POLS 205 Political Science as a Social Science. Making Inferences from Samples POLS 205 Political Science as a Social Science Making Inferences from Samples Christopher Adolph University of Washington, Seattle May 10, 2010 Chris Adolph (UW) Making Inferences from Samples May 10,

More information

HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 4/7/2017 (UPDATE)

HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 4/7/2017 (UPDATE) ELEMENTS Population represented Sample size Mode of data collection Type of sample (probability/nonprobability) HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 4/7/2017 (UPDATE) DETAILS Adults in North Carolina.

More information

NEWS AND RECORD / HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 3/1/2017

NEWS AND RECORD / HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 3/1/2017 ELEMENTS Population represented Sample size Mode of data collection NEWS AND RECORD / HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 3/1/2017 Type of sample (probability/nonprobability) DETAILS Adults in North

More information

HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 2/10/2017 (UPDATE)

HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 2/10/2017 (UPDATE) ELEMENTS Population represented Sample size Mode of data collection Type of sample (probability/nonprobability) HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE 2/10/2017 (UPDATE) DETAILS Adults in North Carolina

More information

HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE (UPDATE) 3/2/2016

HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE (UPDATE) 3/2/2016 ELEMENTS Population represented Sample size Mode of data collection Type of sample (probability/nonprobability) HIGH POINT UNIVERSITY POLL MEMO RELEASE (UPDATE) 3/2/2016 DETAILS Adults in North Carolina.

More information

MLLunsford, Spring Activity: Conditional Probability and The Law of Total Probability

MLLunsford, Spring Activity: Conditional Probability and The Law of Total Probability MLLunsford, Spring 2003 1 Activity: Conditional Probability and The Law of Total Probability Concepts: Conditional Probability, Independent Events, the Multiplication Rule, the Law of Total Probability

More information

Module 02 Lecture - 10 Inferential Statistics Single Sample Tests

Module 02 Lecture - 10 Inferential Statistics Single Sample Tests Introduction to Data Analytics Prof. Nandan Sudarsanam and Prof. B. Ravindran Department of Management Studies and Department of Computer Science and Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

More information

Introduction to Statistical Hypothesis Testing Prof. Arun K Tangirala Department of Chemical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

Introduction to Statistical Hypothesis Testing Prof. Arun K Tangirala Department of Chemical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Introduction to Statistical Hypothesis Testing Prof. Arun K Tangirala Department of Chemical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Lecture 09 Basics of Hypothesis Testing Hello friends, welcome

More information

Probability Distributions TEACHER NOTES MATH NSPIRED

Probability Distributions TEACHER NOTES MATH NSPIRED Math Objectives Students will compare the distribution of a discrete sample space to distributions of randomly selected outcomes from that sample space. Students will identify the structure that emerges

More information

POLS 205 Political Science as a Social Science. Examples of Theory-Building in Political Science

POLS 205 Political Science as a Social Science. Examples of Theory-Building in Political Science POLS 205 Political Science as a Social Science Examples of Theory-Building in Political Science Christopher Adolph University of Washington, Seattle April 7, 2010 Chris Adolph (UW) Theory-Building Examples

More information

DATA TABLES Global Warming, God, and the End Times by Demographic and Social Group

DATA TABLES Global Warming, God, and the End Times by Demographic and Social Group DATA TABLES Global Warming, God, and the End Times by Demographic and Social Group God controls the climate, therefore humans can t be causing global warming Proportion of total sample who say "Yes, definitely"

More information

The sample includes 660 interviews among landline respondents and 351 interviews among cell phone respondents.

The sample includes 660 interviews among landline respondents and 351 interviews among cell phone respondents. Interviews with 1,011 adult Americans conducted by telephone by ORC International on December 18-21, 2014. The margin of sampling error for results based on the total sample is plus or minus 3 percentage

More information

Many feel Christmas is under seige

Many feel Christmas is under seige FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Many feel Christmas is under seige Virtually all Ontarians celebrate Christmas In a random sampling of public opinion taken by the Forum Poll among 1058 Ontarians 18 years of age

More information

Knights of Columbus-Marist Poll January 2011

Knights of Columbus-Marist Poll January 2011 How to Read Banners Banners are a simple way to display tabular data. The following provides an explanation of how to read the banners. 1. Thinking of the entire table as a grid of cells, each cell contains

