The Rise and Fall of Iran in Arab and Muslim Public Opinion. by James Zogby

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Rise and Fall of Iran in Arab and Muslim Public Opinion. by James Zogby"

Transcription

1 The Rise and Fall of Iran in Arab and Muslim Public Opinion by James Zogby Policy discussions here in the U.S. about Iran and its nuclear program most often focus exclusively on Israeli concerns. Ignored are Arab and Muslim attitudes, especially those of Iran s Arab and non-arab Muslim neighbors. It is known that several Arab governments have problems with the Islamic Republic in Tehran, but what of their publics? Over the past decade, we have been polling regional attitudes toward Iran and its policies culminating at the end of 12 with a survey of, citizens in 17 Arab countries and three non-arab Muslim countries (,, and ). This nation poll covered a range of topics including: attitudes toward Iran, its people, culture, and its nuclear program. Comparing our most recent findings (compiled in my new ebook Looking at Iran: Iran s Rise and Fall in Public Opinion ) to the data from our earlier surveys in the region reveals important and dramatic changes in Arab and Muslim attitudes toward Iran. It also helps to identify factors that appear to serve as drivers behind these changes. For example, when we polled on many of these same issues in 6, Iran s favorable ratings in Arab and Muslim countries were at their highest point. Back then, in most countries, Iran s favorable ratings were in the 75% range (with Saudis giving Iran an 85% rating). Six years later the tables have turned. Now Iran s favorable ratings in these same countries have fallen to less than 25% (Saudi ratings have plummeted to 15%). What emerges from our 11 and 12 polls is that the earlier favorable attitudes toward Iran were not about Iran, per se. Instead they appear to be more a reaction to Arab public opinion s fury at Israel s behavior and U.S. policies in,, and, coupled with the perception that Iran and its allies were standing firm in opposition to the machinations of the West. What changed in 12 is that the United States has lowered its regional profile, while Iran is perceived to be playing a divisive role in,,, and Syria. What also emerges from our 12 survey is the presence of a worrisome sectarian divide that has taken hold in several countries, with Sunni attitudes largely opposing Iran and its regional policies, and Shia communities in many of these same countries expressing support for Iran. There is a growing consensus among both Sunni and Shia Muslims that Iran and its policies are contributing to this sectarian rift. There is, however, a limit to Iran s appeal in the Arab World and that is the result of the important role that Arab culture and identity play as unifying factors in shaping attitudes across sectarian lines. There was a time, just a few years ago, when favorable Arab public opinion of Iran in some countries stood poles apart from the positions of their governments with respect to Iran and its policies. Some observers made much of this, suggesting that the concerns with Iran s policies expressed by Arab governments were out of touch with their publics. That may have been true in 6, but after Iran and its allies overplayed their hands in several countries (with Syria being the nail in the coffin majorities in 17 of the countries covered in our 12 survey oppose Iran s involvement in Syria), that gap has now been erased. Most Arabs and Muslims now hold decidedly negative views of Iran and are solidly opposed to Iran s regional ambitions. The same is true of Arab and Muslim attitudes toward Iran s nuclear program. Back in 6, when Iran was seen as the bastion of resistance to the West, their nuclear ambitions were supported and defended by majorities in most countries. Our earlier polls show Arab and Muslim public opinion supporting Iran s claim that the program was for peaceful purposes. Whether peaceful or not, strong majorities in almost every country were opposed to any international effort to impose sanctions or use military means against the Islamic Republic. Today, there is virtually no support for Iran s nuclear ambitions with majorities now believing that Tehran has designs on producing a nuclear weapon. And sympathy for Iran has been replaced by widespread support for sanctions to stop Iran should it persist in advancing its nuclear program. Opposition to the use of military force remains high, with strong majorities still against it. But here too there has been a change, with some increase in the number of those who now support the use of a military strike should Iran persist with its nuclear program. The lesson is clear. When Iran was seen in the Arab and Muslim Worlds through the prism of U.S. and Israeli practices, it won. But when Iran is judged by its regional behavior and its domestic repression, it loses support in Arab and Muslim public opinion.

