Terrorism: a growing threat to the Western states and societies?

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Terrorism: a growing threat to the Western states and societies?"

Transcription

1 Terrorism: a growing threat to the Western states and societies? Since the attacks on Paris carried out in November 2015 Western populations are afraid of further terrorist acts. The large influx of refugees from predominantly Muslim countries of the MENA-region fuels additional fears because European authorities are not able to ensure a controlled and coordinated entry process. A lot of identities have not been verified, so that the mistrust and reservations of strangers are increasing. The collected data of the Global Terrorism Database (GTD) also prove that terrorism continues to rise. As table 1 points out for the period 2013 to 2014 the total number of attacks increased by 3756 incidents. Table 1: Terrorist attacks and casualties worldwide, 2013 and 2014 Year Total Attack Total Killed Total Wounded Total Kidnapped Source: National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism: Annex of Statistical Information. Country Reports on Terrorism 2013 & Thereby the threat is spreading towards other countries. In 2014 [a]ttacks were recorded in 93 countries, up from 88 in 2013 (GTI 2015, p. 9). This article offers a brief overview regarding the development of terrorism in recent years and analyses the real threat of terrorism for Western societies while considering the aims of the main perpetrator groups in particular. Terrorism: definition The word terrorism is frequently used by the media, politicians and citizens and often exploited. To put this article on a solid foundation a precise definition of terrorism is needed. As many studies this article specifies the term by the nature of the act as it should be from a scientific point of view. According to authors like Enders and Sandler (2012, p. 4) or Sandler (2014, p. 1) terrorism is a premeditated violent act conducted by individuals or subnational groups to obtain a political or social or economic or religious objective through the intimidation of a large audience beyond that of the immediate noncombatant victims. In the course of this the violent act is outside the percept of the International Humanitarian Law insofar as it targets non-combatants. This paper refers to this specification of the term because the data of the GTD that shall be implied in this analysis are based on these inclusion criteria. Terrorism: development As already mentioned before terrorism is continuously spreading. In 2014 the total number of people killed by terrorist activity increased by 80 percent compared to the prior year and is the largest yearly surge in the last 15 years (GTI 2015, p. 2). The countries affected most are Iraq, Nigeria, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Syria. Other countries that suffered more than 500 deaths in 2014 are Somalia, Ukraine, Yemen, Central African Republic, South Sudan and Cameroon. In spite of the overall increase of terrorist activity the majority of deaths do not occur in Western states (ibid.). Even if they were hit by some of the most deadly assaults in the last 15 1

2 years, only 0.11 percent of the total number of deaths from terrorism were situated there in There were only 37 deaths in the 38 countries categorized as the West. Nevertheless worries regarding domestic Islamic Extremism are growing in Western countries as table 2 points out. Table 2: Percentage of people in western countries that are concerned about domestic Islamic Extremism Source: GTI A closer look at the perpetrator groups that were responsible for most of the recent terrorist attacks could lead to a realistic assessment of the prevalent threat for Western societies. Referring again to the GTD the five main perpetrator groups with most attacks worldwide in 2014 are the Islamic State and the Levant IS(IL), the Taliban, Al-Shabaab, Boko Haram and the Indian Maoists (GTD 2015, p. 12). Due to the limited framework the following in-depth analysis includes ISIL, the Taliban and Boko Haram that were responsible for the majority of fatalities related to the conducted assaults. IS(IL) IS(IL) is actually not a new established-group. It was initially founded by Jordanian Abu Musab al Zarqawi at a training camp in Afghanistan. Due to the US-led invasion the group moved to Northern Iraq and has become more active since IS(IL) played a growing role in the insurgency against the US-operation in Iraq, but was more commonly known as al-qu ida in Iraq (AQI) at that time. After setbacks, resurgence, and an expansion into Syria, the current leader Abu Bakr al Baghdadi claimed in April 2013 that the Islamic organization became the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant. Since then IS(IL) extended its demands and now calls for an Islamic State. 2

