Quranic Arabic Program

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1 Quranic Arabic Program At end of this module, you will be able to understand 20-25% of Arabic books on religion. : Arabic Text (Answers) Muhammad Mubashir Nazir / Muhammad Shakeel Asim

2 Table of Contents Description Page Lesson 1: Attitude of Believers 3 Lesson 2: Social Conduct 10 Lesson 3: Makkah, Madina and Prophet s Migration 17 Lesson 4: Spend in Allah s Way 26 Lesson 5: Manners and Etiquettes 32 Lesson 6: Dialogues 39 Lesson 7: Conduct of Ummat-e-Muslimah 45 Lesson 8: The Opinion of Prophet s Enemies about Him 51 Lesson 9: The Cleanliness, the Prayer and the Pilgrimage 59 2

3 Lesson 1: Attitude of Believers The Result Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test. الا ر ض ف ي وما الس موا ت ف ي ما ل ل ه Whatever is in the heavens and the earth is for Allah. الل ه ب ه ي حاس ب ك م ت خ ف وه أ و أنف س ك م ف ي ما ت ب د وا وإ ن If you demonstrate whatever is in your mind or hide it, Allah will make you accountable for that. قد ي ر شي ء علىك ل والل ه يشاء م ن ب وي عذ يشاء ل م ن فيغ ف ر So He will forgive (on merit) whomever He wants and will punish whomever He wants (based on his / her deeds). Allah is powerful over everything. Rule of the Day فعل In Arabic, there are two type of verbs due to time. One is (Present and Future فعل مضارع (Past Tense) and the other is ماضي Tense). The same verb is used for both Present and Future Tense. You have to specify it based on the context. Face the Challenge! What is the difference between common and proper noun? He will hold you accountable Heavens, skies الس موات ي حاس ب ك م So, He will forgive (Note: ي is used to described 'he'.) Earth الا ر ض فيغ ف ر ي غفر With it If إ ن ب ه For whom He wants, You show ت ب د وا يشاء ل م ن He punishes which نفس is plural of أنفس means soul, mind, personality. أنف س ك م ي عذ ب You hide it (Note: ت is used to described 'you'.) ت خ ف وه ت خفو 3

4 Lesson 1: Attitude of Believers وال م و م ن و ن رب ه م ن إ لي ه أ نز ل ب ما الر س و ل آمن The Prophet believed on what is revealed to him by his Lord and the believers (also believed). ور س ل ه وك ت ب ه وملاي كت ه ب الل ه آم ن ك ل They all believed in Allah, His angels, His Books and His Prophets. ر س ل ه م ن أح د بي ن ن فر ق لا (They said:) We do not differentiate among anyone from His Prophets. ال مص ي ر وإ لي ك رب نا غ ف ران ك وأطع نا سم ع نا وقال وا They said, 'We listened and obeyed. O Lord! Pardon us, to You we have to return. لا ي كل ف الل ه نف سا إ لا و س عها لها ماكسب ت وعلي ها ما اك تسب ت Allah does not make responsible any person except for what is in his / her capability. Whatever (s)he earns, it is for him / her and (s)he will be responsible for it. We listened We followed, we obeyed He believed آمن ب ما سم ع نا On what, with what أطع نا Your pardon! (A word to seek forgiveness) Destiny, the place of return He makes responsible It was revealed to him, it was brought down towards him. أ نز ل إ ل ي ه أو ال م و م ن ون غ ف رانك ال مص ير ي كل ف Or The Believers, the Faithful Singular of.أنفس Person, mind, soul Its capability It earned It earned نف س ا و س عها كسبت اك تسبت We differentiate (Note: ن is used to described 'we'.) Between Anyone of His prophets They said ن فر ق ن فرق بي ن أحد م ن ر س ل ه قال وا 4

5 Lesson 1: Attitude of Believers أخ طا نا أ و نس ينا إ ن ت و اخ ذ نا لا رب نا (They pray:) O our Lord! Don t make us accountable if we forget or commit a mistake. قب ل نا م ن ال ذ ي ن على حمل ته إ ص را كما علي نا ل تح م ولا رب نا O our Lord! Don t place a burden on us as You placed a burden on those who were before us. رب نا ولا ت حم ل نا ما لا طاقة لنا ب ه واع ف عن ا واغ ف ر لنا وار حم نا Or our Lord! Don t place a burden on us that is unbearable for us. Forgive us, pardon us and be Merciful to us. (البقرة 2: ) You are our Master, so help us against the unbeliever nation. ال كاف ر ي ن. ال قو م على فانص ر نا مو لانا أن ت Rule of the Day If the word كان is added to any verb in present tense, it makes in past continuous tense. For example eat). (he used to كان يا ك ل (he eats), will become يا ك ل Forgive You examine us ت و اخ ذ نا اع ف From us We forgot نس ينا عن ا عن نا Pardon us We committed a mistake أخ طا نا اغ ف ر لنا Be merciful to us Our Master So, help us The nation Don t burden Burden You burdened it Those who were before us لا تح م ل إ ص را حمل ته ال ذ ين م ن قب ل نا ار حم نا مو لانا فانص رنا ال قو م The infidels, the unbelievers Don t burden us Capability, power لا ت حم ل نا طاقة ال كاف ر ين 5

6 Lesson 1: Attitude of Believers ال قي وم ال ح ي ه و إ لا إ له الل ه لا الم. This is Alif, Laam, Meem. Allah, there is no god except Him, The Live, The Eternal. نز ل علي ك ال ك تا ب وأن زل ال ف ر قا ن ل لن ا س ه د ى قب ل م ن والا ن ج ي ل الت و راة وأن ز ل يدي ه بي ن ل ما م صد قا ب ال ح ق He revealed the Book on you with truth, it is confirming whatever is in their (Jews and Christians) hand. He revealed the Torah and the Gospels before to guide people. He has (now) revealed the Criterion of truth (i.e. the Quran). ان ت قا م ذ و عز ي ز والل ه شد ي د عذا ب له م الل ه ب ا يا ت ال ذ ي ن كفر وا إ ن Verily, there is a hard punishment for those who rejected Allah s verses. And Allah is very Powerful and Capable for retribution. Surely, anything in the Earth or the Heavens is not hidden from Allah. لا الل ه إ ن يخ فى علي ه شي ء ف ي الا ر ض ولا ف ي الس ما ء Verily, certainly, without any doubt He revealed gradually نز ل إ ن Those who disbelieved With the truth ب ال ح ق ال ذ ين كفر وا With Allah s verses, with Allah s signs Harsh punishment Very Powerful and Respectful One who take revenge, capable of retribution It is not secret A thing, anything ب ا يات الل ه عذاب شد يد عز يز ذ و ان ت قام Confirming for what Between his both hands He revealed The Torah The Gospels م صد قا ل ما بي ن يدي ه أن زل الت و راة الا ن ج يل ه د ى ل لن ا س ال ف ر قان لا يخ فى شي ء Face the Challenge! What is a phrase? Identify the types of 'phrase' in English? Guidance for humanity The Criteria for right and wrong i.e. The Quran 6

7 Lesson 1: Attitude of Believers الا ر حا مكي ف ف ي ي صو ر ك م ال ذ ي ه و يشاء He is the One Who shapes you in the mother s wombs according to His will. ال حك ي م ال عز ي ز ه و إ لا إ له لا There is no god except Him, the Powerful, the Wise. ه و ال ذ ي أن ز ل علي ك ال ك تا ب م ن ه آيا ت م ح كما ت ه ن أ م ال ك تا ب وأ خ ر م تشاب ها ت He is the One Who revealed the Book on you (O Prophet!). In it, there are established verses which are the foundation of the Book while others are allegorical (to describe the details of the Hereafter). فا م ا ال ذ ي ن ف ي ق ل وب ه م زي غ فيت ب ع و ن ما تشابه م ن ه اب ت غاء ال ف ت ن ة واب ت غاء تا و يل ه وما يع ل م تا و يله إ لا الل ه So those, whose hearts have a deviation, follow the allegorical verses with an intention to mislead and to give it their own interpretation. Nobody knows their real meaning except Allah. So regarding those who Their hearts Deviation So they follow It becomes an allegory To seek Misleading, test Its meaning He does not know He is the One Who ه و ال ذ ي ي صو ر ك م الا ر حام فا م ا ال ذ ي ن ق ل وب ه م زي غ He makes your form The mother s wombs As He likes يشاء كي ف ال حك يم م ح كمات فيت ب ع ون تشابه اب ت غاء ال ف ت نة The Most Wise Established, clear, decisive Mother, base from where everything else is derived Other أ م أ خر تا و يل ه ما يع ل م Allegorical (Note: Verses about Hereafter are described in allegorical way. Since we have not seen the details of Hereafter therefore we are not able to conceive their real meaning.) م تشاب هات 7

8 Lesson 1: Attitude of Believers وما رب نا ع ن د م ن ب هك ل آمن ا يق ول و ن ال ع ل م ف ي والر اس خ ون يذ ك ر إ لا أ و ل وا الا ل با ب While the scholars with established knowledge say, 'We believed in whatever is coming from our Lord.' Nobody takes heed except the people of wisdom (who say:) لنا وه ب هدي تنا إ ذ بع د ق ل وبنا ت ز غ لا رب نا م ن لد ن ك رح مة إ ن ك أن ت ال وه ا ب 'Our Lord! Don t deviate our hearts after You have guided us and provide us from Your Own Mercy. Verily only and only You are the Provider.' الن ا س جام ع إ ن ك رب نا ل يو م لا ري ب ف ي ه إ ن الل ه لا ي خ ل ال م يعا د. ف (آل عمران 3:1-9) 'Our Lord! Surely, You will gather people on the Day which is beyond any doubt. Verily Allah does not violates the promise. Do you know? If the language of a particular time has a word for something, it means that such item was existing at that time. For example, if we find a word for 'axe' in the literature of a society written in 500BC, it means that axe was used by that society. Similarly the word 'computer' was not available in the English literature of 1930s. Therefore, the literature is used for getting information about that society. Provide for us Established, grounded, firmly fixed الر اس خ ون لنا هب From your own mercy They say (Note: ون is used to described 'they'.) يق ول ون رح مة ك م ن لد ن Verily You You (to emphasize on 'You') Each ك ل أن ت ك إ ن Grantor, Giver, Provider Near ع ن د ال وه اب Collector, the one who gathers People جام ع الن اس They don t take heed / pay attention The people of wisdom ما يذ ك ر أ و ل وا الا ل با ب On the day ق ل وبنا Our hearts ل يو م There is not doubt in it. ت ز غ لا Don t deviate لا ري ب ف يه He does not violate إ ذ بع د After when ف ي خ ل لا The promise, the time of fulfilling a promise هدي تنا You guided us ال م يعاد 8

9 Lesson 1: Attitude of Believers Have you noted? There is a ي at the beginning of words with present tense having a pronoun 'he'. For example: shapes). (He ي صو ر hides), (He يخ فى There is a ت at the beginning of words with present tense having a pronoun 'you'. For example: shapes). (You ت صو ر hide), (You ت خ ف و There is a ن at the beginning of words with present tense having a pronoun 'we'. For example: shapes). (We ن صو ر differentiate), (We ن فر ق There is a نا at the end of words having a pronoun 'our or us'. For example: انص ر نا (Help us), (Be Merciful to us). This word also comes at the end of words in Past Tense. Here it ار حم نا means 'we'. For example: سم ع نا (We listened), أخ طا نا (We committed a mistake). In Classical Arabic, direction of a communication changes. Observe these verses: آمن الر س و ل ب ما أ نز ل إ لي ه م ن رب ه وال م و م ن ون. ك ل آم ن ب الل ه وملاي كت ه وك ت ب ه ور س ل ه 'لا ن فر ق بي ن أحد م ن ر س ل ه.' وقال وا 'سم ع نا وأطع نا غ ف ران ك رب نا! وإ لي ك ال مص ي ر.' لا ي كل ف الل ه نف سا إ لا و س عها لها ماكسب ت وعلي ها ما اك تسبت 'رب نا! لا ت و اخ ذ نا إ ن نس ينا أ و أخ طا نا...' والر اس خ ون ف ي ال ع ل م يق ول ون 'آمن ا ب ه ك ل م ن ع ن د رب نا' وما يذ ك ر إ لا أ و ل وا الا ل باب 'رب نا! لا ت ز غ ق ل وبنا بع د إ ذ هدي تنا وه ب لنا م ن لد ن ك رح مة إ ن ك أن ت ال وه ا ب. رب نا! إ ن ك جام ع الن ا س ل يو م لا ف ال م يعاد. ري ب ف ي ه' إ ن الل ه لا ي خ ل In these verses, sentences of red color are said by the people under discussion while black words are those of Allah. Objective of this change of direction from first person to third person and third person to second person is to draw attention of the audience. Do you know? Literature of a language provides information about the socio-economic background of the society in which it was written. Worth Reading The Report of Transparency International and a Hadith. This article is an eye-opening writing on the condition of Muslim Ummah. Transparency.htm 9

10 Lesson 2: Social Conduct The Result: Calculate your score. Each sentence carries five mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise. حد ثنا ب ن أب ي ع مر حد ثنا س فيا ن عن عم ر و ب ن د ينا ر عن أب ي قاب و س عن عب د ا الله ب ن عمر و قال قال رس و ل ا الله صلى االله عليه وسلم Abu Umar described to us: Sufyan described it from A mr Ibn Dinar from Abu Qaboos from A bdullah Ibn A mr: He said: Allah s Prophet صلى االله عليه وسلم said: الر اح م ون يرحم ه م الر حما ن The Most Merciful mercies upon those who are merciful. الس ما ء في من يرحم ك م الا ر ض في من ارحم وا Be merciful to those who are in the earth, The One Who is in the heavens will be Merciful to you. الر ح م ش ج نة م ن الر حما ن فم ن وصلها وصله االله ومن قطعها قطعه االله. Mercy is a branch from The Merciful. So whoever joins it, Allah will join him and whoever cuts it, Allah will cut him. حدي ث هذا عيسى أبو قال حس ن صح ي ح. (ترمذي كتاب البر و الصلة 1924) Abu A isa (Tirmidhi) said, 'This Hadith is authentic and reliable.' Do you know? In Arabic, pronouns are usually attached at the end of a word. Similarly, various singleletter words are attached at the beginning of a word. Therefore, one word is sometimes a combination of three words. Branch He joined it Merciful people الر اح م ون يرحم ه م ش ج نة He becomes Merciful for them وصلها He cut it Be merciful! ارحم وا قطعها Good (used to describe an authentic Hadith) Earth الا رض حسن حسن Healthy (more authentic than Hadith) Heavens الس ما ء صح يح 10

11 Lesson 2: Social Conduct حدثنا عمرو بن علي حدثنا يحيى أنس ب ن مال ك يقو ل: سمعت قال الس د وس ي ق ر ة أب ي ب ن الم غ يرة حدثنا القط ا ن سعيد بن A mr Ibn A li described to us: Yahya Ibn Sa eed Al Qattan described to us: Mughirah Ibn Abi Qurrah Al- Sadoosi described, he said, 'I have listened Anas Ibn Malik رضى االله عنه saying: ل.' وتوك 'اعق ل ها قال وأتوك ل' أ طل ق ها أو وأتوك ل أعق ل ها ا الله رس ول 'يا رج ل قال (ترمذي كتاب الصفة القيامة 2517) A man said, 'O Allah s Prophet! Should I tie it (camel) and trust (in Allah)? Or should I leave it untied and trust (in Allah)?' He replied, 'Tie it and trust (in Allah).' قال: جابر عن الزبير أبو حدثنا زهير. حدثنا يونس. بن عبداالله بن أحمد حدثنا Ahmad Ibn A bdullah Ibn Younus described to us: Zuhair described to us. Abuzzubair described to us from Jabir االله عنه :رضى He said اق تتل غ لاما ن. غ لام م ن الم هاج ر ي ن وغ لا م ياللم هاج ر ين! ونادى الا نصار ي: ياللا نصار! اللم هاج رو ن: أ و الم هاج ر فنادى الا نصا ر. من Two boys fought. One boy was from the Migrants while other was from the 'Ansaar'. (Boys belonged to different groups). The migrant or migrants called, 'O Migrants! Help.' and the Ansaari called, 'O Ansaar! Help.' Helpers (people of Madina who helped the Migrants) I tie it أعق ل ها الا نصار So he called O Migrants! Help (This is call for help) So he came out Call People of Ignorance Period (before Islam) Both of them fought Should I trust (in Allah)? أ توك ل أ ط ل ق ها اعق ل ها توك ل اق تتل غ لام فنادى يال لم هاج ر ين فخرج دعوى أه ل الجاه ل ي ة اقتتلا I release it Tie it! Trust (in Allah)! Fought Boy So he beat on the back الم هاج ر ين فكس ع Migrants (people who migrated from Makkah to Madina with the Prophet) 11

