The Prophecy of Ezekiel

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Prophecy of Ezekiel"

Transcription

1 NCA CHURCH Bible Studies 2010 The Prophecy of Ezekiel 6 Thematic Studies

2 Ezekiel Ezekiel: an introduction Judgment in the book of Ezekiel God and the nations in the book of Ezekiel Ezekiel and the new exodus, covenant and promised land Ezekiel and the prince-king Ezekiel and the new temple

3 Ezekiel PT 1: An introduction Events on the World Stage Ezekiel was born into the turbulent world of the 7 th Century BC. The major players on the ancient Near Eastern stage were switching roles at this time. For centuries the Assyrians (a nation to the north east of Israel) had dominated the region. And, as we read in 2 Kings 17:5-6, Assyria was used as the rod of God s anger (Isa 10:5) to punish and exile the idolatrous Northern Kingdom of Israel in 722BC. And yet, having overextended themselves, eventually the Assyrian empire was also to decline. And it was the Babylonian empire (to the East of Israel) that was poised to rise and become dominant, under the leadership of the great Nebuchadnezzar. It was at the battle of Carchemish in 605BC, that Babylon stamped its authority on the world stage, driving the Assyrians off the map, and forcing a resurgent Egyptian nation back to their homeland with their tail between their legs. Battles and skirmishes ensued, as Babylon consolidated and expanded its empire, annexing and occupying surrounding countries. And as you can see from the map, Judah (the Southern Kingdom of Israel) was piggy in the middle during this time. Figure 1. The grey straight line shows the Assyrian Empire. The dark dotted line shows the later Babylonian Empire. Israel are the coastal strip east of the Mediterranean sea.

4 Judah s eventual demise and exile This historical context sets the scene for the book of Ezekiel. As we know, because of their growing sin and unfaithfulness, eventually the Southern Kingdom of Judah (like the Northern Kingdom before them) was exiled and deported off to Babylon. This happened in waves. In around 597BC, Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon took some of the nobility (like Daniel & his friends cf. Dan 1:1-5) to Babylon in a first wave. However King Jehoiakim (the king of Judah at the time) was not inclined to comply with Nebuchadnezzar, and rebelled against him. Nebuchadnezzar responded swiftly, mounting a 3 month siege of Jerusalem, which brought it to its knees. At this time, king Jehoiakim was captured and executed (Jer 22:18-23; 36:30), and his son Jehoiachin was installed (by Nebuchadnezzar) in his place. However, like his Father, Jehoiachin was not inclined to comply also, and he called to Egypt for aid, to try and keep Babylon at bay. Again, Nebuchadnezzar was not pleased, and responded by exiling the King and Queen of Judah (Ezek 1:2), and many royal officers & leading citizens, and taking vast amounts of Judean wealth off to Babylon. The prophet Ezekiel was exiled to Babylon during this second wave of deportations. And he conducted his prophetic ministry to the people of God, who were already in exile, having been resettled by the Kebar River in Babylon (Ezekiel 1:1). During this time, Ezekiel prophesied the complete destruction of Jerusalem (Ezek 4:1-5:17), & after a year long siege, Jerusalem finally fell in 586BC. Zedekiah (Judah s new vassal King) was captured, and his sons were executed in front of him, before his own eyes were removed, and he was taken in chains to Babylon (2 Kings 25:1-21; Jer. 52:9-11). Jerusalem was levelled to the ground. The nation of Judah had seemingly vanished. And it is these themes of judgement and God s promised restoration of his people that consume the ministry of Ezekiel, and flavour the book that bears his name. Ezekiel & his prophetic style So who then was Ezekiel? All that we know of Ezekiel, we learn from this collection of prophecies that bears his name. In chapter 1:3 Ezekiel is identified as a priest, the son of Buzi. This explains why he was included in the deportation of 597BC, for he belonged to the nobility of Judah - the Priesthood. Ezekiel s style of prophecy was unique, sometimes even bizarre. And yet, it was a form of prophecy, required of him ultimately by God. Ezekiel s agenda is clear: he was to call God s people to repentance, and a changed life. And yet, the modes by which he does this are many. He combines legal addresses; disputations; figurative addresses, laments, oracles of woe. But perhaps the most unusual mode of prophetic activity he is remembered for, are his many sign-acts he performed. Israel s prophets elsewhere used props and presented their message with symbolic sign-actions. For examples, see: o Jeremiah (Jer. 16:2, 27:2, 28:10, 32:8-15) o Isaiah (Isa. 20:2) o Hosea s marriage to a prostitute (Hos. 1:2, 3:1) But let s take a look at Ezekiel s symbolic ministry. We will concentrate on just 5 signacts. For each sign-act, note down what Ezekiel does, and what it symbolizes?

5 4:1-3 Sign-act Significance 4:4-8 4:9-17 5:1-4 24:17-24 The picture we get from this survey, is that Ezekiel was called to both vicariously bear the suffering of Israel on himself (he s a priest) & also bear the shame that accompanies the preaching of God s word (cf. John 21:18-19; Acts 9:15, 16). He became a prophetic symbol of Israel, anticipating the power of the divine wrath that he proclaimed. Structure and message of the book It is generally agreed that, the book s structure naturally falls out like this: Chs. 1-24: visions, symbolic actions and oracles, chiefly of judgment directed against the temple and land Chs : oracles of judgment against the nations Chs : oracles, symbolic actions and visions, chiefly of restoration afforded to the temple and land Within each major section, there are further subsections. And it appears that the book has been carefully compiled, with clear structuring. The opening vision of the glory of Yahweh that dominates chapters 1-3, is matched and surpassed by the closing vision of the glory of Yahweh returning to his temple, people and land in chapters The commissioning of the prophet to be a watchman occurs at the beginning of his ministry in chapter 3, and is then repeated at the fresh start heralded by the news of the fall of Jerusalem in chapter 33. In chapter 6 Ezekiel addresses the mountains of Israel with words of coming judgement, desolation and desertion. In chapter 36 he addresses the same mountains, but with words of coming restoration, repopulation and renewed fertility and abundance. Chapter 7 proclaims that the end has come, bringing death to the whole community. Chapter 37 proclaims that even dead bones can live when the powerful breath of God breathes on them, and promises Israel resurrection from the grave itself.

6 It is this clear structure, that not only charts and follows the career of Ezekiel himself, with its two major phases; but it also helps illuminate the core theological truth of the book itself, and indeed of the entire bible: judgement precedes grace. As it was for Israel in exile, so it is for us and all people: we have to hear and accept bad news about the reality of our sin and the terribleness of God s reaction to it, before we can respond with joy and gratitude to the good news of God s incredible mercy, grace and purposes for ourselves and for his world. This is the message of Ezekiel. Now to these studies... As is our custom, we will be following the book of Ezekiel in our weekly sermon series at church sequentially, taking a few chapters at a time. But in these studies, we will be taking the book thematically, and trying to get a picture for some of the larger and pervasive themes in the book. We hope that this will enrich our appreciation of the book, during our weekly church services.

7 Ezekiel Pt 1: quiz (to be done at the beginning of study 2) 1. Where did Israel go into exile in the 6 th century? Babylon 2. When was the first deportation of exiles to Babylon, and who went? 597, the leadership and educated were exiled first 3. When was the rest of Judah exiled to Babylon? Did Ezekiel begin his ministry: before the first deportation before the second deportation between the second deportation and the fall of Jerusalem. 5. What was Ezekiel s profession? Priest 6. How old was Ezekiel when God changed his career path from priest to prophet? 30 years old 7. Why do some scholars think Ezekiel was psychologically unstable? Because he performs some strange (at-least to us) sign acts 8. What were some of the sign acts we looked at last week and what did they symbolise? He makes a model of Jerusalem and then besieges it; symbolizing that Jerusalem will be besieged at the hand of God He lies on his left side for 390 days, then his right side for 40 days, bearing sin; symbolizing that the coming punishment is due to their sin dating back to the building of the temple He makes a small meal from average ingredients; symbolizing that food during the siege will be scarce He cooks his food over excrement; symbolizing that food in exile will be defiled He shaves his head and divides the hair into three groups; symbolizing that some people will be killed by fire in the siege, some by the sword and others scattered, even the surviving remnant will be refined by fire When his wife is killed suddenly he does not mourn; symbolizing not only the sudden destruction of the temple at the fall of Jerusalem, but also the people s inability to mourn because they are wasting away in their sin. 9. Why would Ezekiel act out these things among the people already in exile, when the events largely focus on Jerusalem? To destroy false hopes that the exile would be over quickly, and so that they would know that it was God at work (24:24, 27) 10. What is one thing you take home from Ezekiel s sign actions? Seriousness of God s wrath, life in exile uncomfortable, bearing the message painful

8 Ezekiel Pt 1: quiz (to be done at the beginning of study 2) Where did Israel go into exile in the 6 th century? When was the first deportation of exiles to Babylon, and who went? When was the rest of Judah exiled to Babylon? Did Ezekiel begin his ministry: before the first deportation before the second deportation between the second deportation and the fall of Jerusalem. What was Ezekiel s profession? How old was Ezekiel when God changed his career path from priest to prophet? Why do some scholars think Ezekiel was psychologically unstable? What were some of the sign acts we looked at last week and what did they symbolise? Why would Ezekiel act out these things among the people already in exile, when the events largely focus on Jerusalem? What is one thing you take home from Ezekiel s sign actions?