3 IS(IL) was actually a group with principal focus on its region in Iraq and Syria (the Levant). But meanwhile there is increasing evidence that its focus goes far beyond. The leaders and its members Sunni jihadists aim to establish an Islamic caliphate. The actual geographic range of this ISIL / Daesh Key data caliphate is not entirely clear. But the martially rhetoric that highlights the Islam s war or an apocalyptic battle against all disbelievers suggests the achievement of global coverage. Thereby the model of the Formation: Founder: Leader: Geographical scope: Late 1990s Abu Mus ab al-zarqawi Abu Bakr al Baghdadi Expanding prophet plays a major role. Due to Religious background: Sunni that the usage of force is a legitimate tool to bring those who the resist the establishment of the caliphate in their territory under control of IS(IL) (Milton 2014, p. 29). Hence IS(IL) s ideology and commitment of brutal means clarify that the organization represents a threat with global scale. Above that the increasing membership and thousands of foreign fighters that have joined the terrorist organization in recent times point out that IS(IL) has displaced al Qaeda as the standard bearer of global terrorism. Taliban The Taliban were founded in 1994 by Mohamad Omar. They were constituted by a mixture of Mujahedeen, who fought against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in the 1980s, and a group of Pashtun tribesmen (GTI 2015, p. 43). From 1996 until 2001 the organization held power in Afghanistan. Then they were overthrown by the US and its allies. Taliban Key data They have since regrouped as an insurgency movement to fight the Formation: Founder: Leader: Geographical scope: 1994 Mohamad Omar Mullah Akhtar Mansoor Afghanistan now former Karsai administration and the NATO-led International Security Forces (ISAF). Currently Mullah Akhtar Mansoor is the leader of the group that had already claimed its Sunni Emirate Religious background: Sunni in Afghanistan in Compared to ISIL the Taliban have a narrower scope that is concentrated only on Afghanistan. Like any terrorist movement they are ready to use violence, especially against foreign troops 3

4 and forces of the government. Due to media propaganda they engaged to limit the application of violence against civilians. However, the actual statistic points out that beside police and governmental forces the second biggest target was private civilians in 2014 (GTI 2015, p. 43). Therefore their moral intentions should put in question. Since there was only one attack outside Afghanistan in 2014 the danger from the Taliban to Western societies seems to be very limited. Their claims are mostly of national nature. Boko Haram The number of fatalities killed by Boko Haram attacks is higher compared to terrorist acts of other organizations. Boko Haram, also called Jamā'at Ahl as-sunnah lid-da'wah wa'l-jihād, was founded in 2002 by Mohammad Yusuf. Following a dispute with the former Nigerian government and the death of its founder the organization started to Boko Haram Key data increase its radicalization in Up to now Boko Haram is operating in Nigeria, Chad, Niger and northern Cameroon. The group has a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist ideology and is originally linked to al-qaeda. But in Formation: Founder: Leader: Geographical scope: 2002 Mohammad Yusuf Abubakar Shekau West Africa 2015 it announced its allegiance with the IS(IL) and recognized the leader of Religious background: Sunni IS(IL), al-baghdadi, as the caliph of the Muslims. In principle, Boko Haram aims to establish an Islamic state in Nigeria and opposes Western education, culture and the Christian faith whereby the fundamentalist organization rejects the United States in particular. They use violence against government related forces and authorities as well as against civilians. More than people were killed by Boko Haram attacks in 2014 (GTI 2015, p. 41). Taken all together it is hard to determine if Boko Haram represents a real threat to Western states. Boko Haram s terror is primarily concentrated on the Nigerian state and the immediate neighboring countries. However, its support for the far reaching claims of ISIL gives reason for concern. Boko Haram s development should be attentively observed. 4

