GUIDE TO THE. Kramats OF THE WESTERN CAPE. Published by the Cape Mazaar (Kramat) Society

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1 GUIDE TO THE Krmts OF THE WESTERN CAPE Published by the Cpe Mzr (Krmt) Society 1

2 All rights reserved Copyright Cpe Mzr (Krmt) Society First published 1996 Second impression 2001 Third impression 2010 Editor : Mnsoor Jffer Sub-Editor : Rzi Essck Design & Illustrtions : Abdullh Amien DTP Repro : Mogmt Fiez Mrtin History of the Krmts : Achmt Dvids Photogrphy : Mohmed Amien Dhnsy Munower Ali Bnderker Nzier Bnderker Printing nd Binding : F A Print cc Publiction Committee Khleel Ahmed Allie Mohmed Akkil Brey Munower Ali Bnderker Ismil Dlvie Sleh Khn Dlwi Mohmed Amien Dhnsy Abdul Hmied Dhnsy Mohmed Iqbl Dhnsy Cssiem Foflonker Mhmood Limbd Whilst every cre hs been tken in the compiltion of this booklet, we suggest tht you do not ct solely on mteril contined herein s the nture of the informtion contined is generl nd my in certin circumstnces be subject to misinterprettion The Publiction Committee hs tried to the best of our bility to produce this booklet. If we hve erred, plese forgive us nd mke Du the Almighty Allh forgive our shortcomings nd ccept our efforts, Insh Allh. The views nd opinions expressed in the publiction do not necessrily reflect those of the editoril tem, the Publiction Committee or the publishers. ISBN Contents Pge Foreword Messge from the MJC Messge from Hbibi Soofie Msjid A word from Cptour The Cpe Mzr (Krmt) Society Life President s Messge Historicl Bckground Etiquette of visiting Mzr (Krmt) Robben Islnd: Tun Mtrh (Syed Abdurhmn Motur) Fure: Sheikh Yusuf Simonstown: Tun De Kos nd Tun Ismil De Mlel Muizenberg: Syed Abdul Aziz Klein Constnti: Sheikh Abdurhmn Mtebe Shh Constnti (Summit Rd): Syed Mhmud Constnti Forest: Sheikh Abdul Mutlib Oudekrl: Sheikh Noorul Mubeen Mp of the Cpe Peninsul Bkoven: Syed Jffer Cmps By (Hely Hutchinson Rod): Sheikh Ali (syed Bssier) Signl Hill (Ridge): Sheikh Mohmed Hssen Ghibie Shh Signl Hill (Army cmp): Tun Kpe-ti-low

3 13 Bo-Kp (Tn Bru): Tun Guru Bo-Kp (Tn Bru): Tun Syeed Alwie Bo-Kp (Tn Bru): Tun Nurumn Vredehoek: Syed Abdul Mlik Deer Prk: Syed Abdul Hq Mowbry (cemetry): Syed Moegsien bin Alwie l Aidrus nd Sheikh Abdurhmn ibn Muhmmd l Irqi De Wl Drive: Sheikh Abdul Kder (Biesmillh Shh Bw) Athlone (College): Mouln bdul Ltief Rwsonville (Worcester): Tun Msud Cledon (Overberg): Syed Abdul Kder Binskloof (Wellington): Sheikh Suleimn The History of The Cpe Mzr (Krmt) Society Glossry Index nd loction mp of krmts Errt: 1. In the first edition, the sint buried t Simonstown ws incorrectly titled s Syyid Mus nd Sheikh Suleimn/Abdul Smd. This hs now been corrected s Tun De Kos nd Tun Ismil De Mlel. 2. Bsed on new reserch, the chpter referring to Syed Moegsien bin Alwie nd Sheikh Abdurhmn ibn Muhmmd l Irqi hs lso been updted to include the new informtion. Foreword The Western Cpe hs become or is destined to become the tourist cpitl of South Afric. The expected influx of interntionl nd locl visitors to these prts hs mde the different segments of the tourist industry shift into top ger. The Cpe Mzr (Krmt) Society, in keeping with these trends, hs produced this booklet of The Western Cpe, which to dte is the only work of its kind. This booklet hs been long overdue nd will prove to be indispensible to the more mture nd serious visitor to the Krmts of the Western Cpe. Most visitors re t loss concerning the nmes or even the most bsic fcts bout the Sints buried t these Krmts. For genertions, residents of Cpe Town nd its environs hve been visiting these shrines. Since erly times, trditions regrding the history of these Sints, hve been pssed down mostly by word of mouth. This we gree, is not the most relible wy to record history for posterity. Mny people hve set ides nd beliefs bout individul Krmts nd my therefore find the informtion in these pges rther surprising or to sy the lest, different. However, it is not the purpose of this booklet to confuse, but rther to ssist the Krmt visitor. Mny reder, including Muslims, my find words in the text of the booklet which re not fimilir. They re of Indonesin, Mlysin nd Indin origin. A glossry of these terms hve been included. Moreover, visitors to the Krmts re representtives of ll the different fiths. This booklet hs therefore been designed to fford one n insight into this long estblished culture. The sources from which informtion hs been extrcted re numerous. The most noteworthy being Mr. Achmt Dvids, regrded by mny s the doyen of Cpe historins. He hs done extensive nd invluble reserch in this field nd is generlly ccepted s relible. This booklet should prove informtive nd enjoyble to the discerning reder nd would not be out of plce on librry shelf. 4 5

4 Messge from the MJC Messge from Hbibi Soofie Msjid The Muslim Judicil Council South Afric (MJC SA) hereby wishes to plce on record its undivided support for the sterling work done by the Cpe Mzr Society over the pst 30 yers. The inititive tken by the Cpe Mzr Society to embrk upon preserving the history nd legcy of Muslims t the Cpe is without doubt commendble, dmirble nd priseworthy. The Muslim Judicil Council South Afric (MJC SA) fully endorses the lunch of the third edition of the book of the Western Cpe. This book preserves the identity of Muslims nd unveils the outstnding contributions of our pious predecessors in preserving Islm in the Western Cpe. Since the first circultion of the book in 1996, the demnd for it hs incresed mongst the South Africns nd the interntionl visitors. This informtive compiltion testifies to n unrecorded history of Muslims t the Southern tip of Afric. Asslmu Alikum Wrhmtullhi W Brktu It is with gret joy nd hppiness tht we wish to compliment you for undertking the inititive to publish book which will serve s guide for visitors of the vrious mzrs in the Western Cpe. Such book hs been long overdue nd we hope nd pry tht your endevour will serve the purpose tht it ws intended for. These shrines (mzrs) re the resting plces of the pioneers of the muslim community in South Afric nd our children re in need of such book which will keep them informed of these beloved ones of Allh. We hope nd pry tht this book will be printed soon nd hope the muslim community will support you in this noble effort. We pry tht the Cpe Mzr Society is successful in ll their future endevors nd continue to serve ssiduously the Muslim community in South Afric. Yours in Islm Ml. I. Hendricks PRESIDENT of the Muslim Judicil Council South Afric Mouln Qutboodien Kgee 6 7