9 Introduction Ezekiel Pt II: An autopsy of judgment against Israel Q: Why do you think we find judgment so difficult to talk about, and what is lost about God and his gospel if we leave it out? Exercise: read through ch 20 overleaf and mark in different colours: The reasons why God judges Israel The purpose of his judgment (Summarise the reasons for, and the purpose of God s judgement below) Reasons for judgment God is faithful, but Israel is not (see chs. 15, 16, 23) Idolatry and the cult (see also chs. 6, 8, 9) Leadership (see chs. 8, 11, 13, 14, 19, 34) Justice (see ch. 22) Purpose of judgment For the sake of his name / they will know I am the LORD (see 20:1-38) But judgment is only a partial answer (see 20:39-44) Taking it home God will judge justly against: o Unfaithfulness o Idolatry o Wicked leadership o Injustice in the world and against his people God will be known through his judgment (Romans 14:11) Again, his judgment is only a partial answer

10 EZEKIEL 20: 1 In the seventh year, in the fifth month on the tenth day, some of the elders of Israel came to inquire of the LORD, and they sat down in front of me. 2 Then the word of the LORD came to me: 3 "Son of man, speak to the elders of Israel and say to them, 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: Have you come to inquire of me? As surely as I live, I will not let you inquire of me, declares the Sovereign LORD.' 4 "Will you judge them? Will you judge them, son of man? Then confront them with the detestable practices of their fathers 5 and say to them: 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: On the day I chose Israel, I swore with uplifted hand to the descendants of the house of Jacob and revealed myself to them in Egypt. With uplifted hand I said to them, "I am the LORD your God." 6 On that day I swore to them that I would bring them out of Egypt into a land I had searched out for them, a land flowing with milk and honey, the most beautiful of all lands. 7 And I said to them, "Each of you, get rid of the vile images you have set your eyes on, and do not defile yourselves with the idols of Egypt. I am the LORD your God." 8 " 'But they rebelled against me and would not listen to me; they did not get rid of the vile images they had set their eyes on, nor did they forsake the idols of Egypt. So I said I would pour out my wrath on them and spend my anger against them in Egypt. 9 But for the sake of my name I did what would keep it from being profaned in the eyes of the nations they lived among and in whose sight I had revealed myself to the Israelites by bringing them out of Egypt. 10 Therefore I led them out of Egypt and brought them into the desert. 11 I gave them my decrees and made known to them my laws, for the man who obeys them will live by them. 12 Also I gave them my Sabbaths as a sign between us, so they would know that I the LORD made them holy. 13 " 'Yet the people of Israel rebelled against me in the desert. They did not follow my decrees but rejected my laws although the man who obeys them will live by them and they utterly desecrated my Sabbaths. So I said I would pour out my wrath on them and destroy them in the desert. 14 But for the sake of my name I did what would keep it from being profaned in the eyes of the nations in whose sight I had brought them out. 15 Also with uplifted hand I swore to them in the desert that I would not bring them into the land I had given them a land flowing with milk and honey, most beautiful of all lands - 16 because they rejected my laws and did not follow my decrees and desecrated my Sabbaths. For their hearts were devoted to their idols. 17 Yet I looked on them with pity and did not destroy them or put an end to them in the desert. 18 I said to their children in the desert, "Do not follow the statutes of your fathers or keep their laws or defile yourselves with their idols. 19 I am the LORD your God; follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws. 20 Keep my Sabbaths holy, that they may be a sign between us. Then you will know that I am the LORD your God." 21 " 'But the children rebelled against me: They did not follow my decrees, they were not careful to keep my laws although the man who obeys them will live by them and they desecrated my Sabbaths. So I said I would pour out my wrath on them and spend my anger against them in the desert. 22 But I withheld my hand, and for the sake of my name I did what would keep it from being profaned in the eyes of the nations in whose sight I had brought them out. 23 Also with uplifted hand I swore to them in the desert that I would disperse them among the nations and scatter them through the countries, 24 because they had not obeyed my laws but had rejected my decrees and desecrated my Sabbaths, and their eyes lusted after their fathers' idols. 25 I also gave them over to statutes that were not good and laws they could not liv e by; 26 I let them become defiled through their gifts the sacrifice of every firstborn that I might fill them with horror so they would know that I am the LORD.' 27 "Therefore, son of man, speak to the people of Israel and say to them, 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: In this also your fathers blasphemed me by forsaking me: 28 When I brought them into the land I had sworn to give them and they saw any high hill or any leafy tree, there they offered their sacrifices, made offerings that provoked me to anger, presented their fragrant incense and poured out their drink offerings. 29 Then I said to them: What is this high place you go to?' " (It is called Bamah [high place] to this day.) 30 "Therefore say to the house of Israel: 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: Will you defile yourselves the way your fathers did and lust after their vile images? 31 When you offer your gifts the sacrifice of your sons in [c] the fire you continue to defile yourselves with all your idols to this day. Am I to let you inquire of me, O house of Israel? As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign LORD, I will not let you inquire of me. 32 " 'You say, "We want to be like the nations, like the peoples of the world, who serve wood and stone." But what you have in mind will never happen. 33 As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign LORD, I will rule over you with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm and with outpoured wrath. 34 I will bring you from the nations and gather you from the countries where you have been scattered with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm and with outpoured wrath. 35 I will bring you into the desert of the nations and there, face to face, I will execute judgment upon you. 36 As I judged your fathers in the desert of the land of Egypt, so I will judge you, declares the Sovereign LORD. 38 Then you will know that I am the LORD.

11 Introduction Ezekiel Pt II: An autopsy of judgment against Israel Q: Why do you think we find judgment so difficult to talk about, and what is lost about God and his gospel if we leave it out? Exercise: read through ch 20 overleaf and mark in different colours: The reasons why God judges Israel The purpose of his judgment (Summarise the reasons for, and the purpose of God s judgement below) Reasons for judgment Purpose of judgment Taking it home God will judge justly against: o Unfaithfulness o Idolatry o Wicked leadership o Injustice in the world and against his people God will be known through his judgment (Romans 14:11) Again, his judgment is only a partial answer

