Jewish & Palestinian Narratives of Dispossession, Displacement, Migration, and Yearning

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1 Jewish & Palestinian Narratives of Dispossession, Displacement, Migration, and Yearning

2 Two Narratives Jewish & Palestinian

3 Jewish Narrative Ertz Israel is the land of our ancestors.

4 Jewish Narrative

5 Jewish Narrative Exile (6th Century B.C.) Return (Ezra & Nehemiah) Diaspora (A.D. 70 & 135) Centuries of oppression Jews feel displaced, yearn to return to Jerusalem. (fast forward)

6 Jewish Narrative Nationalism in 1880 s World Zionist Congress, 1897 Theodor Herzl, Zionism strives to create for the Jewish people a home in Palestine

7 Jewish Narrative Nazism & the final solution

8 Jewish Narrative Western nations refuse to accept survivors Never Again nationalism turns into determination to survive Immigration to Palestine Return to the Land of our ancestors

9 Jewish Narrative In 1947 the ship, Exodus, arrived off British controlled Palestine with around 4,500 Jewish refugees on board, many of them Holocaust survivors. The passengers had no legal authority to enter Palestine and two British destroyers rammed the Exodus before she was forcibly boarded. In the ensuing violence three passengers died. The ship was towed into the port of Haifa and the passengers deported to Germany.

10 Jewish Narrative

11 Jewish Narrative Israel established in 1948 Wars with Arabs hostile neighbors Internal conflict with Palestinians since 1967 Violence suicide bombings

12 Jewish Narrative

13 Jewish Narrative Having achieved statehood, what do Israelis want? Security and normal life Most Israelis support a two-state solution Some want Greater Israel

14 Jewish Narrative Other Jewish & Israeli perspectives Women in Black Gush Shalom B Tselem Rabbis for Human Rights

15 Palestinian Narrative We Belong to the land. Palestine is the land of our ancestors.

16 Palestinian Narrative Ancestors are Canaanites, Perizzites, Jebusites, Philistines, Moabites, Amorites,

17 Palestinian Narrative Arab Muslims arrive in 7 th Century AD

18 19 th Century Ottoman Empire Palestinian Narrative

19 Palestinian Narrative WWI Colonial England & France divide the Middle East Palestine under British Mandate Partition of Palestine is introduced.

20 Palestinian Narrative The settlement of every question, whether of territory, of sovereignty, of economic arrangement, or political relationship, rests upon the basis of the free acceptance of that settlement by the people immediately concerned, and not upon the basis of the material interest or advantage of any other nation or people which may desire a different settlement for the sake of its own exterior influence or mastery. If that principle is to rule, and so the wishes of Palestine s population are to be decisive as to what is to be done with Palestine, then it is to be remembered that the non-jewish population of Palestine nearly nine-tenths of the whole are emphatically against the entire Zionist program. The tables show that there was no one thing upon which the population of Palestine were more agreed upon than this. To subject a people so minded to unlimited Jewish immigration, and to steady financial and social pressure to surrender the land, would be a gross violation of the principle just quoted, and of the People s rights President Woodrow Wilson speech on Independence Day July 4, 1918

21 Palestinian Narrative Several partition plans rejected 1947 UN Partition Plan

22 Palestinian Narrative Nakba (Catastrophe) 531 Palestinian villages depopulated and/or destroyed ¾ million refugees (80%)

23 Palestinian Narrative Nakba

24 Palestinian Narrative The Right of Return UN Resolution 194

25 Palestinian Narrative refugee camps

26 Palestinian Narrative

27 Palestinian Narrative

28 Palestinian Narrative 1967 more refugees

29 Palestinian Narrative 5-8 million Palestinian refugees in the world today 1/3 of the total global refugee population.

30 Palestinian Narrative Living under occupation for 40 years (West Bank & Gaza) Continual loss of property and land while Israeli settlements replace their towns and villages.

31 Palestinian Narrative

32 Palestinian Narrative Daily humiliation under military occupation

33 Palestinian Narrative War of Independence

34 Palestinian Narrative What do Palestinians want? Most Palestinians support a two-state solution 22% of historic Palestine (West Bank and Gaza) Viable State To be Exonerated; rights recognized

35 Two peoples; two narratives of migration and yearning to return home.

36 What is this conflict about? We and [the Palestinians] want the same thing; we both want Palestine. And that is the fundamental conflict. -- David Ben-Gurion, 1936 If I were an Arab leader, I would never sign an agreement with Israel. It is normal; we have taken their country. There has been Anti-Semitism, the Nazis, Hitler, Auschwitz, but was that their fault? They see but one thing: we have come and we have stolen their country. -- David Ben-Gurion, Le Paraddoxe Juif

37 Maps

38 The Peel Partition Plan, 1937

39 United Nations Partition Plan, 1947 UN Resolution 181

40 Armistice Line, 1949 the Green Line

41 Palestinian Villages Depopulated in 1948

42 Population Movements, Jewish Immigration Palestinian Refugees

43 Territories occupied by Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War: West Bank & East Jerusalem Gaza Sinai Golan Height

44 The West Bank and Gaza, March 2000

45 Final Status Map Presented by Israel Taba, January 2001

46 The Separation Barrier in the West Bank

47 Walled-in Palestinian areas

48

49 A Middle Eastern Christian Perspective: We recognize, with great distress and grief, the horrific suffering of the Jewish people over the past two millennia (particularly in Europe at the hands of Christians), which wretchedly culminated in the Nazi persecution and Holocaust. We recognize the importance and legitimacy of the efforts to ensure an end to Jewish suffering after the Holocaust. Yet, we regret that the solution was implemented with little regard to the rights of resident Palestinian Muslims and Christians as the state of Israel was established in mandated Palestine. Given the development of events over the past few decades, however, we recognize the state of Israel as the expressed right of the Israeli people for selfdetermination. At the same time, and with equal conviction, we recognize the right of the Palestinian people to selfdetermination, a right that has been given much lip service and little genuine support, a right that is yet to be officially recognized by the state of Israel, which has been created on Palestinian land and at Palestinian demise. -- Middle Eastern Presbyterian Caucus (PCUSA), June 2006

50 Solution? One view: The solution [to the conflict] rests in the hands of the stronger party [Israel] in its occupying and inflicting wars on another country [Palestine]. Another view: Freedom is never granted by the oppressor, but has to be demanded by the oppressed. Violence is in the hands of the strong and the weak alike; the weak resorts to whatever violence is within reach in order to be free. A third option: Outside intervention by the United States?

51 Is peace possible?

52 peace? Oslo Peace Process ( ) Roadmap to Peace (George W. Bush)

53 peace? Essential Ingredients: Example: Truth & Reconciliation South Africa Telling the truth Recognition of the rights of the other Admission of wrong-doing by guilty parties Justice (some restitution or compensation) Truth forgiveness amnesty reconciliation Peace

54 Other players in the conflict

55 Israel & Palestinians USA

56 Other players in the conflict Christian Zionism We support Israel because supporting Israel is a key core value of Christianity. It begins in the book of Geneses with, I will bless those who bless you and I will curse those who curse you. -- Rev. John Hagee

57 Why should you care? As an America Citizen As a Christian General Assembly of PC(USA)

58

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