More information

ABC News' Guide to Polls & Public Opinion

ABC News' Guide to Polls & Public Opinion ABC News' Guide to Polls & Public Opinion Public opinion polls can be simultaneously compelling and off-putting - compelling because they represent a sort of national look in the mirror; offputting because

More information

HuffPost: Sexual harassment November 16-17, US Adults

HuffPost: Sexual harassment November 16-17, US Adults 1. Serious problem How serious of a problem do you think sexual harassment is in the United States? Very serious 49% 39% 58% 51% 45% 52% 47% 44% 70% 54% 47% Somewhat serious 29% 33% 25% 20% 31% 29% 36%

More information

INTRODUCTION TO HYPOTHESIS TESTING. Unit 4A - Statistical Inference Part 1

INTRODUCTION TO HYPOTHESIS TESTING. Unit 4A - Statistical Inference Part 1 1 INTRODUCTION TO HYPOTHESIS TESTING Unit 4A - Statistical Inference Part 1 Now we will begin our discussion of hypothesis testing. This is a complex topic which we will be working with for the rest of

More information

Council on American-Islamic Relations RESEARCH CENTER AMERICAN PUBLIC OPINION ABOUT ISLAM AND MUSLIMS

Council on American-Islamic Relations RESEARCH CENTER AMERICAN PUBLIC OPINION ABOUT ISLAM AND MUSLIMS CAIR Council on American-Islamic Relations RESEARCH CENTER AMERICAN PUBLIC OPINION ABOUT ISLAM AND MUSLIMS 2006 453 New Jersey Avenue, SE Washington, DC 20003-2604 Tel: 202-488-8787 Fax: 202-488-0833 Web:

More information

North Carolina Survey Results

North Carolina Survey Results rth Carolina Survey Results Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Do you think raising rth Carolina s minimum above the current $7.25 per hour would help rth Carolina build an economy that works for all its citizens? 58%... 12%

More information

U.S. Catholics Express Favorable View of Pope Francis

U.S. Catholics Express Favorable View of Pope Francis 0 April 3, 2013 First Reactions More Positive than for Pope Benedict U.S. Catholics Express Favorable View of Pope Francis FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Alan Cooperman Associate Director, Pew Research

More information

CONSPIRACY THEORIES PROSPER: 25% OF AMERICANS ARE TRUTHERS

CONSPIRACY THEORIES PROSPER: 25% OF AMERICANS ARE TRUTHERS For immediate release Thursday, January 17, 2013 9 pp. Contact: Dan Cassino 973-896-7072 dcassino@fdu.edu @dancassino Krista Jenkins 908.328.8967 kjenkins@fdu.edu CONSPIRACY THEORIES PROSPER: 25% OF AMERICANS

More information

THE INSTITUTE FOR JEWISH POLICY RESEARCH THE POLITICAL LEANINGS OF BRITAIN S JEWS APRIL 2010

THE INSTITUTE FOR JEWISH POLICY RESEARCH THE POLITICAL LEANINGS OF BRITAIN S JEWS APRIL 2010 THE INSTITUTE FOR JEWISH POLICY RESEARCH THE POLITICAL LEANINGS OF BRITAIN S JEWS APRIL 20 About JPR JPR, the Institute for Jewish Policy Research, is a London-based independent research unit and think-tank

More information

The Changing Population Profile of American Jews : New Findings

The Changing Population Profile of American Jews : New Findings The Fifteenth World Congress of Jewish Studies Jerusalem, Israel August, 2009 The Changing Population Profile of American Jews 1990-2008: New Findings Barry A. Kosmin Research Professor, Public Policy

More information

More See Too Much Religious Talk by Politicians

More See Too Much Religious Talk by Politicians March 21, 2012 Santorum Voters Disagree More See Too Much Religious Talk by Politicians FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Andrew Kohut President, Pew Research Center Carroll Doherty, Michael Dimock Associate

More information

Introductory Statistics Day 25. Paired Means Test

Introductory Statistics Day 25. Paired Means Test Introductory Statistics Day 25 Paired Means Test 4.4 Paired Tests Find the data set textbooks.xlsx on the Moodle page. This data set is from OpenIntro Stats. In this data set we have 73 textbooks that

More information

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Friday, March 4 at 1:00 p.m.