5 A word from CAPTOUR Cptour, the Tourism Authority for the Greter Cpe Town Metropolitn re, congrtultes you on the publiction of this guide. There is no doubt tht the publiction of this Guide fulfils n importnt need in the culturl life of Greter Cpe Town nd its Tourism Industry. The contribution of the Muslim Community of Cpe Town to the history nd trditions of our City hs been enormous since the dys of the erly Cpe Settlement in the 17th Century. This contribution continues to be vitl one tody. Indeed, the socil nd culturl uniqueness of Cpe Town is lrgely due to the importnt role plyed by the Muslim people through the centuries. We re thrilled tht this publiction will ply its prt in informing nd educting locl residents nd visitors to our City on the existence nd importnce of the holy shrines in the Greter Cpe Town re. We hope tht by mens of this Guide, Cpetonins nd visitors will be encourged to visit ech shrine, to lern of the wonderful nd fscinting history of the socil nd spiritul contribution of the locl Muslim Community to Cpe Town life nd t the sme time to derive inspirtion nd upliftment through such visits. Cpe Mzr (Krmt) Society Life President s Messge I greet you with the universl greeting of pece nd goodwill on behlf of the Cpe Mzr(Krmt) Society. I hve been their President since inception in 1982, nd hve recently been mde Life President. Over the yers they hve done me proud in their chievements. In every Society, inevitbly, there re sceptics nd we were not short of our shre. However, they hve been silenced or won over by the sheer committment of these diligent workers. They hve lwys delivered on their promises. From the Krmt on Robben Islnd to those in Constnti nd elsewhere one cn see the fruits of their hrd work. These renovted shrines of the Sints ber testimony to me sincere pursuit of the ims nd objectives they hve set for themselves in their constitution. This book, THE GUIDE TO THE KRAMATS IN THE WESTERN CAPE is mjor ccomplishment nd should be luded ccordingly. I wish this venture every success s it so rightly deserves. The successes of the Society re lrgely due to public generosity nd I pry tht this co - opertion nd mutul trust continues forever. I conclude by wishing the Cpe Mzr ( Krmt ) Society every success in their future. Gordon R Oliver Chief Executive Hdjie ismil Sydow 8 9

6 Historicl Bckground The erly history of the Cpe cnnot be neglected for it is here tht locl Muslims hve their roots. Historicl reserch shows tht wht trnspired during the 17th century t the Cpe involved not only the Mlys, but lso lrge numbers of Indins, Jvnese, Benglese, nd even Arbins. In fct, there were more Indins brought to the Cpe thn ny other ntionlity. Therefore, be we Mlys or Indins, our history originted here nd cnnot be ignored. Firstly, we must look t events in the Est which led to Muslims being brought to the Cpe. There ws power struggle between the Dutch nd the Portuguese for supremcy of the ses. These two powers were competing to plunder nd loot s much s possible. In order to do so, they built up lrge nvl cpcity in the Asitic se. The trget centres were plces like Bomby, Go, Cochin, the Cormndel Cost nd Bengl in Indi, Columbo nd Glle in Ceylon, Medn nd Pdng in Sumtr, Ptni in Mlsc, Btvi nd Bli in Jv, s well s smller islnds like Mcssr, Rotti, Timor, Ternte, Tidore nd others. Very soon, the inhbitnts begn to resist nd united to form defences ginst the imperilist tyrnny. The men to led the people were of high clibre; men of gret spiritul intellect who commnded gret del of respect from the communities. They were however cunningly cptured, nd together with their followers, bnished to the Cpe. In the mentime, Jn vn Riebeeck, hd his own peculir problem in the Cpe. His pln ws to estblish Dutch grrison here to defend the se route to the Est, but ll ws not going well. He hd hoped tht the cpture of the locl Hottentot popultion would dequtely serve his lbour force requirements. This proved difficult s the Hottentots soon fled to the interior. Those cptured were too lzy to work. Vn Riebeeck wrote to the Dutch Council in the Est (VOC) to pled for slves. The slves would be used for the hrd lbour, in ddition to which they could be mde to crry stones, build the Fort, mke bricks, dig, plough, sow, plnt nd construct homes. They would lso be used to work the slt mines nd club sels. This mrked the beginning of the Muslim community in the Cpe. The Dutch rrived s conquerors nd slve-msters, nd the Muslims rrived s conquered slves. Some historins hve different view: The slves rrived here with chins round their necks, leg-irons nd hnd-cuffs on their wrists, but their minds could not be chined. These very slves were the leders of resistnce ginst the Dutch colonilists nd exploiters in the Fr Est. These slves did not hve experi- ences in bttles, but they brought with them supr-ntionl ideology of libertion... the ideology of ISLAM. It is sid tht 250 yers go prophecy ws mde tht there would be circle of Islm round the Cpe. According to locl beliefs the circle is complete, comprising the tombs of sints nd uliyh (friends of Allh) who were brought s slves to the Cpe. It strts t the old cemetry on the slopes of Signl Hill, just bove the qurry in Strnd Street, where two sintly men lie buried, the circle continues to two grves on the top of Signl Hill. The circle then continues t grve much revered, situted bove Oude Krl beyond Cmps By, nd sweeps round the mountin to Krmt t Constnti, on the Toki Rod. The circle proceeds to the most importnt nd widely known of ll tombs, the Krmt of Sheikh Yusuf t Fure, on the frm Zndvliet. The circle is completed by n old tomb on Robben Islnd. Modern pilgrims cn visit ll, except the Islnd Tomb, in single dy

7 Etiquette of visiting Mzr or Krmt Sheikh Abdul Kder de wl drive Wli. One should stnd or sit respectfully t the grveside fcing the Wli. One should void loud nd unnecessry converstions nd worldly indulgence. One should recite the Holy Qurn; even the smllest surh, Durood Shreef, nd indulge in Zikr-ul-lh etc. One should mke du to Allh with the Wseel of the Auliyh fter Esle-e-Swb. When I mke someone my beloved then I become his ers by which he hers, his eyes by which he sees, his hnds by which he holds nd his feet by which he wlks. (Hdith Qudsi). When person reches the stge of Wilyet, then he becomes the Beloved of Allh nd everything he does is done through the power of Allh. A person with such gret sttus is clled Wli-Allh. When the Auliyh physiclly deprt from this erth, then their sttus is still upheld. The grve of Wli is unlike tht of n ordinry person. Their bodies do not decy or perish, but remin intct nd fresh. The Holy Prophet (SAW) hs sid: The bodies of the Ambiyh nd Auliyh remin intct in their grves. Furthermore, the mercy nd blessing of Allh continuously descends on them. In order to distinguish the grve of Wli-Allh from the ordinry person s grve, nd lso s sign of recognition, Chdr or Ghilf is plced on their grves. It is spiritully beneficil to visit the Mzrs of the Auliyh nd prtke in their remembrnce. In hdith of the Prophet (SAW) it hs been reported tht, When the beloved of Allh re discussed, bundnt nd intense mercy of Allh descends on ll those present. This is becuse Allh loves His Auliyh, thus He loves the discussion of the Auliyh. This discussion cn be upheld in vrious wys; which include; reding book on their life histories, struggles, striving in the pth of Allh, emulting their exmples nd ptterns of thinking, lerning to uphold the Sunnh s prctised by Auliyh, lecturing to n udience nd informing them bout the life history of prticulr wli or other Auliyh. As the mercy nd blessings of Allh descend with the remembrnce of the Auliyh, likewise the blessings of Allh descend t the grves of the Auliyh. One should mintin utmost respect when visiting the tomb of Wli. Shoes should be removed. One should be in stte of thrh nd wudhu. It is prohibited to sit on, len ginst or put your feet on grve. No other intention must exist in one s mind beside intending to derive spiritul benefit from the This Qurn is over 300 yers old nd ws hndwritten by the gret-gret-grndfther of Hzrth Sufi Sib (r.), who founded numerous Islmic institutions nd mosques in South Afric