2 Policy Implications of Iran s Fall from Favor in Arab and Muslim Public Opinion by James Zogby In Looking at Iran: Iran s Rise and Fall in Public Opinion, I detail the dramatic shifts that have occurred in Arab and Muslim attitudes toward Iran, its regional policies and its nuclear program. Once viewed positively by sizable majorities in almost every country across the region, Iran has experienced a precipitous decline in its favorable ratings. The change, it appears from my findings, is largely due to concerns with Iran s policies in, Syria, and the Arab Gulf region. At the same time, I observe a worrisome sectarian divide that has opened up between Sunni and Shia Muslims in several countries, most notably in Saudi Arabia,,,, and. Majorities point to Iranian policies as the cause. But local grievances and violent acts perpetrated by sect-based extremist groups have also played a significant role in aggravating tensions. The effect of the divide is somewhat muted, but definitely not erased, by ethnicity and cultural issues, which still define the identities of most Arabs and Muslims. Iran s nuclear program was once strongly supported throughout the region by the general public, though not necessarily by their governments. Now it is a subject of concern in most countries. Just six years ago, most Arabs and Muslims were willing to defend Iran against international pressure, now they want the international community to do something to rein in Iran s ambitions. Sanctions against Iran, once strongly opposed, are now supported by a majority of Arabs and Muslims in most countries. While there is an uptick in support for military action against Iran, should it persist in its nuclear program, majorities in almost all countries remain opposed to this option. Finally, the United States has experienced a slight improvement in its favorable ratings in Arab opinion and, more importantly, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of Arabs and Muslims who now see (or hope to see) the United States playing a positive role in promoting peace and stability in the region. This has been due, in part, to the U.S. s lower profile and less aggressive posture in the region, and renewed expectation that in a second term Barack Obama may fulfill the hopes Arabs and Muslims had for his presidency. Arab and Muslim public opinion remains in flux and regional sensitivities remain high. Given this volatile setting, policy makers should consider options carefully. Iran should recognize its current regional isolation and the precariousness of its position and not overplay its hand. In the past, their defiant behavior might have won support from an appreciative regional audience. Now it is seen as threatening and unsettling provocation. Governments in the region should address the domestic concerns and coordinate policies to rein in the extremist groups that are fueling sectarian discontent and alienation, creating fertile ground that is exploited by both Iran and its allies, and Sunni sectarian terrorist groups. Israel should be pressed to address and resolve the matter of long-denied Palestinian rights. Should the Palestinian situation explode in renewed violence and massive repression, and should the United States, as expected, side with Israel, this could inflame regional passions reopening a door that Iran had closed on itself. In this context, it is important to consider that the new governments in Arab Spring countries are less able to control angry protests. The attack on Israel s embassy in and repeated raids on the U.S. Embassy next to Tahrir Square are clear examples. The United States should recognize the benefits that have accrued from its lower profile and its effort to work with allies by leading from behind. Should the United States change course and either resume a belligerent posture or take unsupported and unpopular unilateral military action against Iran, this might only serve to refocus the region s attention away from Iran s meddlesome behaviors. Regional attitudes could once again shift in Iran s favor. Finally, all parties should consider the wisdom of bellicose threats and suggestions of military action. This applies to the United States, Israel, and Iran. These only exacerbate tensions and deepen regional divides. They also play into the hands of those in Iran who have repeatedly demonstrated the ability to turn threats (or an actual attack, should it come to that) into an increase in support across the region. All of this has some important policy implications, which should be considered:

3 Iran s Favorable Ratings 6 11 IRAN S FAVORABLE RATINGS 1 9 ** Attitude Toward Iran (12) ATTITUDE TOWARD IRAN (12) Unfavorable Favorable

4 Iran s Role in (12) Negative Positive Iran s Role in Syria (12) IRAN S ROLE IN SYRIA (12) Negative Positive

5 Iran s Nuclear Objectives (12) Nuclear Weapons Peaceful Purposes Support for Sanctions (6 vs. 12) COMPARING SUPPORT FOR SANCTIONS (6 AND 12)

6 Military Action Against Iran (12) MILITARY ACTION AGAINST IRAN (12) Oppose Support Attitudes Toward Iran by Sect (12) FAVORABLE ATTITUDES TOWARDS IRAN BY SECT (12) 1 KUWAIT Sunni Shia 1 YEMEN 1 BAHRAIN Sunni Shia 1 TURKEY 1 Sunni Shia 1 PAKISTAN Sunni Shia Sunni Shia Sunni Shia

How 20 Arab & Muslim Nations View Iran & Its Policies Buy the ebook in the Amazon Kindle store.

How 20 Arab & Muslim Nations View Iran & Its Policies Buy the ebook in the Amazon Kindle store. Looking at IRAN How 20 Arab & Muslim Nations View Iran & Its Policies March 5, 2013 At the end of 2012, we polled more than 20,000 citizens in 17 Arab countries and three non-arab Muslim countries (Turkey,

More information

ARAB ATTITUDES TOWARD IRAN, 2011

ARAB ATTITUDES TOWARD IRAN, 2011 ARAB ATTITUDES TOWARD IRAN, 2011 Deep concern with Iran s regional role Iran viewed very unfavorably in Saudi Arabia, UAE, Morocco, Jordan, and Egypt Scant support for Iran s nuclear program GCC s assertive

More information

OPINION jordan palestine ksa uae iraq. rkey iran egypt lebanon jordan palstine

OPINION jordan palestine ksa uae iraq. rkey iran egypt lebanon jordan palstine aq turkey iran egypt lebanon jordan lestine ksa uae iraq turkey iran egyp banon jordan palestine ksa uae iraq rkey iran egypt lebanon jordan palstine ksa uae iraq turkey iran egypt banon jordan palestine

More information

Regional Issues. Conflicts in the Middle East. Importance of Oil. Growth of Islamism. Oil as source of conflict in Middle East

Regional Issues. Conflicts in the Middle East. Importance of Oil. Growth of Islamism. Oil as source of conflict in Middle East Main Idea Reading Focus Conflicts in the Middle East Regional issues in the Middle East have led to conflicts between Israel and its neighbors and to conflicts in and between Iran and Iraq. How have regional

More information

ARAB ATTITUDES, 2011

ARAB ATTITUDES, 2011 ARAB ATTITUDES, 2011 U.S. And Obama Favorable Ratings Drop Sharply Top Arab Concerns: U.S. Interference and Unresolved Palestine Issue Killing bin Laden Will Not Improve Region Mixed Mood on Arab Spring

More information

4/11/18. PSCI 2500 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Jim Butterfield Davis Arthur-Yeboah April 11, 2018