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Friday, March 4 at 1:00 p.m. Interviews with 1,001 adult Americans conducted by telephone by ORC International on February 24-27, 2016. The margin of sampling error for results based on the total sample is plus or minus 3 percentage

More information

Pastor Views on Tithing. Survey of Protestant Pastors

Pastor Views on Tithing. Survey of Protestant Pastors Pastor Views on Tithing Survey of Protestant Pastors 2 Methodology The phone survey of 1,000 Protestant pastors was conducted August 30 September 18, 2017 The calling list was a stratified random sample,

More information

Protestant Pastors Views on the Environment. Survey of 1,000 Protestant Pastors

Protestant Pastors Views on the Environment. Survey of 1,000 Protestant Pastors Protestant Pastors Views on the Environment Survey of 1,000 Protestant Pastors 2 Methodology The telephone survey of Protestant pastors was conducted in September 26 October 3, 2012 The calling list was

More information

Note: Results are reported by total population sampled; and sub-samples. See final page for details.

Note: Results are reported by total population sampled; and sub-samples. See final page for details. The 11th Biannual Youth Survey on Politics and Public Service Field Dates: October 4 October 16, 2006 Master Questionnaire; N=2,546 18-24 Year Olds Margin of Error: ± 1.9% Note: Results are reported by

More information

RECOMMENDED CITATION: Pew Research Center, July, 2014, How Americans Feel About Religious Groups

RECOMMENDED CITATION: Pew Research Center, July, 2014, How Americans Feel About Religious Groups NUMBERS, FACTS AND TRENDS SHAPING THE WORLD FOR RELEASE JULY 16, 2014 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ON THIS REPORT: Alan Cooperman, Director of Religion Research Greg Smith, Associate Director, Research Besheer

More information

GW POLITICS POLL 2018 MIDTERM ELECTION WAVE 3

GW POLITICS POLL 2018 MIDTERM ELECTION WAVE 3 GW POLITICS POLL 2018 MIDTERM ELECTION WAVE 3 The survey was fielded 17 25, 2018 by YouGov with a sample of registered voters. This was the third survey in a four-wave panel design focusing on the 2018

More information

Results of SurveyUSA News Poll # Page 1

Results of SurveyUSA News Poll # Page 1 Even in Solid-Blue California, With More Democrats Watching, Romney Is Clear Winner of 1st Presidential Debate: Immediately following tonight's presidential debate between Republican Mitt Romney and Democrat

More information

FOR RELEASE: WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 29 AT 6 PM

FOR RELEASE: WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 29 AT 6 PM Interviews with 1,018 adult Americans conducted by telephone by ORC International on October 24-26, 2014. The margin of sampling error for results based on the total sample is plus or minus 3 percentage

More information

in the 2012 Presidential Vote A compilation of publicly released survey data A Resource Developed by: American Culture and Faith Institute

in the 2012 Presidential Vote A compilation of publicly released survey data A Resource Developed by: American Culture and Faith Institute The Role of Faith in the 20 Presidential Vote A compilation of publicly released survey data A Resource Developed by: American Culture and Faith Institute AN INITIATIVE OF UNITED IN PURPOSE Project Directors:

More information

Statistical Inference Casella

Statistical Inference Casella Statistical Inference Casella 1 / 6 2 / 6 3 / 6 Statistical Inference Casella Title: Statistical Inference Author: George Casella, Roger L. Berger Created Date: 1/9/2009 7:22:33 PM Statistical Inference

More information

YouGov June 13-14, US Adults

YouGov June 13-14, US Adults 1. Heard about Tweets In the months since the 2016 election, how much have you heard about on Twitter? Heard a lot 63% 68% 58% 57% 50% 65% 81% 65% 64% 54% 57% Heard a little 29% 26% 32% 35% 34% 29% 17%

More information

The World Wide Web and the U.S. Political News Market: Online Appendices

The World Wide Web and the U.S. Political News Market: Online Appendices The World Wide Web and the U.S. Political News Market: Online Appendices Online Appendix OA. Political Identity of Viewers Several times in the paper we treat as the left- most leaning TV station. Posner

