Grade Six. Prentice Hall: Ancient Civilizations. Social Studies/Treasures Correlation

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1 Grade Six Prentice Hall: Ancient Civilizations Social Studies/Treasures Correlation In the 6th grade curriculum, students learn about those people and events that ushered in the dawn of major Western and non-western civilizations. Included are the early societies of the Near East and Africa, the ancient Hebrew civilization, Greece, Rome, and the classical civilizations of India and of China. *This document was created for the purpose of helping teachers align the science and social studies programs with California Treasures. These are only suggestions; feel free to use your professional judgment. Treasures Unit and Week History Social Studies Standards (HSS) Student Book (SB) Teacher s Edition (TE) History Social Studies Unit and Chapter (+ represents connection between ELA and SS text) Wonders (CCR) UNIT 1- OUR STORIES ALL HSS IN UNIT 1 ARE ONLY ACCESSED THROUGH WONDERS (CCR) MATERIAL. POSSIBLE SUGGESTIONS: MOVING THEM TO ANOTHER UNIT OR WEEK THAT MAY ALIGN CLOSER WITH HSS BEING TAUGHT IN SS TEXT AND FOCUS ON SS UNIT 1: THE BEGINNING OF HUMANKIND. Unit 1 Week 1 HSS HSS HSS Describe the government of the Roman Republic and its significance (e.g., written constitution and tripartite government, checks and balances, civic duty). Identify the location of and the political and geographic reasons for the growth of Roman territories and expansion of the empire, including how the empire fostered economic growth through the use of currency and trade routes. Discuss the influence of Julius Caesar and Augustus in Rome s transition from republic to empire. TE pg. 27B CCR Ancient Rome s Republic + TFK pgs Chapter 17: The Roman Republic Chapter 18: The Roman Empire

2 Unit 1 Week 2 HSS HSS HSS HSS Explain the major beliefs and practices of Brahmanism in India and how they evolved into early Hinduism. Outline the social structure of the caste system. Know the life and moral teachings of Buddha and how Buddhism spread in India, Ceylon, and Central Asia. Discuss important aesthetic and intellectual traditions (e.g., Sanskrit literature, including the Bhagavad Gita; medicine; metallurgy; and mathematics, including Hindu-Arabic numerals and the zero). TE pg. 51B CCR Early Hinduism and Buddhism + TFK pgs Chapter 6: The Early Civilizations of India Chapter 7: Hinduism Chapter 8: The Development of Buddhism Unit 1 Week 3 HSS HSS Describe the origins and significance of Judaism as the first monotheistic religion based on the concept of one God who sets down moral laws for humanity. Identify the sources of the ethical teachings and central beliefs of Judaism (the Hebrew Bible, the Commentaries): belief in God, observance of law, practice of the concepts of righteousness and justice, and importance of study; and describe how the ideas of the Hebrew traditions are reflected in the moral and ethical traditions of Western civilization. TE pg. 65B Chapter 5: The Ancient Hebrews and Judaism (6.3.4 will be referred to again in Unit 6) HSS Explain the significance of Abraham, Moses, Naomi, Ruth, David, and Yohanan ben Zaccai in the development of the Jewish religion. CCR The Beginnings of Judaism + TFK pgs HSS Discuss the locations of the settlements and movements of Hebrew peoples, including the Exodus and their movement to and from Egypt, and outline the significance of the Exodus to the Jewish and other people.

3 Unit 1 Week 5 HSS HSS Locate and describe the major river system and discuss the physical setting that supported the rise of this civilization. Discuss the significance of the Aryan invasions. TE pg. 113B Chapter 6: The Early Civilizations of India HSS Describe the growth of the Maurya empire and the political and moral achievements of the emperor Asoka. CCR The Rise of Ancient India + TFK pgs Chapter 9: India s Empires and Achievements UNIT 2- ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS WONDERS (CCR) TITLES COVER CHINA, GREECE, EARLY HUMANKIND, EARLY CIVILIZATION, AND EGYPT. POSSIBLE SUGGESTIONS: KEEP WONDERS PAIRED WITH MAIN SELECTION/PAIRED READING IN WEEK 1-3. SEE SUGGESTIONS IN WEEK 4 & 5 CCR BOX. Unit 2 Week 1 # HSS HSS HSS Locate and describe the origins of Chinese civilization in the Huang-He Valley during the Shang Dynasty. Explain the geographic features of China that made governance and the spread of ideas and goods difficult and served to isolate the country from the rest of the world. List the policies and achievements of the emperor Shi Huangdi in unifying northern China under the Qin Dynasty. SB The Emperor s Silent Army pgs TE pgs. 137, 141, 145B Unit 4: Ancient China; Chapter 10: The Rise of Civilization in China Unit 4: Ancient China; Chapter 12: Growth of the Chinese Empire HSS HSS Detail the political contributions of the Han Dynasty to the development of the imperial bureaucratic state and the expansion of the empire. Cite the significance of the trans-eurasian silk roads in the period of the Han Dynasty and Roman Empire and their locations. CCR The Rise of Ancient China + TFK pgs