12 Lesson 2: Social Conduct الجاه ل ي ة ' أه ل دعوى هذا 'ما فقال: وسلم عليه االله االله صلى رسول فخرج Then Allah s Prophet came out, he said, 'What is this call of the people of ignorance?' الا خر.' أحد ه ما فكس ع اقتتلا غ لامي ن أ ن إلا ا الله! رسول يا 'لا. قالوا They said, 'O Allah s Prophet! It is nothing except that they two boys fought and one of them beat at other s back.' قال 'فلا با س. ول ين ص ر كان مظل وم ا فل ينص ر ه '. مظل وم ا. أو ظال م ا أخاه الر ج ل (مسلم كتاب الزهد و الرقاي ق 2584) وإن نص ر. له فا ن ه فلين هه ظال م ا كا ن إن He said, 'Then no problem. The man should help his brother while he is an offender or be offended. If he is the offender, then he should forbid him. This is the help for him (to protect him from a sin). And if he is the offended one, he should help him.' Do you know? صلى االله عليه وآله وسلم Most Arabs of the Prophet s time did not use to write. They used to memorize whatever information they had including history, literature etc. They used to describe the trail of entire information from its origin to the person who was describing that information. This information was compiled in form of books mostly in 2 nd and 3 rd century Hijra / 8 th and 9 th century AD. Rule of the Day When the word ابن is written in joining, its Alif is.همزة وصلي deleted because it is a Face the Challenge! مركب إضافي و مركب What is the difference between Identify the difference in their meaning as.توصيفي well as in the form of both. Rule of the Day Neither an ال nor a Tanveen can be added to the.مركب إضافي in a مضاف Offender One of both of them أحد ه ما ظال م ا Offended So he should forbid him Other الا خر س فلا با مظل وم ا فلين هه Then there is no harm, then no problem Help So his should help him He should help لين ص ر أخاه نص ر His brother فل ينص ر ه 12

13 Lesson 2: Social Conduct وحدثني زهير بن حرب. حدثنا جرير. حدثنا أبو كريب. حدثنا أبو معاوية. ح وحدثنا أبو بكر بن أبي شيبة (واللفظ له). حدثنا أبو معاوية ووكيع عن الا عمش عن أبي صالح عن أبي هريرة قال: قال رسول االله صلى االله عليه وسلم Zuhair Ibn Harab described to us: Jarir described to us: Abu Kuraib described to us. Abu Mu awiyah described to us and Abu Bakr Ibn Abi Shiba described to us (words belong to him). Abu Mu awiyah and Wakee described from A mash from Abu Saleh from Abu Hurairah رضى االله عنه, he said that Allah s Prophet said: ن عمة ا الله'. تزدر وا لا أن أج د ر فه و فوقك م. ه و من إلى تنظ ر وا ولا م نك م. أسف ل م ن إلى 'انظ ر وا 'Look at the one who is at a lower grade than you. And don t look at the one who is above you. It is the best thing that you do not disgrace Allah s blessings.' Abu Mu awiyah said, '(It is mandatory) upon you.' أبو قال م عاو ية 'عليكم'. (مسلم كتاب الزهد و الرقاي ق 2963) حدثني محمد بن أبي بكر: حدثنا معتمر عن عبيد االله عن سعيد بن أبي سعيد عن أبي سلمة رض ي االله عنها: بن عبد الرحمن عن عاي شة Muhammad Ibn Abi Bakr described to us: Mu tamir described to us from U baid Allah from Sa eed Ibn : رضى االله عنها Abi Sa eed from Abi Salmah Ibn A bdur Rahman, from A yesha عليه االله النب ي صلى أن في صل ي ب الل ي ل حص ير ا يحتج ر وسلم كان ويبسط ه ب الن ها ر فيجل س علي ه The Prophet صلى االله عليه وسلم used to roll the straw mat at night time and then he used to pray while he used to unroll it at day time and used to sit upon it. Blessing He winds up, he rolls Straw mat (O you all!) Look At a lower grade انظ ر وا أسفل لا تنظ ر وا ن عمة يحتج ر (O you all!) Don t Look حص ير ا He unrolls it فوقك م Above you يبسط ه At day time أج در ب الن هار More appropriate, the most appropriate So sits upon it لا تزدر وا فيجل س عليه Don t look down upon, don t disrespect 13

14 Lesson 2: Social Conduct ب صلات ه في صل و ن وسلم عليه االله النب ي صلى إلى يث وب و ن النا س فجعل فقا ل: فا قب ل حت ىكثر وا So people started gathering with the Prophet and started prayer with his prayer until they became large in numbers. So he approached them and said: يا أي ها الناس خ ذ وا م ن الا عما ل ما ت ط يق ون فا ن االله لا يم ل حتى تم ل وا وإ ن أح ب الا عما ل إلى االله ما دام وإن ق ل). (بخاري كتاب الرقاق 5523) O People! Only adopt the deeds which you are capable to perform. Surely Allah does not become tired while you become tired. The favorite deeds near Allah is the one which is consistent although less. حدثنا أحمد بن يونس: حدثنا زهير: حدثنا منصور عن ربعي بن حراش: حدثنا أبو مسعود قال: قال النبي صلى االله عليه وسلم: Ahmad Ibn Younus described to us: Zuhair described to us: Mansoor described to us from Rib i Ibn Harash: Abu Mas ud رضى االله عنه described to us: He said that the Prophet said: تستح ي لم إذا الا ولى: الن ب و ة كلا م من النا س أدرك م م ا (إن ش ي ت. ما فاصن ع (بخاري كتاب الا دب (5769 Surely, what people have found from the words of earlier prophethood is 'If you are not ashamed (for bad deeds), then do whatever you want.' It continued, it was consistent It became less He perceived, he found They return يث وب ون حت ى كثر وا دام قل أدرك Till They became large in number s of Prophethood Earlier So he put attention, so he approached فا قبل خ ذ وا كلام الن ب و ة Take! (O you all!) Catch! الا ولى You did not become modest You are capable ت ط يق ون لم تستح Then make You wanted لا يم ل He does not become tired تم ل وا أحب فاصنع You became tired ش ي ت The favorite 14

15 أ' Lesson 2: Social Conduct حدثنا قتيبة بن سعيد. حدثنا عبدالعزيز (يعني الدراوردي) عن العلاء عن أبيه عن أبي هريرة قال: قال رسول االله صلى االله عليه وسلم Qutaibah Ibn Sa eed described to us: A bdul A ziz i.e. Darawardi from A la from his father from Abu Hurairah رضى االله عنه, he said that the Prophet said: الم و م ن س ج ن 'الد نيا وجن ة الكاف ر'. (مسلم كتاب الزهد و الرقاي ق 2957) 'The world is a jail for the believer and a paradise for the unbeliever.' حدثنا قتيبة بن سعيد. حدثنا ليث. ح وحدثنا محمد بن رمح. أخبرنا الليث عن يزيد بن حبيب عن عراك بن مالك عن أبي هريرة أنه سم ع رسول ا الله صلى االله عليه وسلم يقو ل: أبي Qutaibah Ibn Sa eed described to us: Lith described to us: Muhammad Ibn Ramh described to us: Lith also informed us from Yazeed Ibn Abi Habeeb from Arak Ibn Malik from Abu Huraira رضى االله عنه that he listen the Prophet saying: الذ ي الوج هي ن. ذ و الن ا س ش ر نإ' يا ت ي هو لا ء ب وجه وهو لاء بوجه'. (مسلم كتاب البر و الصلة 2526) Surely the worst of people is the one having two faces. The one who comes with this face and that face (a hypocrite) حدثنا يحيى بن أيوب وقتيبة وابن حجر. قالوا: هريرة أن رسول االله صلى االله عليه وسلم قال: حدثنا اسماعيل عن العلاء عن أبيه عن أبي تدر و ن ما الغ يبة ' قالوا: االله ورس ول ه أعل م. Yahya Ibn Ayub, Qutaibah and Ibn Hajar described to us, they said: I smael described to us from Al-A la from his father from Abu Hurairah رضى االله عنه that the Allah s Prophet said: 'Do you know what is backbiting?' They said, 'Allah and His Prophet are more knowledgeable.' This Do you know? Jail The worst of people س ج ن شر الن اس هو لاء أ تدر ون Backbiting Person with double personality, dual standards ذ و الوجهين الغ يبة The most knowledgeable, more knowledgeable He comes يا ت ي ب وجه أعلم With a face 15

16 Lesson 2: Social Conduct 'ذ كر ك قال أق ول ما أخ ي ف ي إ نكا ن أفرأيت ق يل: يكره.' ب ما أخا ك He said, 'You talk about your brother in a way that he dislikes.' ما فيه كا ن 'إن قال تق ول ف ق د بهت ه.' فقد فيه يك ن لم وإن اغتبته. (مسلم كتاب البر و الصلة 2589) It was said, 'What is your opinion if my brother has (the weakness) what I am talking?' He said, 'What you are talking, if it is in him, then it is backbiting, if it is not in him, then surely it is a false blame.' حدثنا يحيى بن أيوب وقتيبة وابن حجر. قالوا: حدثنا اسماعيل (وهو ابن جعفر) عن العلاء عن أبيه عن أبي هريرة عن رسول االله صلى االله عليه وسلم قال Yahya Ibn Ayub, Qutaibah and Ibn Hajar described to us, they said: I smael described to us from Al-A la from his father from Abu Hurairah رضى االله عنه that the Allah s Prophet said: 'ما نقص ت صدقة م ن ما ل وما زا د االله عبد ا ب عف و إلا ع ز ا. وما تواض ع أح د الله إلا رفعه االله '. (مسلم كتاب البر و الصلة 2588) 'Charity does not decreases the wealth. Due to forgiving (others), Allah does not increases anything for a slave except respect. A person does not becomes humble for Allah except Allah raises him.' Worth Reading What is backbiting? What is its impact on a society? Read in detail: sh/pe backbiting.htm Face the Challenge! Make a table. Write down different types of.مركبات Describe their components. Give three examples of each from the lessons of B Series. A slave (of Allah) With forgiveness Your description, your remembering ذ كر ك يكره عبد ا He dislikes ب عفو Respect It does not decrease ما نقصت ع ز ا He becomes humble He raises him Charity صدقة زاد تواضع It increased رفعه 16

17 Lesson 3: Makkah, Madina and Prophet s Migration The Result Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test. الم كر مة مك ة The Venerable Makkah مك ة الم كر مة مد ينة قديمة م قد سة ف يها الكع بة الم شر فة ال تي بناها إ ب راه ي م واب ن ه إسماع يل- علي ه ما الس لام - ب ا م ر م ن الل ه - س ب حانه وتعالى-. The Venerable Makkah is an old sacred city. The Honored Ka aba is situated in it which (Prophet) Abraham and his son (Prophet) Ishmael, peace be upon both of them, built with an instruction from Allah, Who is Pure and High. حو ل الكع ب ة ال م شر ف ة مس ج د عظ ي م اسمه 'المس ج د الحرام ' Around the Holy Ka aba, there is a great mosque, its name is 'Masjid-ul-Haraam' (the honored mosque). أمام باب الكعب ة الم شر ف ة مقام إ ب راه ي م- علي ه الس لا م- في الج ه ة الش ر ق ي ة م ن المس ج د الحرا م الص فا والمر وة وزم ز م وه ي ب ي ر م باركة. In front of the door of the Holy Ka aba, there is the standing place of Abraham, peace be upon him. In Eastern direction of the Honored Mosque, Safa, Marwah and Zamzam are situated. It (Zamzam) is a blessed well. Worth Reading How to conduct work for Islamic Da wah? How a Da wah strategy should be developed? The article is in Urdu language. Door He constructed it الم كر مة Honored, venerable بناها باب The place of standing The direction By the instruction Around Any city, with ال 'The City of Prophet.' مد ينة قديمة ب ا م ر حو ل مقام الج هة Old Eastern Mosque Sacred م قد سة مس ج د الش ر ق ي ة Safa, a hill near the Ka aba Honored Holy Ka aba, the Holy House الكع بة الحرام الص فا Marwah, another hill near the Ka aba In front of Honorable الم شر فة أمام المر وة 17

18 Lesson 3: Makkah, Madina and Prophet s Migration حو ل مك ة ا لم كر م ة أر ض واس عة لها ح دو د ت سم ى (الحرم ) حر م الل ه فيها الق تا ل والص ي د. Around the Holy Makkah, there is a vast land that has boundaries. Its name is 'Al-Haram' (the protected area). Allah has forbidden fighting and hunting in this area. يت ج ه الم س ل مو ن إ لى الكع ب ة ال م شر ف ة في صلات ه م ويح ج و ن إ لي هاك ل عا م. Muslims face towards the Holy Ka aba in their prayers and perform its pilgrimage every year. فه ي مه ب ط الوح ي وف يها و ل د الن ب ي- صلى الل ه علي ه وسلم-. نح ن ن ح ب مك ة الم كر مة We love the Holy Makkah because it is the place of coming down of revelation and in it the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, born. The Migration - باله ج رة م ن مكة الم كر م ة إ لى المدين ة الم نو رة ال ه ج رة أمر الل ه - س ب حانه - الن ب ي -صلى االله عليه وسلم Allah, the Exalted, ordered the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, for migration from the Holy Makkah to the Enlightened Madina. Do you know? Arabic is a Semitic language. With the spread of Islam, Arabic literature and grammar had a strong impact on some Indo European languages like Persian. A large number of Arabic words are included in modern-day Urdu and Hindi. They perform the pilgrimage Every year We love The honored and protected area He has made unlawful Zamzam, a well near the Ka aba زم زم ب ي ر م باركة الحرم حر م الق تال يح ج ون ك ل عام ن ح ب Fighting A well Blessed Place of coming down Hunting Vast واس عة الص ي د مه ب ط Revelation The migration He turns his face towards Limits ح دود ت سم ى يت ج ه صلات ه م الوح ي In their prayers اله ج رة It is named 18

19 Lesson 3: Makkah, Madina and Prophet s Migration وفي لي ل ة اله ج رة وق ف الك ف ا ر حو ل من ز ل الر س و ل- صلى االله عليه وسلم - ل يق ت ل وه In the night of migration, the infidels stayed around the house of the Prophet صلى االله عليه وسلم to kill him. وخرج الر س و ل- صلى االله عليه وسلم - علي ه م ول م يره أح د م ن ه م ب ق د رة الل ه The Prophet صلى االله عليه وسلم came out and with the power of Allah, nobody from them saw him. رض ي الل ه عن ه - إ لى المدين ة الم نو رة ووصلا إ ليها سال مين وهاجر- صلى االله عليه وسلم - وصاح ب ه أب و بك ر الص د ي ق- The Prophet صلى االله عليه وسلم and his companion Abu Bakr the Truthful, may Allah be pleased with him, migrated towards the Enlightened Madina and reached there safe and sound. واس تق بله ما الا ن صا ر والمهاج ر و ن ب الفر ح والس ر و ر. The Helpers (Inhabitants of Madina) and the Migrators (Immigrants from Makkah) welcomed both of them with happiness and joy. وم ن ذ د خ و ل الر س و ل- صلى االله عليه وسلم - المدينة الم نو رة آخى بينك ل م هاج ر وأن صار ي صلى االله عليه وسلم When the Prophet Helper brother of each other. entered into the Enlightened Madina, he made each Migrant and Rule of the Day: The Pointing Nouns of واحد مو نث are used with plural nouns for non-intellectual things. For example, هذ ه ك ت ب جديدة (these new books), هذ ه أن عام وحر ث (these cattle and tilth), ل هذ ه الت ماث ي (these idols), هذ ه الا ن ها ر (these rivers) etc. He received both of them Any one Night لي لة أحد اس تق بله ما With happiness Pleasure With the power Enlightened, full of light of guidance م نو رة وقف ب ق د رة هاجر بالفرح He migrated الس ر ور He stayed Since His companion The infidels who rejected the Prophet. الك ف ار صاح ب ه م ن ذ Entering The true man, Abu Bakr.رضى االله عنه Home من ز ل الص د يق د خ ول He made them brothers Both of them joined / reached So that they kill him ل يق ت ل وه وصلا آخى Between Two safe and sound persons لم يره He has not seen سال مين بين 19