More information

NUMBERS, FACTS AND TRENDS SHAPING THE WORLD FOR RELEASE DECEMBER 30, 2013

NUMBERS, FACTS AND TRENDS SHAPING THE WORLD FOR RELEASE DECEMBER 30, 2013 NUMBERS, FACTS AND TRENDS SHAPING THE WORLD FOR RELEASE DECEMBER 30, 2013 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ON THIS REPORT: Alan Cooperman, Director of Religion Research Cary Funk, Senior Researcher Erin O Connell,

More information

WBUR Poll New Hampshire 2016 Democratic Primary Field Dates: October 15-18, 2015 Survey of 401 Likely Voters

WBUR Poll New Hampshire 2016 Democratic Primary Field Dates: October 15-18, 2015 Survey of 401 Likely Voters Conducted for WBUR by WBUR Poll New Hampshire 2016 Democratic Primary Field Dates: ober 15-18, Survey of 401 Likely Voters I'm going to read you the names of several people who are active in public affairs.

More information

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Tuesday, January 23 at 4:00 p.m.

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Tuesday, January 23 at 4:00 p.m. CNN January 2018 The study was conducted for CNN via telephone by SSRS, an independent research company. Interviews were conducted from January 14, 2017 January 18, 2018 among a sample of 1,005 respondents,

More information

Views on Ethnicity and the Church. From Surveys of Protestant Pastors and Adult Americans

Views on Ethnicity and the Church. From Surveys of Protestant Pastors and Adult Americans Views on Ethnicity and the Church From Surveys of Protestant Pastors and Adult Americans Protestant Pastors Views on Ethnicity and the Church Survey of 1,007 Protestant Pastors 3 Methodology The telephone

More information

Pastors Views on the Economy s Impact Survey of Protestant Pastors

Pastors Views on the Economy s Impact Survey of Protestant Pastors Pastors Views on the Economy s Impact 2018 Survey of Protestant Pastors 2 Methodology The phone survey of 1,000 Protestant pastors was conducted August 29 September 11, 2018 The calling list was a stratified

More information

The American Religious Landscape and the 2004 Presidential Vote: Increased Polarization

The American Religious Landscape and the 2004 Presidential Vote: Increased Polarization The American Religious Landscape and the 2004 Presidential Vote: Increased Polarization John C. Green, Corwin E. Smidt, James L. Guth, and Lyman A. Kellstedt The American religious landscape was strongly

More information

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Tuesday, August 14 at 6:00 a.m.

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Tuesday, August 14 at 6:00 a.m. The study was conducted for CNN via telephone by SSRS, an independent research company. Interviews were conducted from August 09, 2018 to August 12, 2018 among a sample of 1,002 respondents. The landline

More information

HuffPost: Seasons greetings December 4-6, US Adults

HuffPost: Seasons greetings December 4-6, US Adults 1. Celebrate Christmas Do you celebrate Christmas? Yes 85% 84% 87% 80% 82% 87% 91% 88% 84% 88% 63% No 9% 11% 8% 9% 8% 12% 8% 9% 11% 2% 21% Not sure 5% 5% 5% 11% 10% 0% 1% 3% 5% 10% 16% Totals 99% 100%

More information

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Wednesday, August 3 at 6:00 a.m.

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Wednesday, August 3 at 6:00 a.m. Interviews with 1,003 adult Americans conducted by telephone by ORC International on,. The margin of sampling error for results based on the total sample is plus or minus 3 percentage points. The sample

More information

Survey of Jews in Illinois 9 th Congressional District October 18-24, 2010

Survey of Jews in Illinois 9 th Congressional District October 18-24, 2010 Survey of Jews in Illinois 9 th Congressional District October 18-24, 2010 J Street Survey of Jewish Voters, IL 9th CD October 18-24, 2010 Figure 1 Methodology Survey conducted October 18-24, 2010 400

More information

The Fifth National Survey of Religion and Politics: A Baseline for the 2008 Presidential Election. John C. Green

The Fifth National Survey of Religion and Politics: A Baseline for the 2008 Presidential Election. John C. Green The Fifth National Survey of Religion and Politics: A Baseline for the 2008 Presidential Election John C. Green Ray C. Bliss Institute of Applied Politics University of Akron (Email: green@uakron.edu;