12 EZEKIEL 20: 1 In the seventh year, in the fifth month on the tenth day, some of the elders of Israel came to inquire of the LORD, and they sat down in front of me. 2 Then the word of the LORD came to me: 3 "Son of man, speak to the elders of Israel and say to them, 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: Have you come to inquire of me? As surely as I live, I will not let you inquire of me, declares the Sovereign LORD.' 4 "Will you judge them? Will you judge them, son of man? Then confront them with the detestable practices of their fathers 5 and say to them: 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: On the day I chose Israel, I swore with uplifted hand to the descendants of the house of Jacob and revealed myself to them in Egypt. With uplifted hand I said to them, "I am the LORD your God." 6 On that day I swore to them that I would bring them out of Egypt into a land I had searched out for them, a land flowing with milk and honey, the most beautiful of all lands. 7 And I said to them, "Each of you, get rid of the vile images you have set your eyes on, and do not defile yourselves with the idols of Egypt. I am the LORD your God." 8 " 'But they rebelled against me and would not listen to me; they did not get rid of the vile images they had set their eyes on, nor did they forsake the idols of Egypt. So I said I would pour out my wrath on them and spend my anger against them in Egypt. 9 But for the sake of my name I did what would keep it from being profaned in the eyes of the nations they lived among and in whose sight I had revealed myself to the Israelites by bringing them out of Egypt. 10 Therefore I led them out of Egypt and brought them into the desert. 11 I gave them my decrees and made known to them my laws, for the man who obeys them will live by them. 12 Also I gave them my Sabbaths as a sign between us, so they would know that I the LORD made them holy. 13 " 'Yet the people of Israel rebelled against me in the desert. They did not follow my decrees but rejected my laws although the man who obeys them will live by them and they utterly desecrated my Sabbaths. So I said I would pour out my wrath on them and destroy them in the desert. 14 But for the sake of my name I did what would keep it from being profaned in the eyes of the nations in whose sight I had brought them out. 15 Also with uplifted hand I swore to them in the desert that I would not bring them into the land I had given them a land flowing with milk and honey, most beautiful of all lands - 16 because they rejected my laws and did not follow my decrees and desecrated my Sabbaths. For their hearts were devoted to their idols. 17 Yet I looked on them with pity and did not destroy them or put an end to them in the desert. 18 I said to their children in the desert, "Do not follow the statutes of your fathers or keep their laws or defile yourselves with their idols. 19 I am the LORD your God; follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws. 20 Keep my Sabbaths holy, that they may be a sign between us. Then you will know that I am the LORD your God." 21 " 'But the children rebelled against me: They did not follow my decrees, they were not careful to keep my laws although the man who obeys them will live by them and they desecrated my Sabbaths. So I said I would pour out my wrath on them and spend my anger against them in the desert. 22 But I withheld my hand, and for the sake of my name I did what would keep it from being profaned in the eyes of the nations in whose sight I had brought them out. 23 Also with uplifted hand I swore to them in the desert that I would disperse them among the nations and scatter them through the countries, 24 because they had not obeyed my laws but had rejected my decrees and desecrated my Sabbaths, and their eyes lusted after their fathers' idols. 25 I also gave them over to statutes that were not good and laws they could not liv e by; 26 I let them become defiled through their gifts the sacrifice of every firstborn that I might fill them with horror so they would know that I am the LORD.' 27 "Therefore, son of man, speak to the people of Israel and say to them, 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: In this also your fathers blasphemed me by forsaking me: 28 When I brought them into the land I had sworn to give them and they saw any high hill or any leafy tree, there they offered their sacrifices, made offerings that provoked me to anger, presented their fragrant incense and poured out their drink offerings. 29 Then I said to them: What is this high place you go to?' " (It is called Bamah [high place] to this day.) 30 "Therefore say to the house of Israel: 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: Will you defile yourselves the way your fathers did and lust after their vile images? 31 When you offer your gifts the sacrifice of your sons in [c] the fire you continue to defile yourselves with all your idols to this day. Am I to let you inquire of me, O house of Israel? As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign LORD, I will not let you inquire of me. 32 " 'You say, "We want to be like the nations, like the peoples of the world, who serve wood and stone." But what you have in mind will never happen. 33 As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign LORD, I will rule over you with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm and with outpoured wrath. 34 I will bring you from the nations and gather you from the countries where you have been scattered with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm and with outpoured wrath. 35 I will bring you into the desert of the nations and there, face to face, I will execute judgment upon you. 36 As I judged your fathers in the desert of the land of Egypt, so I will judge you, declares the Sovereign LORD. 38 Then you will know that I am the LORD.

13 Ezekiel Pt III: God and the nations L: How would you describe Jesus general attitude to the nations (those outside Israel)? (See Matthew 15:21-28; 28:18-20) The nations will experience God s judgment Why? Read about it in Ezekiel: 25: : :17-30 What do we learn about God through this judgment? his judgment is fierce his judgment is just 29:17-20; 32:31-32 The nations will also see... Israel s salvation 20: :20-26 they will live in their own land, which I gave to my servant Jacob. They will live there in safety and will build houses and plant vineyards; they will live in safety when I inflict punishment on all their neighbours Do you think this prophecy was fulfilled? If yes, how do you explain the Jews living under Roman occupation in Jesus day? If no, how do you explain its non-fulfilment (note your answer has implications for your view of the trustworthiness of both God and his word)? The New Testament and the nations How does the New Testament view God s plan for the nations? Look up these passages: Jesus and the nations (Luke 2:25-32) Paul and the nations (Romans 1:16-17; chs. 9-11) Revelation and the nations (Rev 7:4-9; 20:7-10)

14 Ezekiel Pt III: God and the nations L: How would you describe Jesus general attitude to the nations (those outside Israel)? The nations will experience God s judgment Why? Read about it in Ezekiel: 25: : :17-30 What do we learn about God through this judgment? 29:17-20; 32:31-32 The nations will also see... Israel s salvation 20: :20-26 they will live in their own land, which I gave to my servant Jacob. They will live there in safety and will build houses and plant vineyards; they will live in safety when I inflict punishment on all their neighbours Do you think this prophecy was fulfilled? If yes, how do you explain the Jews living under Roman occupation in Jesus day? If no, how do you explain its non-fulfilment (note your answer has implications for your view of the trustworthiness of both God and his word)? The New Testament and the nations How does the New Testament view God s plan for the nations? Look up these passages: Jesus and the nations (Luke 2:25-32) Paul and the nations (Romans 1:16-17; chs. 9-11) Revelation and the nations (Rev 7:4-9; 20:7-10)

15 Ezekiel Pt IV: A new exodus to a new land, And a new covenant Launch: how would you describe the relationship between judgment and hope? Observation exercise: read Ezekiel 36:1-38 and note anything that refers (even vaguely) to the exodus, covenant and Promised Land Exodus Covenant Land A new exodus to a new land Who is Ezekiel prophesying to throughout ch 36? What will he do to the land? Ezekiel is given another word in v16; what s different about this word? Does God explain his reasons for acting in this new way, and does Ezekiel indicate the effect it will have on the people? (see 36:22ff). Upon their return from exile, will the people find the land as good as it was before?

16 THE DIVISION OF THE LAND ACCORDING TO EZEKIEL S VISION Do you notice anything different between the allocation of Israel s tribes in the days of Joshua, to the allocation according to Ezekiel s division? A new covenant What is actually new about the new covenant (16:24-32)? Who is Ezekiel prophesying to in ch 37? What does v5, 9 remind you of? What is ch 37 really saying to the house of Israel? Taking it home Transformation comes by grace, not by works The superiority of the new covenant For the sake of his name

17 Ezekiel Pt V: A new prince-king L: Are people judged only for their own sins, or are there some occasions in which people are judged for the sins of others? Ezekiel s doctrine of individual retribution 18: :1-20 O house of Israel, you say, The way of the Lord is not just. But I will judge each of you according to his own ways. Ezekiel 18:29,30; 33:20 Ezekiel s prophecy to the shepherds of Israel Who does Ezekiel prophesy against in Ezekiel 34? The metaphor: the shepherds The meaning of the metaphor: the historical kings up to the period of exile What s the evidence that we are talking about kings and not others? Babylonian proverb: a people without a king is like a sheep without a shepherd Numbers 27:17 David, the great shepherd-king 1 Kings 22:16-18 Jeremiah 23:1-6 (note similarities with Ezekiel 34) Who are the sheep and to whom do they belong? My sheep/flock (v6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 15, 22); my people (v30, 31), they belong to God Even the shepherds are part of the flock (v17-22) rather than being seen as separate to them. Worth remembering in our ministry And what are they condemned for? The metaphor: only taking care of themselves and not the flock (v2); eating the curds, clothing with the wool, slaughtering the animals (v3) The meaning of the metaphor: pursuing their own self-interest at the expense of providing justice (see v16) and leadership for the people, such that they wander and are scattered and become prey to the nations (v13) From the passage, what will the good shepherd do? The metaphors: o Gathering in (v11-13, see also Luke 15:1-7) o Tending & feeding (v13-16) o Justice v16b-22 The meaning of the metaphor for the exilic community o Restoration to the land of Israel and to God s own heart (v24) o Leadership that puts the people first (22) o Justice within exilic community

18 Who is the good shepherd? Who is the prince? God himself (what does this say about Jesus claim to be the good shepherd) The prince is David, meaning of the Davidic line (perhaps king is avoided due to the ultimately these two converge What also will happen when the good shepherd or prince comes? From this passage: land will be restored (v25ff) From 37:15-28: Israel will be united Jesus the good shepherd How does Jesus say he fulfils the promise here in E34/37 in John 10:11-18 He works for the interest of the sheep, not himself, to the extent of dying for them (striking image) He will know his sheep and care for them (v13-15) He will gather them in (v3, 16) He will unite them under his leadership (v16) Why do the Jews think Jesus is demon-possessed after he has said he is the good shepherd (v19-20)? Jesus is having a crack at the Pharisees & Herods, basically asserting that they are like the bad shepherds in Ezekiel 34. In saying he is the good shepherd, Jesus is claiming divinity, as God himself is the good shepherd in Ezekiel 34. Taking it home Seeing ourselves as sheep (in need of a shepherd) Seeing ourselves as under-shepherds (1 Peter 5:1-4)