8 Robben Islnd Tun Mtrh ROBBEN ISLAND 1 Syed Abdurghmn Motur Tun Mtrh difficulties. There re mny legends ssocited with him. He ws known for his wonder cures nd the comfort he brought his fellow prisoners when they were ill. Probbly the most striking legend is tht the islnd ws too smll to hold him. He could come nd go s he plesed, without being detected by the prison wrders. Legend hs it tht he wlked cross the wter to visit his friends in Cpe Town. Tun Mtrh died on Robben islnd. Upon his deth, his grve soon becme respected shrine. Here those who knew him cme to meditte nd seek consoltion for their suffering. Their exmple ws followed by other prisoners who rrived fter his deth. On their relese, they tlked extensively bout the holy mn who lies buried on Robben Islnd. Robben Islnd first gined notoriety s prison for estern politicl exiles, sultns, spiritulists, convicts nd slves. It is s reminder of the injustices nd the illtretment fforded these prisoners tht Krmt is to be found on the islnd. The estern politicl exiles nd convicts re truly the pioneers of Islm in this country; nd thus Robben Islnd becomes very much prt of the history of the Muslims in South Afric. The shrine on Robben Islnd, is symbol of the struggle for the estblishment of Islm. To them it ws lso n indiction of the wonder of Islm. It is n expression of Islm s power, hving survived ll kinds of restrictions, prejudices, imprisonment nd oppression in lnd clled the firest Cpe on the circumference of the erth. Ironiclly, this shrine ws constructed by the Aprtheid Prison uthorities in the 1960s. TUAN MATARAH Tun Mtrh lso known s Syed Abdurghmn Motur ws reputed to hve been very lerned nd religious mn. He spred the messge of Islm nd consoled those experiencing 14 15

9 Fure Krmt Sheikh Yusuf FAURE 2 Sheikh Yusuf Tun Yusuf During the resistnce ginst the Dutch, mny people died of strvtion rther thn surrender. It ws not long before Sultn Ageng himself ws cptured. Sheikh Yusuf nd Purby gin escped nd continued their resistnce. In September 1683, fter fierce bttle in which the Sheikh ws wounded, he gin mnged to escpe nd fled to Cheribon en route to Mcssr. They were overtken by Lieutennt Eijgel nd completely routed. The wounded Sheikh Yusuf gin escped nd sought refuge in little villge. He lived there in complete destitution, fering betryl. By then, his compny hd been reduced to totl of 24, consisting minly of priests nd four women. Sheikh Yusuf ws born t Mcssr in He ws lso known s Abdin Tdi Tjoessoep. He ws of noble birth, mternl nephew of King Biset of Go. He studied in Arbi under the tutelge of severl pious techers. The cpture of Mcssr by the Dutch, mde it impossible for Sheikh Yusuf to return to his ntive lnd. Thus, when he left Jiddh in 1664 he did not sil to Go, but to Bnten in Western Jv. Sheikh Yusuf ws never to see Go nd Mcssr gin. Sultn Ageng of Bnten offered the Sheikh his dughter s hnd in mrrige, nd ppointed him Chief Religious Judge nd his personl dvisor. In 1680, revolution heded by Pngern Hji, Sultn Ageng s son broke out in Bnten. This revolution ws probbly engineered by the Dutch. By 1683 Sultn Ageng hd rllied enough support nd besieged Pngern Hji in his fortress t Soerdesoeng. The ltter ppeled to the Dutch t Btvi for ssistnce. The Dutch welcomed this opportunity. Sultn Ageng ws defeted but mnged to escpe with prty of 5000 of which 1300 were soldiers. Among them ws the 57 yer old Sheikh Yusuf nd the Sultn s two sons, Purby nd Kidul

10 Fure Krmt Simon s Town Tun Yusuf 3 Tun De Kos Tun Ismil De Mlel Sheikh Yusuf ws eventully persuded to surrender on promise of prdon in The Dutch never fulfilled their promise nd he ws incrcerted in the cstle of Btvi. At Btvi he ws treted kindly. The Dutch however suspected tht he would ttempt to escpe, nd in September 1684 he ws trnsferred under gurd to the cstle in Colombo, Ceylon. While he ws detined in Ceylon, requests from the King of Go were received for his relese, on the grounds tht his holy presence nd religious guidnce were needed. By then, Sheikh Yusuf ws regrded s Krmt - Sint - for his noble resistnce. The requests mde by the King of Go were refused, nd the Dutch, fering tht ttempts would be mde to rescue him, trnsferred Sheikh Yusuf to the Cpe of Good Hope on 27 June The voyge to the Cpe ws not without mysterious events. En route the fresh wter supply becme depleted nd being fr wy from lnd, this cused deep concern. When Sheikh Yusuf cme to her of this, he merely put his foot in the se, nd told the men to let down the csks in tht spot. When they pulled up the csks, they discovered, to their mzement, tht the wter ws fresh nd perfectly good to drink. It could hve been tht the Sheikh knew tht they were ner one of the fresh wter currents of the cost of Ntl. If so, it clerly displys the extent of his exceptionl knowledge. Nevertheless, the legend lives on in the orl history of the community nd is relted with gret pride by those who believe in his mysticl powers. When Sheikh Yusuf rrived t the Cpe, on the Voetboeg, he ws roylly welcomed by Governor Simon vn der Stel. His Indonesin bckground necessitted tht he nd his 49 followers be settled well wy from Cpe Town. They were housed on the Frm Zndvliet, ner the mouth of the Eerste River, in the generl re now clled Mcssr. He received n llownce of 12 rix dollrs from the Cpe Authorities for support of himself nd his prty. At Zndvliet, Sheikh Yusuf s settlement soon becme snctury for fugitive slves. It ws here tht the first cohesive Muslim Community in S.A. ws estblished. This first settlement of Muslims in South Afric ws vibrnt one, despite its isoltion. It ws from here tht the messge of Islm ws disseminted to the slve community living in Cpe Town. When Sheikh Yusuf died on 23 My 1699, he ws buried on the hill overlooking Mcssr t Fure. A shrine ws constructed over his grve. Over the yers this shrine hs been rebuilt nd renewed. Tody it remins plce of pilgrimge. For hundreds of yers, residents of Simonstown hd known of the existence of two holy shrines situted just bove Runcimn s Drive. There in forest clering bove Goede Gift, people from fr nd wide cme to py their respects. In the erly yers of Simonstown, the community ws smll nd concentrted one ll living within the immedite proximity of the two shrines. While the precise identity of these Auliyh could never be verified, regulr visitors hve been unnimous in their opinion tht buried in these grves re indeed the friends of Allh. Typicl of ll Krmts, the re hs lwys been enveloped in n ur of clm nd trnquility. An mbience heightened by the sound of full strem running long the length of the shrines nd down to the mosque where it collects to form smll pool. Mny hve tried to solve the mystery surrounding the true identity of the Auliyh buried here. Orl history pssed down from genertion to genertion hs shown little devition over the yers. Close fmily members lwys remember being told never to forget their royl heritge their ncestors prince nd princesses of the court

11 Simon s Town Tun De Kos nd Tun Ismil De Mlel SIMON s TOWN Tun De Kos nd & Tun Ismil De Mlel It ws only erlier this century tht trnsltion of kitb, pssed from genertion to genertion, reveled with ny definite certinty the identity of the Auliyh buried here. Written in ncient Sumbwnese, the kitb identifies these Auliyh s Imm Abdul Krriem bin Imm Jlil bin Imm Ismil of Sumbw in Indonesi. (k Tun Ismil De Mlel nd Tun De Kos). In 1969, second prt of the mystery ws put to rest by UCT student, certin Mr Muller who conducted his theses on the Muslim community in Cpe Town, nd specificlly this re in Simonstown. His reserch findings reveled wht orl history hd climed for centuries tht Tun Ismil De Mlel nd his son, Tun De Kos re of royl descent. His reserch cites the Kitb s the most vluble piece of evidence linking the fmilies of the De royl fmily in Pemngong, Sumbw, Indonesi nd Sultn Khruddin to the De royl fmily in Simonstown. A combintion of reserch nd Kitb reveled fmily tree tht stretched to Sumbw, Jv. Like so mny men of his time, Tun Ismil De Mlel ws brought to these shores in 1779 s politicl exile. Strngely, his birthplce in Pemngong nd Simonstown hs similr demogrphic nd other fetures. Both villges hve the following: While Simonstown is home to Tun Ismil De Mlel nd his son, the Krmt in Pemngong is home to tht of his grndfther; In both instnces the Krmts re remrkbly situted ner strem; on hill; short distnce from mosque; surrounded by smll but thriving Muslim community; well protected from the elements by trees nd history recorded in kitbs written in the Sumbwnese lnguge. Additionlly, both Krmts re surrounded by stories of inexplicble spiritul hppenings. The most often retold, tht of severe fire in the 1940 s tht rored cross the mountin rnges destroying everything in its wke. Mirculously, the fire lepfrogged the re of the buril sites burning its wy round the shrines. On every occsion veldt fire hs swooped through the re since then, the shrines hve been left completely unscthed. This singulr phenomenon is sid to be more thn enough evidence tht the persons buried t these shrines re indeed of gret spiritul ncestry. Appliction to hve the holy sites declred Ntionl Monuments is t present being processed by the Ntionl Monuments Council