More information

HuffPost: Hillary Clinton September 13-14, US Adults

HuffPost: Hillary Clinton September 13-14, US Adults 1. Clinton favorability Do you have a favorable or unfavorable opinion of Hillary Clinton? Very favorable 16% 18% 15% 19% 15% 18% 11% 12% 34% 19% 15% Somewhat favorable 20% 19% 22% 19% 22% 17% 24% 18%

More information

Usage of Islamic Banking and Financial Services by United States Muslims

Usage of Islamic Banking and Financial Services by United States Muslims The Third Annual Conference of Islamic Economics & Islamic Finance Venue: Chestnut Conference Center, Toronto University, Canada Usage of Islamic Banking and Financial Services by United States Muslims

More information

FACTS About Non-Seminary-Trained Pastors Marjorie H. Royle, Ph.D. Clay Pots Research April, 2011

FACTS About Non-Seminary-Trained Pastors Marjorie H. Royle, Ph.D. Clay Pots Research April, 2011 FACTS About Non-Seminary-Trained Pastors Marjorie H. Royle, Ph.D. Clay Pots Research April, 2011 This report is one of a series summarizing the findings of two major interdenominational and interfaith

More information

POLITICS AND MEDIA SHAPE VIEWS OF WAR ON CHRISTMAS

POLITICS AND MEDIA SHAPE VIEWS OF WAR ON CHRISTMAS For immediate release, Monday, December 23, 2013 Contact: Dan Cassino 973.896.7072 (cell) dcassino@fdu.edu 7 pp. @dancassino POLITICS AND MEDIA SHAPE VIEWS OF WAR ON CHRISTMAS Over the past few years,

More information

RECOMMENDED CITATION: Pew Research Center, Dec. 15, 2014, Most Say Religious Holiday Displays on Public Property Are OK

RECOMMENDED CITATION: Pew Research Center, Dec. 15, 2014, Most Say Religious Holiday Displays on Public Property Are OK NUMBERS, FACTS AND TRENDS SHAPING THE WORLD FOR RELEASE DEC. 15, 2014 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ON THIS REPORT: Alan Cooperman, Director, Religion Research Greg Smith, Associate Director, Research Jessica

More information

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Saturday, August 19 at 10:00 a.m.

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Saturday, August 19 at 10:00 a.m. The study was conducted for CNN via telephone by SSRS, an independent research company. Interviews were conducted from August 03 August 06 2017 among a sample of 1018 respondents. The landline total respondents

More information

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Sunday, November 27 at 8:00 a.m.

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Sunday, November 27 at 8:00 a.m. Interviews with 1,003 adult Americans conducted by telephone by ORC International on November 17-20, 2016. The margin of sampling error for results based on the total sample is plus or minus 3 percentage

More information

Muhlenberg College/Morning Call. Lehigh Valley/Trump/Presidential Election Poll

Muhlenberg College/Morning Call. Lehigh Valley/Trump/Presidential Election Poll Muhlenberg College/Morning Call Lehigh Valley/Trump/Presidential Election Poll The following report contains the results of a telephone survey of 416 registered voters in Lehigh and Northampton Counties

More information

Muhlenberg College/Morning Call 2016 Pennsylvania Election Survey November Version

Muhlenberg College/Morning Call 2016 Pennsylvania Election Survey November Version Muhlenberg College/Morning Call 2016 Pennsylvania Election Survey November Version Key Findings: 1. With Election Day only days away Hillary Clinton holds a 6-point lead in a head-to-head matchup with

More information

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Tuesday, January 23 at Noon

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Tuesday, January 23 at Noon CNN January 2018 The study was conducted for CNN via telephone by SSRS, an independent research company. Interviews were conducted from January 14, 2017 January 18, 2018 among a sample of 1,005 respondents,

More information

Evangelicals, the Gospel, and Jewish People

Evangelicals, the Gospel, and Jewish People Evangelicals, the Gospel, and Jewish People Representative Survey of 2,002 Americans With Evangelical Beliefs Sponsored by Chosen People Ministries and Author, Joel C Rosenberg 2 Methodology LifeWay Research

More information

HOW THE POLL WAS CONDUCTED

HOW THE POLL WAS CONDUCTED HOW THE POLL WAS CONDUCTED This poll was conducted by Mason-Dixon Polling & Strategy, Inc. of Jacksonville, Florida from October 3 through October 9, 2018. A total of 625 registered voters in Florida s

