# What could be some limitations to using fingerprints as evidence? Sep 2 12:58 PM

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "What could be some limitations to using fingerprints as evidence? Sep 2 12:58 PM"

Transcription

1 2 4 Deductive Reasoning Learning Targets: I understand deductive reasoning I can use the Law of Detachment I can use a Venn diagram to draw conclusions I can use the Law of Syllogism What other evidence might a detective collect? Why is eliminating suspects useful for detectives? What could be some limitations to using fingerprints as evidence? Sep 2 12:58 PM Deductive Reasoning: reasoning using facts, rules, definitions, or properties to reach logical conclusions from given statements. 1. In Miguel's town, the month of April has had the most rain for the past 5 years. He thinks that April will have the most rain this year. 2. Sandra learned that if it is cloudy at night it will not be as cold in the morning as it would be if there are no clouds at night. Sandra knows it will be cloudy tonight, so she believes it will not be cold tomorrow morning. 3. All of the signature items on the restaurant's menu shown are noted with a special symbol. Kevin orders a menu item that has this symbol next to it, so he concludes that the menu item that he has ordered is a signature item. 4. None of the students who ride Raul's bus own a car. Ebony rides a bus to school, so Raul concludes that Ebony does not own a car. Jul 29 6:35 PM 1

2 While one counterexample is enough to disprove a conjecture reached using inductive reasoning, it is not a logically correct (or valid) way of proving a conjecture. To prove a conjecture requires deductive reasoning. Law of Detachment is one form of deductive reasoning Jul 29 6:54 PM Jul 29 7:27 PM 2

3 Determine whether the conclusion is valid based on the given information. If not, write invalid. Explain your reasoning. 5. Given: If a figure is a square, then it is a parallelogram. The figure is a parallelogram. Conclusion: The figure is a square. 6. Given: If three points are noncollinear, they determine a plane. Points A, B, and C lie in place G. Conclusion: Points A, B, and C are noncollinear. 7. Given: If a student turns in a permission slip, then the student can go on the field trip. Felipe turned in his permission slip. Conclusion: Felipe can go on the field trip. Jul 29 7:31 PM Jul 29 7:42 PM 3

4 Determine whether the conclusion is valid based on the given information. If not, write invalid. Explain your reasoning using a Venn diagram. 8. Given: If a triangle is equilateral, then it is an acute triangle. The triangle is equilateral. Conclusion: The triangle is acute. 9. Given: If a figure is a square, then it is a polygon. Figure A is a square. Conclusion: Figure A is a polygon. Jul 29 7:55 PM Law of Syllogism: another valid for of deductive reasoning. This law allows you to draw conclusions from two true conditional statements when the conclusion of one statement is the hypothesis of the other. REMEMBER: if the conclusion of the first statement is not the hypothesis of the second statement, no valid conclusion can be drawn. Jul 29 8:06 PM 4

5 Jul 29 6:59 PM Determine which statement follows logically from the given statements. 10. (1) If Jamal finishes his homework, he will go out with his friends. (2) If Jamal goes out with his friends, he will go to the movies. A. If Jamal goes out with his friends, then he finishes his homework. B. If Jamal finishes his homework, he will go to the movies. C. If Jamal does not go to the movies, he does not go out with his friends. D. There is no valid conclusion. 11. (1) If you do not get enough sleep, then you will be tired. (2) If you are tired, then you will not do well on the test. F. If you are tired, then you will not get enough sleep. G. If you do not get enough sleep, then you will not do well on the test. H. If you do not do well on the test, then you did not get enough sleep. J. There is no valid conclusion. Jul 29 8:13 PM 5

6 Example 5: Draw a valid conclusion from the given statements, if possible. Then state whether your conclusion was drawn using the Law of Detachment or the Law of Syllogism. If no valid conclusion can be drawn, write no conclusion and explain your reasoning. 12. Given: If it snows more than 5 inches, school will be closed. It snows 7 inches. 13. Given: The midpoint divides a segment into two congruent segments. If two segments are congruent, then their measures are equal. M is the midpoint of AB. Jul 29 8:18 PM 6

