"Whence shall we expect the approach of danger, shall some transatlantic giant step the earth and crush us at a blow? Never. All the armies of Europe

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1 "Whence shall we expect the approach of danger, shall some transatlantic giant step the earth and crush us at a blow? Never. All the armies of Europe and Asia could not by force take a drink from the Ohio River, or make a track on the Blue Ridge in the trial of a thousand years. If destruction be our lot we must ourselves be its author, and finisher. As a nation of free men we will live forever, or die by suicide." Abraham Lincoln -1837

2 EVENTS LEADING TO THE CIVIL WAR

3 CH. 14 Divided Nation Define- sectionalism BACKGROUND NORTHWEST ORDINANCE 1787 OUTLINES STEPS FOR STATEHOOD BANNED SLAVERY NORTH OF THE OHIO RIVER

4 Missouri compromise1832 background ALABAMA -MISSOURI APPLY FOR STATEHOOD AS SLAVE STATES AGREEMENT HAS BEEN MADE IN CONGRESS TO KEEP A BALANCE OF FREE vs. SLAVE STATES ALABAMA S ADMISSION WOULD MAKE THINGS EQUAL AGAIN MISSOURI S ADMISSION WOULD- -TIP THE BALANCE TO SLAVE STATES IN CONGRESS and MISSOURI WAS MOSTLY ABOVE THE OHIO RIVER

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6 MISSOURI COMPROMISE 1832 MISSOURI ADMITTED AS A SLAVE STATE MAINE ADMITTED AS A FREE STATE BALANCE MAINTAINED 12 TO LINE DRAWN-NORTH ABOVE LINE IS FREE, BELOW IS SLAVE STATE 1846-Wilmott Proviso- passed in the House but not Senate. Would have banned slavery in land won from the Mexican-American War. Sectionalism grows Free Soil Party- anti-slavery northerners support Proviso

7 Missouri Compromise

8 Missouri Comp 1832 What did the South get? Missouri Slavery has expanded What did the north get? line Not a lot of room for slavery to expand Maine

9 Abolitionist Literature

10 Underground Railroad 1000 SLAVES A YEAR WERE RUNNING AWAY VIA UNDERGROUND RAILROAD

11 COMPROMISE OF 1850 background NAT TURNER AND FOLLOWERS KILL SOME 60 WHITE MEN, WOMEN AND CHILDREN SOUTHERNERS STUNNED BY SLAVES STANDING UP FOR THEMSELVES SOUTH CRACKS DOWN REGARDING STRICT SLAVE CODES

12 BACKGROUND Comp. of 1850 CALIFORNIA, NEW MEXICO AND UTAH TERR. ADMITTED INTO THE UNION WHAT TO DO WITH SLAVERY IN THE NEW TERRITORIES CALIFORNIA APPLIES FOR STATEHOOD AS FREE STATE

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14 RESULTS CALIFORNIA ADMITTED AS A FREE STATE NEW MEXICO AND UTAH TERR. OPEN TO SLAVERY SLAVE TRADE ABOLISHED IN WASHINGTON, DC. STRONG FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW PASSED

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16 Comp. of 1850 What did the South get? Slaver expanded again New Mexico-Utah open to slavery Strong fugitive slave law What did the North get? Calif. Admitted as Free state Slave trade abolished in D.C.

17 1852-UNCLE TOM S CABIN HARRIET BEECHER STOWE AUTHOR NORTHERNERS EXPOSED TO THE HORRORS OF SLAVERY FOR THE FIRST TIME- BOOK IS HUGELY SUCCESSFUL IN U.S. AND EUROPE.

18 1854 KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT STEPHEN DOUGLAS (NORTHERN DEMOCRAT) PROPOSES ACT HE HOPED THAT KANSAS WOULD BE SLAVE AND NEBRASKA WOULD BE FREE POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY WOULD DECIDE THE PEOPLE THERE WOULD VOTE ON THE ISSUE MISSOURI COMP. WOULD BE NULLIFIED-

19 1854 KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT MOST SETTLERS FLOCKING TO KANSAS WERE ANTI-SLAVERY SUPPORTERS BORDER RUFFIANS FROM MISSOURI (PRO-SLAVE) MOVE TO KANSAS AND STEAL ELECTION FOR TERRITORIAL GOVTS. ANTI-SLAVERY FORCES CHOOSE THEIR OWN GOVT

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21 BLEEDING KANSAS VIOLENCE ERUPTS-200 DIE AS PRO AND ANTI- SLAVERY FORCES FIGHT JOHN BROWN AND HIS SONS KILL 5 PRO-SLAVERY SETTLERS WITH SWORDS

22 Brooks attacks Sumner Preston Brooks of South Carolina attacks Abolitionist Senator Charles Sumner with a cane on the floor of the U.S. Senate. Sumner had made antislavery remarks and insulted Brook s relative

23 1854 Republican Party created Lincoln first Republican president United against the spread of slavery in the west Made up of former Whigs, some Democrats, Free-soilers and some abolitionists

24 1857 DRED SCOTT MISSOURI SLAVE SUES FOR HIS FREEDOM WAS TAKEN TO THE NORTH BY HIS MASTER- CLAIMED THAT THIS MADE HIM FREE CASE GOES TO SUPREME COURT

25 RESULT-CHIEF JUSTICE ROGER TANEY DECLARES SCOTT CAN T SUE BECAUSE HE IS NOT A CITIZEN CAN NEVER BECOME A CITIZEN DECLARED MISSOURI COMP. UNCONSTITUTIONAL SCOTT WAS STILL A SLAVE SCOTT WAS PROPERTY- NOTHING MORE. 7-2 DECISION

26 Lincoln-Douglas Debates, 1858 Abe Lincoln vs. Stephen Douglas for Illinois Senate seat. series of historic debates over the issue slavery Lincoln wanted to end slavery s expansion. Douglas argued for popular sovereignty. (letting people vote) Lincoln loses the election but emerges as Republican star

27 1859- JOHN BROWN PLANS TO SEIZE ARSENAL AT HARPER S FERRY, VIRGINIA HOPED THAT SLAVES AND FREED BLACKS WOULD JOIN HIM AND MOVE SOUTH FREEING SLAVES THROUGHOUT THE SOUTH PLAN FAILS BROWN HANGED FOR TREASON

28 R.A.F.T. R-OLE-concerned citizen A-UDIENCE- Pres. Lincoln F-ORMAT-Persuasive letter T-OPIC-Ask President to either pardon or execute John Brown One paragraph Intro-what do you want President to do? Why? What will this mean for the country?

29 Abraham Lincoln- Republican Party Democrats have two candidates-stephan Douglas and John Breckinridge Constitutional Union Party candidate- John Bell Lincoln wins with 40% of the vote and not one southern state vote Election of 1860

30 Lincoln is elected President South Carolina secedes southern states secede before Lincoln takes office Southern states based their right to leave the union on the doctrine of states rights - states had the right to join the union or leave the union

31 Lincoln Inaugural march 1861 Check my speeches on my position I have not intention to interfere with slavery where it exists and have no legal power end slavery in the states States should control their own institutions Fugitive slave law is the law and should be obeyed The Point- Remind the south that north will not invade and slavery is safe where it already exists So chill out with this secession talk!

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33 Fort Sumter

34 Four causes leading to Civil War Cause #1 Graphic / plus at least 3 reasons why this was a cause Cause #2 Graphic / plus at least 3 reasons why this was a cause Fort Sumter Cause # Cause #3 Graphic / plus at least 3 reasons why this was a cause Cause #4 Graphic 4/ plus at least 3 reasons why this was a cause

35

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