5 Table 3: Main locations of attacks conducted by Boko Haram, IS(IL) and Taliban in 2014 Threat of terrorism to Western states and societies In sum, the Taliban pursue national targets whilst Boko Haram primary follows regional objectives. Only IS(IL) s ideology includes apparent global objectives with an enormous propensity towards violence. The Paris attacks in November 2015 express the interest of the fundamentalist organization to stretch its horror vision of an Islamic caliphate and to stir up fears in Western societies. From that point of view, a growing threat for the West can be noted. Including the data that provide information regarding the perpetrators profile and the overall statistics of terrorism, the fueled fears have to be put in context, because most of the terror acts in the West were conducted by lone wolfs. Indeed, lone wolf attacks account for 70 percent of all terrorism related deaths in the West from 2006 to 2014 (GTI 2015, p. 54). Lone wolf terrorists are individuals or small groups who sympathize or identify with terrorist organizations and the respective ideology without material support or specific instructions from such a group. Hence the direct threat is often not imposed by terrorist organizations themselves, but rather by single perpetrators. As a result it can be concluded that the Western states are not that much affected and threatened by terrorist organizations as the civilians in their direct spheres of influence. Due to the fact that lone wolfs are hard to detect and to defend the perceived threat for Western societies seems higher than it is from an objective point of view. 5

6 Reference list Enders, W./Sandler, T.: The Political Economy of Terrorism, Cambridge University Press New York Institute for Economics & Peace: Global Terrorism Index Measuring and Understanding the Impact of Terrorism, ( ). Milton, D. et al.: The Group That Calls Itself a State: Understanding the Evolution and Challenges of the Islamic State, The Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, December 2014, ( ). National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Response to Terrorism: Annex of Statistical Information. Country Reports on Terrorism 2014, University of Maryland National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Response to Terrorism: Annex of Statistical Information. Country Reports on Terrorism 2013, University of Maryland Sandler, T.: Terrorism and counterterrorism: an overview, in: Oxford Economic Papers 2014, p Published by: AGEMA-Services GmbH AGEMA-Services is an internationally operating security company specialized on providing services in high risk areas. Our exceptional expertise and competences enable us to provide goal-orientated solutions to identify, avoid and overcome security risks to our customers. The collaboration with our strategic partners enables us to provide services in nearly every part of the world. AGEMA-Services provides comprehensive and professional security solutions for individuals, companies, organizations and state institutions. AGEMA-Services GmbH CEO Sven Meyer Am Kiel-Kanal Kiel Germany Phone: Mail: Author: Marianne Witt 6

African Caucus Topic A: Combatting the Rise of Terrorism in Africa. Chairs: Mariana Araujo, Shalom Rubino

African Caucus Topic A: Combatting the Rise of Terrorism in Africa. Chairs: Mariana Araujo, Shalom Rubino African Caucus Topic A: Combatting the Rise of Terrorism in Africa Chairs: Mariana Araujo, Shalom Rubino 1 Index Background Information.... 3 Timeline.............7 Key Terms........ 8 Guiding Questions.......

More information

The killing of two Al-Qaeda leaders in Iraq and its implications

The killing of two Al-Qaeda leaders in Iraq and its implications Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center May 9, 2010 The killing of two Al-Qaeda leaders in Iraq and its implications The Al-Qaeda leaders killed in Iraq. Left: Abu Ayyub al-masri, the Al-Qaeda commander

More information

Assessing ISIS one Year Later

Assessing ISIS one Year Later University of Central Lancashire From the SelectedWorks of Zenonas Tziarras June, 2015 Assessing ISIS one Year Later Zenonas Tziarras, University of Warwick Available at: https://works.bepress.com/zenonas_tziarras/42/

More information

Terror Finance and Technology

Terror Finance and Technology Terror Finance and Technology Erin K. O Loughlin Bank of America Dennis Lormel DML Associates LLC WCAML Forum May 6 8 2015 Terrorism and Technology West Coast AML Forum 2015 May 6 8 2015 Nairobi, Kenya

More information

The Islamic State Origins, Popular Support, Structures and Functioning. Máté Szalai Institute for Foreign Affairs and Trade

The Islamic State Origins, Popular Support, Structures and Functioning. Máté Szalai Institute for Foreign Affairs and Trade The Islamic State Origins, Popular Support, Structures and Functioning Máté Szalai Institute for Foreign Affairs and Trade The Islamic State 4 misconceptions and 4 assumptions 1. The Islamic State is a