4/11/18. PSCI 2500 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Jim Butterfield Davis Arthur-Yeboah April 11, 2018 PSCI 2500 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Jim Butterfield Davis Arthur-Yeboah April 11, 2018 Office hours: Davis: M-Th 3:00-4:30 JB: Tu 4:00-5:30, W 2:00-4:00 From last Wednesday, know for the final exam: What

More information

THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014

THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014 PLEASE NOTE THE ANDREW MARR SHOW MUST BE CREDITED IF ANY PART OF THIS TRANSCRIPT IS USED THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014 Now looking at the violence now

More information

Operation Decisive Storm: Reshuffling Regional Order

Operation Decisive Storm: Reshuffling Regional Order Position Papers Operation Decisive Storm: Reshuffling Regional Order This paper was originally written in Arabic by: Al Jazeera Center for Studies Translated into English by: AMEC Al Jazeera Center for

More information

THIS HOUSE BELIEVES THAT MUSLIMS ARE FAILING TO COMBAT EXTREMISM. DATE 3RD MARCH 2008 POLLING DATE 17TH MARCH 23RD MARCH 2008

THIS HOUSE BELIEVES THAT MUSLIMS ARE FAILING TO COMBAT EXTREMISM. DATE 3RD MARCH 2008 POLLING DATE 17TH MARCH 23RD MARCH 2008 THIS HOUSE BELIEVES THAT MUSLIMS ARE FAILING TO COMBAT EXTREMISM. DATE 3RD MARCH 2008 POLLING DATE 17TH MARCH 23RD MARCH 2008 Methodology The research was conducted using our online panel of 102,000+ respondents

More information

Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station

Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station a. Explain the difference between an ethnic group and a religious group. Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station An ethnic group is a group of people who share cultural ideas and beliefs that have been a part

More information

Arab Spring Fails to Improve U.S. Image

Arab Spring Fails to Improve U.S. Image TUESDAY, MAY,, PM EDT Obama s Challenge in the Muslim World Arab Spring Fails to Improve U.S. Image Pew Global Attitudes Project: Andrew Kohut, President, Pew Research Center Richard Wike, Associate Director

More information

Little Enthusiasm for Many Muslim Leaders MIXED VIEWS OF HAMAS AND HEZBOLLAH IN LARGELY MUSLIM NATIONS

Little Enthusiasm for Many Muslim Leaders MIXED VIEWS OF HAMAS AND HEZBOLLAH IN LARGELY MUSLIM NATIONS 1615 L Street, N.W., Suite 700 Washington, D.C. 20036 Tel (202) 419-4350 Fax (202) 419-4399 www.pewglobal.org Little Enthusiasm for Many Muslim Leaders MIXED VIEWS OF HAMAS AND HEZBOLLAH IN LARGELY MUSLIM

More information

MC Review Middle East

MC Review Middle East 34 The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is best known for its efforts to (1) develop workable alternatives to fossil fuels (2) bring Western oil technology to the Middle East (3) stop

More information

The History Of The Sunni And Shia Split: Understanding The Divisions Within Islam By Charles River Editors READ ONLINE

The History Of The Sunni And Shia Split: Understanding The Divisions Within Islam By Charles River Editors READ ONLINE The History Of The Sunni And Shia Split: Understanding The Divisions Within Islam By Charles River Editors READ ONLINE The division between Islam's Shiite minority and the Sunni majority is Editor's Note:

More information

What Americans (especially Evangelicals) Think About Israel and the Middle East. Principal Investigator: Shibley Telhami

What Americans (especially Evangelicals) Think About Israel and the Middle East. Principal Investigator: Shibley Telhami What Americans (especially Evangelicals) Think About Israel and the Middle East Principal Investigator: Shibley Telhami A survey sponsored by the Sadat Chair for Peace and Development at the University

More information

Israel in the Middle, Syria, Iran and the Gulf States

Israel in the Middle, Syria, Iran and the Gulf States Israel in the Middle, Syria, Iran and the Gulf States 27. August 2013 um 11:00 Israel in the Middle, Syria, Iran and the Gulf States by Stephen E Hughes 26 Aug. 2013 Iran & Syria s Bashar Hafezal-Assad

More information

Medieval Times in the Modern Middle East

Medieval Times in the Modern Middle East Medieval Times in the Modern Middle East July 5, 2017 As nations fail, nationalism becomes obsolete. Originally produced on June 26, 2017 for Mauldin Economics, LLC By George Friedman and Kamran Bokhari

More information

Iran Iraq War ( ) Causes & Consequences

Iran Iraq War ( ) Causes & Consequences Iran Iraq War (1980 1988) Causes & Consequences In 1980 Saddam Hussein decided to invade Iran. Why? Religion Iran was governed by Muslim clerics (theocracy). By contrast, Iraq was a secular state. The

More information

Position Paper. King Salman s Priorities:

Position Paper. King Salman s Priorities: Position Paper King Salman s Priorities: Revamping Alliances to Stop Iranian expansion This paper was originally written in Arabic by: Al Jazeera Center for Studies Translated into English by: AMEC 29

More information

SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide

SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide #1 Geographically speaking, which country lies between Iraq and Afghanistan? ANSWER Iran lies between Iraq and Afghanistan. #2 The Suez