4 Unit 2 Week 2 # HSS HSS HSS Discuss the connections between geography and the development of city-states in the region of the Aegean Sea, including patterns of trade and commerce among Greek citystates and within the wider Mediterranean region. Trace the transition from tyranny and oligarchy to early democratic forms of government and back to dictatorship in ancient Greece, including the significance of the invention of the idea of citizenship (e.g., from Pericles Funeral Oration). State the key differences between Athenian, or direct, democracy and representative democracy. SB Daily Life in Ancient Greece pgs TE pgs. 163, 167B CCR The Rise of Ancient Greece + TFK pgs Chapter 13: The Ancient Greeks Chapter 14: Athens and Sparta Chapter 15: Greek Religion, Arts, and Learning HSS Explain the significance of Greek mythology to the everyday life of people in the region and how Greek literature continues to permeate our literature and language today, drawing from Greek mythology and epics, such as Homer s Iliad and Odyssey, and from Aesop s Fables. Chapter 16: Greece and Persia HSS Compare and contrast life in Athens and Sparta, with emphasis on their roles in the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars. HSS Describe the enduring contributions of important Greek figures in the arts and sciences (e.g., Hypatia, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Euclid, Thucydides). (HSS 6.4.4, 6.4.6, will be referred to again in Unit 3 Week 2+3 and Unit 4 Week 4) Unit 2 Week 3 # HSS HSS HSS Describe the hunter-gatherer societies, including the development of tools and the use of fire. Identify the locations of human communities that populated the major regions of the world and describe how humans adapted to a variety of environments. Discuss the climatic changes and human modifications of the physical environment that gave rise to the domestication of plants and animals and new sources of clothing and shelter. TE pg. 179B CCR The Beginnings of Humanity + TFK pgs Unit 1: The Beginning of Humankind; Chapter 1: Early People Unit 1: The Beginning of Humankind; Chapter 2: The Beginning of Civilization (HSS will be referred to again in Unit 2 Week 4)

5 Unit 2 Week 4 HSS HSS HSS HSS Identify the locations of human communities that populated the major regions of the world and describe how humans adapted to a variety of environments. Locate and describe the major river systems and discuss the physical settings that supported permanent settlement and early civilizations. Trace the development of agricultural techniques that permitted the production of economic surplus and the emergence of cities as centers of culture and power. Trace the evolution of language and its written forms. SB The Lost City pgs TE pgs. 196, 203B, 207 CCR Civilization Begins + TFK pgs # Civilization Begins could stayed paired with The Lost City but CCR from Unit 2 Week 3 (pgs ) is a better fit for The Lost City. Unit 1: The Beginning of Humankind; Chapter 1: Early People Chapter 3: Ancient Mesopotamia Chapter 4: Ancient Egypt (HSS was referred to in Unit 2 Week 3) Unit 2 Week 5 HSS HSS HSS HSS Understand the relationship between religion and the social and political order in Mesopotamia and Egypt. Know the significance of Hammurabi s Code. Discuss the main features of Egyptian art and architecture. Describe the role of Egyptian trade in the eastern Mediterranean and Nile valley. TE pg. 227B CCR The Rise of Egypt + TFK pgs Chapter 3: Ancient Mesopotamia Chapter 4: Ancient Egypt HSS HSS Understand the significance of Queen Hatshepsut and Ramses the Great. Identify the location of the Kush civilization and describe its political, commercial, and cultural relations with Egypt. #Consider saving this CCR title for Unit 3 Week 2 or Unit 6 Week 5. (HSS will be referred to Unit 3 Week 2 and Unit 6 Week 5)