More information

WBUR Boston Area Poll Survey of 509 Registered Voters Field Dates: April 10-13, 2015

WBUR Boston Area Poll Survey of 509 Registered Voters Field Dates: April 10-13, 2015 Conducted for WBUR by WBUR Poll Survey of 509 Registered Voters Field Dates: 10-13, I'm going to read you the names of several people and groups who are active in public affairs. After I read each one

More information

Religious affiliation, religious milieu, and contraceptive use in Nigeria (extended abstract)

Religious affiliation, religious milieu, and contraceptive use in Nigeria (extended abstract) Victor Agadjanian Scott Yabiku Arizona State University Religious affiliation, religious milieu, and contraceptive use in Nigeria (extended abstract) Introduction Religion has played an increasing role

More information

American Views on Christmas. Representative Survey of American

American Views on Christmas. Representative Survey of American American Views on Christmas Representative Survey of American 2 Methodology LifeWay Research conducted the study September 21-23, 2018. The survey was conducted using the web-enabled KnowledgePanel, a

More information

NALEO Educational Fund/Noticias Telemundo/Latino Decisions Weekly Tracking Poll September-November 2016

NALEO Educational Fund/Noticias Telemundo/Latino Decisions Weekly Tracking Poll September-November 2016 1. Thinking ahead to the November 2016 election, what would you say the chances are that you will vote in the election for U.S. President, Congress and other state offices - are you almost certain to vote,

More information

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: TBD

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: TBD The study was conducted for CNN via telephone by SSRS, an independent research company. Interviews were conducted from May 02, 2018 to May 05, 2018 among a sample of 1,015 respondents. The landline total

More information

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Wednesday, September 12 at 6:00 a.m.

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Wednesday, September 12 at 6:00 a.m. The study was conducted for CNN via telephone by SSRS, an independent research company. Interviews were conducted from September 06, 2018 to September 09, 2018 among a sample of 1,003 respondents. The

More information

CONGREGATIONS ON THE GROW: SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISTS IN THE U.S. CONGREGATIONAL LIFE STUDY

CONGREGATIONS ON THE GROW: SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISTS IN THE U.S. CONGREGATIONAL LIFE STUDY CONGREGATIONS ON THE GROW: SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISTS IN THE U.S. CONGREGATIONAL LIFE STUDY The U.S. Congregational Life Survey (USCLS) was a poll of individuals who attend church or other worship facilities

More information

and Voting for Evangelicals in Latin America Appendix

and Voting for Evangelicals in Latin America Appendix Skeletons Under the Altar: Authoritarian Stereotypes and Voting for Evangelicals in Latin America Appendix Taylor C. Boas, Boston University April 10, 2015 1 Representativeness In Chile, the online sample

More information

Churchgoers Views Alcohol. Representative Survey of 1,010 American Churchgoers

Churchgoers Views Alcohol. Representative Survey of 1,010 American Churchgoers Churchgoers Views Alcohol Representative Survey of 1,010 American Churchgoers 2 Methodology LifeWay Research conducted the study August 22 30, 2017. The survey was conducted using the web-enabled KnowledgePanel,

More information

in the 2012 Presidential Vote A compilation of publicly released survey data A Resource Developed by:

in the 2012 Presidential Vote A compilation of publicly released survey data A Resource Developed by: The Role of Faith in the 2012 Presidential Vote A compilation of publicly released survey data A Resource Developed by: Center for the Study of American Culture & Faith AN INITIATIVE OF UNITED IN PURPOSE

More information

Tests of Homogeneity and Independence

Tests of Homogeneity and Independence Tests of Homogeneity and Independence Lecture 52 Sections 14.5 Robb T. Koether Hampden-Sydney College Mon, Apr 26, 2010 Robb T. Koether (Hampden-Sydney College) Tests of Homogeneity and Independence Mon,

More information

Perception of Safety on Campus Group 4: Dara Rahm, Matthew Ketcher, Pedro Santos Sandoval, Debra Lovell

Perception of Safety on Campus Group 4: Dara Rahm, Matthew Ketcher, Pedro Santos Sandoval, Debra Lovell Perception of Safety on Campus Group 4: Dara Rahm, Matthew Ketcher, Pedro Santos Sandoval, Debra Lovell Objectives Do university students have a greater sense of security on a campus that permits the legal

More information

CS485/685 Lecture 5: Jan 19, 2016

CS485/685 Lecture 5: Jan 19, 2016 CS485/685 Lecture 5: Jan 19, 2016 Statistical Learning [RN]: Sec 20.1, 20.2, [M]: Sec. 2.2, 3.2 CS485/685 (c) 2016 P. Poupart 1 Statistical Learning View: we have uncertain knowledge of the world Idea:

More information

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Friday, October 20 at 1:00 p.m.