20 Lesson 3: Makkah, Madina and Prophet s Migration بنى وأص حاب ه مس ج د ق باء ف ي جن و ب المد ين ة - وه و أو ل مس ج د في الا سلا م He and his companions built a mosque at Quba in south of Madina. It is the first mosque in (the history of) Islam. وث م بنو ا المس ج د الن بو ي ف ي وس ط المدين ة ال م نو رة Then they constructed the Prophetic Mosque in the Middle of the Enlightened Madina. عاش الر س و ل- صلى االله عليه وسلم - عش ر سنوا ت ي بل غ الن ا س الا سلام وي جاه د الك ف ار حتى ان تش ر إ لى ك ل مكا ن في العال م. الا سلام ووصل The Prophet صلى االله عليه وسلم remain alive for 10 years. He preached Islam to the people, struggled against the infidels until Islam spread and reached at each place in the world. Face the Challenge! Identify the parts of a sentence in English. Do you know? It is essential to read the poetry and prose of the time of revelation of the Quran in order to learn the language of that time. Rule of the Day Pointing nouns are used not only for physical distance, it is also used for mental distance. Rule of the Day Arabic Sentences are formed by joining words and phrases. If the major word of the sentence is a noun, it is called a 'Noun Sentence' and if the major word of the sentence is a verb, it is called a 'Verb Sentence.' Face the Challenge! Compare Arabic pointing nouns with those of English. What is the difference? He strives / will preach Prophetic, related to the Prophet الن بو ي ي جاه د He built بنى The infidels who opposed the Prophet Middle His companions أص حاب ه وسط الك ف ار It spread / disseminated He joined Place He remained alive Ten Quba, a village near Madina South ق باء جن وب أو ل عاش عش ر سنوات ان تشر وصل Years مكان First The world He preaches / will preach They built بنو ا ي بل غ العالم 20

21 Lesson 3: Makkah, Madina and Prophet s Migration الش ر ي ف الن بو ي ال مس ج د The Holy Prophetic Mosque بنى الر سو ل صل ى الل ه علي ه وسل م مس ج ده م ن ذ الا ي ا م الا ولى ل د خول ه المد ينة الم نو رة. عليه االله صلى وسلم The Prophet Madina. built his mosque since initial days after his entering at the Enlightened كان ال مس ج د الن بو ي في عه د الر س و ل صل ى الل ه علي ه وسل م صغ يرا وبس يطا في ب ناي ه وق د اش ترى الر سو ل صل ى ا لل ه علي ه وسل م الا رض ال ت ي علي ها المسجد م ن أص حاب ها ب عشرة دنان ير. صلى االله عليه وسلم The Prophetic Mosque was small and simple in its construction at the time of the Prophet. The Prophet صلى االله عليه وسلم bought the land on which the Mosque was constructed from his companions for 10 gold coins. كان المسلمون يج تم ع و ن في مس ج د الرسول صل ى االله علي ه وسل م ويس تم عو ن إلى ما نزل م ن القرآن الكريم ويتلاقو ن ف يه ويتحد ثو ن ع ن أ مو ر د ين ه م ود ن ياه م ويح ض رون حلقا ت العلم. Muslims used to gather in the Mosque of the Prophet صلى االله عليه وسلم and used to listen carefully whatever was revealed from the Venerable Quran. They used to meet each other in it and talk about their religious and worldly affairs. They used to attend the study circles. Note: Look that only one كان added the meaning of 'used to' in the entire sentence. Honored, venerable They meet They talk أمر Affairs, plural of Simple, plain Honorable He built The days Earlier الش ر يف بنى الا ي ام الا ولى بس يطا ب ناي ه اش ترى أص حاب ها الكريم يتلاقو ن يتحد ثون أ مور Its building He bought Its i.e. its owners Their religion Their world They attend حلقة Circles, plural of For 10 dinars (gold coins) For his entering Was Period Small ل د خول ه كان عه د صغ يرا ب عشرة دنان ير يج تم ع ون يس تم عون نزل د ين ه م د ن ياه م يح ض رون حلقات They gather They listen with attention It came down 21

22 لا' Lesson 3: Makkah, Madina and Prophet s Migration فض ل هذا المسجد عظ ي م فه و م ن المساجد الث لاث ة ال ت ي ت ش د إلي ها الر حال قا ل الر سو ل صل ى االله علي ه وسل م: The rank of this mosque is great. So it is from the three mosques towards which saddles are tightened (people travel). The Prophet صلى االله عليه وسلم said: الحرام ت ش د الرحال إلا ل ثلاث ة مساج د: ال مس ج د الا قصى والمس ج د هذا' ومس ج د ي 'Don t travel (to perform prayer) except the three mosques: The Honored Mosque (at Makkah), The Far Mosque (at Jerusalem) and My This Mosque.' He, peace and blessings be upon him, said: وقال عليه الصلاة والسلام: 'صلاة في مسجدي هذا خي ر من أل ف صلاة فيما سواه إلا المسج د الحرام' (متفق عليه) 'Prayer in my this mosque is better than a 1000 prayers at some other place except the Honored Mosque.' (Agreed by Bukhari and Muslim). وف يه الر و ضة الش ر يفة ال ت ي قا ل عن ها الر سو ل صل ى الل ه علي ه وسل م: 'ما بي ن بي تي وم ن بر ي رو ضة م ن ر يا ض الجن ة' There is the Venerable Garden inside it about that The Prophet صلى االله عليه وسلم said, 'Whatever is between my home and my pulpit is a garden from the gardens of paradise.' Worth Reading What is ostentation and what is its impact on the personality of a person? What will be the impact of ostentation on the Deeds Account of a person in the real life i.e. Hereafter? Read in English. Do you know? Arabic is a Semitic language. With the spread of Islam, Arabic literature and grammar had a strong impact on some Indo European languages like Persian. A large number of Arabic words are included in modern-day Urdu and Hindi. My home A Garden My pulpit, on which sermon is delivered One Thousand Favor فض ل الث لاثة ألف سواه متفق عليه بي تي رو ضة م ن بر ي Other than it Agreed upon (by Bukhari and Muslim) Three Saddles are tightened i.e. To be prepared to travel. ت شد الر حال روضة Gardens, plural of The garden The farthest i.e. the Mosque of Jerusalem الا قصى الر و ضة ر ياض The paradise Honored, venerable Better خير الش ر يفة الجن ة 22

23 Lesson 3: Makkah, Madina and Prophet s Migration الق رآن الكر ي م الق ر آن الكر ي م ك تا ب الل ه نز ل ب ه ج ب ر يل الا مي ن- عل يه الس لام على الن ب ي الا م ي صلى االله عليه وسلم The Holy Quran is the book of Allah. ل ي ن ذ ر الن ا س م ن عذاب جهن م وي بش ره م ب نع يم الجن ة وف ي ه أخ با ر الا م م الس اب ق ة وقص ص الا نب ياء وال م ر سلي ن. It was revealed by the Trustworthy Gabriel, peace by upon him, on the Not-formally-educated Prophet So that he warns people from the punishment of Hell and provide them with good news.صلى االله عليه وسلم of the blessings of Paradise. There is information about the previous nations and stories of the Prophets and Messengers in it. قال صل ى الل ه عل ي ه وسل م: 'خي ر ك م م ن تعل م الق ر آ ن وعل مه ' He (The Prophet االله عليه وسلم (صلى said, 'The best of you is the one who learns the Quran and then teaches it.' وقال صل ى الل ه عل ي ه وسل م: 'من قرأ حر فا م ن ك تاب الل ه فله ب ه حسنة والحسنة ب عش ر أمثال ها لا أق و ل (الم) حر ف ولكن أل ف حر ف ولام حر ف وم ي م حر ف' He (The Prophet االله عليه وسلم (صلى said, 'Whoever reads an alphabet from Allah s Book, for him there is a good deed. Each good deed will be rewarded 10 times. I do not say that الم is an alphabet. Alif is one alphabet, laam is another alphabet and Meem is another alphabet.' Note: The word قال includes automatically the meaning of 'he said'. There is no need to bring a separate word for 'he'. He teaches it He read News Gabriel, the angel ج بر يل الا مين أخ بار الا مم عل مه The Nations قرأ The honest and trustworthy An alphabet, a letter, (it is ) نصب in Previous Gentile, not formally educated الا مي الس اب قة حر فا Good deed With 10 مثل Times of it, plural of I do not say ق صة Stories, plural of So that he warns ل ي ن ذ ر الن اس ي بش ره م ب نع يم قصص الم ر سلين خي ر ك م تعل م حسنة ب عش ر أمثال ها لا أق ول The prophets The best of you He learns (as a student) People He gives them good news About the blessings 23

24 Lesson 3: Makkah, Madina and Prophet s Migration الج ن قالت ع ن دما سم ع ت الق رآ ن الكري م: 'إن ا سم ع نا ق ر آنا عجب ا. يه د ى إ لى الر ش د فا من ا ب ه ول ن ن ش ر ك ب رب نا أحدا ' When the Jinn listened the Venerable Quran they said, 'Surely we have listened a wonderful read document which guides towards the right path so we believed in it and we will never associate anyone to our Lord.' Note: Since the Jinn is a group, therefore the verb for مو نث has been used for them because a group is Arabic. in مو نث Muslims is a brother of another Muslim. الم س ل م أخ و الم س ل م طال ب حسن جد ي د يد ر س في الجام ع ة الا س لامي ة وه و م ن اليابان Hassan is a new student. He studies at the Islamic University. He is from Japan. يس ك ن حس ن في سك ن الجامعة في المهج ع الا و ل الد و ر الث اني في الغرف ة العاش رة. Hassan lives in the residential area of the university in the Hostel No. 1, Second Floor and Room No. 10. New He studies The university Wonderful, astonishing He guides Letters at the start of some Surahs ال م حر ف لكن عجبا يه د ى الر ش د جد يد يد ر س Right path الجام عة ) رفع An alphabet (it is in But Japan So we believed in it She said (also used for a group) قالت فا من ا ب ه اليابان He resides Place of residence We will never be polytheist Jinn, Giant, a supernatural creature الج ن سم عت لن ن ش ر ك ب رب نا يس ك ن To our Lord سكن She listened Hostel Storey Anyone Surely we إن ا سم ع نا أحدا أخ و المهجع Brother الد ور We listened Room ق ر آنا طالب Student الغ رفة A read document 24

25 لا' Lesson 3: Makkah, Madina and Prophet s Migration يق ول حس ن : 'يس ك ن مع ي في الغ ر ف ة علي وه و م ن أم ر ي كا وم حم د وه و م ن غانا Hassan says, 'Ali lives with me in the room. He is from America and Muhammad (also lives with me) and he is from Ghana. So our countries are different but thanks God we are brothers in Islam.' فب لاد نا م خ تل فة والحم د ل ل ه نح ن إ خ وة ف ي الا س لا م.' Allah, the exalted, said: 'Surely the believers are only brothers (to each other).' الل ه تعالى: قال 'إ ن ما المو من و ن إ خ وة ' : 'المسلم أخ و الم س ل م' (الحديث) وقال رس و ل الل ه صلى االله عليه وسلم Allah s Apostle صلى االله عليه وسلم said, 'Muslim is a brother of another Muslim.' (A hadith) وقال عليه الص لاة والس لام : ي و م ن أحد كم حتى ي ح ب لا خ ي ه ما ي ح ب ل نف س ه.' He said, 'No one of you can become a believer unless he likes (the same) for his brother whatever he likes for himself.' Note: This lesson is adapted from the Arabic Language Course of the International Islamic University, Madina. Rule of the Day If both the مبتدا و خبر have an ال or both are without,مبتدا is only on the ال If the.مركب توصيفي it, it is a.جملة اسمية then it is a Face the Challenge! Although not defined in this lesson, but try to identify.جملة فعلية the parts of a Until Brothers, plural of أحو Tenth العاش رة إ خ وة حتى He loves, he likes So we are only With me مع ي إ ن ما ي ح ب For his brother The believers غانا Ghana, an African country المو من ون لا خ يه For himself He is not a believer So our countries Different فب لاد نا م خ تل فة لا ي و م ن أحد كم ل نف س ه Anyone of you 25

26 Lesson 4: Spend in Allah s Way The Result Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test. الل ه سب ي ل ف ي أم واله م ي نف ق و ن ال ذ ي ن مثل The parable of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is م اي ة حب ة س ن ب ل ة ف يك ل سناب ل سب ع أن بت ت حب ة كمثل Like the parable of a grain that sprouts into seven fruiting spikes, and each spike has 100 grains. عل ي م واس ع والل ه يشاء ل م ن ف ي ضاع والل ه And Allah increases multiple times for whom He pleases. And Allah has boundless knowledge. الل ه سب ي ل ف ي أم واله م ي نف ق و ن ال ذ ين Those who spend their wealth in Allah s way One Hundred, 100 Grain Example, parable مثل حب ة م اي ة Increasing exponentially Sprouts, produces buds and branches Those who ال ذ ين أن بتت ي ضاع ف For whom Seven ي نف ق ون They spend سب ع ل م ن He pleases Fruiting spikes of a سنبلة plant, plural of أم واله م Their wealth سناب ل يشاء Vast, boundless In each, in all of them ف ي سب يل الل ه In Allah s way ف يك ل واس ع Then A single fruiting spike Like the example of كمث ل س ن ب لة ث م 26

27 Lesson 4: Spend in Allah s Way من ا ولا أنفق وا ما ي ت ب ع و ن لا ث م Then they do not follow what they have spent with reminders of their generosity and do not injure the feeling (of the recipient) For them, their reward is available with their Lord. رب ه م ع ن د أج ر ه م له م أذ ى يح زن و ن ه م ولا علي ه م خو ف ولا And they shall have nothing to fear and nothing to regret. مع ر و ف قو ل ومغ ف رة خي ر أذ ى يت بع ها م ن صدق ة Kind words and forgiveness is better than charity followed by injuring feelings. حل ي م غن ي والل ه And Allah is self-sufficient, forbearing. Than charity, from charity On them ي ت ب ع ون لا Do not follow up م علي ه صدق ة م ن That is followed by They will grieve. What they have spent أنفق وا ما يح زن ون يت بع ها Injuring feelings s, saying Reminding one s generosity من ا قو ل أذ ى Self sufficient, free of all needs Good, kind, wellknown Injuring other s feelings أذ ى مع ر وف غن ي Forbearing مغ ف رة Forgiveness خي ر حل يم Good, better Their reward With their Lord أج ر ه م ع ن د رب ه م 27

28 Lesson 4: Spend in Allah s Way لا آمن وا ال ذ ي ن أي ها يا ت ب ط ل وا صدقات ك م والا ذى ب ال م ن O believers! Do not make your charity worthless by reminders of your generosity and by injury to the recipient's feelings. Like that who spends his wealth to be seen by people, كال ذ ي ي نف ق ماله ر ي اء الن ا س الا خ ر وال يو م ب الل ه ي و م ن ولا And he does not believe in Allah and the Last Day. فمثل ه كمث ل صف وا ن علي ه ت را ب فا صابه واب ل فتركه صل دا So his parable is like that of a hard barren rock having soil on it. A heavy rain falls on it and leaves it a barren stone. م م اكسب وا شي ء على يق د ر و ن لا They will not be able to receive anything which (they feel that) they have earned. Face the Challenge! Identify the Metaphors in this lesson. So leaves it People O believers! يا أي ها ال ذ ي ن آمن وا الن اس فتركه Barren stone Hard barren rock You do not make worthless ت ب ط ل وا لا صف وان صل دا They are able to do On it Your charities, صدقة plural of صدقات ك م عل ي ه يق د ر ون On anything Soil, dust By reminding one s generosity ب ال م ن ت راب شي ء على From that So reaches it ماله His wealth فا صابه ما من م م ا They earned Heavy rain To show, ر ي اء ostentation واب ل كسب وا 28