6 UNIT 3- A QUESTION OF VALUES ALL HSS IN UNIT 3 ARE ONLY ACCESSED THROUGH WONDERS (CCR) MATERIAL. POSSIBLE SUGGESTIONS: MOVING THEM TO ANOTHER UNIT OR WEEK THAT MAY ALIGN CLOSER WITH HSS BEING TAUGHT IN SS TEXT. Unit 3 Week 2 HSS HSS HSS Discuss the main features of Egyptian art and architecture. Explain the significance of Greek mythology to the everyday life of people in the region and how Greek literature continues to permeate our literature and language today, drawing from Greek mythology and epics, such as Homer s Iliad and Odyssey, and from Aesop s Fables. Describe the enduring contributions of important Greek figures in the arts and sciences (e.g., Hypatia, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Euclid, Thucydides). (HSS is just a brief mention during the main selection to give students background on the history of gold.) SB Rumpelstiltskin s Daughter pgs TE pg. 293B, 284 CCR Greek Mythology + TFK pgs Chapter 4: Ancient Egypt Chapter 14: Athens and Sparta Chapter 15: Greek Religion, Arts, and Learning (All HSS have been previously introduced) Unit 3 Week 3 HSS HSS HSS Outline the founding, expansion, and political organization of the Persian Empire. Compare and contrast life in Athens and Sparta, with emphasis on their roles in the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars. Trace the rise of Alexander the Great and the spread of Greek culture eastward and into Egypt. TE pg. 307B CCR Sparta, Athens, and The Persian and Peloponnesian Wars + TFK pgs Chapter 14: Athens and Sparta Chapter 16: Greece and Persia (HSS has been previously introduced) Unit 3 Week 4 HSS HSS HSS Know about the life of Confucius and the fundamental teachings of Confucianism and Taoism. Identify the political and cultural problems prevalent in the time of Confucius and how he sought to solve them. Describe the diffusion of Buddhism northward to China during the Han Dynasty. TE pg. 333B CCR Confucius and Lao-Tzu + TFK pgs Unit 4: Ancient China; Chapter 11: Chinese Society and Thought

7 UNIT 4- ACHIEVING DREAMS ALL HSS IN UNIT 4 ARE ONLY ACCESSED THROUGH WONDERS (CCR) MATERIAL. POSSIBLE SUGGESTIONS: MOVING THEM TO ANOTHER UNIT OR WEEK THAT MAY ALIGN CLOSER WITH HSS BEING TAUGHT IN SS TEXT. Unit 4 Week 4 HSS HSS HSS Describe the enduring contributions of important Greek figures in the arts and sciences (e.g., Hypatia, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Euclid, Thucydides). Identify the location and describe the rise of the Roman Republic, including the importance of such mythical and historical figures as Aeneas, Romulus and Remus, Cincinnatus, Julius Caesar, and Cicero. Discuss the legacies of Roman art and architecture, technology and science, literature, language, and law. SB Leonardo s Horse pgs TE pg. 451B, 455 CCR Important Figures in Roman History + TFK pgs Chapter 17: The Roman Republic Chapter 20: Roman Achievements (HSS has been previously introduced) UNIT 5- OUR INCREDIBLE EARTH POSSIBLE SUGGESTIONS: USING CCR Important Figures in Roman History pgs (Unit 4 Week 4) PAIRED WITH The Dog of Pompeii. Unit 5 Week 2 HSS Discuss the legacies of Roman art and architecture, technology and science, literature, language, and law. SB The Dog of Pompeii pgs Chapter 20: Roman Achievements TE pg. 527 (HSS has been previously introduced) UNIT 6- RESCUE HSS IN UNIT 6 ARE ONLY ACCESSED THROUGH WONDERS (CCR) MATERIAL. Unit 6 Week 1 HSS HSS Discuss the locations of the settlements and movements of Hebrew peoples, including the Exodus and their movement to and from Egypt, and outline the significance of the Exodus to the Jewish and other people. Discuss how Judaism survived and developed despite the continuing dispersion of much of the Jewish population from Jerusalem and the rest of Israel after the destruction of the second Temple in A.D. 70. TE pg. 633B CCR The Kingdom of Israel + TFK pgs Chapter 5: The Ancient Hebrews and Judaism (HSS has been previously introduced)

8 Unit 6 Week 4 HSS Trace the migration of Jews around the Mediterranean region and the effects of their conflict with the Romans, including the Romans restrictions on their right to live in Jerusalem. Chapter 19: Christianity HSS Note the origins of Christianity in the Jewish Messianic prophecies, the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as described in the New Testament, and the contribution of St. Paul the Apostle to the definition and spread of Christian beliefs (e.g., belief in the Trinity, resurrection, salvation). TE pg. 697B HSS Describe the circumstances that led to the spread of Christianity in Europe and other Roman territories. CCR The Origin of Christianity + TFK pgs Unit 6 Week 5 HSS Discuss the main features of Egyptian art and architecture. SB Aftermath of a Fire! pgs TE pg. 727 (HSS has been previously introduced) TFK (Time for Kids) Italicized HSS are repeated in other units or weeks. Wonders (CCR) subject matter is not always directly connected to the Main Selection/Paired Selection subject matter. # symbol will represent the weeks when the Wonders title is a good match for the Main Selection/Paired Selection title. (Only for two weeks Unit 2 Week 1,2, and 3) TE page numbers with a B are always referring to what CCR pages are tied to that week.

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