More information

UNFAVORABLE VIEWS OF JEWS AND MUSLIMS ON THE INCREASE IN EUROPE

UNFAVORABLE VIEWS OF JEWS AND MUSLIMS ON THE INCREASE IN EUROPE 1615 L Street, N.W., Suite 700 Washington, D.C. 20036 Tel (202) 419-4350 Fax (202) 419-4399 www.pewglobal.org FOR RELEASE: WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 2008, 2:00 PM EDT UNFAVORABLE VIEWS OF JEWS AND MUSLIMS

More information

The U.S. Withdrawal and Limited Options

The U.S. Withdrawal and Limited Options Published on STRATFOR (http://www.stratfor.com) Home > The U.S. Withdrawal and Limited Options in Iraq The U.S. Withdrawal and Limited Options in Iraq Created Aug 17 2010-03:56 [1] Not Limited Open Access

More information

Socially Mediated Sectarianism

Socially Mediated Sectarianism Socially Mediated Sectarianism Violence, Elites, and Anti-Shia Hostility in Saudi Arabia Alexandra Siegel, Joshua Tucker, Jonathan Nagler, and Richard Bonneau SMaPP Global October 2016 1 / 13 Crash Course

More information

Syria: Unrest And U.S. Policy By Jeremy M. Sharp

Syria: Unrest And U.S. Policy By Jeremy M. Sharp Syria: Unrest And U.S. Policy By Jeremy M. Sharp If you are looking for a book Syria: Unrest and U.S. Policy by Jeremy M. Sharp in pdf form, then you've come to the faithful website. We furnish full option

More information

Syria s President Assadshould. Date 25 TH DECEMBER 2011 Polling dates 14 TH DECEMBER TH DECEMBER 2011

Syria s President Assadshould. Date 25 TH DECEMBER 2011 Polling dates 14 TH DECEMBER TH DECEMBER 2011 Syria s President Assadshould he resign? Date 25 TH DECEMBER 2011 Polling dates 14 TH DECEMBER 2011 19 TH DECEMBER 2011 METHODOLOGY Methodology The research was conducted using YouGov s regional online

More information

Iran had limited natural resources Water was relatively scarce, and Iran s environment could only support a limited population Because of the heat,

Iran had limited natural resources Water was relatively scarce, and Iran s environment could only support a limited population Because of the heat, Ancient Iran Geography and Resources Iran s location, bounded by mountains, deserts, and the Persian Gulf, left it open to attack from Central Asian nomads The fundamental topographical features included

More information

https://nyti.ms/2siovyo

https://nyti.ms/2siovyo 1 of 7 6/26/17, 3:18 AM https://nyti.ms/2siovyo MIDDLE EAST The Interpreter By MAX FISHER JUNE 13, 2017 The crisis convulsing the Persian Gulf, entangling the United States and now threatening to pull

More information

The Kurds Religion. Free Download Ebook PDF THE KURDS RELIGION with premium access

The Kurds Religion. Free Download Ebook PDF THE KURDS RELIGION with premium access The Kurds Religion [PAPER] Complete List : The Kurds Religion - [EPUB] Available. Free Download Ebook PDF THE KURDS RELIGION with premium access WHO ARE THE KURDS? - BBC NEWS Tue, 21 Oct 2014 15:38:00

More information

Elnur Hasan Mikail, Cavit Emre Aytekin. Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey

Elnur Hasan Mikail, Cavit Emre Aytekin. Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey China-USA Business Review, Sep. 2016, Vol. 15, No. 9, 453-458 doi: 10.17265/1537-1514/2016.09.004 D DAVID PUBLISHING Russia-Saudi Arabia Relations: Geopolitical Rivalry and the Conditions of Pragmatic

More information

Sectarianism after the Arab spring: an exaggerated spectre

Sectarianism after the Arab spring: an exaggerated spectre > > P O L I C Y B R I E F I S S N : 1 9 8 9-2 6 6 7 Nº 131 - JUNE 2012 Sectarianism after the Arab spring: an exaggerated spectre Barah Mikaïl >> Sectarianism has experienced a boost in the aftermath of

More information

Vali Nasr. Military Review May-June 2007

Vali Nasr. Military Review May-June 2007 Vali Nasr Vali Nasr is a professor at the Naval Postgraduate School and an adjunct senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations. He is the author of The Shia Revival: How Conflicts Within Islam Will

More information

Saudi Arabia vs. Iran and the Role of the USA

Saudi Arabia vs. Iran and the Role of the USA Saudi Arabia vs. Iran and the Role of the USA By Jean-Francois Seznec The success of the Geneva talks between the P5+1 and Iran is widely reported as being opposed by Israel and by the Gulf States, especially

More information

Syria's Civil War Explained

Syria's Civil War Explained Syria's Civil War Explained By Al Jazeera on 02.22.17 Word Count 1,002 A displaced Syrian child, fleeing from Deir Ezzor besieged by Islamic State (IS) group fighters, hangs on the back of a woman as she

More information

Most do not expect Syrian war to end in 2018

Most do not expect Syrian war to end in 2018 FOR RELEASE DECEMBER 11, 2017 Key Middle East Publics See Russia, Turkey and U.S. All Playing Larger Roles in Region Most do not expect Syrian war to end in 2018 BY Janell Fetterolf and Jacob Poushter

More information

«The Shiite Marja iyya question» Summary

«The Shiite Marja iyya question» Summary «The Shiite Marja iyya question» Barah Mikaïl, Chercheur à l IRIS Jamil Abou Assi, Halla al-najjar, Assistants de recherche Etude n 2005/096 réalisée pour le compte de la Délégation aux Affaires stratégiques