### Geometry 2.3.notebook October 02, 2015

Do Now Write the converse of each true statement. If true, combine the statements to write a true biconditional. If the converse is false, give a counterexample. a) If an angle measures 30 o, then it is

### Geometry TEST Review Chapter 2 - Logic

Geometry TEST Review Chapter 2 - Logic Name Period Date Symbolic notation: 1. Define the following symbols. a b ~ c d e g a b c d a b c d 2. Consider the following legend: Let p = You love bananas. Let

### Perry High School. Geometry: Week 5

Geometry: Week 5 Monday: Exam 1a Debrief Tuesday: Exam 1b Wednesday: 2.1 Conditional Statements Thursday: 2.2 Definitions and Biconditional Statements Friday: 2.2 Work Day Next Week 2.3, 2.4, 2.5 1 Monday:

### correlated to the Massachussetts Learning Standards for Geometry C14

correlated to the Massachussetts Learning Standards for Geometry C14 12/2003 2004 McDougal Littell Geometry 2004 correlated to the Massachussetts Learning Standards for Geometry Note: The parentheses at

### SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.

Exam Name SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. Draw a Venn diagram for the given sets. In words, explain why you drew one set as a subset of

### Example Arguments ID1050 Quantitative & Qualitative Reasoning

Example Arguments ID1050 Quantitative & Qualitative Reasoning First Steps to Analyzing an Argument In the following slides, some simple arguments will be given. The steps to begin analyzing each argument

### PHILOSOPHY 102 INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC PRACTICE EXAM 1. W# Section (10 or 11) 4. T F The statements that compose a disjunction are called conjuncts.

PHILOSOPHY 102 INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC PRACTICE EXAM 1 W# Section (10 or 11) 1. True or False (5 points) Directions: Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. T F All true statements are valid. 2. T

### G.CO.C.9: Inverse, Converse, Contrapositive and Conditional Statements 1b

Regents Exam Questions Name: www.jmap.org 1 What is the inverse of the statement If two triangles are not similar, their corresponding angles are not congruent? 2 What is the inverse of the statement If

### Chapter 1. Introduction. 1.1 Deductive and Plausible Reasoning Strong Syllogism

Contents 1 Introduction 3 1.1 Deductive and Plausible Reasoning................... 3 1.1.1 Strong Syllogism......................... 3 1.1.2 Weak Syllogism.......................... 4 1.1.3 Transitivity

### Review Deductive Logic. Wk2 Day 2. Critical Thinking Ninjas! Steps: 1.Rephrase as a syllogism. 2.Choose your weapon

Review Deductive Logic Wk2 Day 2 Checking Validity of Deductive Argument Steps: 1.Rephrase as a syllogism Identify premises and conclusion. Look out for unstated premises. Place them in order P(1), P(2),

### Logic: A Brief Introduction. Ronald L. Hall, Stetson University

Logic: A Brief Introduction Ronald L. Hall, Stetson University 2012 CONTENTS Part I Critical Thinking Chapter 1 Basic Training 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Logic, Propositions and Arguments 1.3 Deduction and Induction

### Logic Book Part 1! by Skylar Ruloff!

Logic Book Part 1 by Skylar Ruloff Contents Introduction 3 I Validity and Soundness 4 II Argument Forms 10 III Counterexamples and Categorical Statements 15 IV Strength and Cogency 21 2 Introduction This

### Philosophy 1100: Introduction to Ethics. Critical Thinking Lecture 1. Background Material for the Exercise on Validity

Philosophy 1100: Introduction to Ethics Critical Thinking Lecture 1 Background Material for the Exercise on Validity Reasons, Arguments, and the Concept of Validity 1. The Concept of Validity Consider