29 Lesson 4: Spend in Allah s Way ال كاف ر ي ن ال قو م يه د ي والل ه لا And Allah does not guide the unbeliever (or thankless) group of people. مر ضاة اب ت غاء أم واله م ي نف ق و ن ال ذ ي ن ومثل الل ه وتث ب يتا م ن أن ف س ه م And parable of those who spend their wealth to seek the pleasure of Allah and to strengthen (the piety) in their personality, كمثل بص ير تع مل و ن ب ما والل ه فطل واب ل ي ص ب ها ل م فا ن ض ع في ن أ ك لها فا ت ت واب ل أصابها ب رب و ة جن ة Is like the parable of a garden on a high place. When a heavy rain falls on it, its yields up twice, and if no rain falls, even a light moisture is enough for it. And Allah is observing whatever you are doing. أيود أحد ك م أ ن تك و ن له جن ة م ن نخ ي ل وأع نا ب تج ر ي م ن تح ت ها الا ن ها ر له ف يها م نك ل الث مرا ت Would anyone of you likes that he has a garden (full) of date-palm trees and grapevines, and streams flowing underneath, having all kinds of fruits Any one of you Its edible items He does not guide يه د ي لا أ ك لها أحد ك م That there be for him Two times, twice Unbeliever group of people ال قو م ال كاف ر ي ن ض ع في ن له تك و ن أن Date-palm trees So if does not reaches it To get اب ت غاء ي ص بها ل م فا ن نخ يل Grapes That flows Light moisture Pleasure, happiness مر ضاة تث ب يتا فطل ب ما أع ناب With that تج ر ي Strengthening Flowing underneath it أن ف سه م م ن تع مل ون You do م ن تح ت ها From their souls Streams, rivers, نهر plural of ب رب وة بص ير Observer الا ن هار On a high point Fruits, plural of ثمرة فا ت ت يو د أ الثمرات Would one likes? So it yields up, so it brings 29

30 Lesson 4: Spend in Allah s Way And he reaches to old age having children not strong (enough to earn their living) وأصابه ال ك ب ر وله ذ ر ي ة ض عفاء فا صابها إ ع صا ر ف ي ه نا ر فاح ترق ت (At that time) it is caught by a whirlwind, with fire therein, and be burnt up? (So the reward of those who spend their wealth to be seen by the people will be lost in the same manner.) تتفك ر و ن لعل ك م الا يا ت لك م الل ه ي بي ن كذل ك In this way, Allah clarifies these signs to you, so that you may ponder over them. الا ر ض م ن لك م أخ رج نا وم م ا ماكسب ت م طي با ت م ن أنف ق وا آمن وا ال ذ ي ن أي ها يا O believers! Spend the best portion of your earned wealth and whatever We have produced for you from the land. And do not intend to pick out the worst things to give as charity. ال خب ي ث تيم م وا ولا م ن ه ت نف ق و ن Good and pure things earned legitimately Then it burned أصابه Reached him فاح ترقت طي بات You have earned Like that Old age ال ك بر كذل ك كسب ت م From that, from which We brought out Earth He explains, He clarifies ذ ر ي ة Children, offspring ض عفاء فا صابها ي بي ن لك م الا يات م م ا أخ رج نا الا ر ض For you Signs, verses Weak So reached it Make an intention to pick out إ ع صار لعل ك م So that you تيم م وا Windstorm The worst thing, the طيبات opposite of ف ي ه تتفك ر ون ال خب يث You think about, you ponder over In it From it نار أنف ق وا Spend م ن ه Fire 30

31 Lesson 4: Spend in Allah s Way ف ي ه ت غ م ض وا أ ن إ لا ب ا خ ذ ي ه ولس ت م Whereas you yourself will not take it except if you close your eyes about it. حم ي د غن ي الل ه أ ن واع لم وا And bear in mind that undoubtedly, Allah is self-sufficient and praiseworthy. ب ال فح شا ء ويا م ر ك م ال فق ر يع د ك م الش ي طان Satan threatens you with poverty (to not spend your wealth on charity) and prompts you to (spend your wealth to) commit vulgar acts. م ن ه وفض لا مغ ف رة يع د ك م والل ه And Allah promises you for His forgiveness and bounties. عل ي م. واس ع والل ه (البقرة 2: ) And Allah is boundless and He knows everything. Rule of the Day جملة اسمية In order to make a negative, add the word ما before it and change the form of خبر to.نصب Do you know? Each language has five levels: Slang, Intermediate, Standard, Literary and Poetic. Modern Arabic spoken in the Arab world is slang. Most of the books are written in literary and standard languages. Absurd ideas are usually presented in the Poetic language. Poverty Know You are not, you لس ت م would not اع لم وا ال فق ر He orders you Praiseworthy, Admirable ب ا خ ذ ي ه With taking it حم يد يا م ر ك م For unseemly, for vulgar acts He promises you, he warns you Except إ لا يع د ك م ب ال فح شا ء That keeping your eyes closed ت غ م ض وا أن 31

32 لا' Lesson 5: Manners and Etiquettes The Result Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test. رض ي عن جاب ر ب الش مال قا ل: عن ه الل ه.'(مسلم كتاب الا شربة 2019) وسل م: علي ه الل ه صل ى الل ه رس و ل قال يا ك ل الش ي طا ن فا ن ب الش ما ل تا ك ل وا (Narrated) by Jabir, he said that Allah s Apostle said, 'Don t eat with your left hand. Surely the Satan eats with the left hand.' رض ي الل ه عن ه قا ل: قال رس و ل الل ه صل ى الل ه علي ه وسل م: 'المو م ن ال قو ي خي ر وأح ب إ لى الل ه م ن المو م ن عن أبي ه ري رة الض ع يف.'(مسلم كتاب القدر 2664) (Narrated) by Abu Hurairah, he said that Allah s Apostle said, 'A believer with a strong body is better and more liked by Allah as compared to a believer with a weak body.' رض ي الل ه عن ه قا ل: قال رس و ل الل ه صل ى االله علي ه وسل م: 'ي سل م الص غ ي ر على ال كب ير والما ر على القاع د عن أبي ه ري رة وال قل يل على الكث ي ر.'(بخاري كتاب الاستي ذان 5877) (Narrated) by Abu Hurairah, he said that Allah s Apostle said, 'A younger one should salute the elder one, walker should (salute) the one who is sitting and a small group should (salute) the larger group.' النب ي صلى االله عليه وسلم أ ن تجص ص الق ب ور وأن يكت ب عليها وأن يبن ى عليها وأن ت و طا. قال أبو عن جابر قال نهى عيسى هذا حديث حسن صحيح. (ترمذي كتاب الجناي ز 1052) (Narrated) by Jabir, he said that Allah s Apostle forbade plastering the graves, writing upon them, constructing a building above them and passing over them by putting foot. Abu A isa Tirmidhi said that this Hadith is middle-to-high level of authenticity.? ج ملة اسمية on the form and meaning of a أن or إن Face the Challenge! What is the impact of words To plaster To write Graves Small, little, younger Don t eat لا تا ك ل وا بالش مال ال قو ي الص غ ير ال كب ير المار أن تجص ص أن يكت ب الق ب ور Big, elder Walker, one passing by With left hand Powerful, healthy To build Sitter, the person sitting Better خي ر القاع د أن يبن ى To pass by putting a foot Less Favorite, more or the most liked أحب ال قل يل أن ت وطا More He salutes / will salute ي سل م الكث ير 32

33 لا' لا' ي'أ Lesson 5: Manners and Etiquettes عن عب د الل ه بن مس ع و د رضي الل ه عنه قال سا ل ت رس ول الل ه صل ى الل ه علي ه وسل م: ال عم ل أح ب إلى الل ه ' قال : ' الص لاة على وق ت ها'. ق ل ت : 'ث م أ ي' قال: 'ب ر ال وال دي ن' ق ل ت : 'ث م أ ي' قال: 'الج هاد في سب ي ل الل ه'(مسلم كتاب الايمان 139) (Narrated) by Abdullah Ibn Mas ud, he said that I asked Allah s Apostle, 'Which deed is liked most by Allah?' He said, 'Performing prayer at its time.' I said, 'Then which one?' He replied, 'Being generous to the parents.' I asked, 'Then what?' He said, 'Striving in Allah s way.' عن اب ن ع م ر رضي الل ه عن ه ما قال: قال رسو ل الل ه صلى االله عليه وسلم: له ن.'(أبو داؤد كتاب الصلوة 567) تم نعوا ن ساءك م المساج د وب ي وت ه ن خي ر (Narrated) by I bn U mar, he said that Allah s Apostle said, 'Don t forbid your women (from coming at) mosques although their homes are better for them. عاي شة عن رض ي االله عن ها عن الن ب ي صل ى االله علي ه وسل م قال: 'ك ل شرا ب أس ك ر فه و حرام.'(بخاري كتاب الطهارة 139) (Narrated) by Ayesha, she described that Allah s Apostle said, 'Each drink that intoxicates is forbidden.' رض ي الل ه عن ه ع ن الن ب ي صل ى الل ه علي ه وسل م قال: عن أن س والن اس أج معي ن.' (بخاري كتاب الا يمان 15) حت ى أحد ك م ي و م ن وولد ه وال د ه م ن إ لي ه أح ب أكو ن (Narrated) by Anas, he said that Allah s Apostle said, 'Nobody from you can become a believer unless I become beloved for him more than his parents, children and all people.' He does not believe I become His father His child All of them Don t forbid Your women Mosques Their homes Any drinkable thing It intoxicates Forbidden, protected Which Deed, action, practice Its time Generosity Parents Striving Way أي ال عمل وق ت ها ب ر ال وال دي ن الج هاد سب يل لا تم نعوا ن ساءك م المساج د ب ي وت ه ن شراب أس كر حرام لا ي و م ن أكون وال د ه ولد ه أج معين 33

34 Lesson 5: Manners and Etiquettes رض ي الل ه عن ه ما وع ن ده الا ق رع ب ن عن أ بي ه ري رة رض ي الل ه عن ه قا ل: قب ل الن ب ي صل ى الل ه علي ه وسل م الحس ن ب ن عل ى حاب س الت م يم ي جال سا. فقال : 'إن لي عشرة م ن ال ول د ما قب ل ت م ن ه م أحدا.' فنظر إلي ه رس ول الل ه صلى االله عليه وسلم فقال : 'من لا ير ح م لا ي ر ح م.'(بخاري كتاب الا دب 5651) (Narrated) by Abu Hurairah, he said, 'The Prophet kissed Hassan Ibn A li while Al-Aqra Ibn Habis Al- Timi was sitting with him.' He said, 'I have 10 children, I never kissed any of them.' The Prophet of Allah looked at him and said, 'One who is not merciful will not receive mercy (of God).' قال البراء ب ن عاز ب رضي االله عنهما: 'أمرنا النب ي صلى االله عليه وسلم ب سب ع ونهانا عن سب ع: أمرنا ب عيادة ال مر يض وات باع ال جنازة وتشم ي ت العاط س وإبرا ر القس م ونص ر ال مظل وم وإفشا ء الس لام وإجاب ة الد اع ي ونهانا عن خوات م الذ هب وعن آن ي ة الف ض ة وعن ال مياث ر والقسي ة والا ستب رق والد يبا ج.' (بخاري كتاب النكاح 4880) Narrated by Bara Ibn A azib, 'The Prophet commanded us for seven and forbade us from seven: He ordered us for (1) Visiting patients; (2) Going with funerals; (3) Saying يرحمك االله for a sneezing person; (4) Fulfilling oaths; (5) Helping the offended person; (6) Spreading salutation; and (7) Accepting (the invitation) of an inviter. He forbade us from golden rings; silver utensils; silky cushions and different kinds of silky cloths. (All these items were extremely expensive at the Prophet s time.) Spreading Accepting For visiting (a patient) He kissed قب ل جال سا ب عيادة ال مر يض إفشاء The patient إجابة Sitting The inviter Following I kissed قب ل ت ات باع الد اع ي Golden rings Funeral So he looked فنظر ال جنازة الذ ه ب خوات م Silver utensils Saying يرحمك االله when someone sneezes He does not be لا ير حم merciful تشم يت آن ية الف ض ة Silky cushions لا ي ر حم العاط س The sneezing person ال مياث ر He does not receive mercy A type of cloth fabricated by silk أمرنا إبرار Fulfilling القسي ة He ordered us A heavy cloth fabricated by silk ب سب ع القسم The oath الا ستب رق For seven A type of cloth fabricated by silk نهانا نصر Help الد يباج He forbade us 34

35 Lesson 5: Manners and Etiquettes عن أن س رض ي الل ه عن ه ع ن الن ب ي صل ى االله علي ه وسل م قال: 'يت بع المي ت ثلاثة : أه ل ه ومال ه وعمل ه. فير ج ع اث نان ويب قى واح د : ير ج ع أه ل ه ومال ه ويب قى عمل ه.'(مسلم كتاب الزهد و الرقاي ق 2960) Narrated by Anas that the Prophet said, 'Three thing follow the died. His family, his wealth and his deeds. So two (of them) return and one remains (there). His family and his wealth return while his deeds remain (there with him). عن أن س رضي االله عنه قال: قال رسو ل ا الله صلى االله عليه وسلم: 'ا نص ر أخاك ظال م ا أو مظل وم ا.' قالوا: 'يا رسول االله! هذا نن ص ر ه مظلوم ا فكي ف ننص ر ه ظال م ا ' قال: 'تا خ ذ فو ق يدي ه.' (بخاري كتاب المظالم 2312) (Narrated) by Anas, he said that Allah s Apostle said, 'Help your brother whether he is an offender or being offended.' They said, 'O Allah s Prophet! We will help the offended one by how can we help the offender?' He replied, 'By catching his both hands from top.' عن جاب ر ب ن عبد ا الله قال: مر ت جنازة. فقام لها رسو ل االله صلى االله عليه وسلم. وق منا معه. فق لنا: 'يا رسول االله! إن ها يه ود ي ة.' فقال: 'إن ال مو ت فزع. فا ذا رأيت م ال جنازة فق وم وا.' (مسلم كتاب الجناي ز 960) (Narrated) by Jabir Ibn A bdullah, he said that a funeral passed, Allah s Apostle stood up for it and we also stoop up with him. So we said, 'O Allah s Prophet! Surely he was a Jew.' He replied, 'Verily the death is a terror. Whenever you see a funeral, stand up.' Worth Reading In the Land of the Quran and the Bible. At travel story to the sites related to God s prophets. The writing is in Urdu. So he stood up يت بع ظال م ا Offender فقام He follows / will follow We stood up with him ال مي ت مظل وم ا Be offended ق منا معه Dead body Jew ثلاثة نن ص ر ه We help him يه ود ي ة Three The death أه ل ه فكيف So how ال موت His family Fear, terror فير ج ع تا خ ذ فزع You catch / will catch, you take / will take So he returns / will return You see اث نان فوق Above رأيت م Two So stand up يب قى يديه His both hands فق وم وا He remains / will remain It passed ا نص ر Help! مر ت 35

36 Lesson 5: Manners and Etiquettes عن أبي ه ريرة رضي االله عنه: نفسه ع ن د ال غض ب.' أن ليس الش د ي د ب الص رعة إن ما الش دي د ال ذ ي يمل ك رسول االله صلى االله عليه وسلم قال: ' (بخاري كتاب الا دب 5763) (Narrated) by Abu Hurairah that Allah s Apostle said, 'One cannot become strong by wrestling. Surely the strong is the one who controls himself in the state of anger. ب الش هوات هريرة: أبي عن كتاب الرقاق 6122) الن ا ر 'حجبت قال: وسلم عليه االله االله صلى رسول أن وحجب ت ال جن ة بال مكارة.' (بخاري (Narrated) by Abu Hurairah that Allah s Apostle said, 'The Hellfire is wrapped by desires while the Paradise is wrapped by difficulties. عن تم ي م الد ار ي أ ن النب ي صلى االله عليه وسلم قال: 'الد ين الن ص يحة ' قلنا: 'ل من ' قال 'الله ولكتاب ه ول رس ول ه ولا ي م ة ال م سل م ين وعامات ه م.' (مسلم كتاب الا يمان 95) (Narrated) by Tamim Al-Dari that Allah s Apostle said, 'The religion is (the name of) well-wishing.' We said, 'For whom?' He replied, 'For Allah, for His Book, for His Prophet, for the leaders of Muslims and their public.' Worth Reading What is the difference between Monotheism and Polytheism? Why the Polytheism not acceptable in front of God? How to avoid polytheism in our prayers? Rule of the Day The word ليس converts a ج ملة اسمية into negative meaning. The religion Well wishing He controls himself Intense anger, rage يمل ك نفسه ال غضب الد ين الن ص يحة Not Hard ليس الش د يد For whom? إمام Leaders, plural of It is wrapped By desires The art of wrestling الص رعة إن ما حجبت ب الش هوات ل من أي م ة Surely only Their ordinary people By troubles ب ال مكارة عاماه م 36