12 Muizenberg Constnti 4 Syed Abdul Aziz 5 Sheikh Abdurhmn Mtebe Shh The prescence of runwy slves in the Flse By re erly in the seventeenth century probbly explins the presence of krmts in Muizenberg nd Simonstown. Very little is known bout the krmt in Muizenberg. An orl source reltes tht this uliyh s grve ws originlly situted on the Muizenberg bech front. The grve ws discovered by ldy who ws directed to it in drem. The grve did not remin here long. After time it ws relocted. There is no clrity bout his nme nd his history is completely unknown. Ws he possibly one of the runwy slves of the Steenbergen mine who were hunted on the Flse By cost s reported by Simon vn der Stel in 1687? F On the 24th Jnury 1667, the ship the Polsbroek left Btvi nd rrived t the Cpe on the 13th of My 1668, with three prisoners in chins. They were Mlys from the West Cost of Sumtr, brought here fter their defet t the Cstle of Soeroesng in One of them ws incrcerted on Robben Islnd, while the other two were sent to the Compny s forest t Constnti. Sheikh Abdurhmn Mtebe Shh, the lst of the Mlccn Sultns, ws one of the two. He ws regrded s Orng Cyen, title which mens mn of power nd influence ; nd viewed s prticulrly dngerous to the interest of the Compny. The Mlccn Sultnte, from which the men cme, ws founded by the Sumtrin prince, Megt Isknder Shh during the fifteenth century. Megt Isknder Shh, ws refugee prince, who fter seeking protection from the Chinese, mde contct with the 22 23

13 Constnti Sheikh Abdurhmn Mtebe Shh Constnti Sheikh Abdurhmn Mtebe Shh Muslim Arb trders who were then ppering in South-Est Asi. He dopted Islm, under which bnner he embrked on n extensive militry cmpign in the Indonesin islnds nd estblished the first notble Mlysin Empire. By the end of the fifteenth century, Mlcc ws not only the gretest militry power in the Mlysin peninsul, but lso the centre for trde nd Islmic missionry ctivity. The res in which the Mlccn Sultnte hd estblished its influence, presented the strongest resistnce to Portuguese imperilism. Despite this, the entire Mlccn Empire ws grdully cptured, nd by 1511 only the city of Mlcc nd some strongholds in Sumtr remined. The rrivl of the Dutch, compounded the problems of the Sultnte. This did not stop Mlcc from encourging rebellion in the res cptured by the Dutch,. The Dutch ttcked nd subsequently cptured the City in But Mlccn resistnce continued. They still held the fortress t Soeroesng from which they lunched spordic ttcks on the Dutch. During these ttcks the brvery of the young Sultn, Sheikh Abdurhmn Mtebe Shh, ws recognised by his followers, who sw him s Sint, leding them in Holy Wr ginst the enemies of Islm. In 1661, the Dutch decided to ttck Soeroesng, but the cpture of the fortress ws effectively verted. Another ttck followed in 1667, nd fter fierce bttle, Soeroesng fell. The Sultn, Sheikh Abdurhmn Mtebe Shh, nd his two religious dvisors, were cptured. His execution would hve mde him mrtyr, nd thus n inspirtion to his people to continue the wr. The three were thus bnished to the Cpe becoming the first politicl exiles here. Orl history reltes tht Sheikh Abdurhmn Mtebe Shh, soon befriended the slve popultion he met t Constnti, teching them the religion of Islm. He died here in either 1682 or 1685, nd ws buried on the spot, ner the river, where he took his blutions, meditted nd sid his pryers. His shrine is t the gtewy to Klein Constnti. It ws contined in wooden shck quintly situted mongst the trees, djcent to strem of running wter. Visiting the shrine ws unique experience. One felt s if one ws in the living presence of history, stnding in scred spot filled with spiritulism. The plce hd serene tmosphere, with the trnquility sweetly broken by the running wter nd the chirping of birds. The crmped little shck, with its smll window nd grve inside ws wonderful plce. But the old building becme dilpidted nd new structure ws creted. In the process some of the trees were scrificed. A beutiful edifice, designed by one of Cpe Town s leding rchitects, Gwie Fgn, nd constructed by the Cpe Mzr(Krmt) Society

14 Constnti Syed Mhmud Constnti 6 Syed Mhmud This description in terms of the Records of the Cpe Archives pper to be correct. It illustrtes, however, the beginning of the policy of isolting influentil politicl exiles from the slve popultion. This policy persisted throughout Dutch rule of the Cpe of Good Hope nd hd severe implictions for the spred of Islm in the Cpe Colony. The Shrine is situted some distnce from the rod on Islm Hill in Groot Constnti nd hs beuty ll of its own. The need to wlk up the hill fills you with desire to py your respects to this noble sint in his mjestic court. Syed Mhmud ws spiritul nd religious leder of the Mlccn Empire. He ws one of the religious dvisors cptured with Sheikh Abdurhmn Mtebe Shh. He ws lso bnished to Constnti in the Cpe where the following inscription on his shrine on Islm Hill, Constnti ppers: On 24 Jnury 1667, the ship the Polsbroek left Btvi nd rrived here on 13 My 1668 with three politicl prisoners in chins. Mlys of the West Cost of Sumtr, who were bnished to the Cpe until further orders on the understnding tht they would eventully be relesed. They were rulers Orng Cyen, men of welth nd influence. Gret cre hd to be tken tht they were not left t lrge s they were likely to do injury to the Compny. Two were sent to the Compny s forest nd one to Robben Islnd

15 Constnti Forest Oudekrl 7 Sheikh Abdul Mutlib 8 Sheikh Noorul Mubeen The shrines of the Orng Cyen of Constnti, though the most prominent, re not the only grves of Auliyh to be found in Constnti. In 1972 nother grve ws found. The grve ws identified by woodcutters working in Constnti. Strnge things hppened to their donkeys nd their crts, especilly t bout one o clock on Fridy fternoons. There ws this specil spot over which their nimls refused to go. Some spiritulists were consulted nd they confirmed tht krmt lies buried t tht spot. The Orng Cyen of 1667 were not the only politicl exiles sent to the Compny s forest in Constnti. During Compny rule mny politicl prisoners of high stnding were exiled to the Cpe. They were usully plced t the more remote post to prevent them from hving contct with the mjority of the slves. Mny were sent to work in this forest where they lter died. One of them possibly lies buried t this grve. Of the three prominent Auliyh buried on the hills fcing the Atlntic sebord, the one nerest to Oudekrl, ppers to be the better known. The mn buried there is Sheikh Noorul Mubeen. His grve is reched by scending the 99 steps leding to it from Victori Rod up the mountin slope. The tomb, simple, recently renovted building, stnds beside strem. On the other side of this strem is nother set of steps leding to nother grve higher up. Some believe the wife of Sheikh Noorul Mubeen lies buried here while others believe it is one of his followers. This grve too is fforded the respects of holy personge. Sheikh Noorul Mubeen ws pprently bnished to the Cpe in 1716 nd incrcerted on Robben Islnd. According to populr legend he escped from Robben Islnd by unknown mens nd cme to mke his home in this desolte spot. Soon he mde contct with the slves on the esttes in this re, teching them, minly t night, the religion of Islm. When he died, 28 29