19 Ezekiel Pt V: A new prince-king L: Are people judged only for their own sins, or are there some occasions in which people are judged for the sins of others? Ezekiel s doctrine of individual retribution 18: :1-20 O house of Israel, you say, The way of the Lord is not just. But I will judge each of you according to his own ways. E 18:29,30; 33:20 Ezekiel s prophecy to the shepherds of Israel Who does Ezekiel prophesy against in E34? The metaphor: The meaning of the metaphor: Who are the sheep and to whom do they belong? And what are they condemned for? The metaphor: The meaning of the metaphor: From the passage, what will the good shepherd do? The metaphors: The meaning of the metaphors for the exilic community Who is the good shepherd? Who is the prince? The good shepherd The prince

20 What also will happen when the good shepherd or prince comes? From this passage: From 37:15-28: Jesus the good shepherd How does Jesus say he fulfils the promise here in Ezek 34/37 in John 10:11-18 Why do the Jews think Jesus is demon-possessed after he has said he is the good shepherd (v19-20)? Taking it home Seeing ourselves as sheep (in need of a shepherd) Seeing ourselves as under-shepherds (1 Peter 5:1-4)

21 Ezekiel Pt VI: A new temple L: Take off your shoes; you re standing on holy ground. What would say if your minister said this to you at church on Sunday? Background information Three major themes are interwoven in chapters 40-48: The temple: Yahweh should dwell again among his people in a cleansed sanctuary, so Ezekiel is granted a visionary tour of a temple of perfectly symmetrical dimensions (40:1-43:12) Sacrificial system: the people s relationship with Yahweh should be sustained by proper implementation of sacrificial rituals and priestly duties, so Ezekiel is given instructions about the restoration of the priestly and sacrificial system (43:13-46:24) Division of the Land: the unruliness of Israel which made exile so deserved is replaced by a nation living in well-ordered peace and harmony, so the land is divided evenly, with God in the middle of it and a river of life flowing from his presence to bless, heal, fertilize, feed and give life (47:1-48:35) Departure and return of the glory of god What is spoken of in Ezek 10:15-22 (& throughout chs. 8-11), and why is it so devastating to Ezekiel? The Glory of the LORD leaves the temple and the implication is that God is no longer with his people This is especially devastating for Ezekiel, with his background as a priest Furthermore, the temple is destroyed during the fall of Jerusalem (24:21) What must happen before the glory of the LORD can return? Before the glory of the LORD can return to the temple, there needs to be a new temple. Hope is therefore seen in Ezekiel s visionary tour of a new temple. Read 40:1-5 the return of the LORD (43:1-9) The temple after the return from exile Read Ezra 3:10-13 about the events that took place after the return from exile. How did the Israelites react when the New Temple foundation was erected, and why? Ezra 3:10-13 (the people cried because it seemed small by comparison) It s unlikely that they followed the instructions in Ezekiel, not only because the rebuilt temple appeared smaller, but because there were no vertical measurements given in Ezekiel s vision

22 What does Jesus do with the temple idea? John 2:12-22: not only cleansed the temple, but talked of destroying it and replacing it with himself John 4:19-26: geography is not important, but worshipping in spirit and truth, somehow connected to Jesus identity as Messiah What do the NT writers do with the temple idea? 1 Corinthians 3:16-17; 6:19-20: God s people are collectively the temple of God, in which he resides; Paul even breaks it down further by saying that the bodies of individual believers are temples and should be honoured by morality rather than immorality Hebrews 10:19-22; the death of Jesus is the means by which we enter the Most Holy Place, drawing near to God; And finally, how does the Revelation end (Rev 21:22-22:5) The temple is redundant because we will have unmediated access to God The river of life still flowing out from God s presence bringing blessing, healing and life Taking it home Confidence to enter the Most Holy Place Unmediated access to God Separation from that which is unclean

23 Ezekiel Pt VI: A new temple L: Take off your shoes; you re standing on holy ground. What would say if your minister said this to you at church one Sunday? Background information Three major themes are interwoven in chapters 40-48: The temple: Yahweh should dwell again among his people in a cleansed sanctuary, so Ezekiel is granted a visionary tour of a temple of perfectly symmetrical dimensions (40:1-43:12) Sacrificial system: the people s relationship with Yahweh should be sustained by proper implementation of sacrificial rituals and priestly duties, so Ezekiel is given instructions about the restoration of the priestly and sacrificial system (43:13-46:24) Division of the Land: the unruliness of Israel which made exile so deserved is replaced by a nation living in well-ordered peace and harmony, so the land is divided evenly, with God in the middle of it and a river of life flowing from his presence to bless, heal, fertilize, feed and give life (47:1-48:35) Departure and return of the glory of god What is spoken of in 10:15-22 (& throughout chs. 8-11), and why is it so devastating to Ezekiel? What must happen before the glory of the LORD can return? The temple after the return from exile Read Ezra 3:10-13 about the events that took place after the return from exile. How did the Israelites react when the New Temple foundation was erected, and why? Ezra 3:10-13 Did they follow the instructions given in Ezekiel s prophecy? And why?

24 What does Jesus do with the temple idea? John 2:12-22 John 4:19-26 What do the NT writers do with the temple idea? Hebrews 10: Corinthians 3: Corinthians 6:19-20: And finally, how does the Revelation end (Rev 21:22-22:5) Taking it home Confidence to enter the Most Holy Place Unmediated access to God Separation from that which is unclean

EZEKIEL GENERAL OUTLINE PART ONE PROPHECIES OF JERUSALEM S DESTRUCTION

EZEKIEL GENERAL OUTLINE PART ONE PROPHECIES OF JERUSALEM S DESTRUCTION Page 1 of 6 EZEKIEL GENERAL OUTLINE PART ONE PROPHECIES OF JERUSALEM S DESTRUCTION (Chapters 1-24) *[2] I. EZEKIEL S VISION AND CALL (1:1-3:21) A. Historical Setting of the Prophecy (1:1-3) 1. The time

More information

Daniel 9:4-19 New International Version January 21, 2018 International Bible Lesson Sunday January 21, 2018 Daniel 9:4-19

Daniel 9:4-19 New International Version January 21, 2018 International Bible Lesson Sunday January 21, 2018 Daniel 9:4-19 Daniel 9:4-19 New International Version January 21, 2018 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, January 21, 2018, is from Daniel 9:4-19 (Some will only study

More information

International Bible Lessons Commentary Micah 2:1-13 New International Version International Bible Lessons Sunday, July 5, 2015 L.G. Parkhurst, Jr.

International Bible Lessons Commentary Micah 2:1-13 New International Version International Bible Lessons Sunday, July 5, 2015 L.G. Parkhurst, Jr. International Bible Lessons Commentary Micah 2:1-13 New International Version International Bible Lessons Sunday, July 5, 2015 L.G. Parkhurst, Jr. The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School

More information

Deuteronomy Chapter Thirty

Deuteronomy Chapter Thirty Deuteronomy Chapter Thirty V Deuteronomy 29:2 30:20 - Moses Third Speech: Final Exhortation (continues/concludes) Summary of Chapter Thirty In this chapter is a plain intimation of the mercy God has in

More information

Daniel lived a holy, righteous, wise, and God honoring life. Therefore, he was most fit to serve as a prophet of God and

Daniel lived a holy, righteous, wise, and God honoring life. Therefore, he was most fit to serve as a prophet of God and Daniel 9:4-19 New American Standard Bible January 21, 2018 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, January 21, 2018, is from Daniel 9:4-19 (Some will only study

More information

EZEKIEL SABBATH SCHOOL CLASS/3 (Primarily Ezekiel, Chapters 4-8)

EZEKIEL SABBATH SCHOOL CLASS/3 (Primarily Ezekiel, Chapters 4-8) EZEKIEL SABBATH SCHOOL CLASS/3 (Primarily Ezekiel, Chapters 4-8) Notes of Interest: The Israelites coming out of Egypt were known as the Nation of Israel. The Nation of Israel was composed of 12 tribes.