37 Lesson 5: Manners and Etiquettes الله] تملا ال م يزا ن. عن أب ي مال ك الا شعر ي قال: قال رسول االله صلى االله عليه وسلم 'الط ه ور شط ر الا ي ما ن. و [ال حمد و [س بحان ا الله والحمد الله] تملا ن ) أو تملا ) ما بي ن الس ماوا ت والا ر ض. والص لاة ن و ر. والص دقة ب رها ن. والص بر ض ياء. وال ق رآن ح ج ة ل ك أو علي ك.ك ل الن ا س يغد و. فباي ع نفسه. فم عت ق ها أو م وب ق ها.' (مسلم كتاب الطهارة 223) (Narrated) by Abu Malik Al-Ash ari that Allah s Apostle said, 'Cleanliness is half of faith. الحمد الله fills the balance and سبحان االله و الحمد الله both of them fill the space between the heavens and the earth. And the prayer is a light, the charity is an evidence (of being generous), the patience is a light, the Quran is an evidence for or against you (whether you follow it or not). All people start their morning and sell themselves. Then they are either freeing themselves (from the Hellfire) or putting themselves into danger. عن جاب ر ب ن عبد االله أ ن رسول االله صلى االله عليه وسلم قال 'ات ق وا الظ ل م. فا ن الظ ل م ظ ل ما ت يوم ال ق يام ة. وات ق وا الش ح فا ن الش ح أهل ك منكان قبلك م حمله م على أ ن سفك و ا د ماءه م واس تحل وا محار مه م.' (مسلم كتاب البر و الصلة 2578) (Narrated) by Jabir Ibn A bdullah that Allah s Apostle said, 'Beware of offence. Surely the offence will become darkness on the Day of Judgment. Beware of miserliness (greediness). Surely the misery killed people who were before you. It overwhelmed them (and the result was) that they shed their blood and make the forbidden women lawful for them. Worth Reading Why people have two faces? What is the impact of dual personality on the reputation? Read the details in: It killed Who were Before you Light Evidence, proof He starts the morning Cleanliness, purity الط ه ور شطر تملا ض ياء ح ج ة يغد و أهلك من كان قبل ك م Half It fills / will fill It overwhelmed them Buyer ال م يزان The balance باي ع حمله م That they shed One who manumits it Both of them fill / will fill تملا ن م عت ق ها أن سفك و ا Their blood One who puts it in danger Light ن ور م وب ق ها د ماءه م The try to make lawful Be careful! الص دقة Charity ات ق وا اس تحل وا ب رهان ظ ل مات Their forbidden women, ظلمة Darkness, plural of Evidence, proof plural of.محرم Women محار مه م with whom marriage is Patience, being not allowed Miserliness الش ح الص بر steadfast 37

38 Lesson 5: Manners and Etiquettes عن اب ن عبا س رضي االله عنهما قال: (بخاري كتاب الهبة 2449) قال النب ي صلى االله عليه وسلم: 'العاي د ف ي ه بت ه كالكلب يق يء ث م يع و د ف ي قيي ه.' (Narrated) by I bn A bbas, he said that Allah s Apostle said, 'A person who gets back his gift is like a dog which vomits and then eat its vomit back.' ليس الغ نى عن كثرة العرض ولك ن الغ نى غ نى الن ف س.' عن أب ي ه ريرة عن النب ي صلى االله عليه وسلم قال: '( كتاب الرقاق 6081) (بخاري (Narrated) by Abu Hurairah that Allah s Apostle said, '(A person) does not (become) rich due to abundance of wealth. But the rich is the one who is rich by heart.' Do you know? In addition to Pre-Islamic Arab poets, their speakers also had a great status in the society. They were the spokespersons of their tribes. At occasions of conflict, they used to represent their tribes with the help of their speaking power. They were called شهيد of their tribe. Do you know? In Pre-Islamic Arabia, a lot of festivals were conducted before and after the Pilgrimage to Makkah. These festivals included a huge trade and commerce activity. In addition to that, these festivals were the meeting point of Arab poets and speakers to demonstrate their capabilities. Abundance Wealth Not He returns ليس يع ود العاي د One who returns ه بت ه كثرة العرض His gift Free of, rich Like a dog Rich He vomits / will vomit يق يء قيي ه كالكل ب الغن ى غ نى His vomit 38

39 Lesson 6: Dialogues The Result Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test. الص و م ال م در س الس لام علي ك م ورح مة االله وبركات ه. الط لا ب وعليك م السلام ورح مة االله وبركات ه And the peace, Allah s blessings and His benedictions may also be upon you. Students Peace be upon all of you and Allah s blessings and His benedictions Teacher ال م در س ا ق تر ب شه ر رمضا ن المبارك... ودر س نا اليو م ع ن الص و م. The month of Ramadan, the blessed, is coming near.. And today, our lesson is about fasting. Teacher ب لال ماذا قا ل الل ه في الق ر آ ن الص و م تعالى ال م در س ع ن قال الل ه تعالى: يا أي ها ال ذي ن آمن وا ك ت ب علي ك م الص يا م كما ك ت ب على الذي ن م ن قب ل ك م لعل ك م تت ق و ن. Allah, the Exalted said, 'O Believers! Fasting is enjoined on you like it was enjoined on those who were before you so that you become God-fearing.' Teacher What Allah, the Exalted has said about fasting in the Qur an? Bilal حام د وماذا جاء في الس ن ة الن بوي ة عن الص وم ال م در س ب ن ي الا س لام على قال النبي صل ى الل ه علي ه وسل م: ' أن لا إله إلا الل ه وأ ن م حم دا عب د ه ورس ول ه وإ قا م الزكاة وح ج البي ت وصو م رمضان. خم س: شهادة الص لاة وإيتا ء The Prophet said, 'Islam is based on five things: (1) Testifying that there is no god except Allah and Muhammad is His slave and His prophet. (2) Establishing prayer. (3) Paying obligatory charity. (4) Performing pilgrimage of the House (of Allah), and (5) Fasting during Ramadan. Teacher What came in the Prophetic tradition about fasting? Hamid صوم Fasting, plural of It came Established practice Related to Prophet 9 th month The teacher ال م در س الط لا ب ا ق ترب شه ر رمضان در س نا الص و م ك ت ب الص يام جاء الس ن ة الن بوي ة Our lesson Fasting It was made obligatory طالب sing. Students, It came near Month 39

40 Lesson 6: Dialogues أح مد أ يص وم ال مري ض يا أ ستاذ ال م در س ب الص وم على ال مريض ولا على ال م ساف ر. قال لا يج الل ه تعالى: فمن كا ن م ن ك م مر يضا أ و على سف ر فع د ة م ن أي ا م أ خ ر. Fasting is neither obligatory on the sick nor on the traveler. Allah, the Exalted said, 'So whoever of you is sick or traveling, he should count (fasting) in other days.' Teacher O teacher, should a sick person fast? Ahmad حام د ما مع نى أخر قو ل ه تعالى أي ا م فع د ة م ن ال م در س إذا أف طر ال مري ض أر بعة أي ا م مثلا - ف ي رمضا ن يص وم أر بعة أي ا م ف ي غي ر رمضا ن. وكذل ك الم ساف ر. If, for instance, a sick person has left fasting for four days during Ramadan, he should fast for four days in (the months) other than Ramadan. Similar is for the traveler. Teacher What is the meaning of His saying 'he should count (fasting) in other days.' Hamid ب لال ألا يج و ز ل ل م ساف ر أ ن يص وم ال م در س بلى يج و ز له الص و م والف ط ر. Yes, it is allowed for him to fast or leave fasting. Teacher Is it not allowed for the traveler to fast? Bilal Rule of the Day In Arabic, a group of people is usually considered feminine although the individual members of that group are masculine. Face the Challenge! What is the significance of used? in Arabic? Why they are اسم ال موصول Do you know? Topics of Pre-Islamic Arab poetry and speech were limited. They used to talk about the objects around them e.g. camel, desert etc. In addition to that, inter-tribe wars were a major topic of their poetry and prose. Describing the attributes of their tribe was a favorite topic for Arab poets. For example Other Yes, but It is allowed Not fasting Traveler Travel Counting Other He did not fast الم ساف ر سفر ع د ة أخر أف طر مثلا غي ر بلى يج وز ال فطر It is built He fasts Sick Teacher It is not obligatory ب ن ي يص وم ال مريض أ ستاذ لا يج ب 40

41 Lesson 6: Dialogues الس فر أح مد علي ك م الس لام ورح مة االله وبركات ه. بلال وعلي ك م السلام ورح مة االله وبركات ه. And the peace, Allah s blessings and His benedictions may also upon you. Bilal Peace be upon you and Allah s blessings and His benedictions Ahmad أح مد سم ع ت أن ك م ساف ر أصحي ح هذا بلا ل نع م. أنا م ساف ر يو م الس ب ت إ ن شاء الل ه. Yes, I am going to travel on Saturday, if Allah wills. Bilal I have heard that you are going to travel. Is it right? Ahmad أح مد إ لى أي ن ت ساف ر بلا ل إ لى باكستا ن To Pakistan. Bilal To where are you traveling? Ahmad أح مد أحجز ت بلا ل نعم حجز ت واش تر ي ت الت ذ كرة Yes, I have reserved and I have bought the ticket. Bilal Have you reserved ( a flight)? Ahmad أح مد أخذ ت تا ش ي رة ال خ ر و ج والعو دة بلا ل نعم وكذل ك تا ش يرة الد خ و ل ل باكس تا ن Yes, similarly (I have taken) the visa to enter Pakistan. Bilal Have to taken the visa to go out and return? Ahmad أح مد متى مو ع د الر ح لة بلا ل ت ق ل ع الط اي رة الل ه تعالى شاء إن ظه را الواح دة الس اعة The airplane will take off at 1 o clock afternoon, if Allah, the Exalted wills. Bilal What is the time of departure? Ahmad You took Visa Return Entering Promised time You travel You reserved I reserved I bought Ticket ت ساف ر حجز ت حجز ت اش تر يت الت ذ كرة أخذ ت تا شيرة العو دة الد خ ول مو ع د I heard Right Yes Saturday He wills سم ع ت صحيح نعم الس بت شاء 41

42 Lesson 6: Dialogues أح مد رافقت ك الس لامة في الح ل والترحا ل. بلال جزاك الل ه خيرا Allah may give you better reward. Bilal Peace might be your companion in all of your actions. Ahmad الط ق س حسن الط ق س هذا اليوم! ما أج م ل م حم د هذا فص ل الر بي ع يا صديقي ان ظ ر إلى الخ ض رة والا زها ر في ك ل مكان This is spring seasons, my friend, look at the greenery and flowers everywhere. Muhammad What a beautiful weather today! Hassan حسن لقد خر ج الن ا س وه م فر ح و ن ل ين ظ ر وا إ لى هذه الز هو ر ال م تفت حة ول يج لس وا تح ت ت ل ك الا ش جا ر ال خض را ء م حم د لي ت الر بي ع يدوم I wish that the spring remains forever. Muhammad People have come out, they are happy to see these full blown flowers and to sit under these green trees. Hassan Place He rewarded you Travel الر ح لة جزاك مكان They became happy So that they see زهرة Flowers, plural of Full blown More or the most beautiful It takes off ت ق لع الط اي رة أج مل فر ح ون ل ين ظ ر وا الز هور ال م تفت حة Weather Season Spring الط ق س فص ل Airplane Hour Afternoon الس اعة ظه را الر بيع So that they sit My friend رافقتك It accompanies you صديقي ل يج لس وا شجر Trees, plural of Look الس لامة Peace, safety ان ظ ر الا ش جار I hope It remains forever Greenery In all of your actions (in travel and while staying) ال حل و الترحال ال خ ض رة الا زهار لي ت زهرة Flowers, plural of يدوم 42

43 Lesson 6: Dialogues حسن إ ن ف ي اخ ت لا ف الف صو ل رح مة فف ي الش تا ء بر د وفي ال خريف مط ر وفي الص ي ف ح ر وفي ك ل فصل فاك هة وخض روات م خ تل فة م حم د س ب حان الل ه ال ذ ي ك ل هذا ال جما ل! خل ق Allah is Exalted Who has created all this beauty. Muhammad O my sons, we are now at the valley of Badr. Surely there is (Allah s) mercy in change of weather. During winter, it is cold, In autumn, there is rain and in summer, it is hot. In each season, there are different fruits and vegetables. Hassan ر ح لة إلى واد ي بد ر ال م در س يا أب ناي ي نح ن الا ن في وادي بد ر Teacher خال د ك م المسافة بي ن المدين ة الم نو رة وبد ر ال م در س المسافة ثلاثة وخمس و ن وماي ة ك يلوم ت ر The distance is 153 kilometers. Teacher What is the distance between the Enlightened Madina and Badr? Khalid صال ح أه ناكان ت المع ركة ال م در س نعم ه نا كان ت أو ل مع رك ة بي ن الم س لمي ن والك ف ار Yes, here was the first battle between the Muslims and the infidels. Teacher Was here the battle (took place)? Saleh Valley Summer Difference اخ ت لاف الص ي ف واد ي Now Hot الف صول فصل Seasons, plural of ح ر الا ن Distance Battle Here Fruits Vegetables Different Winter Cold Autumn الش تاء بر د ال خريف فاك هة خض روات م خ تل فة المسافة المع ركة ه نا Was مطر الجمال Beauty كانت Rain 43

44 Lesson 6: Dialogues ع مر وه ناكا ن أو ل نص ر لل م س لمي ن على الك ف ا ر إ ن صال ح م ن مع ركة بد ر مع رك ة! أع ظمها ما حق ا عظيمة. مع ركة Surely, the battle of Badr was a great battle. It is true that no battle was greater than it. Teacher Here was the first help (of God) for the Muslims against the infidels. Teacher ال م در س عل م الم س لم و ن في المدين ة الم نو رة أ ن قافلة لق ري ش راج عة م ن الش ا م. The Muslims knew at the Enlightened Madina that the caravan of Quraish was returning from Syria. Teacher فا مره م الر سو ل صل ى الل ه علي ه وسل م ب ا ن يتعر ض وا لها لعل ه م يس تعيدون بع ض ما أخذه الكفار م ن ه م في مك ة. ولم ا سم ع ت القاف لة. قاي د القاف ل ة ب ذل ك سار في طري ق آخ ر ونج So the Prophet ordered to face it in order to recover whatever the infidels (of Makkah) have taken from them at Makkah. When the leader of the caravan heard that, he traveled to another way and the caravan escaped. عل مت ق ري ش ب ال خب ر فخرج وا م ن مك ة م س ر عي ن ل ق تا ل الم س ل مي ن. و في اليو م الس اب ع عش ر م ن شه ر رمضا ن ل لس نة الث ان ي ة م ن ال ه ج رة ال تقى ال جي شا ن في وادي بد ر. When Quraish got this information, they came out of Makkah and moved quickly to fight with the Muslims. On the 17 th Ramadan 2H (calendar starting from the Prophet s migration), the two armies faced each other at the valley of Badr. ونصر الل ه ع باده الم و م ني ن نص را عظيما م ع ق ل ة عدد ه م وأر س ل الملاي كة ت قاتل معه م. And Allah sent a great help for His believer slaves, although their number was small. He sent angels to fight along with them. Quickly moving Fighting Year He met Two armies They recover He caught him Leader He traveled Way Help He made it big Caravan The tribe of Prophet Returning نص ر أع ظمها قافلة ق ري ش راج عة يس تعيدون أخذه قاي د سار طريق م س ر عين ق تال الس نة ال تقى ال جي شان He escaped يتعر ض وا They exposed نجت 44