### In more precise language, we have both conditional statements and bi-conditional statements.

MATD 0385. Day 5. Feb. 3, 2010 Last updated Feb. 3, 2010 Logic. Sections 3-4, part 2, page 1 of 8 What does logic tell us about conditional statements? When I surveyed the class a couple of days ago, many

### Assignment Assignment for Lesson 3.1

Assignment Assignment for Lesson.1 Name Date A Little Dash of Logic Two Methods of Logical Reasoning Joseph reads a journal article that states that yogurt with live cultures greatly helps digestion and

### Exercise 2-1 Instructions: Identify the premises and conclusions in the following arguments.

Chapter 2 Homework Exercise 2-1 Instructions: Identify the premises and conclusions in the following arguments. # 1) Since all Communists are Marxists, all Marxists are Communists. # 2) The Lakers almost

### Phil. 103: Introduction to Logic The Structure of Arguments

Phil. 103: Introduction to Logic The Structure of Arguments Spring 2008 c 2008 GFDL 1 Diagramming Arguments Directions: First, indicate whether each problem below is an arguments. If a passage is not an

### INSTRUCTION: ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS or COMPLETE THE STATEMENTS BY CHOOSING THE BEST

INSTRUCTION: ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS or COMPLETE THE STATEMENTS BY CHOOSING THE BEST CHOICE. 1. Could you please stop -? I m trying on my work. a. to whistle / to concentrate b. whistling / to concentrate

### Baronett, Logic (4th ed.) Chapter Guide

Chapter 6: Categorical Syllogisms Baronett, Logic (4th ed.) Chapter Guide A. Standard-form Categorical Syllogisms A categorical syllogism is an argument containing three categorical propositions: two premises

### 1. To arrive at the truth we have to reason correctly. 2. Logic is the study of correct reasoning. B. DEDUCTIVE AND INDUCTIVE ARGUMENTS

I. LOGIC AND ARGUMENTATION 1 A. LOGIC 1. To arrive at the truth we have to reason correctly. 2. Logic is the study of correct reasoning. 3. It doesn t attempt to determine how people in fact reason. 4.

### INDUCTION. All inductive reasoning is based on an assumption called the UNIFORMITY OF NATURE.

INDUCTION John Stuart Mill wrote the first comprehensive study of inductive logic. Deduction had been studied extensively since ancient times, but induction had to wait until the 19 th century! The cartoon

### Deduction. Of all the modes of reasoning, deductive arguments have the strongest relationship between the premises

Deduction Deductive arguments, deduction, deductive logic all means the same thing. They are different ways of referring to the same style of reasoning Deduction is just one mode of reasoning, but it is

### 1.5. Argument Forms: Proving Invalidity

18. If inflation heats up, then interest rates will rise. If interest rates rise, then bond prices will decline. Therefore, if inflation heats up, then bond prices will decline. 19. Statistics reveal that

Reading and Evaluating Arguments Learning Objectives: To recognize the elements of an argument To recognize types of arguments To evaluate arguments To recognize errors in logical reasoning An argument

### Philosophy 1100: Ethics

Philosophy 1100: Ethics Topic 1 - Course Introduction: 1. What is Philosophy? 2. What is Ethics? 3. Logic a. Truth b. Arguments c. Validity d. Soundness What is Philosophy? The Three Fundamental Questions

### Phil. 103: Introduction to Logic The Structure of Arguments

Phil. 103: Introduction to Logic The Structure of Arguments Spring 2005 c 2005 GFDL 1 Diagramming Arguments Directions: First, indicate whether the passages quoted below are arguments. If a passage is

### As noted, a deductive argument is intended to provide logically conclusive support for its conclusion. We have certainty with deductive arguments in

As noted, a deductive argument is intended to provide logically conclusive support for its conclusion. We have certainty with deductive arguments in that if the premises of the argument are true, then

### Logic, reasoning and fallacies. Example 0: valid reasoning. Decide how to make a random choice. Valid reasoning. Random choice of X, Y, Z, n

Logic, reasoning and fallacies and some puzzling Before we start Introductory Examples Karst Koymans Informatics Institute University of Amsterdam (version 16.3, 2016/11/21 12:58:26) Wednesday, November

### FE Review (G7_Geometry) #3

FE Review (G7_Geometry) #3 Basic Math / FND M010 FA 14 10396-10N20FD02-Nap (Prof. Abdon) Student Name/ID: 1. Find the perimeter of the following polygon. Be sure to include the correct unit in your answer.