16 Oudekrl Sheikh Noorul Mubeen OUDEKRAAL Sheikh Noorul Mubeen His mountinside refuge, side from llowing him to esily detect dnger, gve him mgnificent vntge point from which he could see the towering peks of the Twelve Apostles nd the quiet dignity of Lions Hed. An lterntive version is tht he did not swim, but wlked, cross the Atlntic Ocen from Robben Islnd to the minlnd. A present dy legend tells of spirit on horsebck from Robben Islnd who still comes to tke lessons from his techer. He is seen, so they sy, t bout middy on white horse coming cross the ocen from Robben Islnd. Those who visit the grve of Sheikh Noorul Mubeen find there quiet serenity, n idel spot for medittion, wy from the rigours of urbn life. he ws buried on the site where he hd most frequently red his pryers. After time, wood nd iron structure ws erected round the grve, cting s the first tomb. In second legend, it is climed tht he swm from Robben Islnd, cross the Atlntic Ocen nd mde good his escpe. His tired body ws discovered by slve fishermen. They nursed him to helth nd hid him on the mountin side, providing him with ll his requirements. The fishermen soon discovered he ws holy mn nd strted to tke lessons from him. Sheikh Noorul Mubeen becme their Imm nd counselled them in their moments of difficulties

17 KRAMATS OF THE WESTERN CAPE

18 Bkoven Cmps By Hely Hutchinson Rod 9 Syed Jffer 10 Sheikh Ali Syed Bssier See pge 29 for loction mp. Syed Jffer s grve cn be reched by few steps leding off Victori Rod, just pst the Bkoven bus terminus. These steps led to n esy pthwy virtully next to the jeep trck on the mountin slope. There re t lest four known grves in this re nd numerous others. The first of these grves, right on the footpth, is the grve of Syed Alie, disciple of Syed Jffer. The grve of Syed Jffer lies in rvine which could be reched by smll pthwy leding from the grve of Syed Alie. Further up in the sme rvine one finds third grve, sid to be the buril plce of the wife of Syed Jffer. Wlking in the direction towrds Bkoven pst the grve of Syed Alie one finds zig-zg footwy leding to the fourth grve of Sheikh Muhmmd Zid. The grve of Syed Jffer is simple one. It is rised in the centre of concrete pltform, the floor of the min structure of the originl tomb. The tomb itself ws wshed wy by flood wters during severe storm in the erly 1970 s. Its loction suggests it must be in constnt peril of being wshed wy during Cpe winter storms. Tht the grve continues to withstnd the severity of the Cpe winters, fter the protecting structure of the tomb ws destroyed, remins inexplicble. It is climed tht Syed Jffer ws bnished to the Cpe of Good Hope by the Dutch Est Indi Compny. He ws Sheikh of the Alwih Triq; His grve ws only discovered t the end of the nineteenth century. Along the Signl Hill Ridge, but towrds Cmps By on the Cmps By Drive side, lies the grve of the lesser known Sheikh Ali lso known s Syed Bssier. This grve, from orl ccounts, ppers to be recent discovery. Nothing is known of the history of Sheikh Ali. However, legend reltes tht stone mson, in serch of specil rocks long the mountinside, stumbled cross fscinting rock which resembled the form of mn lying on the ground. On touching this rock, it becme live. The living rock then instructed the humble stone mson to dvise the uthorities to discontinue building school on this site. Apprently the uthorities greed, nd the stone mson becme the custodin of this grve

19 Signl Hill Ridge Syed Hssen Ghibe Shh SIGNAL HILL RIDGE 11 Sheikh Hssen Ghibe Shh The person buried in the grve inside the newly erected tomb is Sheikh Mohmed Hssen Ghibie Shh l Qdri. Sheikh Mohmed Hssen Ghibie Shh, is one of the two better known Auliyh who lies buried on the Signl Hill Ridge. The other one is Kpe-ti-low. Both of them, ccording to orl trdition, were followers of Sheikh Yusuf of Mcssr. On the deth of Sheikh Yusuf nd the return of his prty to Bnten, two of his followers nd his dughter elected to remin behind. These men were lerned techers of Islm. There re other known grves s well. These re the grves of Tun Nur Ghiri Bw lso known s Tun Glieb, Tun Syed Sulimn nd Tun Syed Osmn

20 Signl Hill Army Cmp Tun Kp-ti-Low SIGNAL HILL ARMY CAMP 12 Tun Kp-ti-Low It is climed tht Tun Kpe-ti-low ws generl from Jv in Sheikh Yusuf s rmy nd ws exiled to the Cpe with the gret Sheikh. This orl trdition cnnot be verified in officil records. In the community Tun Kpe-ti-low is lso referred to s Jwhi Tun. Further up the Signl Hill Rod, though not visible from the rod itself, lies the grve of Tun Kpe-ti-low. The shrine of Kpe-ti-low cn clerly be seen from the entrnce of the Boy Scout Cmp on Signl Hill. It is situted t the fr end of the Scout Cmp, some distnce wy from the rod. The shrine is simple structure, rectngulr in shpe, with moon nd str built on to one wll. Inside the shrine lies the grve which hs been built up with bricks. In the 1930 s, the shrine of Tun Kp-ti-low ws some distnce wy from the pth behind pond. This pond ws pprently destroyed when the re round the shrine ws fenced in s militry cmp during the Second World Wr

21 Bo Kp Tn Bru Tun Guru BO Kp TANA BARU 13 Tun Guru Of the Auliyh buried t the Tn Bru, Imm Abdullh ibn Kdi Abdus Slm (Tun Guru), is the best known. He ws prince from Tidore in the Trinte islnds, who trced his ncestry to the Sultnte of Morocco. His crime is not clerly known, though it would pper from the records of Robben Islnd, tht he nd others, nmely Cllie Abdul Ruf, Noro Imm nd Bdroedien, were involved in conspircy with the English ginst the Dutch. They were cptured by the Dutch nd brought to the Cpe s Stte Prisoners on 6 April 1780 nd incrcerted on Robben Islnd where Collie Abdul Ruf nd Bdroedien died. While imprisoned on Robben Islnd, Imm Abdullh wrote book on Islmic Jurispudence nd severl copies of the Holy Qurn from memory. His hndwritten works on Islmic Jurispudence, becme the min reference work of the Cpe Muslims in the 19th century. On his relese from Robben Islnd in 1792, fter twelve yers of imprisonment, Tun Guru went to reside in Dorp Street, then the min residentil re of the Muslims in Cpe Town. Here he mrried the free womn, K iej vn de Kp, the mother of his two sons, Abdul Rkiep nd Abdul Ruf. It ws while he ws stying in Dorp Street tht he sw the need for the estblishment of Muslim school or mdrsh. Thus in 1793, the Dorp Street Mdrsh ws estblished. Tun Guru s first concern ws to tech his students, minly Free Blcks nd Estern slve children, to red nd write Arbic. Hence he ws nicknmed Tun Guru mening Mister Techer!. The estblishment of the Dorp Street Mdrsh hd tremendous impct on the Cpe Muslims. It very soon encourged the repliction of similr eductionl institutions by other the other Imms. By 1832, no less thn 12 mdris operted in the Cpe. His second mjor concern seemed to hve been cquiring venue t which to perform Jum h. His ppliction for mosque site ws refused. Nonetheless, Imm Abdullh led the Cpe Muslims in n open-ir Jum h in the disused qurry in Chippini Street. Tun Guru s desire to estblish mosque, in the fce of colonil prejudice, hd to wit until the Cpe ws occupied by the British in The first mosque opened in 1795, in the wrehouse of the home of Trijn vn der Kp, the sme premises from which the Dorp Street Mdrsh operted. According to Achmt of Bengl, it ws Generl Crig, the British Commnder, who for the first time llowed Islmic worship in the Colony. When Tun Guru died in 1807, the mdrsh nd mosque in Dorp Street were flourishing institutions