45 Lesson 7: Conduct of Ummat-e-Muslimah The Result Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test. ولا ت قات ه ح ق الل ه ات ق وا آمن وا ال ذ ي ن أي ها يا تم وت ن إ لا وأن ت م م س ل م و ن. O believers! Be fearful to Allah in the way you should be fearful to Him. Do die except in the state of being a Muslim (one who has submitted himself to Allah.) Firmly hold Allah s rope collectively and don t divide yourself into sects. ب حب ل واع تص م وا الل ه جم يعا ولا تفر ق وا. واذ ك ر وا ن ع مة الل ه علي ك م إ ذ ك ن ت م أع داء فا ل ف بي ن ق ل وب ك م فا ص بح ت م ب ن ع مت ه إ خ وانا. Remember Allah s blessing upon you when you were enemies (of each other). Then He developed love in your hearts, so you became brothers due to His blessing. فا ن قذك م الن ا ر م ن ح ف رة شفا على وك ن ت م م ن ها.كذل ك ي بي ن الل ه لك م آيات ه لعل ك م ته تد و ن. You were on the threshold of a big hole full of fire, so He protected you from it. In the same way, Allah clarifies His signs for you, so that you are rightly guided. Rule of the Day: Masculine numbers are used with feminine nouns while feminine numbers are used with masculine nouns. Brothers Remember Be fearful to ات ق وا الل ه Allah اذ ك ر وا إ خ وانا Threshold of a big hole So He rescued you He clarifies So that Allah s blessings The best way for being God-fearing حق ت قات ه لا تم وت ن اع تص م وا ب حب ل الل ه ن ع مة الل ه ك ن ت م أع داء فا ل ف شفا ح ف رة فا ن ق ذك م ي بي ن لعل ك م You were Enemies So He developed love Don t die Hold firmly Allah s rope i.e. Islam, You are rightly guided جم يعا فا ص بح ت م So you became ته تد ون Collectively With His blessings لا تفر ق وا ب ن ع مت ه Don t be divided into sects 45

46 Lesson 7: Conduct of Ummat-e-Muslimah ول تك ن م ن ك م ال م ف ل ح ون. ويا م ر و ن ال خي ر إ لى يد ع و ن أ م ة ب ال مع ر و ف ه م وأ و لي ك ال م ن ك ر ع ن وين هو ن There should a group among you, calling towards piety, advising for the right and forbidding from evil practices. They are ones who are successful. ولا تك ون واكال ذ ي ن تفر ق وا واخ تلف وا م ن بع د ما جاءه م ال بي نا ت وأ و لي ك له م عذا ب عظ ي م. Don t be like those who divided themselves into sects, and fall into disputes after clear signs came to them. For them, there is a great punishment. يو م تب ي ض و ج وه وتس و د و ج وه فا م ا ال ذ ي ن اس ود ت و ج وه ه م أكفر ت م بع د إ يمان ك م فذ وق وا ال عذا ب ب ماك ن ت م تك ف ر و ن. On the day when some faces will turn white and some will turn black. To those whose faces turned black, (it will be said:) 'Did you denied after having your faith? So taste the punishment because you used to deny.' خال د و ن. ف يها ه م الل ه رح م ة فف ي و ج وه ه م اب يض ت ال ذ ي ن وأم ا And those whose faces will turn white, they will be in (the light of) Allah s mercy. They will remain in it forever. It turns / will turn white ل تك ن ال م ف ل ح ون تب يض The successful There should be It turned black أ م ة لا تك ون وا Don t be اس ود ت A group So taste يد ع ون تفر ق وا فذ وق وا They divided into sects They call / they will call For what, because يا م ر ون اخ تلف وا They disagreed ب ما They instruct or suggest or request You used to deny ال مع ر وف ال بي نات The clear signs ك ن ت م تك ف ر ون For the known right practices It turned white ين هو ن تس ود اب يض ت It turns / will turn black They forbid / they will forbid Living forever ال م ن كر خال د ون The evil practices 46

47 Lesson 7: Conduct of Ummat-e-Muslimah ي ر ي د الل ه وما ب ال ح ق علي ك نت ل وها الل ه آيا ت ت ل ك ظ ل ما ل ل عالم ي ن These are Allah s signs that We are reciting upon you in truth. Allah does not intend for any injustice to (the people) of all worlds. عمران 3: ) لا( الا م و ر. ت ر ج ع الل ه وإ لى الا ر ض ف ي وما الس موا ت ف ي ما ول ل ه Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, is for Allah. All matters are referred back to Him. الا ل با ب لا ول ي لا يا ت والن ها ر الل ي ل واخ ت لا ف والا ر ض الس موا ت خل ق ف ي إ ن Surely, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference of day and night, there are signs for the people of Wisdom. الل ه يذ ك ر و ن ال ذ ين ق ياما وق ع ودا وعلى والا ر ض الس موا ت خل ق ف ي ويتفك ر و ن ج ن وب ه م Those who remember Allah while standing, sitting and laying on their sides and ponder into the creation of the heavens and the earth (and think:) هذا خلق ت ما رب نا باط لا س ب حان ك الن ا ر عذا ب فق نا O our Lord! You have not created this useless. You are Exalted. So please protect us from the punishment of Hellfire. They think, they ponder The day نت ل وها We recite it الن هار يتفك ر ون You created Void For the people of wisdom ي ر يد He intends ل ل عالم ي ن لا ول ي الا ل باب يذ ك ر ون خلق ت They remember باط لا For the worlds You are exalted / glorified So protect us Standing It is returned, it is ت ر جع referred back اخ ت لاف ق ياما ق ع ودا س ب حانك نا ق ف قنا ف Sitting Disagreement, difference Lying on their sides الل ي ل The night على ج ن وب ه م 47

48 Lesson 7: Conduct of Ummat-e-Muslimah ت د خ م ن إ ن ك رب نا ل الن ار فق د أخ زي ته وما ل لظ ال م ي ن م ن أن صا ر O our Lord! Surely, the person You will enter in the Hellfire, truly You have made him shameful. There is no helper for the offenders. رب نا إ ن نا سم ع نا م ناد يا ي ناد ي ل لا يما ن أ ن آم ن وا ب رب ك م فا من ا رب نا فاغ ف ر لنا ذ ن وبنا وكف ر عن ا سي ي ات نا وتوف نا م ع الا ب را ر O our Lord! Surely we have listened the call of one inviting (us) to Faith: 'Believe in your Lord.' So we believed. Our Lord! Please forgive our sins and remove our bad deeds from us and cause us to die with pious people. ال م يعا د ف ت خ ل لا إ ن ك ال ق يام ة يو م ت خ ز نا ولا ر س ل ك على وعد تنا ما وآت نا رب نا O our Lord! Provide us what You have promised us through your prophets. Don t make us shameful on the Day of Judgment. Surely You do not violate the promise. بع ض. م ن بع ض ك م أ ن ثى أ و ذك ر م ن م ن ك م عام ل عم ل أ ض ي ع لا أن ي رب ه م له م فاس تجاب So their Lord accepted and responded to them: 'Surely, I will not waste the performance of a performer, male or female. You are from each other. The promise So He replied to them I do not waste Performance of a performer Remove from us You enter ت د خ ل أخ زي ته أن صار م ناد يا كف ر عن ا سي ي ات نا توف نا مع الا ب رار ال م يعاد فاس تجا ب له م لا أ ض يع عمل عام ل Our sins Cause us to die With pious people You made him disgraced Helpers Caller Male or female ي ناد ي وعد تنا You promised us أ ن ثى ذكر أو He calls Don t make us shameful فا من ا So We believed لا ت خ ز نا You don t violate ذ ن وبنا Our sins لا ت خ ل ف 48

49 Lesson 7: Conduct of Ummat-e-Muslimah فال ذ ين هاجر وا وأ خ ر ج وا م ن د يار ه م وأ وذ وا ف ي سب يل ي وقاتل وا وق ت ل وا لا كف ر ن عن ه م ولا د خ لن ه م جن ا ت تج ر ي م ن تح ت ها الا ن ها ر ثوابا م ن ع ن د الل ه والل ه ع ن ده ح س ن الث وا ب سي ي ات ه م So those who migrated, driven out from their homes, tortured in My way, fought and were killed, I will definitely remove their mistakes from them. I will definitely enter them in gardens (of the Paradise) having rivers flowing underneath, the reward from Allah!. The best reward is with Allah. لا يغ ر ن ك تقل ب ال ذ ي ن كفر وا ف ي ال ب لاد متاع قل يل ث م ما واه م جهن م وب ي س ال م ها د Arrogant movement of unbelievers in the cities should not mislead you. It is a small enjoyment (for them), then their ultimate home will be the Hell. What a bad place to live! لك ن ال ذ ي ن ات قو ا رب ه م له م جن ا ت تج ر ي م ن تح ت ها الا ن ها ر ع ن د الل ه خي ر ل لا ب را ر وما الل ه ع ن د م ن ن ز لا ف يها خال د ي ن But for those who feared their Lord, there will be gardens (of the Paradise) having rivers flowing underneath. They shall remain there forever. A blessings for their Lord! Whatever is with Allah is the best for the pious people. A little enjoyment Their ultimate living place What a bad dwelling place Living forever A gift Definitely, I will enter them They migrated (for God sake) هاجر وا بع ض ك م م ن بع ض لا د خ لن ه م جن ات تج ر ي م ن تح ت ها الا ن هار متاع قل يل ما واه م ب ي س ال م ها د Gardens with rivers flowing underneath Reward Some of you from some i.e. members of one community Their homes د يار ه م أ وذ وا ثوابا ح س ن خال د ين Good, the best ن ز لا They were tortured For the pious people قاتل وا وق ت ل وا ك لا يغ ر ن ل لا ب رار It should not mislead you They fight and killed They were driven out لا كف ر ن تقل ب أ خ ر ج وا Moving arrogantly Definitely, I will remove 49

50 Lesson 7: Conduct of Ummat-e-Muslimah وإ ن م ن أه ل ال ك تا ب لم ن ي و م ن ب الل ه وما أ ن ز ل إ لي ك م وما أ ن ز ل إ لي ه م خاش ع ي ن ب ا يات الل ه ثمنا قل يلا أ و لي ك له م أج ر ه م ع ن د رب ه م إ ن الل ه سر ي ع ال ح سا ب يش تر و ن لا ل ل ه Surely, there are some people from the People of Book (i.e. Jews and Christians) who believe in Allah and what was revealed to them. They are God-fearing. They do not sell Allah s verses for a small (worldly) price. They are the ones for whom, a reward is their near their Lord. Surely, Allah is fast in account. عمران 3: ) لا( ت ف ل ح و ن. لعل ك م الل ه وات ق وا وراب ط وا وصاب ر وا اص ب ر وا آمن وا ال ذ ي ن أي ها يا O believers! Be steadfast, compete (each other or unbelievers) in becoming steadfast, strengthen each other and be fearful to Allah so that you become successful (in this world and the Hereafter). Do you know? Islam had a great impact on the poetry and prose of Arabs. The poetry, which was full of lust and vulgarity, was used to describe high ethical values. Islam also had a sound impact on the prose and poetry of Persian, Turkish, Hindi and other languages. Face the Challenge! Identify the metaphors in this lesson. Worth Reading Suspicion is the major reason for our disputes. How to avoid the suspicion? Suspicion.htm Link to each other, strengthen each other Fast God-fearing خاش ع ين سر يع راب ط وا Compete each other in being steadfast Counting, calculation They don t buy / exchange لا يش تر ون ال ح ساب صاب ر وا Be steadfast, be patient ثمنا قل يلا A small price اص ب ر وا 50

51 Lesson 8: The Opinion of Prophet s Enemies about Him The Result Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test. حد ثنا أب و اليما ن ال حك م ب ن ناف ع قال: أخبرنا ش عي ب ع ن ال ز هر ي قال: أخبرن ي ع بي د االله ب ن عب د ا الله ب ن ع تبة ب ن مسع ود أن عب اس أخ بره أ ن أبا س فيا ن ب ن حر ب أخ بره : عب د ا الله ب ن Abul-Yaman Hakam Ibn Nafi described to us and said, Shuaib described on behalf of Zuhri, he said, U baidullah Ibn A bdullah Ibn U tbah Ibn Mas ud informed me that A bdullah Ibn A bbas informed him that Abu Sufyan Ibn Harb informed him: أن ه رق ل أرس ل إلي ه ف ي رك ب م ن ق ريش وكان وا ت ج ار ا بالش ا م ف ي ال م د ة ال ت ي كان رس و ل ا الله صلى االله عليه وسلم ماد ف يها ابا س فيا ن وك ف ار قريش فا ت وه وهم ب ا يل ياء فدعاه م ف ي مجل س ه وحوله ع ظماء ال ر وم ث م دعاهم ودعا ب ترج مان ه فقال: That Hercules sent (a messenger) to a caravan of Quraish who came to Syria as traders, during the period in which the Allah s Prophet had an agreement. Abu Sufyan and other infidels of Quraish were in (that caravan). They came to him at Jerusalem. He called them in his court, the chiefs of Rome were around him. Then he called them and also called his translator and said: 'أي ك م أقر ب نسب ا ب هذا الر ج ل الذي يز ع م أن ه نب ي ' فقال أبو سفيا ن: 'فق لت أنا أقرب ه م نسب ا.' 'Which one of you is the nearest in the family to that man who claims that he is a prophet?' Abu Sufyan said, 'I said that I am the nearest in family in all of these people.' Do you know? In Pre-Islamic Arabia, Arabs used to travel from Yemen to Syria for trading. There were certain tribes who adopted the profession of robbing trade caravans. These robbers did not use to rob the caravans of Quraish due to their respect for the Holy Ka aba. Face the Challenge! Based on your knowledge of English prepositions, prepare a list of Arabic prepositions used in this lesson. Get the help of your translation. His translator So bring him Hercules, a famous Roman king ه رق ل فا ت وه ترج مان ه Which one of you Arabic name of Jerusalem He sent أرسل إيل ياء أي ك م The nearest Family chain He claims His place of sitting, his council Caravan ركب ت ج ار ا الش ا م ماد أقرب نسب ا يز عم Around him عظيم Chiefs, the plural of Rome مجل س ه حوله ع ظماء ال ر وم Traders Syria He made an agreement 51

52 لا' لا' لا' لا' Lesson 8: The Opinion of Prophet s Enemies about Him فقال: 'أد ن وه م ن ي وقر ب وا أصحابه.' فاجعل وه م ع ن د ظهر ه. ث م قال ل ترج مانه: 'ق ل له م إن ي ساي ل عن هذا الر ج ل فا ن كذ بن ي فكذ ب وه.' فواالله لولا ال حياء م ن أ ن يا ث ر وا عل يك ذب ا لكذب ت عنه. He said, 'Bring him near me and also bring his companions near to him and ask them to sit behind his back.' Then he asked his translator: 'Ask them that I am going to ask some questions from this man. If he tells a lie, then deny him.' By God, if I were not ashamed that they will associate falsehood to me, definitely I would have told a lie. ب.' قال: 'فهل قا ل هذا القول م نك م ث م كان أو ل ما سا لن ي عن ه أ ن قا ل: 'كيف نسب ه ف يك م ' ق لت : 'ه و ف ينا ذ و نس أحد ق ط قبله ' قلت:.' قال: 'فهل كان م ن آباي ه م ن مل ك ' قلت:.'قال: 'فا شراف الن ا س يت ب ع ونه أ م ض عفاؤه م ' فقلت: 'بل ضعفاؤهم.' قال: 'أيز يد ون أم ينق ص ون ' قلت: لب' يزيدون.' Then the first question he asked me about him (the Prophet) and said: 'What about his family in you?' I said, 'He belongs to a respected family in us.' He said, 'Anyone has claimed the same (Prophethood) in you before him?' I said, 'No.' He said, 'Was there any king from their ancestors?' I said, 'No.' He asked, 'Whether the people of high rank follow him or weaker of them?' So I replied, 'But their weak people.' He asked, 'Are they increasing or decreasing?' I said, 'They are increasing.'.' قال: 'فهل ك نت م تت ه م ونه ب الك ذ ب قب ل أ ن ي قو ل م د ة لا ندر ي ما ه و فاع ل ف يها.'قال: 'ولم ت مك ن ي قال: 'فهل يرت د أح د منهم سخطة ل د ين ه بع د أ ن يدخ ل ف يه ' قلت: ما قال ' قلت:.' قال: 'فهل يغد ر ' قلت: 'لا ونح ن م نه ف ي ل فيها شيي ا غي ر هذ ه الكل م ة.' كل مة أدخ He asked, 'Whether anyone of them has left his religion after entering in it due to dissatisfaction?' I said, 'No.' He asked, 'Before his claim (of Prophethood), did you use to accuse him for telling a lie?' I said, 'Never.' He asked, 'Does he breaks his promise?' I said, 'No. But now we have a contract with him, we don t know whether he fulfils it or not.' He (Abu Sufyan) said, 'It was not possible for me to add anything except these words (against the Prophet).' Dissatisfaction Their entering You accused him He breaks promise Period, contract We do not know It was not possible for me Person belonging to a family chain (O you all!) Bring near! قر ب وا اجعل وه م ذ و نسب قط سخطة Ever أن يدخ ل People of high rank, شريف plural of Make / keep them The one who asks a question ساي ل كذ بن ي أشراف يت ب ع ونه تت ه م ونه يغد ر م د ة They follow him The weak people, plural ضعيف of He tell a lie to me (O you all!) Deny him كذ ب وه يا ث ر وا ض عفاؤه م يز يد ون They increase لا ندر ي They quote ك ذب ا ينق ص ون لم ت مك ن ي They decrease in number False, telling a lie 52