### Tutorial A02: Validity and Soundness By: Jonathan Chan

A02.1 Definition of validity Tutorial A02: Validity and Soundness By: One desirable feature of arguments is that the conclusion should follow from the premises. But what does it mean? Consider these two

### 13.6 Euler Diagrams and Syllogistic Arguments

EulerDiagrams.nb 1 13.6 Euler Diagrams and Syllogistic rguments In the preceding section, we showed how to determine the validity of symbolic arguments using truth tables and comparing the arguments to

### Selections from Aristotle s Prior Analytics 41a21 41b5

Lesson Seventeen The Conditional Syllogism Selections from Aristotle s Prior Analytics 41a21 41b5 It is clear then that the ostensive syllogisms are effected by means of the aforesaid figures; these considerations

### There are two common forms of deductively valid conditional argument: modus ponens and modus tollens.

INTRODUCTION TO LOGICAL THINKING Lecture 6: Two types of argument and their role in science: Deduction and induction 1. Deductive arguments Arguments that claim to provide logically conclusive grounds

### In a previous lecture, we used Aristotle s syllogisms to emphasize the

The Flow of Argument Lecture 9 In a previous lecture, we used Aristotle s syllogisms to emphasize the central concept of validity. Visualizing syllogisms in terms of three-circle Venn diagrams gave us

### Lecture 3 Arguments Jim Pryor What is an Argument? Jim Pryor Vocabulary Describing Arguments

Lecture 3 Arguments Jim Pryor What is an Argument? Jim Pryor Vocabulary Describing Arguments 1 Agenda 1. What is an Argument? 2. Evaluating Arguments 3. Validity 4. Soundness 5. Persuasive Arguments 6.

### The antecendent always a expresses a sufficient condition for the consequent

Critical Thinking Lecture Four October 5, 2012 Chapter 3 Deductive Argument Patterns Diagramming Arguments Deductive Argument Patterns - There are some common patterns shared by many deductive arguments

### Basic Concepts and Skills!

Basic Concepts and Skills! Critical Thinking tests rationales,! i.e., reasons connected to conclusions by justifying or explaining principles! Why do CT?! Answer: Opinions without logical or evidential

### It Ain t What You Prove, It s the Way That You Prove It. a play by Chris Binge

It Ain t What You Prove, It s the Way That You Prove It a play by Chris Binge (From Alchin, Nicholas. Theory of Knowledge. London: John Murray, 2003. Pp. 66-69.) Teacher: Good afternoon class. For homework

### Section 3.5. Symbolic Arguments. Copyright 2013, 2010, 2007, Pearson, Education, Inc.

Section 3.5 Symbolic Arguments What You Will Learn Symbolic arguments Standard forms of arguments 3.5-2 Symbolic Arguments A symbolic argument consists of a set of premises and a conclusion. It is called

### Part 2 Module 4: Categorical Syllogisms

Part 2 Module 4: Categorical Syllogisms Consider Argument 1 and Argument 2, and select the option that correctly identifies the valid argument(s), if any. Argument 1 All bears are omnivores. All omnivores

### Chapter 5: Ways of knowing Reason (p. 111)

Chapter 5: Ways of knowing Reason (p. 111) Neils Bohr (1885 1962) to Einstein: You are not thinking. You are merely being logical. Reason is one of the four ways of knowing: Perception Language Emotion