More information

REFUTING THE TEN LOST TRIBES THEORY

REFUTING THE TEN LOST TRIBES THEORY I. INTRODUCTION REFUTING THE TEN LOST TRIBES THEORY 1. The so-called ten lost tribes to which we have reference are the tribes which made up the Kingdom of Israel, the Northern Kingdom, which came into

More information

JOURNEYS THROUGH THE BIBLE

JOURNEYS THROUGH THE BIBLE JOURNEYS THROUGH THE BIBLE #20. JEREMIAH AND LAMENTATIONS 1. Jeremiah, son of Hilkiah the Priest, was a priest and prophet to Judah who ministered in Jerusalem in the final years before the city fell to

More information

Route 66 Understanding Jeremiah & Lamentations. Dr. Stephen Rummage, Senior Pastor Bell Shoals Baptist Church August 17, 2016

Route 66 Understanding Jeremiah & Lamentations. Dr. Stephen Rummage, Senior Pastor Bell Shoals Baptist Church August 17, 2016 1 Jeremiah 1:4 (ESV) Now the word of the LORD came to me, saying, Route 66 Understanding Jeremiah & Lamentations Dr. Stephen Rummage, Senior Pastor Bell Shoals Baptist Church August 17, 2016 Jeremiah 1:5

More information

Division of the kingdom in 931 B.C. (1 Kgs. 12)

Division of the kingdom in 931 B.C. (1 Kgs. 12) Israel's Judgments Division of the kingdom in 931 B.C. (1 Kgs. 12) Assyrian judgment in 722 B.C. (2 Kgs. 17) Babylonian captivity in 586 B.C. (2 Kgs. 25) Israel's Judgments Division of the kingdom in 931

More information

Introduction to Ezekiel

Introduction to Ezekiel 1 EZEKIEL 19 20 INTRODUCTION 21 Introduction to Ezekiel 22 The Ezekiel Scroll As already pointed out in the Introduction (see page 10), if we want to attempt to understand the inspired words of the prophets,

More information

(Ezekiel 3:1) Then He said to me, Son of man, eat what you find; eat this scroll, and go, speak to the house of Israel.

(Ezekiel 3:1) Then He said to me, Son of man, eat what you find; eat this scroll, and go, speak to the house of Israel. Ezekiel 3:1-11 New American Standard Bible July 23, 2017 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, July 23, 2017, is from Ezekiel 3:1-11. Questions for Discussion

More information

Daniel 9:4-19 King James Version January 21, 2018

Daniel 9:4-19 King James Version January 21, 2018 Daniel 9:4-19 King James Version January 21, 2018 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, January 21, 2018, is from Daniel 9:4-19 (Some will only study Daniel

More information

Ezra. by Ross Callaghan. Author. Date. Type

Ezra. by Ross Callaghan. Author. Date. Type Ezra by Ross Callaghan http://rosscallaghan.yolasite.com Ezra is the 15 th book in the Old Testament, and follows on from 1 and 2 Chronicles. Originally Ezra and Nehemiah were one book, but are now separate

More information

2 Kings 21-23:30. Repentance and Reformation. Kings Manasseh and Josiah of Judah

2 Kings 21-23:30. Repentance and Reformation. Kings Manasseh and Josiah of Judah 2 Kings 21-23:30 Repentance and Reformation Kings Manasseh and Josiah of Judah Kings and Prophets Timeline Assyrian/Babylonian Captivity of Israel Fall of Assyria to Babylon 612 BC Southern Kingdom: Judah

More information

What is God s plan for Israel? God s plan is that Israel would become a multitude (KJV) of peoples.

What is God s plan for Israel? God s plan is that Israel would become a multitude (KJV) of peoples. What is God s plan for Israel? God s plan is that Israel would become a multitude (KJV) of peoples. Genesis 20:1-3 - The LORD had said to Abram, "Leave your country, your people and your father's household

More information

Session 27 - Ezekiel 37

Session 27 - Ezekiel 37 THE VALLEY OF THE DRY BONES - CAN ISRAEL LIVE? 37:1-3 The hand of the LORD was upon me, and He brought me out by the Spirit of the LORD and set me down in the middle of the valley; and it was full of bones.

More information

Ezekiel 36:22-32 New International Version September 24, 2017

Ezekiel 36:22-32 New International Version September 24, 2017 Ezekiel 36:22-32 New International Version September 24, 2017 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, September 24, 2017, is from Ezekiel 36:22-32. Questions for

More information

The First Century Church - Lesson 1

The First Century Church - Lesson 1 The First Century Church - Lesson 1 Introduction to Course Jesus said, "I will build my church" - Matthew 16:18. This course is a study of that First Century church as revealed in the scriptures. The church

More information

PART 4 THE MINOR PROPHETS

PART 4 THE MINOR PROPHETS PART 4 THE MINOR PROPHETS There are twelve MINOR PROPHETS; so called only because their scrolls were shorter in length than the writings of the Major Prophets. Again, it is advisable to read each book

More information

Within a few short years the king of Babylon was to be used. Jerusalem. The Destruction of. Lesson. Sabbath Afternoon. *November 28 December 4

Within a few short years the king of Babylon was to be used. Jerusalem. The Destruction of. Lesson. Sabbath Afternoon. *November 28 December 4 Lesson 10 The Destruction of Jerusalem *November 28 December 4 80 Sabbath Afternoon Read for This Week s Study: Ezekiel 8, Rom. 1:22 25, Jer. 37:1 10, 38:1 6, Jer. 29:1 14, Dan. 9:2. Memory Text: Also,

More information

CONTENTS FEATURES SESSIONS. *Evangelistic Emphasis LifeWay. SUGGESTED FOR Title Page THE WEEK OF

CONTENTS FEATURES SESSIONS. *Evangelistic Emphasis LifeWay. SUGGESTED FOR Title Page THE WEEK OF CONTENTS FEATURES Life By Design.................................................................. 2 Writers............................................................................ 4 From the General

More information

17 18 Bible Study # 5

17 18 Bible Study # 5 17 18 Bible Study # 5 10 10 17 Ezekiel 5:1-5 God calls Ezekiel to perform another prophetic act by shaving off his hair and beard 1/3 he will burn with fire 1/3 he will cut up in small pieces and spread

More information

The Church of the Servant King Prophecy Series (Proph16A_Jeremiah and His Contemporaries)

The Church of the Servant King  Prophecy Series (Proph16A_Jeremiah and His Contemporaries) Prophecy Series (Proph16A_Jeremiah and His Contemporaries) Review of the Chronology of the Prophets Baseline Ryrie Chronology 9 th to 8 th Century Obadiah Joel Jonah Amos Hosea Revised Chronology (Prophecy

More information

Kings Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin BC

Kings Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin BC Kings Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin 609-597 BC Babylon Under Assyrian control until 627 After a succession crisis, Nabopolassar took the throne in Babylon in 626 Assyrian general? Babylonian? Civil war

More information

now to your people in exile and speak to them. Say to them, This is what the Sovereign LORD says, whether they listen or fail to listen.

now to your people in exile and speak to them. Say to them, This is what the Sovereign LORD says, whether they listen or fail to listen. Power Hour Lesson Summary for July 23, 2017 Ezekiel Lesson Text: Ezekiel 3:1-11 Background Scripture: Ezekiel 1-3 Devotional Reading: Ezekiel 17:22-24 Ezekiel 3:1-11 (NIV) 1 And he said to me, Son of man,

More information

THE BOOK OF MICAH Introduction & Chapters 1-2

THE BOOK OF MICAH Introduction & Chapters 1-2 THE BOOK OF MICAH Introduction & Chapters 1-2 Teacher: John M. Brown, Flatwoods church of Christ, Sunday Adult Bible Class AUTHOR: Micah 1. His name means "Who is like Jehovah?" 2. He is from the village

More information

What s the Bible all about? Amy Warfield Class 2 Old Testament

What s the Bible all about? Amy Warfield Class 2 Old Testament Amy Warfield Class 2 Old Testament The Old Testament Law History Poetry Major Prophets Minor Prophets Old Testament Law Genesis Exodus Numbers Deuteronomy History Joshua Judges Ruth 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1

More information

2 Jehovah gave Daniel and John several visions of wild. 3 The prophecies of Daniel and John reveal information

2 Jehovah gave Daniel and John several visions of wild. 3 The prophecies of Daniel and John reveal information Standard JEHOVAH IS A REVEALER OF SECRETS Simplified JEHOVAH IS A REVEALER OF SECRETS WHICH governments will be dominating the earth when God s Kingdom brings an end to human rulership? We know the answer

More information

Notes on Ezekiel s Prophesy against Egypt

Notes on Ezekiel s Prophesy against Egypt In Ezekiel chapters 29 through 32, God has Ezekiel prophesy against Egypt and its king (pharaoh). God gives 7 prophesies against Egypt & its king. He dates 6 of these 7 prophesies. There are 13 dates in

More information

Jesus Christ: God s Revelation Directed Reading Worksheet Chapter 5 Kings and Prophets

Jesus Christ: God s Revelation Directed Reading Worksheet Chapter 5 Kings and Prophets Name Date Jesus Christ: God s Revelation Directed Reading Worksheet Chapter 5 Kings and Prophets Directions: Read through the chapter and fill in the missing information. All the questions run sequential

More information

Family Devotional. 21 Quarter 3. God s Word for ALL Generations

Family Devotional. 21 Quarter 3. God s Word for ALL Generations Year Year 21 Quarter 3 Family Devotional Forever, O LORD, Your word is settled in heaven. Your faithfulness endures to all generations; You established the earth, and it abides. Psalm 119:89 90 God s Word

More information

He Gave Us Prophets. Study Guide HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF PROPHECY LESSON FIVE. He Gave Us Prophets

He Gave Us Prophets. Study Guide HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF PROPHECY LESSON FIVE. He Gave Us Prophets 1 He Gave Us Prophets Study Guide LESSON FIVE HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF PROPHECY For videos, manuscripts, and other Lesson resources, 5: Dynamics visit Third of the Millennium Covenant Ministries at thirdmill.org.