53 Lesson 8: The Opinion of Prophet s Enemies about Him قال: 'فهل قاتلت م وه ' قلت: 'نعم.' قال: 'فكيف كان ق تال ك م إي اه ' قلت: 'ال حرب بيننا وبينه س جال ينا ل م ن ا وننا ل م نه.' قال: 'ما ذا يا م ر ك م ' قلت: يقول: 'ا عب د وا االله وحده ولا ت شر ك وا ب ه شيي ا واتر ك وا ما يق و ل آباؤك م ويا مرنا بالص لا ة والص دق والعفا ف والص ل ة. He said, 'Have you fought with him?' I said, 'Yes.' He asked, 'What about your war with him?' I replied, 'The war is a rivalry between us and him. Sometimes he takes it from us and sometimes we take it from him.' He said, 'What does he teach?' I said, 'He says Worship Allah alone, don t associate anyone with Him, leave what your forefathers say He instructs us for prayer, truth, chastity and being generous to kith and kin. ب قوم ها. وسا لتك فقال للت رج ما ن: ق ل له: 'سا لت ك عن نسب ه فذكر ت أنه فيكم ذو نسب فكذل ك الر س ل ت بع ث في نس هل قال أح د منكم هذا القول فذكر ت أن لا فقلت لو كان أح د قال هذا القول قبله لق ل ت رج ل يتا س ي ب قو ل ق ي ل قبله. وسا لتك هلكان من آباي ه م ن مل ك فذكر ت أن لا قلت: فلوكان من آباي ه من ملك قلت رجل يطل ب م ل ك أب ي ه. وسا لتك هل كنتم تت ه م ونه بالك ذ ب قب ل أن يقول ما قال فذكر ت أن لا فق د أعر ف أنه لم يك ن ل يذ ر الك ذ ب على الن ا س ويكذ ب على ا الله. He said to the translator tell them: 'I asked you about his family, so you told that he belongs to a noble family. Like that, the prophets are send in the best family in the nation. I asked you whether anyone from them has made such claim before, you told me no. So I say that if anyone had made such claim before, then I was able to say that this main replicating the claim which was made before. I asked you whether there was a king in his forefathers, you told me no. If there was a king in his forefathers, I was able to say that the man is demanded the country of his father. I asked you have you ever accused him for telling a lie, you told me no. I already know that if he does not tell a lie for people, he will definitely not tell a lie about God. You were sent (passive voice) We obtain, we take You have conducted war قاتلت م وه ننال ت بعث He follows (O you all!) Worship Your war ق تال ك م ا عب د وا يتا س ي He demands I know (O you all!) Leave Only with him The war إي اه ال حرب ا تر ك وا الص دق يطل ب Truth أعر ف He was not س جال العفاف Chastity لم يك ن Competition, rivalry, He leaves / will leave ينال الص لة يذر Being generous to kith and kin He obtains, he takes He tells a lie ذكر ت You described يكذ ب 53

54 Lesson 8: The Opinion of Prophet s Enemies about Him وسا لتك أشرا ف النا س ات بع وه أم ض عفاؤ ه م فذكر ت أن ضعفاؤهم اتبعوه وهم أتباع الر س ل وسا لتك أيزيدون أم ينقصون فذكر ت أن هم يزيدون وكذلك أم ر الا يما ن حتى ي ت م. وسا لتك أيرت د أحد سخطة ل د ين ه بع د أ ن يدخ ل فيه فذكر ت أن لا وكذلك الا يما ن ح ي ن ت خال ط بشاشت ه الق ل و ب. وسا لتك هل يغد ر فذكر ت أن لا وكذلك الر س ل لا تغد ر. وسا لتك بما يا م ر ك م فذكر ت أنه يا مركم أن تعب د وا االله ولا ت شر ك وا به شيي ا وينهاك م عن ع بادة الا وثان ويا م ر ك م ب الص لاة والصدق والعفاف: I asked you whether people of high rank follow him or weak people (are his followers). You told me that the weaker of them are following him. This is the case of the followers of the prophets. I asked you whether they are increasing or decreasing. You described that they are increasing. The matter of faith is like this till it becomes perfect. I asked you did anybody left high religion after entering in it due to dissatisfaction, you told me no. The faith is like it when its cheerfulness mixes with the hearts. I asked you whether he breaks a promise, you told me no. Like that Prophets never break their promise. I asked you what he orders. You told me that he commands you to worship Allah and to not associate anything with Him. He forbids you from worshipping idols. He orders you for prayer, truth and chastity. فا ن كان ما تق و ل حق ا فسيمل ك موض ع قدم ي هاتي ن وقد ك ن ت أعل م أن ه خار ج لم أك ن أظ ن أنه منكم فلو أن ي أعل م أن ي أخل ص إليه لتجش مت ل قاءه ولو ك ن ت ع نده لغسل ت عن قدم ه. م'ث دعا ب ك تا ب رسو ل ا الله صلى االله عليه وسلم الذي بع ث ب ه مع د حي ة الكلب ي إلى عظ يم ب صر ى فدفعه إلى ه رقل فقرأه فا ذا في ه: If you have told me the truth, then soon he will become the owner of the place which is under my these two feet. I already knew that he is going to appear. I didn t use to thing that he will be from you. If I had known it, I would have become loyal to him and bear all troubles to meet him. If I were with him, I had definitely washed his feet. Then he called for bringing the letter of Allah s Prophet that he sent by Dahya Kalbi to the governor of Busra and he forwarded it to Hercules. He read it. It was (written) in it: I become / will become loyal to Truth Followers of prophets, plural تابع of أتباع الر س ل حق ا أخل ص Definitely I would suffer Meeting Definitely I will wash Soon he will become owner It completes, it becomes perfect ي ت م ت خال ط بشاشت ه سيمل ك موض ع قدمي لتجش مت ل قاءه لغسل ت Place My foot It mixes / will mix with Its cheerfulness Book, a written document ك تاب These two قلب The hearts, plural of الق ل وب هاتين He sent Coming out, appearing She (or you) break promise تغد ر خار ج بعث Chief of Busra, a town in Syria He forwarded it I was not He forbids you ينهاك م الا وثان لم أك ن أظن عظ يم ب صرى I think دفعه Idols (for worshipping) 54

55 Lesson 8: The Opinion of Prophet s Enemies about Him (ب سم ا الله الر ح م ن الر ح يم من م حم د عب د ا الله ورس ول ه إلى ه رق ل عظ ي م الر و م: سلام على م ن ات ب ع ال ه دى أم ا بعد فا ن ي أدع وك ب د عاي ة لا سلام أس ل م تس لم ي و ت ك االله أجر ك مر تي ن فا ن تول ي ت فا ن علي ك إث م اليريس ي ي ن و: يا أه ل الك تا ب تعالوا إلى كل م ة س واء بيننا وبينك م أن لا نعب د إلا ا الله ولا ن شر ك ب ه شيي ا ولا يت خ ذ بعض نا بعض ا أرباب ا من د و ن ا الله فا ن تول وا فق ول وا اش هد و ا ب ا ن ا م سل م و ن. In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful. From Muhammad, Allah s slave and His Prophet, towards the Hercules, the leader of Rome. Peace be upon him who followed the right. After that: I call you towards the call of Submission (Islam). Submit yourself (to Allah), you will be safe. Allah will give you double reward. If you turn your face, then the sin of your followers will be on you. And: 'O People of Book! Come towards a word that is common between us and you that let we do not worship anyone except Allah and we do not associate anything with Allah. Let we not make each other a god other than Allah. So now if they turn your face, then say, Be witness! We are the submitters.' قال أبو سفيا ن: فلما قال ما قال وفرغ م ن ق راءة الك تاب كث ر عنده الص خ ب وار تفع ت الا صوا ت وأ خر ج نا فقل ت لا صحاب ي ح ي ن أخر ج نا: لقد أم ر اب ن أب يكبشة إنه يخافه مل ك بن ي الا صفر. فما ز ل ت م وق ن ا أن ه سيظه ر حت ى أدخ ل االله عل ي الا سلام. Abu Sufyan said; When he said whatever he was saying and became free from reading the letter, noise increased near him and sounds were raised and we were driven out. I said to my companions while we were coming out, 'Now the matter of Ibn Abi Kabsha has increased a lot. The king of Romans fears him. I did not leave my opinion until Allah entered me into Islam. It increased Noise It raised (O you all!) Come! He read it قرأه أدع وك د عاية تعالوا س واء يت خ ذ كث ر الص خب ار تفعت Equal, common He makes / will make I call you Call Sounds, plural of صوت أس ل م بعض نا بعض ا Each other الا صوات Submit yourself We were driven out تسل م أرباب ا من د ون االله أ خر ج نا False gods other than Allah. You will be safe He feared him ي و ت ك تول وا If they turn their face يخافه He gives you / will give you Yellow nation, the Romans أجرك اش هد و ا بن ي الا صفر (O you all!) Be witness! Your reward I never left تول يت م سل م ون Submitters ما ز لت You turn your face My opinion إث م فر غ م وق نا He became free (from some work) Sin, crime 55

56 Lesson 8: The Opinion of Prophet s Enemies about Him وكان اب ن الناط ور صاح ب إيل ياء وه رقل أس ق فا على نصارى الش ام ي حد ث أ ن هرقل حي ن قد م إيلياء أصب ح يوم ا خب ي ث الن فس فقال بع ض ب طار قت ه: قد استنكرنا هيي تك قال اب ن الناطو ر: وكان هرقل حزاء ينظ ر ف ي الن ج وم فقال لهم حين سا ل وه: إن ي رأي ت الل يلة حي ن نظر ت ف ي النجو م مل ك ال خ تا ن قد ظهر فمن يختت ن م ن هذه الا م ة Ibn Natur, the governor of Jerusalem and friend of Hercules, the bishop of Syrian Christians, describes that when Hercules entered Jerusalem, he (came to his court) in the morning with a worried personality. Some of his council members said to him, 'We are founding your personality changed.' Ibn-e-Natur said, 'Hercules was an astrologist. He used to observe starts.' When they asked him, he replied, 'I have seen tonight when I observed starts that the king of circumcised people appeared. So (tell me) who circumcise in this nation?' ليس يختت ن إلا اليه ود فلا ي ه م ن ك شا ن ه م واك ت ب إلى مداي ن م لك ك فيقت ل وا من فيهم م ن اليه و د.' فبينما ه م قالوا: ' أ ت ى هرقل ب رج ل أرس ل ب ه مل ك غس ا ن ي خب ر عن خب ر رسو ل ا الله صلى االله عليه وسلم. على أمر ه م They said, 'Nobody circumcise except the Jews. So don t worry about their condition. Write to the (governors of) the cities of your country, so that they will kill the Jews living in their cities.' While they were discussing this matter in us. A man was brought to Hercules who was sent by the king of Ghassan with information about Allah s Prophet. He circumcises / will circumcise Don t be worried at all Their position Write! مدينة Cities, plural of They kill Your form, your appearance Soon he will dominate سيظهر أدخل أس ق ف ي حد ث قد م أصبح يختت ن Astrologist لا ي ه م ن ك He observe / will observe هيي تك حزاء ينظ ر الن ج وم رأيت الل يلة شا ن ه م اك ت ب مداي ن يقت ل وا نجم Stars, plural of I saw The night I entered Bishop, leader of Christians Describes He came He started his morning He was brought أت ى I observed A worried personality خب يث الن فس نظرت An ancient state at Syria بطار قة ال خ تان غس ان People who circumcise i.e. Jews and Muslims King s council, بطريق plural of He informed استنكرنا ظهر He appeared / He dominated ي خب ر We have found changed 56

57 Lesson 8: The Opinion of Prophet s Enemies about Him فلما استخبره هرقل قال: أذهب وا فانظ ر وا أم ختت ن ه و أم لا فنظر وا إليه فحد ث وه أنه م ختتن وسا له ع ن العرب فقال: هم يختت ن ون. فقال هرقل : 'هذا مل ك هذ ه الا م ة قد ظه ر.' When Hercules inquired, then he said, 'Go and see whether they are circumcised or not?' So they searched for it and described that he was circumcised. He asked about the Arabs, he told that they circumcise. Hercules said, 'This is the king of this nation who has appeared.' ث م كت ب هرقل إلى صاح ب له ب ر وم ي ة وكان نظ ي ر ه ف ي الع لم وسار هرقل إلى ح م ص فلم ير م ح م ص حت ى أتاه ك تا ب م ن صاح ب ه ي واف ق را ي ه رق ل على خ ر و ج الن ب ي صلى االله عليه وسلم وأنه نب ي فا ذ ن هرقل ل ع ظما ء الر و م ف ي دسكرة له ب ح مص ث م أمر با بواب ها فغ ل قت ث م اط ل ع فقال: Then he wrote to his friend at Rome. He was like him (Hercules) in the knowledge (of astrology). Hercules went to Hims. He had not yet left Hims when the letter of his friend arrived. His opinion was in agreement to Hercules opinion about the appearance of the Prophet صلى االله عليه وسلم that he is the (true) prophet. Hercules called the chiefs of Rome in his palace at Hims. He ordered to close the doors. Then he informed them (about it) and said:.غير منصرف They are called.نصب و جر Rule of the Day! Certain nouns have the same form in both.مبني Some others remain the same in all three forms. They are called Worth Reading Positive attitude affirms the life. Positive.htm He saw Coming out So he announced Palace Rome, capital of Italy His example, like him He visited A city of Syria ر وم ي ة نظ ي ر ه سار ح م ص He received information (O you all!) Go! Look at! Search! استخبره أذهب وا فانظ ر وا م ختت ن راي خ ر وج فا ذ ن دسكرة A circumcised person باب Its doors, plural of He did not yet leave Or أم لم ير م أبواب ها It was closed He informed He came to him He agrees with فنظر وا So they searched for يختت ن ون أتاه ي واف ق غ ل قت اط لع They circumcise 57

58 Lesson 8: The Opinion of Prophet s Enemies about Him 'يا معش ر الر وم هل لك م ف ي الفلا ح والر شد وأن يث ب ت م لك ك م فتبايع وا هذا النب ي ' فحاصوا حيصة ح م ر الوح ش إلى وأي س م ن الا ي مان قال: 'ر د وه م علي وقال: إن ي قلت مقالت ي الا بواب فوجد وها قد غ ل قت فلم ا رأى هرقل نفرته م آن ف ا أختب ر ب ها ش د تكم على دين كم فقد رأيت فسجد وا له ورض وا عنه فكان ذلك آخ ر شا ن هرق ل. 'O Romans! In order to (achieve) the success and the true path, and to protect your country, would you like to pledge your alliance with this prophet?' They ran towards the doors like wild donkeys but they found them closed. When Hercules saw their hatred, he became hopeless about their faith. He said, 'Return them to me.' Then he said, 'I have said my previous words to test your firmness on religion. So I have seen it.' They prostrated in front of him and became happy with him. This was the latest position of Hercules. وي ون س ب ن معم ر ع ن الز هر ي. (بخاري 7) قال أبو عبدا الله: رواه صال ح ب نكيسا ن Abu Abdullah said, Saleh Ibn Kaisan and Yunus Ibn Ma mar narrated it from Zuhri. Do you know? Like English, in Arabic, prepositions are used with specific nouns and verbs. Rules for use of preposition are different in different languages. In one language, one preposition is used while in the other one, some other preposition (not its equivalent) is used. For example, in English 'By.واالله God' is described in Arabic as Worth Reading O God! Who is like you? An article for invoking God s love. h/pe likeyou.htm My previous words I tested Running O People! يا معشر الفلاح حيصة ح م ر الوح ش مقالت ي آن ف ا أختب ر Wild donkeys, plural of ح مار Success Your firmness They found it Guidance الر شد وجد وها ش د ت كم I saw Their hatred أن يثب ت To protect نفرته م رأيت They became satisfied أي س He became hopeless Your country م لك ك م رض وا He narrated it ر د وه م They returned him رواه Pledge allegiance to تبايع وا They ran حاصوا 58