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Friday, October 20 at 1:00 p.m. CNN October 2017 The study was conducted for CNN via telephone by SSRS, an independent research company. Interviews were conducted from October 12, 2017 October 15 2017 among a sample of 1,010 respondents.

More information

Development, Globalization, and Islamic Finance in Contemporary Indonesia

Development, Globalization, and Islamic Finance in Contemporary Indonesia Development, Globalization, and Islamic Finance in Contemporary Indonesia Thomas B. Pepinsky Department of Government and Modern Indonesia Project Cornell University pepinsky@cornell.edu January 10, 2012

More information

Reagan gets high marks from Virginia voters

Reagan gets high marks from Virginia voters FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE September 4, 2009 INTERVIEWS: DEAN DEBNAM 888-621-6988 / 919-880-4888 (serious media inquiries only please, other questions can be directed to Tom Jensen) QUESTIONS ABOUT THE POLL:

More information

Opinions about the Latin Mass have shifted over time A Majority of adult Catholics express no opinion on return of older liturgy

Opinions about the Latin Mass have shifted over time A Majority of adult Catholics express no opinion on return of older liturgy The Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate News release Contact: Mark Gray August 24, 2009 202-687-0885 mmg34@georgetown.edu Opinions about the Latin Mass have shifted over time A Majority of adult

More information

Russian American Jewish Experience

Russian American Jewish Experience Russian American Jewish Experience RAJE Background & Long Term Impact of the RAJE Fellowship Program Results of the Research Institute for New Americans (RINA) Long Term Impact Study FROM LET MY PEOPLE

More information

The Reform and Conservative Movements in Israel: A Profile and Attitudes

The Reform and Conservative Movements in Israel: A Profile and Attitudes Tamar Hermann Chanan Cohen The Reform and Conservative Movements in Israel: A Profile and Attitudes What percentages of Jews in Israel define themselves as Reform or Conservative? What is their ethnic

More information

I N THEIR OWN VOICES: WHAT IT IS TO BE A MUSLIM AND A CITIZEN IN THE WEST

I N THEIR OWN VOICES: WHAT IT IS TO BE A MUSLIM AND A CITIZEN IN THE WEST P ART I I N THEIR OWN VOICES: WHAT IT IS TO BE A MUSLIM AND A CITIZEN IN THE WEST Methodological Introduction to Chapters Two, Three, and Four In order to contextualize the analyses provided in chapters

More information

NALEO Educational Fund/Noticias Telemundo/Latino Decisions Weekly Tracking Poll September-November Wk 3 (10/3) Wk 4 (10/10) Wk 5 (10/17)

NALEO Educational Fund/Noticias Telemundo/Latino Decisions Weekly Tracking Poll September-November Wk 3 (10/3) Wk 4 (10/10) Wk 5 (10/17) 1. Thinking ahead to the November 2016 election, what would you say the chances are that you will vote in the election for U.S. President, Congress and other state offices - are you almost certain to vote,

More information

3. WHERE PEOPLE STAND

3. WHERE PEOPLE STAND 19 3. WHERE PEOPLE STAND Political theorists disagree about whether consensus assists or hinders the functioning of democracy. On the one hand, many contemporary theorists take the view of Rousseau that

More information

Men practising Christian worship

Men practising Christian worship Men practising Christian worship The results of a YouGov Survey of GB adults All figures are from YouGov Plc. Total sample size was 7,212 GB 16+ adults. Fieldwork was undertaken between 23rd - 26th September

More information

Canadians evenly divided on release of Omar Khadr Lack of consensus also extends to whether Khadr has been treated fairly

Canadians evenly divided on release of Omar Khadr Lack of consensus also extends to whether Khadr has been treated fairly Canadians evenly divided on release of Omar Khadr Lack of consensus also extends to whether Khadr has been treated fairly Page 1 of 12 May 25, 2015 More than a dozen years after he allegedly killed an