### REASONING SYLLOGISM. Subject Predicate Distributed Not Distributed Distributed Distributed

REASONING SYLLOGISM DISTRIBUTION OF THE TERMS The word "Distrlbution" is meant to characterise the ways in which terrns can occur in Categorical Propositions. A Proposition distributes a terrn if it refers

### L4: Reasoning. Dani Navarro

L4: Reasoning Dani Navarro Deductive reasoning Inductive reasoning Informal reasoning WE talk of man* being the rational animal; and the traditional intellectualist philosophy has always made a great point

### PRACTICE EXAM The state of Israel was in a state of mourning today because of the assassination of Yztzak Rabin.

PRACTICE EXAM 1 I. Decide which of the following are arguments. For those that are, identify the premises and conclusions in them by CIRCLING them and labeling them with a P for the premises or a C for

### Deccan Education Society s FERGUSSON COLLEGE, PUNE (AUTONOMOUS) SYLLABUS UNDER AUTONOMY FIRST YEAR B.A. LOGIC SEMESTER I

Deccan Education Society s FERGUSSON COLLEGE, PUNE (AUTONOMOUS) SYLLABUS UNDER AUTONOMY FIRST YEAR B.A. LOGIC SEMESTER I Academic Year 2016-2017 Department: PHILOSOPHY Deccan Education Society s FERGUSSON

### Time, Self and Mind (ATS1835) Introduc;on to Philosophy B Semester 2, Dr Ron Gallagher Week 5: Can Machines Think?

Time, Self and Mind (ATS1835) Introduc;on to Philosophy B Semester 2, 2016 Dr Ron Gallagher ron.gallagher@monash.edu Week 5: Can Machines Think? Last week s tutorial discussions on mind Singer s distinction

### Venn Diagrams and Categorical Syllogisms. Unit 5

Venn Diagrams and Categorical Syllogisms Unit 5 John Venn 1834 1923 English logician and philosopher noted for introducing the Venn diagram Used in set theory, probability, logic, statistics, and computer

### Phil-004 (Galindo): Spring 14 - Quiz #4

Ch 8: Choose the best categorical claim translation of the claims below. (1pt each) 1. Which is the best translation for this claim: "Every baseball player is an athlete. a. All baseball players are athletes.

### Section 3.5. Symbolic Arguments. Copyright 2013, 2010, 2007, Pearson, Education, Inc.

Section 3.5 Symbolic Arguments INB able of Contents Date opic Page # July 28, 2014 Section 3.5 Examples 84 July 28, 2014 Section 3.5 Notes 85 July 28, 2014 Section 3.6 Examples 86 July 28, 2014 Section

### Relevance. Premises are relevant to the conclusion when the truth of the premises provide some evidence that the conclusion is true

Relevance Premises are relevant to the conclusion when the truth of the premises provide some evidence that the conclusion is true Premises are irrelevant when they do not 1 Non Sequitur Latin for it does

### On Priest on nonmonotonic and inductive logic

On Priest on nonmonotonic and inductive logic Greg Restall School of Historical and Philosophical Studies The University of Melbourne Parkville, 3010, Australia restall@unimelb.edu.au http://consequently.org/

### MISSOURI S FRAMEWORK FOR CURRICULAR DEVELOPMENT IN MATH TOPIC I: PROBLEM SOLVING

Prentice Hall Mathematics:,, 2004 Missouri s Framework for Curricular Development in Mathematics (Grades 9-12) TOPIC I: PROBLEM SOLVING 1. Problem-solving strategies such as organizing data, drawing a

### Thinking and Reasoning

Syllogistic Reasoning Thinking and Reasoning Syllogistic Reasoning Erol ÖZÇELİK The other key type of deductive reasoning is syllogistic reasoning, which is based on the use of syllogisms. Syllogisms are

### Part II: How to Evaluate Deductive Arguments

Part II: How to Evaluate Deductive Arguments Week 4: Propositional Logic and Truth Tables Lecture 4.1: Introduction to deductive logic Deductive arguments = presented as being valid, and successful only