59 Lesson 9: The Cleanliness, the Prayer and the Pilgrimage The Result Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test. الو ض و ء: ص فة ي ح ض ر المسل م الماء الط ه ور. ين وي الو ض وء. يق ول : بسم الل ه. يغ س ل كف ي ه ثلاثا. يتمض مض ويس تن ش ق ثلاثا. يغ س ل وج هه ثلاثا وي خل ل ل ح يته ب الما ء. يغ س ل يدي ه إلى الم ر فقي ن ثلاثا. يم سح رأ سه م ع الا ذ ني ن مر ة واح دة. يغ س ل ر ج لي ه إلى الكع بي ن ثلاثا وي خل ل أصاب عه ب الما ء. The Method of (Performing) Ablution: A Muslim takes clean water. He intends for ablution. He says, 'In the name of Allah.' He washes his both palms thrice. (Then) he rinse water out of his mouth and takes water in his nose three times. (Then) he washes his face thrice and put his fingers wet with water in his beard. (Then) he washes his hands including his both elbows thrice. They he wipes his wet hand on head with both ears once. (Then) he washes his both feet including both ankles twice. Then he put his wet (hand) fingers inside his (foot) fingers. الت يم م: ص فة ين و ي الت يم م. ي سم ي الل ه أ ي يق و ل: 'ب سم الل ه'. يض ر ب ب كف ي ه ال ترا ب الط اه ر ضر بة واح دة. يم سح ب ه ما ف. ض أ و خو وج هه وكف ي ه إلى الر س غي ن. يتيم م الم س ل م ع ن د عد م و ج و د الماء أ و تعذ ر است ع مال ه ل مر The Method of (Performing) Tayammum: He intends for Tayammum. He pronounce Allah s name i.e. he says, 'In the name of Allah.' (Then) he strikes his both palms on pure soil once. Then he wipes both of them on his face. (Then he strikes again and wipes on) both of his palms on the both wrists. The Muslim performs Tayammum at the time of not finding water or due to having a reason for not using it due to sickness or fear. The two elbows, تثنية of م رفق تثنية palms, His both hand كف of ص فة Method, attributes كف ي ه الم ر فقي ن He anoints, he wipes with his wet hands on He rinses water out the mouth Ablution الو ض وء يتمض مض يم سح His head أ ذ ن of تثنية ears, His two ر ج ل of تثنية feet, His two كعب of تثنية ankles, Two His fingers He takes water into his nose He brings, he takes Water Clean, pure He intends He washes ي ح ض ر ال ماء الط ه ور ين وي يغ س ل يس تن ش ق وج ه ي خل ل ل ح يت يدي ه رأ سه الا ذ ني ن ه ر ج لي الكع بي ن أصاب عه Face He places his fingers inside Beard يد of تثنية hands, His both 59

60 Lesson 9: The Cleanliness, the Prayer and the Pilgrimage الجنابة: م ن الغ س ل ص فة الجنابة هي: الحدث الا كبر وهو ن ز و ل ال من ي ب شه وة م ن الذ ك ر أ و الا ن ثى ب ج ما ع أو نح و ه. ين و ي الغ س ل م ن الجناب ة. ي سم ي الل ه. يغ س ل كف ي ه ثلاثا. يص ب الماء ب يم ين ه على ش مال ه فيغ س ل فر جه. يتوض ا كما يتوض ا ل لص لاة. ي ف يض ال ماء على بدن ه. يحث ي ال ماء على رأس ه ثلات ا. يغ س ل قدمي ه في مكا ن آخ ر عن د الحاج ة كما لوكان ت الا ر ض ط ينا. يتيامن : أي يبدأ بغ س ل ال جان ب الا ي م ن م ن جسد ه ث م الا يس ر. The Method of Taking a Bath in case of Janabat: Janabat is the bigger impurity. It means discharging semen with sexual desire by male or female during sexual intercourse or similar to that. He intends to take a bath. He provoke Allah s name. Then he washes his both palms thrice. He pours water with his right hand over his left hand. Then he washes his sexual organs. Then he performs ablution like the ablution for prayers. Then he pours water on his body. Then he pours water on his head thrice (and start taking a bath). (At last) he washes his both feet at some other place, if required as in case the land is muddy. He starts from the right side i.e. he starts washing from the right organs of his body and then the left ones. His right hand Fear Purification in absence of water الت يم م خو ف يم ين ه His left hand His sexual organs Washing, taking a bath It is named ي سم ي أي الغ س ل الجنابة ش مال ه Impurity فر جه It means, i.e. He performs Wudu (ablution) Impurity He strikes, he beats يض ر ب الحدث يتوض ا He flows water over His body He pours (water or something) Bigger or the biggest Dust, soil ال تراب الط اه ر ضر بة الا كبر ن ز ول ال من ي يف يض بدن ه يحث ي Coming down Semen Pure, clean Beating, striking Place Lust, sexual desire الر س غي ن ر سغ of تثنية wrists, Two شه وة مكان Need Clay, mud The male, the penis He performs Tayammum يتيم م عدم و ج ود الذ كر الا ن ثى الحاجة The female طينا In absence of He starts from right He starts Sexual intercourse تعذ ر Having some reason است ع مال ه ج ماع نح و ه يتيامن Like it يبدأ Its use The side مرض يص ب (water) He pours ال جان ب Sickness 60

61 Lesson 9: The Cleanliness, the Prayer and the Pilgrimage الص لوات المك ت وبة : وه ي: الص لوات المك ت وبة خم س وه ي رك عتا ن. ووق ت ها من ط ل وع الفج ر الث ا ني إلى ط ل وع الش م س. - صلاة الفج ر وه ي أر ب ع ركعا ت. ووق ت ها من زوا ل الش م س إلى أ ن يص ير ظ لك ل شي ء م ث له. - وصلاة الظ ه ر وه ي أر ب ع ركعا ت ووق ت ها من صي ر ورة ظ لك ل شي ء م ث له إلى غ ر و ب الش م س. - وصلاة العص ر وه ي ثلا ث ركعا ت. ووق ت ها من غ ر و ب الش م س إلى مغ يب الش ف ق الا ح م ر. - وصلاة الم غرب ف الل ي ل. وه ي أر ب ع ركعا ت. ووق ت ها من مغيب الش ف ق الا ح م ر إلى ن ص - وصلاة الع شاء Obligatory Prayers: The obligatory prayers are five. They are: The Dawn Prayer: They are two Rak at (prayer cycles). Its time starts from the second rising of dawn till sunrise. (Dawn is the first light of the day that appears around 1.5 hours before sunrise) The Noon Prayer: They are four Rak at. Its time starts from coming down of the sun (from its highest point) till the time that the (length of the) shade of everything becomes equal to its height. The Afternoon Prayer: They are four Rak at. Its time is becoming the shade of everything equal to its height till sunset. The Sunset Prayer: The are three Rak at. Its time is from the sunset to the disappearing of the red light on the horizon. The Night Prayer: They are four Rak at. Its time is from disappearing of the red light till the half night. Becoming Rising The right الا ي من ط ل وع صي ر ورة Disappearing, sunset Noon His body جسد ه الظ ه ر غ ر وب The time or place of sunset Many prayer cycles, ركعة plural of The left الا يسر ركعات الم غرب Sunset, the time or place of sunset Coming down المك ت وبة The written, obligatory زوال مغ يب The he red light at horizon after sunset To become Dawn الفج ر أن يص ير الش ف ق Red Shade Two prayer cycles, تثنية of ركعة رك عتان ظ ل الا ح مر Night Half Like him Its time وق ت ها م ث له العص ر الع شاء Afternoon ن ص ف 61

62 Lesson 9: The Cleanliness, the Prayer and the Pilgrimage الص لاة : ص فة - ين وي الص لاة. يس تق ب ل الق ب لة. يس تو ي قاي ما. ير فع يدي ه حذ و من كبي ه أ و إلى ف ر وع أ ذ ني ه و يكب ر. يضع يده الي م نى على يد ه الي س رى على الص د ر. يق رأ د عاء الاس ت ف تاح م ث ل أ ن يق ول: ' س ب حانك الل ه م وب حم د ك وتبارك اسمك وتعالى جد ك ولا إله غي ر ك '. يق رأ س ورة الفات ح ة وس ورة أخ رى أو ما تيس ر م ن ها. The Method of Prayer: He intends for the prayer, faces towards the prayer direction and stands straight. He raises both of his hands parallel to his both shoulders or till the edge of his ears and says, 'Allah o Akbar.' He puts his right hand on his left hand on his chest. He reads the opening prayer like that he says, 'O Allah! You are glorified, with Your praise, Your name is blessed, Your glory is exalted, and there is no god except You.' He recites the 'Surat-ul-Fatihah' and another Surah, or whatever he can (recites) easily. رب ي العظي م' ثلاثا. - يق وم ويقو ل: 'سمع الل ه ل م ن حم ده رب نا ول ك الحم د '. ي كب ر ي كب ر وير ك ع ويق و ل: 'س ب حان ربي الا ع لى' ثلاثا. ويس ج د و يقو ل : ' س بحان ربي الا ع لى' ثلاثا. ي كب ر ويج ل س ويقو ل: ' رب اغ ف ر لي ر ب اغ ف ر لي '. ي كب ر ويس ج د ثان ية ويقول: ' س ب حان ي كب ر ويق وم ل لر ك ع ة الث ان ي ة. هذ ه رك عة. و يصل ي الر ك عة الث ان يةكما صل ى الا ولى. He says, 'Allah is the Greatest' and bows down and say thrice, 'My Great Lord is free from any weakness'. (Then) he stands and says, 'Allah has listened the one who has praised Him. Our Lord! Praise is for you.' Then he says, 'Allah is the Greatest' and prostrates and say thrice, 'My Highest Lord is free from any weakness.' Then he says, 'Allah is the Greatest', sits and says, 'O Lord! Forgive, O Lord! Forgive me.' Then he says 'Allah is the Greatest', prostrates again and says, 'My Highest Lord is free from any weakness.' Then he says, 'Allah is the Greatest' and stands for the second Rak at. This is one Rak at. Then he performs the second Rak at as he performed the first one. What he can do easily He bows down He stands االله أكبر He says He prostrates Lower part of his both ears He says, 'Allah o Akbar' ي كب ر يس تق ب ل الق ب لة يس تو ي قاي ما ف ر وع أ ذ ني ه يده الي م نى يد ه الي س رى تيس ر ير كع يق وم His right hand His left hand الص د ر يق رأ ي كب ر يس ج د The chest He reads He faces towards The prayer direction He becomes straight Standing He sits يج ل س Call, invitation, prayer He raises ير فع د عاء A prayer cycle من كبي ه حذ و الاس ت ف تاح Opening رك عة At the level of his both shoulders 62

63 Lesson 9: The Cleanliness, the Prayer and the Pilgrimage يج ل س ل لتشه د. وبع د ذل ك ي سل م ع ن يم ين ه وع ن يسار ه فيقو ل: ' الس لام علي ك م ورح مة الل ه '. وبع د السج دة الث ان ي ة After the second prostration (in the second Rak at) he sits to recite 'Tashahud'. After that he salutes on his right and left and says, 'Peace and Allah s Mercy be upon all of you.' جلس هذا في الص لاة الث ناي ي ة. أم ا في غي ر ها فيق وم بع د الت شه د ل ي ت م الص لاة. ويصلى كما صل ى في الركعتين الا وليي ن ث م للتشهد الا خ ي ر ف ي ن هاية الصلاة وبع د ق راءة التشه د يصل ي على النب ي صلى االله عليه وسلم ثم يتعو ذ بالل ه م ن عذا ب جهن م وم ن عذا ب ال قب ر وم ن ف تن ة ال محيا وال مما ت وم ن فتن ة ال مس ي ح الد ج ال ث م يدع و ب ما شاء ث م ي سل م عن يمين ه و يسار ه. This is performed in the prayer having two Rak ats. In others, he stands up again after the 'Tashahud' to complete the prayer. He prays like the two earlier Rak ats, then he sits for the last Tashahud at the end of the prayer. After reciting Tashahud he prays for the Prophet. Then he seeks refuge from the Hell s punishment, the punishment of grave, the test of life and death and from the test of Antichrist. Then he calls (Allah) for whatever he wants. Then he salutes on his right and on his left. ال مي ت: علي الص لاة ص فة ويد ع و ل ل مي ت. ي كب ر و يسل م. ي كب ر وسلم. عليه االله النب ي صلى على ي صل ي و ي كب ر الفات حة. يق رأ و و يكب ر ين و ي The Method of Prayer for the Dead Person: He intends and says, 'Allah is the Greatest.' Then he recites 'Surat-ul-Fatihah'. Then he says 'Allah is the Greatest' and pray for the Prophet. Then he says 'Allah is the greatest' and pray for the dead person. Then he says 'Allah is the greatest' and salutes. Death صل ى الا خ ير Other ال ممات He performed prayer Antichrist تشه د ن هاية End ال مس يح الد ج ال To testify He calls, he seeks from Allah ي سل م يتعو ذ He seeks refuge from يدع و السلام He salutes, he says عليكم He wanted يسار ه جهن م The Hell شاء On his left The dead person الث ناي ي ة ال قب ر The grave ال مي ت Duet, (prayer having two Rak ats) Testing, persecution ل ي ت م So that he completes ف تنة Life الا ول يين أول of تثنيه two, The first ال محيا 63

64 أ( ب( Lesson 9: The Cleanliness, the Prayer and the Pilgrimage والع م رة : الحج ال مواق يت -- ه ي ق س ما ن: وذ و القع دة أم ا ف يها. إلا الح ج أع ما ل من شيء يص ح لا الح ج ة ذ ي م ن وعش ر وه ي: شو ال ( مواق يت زمان ي ة الع م رة فتص ح فيك ل وق ت. وه ي: وه ي الا ماك ن التي ي ح ر م م ن ها م ن أرا د الح ج والع مرة. ( مواق يت مكان ي ة -1 ذ و ال ح لي فة وه و م يقا ت أه ل المدين ة. Makkah) (A place in outskirts of Madina, 400km from ه ي م يقا ت أه ل الش ام. Makkah) (A coastal town at Red Sea150 North West of -2 الج ح فة و وه ي م يقا ت أه ل اليمن. Makkah) (A place about 100 km South West of 3- يلم لم -4 قر ن المناز ل وه و م يقا ت أه ل نج د. Makkah) (A place about 80km South East of وه ي م يقا ت أه ل الع را ق. map) (A place about 100 km North East of Makkah, see 5- ذات ع ر ق The Major and Minor Pilgrimage: Limits are of two types: Time Limit: They are: Shawwal, Zul Qa dah and 10 days of Zul Hajj. It is not right to perform the rituals of the Major Pilgrimage except these. The Minor Pilgrimage is allowed at any time. Place Limits: These are the places from where it is essential to wear the Ihram for the one who intends to perform the Hajj or U mrah. They are: Zul Hulaifah: It is the limit for the people of Madina. Juhfa: It is the limit for the people of Syria (coming from North) Yalamlam: It is the limit for the people of Yemen (coming from South) Qarn-ul-Manazil: It is the limit for the people of Najd (coming from East) Dhat-ul-I rq: It is the limit for the people of Iraq (coming from North East) إحرام He wears 12 th month of the lunar calendar The obligatory Pilgrimage ال حج ذ و الح ج ة ي ح ر م Unstitched dress for pilgrimage It is correct (for masculine) الع م رة Additional pilgrimage يص ح الا ح رام He intended, he decided People of countries Deeds, rituals, plural of عمل ق س مان قسم of تثنيه types, Two زمان ي ة أع ما ل تص ح أرا د أه ل الب لاد It is correct (for feminine) By time Appointments plural of ميقات شو ال مكان ي ة By place المواق يت 10 th month of the lunar calendar The area in East of Makkah ذ و القع دة الا ماك ن مكان Places, plural of نج د 11 th month of the lunar calendar 64

65 Lesson 9: The Cleanliness, the Prayer and the Pilgrimage Map of Miqats around Makkah Satellite Map of Mina, Muzdalifah and Arafat Satanic Pillars (جمرات) at Mina Tawaf The dress for إحرام pilgrimage سعى Safa and Marwah: View of the exterior and interior of the gallery for 65

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