More information

THE UNITED STATES NAVAL WAR COLLEGE. National Security Affairs Department

THE UNITED STATES NAVAL WAR COLLEGE. National Security Affairs Department THE UNITED STATES NAVAL WAR COLLEGE National Security Affairs Department Theater Security Decision Making Course THE WAR FOR ISLAM by Vali Nasr Reprinted by permission from Foreign Policy, 22 January 2016,

More information

Defeating ISIS: The Real Threats and Challenges

Defeating ISIS: The Real Threats and Challenges Defeating ISIS: The Real Threats and Challenges By Anthony H. Cordesman Working Draft: August 4, 2016 Please provide comments to acordesman@gmail.com Photo: ALI AL-SAADI/AFP/Getty Images Cordesman: Terrorism-Fear

More information

epr atlas 1234 Saudi Arabia

epr atlas 1234 Saudi Arabia epr atlas 1234 Saudi Arabia epr atlas saudi arabia 1235 Ethnicity in Saudi Arabia Group selection The population of Saudi Arabia is mainly Sunni Muslim, and Wahhabism is the official religion of the kingdom.

More information

Synopsis: Terrorism in the Middle East

Synopsis: Terrorism in the Middle East Synopsis: Terrorism in the Middle East Thesis: Terrorism is at its highest in the Middle East, taking into consideration the amount of terror attacks happening in and out of these nations due to the provided

More information

Islam and Christianity Intersections Class - Spring 2017

Islam and Christianity Intersections Class - Spring 2017 Islam and Christianity Intersections Class - Spring 2017 rd April 23 April 30th May 7th May 14th May 21st Course Outline The History of Islam Culture of Islam Islam and Christianity Bridging the Divide

More information

Hezbollah's Growing Threat Against U.S. National Security Interests in the Middle East

Hezbollah's Growing Threat Against U.S. National Security Interests in the Middle East Hezbollah's Growing Threat Against U.S. National Security Interests in the Middle East Prepared Testimony of Daniel Byman Professor and Senior Associate Dean, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service

More information

Introduction: Key Terms/Figures/Groups: OPEC%

Introduction: Key Terms/Figures/Groups: OPEC% Council: Historical Security Council Topic: The Question of the Gulf War Topic Expert: Mina Wageeh Position: Chair Introduction: IraqileaderSaddamHusseinorderedtheinvasionandoccupationofneighboringKuwaitonthe

More information

Island Model United Nations Military Staff Committee. Military Staff Committee Background Guide ISLAND MODEL UNITED NATIONS

Island Model United Nations Military Staff Committee. Military Staff Committee Background Guide ISLAND MODEL UNITED NATIONS Background Guide ISLAND MODEL UNITED NATIONS Dear Delegates, I would like to formally welcome you to the at IMUN 2014. My name is Tyler Pickford and I will be your Director for the duration of the conference.

More information

The Proxy War for and Against ISIS

The Proxy War for and Against ISIS The Proxy War for and Against ISIS Dr Andrew Mumford University of Nottingham @apmumford Summary of talk Assessment of proxy wars Brief history of proxy wars Current trends The proxy war FOR Islamic State

More information

ARAB BAROMETER SURVEY PROJECT YEMEN REPORT

ARAB BAROMETER SURVEY PROJECT YEMEN REPORT ARAB BAROMETER SURVEY PROJECT YEMEN REPORT The Center for Strategic Studies at the University of Jordan supervised a project to measure Arab public opinion in the Republic of Yemen in cooperation with

More information

22.3 The Northeast. Historical Geography. Subregion includes: Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia

22.3 The Northeast. Historical Geography. Subregion includes: Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia 22.3 The Northeast Historical Geography Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia Subregion includes: Culture Ethnicities Turks, Kurds, Persians Languages Religion Muslims in the Middle East War and Refugees Causes

More information

Najam Rafique * * The reviewer is Director Research at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad.

Najam Rafique * * The reviewer is Director Research at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad. Rocky M. Mirza, How the West was Won and Lost: Athenian Democracy to the BRICS: 5 th Century BCE to 2016 (Trafford Publishing, USA & Canada, 2016), 613. Najam Rafique * The Chilcot Report, released on

More information

The Worldviews of the Iraqi Public toward Religion, Politics, Gender, and Coalition Forces: Findings of Values Survey, November-December, 2004

The Worldviews of the Iraqi Public toward Religion, Politics, Gender, and Coalition Forces: Findings of Values Survey, November-December, 2004 The Worldviews of the Iraqi Public toward Religion, Politics, Gender, and Coalition Forces: Findings of Values Survey, November-December, 2004 Mansoor Moaddel (PI) Ronald Inglehart (Co-PI) Mark Tessler

More information

LASALLE COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL

LASALLE COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL LASALLE COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL FRESHMAN SUMMER READING 2012 SOCIAL STUDIES DEPARTMENT BOOK: Children of Jihad by Jared Cohen ISBN: 13: 978-1592403998 During your reading you will be responsible for the following.