More information

What Does It Mean for All Israel to be Saved?

What Does It Mean for All Israel to be Saved? What Does It Mean for All Israel to be Saved? I. INTRODUCTION A. The apostle Paul makes an incredible prediction in Romans 11:25-26: 25 Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want you to be unaware

More information

Ezekiel 34:1-25 Shepherds: True and False FALSE SHEPHERDS OF ISRAEL (34:1-10) YAHWEH SEARCHES FOR HIS SHEEP (34:11-19)

Ezekiel 34:1-25 Shepherds: True and False FALSE SHEPHERDS OF ISRAEL (34:1-10) YAHWEH SEARCHES FOR HIS SHEEP (34:11-19) HOME BIBLE STUDIES & SERMONS ABIDING IN CHRIST SEARCH DEVOTIONS PERSONAL GROWTH LINKS LATEST ADDITION Ezekiel 34:1-25 Shepherds: True and False The LORD God, Yahweh, pictures Himself as the Shepherd of

More information

Revelation: The Church Triumphant Through Christ the Lamb of God

Revelation: The Church Triumphant Through Christ the Lamb of God Revelation: The Church Triumphant Through Christ the Lamb of God Based upon Jim McGuiggan s work on the book of Revelation The Book of Revelation: The Old Testament In this lesson, we will learn that John

More information

The promise of a Messiah Old Testament (part 3)

The promise of a Messiah Old Testament (part 3) The promise of a Messiah Old Testament (part 3) So what is a Messiah and why do we need one? The world is not as God intended if there is a good God, why is there evil in the world? The Old Testament opens

More information

Ezekiel. Pathways of Discipleship Bible Survey ELM GROVE BAPTIST CHURCH

Ezekiel. Pathways of Discipleship Bible Survey ELM GROVE BAPTIST CHURCH Ezekiel Pathways of Discipleship Bible Survey ELM GROVE BAPTIST CHURCH May 23, 2010 Ezekiel Pathways of Discipleship Bible Survey Title and Meaning Named for its author, Ezekiel; he is mentioned nowhere

More information

SESSION 8: PROPHETIC MINISTRY IN THE END-TIMES(REV )

SESSION 8: PROPHETIC MINISTRY IN THE END-TIMES(REV ) SESSION 8: PROPHETIC MINISTRY IN THE END-TIMES(REV. 10-11) INTRODUCTION Revelation 10:1-11:13 is an angelic explanation (parenthetical section) that follows after the worldwide crisis described in Revelation

More information

o n t he Bo o k o f Zecha r ia h

o n t he Bo o k o f Zecha r ia h o n t he Bo o k o f Zecha r ia h Prepared by Ray Reynolds Zechariah: Introduction Author: Zechariah means remembered by Yahweh. Very little is known about the prophet except what is stated in his book.

More information

Bible Survey Lesson 8 - Pre-exilic and Exilic Prophets

Bible Survey Lesson 8 - Pre-exilic and Exilic Prophets Bible Survey Lesson 8 - Pre-exilic and Exilic Prophets Joel 1. The Summary Joel uses the calamity of locusts to warn of a greater judgment yet to come. 2. The Author Joel The only other reference to Joel

More information

EZEKIEL "JUDGMENT AND RESTORATION 'UNTIL ALL KNOW I AM YAHWEH'"

EZEKIEL JUDGMENT AND RESTORATION 'UNTIL ALL KNOW I AM YAHWEH' EZEKIEL "JUDGMENT AND RESTORATION 'UNTIL ALL KNOW I AM YAHWEH'" 22 "Therefore say to the house of Israel, 'Thus says the Lord GOD, "It is not for your sake, O house of Israel, that I am about to act, but

More information

The Final Unity of Isaiah

The Final Unity of Isaiah Isaiah 1-39 1-12 Words against Judah and Jerusalem 13-23 Oracles against Foreign Nations 24-27 Isaianic apocalypse 28-32 Assyrian Cycle 33-35 Salvation appendix 36-39 Historical materials//2 Kgs 18:17-20:19

More information

Ezekiel 36:22-32 King James Version September 24, 2017

Ezekiel 36:22-32 King James Version September 24, 2017 Ezekiel 36:22-32 King James Version September 24, 2017 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, September 24, 2017, is from Ezekiel 36:22-32. Questions for Discussion

More information

Ezekiel Chapter 6. Ezekiel 6:2 "Son of man, set thy face toward the mountains of Israel, and prophesy against them,"

Ezekiel Chapter 6. Ezekiel 6:2 Son of man, set thy face toward the mountains of Israel, and prophesy against them, Ezekiel Chapter 6 Ezekiel 6:1 "And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying," This is Ezekiel speaking. This introduces a scathing sermon against the sin of idolatry because the people went a whoring

More information

The Destruction of Jerusalem

The Destruction of Jerusalem 10 Easy Reading Edition Date November 28 December 4 The Destruction of Jerusalem SABBATH NOVEMBER 28 READ FOR THIS WEEK S LESSON: Ezekiel 8; Romans 1:22 25; Jeremiah 37:1 10; Jeremiah 38:1 6; Jeremiah

More information

Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. Already back, but not yet returned from exile

Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. Already back, but not yet returned from exile Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi Already back, but not yet returned from exile Approaching Haggai Who was Haggai and what were his times? What are the structure and themes in Haggai? How does Haggai point

More information

Overview of the Old Testament

Overview of the Old Testament Overview of the Old Testament 1. Creation and Fall (Gen. 1-11) 2. Abraham and the Patriarchs (Gen. 12-50) 3. Out of Egypt and into the land (Exodus Judges) 4. Monarchy: United and Divided (1 Samuel 2 Kings

More information

Preschool. June 15, :45am

Preschool. June 15, :45am Preschool June 15, 2014 8:45am Leader BIBLE STUDY Use Week of: June 15, 2014 Warnings had come from the prophets for decades. God patiently waited for His people to turn from their sin. The prophet Jeremiah

More information

Jesus Christ: God s Revelation to the World Chapter 5 Kings & Prophets Await the Messiah

Jesus Christ: God s Revelation to the World Chapter 5 Kings & Prophets Await the Messiah Name Date Jesus Christ: God s Revelation to the World Chapter 5 Kings & Prophets Await the Messiah Directions: Read through the chapter and fill in the missing information. All the questions run sequential

More information

2 Chronicles 7:11-22 New International Version March 25, 2018

2 Chronicles 7:11-22 New International Version March 25, 2018 2 Chronicles 7:11-22 New International Version March 25, 2018 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, March 25, 2018, is from 2 Chronicles 7:11-22. Questions for

More information

A SPECTACULAR OVERVIEW OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES Part Three: The Restoration History

A SPECTACULAR OVERVIEW OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES Part Three: The Restoration History A SPECTACULAR OVERVIEW OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES Part Three: The Restoration History (Ezra, Esther, Nehemiah) and The Four Major Prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel) (2007) With Charles P. Schmitt,

More information

The Seventy Sevens Scripture Text: Daniel 9:24 27

The Seventy Sevens Scripture Text: Daniel 9:24 27 Delivered Date: Sunday, September 17, 2017 1 The Seventy Sevens Scripture Text: Daniel 9:24 27 Introduction What kind of answer do we expect when we pray? Most of us probably want an answer to some question

More information

Kings of the Jews. The Kingdom Divides

Kings of the Jews. The Kingdom Divides The Kingdom Divides The Kingdom Divides 1Ki 11:9 The LORD became angry with Solomon because his heart had turned away from the LORD, the God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice. 1Ki 11:10 Although

More information

HOW WOULD THEY SURVIVE?

