Sixth Grade Ancient History Chapters Ancient Egypt

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1 Sixth Grade Ancient History Chapters 7-10 Ancient Egypt

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3 Vocabulary Chapter 7 Topography Vegetation Delta Fertilization Papyrus Nomads Chapter 8 Pharaohs Pyramid Chapter 9 Artisan Peasant

4 Vizier Alliance Embalming Sarcophagus Hieroglyphs Census Famine Chapter 10 Archer Dynasty Kandakes Treaty

5 Ancient Egypt and the Near East Geography Challenge For the questions written in this font, please answer in the space below. The second part is in this font, and you label on the map, on the other side. 1. What are the names of the two large seas and one large river that bordered or ran through ancient Egypt and Kush? On the map, label all three. 2. What are the names of the river and two seas that were found inside the ancient kingdom of Israel (Canaan)? On the map, Label all three. 3. Identify the four deserts that surrounded much of ancient Egypt, Kush, and Canaan. On the map, label these deserts. 4. On which continents were ancient Kush, Egypt, and Canaan located? Label these two continents on your map. 5. List at least three physical features (such as rivers, deserts, or seas) found inside or near ancient Egypt. Draw this boundary on your map, and lightly shade the inside of it yellow. Then label this area on your map. 6. List at least three physical features (such as rivers, deserts, or seas) found inside or near ancient Kush. Draw this boundary on your map, and lightly shade the inside of it red. Then label this area on your map. 7. For each of the four routes of the ancient Hebrews, list one physical feature that the route crossed or passed by. Then trace each route onto your map in a different color. Fill in the four spaces on the key with arrows of matching colors. 8. List at least three physical features (such as rivers, deserts, or seas) found inside or near the ancient kingdom of Israel (Canaan). Draw this boundary on your map, and lightly shade the inside of it blue. Then label this area on your map.

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17 Ancient History Chapter 7 Review 1. Why would people choose to live close to water? 2. In what ways is the Nile River different from the Jordan River? 3. What is papyrus? How was it used? 4. What is one advantage of being surrounded by the desert? 5. The Mediterranean Sea formed the western border of which civilization? 6. Why was farming sometimes difficult in Canaan? What did people often do instead? 7. What natural event helped the Egyptians have fertile soil? 8. Where was Kush in relation to Egypt? 9. How the following natural features affect the people we have studied: Mediterranean Sea, Nile River, Libyan Desert, Sea of Galilee, Jordan River.

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23 1. Why were the pyramids built? Ancient History Chapter 8 Review 2. Name two things that the Old Kingdom was known for. 3. Name two things that the Middle Kingdom was known for. 4. Name two things that the New Kingdom was known for. 5. List the pharaohs we studied and tell when they ruled. 6. Describe the construction of the Great Pyramid. 7. What made Khufu claim that he was a god? 8. Give two important facts about Hatshepsut. 9. Describe the temple at Abu Simbel. 10. For each time period, list one artifact (such as a monument) and tell what that artifact would mean to an archeologist.

24 Ancient Egypt: Constructing Civilization What do you know about pyramids? Video Notes Why did the ancient Egyptians build pyramids? How were they built? How did ancient Egyptians honor the dead? What did they believe happened to a person after death? What was Egypt s relationship with its neighbors? Ancient Egypt: Land of Abundance What do you know about ancient Egypt? When were hieratic and hieroglyphic writing used? Why was the Nile important to ancient Egyptians? Who is Isis and what is her role in ancient Egyptian culture?

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26 Egypt- Social Pyramid and Government Officials p Egypt s Social Pyramid- section How was Egypt s social pyramid arranged? 2. List Egypt s different social classes from highest to lowest. 3. Describe the work of scribes. 4. Was it possible for people to change social classes? Why or why not? 5. How were the roles of men and women different? 6. What was one advantage of having a structured class system? What would one disadvantage be?

27 Government Officials- section How were government officials chosen? 2. What did the vizier do? 3. Describe the job of the chief treasurer. 4. What is an alliance? Why would an alliance be important to Egyptians? 5. Describe an Egyptian banquet. 6. What type of government official would you most like to be? Why?

28 Egyptian Priests and Scribes p Priests 1. Who was considered the highest-ranked priest? 2. Describe the basic duties of priests. 3. What is a sanctuary? How did priests prepare to enter the sanctuary? 4. Why did the Egyptians embalm bodies? 5. Describe the process of preparing a mummy. 6. Why would Egyptians include everyday items in the sarcophagus?

29 9.5 Scribes 7. What type of people usually became scribes? 8. Why was it difficult to become a scribe? 9. How did scribes help during a census? 10. Why would scribes especially need to use papyrus? 11. What job would you have preferred to do- priest or scribe? Why?

30 Egypt- Artisans and Peasants p Artisans 1. Who were more valued in society- scribes or artisans? 2. Describe the work of craft artisans. 3. Why was stone carving difficult work? 4. Compare the work schedule of an artisan with that of modern people. 5. Why do you think that artisans were not more valued in society?

31 9.7 Peasants 1. Why did all the other classes depend on peasants? 2. How did peasant life revolve around the seasons? 3. Describe the harvest season. 4. What was peasants food like? 5. What were some economic incentives and consequences for peasants?

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34 Ancient History Review- Chapter 9 Egypt 1. What is one advantage of Egyptians having social classes? 2. What were some of the duties of government officials? 3. Write out Egypt s social classes from highest to lowest. 4. What were some of the different duties of priests? 5. List the main steps in creating a mummy. 6. Which job was the only possibility for peasants to raise their status? 7. Describe how scribe school teachers could be mean. 8. What are hieroglyphs? How do they relate to scribes? 9. What did artisans contribute to society? Were they undervalued? 10. On the back, make a chart comparing and contrasting government officials and peasants.

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40 Ancient World History Chapter 10 Review- Kush 1. What direction was Kush from Egypt? What river connects them? 2. Describe the trade between Egypt and Kush. 3. After Egypt conquered Kush, how did Kushites adopt Egyptian ways of life? 4. How were Egypt and Kush able to come together into one kingdom? 5. How was King Piye able to unite Kush and Egypt? 6. After Kush conquered Egypt, how did Kush restore Egypt s glory? 7. Why was Assyria able to defeat Kush? 8. What is a kandake? Who was one of the greatest Kandakes? 9. What evidence is there that Egypt and Kush were sometimes friends, sometimes enemies? 10. Make a chart with the following dates: BCE; BCE, 590 BCE-350 CE, BCE. Tell one key event that happened, and give a result.

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42 Ancient History Unit 2 Review Chapter 7: 1. Why would people choose to live close to water? 2. In what ways is the Nile River different from the Jordan River? 3. What natural event helped the Egyptians have fertile soil? 4. Where was Kush in relation to Egypt? Chapter 8: 5. Why were the pyramids built? 6. Name two things that the Middle Kingdom was known for. 7. List the pharaohs we studied and tell when they ruled. 8. What made Khufu claim that he was a god?

43 9. Give two important facts about Hatshepsut. Chapter 9: 10. What were some of the duties of priests and government officials? 11. Which job was the only possibility for peasants to raise their status? 12. What are hieroglyphs? How do they relate to scribes? Chapter 10: 13. Describe the trade between Egypt and Kush. 14. After Egypt conquered Kush, how did Kushites adopt Egyptian ways of life? 15. After Kush conquered Egypt, how did Kush restore Egypt s glory? 16. Why was Assyria able to defeat Kush? 17. What was Meroë well known for producing?

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