### Recall. Validity: If the premises are true the conclusion must be true. Soundness. Valid; and. Premises are true

Recall Validity: If the premises are true the conclusion must be true Soundness Valid; and Premises are true Validity In order to determine if an argument is valid, we must evaluate all of the sets of

### Geometry Standard Lesson Plan Overview

Geometry Standard Lesson Plan Overview This Standard Lesson Plan allocates 90 days for each semester. Test Packet, supplementary material to the Student Text and Teacher s Edition Teacher s Toolkit CD,

### Phil. 103: Introduction to Logic Test 1: The Structure of Arguments

Phil. 103: Introduction to Logic Test 1: The Structure of Arguments Fall 2003 c 2003 GFDL 1 Diagramming Arguments Directions: First, indicate whether the passages quoted below are arguments or not. If

### Reasoning SYLLOGISM. follows.

Reasoning SYLLOGISM RULES FOR DERIVING CONCLUSIONS 1. The Conclusion does not contain the Middle Term (M). Premises : All spoons are plates. Some spoons are cups. Invalid Conclusion : All spoons are cups.

### Reasoning CK-12. Say Thanks to the Authors Click (No sign in required)

Reasoning CK-12 Say Thanks to the Authors Click http://www.ck12.org/saythanks (No sign in required) To access a customizable version of this book, as well as other interactive content, visit www.ck12.org

### Pastor-teacher Don Hargrove Faith Bible Church September 8, 2011

Pastor-teacher Don Hargrove Faith Bible Church http://www.fbcweb.org/doctrines.html September 8, 2011 Building Mental Muscle & Growing the Mind through Logic Exercises: Lesson 4a The Three Acts of the

### Session 10 INDUCTIVE REASONONING IN THE SCIENCES & EVERYDAY LIFE( PART 1)

UGRC 150 CRITICAL THINKING & PRACTICAL REASONING Session 10 INDUCTIVE REASONONING IN THE SCIENCES & EVERYDAY LIFE( PART 1) Lecturer: Dr. Mohammed Majeed, Dept. of Philosophy & Classics, UG Contact Information:

### 7) UVW IWK 9) BCD TSD 11) NML NJI LNM?

2 6) 7)?? 8) 9)?? 10) 11)?? 3 12) 13)?? 14) 15)?? 16) 17)?? 4 18) 19)?? 20) 21)?? 22) 23)?? 5 24) 25)?? 26) 27)?? 28) 29)?? 6 30) 31)?? 32) 33)?? 34) 35)?? 7 36) 37)?? 38) 39)?? 40) 41)?? 42) 43)?? 8 44)

### SYLLOGISTIC LOGIC CATEGORICAL PROPOSITIONS

Prof. C. Byrne Dept. of Philosophy SYLLOGISTIC LOGIC Syllogistic logic is the original form in which formal logic was developed; hence it is sometimes also referred to as Aristotelian logic after Aristotle,

### Logic: The Science that Evaluates Arguments

Logic: The Science that Evaluates Arguments Logic teaches us to develop a system of methods and principles to use as criteria for evaluating the arguments of others to guide us in constructing arguments

### McDougal Littell High School Math Program. correlated to. Oregon Mathematics Grade-Level Standards

Math Program correlated to Grade-Level ( in regular (non-capitalized) font are eligible for inclusion on Oregon Statewide Assessment) CCG: NUMBERS - Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships

### Answers to Practice Problems 6.5

Answers to Practice Problems 6.5 1. This philosopher coined the term abductive reasoning. a. Karl Popper b. Charles Sanders Peirce c. Aristotle d. G. W. F. Hegel 2. Sherlock Holmes is often said to be

### ENGLISH VERB TENSES FORMS, USES, AND EXAMPLES

1 ENGLISH VERB TENSES FORMS, USES, AND EXAMPLES Present Simple Tense Base verb, 3 rd Person Singular s (I work, He works) 1. To refer to a situation or affairs as permanent (Water boils at 100 C.) 2. To

### Introduction to Philosophy

Introduction to Philosophy Philosophy 110W Russell Marcus Hamilton College, Fall 2013 Class 1 - Introduction to Introduction to Philosophy My name is Russell. My office is 202 College Hill Road, Room 210.