More information

Issue Overview: Jihad

Issue Overview: Jihad Issue Overview: Jihad By Bloomberg, adapted by Newsela staff on 10.05.16 Word Count 645 TOP: Members of the Palestinian group Islamic Jihad display weapons while praying before walking through the streets

More information

Deserts. Sahara (North Africa) & Arabian Desert

Deserts. Sahara (North Africa) & Arabian Desert MIDDLE EAST Middle East Climate Deserts Sahara (North Africa) & Arabian Desert Desert Landscape Sand dunes 15% of Sahara Rocky desert 85% of Sahara Areas With Freshwater Areas with Mediterranean Climate

More information

Middle East: Crossroads Of Faith And Conflict

Middle East: Crossroads Of Faith And Conflict Middle East: Crossroads Of Faith And Conflict If you are searched for a ebook Middle East: Crossroads of Faith and Conflict in pdf format, then you have come on to right website. We presented utter option

More information

Untangling the Overlapping Conflicts in the Syrian War

Untangling the Overlapping Conflicts in the Syrian War MIDDLE EAST SHARE Untangling the Overlapping Conflicts in the Syrian War By SERGIO PEÇANHA, SARAH ALMUKHTAR and K.K. REBECCA LAI OCT. 18, 2015 What started as a popular uprising against the Syrian government

More information

The Arab Community in London

The Arab Community in London The Arab Community in London Presented by JOHN HOWARD SOCIETY OF LONDON AND DISTRICT There are 22 Arab countries which are referred to as the Arab World The Arab population is 400 652 486 The majority

More information

THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION

THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION 1 THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION A NEW MIDDLE EAST COLD WAR Doha, Qatar Wednesday, June 12, 2013 2 PARTICIPANTS: Moderator: Panelists: SALMAN SHAIKH Director Brookings Doha Center ANWAR BIN MAJED BIN ANWAR

More information

Institute on Religion and Public Policy Report: Religious Freedom in Kuwait

Institute on Religion and Public Policy Report: Religious Freedom in Kuwait Executive Summary Institute on Religion and Public Policy Report: Religious Freedom in Kuwait (1) The official religion of Kuwait and the inspiration for its Constitution and legal code is Islam. With

More information

Iraq and Anbar: Surge or Separation?

Iraq and Anbar: Surge or Separation? Iraq and Anbar: Surge or Separation? Anthony H. Cordesman It is easy to develop strategies for Iraq, as long as you ignore the uncertainties involved and the facts on the ground. Dealing with the uncertain

More information

Chapter 5 : The shi a in the world

Chapter 5 : The shi a in the world Pubblicata su Books on Islam and Muslims Al-Islam.org (https://www.al-islam.org) Home > Discovering Shi'i Islam > Chapter 5 : The shi a in the world Chapter 5 : The shi a in the world According to UNFPA

More information

CHOSEN FOR WHAT? JEWISH VALUES IN 2012

CHOSEN FOR WHAT? JEWISH VALUES IN 2012 CHOSEN FOR WHAT? JEWISH VALUES IN 12 Findings from the 12 Jewish Values Survey Public Religion Research Institute Analysis by Dr. Robert P. Jones, CEO Daniel Cox, Director of Research About the 12 Jewish

More information

The changing religious profile of Asia: Buddhists, Hindus and Chinese Religionists

The changing religious profile of Asia: Buddhists, Hindus and Chinese Religionists The changing religious profile of Asia: Buddhists, Hindus and Chinese Religionists We have described the changing share and distribution of Christians and Muslims in different parts of Asia in our previous

More information

a war with Lebanon s Hezbollah was just a matter of time and that such a conflict would include Syria, most observers dismissed the comment as little

a war with Lebanon s Hezbollah was just a matter of time and that such a conflict would include Syria, most observers dismissed the comment as little A New Middle East War? Dispatches From the Edge Conn Hallinan 1615 words When Israeli Minister without Portfolio Yossi Peled said recently that a war with Lebanon s Hezbollah was just a matter of time

More information

Iranian Responses to Growing Tensions with Israel and an Initial Assessment of Their Implications from an Iranian Standpoint. Dr.

Iranian Responses to Growing Tensions with Israel and an Initial Assessment of Their Implications from an Iranian Standpoint. Dr. Iranian Responses to Growing Tensions with Israel and an Initial Assessment of Their Implications from an Iranian Standpoint February 11, 2018 Dr. Raz Zimmt Summary of Events The escalation along Israel

More information

Putin s Mission Accomplished Moment in Syria

Putin s Mission Accomplished Moment in Syria Putin s Mission Accomplished Moment in Syria Dec. 20, 2017 In the Middle East, today s successes can be tomorrow s failures. By Jacob L. Shapiro The day was May 1, 2003. Spring was giving way to summer

More information

A World without Islam

A World without Islam A World without Islam By Jim Miles (A World Without Islam. Graham E. Fuller. Little, Brown, and Company, N.Y. 2010.) A title for a book is frequently the set of few words that creates a significant first

More information

PRO/CON: How should the U.S. defeat Islamic State?