More information

MISSOURI S FRAMEWORK FOR CURRICULAR DEVELOPMENT IN MATH TOPIC I: PROBLEM SOLVING

MISSOURI S FRAMEWORK FOR CURRICULAR DEVELOPMENT IN MATH TOPIC I: PROBLEM SOLVING Prentice Hall Mathematics:,, 2004 Missouri s Framework for Curricular Development in Mathematics (Grades 9-12) TOPIC I: PROBLEM SOLVING 1. Problem-solving strategies such as organizing data, drawing a

More information

January Parish Life Survey. Saint Paul Parish Macomb, Illinois

January Parish Life Survey. Saint Paul Parish Macomb, Illinois January 2018 Parish Life Survey Saint Paul Parish Macomb, Illinois Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate Georgetown University Washington, DC Parish Life Survey Saint Paul Parish Macomb, Illinois

More information

WBUR Boston Area Poll Survey of 509 Registered Voters Field Dates: April 10-13, 2015

WBUR Boston Area Poll Survey of 509 Registered Voters Field Dates: April 10-13, 2015 Conducted for WBUR by WBUR Poll Survey of 509 Registered Voters Field Dates: 10-13, I'm going to read you the names of several people and groups who are active in public affairs. After I read each one

More information

MISCONCEPTIONS FUEL DEEP UNPOPULARITY OF COMMON CORE

MISCONCEPTIONS FUEL DEEP UNPOPULARITY OF COMMON CORE For immediate release Thursday, February 19, 2015 Contact: Dan Cassino 973.896.7072 dcassino@fdu.edu @dancassino 13 pages MISCONCEPTIONS FUEL DEEP UNPOPULARITY OF COMMON CORE As millions of students across

More information

Churchgoers Views - Prosperity. Representative Survey of 1,010 American Churchgoers

Churchgoers Views - Prosperity. Representative Survey of 1,010 American Churchgoers Churchgoers Views - Prosperity Representative Survey of 1,010 American Churchgoers 2 Methodology LifeWay Research conducted the study August 22 30, 2017. The survey was conducted using the web-enabled

More information

Oregon Media Mayoral Tracker Survey May 10-12, 2012; N=500 City of Portland likely voters 5 minutes; Margin of error +/-2.8% to 4.

Oregon Media Mayoral Tracker Survey May 10-12, 2012; N=500 City of Portland likely voters 5 minutes; Margin of error +/-2.8% to 4. 203 SW Pine Street Portland, OR 97204 503.220.0575 www.dhmresearch.com @DHMresearch Oregon Media Mayoral Tracker Survey May 10-12, 2012; City of Portland likely voters 5 minutes; Margin of error +/-2.8%

More information

1. With regard to school, are you currently enrolled at any of the following? Please select all that apply: Total: 4-Year College

1. With regard to school, are you currently enrolled at any of the following? Please select all that apply: Total: 4-Year College Survey of Young Americans Attitudes toward Politics and Public Service 18 th Edition: September 24 October 4, 2010 N=2,004 18-29 Year Olds in English and Spanish (with Knowledge Networks) Margin of Error

More information

A Comparison of Pentecostal and Mainline Churchgoers in Nigeria s South South NPCRC Technical Report #N1106

A Comparison of Pentecostal and Mainline Churchgoers in Nigeria s South South NPCRC Technical Report #N1106 A Comparison of and Churchgoers in Nigeria s South South NPCRC Technical Report #N1106 Dr. K. A. Korb 28 November 2012 1 Executive Summary The Nigerian and Charismatic Research Centre collected information

More information

Protestant Pastors Views on the Economy. Survey of 1,000 Protestant Pastors

Protestant Pastors Views on the Economy. Survey of 1,000 Protestant Pastors Protestant Pastors Views on the Economy Survey of 1,000 Protestant Pastors 2 Methodology The telephone survey of Protestant pastors was conducted January 8-22, 2016 The calling list was a stratified random

More information

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Monday, June 20 at 4:00 p.m.

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Monday, June 20 at 4:00 p.m. Interviews with 1,001 adult Americans conducted by telephone by ORC International on June 16-19, 2016. The margin of sampling error for results based on the total sample is plus or minus 3 percentage points.

More information