### Persuasive Argument Relies heavily on appeals to emotion, to the subconscious, even to bias and prejudice. Characterized by figurative language,

Persuasive Argument Relies heavily on appeals to emotion, to the subconscious, even to bias and prejudice. Characterized by figurative language, rhythmic patterns of speech, etc. Logical Argument Appeals

### Unit 2. Spelling Most Common Words Root Words. Student Page. Most Common Words

1. the 2. of 3. and 4. a 5. to 6. in 7. is 8. you 9. that 10. it 11. he 12. for 13. was 14. on 15. are 16. as 17. with 18. his 19. they 20. at 21. be 22. this 23. from 24. I 25. have 26. or 27. by 28.

Logic, Deductive And Inductive By Carveth Read READ ONLINE If searched for a ebook by Carveth Read Logic, deductive and inductive in pdf form, in that case you come on to the faithful website. We present

### 5.6.1 Formal validity in categorical deductive arguments

Deductive arguments are commonly used in various kinds of academic writing. In order to be able to perform a critique of deductive arguments, we will need to understand their basic structure. As will be

### Inglês CHAPTERS 13 to 14

1. Fill in the blank with the appropriate modal verbs (can, could / may, might / shall, should / must / had better / ought to / have to). Write all possible answers, but do NOT use will or would. a) please

### Moon s Day, March 23: Elementary Reasoning

Moon s Day, March 23: Elementary Reasoning EQ: What are INDUCTIVE and DEDUCTIVE arguments? Welcome! Gather pen/cil, paper, wits! Lecture/Discussion: Inductive vs. Deductive Activity/Homework: Inductive

### Georgia Quality Core Curriculum

correlated to the Grade 8 Georgia Quality Core Curriculum McDougal Littell 3/2000 Objective (Cite Numbers) M.8.1 Component Strand/Course Content Standard All Strands: Problem Solving; Algebra; Computation

### A romp through the foothills of logic Session 3

A romp through the foothills of logic Session 3 It would be a good idea to watch the short podcast Understanding Truth Tables before attempting this podcast. (Slide 2) In the last session we learnt how

### Grade 6 Math Connects Suggested Course Outline for Schooling at Home

Grade 6 Math Connects Suggested Course Outline for Schooling at Home I. Introduction: (1 day) Look at p. 1 in the textbook with your child and learn how to use the math book effectively. DO: Scavenger

### Directions: For Problems 1-10, determine whether the given statement is either True (A) or False (B).

Critical Thinking Exam 2: Chapter 3 PLEASE DO NOT WRITE ON THIS EXAM. Directions: For Problems 1-10, determine whether the given statement is either True (A) or False (B). 1. Valid arguments never have

### Modal verbs of obligation. LEVEL NUMBER LANGUAGE Beginner A2_1057G_EN English

Modal verbs of obligation GRAMMAR LEVEL NUMBER LANGUAGE Beginner A2_1057G_EN English Goals Learn words for obligations Practise the different meanings of these words 2 I must work on Mondays. I don t have

### 1. The logic problem about the dragon went smoothly. The participants not only gave the right answers, but also explained (proved!) them.

Lesson 12 December 24, 2009 BMC Elementary Overview. The attached handouts on symmetry contain more than we covered in class: in advance it was not clear for me, how far we would go, so I prepared extra

### Faith indeed tells what the senses do not tell, but not the contrary of what they see. It is above them and not contrary to them.