PRO/CON: How should the U.S. defeat Islamic State? PRO/CON: How should the U.S. defeat Islamic State? By Tribune News Service, adapted by Newsela staff on 11.30.15 Word Count 1,606 U.S. President Barack Obama (right) shakes hands with French President

More information

Brandon D. Hill Forum: A Christian Perspective on War For Youth Workers Topic: A Christian College Professor Talks about Christians and War

Brandon D. Hill Forum: A Christian Perspective on War For Youth Workers Topic: A Christian College Professor Talks about Christians and War Brandon D. Hill Forum: A Christian Perspective on War For Youth Workers Topic: A Christian College Professor Talks about Christians and War The last few weeks have been hard on most of us. I know that

More information

Iran and Syria Jubin Goodarzi Overview

Iran and Syria Jubin Goodarzi Overview Iran and Syria Jubin Goodarzi Since 1979, the alliance between Syria and Iran has had significant impact in both shaping Middle East politics and thwarting the regional goals of the United States, Israel

More information

America Unravels Iraq: Kurds, Shiites, And Sunni Arabs Compete For Supremacy By Mohammed M. A. Ahmed

America Unravels Iraq: Kurds, Shiites, And Sunni Arabs Compete For Supremacy By Mohammed M. A. Ahmed America Unravels Iraq: Kurds, Shiites, And Sunni Arabs Compete For Supremacy By Mohammed M. A. Ahmed If you are looking for a book by Mohammed M. A. Ahmed America Unravels Iraq: Kurds, Shiites, and Sunni

More information

A Tale of Two Caliphates AQ and its Associated Movement vs. the Islamic State and its Associated Movement William Braniff Executive Director

A Tale of Two Caliphates AQ and its Associated Movement vs. the Islamic State and its Associated Movement William Braniff Executive Director A Tale of Two Caliphates AQ and its Associated Movement vs. the Islamic State and its Associated Movement William Braniff Executive Director This research was supported by the U.S. Department of Homeland

More information

Overview. The Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei, used his annual speech on the occasion of the

Overview. The Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei, used his annual speech on the occasion of the Spotlight on Iran March 18 March 28, 2018 Author: Dr. Raz Zimmt Overview The Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei, used his annual speech on the occasion of the Iranian New Year (Nowruz) to justify, once

More information

A Shake-Up in the Saudi Royal Family

A Shake-Up in the Saudi Royal Family A Shake-Up in the Saudi Royal Family June 22, 2017 The kingdom is resilient, but it has never faced such daunting challenges. By Kamran Bokhari Saudi Arabia is facing a number of serious challenges that

More information

In such a suicide-averse culture as that of the Middle East, where traditionally suicide

In such a suicide-averse culture as that of the Middle East, where traditionally suicide The Arab Spring and Failed Political Legitimacy David Cook In such a suicide-averse culture as that of the Middle East, where traditionally suicide rates have been among the world s lowest, it is odd to

More information

Turkish Hindsite: Muslim Roots, Secular Minds Georgetown Journal of International Affairs (Winter/Spring 2008) [reprinted by permission.

Turkish Hindsite: Muslim Roots, Secular Minds Georgetown Journal of International Affairs (Winter/Spring 2008) [reprinted by permission. Turkish Hindsite: Muslim Roots, Secular Minds Georgetown Journal of International Affairs (Winter/Spring 2008) 127-131 [reprinted by permission.] Review by Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Minaret of Freedom Institute,

More information

History of Islam and the Politics of Terror

History of Islam and the Politics of Terror History of Islam and the Politics of Terror History 4650 2009-2010 Instructor: Marion Boulby Office: Lady Eaton College, S101.1 Tel: 748-1011 (ext.7837) Email: marionboulby@trentu.ca Office hours: Thursday,

More information

April 9, Gog and Magog Chapel Eschatology Class Ezekiel The Coming Invasion of Israel

April 9, Gog and Magog Chapel Eschatology Class Ezekiel The Coming Invasion of Israel April 9, 2017 1 Gog and Magog The Coming Invasion of Israel Today the Middle East is a powder keg surrounded by the fires of war. The civil war in Syria threatens to pull the nations of the world into

More information

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION EUROPEAN PARLIAMT 2009-2014 Plenary sitting 8.10.2013 B7-0451/2013 MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the

More information

BOOK CRITIQUE OF OTTOMAN BROTHERS: MUSLIMS, CHRISTIANS, AND JEWS IN EARLY TWENTIETH-CENTURY PALESTINE BY MICHELLE CAMPOS

BOOK CRITIQUE OF OTTOMAN BROTHERS: MUSLIMS, CHRISTIANS, AND JEWS IN EARLY TWENTIETH-CENTURY PALESTINE BY MICHELLE CAMPOS BOOK CRITIQUE OF OTTOMAN BROTHERS: MUSLIMS, CHRISTIANS, AND JEWS IN EARLY TWENTIETH-CENTURY PALESTINE BY MICHELLE CAMPOS Kristyn Cormier History 357: The Arab-Israeli Conflict Professor Matthews September

More information

Pray for East & Central Asia

Pray for East & Central Asia Pray for East & Central Asia May the God who gives endurance and encouragement give you a spirit of unity among yourselves as you follow Christ Jesus, so that with one heart and mouth you may glorify the

More information

Fighting the Long War-- Military Strategy for the War on Terrorism

Fighting the Long War-- Military Strategy for the War on Terrorism Executive Lecture Forum Radvanyi Chair in International Security Studies Mississippi State University Fighting the Long War-- Military Strategy for the War on Terrorism Rear Admiral Bill Sullivan Vice

More information

Fighting the Long War-- Military Strategy for the War on Terrorism

Fighting the Long War-- Military Strategy for the War on Terrorism Executive Lecture Forum Radvanyi Chair in International Security Studies Mississippi State University Fighting the Long War-- Military Strategy for the War on Terrorism Rear Admiral Bill Sullivan Vice