HOW WOULD THEY SURVIVE? LESSON 9 HOW WOULD THEY SURVIVE? I. What is the aim of this lesson? The aim of this lesson is to explore different approaches toward Jewish survival after the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple and

More information

CYRUS - GOD'S ANOINTED SHEPHERD By: B.L. Cocherell

CYRUS - GOD'S ANOINTED SHEPHERD By: B.L. Cocherell CYRUS - GOD'S ANOINTED SHEPHERD By: B.L. Cocherell Nearly 150 years before Cyrus was born, the prophet Isaiah foretold his birth, his name, and the tasks that the Creator God had predetermined for him

More information

2 Chronicles 7:11-22 New American Standard Bible March 25, 2018

2 Chronicles 7:11-22 New American Standard Bible March 25, 2018 2 Chronicles 7:11-22 New American Standard Bible March 25, 2018 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, March 25, 2018, is from 2 Chronicles 7:11-22. Questions

More information

Handout Jeremiah Lesson 1. Summary Outline of the Book of Jeremiah #8 The Assyrian Exile of Israel and The Babylonian Exile of Judah

Handout Jeremiah Lesson 1. Summary Outline of the Book of Jeremiah #8 The Assyrian Exile of Israel and The Babylonian Exile of Judah Handout Jeremiah Lesson 1 Biblical Period Covenant Summary Outline of the Book of Jeremiah #8 The Assyrian Exile of Israel and The Babylonian Exile of Judah The Sinai Covenant [& the Davidic Covenant]

More information

Survey of Old Testament History

Survey of Old Testament History Survey of Old Testament History Look at your "World History Time Chart." On your time charts, dates are given with the designation "B. C." or "A. D." "B. C." means "Before Christ" and is used with dates

More information

Books of the Septuagint Part 2

Books of the Septuagint Part 2 Books of the Septuagint Part 2 Introduction: As Israel was under the authority of Greece for several centuries, the Greek language became more and more common. The Septuagint represents the first major

More information

DESTINATION: Zephaniah 1-3

DESTINATION: Zephaniah 1-3 DESTINATION: Zephaniah 1-3 Zephaniah, a prince of the royal house of Judah, was the prophet during the reign of King Josiah. The book addresses the social injustice and moral decay of Judah and her neighbors.

More information

Questions Jeremiah Answered. Table of Contents

Questions Jeremiah Answered. Table of Contents Questions Jeremiah Answered Table of Contents Lesson 1 - Jeremiah 1:1-3... 2 Lesson 2 - Jeremiah 1:4-19... 3 Lesson 3 - Jeremiah 2:1-13... 4 Lesson 4 - Jeremiah 7:1-15... 5 Lesson 5 - Jeremiah 17:1-11...

More information

Giving Thanks for God s Mercy

Giving Thanks for God s Mercy Giving Thanks for God s Mercy Romans 9:25-29 This is the time of year when we reflect on God s mercies and give thanks to him. In Romans 9:25-29, Paul gives reasons why we should be grateful to God for

More information

Did the Babylonian Captivity Really Last for 70 Years?

Did the Babylonian Captivity Really Last for 70 Years? Did the Babylonian Captivity Really Last for 70 Years? Introduction One of the events that is well known to students of the Bible is that of the Babylonian captivity. The basic points about that event

More information

E MAIL. Unit 16, Session 1: Daniel and His Friends Obeyed God. Dear Parents,

E MAIL. Unit 16, Session 1: Daniel and His Friends Obeyed God. Dear Parents, Unit 16, Session 1: Daniel and His Friends Obeyed God Unit 16, Session 2: Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego Unit 16, Session 3: Daniel Was Rescued Unit 16, Session 4: God Brought His People Home Unit 16,

More information

OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS SESSION 6. The Point. The Passage. The Bible Meets Life. The Setting

OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS SESSION 6. The Point. The Passage. The Bible Meets Life. The Setting SESSION 6 OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS The Point Because God is righteous, He will ultimately make all things right. The Passage Jeremiah 33:3-8,14-16 The Bible Meets Life Life is just not fair. People with poor

More information

ISAIAH S PROPHECIES OF THE MESSIAH FULFILLED IN JESUS OF NAZARETH

ISAIAH S PROPHECIES OF THE MESSIAH FULFILLED IN JESUS OF NAZARETH ISAIAH S PROPHECIES OF THE MESSIAH FULFILLED IN JESUS OF NAZARETH THE PROPHECY THE FULFILLMENT The Promised Messiah: Jesus of Nazareth: Will be born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14) Was born of a virgin named

More information

THE COMING OF THE MESSIAH AND THE PROPHECY OF DANIEL

THE COMING OF THE MESSIAH AND THE PROPHECY OF DANIEL THE COMING OF THE MESSIAH AND THE PROPHECY OF DANIEL By Bryan Mistele Certainly many Christians are aware that the Old Testament contains many prophecies concerning the coming of Christ literally hundreds

More information

BIBLE STUDENT BOOK. 6th Grade Unit 5

BIBLE STUDENT BOOK. 6th Grade Unit 5 BIBLE STUDENT BOOK 6th Grade Unit 5 Unit 5 The Captivity and Restoration BIBLE 605 The Captivity and Restoration INTRODUCTION 3 1 THE CAPTIVITY 7 JEREMIAH 8 EZEKIEL 12 DANIEL 14 SELF TEST 1 21 2. THE RESTORATION

More information

EZEKIEL CHAPTER FIVE

EZEKIEL CHAPTER FIVE EZEKIEL CHAPTER FIVE PROPHET - DATE JONAH (825-785BC)? JOEL (800BC)? HOSEA (785-725BC)? MICAH (785-710BC)? AMOS (784BC)? ISAIAH (701-681BC)? NAHUM (700BC)? ZEPHANIAH (630BC)? JEREMIAH (629-588BC)? DANIEL

More information

Nehemiah 9:32-39 & 10:28-29 King James Version October 29, 2017 International Bible Lesson Sunday October 29, 2017 Nehemiah 9:32-39 & 10:28-29

Nehemiah 9:32-39 & 10:28-29 King James Version October 29, 2017 International Bible Lesson Sunday October 29, 2017 Nehemiah 9:32-39 & 10:28-29 Nehemiah 9:32-39 & 10:28-29 King James Version October 29, 2017 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, October 29, 2017, is from Nehemiah 9:32-39 & 10:28-29.

More information

Romans 9:1-29 (Study 15)

Romans 9:1-29 (Study 15) Romans 9:1-29 (Study 15) Opener: What should our response be to the truths of chapter 8? Applying our Tools: Getting the immediate context What came before? Are there any O.T. Allusions? If God sacrificed

More information

VERSE BY VERSE MINISTRY

VERSE BY VERSE MINISTRY VERSE BY VERSE MINISTRY INTERNATIONAL TEACHING THE WHOLE COUNSEL OF GOD Daniel 7 Medo-Persian Kingdom Decreasing Majesty Increasing Strength The Age of the Gentiles Greek/Hellenistic Kingdom Trampling

More information

Ezekiel Chapter 4. Ezekiel 4:1 "Thou also, son of man, take thee a tile, and lay it before thee, and portray upon it the city, [even] Jerusalem:"

Ezekiel Chapter 4. Ezekiel 4:1 Thou also, son of man, take thee a tile, and lay it before thee, and portray upon it the city, [even] Jerusalem: Ezekiel Chapter 4 Ezekiel 4:1 "Thou also, son of man, take thee a tile, and lay it before thee, and portray upon it the city, [even] Jerusalem:" Beginning with this verse and continuing through (chapter

More information

The Land of Israel during the Kingdom Age

The Land of Israel during the Kingdom Age The Land of Israel during the Kingdom Age Introduction One topic that Scripture mentions a great deal is the subject of: life in the next age. In essence, many passages in the Bible tell us that believers

More information

SIGNS OF THE LAST DAYS AND THE COMING OF MESSIAH

SIGNS OF THE LAST DAYS AND THE COMING OF MESSIAH CHAPTER 2 SIGNS OF THE LAST DAYS AND THE COMING OF MESSIAH Sign 1: The rebirth of Israel One of the tasks of the Messiah, according to the rabbis quoted in this booklet, is to bring peace to Israel and