22 Bo Kp Tn Bru Tun Syed Alwi BO Kp TANA BARU 14 Tun Syed Alwi could never ccount for his visits but the evidence ws there to see when they clled their slves to work the next morning. His job s policemn gve him free ccess to the slve lodge nd thus ided him in the spred of Islm. When Tun Syeed Alwie died in 1803, he ws buried in the Muslim cemetry t the top end of Longmrket Street. Those who loved him erected round his grve simple wll. It ws structure very much Cpe in origin, but lso symbolicl of the simplicity of his life. The tombstone of Robben Islnd slte ws wrpped with white cloth, stined with the oils of the trs nd other scents which his devoted followers sprinkled on it. This simple structure, with its grden gte, ws for some unknown reson destroyed nd replced by blck brick structure with stinless steel minret. This new tomb is entered through pssge wy, on either side of which re two incomplete circulr structures. Inside the min chmber lies the grve of Tun Syeed Alwie. It is n extrordinry mn, who fter prison sentence of 12 yers could forgive his goler nd help him keep lw nd order in the very city to which he ws bnished. Such mn ws Tun Syeed Alwie. He becme policemn in Cpe Town. He obviously hd motive in becoming policemn. The job gve him ccess to the slves, nd hence n opportunity to tech them Islm. Tun Syeed Alwie ws citizen of Mocc in Yemen, the southern portion of the Arbin peninsul. There is no certinty s to whether he ws brought here directly from Mocc, or from Indonesi where he ws missionry. Nonetheless, he nd fellow prisoner, Hji Mtrim rrived t the Cpe in They were clssified s Mohmmednsche Priesters, who hd to be kept in chins for the rest of their lives. Legend reltes tht he used to enter the locked nd gurded slve qurters t night with Qurn in his hnd. After teching the slves, he would leve nd return with food. The gurds 42 43

23 Bo Kp Tn Bru Tun Nurumn BO Kp TANA BARU 15 Tun Nurumn Lter, Imm Nurumn mde n ppliction for him nd his dughter to be ccommodted t the slve lodge which ws pproved. He now hd free ccess to the slves nd the Free Blcks, fcilitting his efforts to propogte Islm. At the ge of 80, Imm Nurumn still repired the rods of Cpe Town. His chief occuption ws the sinking of pits long the rump of Lion Hed from Greenpoint to Cpe Town. These wells nd dms were for collecting rin wter nd to serve s source of drinking wter for the nimls. He pprently mde vow tht he would work t some public plce from sunrise to sunset for his erlier sins. A vow he diligently executed. It is lso trdition mong some sufi groups to render services to ese the life of fellow humn beings. He is not known to hve ever compromised his religion, not even in the friendship which developed between him nd Generl Jnssens, the Commnder of the Cpe. As token of this friendship Imm Nurumn ccepted the piece of lnd known s the Tn Bru offered to him by Jnssens s buril site for him nd his fmily. Here he ws buried when he died in bout An eqully prominent Wli nd contemporry of Tun Syeed Alwie who lies buried in the Tn Bru cemetry, is Py Schpie de Oude. He is lso known s Imm Normn, though his rel nme is Tun Nurumn. Tun Nurumn is the only Wli whom we definitely know ws slve. He rrived in Cpe Town in He ws housed in the slve lodge, the present Culturl History Museum t the top end of Adderley Street. Here his fellow slves immeditely cme to recognise him s Wli. He ws described s their priest, their doctor, their wonderworker. In short, he ws considered their orcle upon ll occssions.in the orl trdition it is relted tht when he pryed, he ws engulfed by strnge light which rdited from his body. In 1786, he ws pproched for n zeemt by group of slves who plnned to escpe. He egerly consented. Unfortuntely, the slves were cptured nd the zeemt found on them. The uthorities used this s evidence to implicte him in the crime of ssisting runwy slves. He ws incrcerted on Robben Islnd. On his relese, he did not tke up lodgings in the slve lodge, but settled mong the free blcks in the city. As free mn, he gin becme involved in religious ctivities, officiting s Imm t ll communl functions

24 De Wl Drive Syed Abdul Mlik VREDEHOEK 16 Syed Abdul Mlik his estte, s well s the gurdin of his two sons. Syed Abdul Mlik, ws lso n efficient businessmn. He becme firly welthy, nd s ws customry t the time, the owner of severl slves. His slves were ll Muslims. It ws s spiritul doctor nd s Imm tht Syed Abdul Mlik, mde his impct on the Cpe Muslim society. Tun Syed Abdul Mlik is probbly one of the best known of the holy personges who lies buried round the mountin ridges of the Cpe Peninsul. Mny legends of his mirculous ppernces bounds in the city. There re mny reports of the friendly old Mly mn who indulges in converstion with the students of St Cyprins school in their plyground. It is climed tht he disppers s quickly s he ppers. The shrine of Tun Syed Abdul Mlik of Btvi is to be found in Upper Buitenknt Street, ner St Cyprins School, Vredehoek. Tody the grve of Syed Abdul Mlik is situted inside beutiful green nd white ttrctive Musoleum whose rched windows nd domes dd n estern feeling to the surroundings. The historic dt pinted on the inside wll of the grve re incorrect. There is no possibility tht Syed Abdul Mlik could hve rrived t the Cpe on the Voetboeg with Prince Yusuf nd died in Cpe Town, 21st September Sheikh Yusuf Arrived in the Voetboeg only in The only Syed Abdul Mlik, who ws brought to the Cpe from Btvi, rrived here ner the end of the eighteenth century s slve. At the Cpe he mrried the free born womn, Rusk of the Cpe, whom he climed in his will to be the mother of his children. He ws listed s Mly Doctor nd Priest, indicting tht he dministered spiritul medicine nd guidnce. He becme involved with Tun Guru in the estblishment of the Dorp Street Mdrsh. Tun Guru hd so much confidence in him, tht he ppointed him the executor of 46 47

25 Deer Prk Syed Abdul Hq deer prk 17 Syed Abdul Hq steps led to pltform in the centre of which the grve is situted. The grve is surrounded by n ornte steel ril. The roofless shrine presents mgnificent scene. At the end of the pthwy, just to the right of the shrine, looking like sentinel, stnds beutiful plmtree. On your left the rugged fce of Tble Mountin gives the ppernce of protective wll. The tmosphere engulfs visitors in feeling of intense piety. This is possibly ll we will ever know of Syed Abdul Hq. The title Syed, on the nme plte t the grve suggests tht he might hve been descendent of the fmily of the Prophet Muhmmd (SAW). But be tht s it my, the followers of Syed Abdul Hq hve reverend respect for their spiritul guide. This is clerly evident from the impeccble condition of the shrine nd its surroundings. Another re which seemed to hve provided ccomodtion for runwy slves is the nture reserve re t the foot of Tble Mountin, tody clled Deer Prk. The forest itself would hve provided convenient hiding plce. There re t lest five grves of Auliyh long the mountin strem running through the prk. Orl sources give their nmes s: Syed Abdul Hq l-qdri, Syed Jbr, Syed Muhmmd Hq l-qdri, Syed Muhmmd nd Syed Mohmmd Illhie. Orl history reltes tht the grve of Syed Abdul Hq ws discovered by ldy who used to do her wshing t the mountin strem. She regulrly sw person performing his pryers t this site. Where he cme from nd other detils of his history re unknown. All tht is known bout him is tht he ws member of the Qdrih Triq. The shrine is situted in mountin rvine, djcent to fst flowing mountin strem. To rech it from the Deer Prk side the strem hs to be crossed. Leding from the strem is pthwy, netly lid out with mountin stones which in turn leds to five red pinted steps. These 48 49