More information

(Session on Education and Enlightenment- Path to Peace and Creativity)

(Session on Education and Enlightenment- Path to Peace and Creativity) ! OIC/43CFM/2016/REPORT/FINAL Report of the 43 rd Session of the Council of Foreign Ministers (Session on Education and Enlightenment Path to Peace and Creativity) Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan 1718

More information

SAUDI ARABIA. and COUNTERTERRORISM FACT SHEET: FIGHTING AND DEFEATING DAESH MAY 2017

SAUDI ARABIA. and COUNTERTERRORISM FACT SHEET: FIGHTING AND DEFEATING DAESH MAY 2017 SAUDI ARABIA and COUNTERTERRORISM FACT SHEET: FIGHTING AND DEFEATING DAESH MAY 2017 Saudi Arabia is the main target of Daesh (ISIS) and other terror groups because it is the birthplace of Islam and home

More information

THE HONORABLE JANE HARMAN REMARKS NATIONAL CONVERSATION: THE ISLAMISTS ARE COMING: WHO THEY REALLY ARE APRIL 18, 2012

THE HONORABLE JANE HARMAN REMARKS NATIONAL CONVERSATION: THE ISLAMISTS ARE COMING: WHO THEY REALLY ARE APRIL 18, 2012 THE HONORABLE JANE HARMAN REMARKS NATIONAL CONVERSATION: THE ISLAMISTS ARE COMING: WHO THEY REALLY ARE APRIL 18, 2012 Good Morning. I m Jane Harman, President and CEO of the Wilson Center. Welcome to the

More information

Position Papers. Implications of Downed Russian Jet on Turkey-Russia Relations

Position Papers. Implications of Downed Russian Jet on Turkey-Russia Relations Position Papers Implications of Downed Russian Jet on Turkey-Russia Relations Al Jazeera Center for Studies Al Jazeera Center for Studies Tel: +974-44663454 jcforstudies-en@aljazeera.net http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/

More information

President Carter s Cabinet: 1979

President Carter s Cabinet: 1979 President Carter s Cabinet: 1979 SILTMUN III Chair: John Paul Simon Political Officer: John Harlow Vice Chair: Eric Benson Lyons Township High School La Grange, Illinois 1 Welcome Delegates, Welcome to

More information

Raise Your Voice this Christmas for Persecuted Christians

Raise Your Voice this Christmas for Persecuted Christians Raise Your Voice this Christmas for Persecuted Christians Each Month 322 Christians are killed for their faith 214 Churches and Christian properties are destroyed 772 forms of violence are committed against

More information

How the Relationship between Iran and America. Led to the Iranian Revolution

How the Relationship between Iran and America. Led to the Iranian Revolution Page 1 How the Relationship between Iran and America Led to the Iranian Revolution Writer s Name July 13, 2005 G(5) Advanced Academic Writing Page 2 Thesis This paper discusses U.S.-Iranian relationships

More information

EQ: What are the key characteristics of Southwest Asia s major ethnic groups? (AKS #44b)

EQ: What are the key characteristics of Southwest Asia s major ethnic groups? (AKS #44b) EQ: What are the key characteristics of Southwest Asia s major ethnic groups? (AKS #44b) Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group. Explain the diversity of religions within

More information

Iran Sent Them to Syria. Now Afghan Fighters Are a Worry at Home.

Iran Sent Them to Syria. Now Afghan Fighters Are a Worry at Home. Iran Sent Them to Syria. Now Afghan Fighters Are a Worry at Home. The New York Times 2017-11-11 23:05:59 Iran has trained and deployed thousands of Shiite Afghans as shock troops in Syria s sectarian war.

More information

Terrorist Threat Assessment for the Netherlands 45. June 2017

Terrorist Threat Assessment for the Netherlands 45. June 2017 Terrorist Threat Assessment for the Netherlands 45 June 2017 Introduction: The threat level for the Netherlands remains at substantial, level 4 on a scale of 1 to 5. This means that the chance of an attack

More information

ANOTHER VIEWPOINT (AVP_NS84 January 2003) GEORGE BUSH TO SADDAM HUSSEIN: DO AS WE SAY, NOT AS WE DO! Elias H. Tuma

ANOTHER VIEWPOINT (AVP_NS84 January 2003) GEORGE BUSH TO SADDAM HUSSEIN: DO AS WE SAY, NOT AS WE DO! Elias H. Tuma ANOTHER VIEWPOINT (AVP_NS84 January 2003) GEORGE BUSH TO SADDAM HUSSEIN: DO AS WE SAY, NOT AS WE DO! Elias H. Tuma That is the message of President Bush to President Saddam Hussein, for what is permissible

More information

International Terrorism and ISIS

International Terrorism and ISIS International Terrorism and ISIS Hussain Al-Shahristani 17th Castiglioncello Conference, Italy, 22-24 Sept 2017 Good afternoon It is a great pleasure to be here with you in this beautiful part of Italy

More information

30.4 NATIONALISM IN INDIA AND SOUTHWEST ASIA

30.4 NATIONALISM IN INDIA AND SOUTHWEST ASIA flag if India (right) flags of Turkey, Iran, and Saudi Arabia (below) 30.4 NATIONALISM IN INDIA AND SOUTHWEST ASIA INDIAN NATIONALISM GROWS Two groups rid India of foreign rule: Indian National Congress

More information