19 Chapter 3 19 CHAPTER 3: Logic Faith indeed tells what the senses do not tell, but not the contrary of what they see. It is above them and not contrary to them. The last proceeding of reason is to recognize

### Grade 7 Math Connects Suggested Course Outline for Schooling at Home 132 lessons

Grade 7 Math Connects Suggested Course Outline for Schooling at Home 132 lessons I. Introduction: (1 day) Look at p. 1 in the textbook with your child and learn how to use the math book effectively. DO:

### 2. Refutations can be stronger or weaker.

Lecture 8: Refutation Philosophy 130 October 25 & 27, 2016 O Rourke I. Administrative A. Schedule see syllabus as well! B. Questions? II. Refutation A. Arguments are typically used to establish conclusions.

Lecture 8: Refutation Philosophy 130 March 19 & 24, 2015 O Rourke I. Administrative A. Roll B. Schedule C. Exam #1 comments on difficult spots; if you have questions about this, please let me know D. Discussion

### Inductive Reasoning. Inductive Reasoning Example #1

Inductive Reasoning Inductive reasoning begins with a series of specific facts or data (evidence) and moves to a general statement or conclusion based on the evidence. In inductive reasoning, the specific

### MODAL VERBS EXERCISES

MODAL VERBS EXERCISES 01. Put in 'can', 'can't', 'could' or 'couldn't'. If none of these is possible use 'be able to' in the correct tense. A) you swim when you were 10? B) We get to the meeting on time

### Questions for Critically Reading an Argument

ARGUMENT Questions for Critically Reading an Argument What claims does the writer make? What kinds and quality of evidence does the writer provide to support the claim? What assumptions underlie the argument,

What is an argument? PHIL 110 Lecture on Chapter 3 of How to think about weird things An argument is a collection of two or more claims, one of which is the conclusion and the rest of which are the premises.

### PLEASE DO NOT WRITE ON THIS QUIZ

PLEASE DO NOT WRITE ON THIS QUIZ Critical Thinking: Quiz 4 Chapter Three: Argument Evaluation Section I. Indicate whether the following claims (1-10) are either true (A) or false (B). 1. If an arguer precedes

### What is a logical argument? What is deductive reasoning? Fundamentals of Academic Writing

What is a logical argument? What is deductive reasoning? Fundamentals of Academic Writing Logical relations Deductive logic Claims to provide conclusive support for the truth of a conclusion Inductive

### 1)Asher: create a handout for the week summing up LOGIC

1)Asher: create a handout for the week summing up LOGIC 2)OWN this LESSON...add to it and send by back TUES..(put in common errors from prior weeks based on Daily Exits. tests, you walking around and seeing

### CHAPTER THREE Philosophical Argument

CHAPTER THREE Philosophical Argument General Overview: As our students often attest, we all live in a complex world filled with demanding issues and bewildering challenges. In order to determine those

### Logic Practice Test 1

Logic Practice Test 1 Name True or False 1. Implying is said to be analogous to hearing. 2. Opinions can be mistaken, but knowledge cannot. 3. According to the book, whatever a person thinks is true is

### PHLA10F 2. PHLA10F What is Philosophy?

2 What is Philosophy? What is Philosophy? Philosophical Questions Fundamental General Conceptual Analysis Why no Philosophical Labs? Thought experiments The Hand Off No mystic gurus! Plato What is an argument?

### THE USELESSNESS OF VENN DIAGRAMS*

J. VAN DORMOLEN THE USELESSNESS OF VENN DIAGRAMS* Attempts at introducing notions like intersection, subset, element of a set to highschool students by means of Venn diagrams turned out to be less successful

### Syllogism. Exam Importance Exam Importance. CAT Very Important IBPS/Bank PO Very Important. XAT Very Important BANK Clerk Very Important

1 About Disha publication One of the leading publishers in India, Disha Publication provides books and study materials for schools and various competitive exams being continuously held across the country.

### Module 3 : English Grammar. Index

Module 3 : English Grammar Index Chapter No. 1 2 3 4 5 Name Page No. Simple Future Tense Future Continuous Tense Future Perfect Tense Future Perfect Continuous Tense Practice s and Answer Key 3-4 6-6 1-3