26 Mowbry Syed Moegsien bin Alwie & Sheikh Abdurhmn ibn Muhmmd l Irqi mowbry 18 Syed bin Alwi nd Sheikh Abdurhmn ibn Muhmmd l Irqi The history of Wli Allh Syed Moegsien (RA) cn be trced to the beginning of the 20th century to mountin hmlet, Hdrtul Mout ner Aden in Yemen. As denoted by the title Syed, Sheikh Moegsien (RA) ws direct descendent of the supreme prophet Nbi Muhmmed Mustf (SAW). As young mn, Syed Moegsien lredy showed gret promise s n exponent of the Deen. Erly in his life, he left Yemen nd emigrted to Mombss in Keny. It ws here tht the Sheikh met Mrim, n exptrite from Hyderbd in Indi. Syed Moegsien mrried Mrim nd lived in Mombss for good few yers. In 1909, Syed Moegsien finlly took up the reigns of wht ws to be chrcterised s his life s work. He ctively pursued his missionry clling nd deprted for Cpe Town. Here he styed for period of ten yers fter which he briefly returned to Mombss. In 1927, he gin journeyed to Cpe Town to continue his missionry work. On his return, he met nd mrried Khdij Kmrudien Prker. From this union, dughter Shrif Qubb Futoon binyi Alwie Al Aidrus ws born. She currently resides in Rylnds Athlone nd is testimony to the legcy of Syed Moegsien (RA). Of ll the gret wonders ttributed to Syed Moegsien, the one most vividly retold over the yers describes n encounter with the Sheikh t Rhodes Zoo. Hving hd his piety nd nobility contested one time too mny by rther influentil people, the Sheikh sked to be tken to the wild niml enclosure t the foot of the Constntiberg Mountins. He then proceeded to request tht the enclosure be opened so tht he could step inside. The story goes tht fter much persistence nd delibertion, the zoo keeper relented nd Sheikh Moegsien stepped into the lions den. As expected, the leder of the pride immeditely roused nd wlked over to the Sheikh. Those gthered, who knew the Sheikh to be well versed in 16 different lnguges (except English), were stounded to see tht the Sheikh ws engged in converstion with the lion. The lion timidly lid down t the Sheikh s feet nd plced his lrge pw on Sheikh Moegsien s hnd. The stounded group of doubters conceded nd cknowledged the divine spiritulity of the Sheikh. Mny such mirculous events nd stories hve been ttributed to the life of the Sheikh. A group of compnions remember tht hving tken leve of the Sheikh, they fer

27 Mowbry De Wl Drive 19 Sheikh Abdul Kder Bismillh Shh Bw ried over to Robben Islnd. Upon their rrivl, they were stonished to see tht Sheikh Moegsien hd not only reched the shrine of Sheikh Abdurhmn Mturr (RA) before them, but ws lso well into performing his Thikrullh! Amongst his most noble cts ws the discovery nd identifiction of the Krmts of Sheikh Nurul Mubeen (RA) nd Sheikh Syed Jffer (RA) of Oudekrl. He ws sincerely devoted to Sheikh Yusuf (RA) nd frequently visited his Krmt t Mcssr. This gret pioneer of Islm in South Afric, Syed Moegsien bin Alwie Al-Aidrus, lies buried in the Mowbry cemetery. Sheikh Abdurhmn ibn Muhmmed l Irqi. From the compiltion of his book, it would seem s if Cpe Town, in those erly yers, possessed some strnge bility to lure the gret spiritul leders to her shores. Like Syed Moegsien bin Alwie Al-Aidrus nd mny others before him, Sheikh Abdurhmn ibn Muhmmed l Irqi ws n emigrnt to the Cpe of Good Hope. Sheikh Abdurhmn hiled from the old Persin city of Bsr in Irq, the very sme city tht gve to the world the gret ldy spiritulist nd sint, Rbih l Bsri (RA). The Sheikh ws most noted for his gret piety, his spiritulity nd welth of theologicl knowledge. He is lso ccredited with the uthorship of numerous volumes on the techings of Islm scribed in the most unusul fshion of Afrikns using Arbic lexicon. Most of his followers ttributed to the Sheikh the sttus of Wli Allh (the friend of God) nd like most gret men of his clibre, mny legends were woven round his life. One of these being his prctice of spiritul medicine. Sheikh Abdurhmn ibn Muhmmed l Irqi lies buried in the Observtory cemetery ner Sheikh Syed Moegsien bin Alwie Al-Aidrus. The mountin ridges round Devil s Pek nd Tble Mountin re filled with mystery. Spiritulists of ll religious persusions gree tht there re powerful spiritul centres situted on nd round the ridges of these mountins. Mny stories bout the spiritul power emnting from the Tble Mountin ridges re being told. These stories dd to the mystery of the mountin whose mjestic presence enhnces the beuty of the mother city. On Devil s Pek, just bove De Wl Drive, mny grves re found. Two of these grves re covered with stin cloths normlly used to cover the grves of sintly persons. Neither the nmes of the sints nor the spiritul brotherhood to which they belong to is known. One of these grves, which is mrked with n oblong iron frme decorted with strs nd crescents cn esily be seen from Wlmer Estte. The nme of the sint is not known, but legend bout him circultes in the community. This legend reltes tht certin Junid Mzier reported tht he ws curious bout mn, who on Fridy s fter the middy pryer, would wlk 52 53

28 De Wl Drive Athlone: College Bismillh Shh Bw 20 Sheikh Abdul Ltief towrds the slopes. Wnting to know where the mn ws going, he decided to follow him. On reching the mountinside he sw the mn wlking towrds his grve, enter the grve nd dispper. These grves ccording to severl Muslim spiritulists re not the only grves of uliyh buried on Devil s Pek nd Tble Mountin. The orl trdition lso clims tht there re severl grves of uliyh buried on these slopes which hs s yet not been identified. One such grve is tht of mysterious uliyh, Sheikh Abdul Kder. The loction of his grve ws only known by few selected confidnts of the Sheikh. They were told to keep the loction secret. Those who relted this legend lso speculted tht Sheikh Abdul Kder is the divine guide referred to in Africn folklore. At the end of the 19th century there ws gret influx of Muslim trders from Indi who followed the Indins brought to this country to work on the sugr plnttions in Ntl. Although the Muslims from Indi hd lnguge nd culture distinct from the Mly community in the Cpe, their strong bond of Imn (fith) broke down these brriers. The cementing of links between the Muslims from different bckgrounds nd the consolidtion of the Muslim community in the Cpe, ws one of the ccomplishments of Mouln Abdul Ltief who ws sent here by Hzrt Goolm Muhmmd Sufi (commonly known s Sufi Sheb). Mouln Abdul Ltief cme to South Afric t the end of the 19th century. He ws first engged s n Imm nd techer in the Trnsvl. It ws from there tht he ws reclled by Sufi Sheb to the newly estblished Islmic centre on the Umgeni River in Ntl. At the Umgeni River Islmic Centre, Mouln Abdul Ltief cted s mdrsh techer for few yers. He then decided to return to Indi to visit his ging fther. On his temporry return Sufi Sheb recognised his potentil s religious leder nd persuded him to sty even if it ws for short while. Sufi Sheb then cme to Cpe Town nd purchsed the lnd t Doornhoogte. On his return to Durbn, Sufi Sheb requested tht Mouln Abdul Ltief proceed to Cpe Town to estblish mosque nd islmic centre on the site he hd purchsed