More information

A Prophecy to the Mountains of Israel. Ezekiel 36-:1-38

A Prophecy to the Mountains of Israel. Ezekiel 36-:1-38 1 A Prophecy to the Mountains of Israel Ezekiel 36-:1-38 2 A Prophecy to the Mountains of Israel Text: Ezekiel 36-1-38, 1. As for you, son of man, prophesy to the mountains of Israel, and say: O mountains

More information

Revelation Part 3 Lesson 9

Revelation Part 3 Lesson 9 Revelation Part 3 Lesson 9 Genesis 13:14-18 14 The LORD said to Abram, after Lot had separated from him, Now lift up your eyes and look from the place where you are, northward and southward and eastward

More information

22nd Sunday in Ordinary Time Cycle A

22nd Sunday in Ordinary Time Cycle A 22nd Sunday in Ordinary Time Cycle A Note: Where a Scripture text is underlined in the body of this discussion, it is recommended that the reader look up and read that passage. 1st Reading - Jeremiah 20:7-9

More information

International Bible Lessons Commentary Ezekiel 43:1-12

International Bible Lessons Commentary Ezekiel 43:1-12 International Bible Lessons Commentary Ezekiel 43:1-12 King James Version International Bible Lessons Sunday, November 2, 2014 L.G. Parkhurst, Jr. The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School

More information

Nahum. Introduction. Author and Title. Date

Nahum. Introduction. Author and Title. Date Nahum Introduction When Jonah preached repentance on the streets of Nineveh, the capital of Assyria, the people responded and were spared. A century later, sometime between 663 and 612 B.C., Nahum preached

More information

The Story of a Kingdom Chapter 20

The Story of a Kingdom Chapter 20 The Story of a Kingdom Chapter 20 Old Testament Books 144 The Story of a Kingdom Chapter 20 Chapter 20 Numbers 13-14 The Story so Far At Mount Sinai God instructed the people to build Him a tent. God s

More information

BIBLE RADIO PRODUCTIONS

BIBLE RADIO PRODUCTIONS BIBLE RADIO PRODUCTIONS www.bibleradio.org.au BIBLE ADVENTURES SCRIPT: A1915 ~ Jeremiah the Prophet. Welcome to Bible Adventures. Help for today. Hope for tomorrow. Jesus is Lord of all. Jeremiah served

More information

Historic prophecies. The following Bible prophecies represent just a sample of these, but are some of the most amazing.

Historic prophecies. The following Bible prophecies represent just a sample of these, but are some of the most amazing. Historic prophecies The Bible is full of historic prophecies, prophecies about events, rulers, civilizations and countries that have been fulfilled to exact dates. The following Bible prophecies represent

More information

Inspired Aspirations The Holy Spirit Part 1

Inspired Aspirations The Holy Spirit Part 1 Inspired Aspirations The Holy Spirit Part 1 By Phillip Jensen Matthias Media (The Briefing #92; www.matthiasmedia.com.au/briefing). Used with permission. Have you ever felt sorry for Nicodemus? He ventured

More information

ZECHARIAH Andrew Hancock May 1, 2011

ZECHARIAH Andrew Hancock May 1, 2011 P a g e 1 ZECHARIAH Andrew Hancock May 1, 2011 Introduction and Background: The prophet Zechariah was a priest, the son of Berechiah and grandson of Iddo. He was a member of a prominent priestly family

More information

The True Glory of the Church

The True Glory of the Church The True Glory of the Church Ps. 97: 1 4 Ps. 78: 3 Ps. 68: 1, 8 Ps. 102: 6, 7 Ps. 48: 1, 3 Scripture reading: Isaiah 2: 1 4: 6 Text: Isaiah 4: 1 6 Beloved congregation of our Lord Jesus Christ, Judah enjoyed

More information

THE SEVENTY WEEKS OF DANIEL

THE SEVENTY WEEKS OF DANIEL Chapter 9 of the book of Daniel describes one of the most important times in the history of Israel and of the world. This period of time is referred to as the Seventy Weeks of Daniel, or the Seventy Sevens.

More information

2 Chronicles 7:11-22 King James Version March 25, 2018

2 Chronicles 7:11-22 King James Version March 25, 2018 2 Chronicles 7:11-22 King James Version March 25, 2018 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, March 25, 2018, is from 2 Chronicles 7:11-22. Questions for Discussion

More information

DANIEL 9:4-8, LESSON: A PRAYER FOR AN OBEDIENT FAITH January 21, 2018

DANIEL 9:4-8, LESSON: A PRAYER FOR AN OBEDIENT FAITH January 21, 2018 DANIEL 9:4-8, 15-19 LESSON: A PRAYER FOR AN OBEDIENT FAITH January 21, 2018 INTRODUCTION: Chapter 9:1-3 9:1 In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made king

More information

JEREMIAH OVERVIEW Philip Jensen

JEREMIAH OVERVIEW Philip Jensen 1. INTRODUCTION JEREMIAH OVERVIEW Philip Jensen - 09.03.2011 Overall summary: What to do when the whole of society is collapsing? Because of his response, Jeremiah is known as the weeping prophet. Structure:

More information

The Prophecies of Isaiah 86 Lesson 34

The Prophecies of Isaiah 86 Lesson 34 The Prophecies of Isaiah 86 Lesson 34 Entering into the fourth part of the second section of Vision 22, the Lord calls for all of Israel to shout joyfully because the Servant will bring salvation to the

More information

IS THE MESSIAH GOD? A LOOK AT THE OLD TESTAMENT. by Todd Bolen

IS THE MESSIAH GOD? A LOOK AT THE OLD TESTAMENT. by Todd Bolen IS THE MESSIAH GOD? A LOOK AT THE OLD TESTAMENT by Todd Bolen Many Jews and cultists charge that the deity of the Messiah was invented after the first century AD by theologians who misread the Bible. In

More information

!e Lo" Sheep. Outline with details. Northern Kingdom House of Israel Southern Kingdom House of Judah

!e Lo Sheep. Outline with details. Northern Kingdom House of Israel Southern Kingdom House of Judah !e Lo" Sheep Outline with details Northern Kingdom House of Israel Southern Kingdom House of Judah Abraham promised numerous descendants. Gen 22:17-18 Isaac promised numerous descendants. Gen 26:4-5 Jacob

More information

Our condensed overview study will be based off of the book 30 Days to Understanding the Bible by Max Anders. 1. The Bible is the,, and word of God.

Our condensed overview study will be based off of the book 30 Days to Understanding the Bible by Max Anders. 1. The Bible is the,, and word of God. Week 3: Bible overview, part 1 Our condensed overview study will be based off of the book 30 Days to Understanding the Bible by Max Anders. 1. The Bible is the,, and word of God. 2. The Bible is book that

More information

A VISION OF GOD S JUDGMENT ON JERUSALEM EZEKIEL 8:1-12:20

A VISION OF GOD S JUDGMENT ON JERUSALEM EZEKIEL 8:1-12:20 A VISION OF GOD S JUDGMENT ON JERUSALEM EZEKIEL 8:1-12:20 49 Ecstatic vision of Jerusalem 1 In the sixth year, in the sixth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house, with the elders of

More information

Free Bible Study Notes and Commentary on Deuteronomy 28-34

Free Bible Study Notes and Commentary on Deuteronomy 28-34 Free Bible Study Notes and Commentary on Deuteronomy 28-34 Introduction: As Moses finishes his farewell address to the people of Israel, he graphically describes the blessings that will come from obedience

More information

The Messianic King and Kingdom

The Messianic King and Kingdom Jesus, the Messiah The Hebrew word transliterated Messiah refers to one who has been anointed or rubbed with oil. The word is used especially in connection with Israel s priests (Leviticus 4:3 16; 6:15)

More information

EZEKIEL PART 1 THE MILLENNIAL TEMPLE

EZEKIEL PART 1 THE MILLENNIAL TEMPLE EZEKIEL 40-48 PART 1 THE MILLENNIAL TEMPLE (v.1-5) The twenty-fifth year, counting from the first captivity in 597 B.C., would be around 573/572 B.C. There were actually three separate captivities which

More information

The Lord. Roars. The Message of Amos. Bible Studies Ashfield Presbyterian Church ashfieldpresbyterian.org.au

The Lord. Roars. The Message of Amos. Bible Studies Ashfield Presbyterian Church ashfieldpresbyterian.org.au The Lord Roars The Message of Amos Bible Studies Ashfield Presbyterian Church ashfieldpresbyterian.org.au Introduction: When the nation of Israel began, their future was full of promise if only they would

More information