29 Athlone: College Rwsonville Worcester 21 Tun Msud Mouln Abdul Ltief could not refuse this request from his brother-in-lw nd spiritul mentor. At tht time there ws no mosque on the Cpe Flts, nd on the first Fridy of his rrivl, he led in open ir, the first Jum h Slh on the Cpe Flts in Jnury A yer lter the foundtion of the Hbiby Mosque ws lid. This centre in the jungle soon becme gret centre of lerning. The spiritul vision of Sufi Sheb would never hve become relity without Mouln Abdul Ltief. He hd to suffer gret deprivtion, living in wood nd iron shck, without running wter Dlul Khirt of Muln Abd l Ltif (r.) presented to him by his ustd. or other necessities. This he endured, becuse he hd only one mission in mind, to serve his spiritul mentor, whose guidnce he knew would led to gretness, not for him, but for Islmic society. Mouln Abdul Ltief died in He ws buried next to the mosque which he estblished. This mosque in jungle, lrge s it ws t the time, ws too smll to ccomodte ll those who cme to the Jnzh Slh. Although his shrine is to be found in the Hbiby complex, his gretest monument is the Islmic eductionl nd religious ctivities still evident in this complex. Tody it is vibrnt Muslim centre, with junior mdrsh, primry nd high school, n orphnge nd Islmic librry. There re lso other Krmts round the Western Cpe of whose history very little is known. At Worcester, long the rod leding from Rwsonville, the grve of Tun Msud is to be found. Legend hs it tht n rtisn, working nd sleeping in tent t building site t Worcester, ws one night woken by voice, clling the nme Msud nd beckoning him to come outside. He obliged nd sw mn on white horse who requested the rtisn to follow him. He did so for time until they reched certin spot. The mn nd the horse disppered. He returned to his tent nd went bck to sleep. Next morning, when he went to investigte he found grve on the spot the mn nd horse disppered. Wht is known is tht Worcester lredy hd Muslim slve popultion erly in its existence nd tht mosque ws built there in One of the erliest mosques to be built outside of Cpe Town. Tun Msud ws probbly one of the erly Muslim slves forced to work on the frms round Worcester

30 Cledon Overberg Wellington: Bins Kloof 22 Syed Abdul Kder 23 Sheikh Suleimn Cledon lso hs Krmt. The mn buried in this grve is Syed Abdul Kder. The grve ccording to legend is mysteriously protected. During severe floods in this re, it ws lwys this site which ws never under wter. The loction of the bridge on the Cledon Rod, djcent to the grve, is sid to hve been forced upon the locl uthority. They tried to cut the rod through the grve, but to no vil. After severl ttempts they hd no option but to build the bridge. There is lso mysterious grve on the mountin slopes ner the bridge t Binskloof. All tht is known is tht the person buried here is nmed Sheikh Suleimn. Turn off fter min Cledon sign showing Overberg Hotel. Directions vilble t Hotel reception. 800 metres fter the sign t Pinkilton river 58 59

31 Brief history of Mzr Society A brief history of the Cpe Mzr (Krmt) Society In Jnury of 1982, lmost 14 yers go, group of people with common interest formed wht ws then clled The Robben Islnd Mzr (Krmt) Committee. Hving estblished their gols, viz. to mintin the numerous shrines locted in the Western Cpe nd to propgte the techings of these Sints, the nme ws chnged to The Cpe Mzr (Krmt) Society. The southern most tip of Afric ws rich in Islmic culture nd history nd this heritge hd to be preserved for posterity. The memories of Sheikh Yusuf of Mcssr, Sheikh Abdurhmn Motur of Robben Islnd, Sheikh Abdurgmn Mtebe Shh of Klein Constnti, Syed Mhmood of Islm Hill, Syed Abdul Mlick of Vredehoek, Tun Guru of Scotches Kloof, Syed Mohmed Hsn Ghibe Shh of Signl Hill, Sheikh Nurul Mubeen of Oudekrl nd Syed Jffer of Bkoven to nme but few, were to be kept live. We owe these heroes nd torch berers of Islm nd could never repy them for their scrifices. Subjected to most hrsh forms of cruelty nd torture they never wvered from the true pth. With true commitment nd firmly entrenched llegince, the Cpe Mzr (Krmt) Society grew from strength to strength. From humble beginnings of clening nd repinting the Krmts, mjor refurbishment nd rebuilding projects were undertken nd successfully completed. During these times the support of the public ws overwhelming nd encourged the Society even further. The Cpe Mzr (Krmt) Society is constituted body nd is recognised by the Muslim Judicil Council, the South Africn Ntionl Monuments Council, the Cpe Regionl Services Council, the Cpe Town City Council nd the Correctionl Services Deprtment mongst others. Their proven trck record hs put them on firm stnding with the forementioned orgnistions. The Society s ccounts re udited nnully by n independent uditor. The Sints tught unity nd pece mongst the different fiths. In keeping with this techings mny non-muslims, especilly Christins nd Hindus regulrly visit the Krmts. The publiction of this book, which is the society s ltest venture, will serve s much needed guide for tourists wnting to visit the vrious Krmts in the Western Cpe. This need hs been cknowledged by Cptour who hs over the yers been receiving mny enquiries regrding the krmts from tourists to the Western Cpe. This informtive guide will be distributed loclly, ntionlly nd interntionlly. The Society intends plcing these books on the interntionl mrket due to the influx of tourists especilly from Mlysi, Indi, Indonesi nd the Middle Est. For further informtion contct: The Cpe Mzr (Krmt) Society 27 Rylnds Rod, Rylnds Estte 7764, Cpe Town, South fric P O Box 443, Gtesville 7766, Cpe Town, South fric Tel: (office hours) or / (fter hours) Fx: Guided Tours Tours cn be rrnged by the society. For more informtion, contct the bove ddress

32 Glossry _ Glossry Allh Arbic, Proper nme of God Alwiyyh Triqh Alwi Sufi chin Attrs Perfume Auliyh Friends of Allh Azeemt Tlismn Chdr or Ghilf Cotto sheet plced over grve of sint Du Suppliction to Allh Durrud Shrif Sluttions to the Holy Prophet of Islm Esle Swb Act to invoke divine rewrd for the decesed Hdith Inspired syings nd trditions of the Prophet (S.A.W) s recorded by his compnions. Hdith Qudsi Inspired syings nd trditions of the Prophet (S.A.W) by his compnions nd relted by ll four Imms. Hjji One who hs performed the pilgrimge to Mecc Holy Qurn Holy book of Allh reveled to His Messenger, The Holy Prophet Muhmed (S.A.W). The Bible Mohmdnsche Priester Muslim priest or Imm (Dutch) (S.A.W) Pece nd Blessings of Allh upon him Syyid or Syed Descendent of the Holy Prophet Muhmmd (S.A.W) Sheikh Techer, lerned mn, elderly mn Soofie or Sufi Mystic in Islm or derwish Sufism Mysticism Surh Chpter of The Holy Qurn Thrh Body clenliness Thikr-ul-lh Remembernce of Allh Urs Shrif Observnce of deth nniversry of sint Willyet Bestowel of sinthood Qudiriyh Triqh Qudiriyh Sufi chin Wli-Allh Friends of Allh Wudu Ablution Wsilh Intercession on ones behlf of Muslims Krmt Urdu Mircle of sint Krmt Nme commonly used in the Cpe for tomb of sint Kitbs Urdu word for books Mdrsh Muslim school Mdris Muslim schools Moestjp Pious 62 63

33 Behold! Verily on the friends of Allh there is no fer, nor shll they grieve; Those who believe And (constntly) gurd Aginst evil; Surh 10, verse 62 nd 63 64

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