More information

A Tale of Two Caliphates AQ and its Associated Movement vs. the Islamic State and its Associated Movement William Braniff Executive Director

A Tale of Two Caliphates AQ and its Associated Movement vs. the Islamic State and its Associated Movement William Braniff Executive Director A Tale of Two Caliphates AQ and its Associated Movement vs. the Islamic State and its Associated Movement William Braniff Executive Director This research was supported by the U.S. Department of Homeland

More information

War on Terrorism Notes

War on Terrorism Notes War on Terrorism Notes Member of Ba'ath Party Mixing Arab nationalist, pan Arabism, Arab socialist and antiimperialist interests. Becomes president in 1979 Iranians and Iraqis fight because of religious

More information

War in Afghanistan War in Iraq Arab Spring War in Syria North Korea 1950-

War in Afghanistan War in Iraq Arab Spring War in Syria North Korea 1950- War in Afghanistan 2001-2014 War in Iraq 2003-2010 Arab Spring 2010-2011 War in Syria 2011- North Korea 1950- Began as a result of 9/11 attacks September 11, 2001 Four hijacked planes in the U.S. Two crashed

More information

The Terrorism Threat In 2012: Global Perspective Terrorism Risk And Insurance Markets In 2012 OECD Headquarters Paris, France 5 December 2012

The Terrorism Threat In 2012: Global Perspective Terrorism Risk And Insurance Markets In 2012 OECD Headquarters Paris, France 5 December 2012 The Terrorism Threat In 2012: Global Perspective Terrorism Risk And Insurance Markets In 2012 OECD Headquarters Paris, France 5 December 2012 Professor Bruce Hoffman Georgetown University Bruce Hoffman,

More information

AM L CHALLE N G E S. situation in Sydney, Australia, in December 2014; two attacks on

AM L CHALLE N G E S. situation in Sydney, Australia, in December 2014; two attacks on AM L CHALLE N G E S O n a daily basis, media reports remind us of the brutality and barbaric reality of terrorism. Time and again, we are reminded that there are no safe havens from the reach of jihadists

More information

Large and Growing Numbers of Muslims Reject Terrorism, Bin Laden

Large and Growing Numbers of Muslims Reject Terrorism, Bin Laden Large and Growing Numbers of Muslims Reject Terrorism, Bin Laden June 30, 2006 Negative Views of West and US Unabated New polls of Muslims from around the world find large and increasing percentages reject

More information

Executive Summary. by its continued expansion worldwide. Its barbaric imposition of shariah law has:

Executive Summary. by its continued expansion worldwide. Its barbaric imposition of shariah law has: Toppling the Caliphate - A Plan to Defeat ISIS Executive Summary The vital national security interests of the United States are threatened by the existence of the Islamic State (IS) as a declared Caliphate

More information

Analysis of ISIS's Claims of Responsibility for Terrorist Attacks Carried Out Abroad. Overview 1

Analysis of ISIS's Claims of Responsibility for Terrorist Attacks Carried Out Abroad. Overview 1 Analysis of ISIS's Claims of Responsibility for Terrorist Attacks Carried Out Abroad August 15, 2017 Overview 1 This study examines the forms of ISIS's claims of responsibility for terrorist attacks it

More information

Anatomy of an Insurgency

Anatomy of an Insurgency Threat Level Days Percentage ISMOR 2015 UK Threat Status 28 th August 2014 Severe 11 th July 2011 Substantial 22 nd January 2010 Severe Critical 8 0.2% Severe 1987 40% Substantial 1329 59.8% the number

More information

Introduction. Special Conference. Combating the rise of religious extremism. Student Officer: William Harding. President of Special Conference

Introduction. Special Conference. Combating the rise of religious extremism. Student Officer: William Harding. President of Special Conference Forum: Issue: Special Conference Combating the rise of religious extremism Student Officer: William Harding Position: President of Special Conference Introduction Ever since the start of the 21st century,

More information

A new religious state model in the case of "Islamic State" O Muslims, come to your state. Yes, your state! Come! Syria is not for

A new religious state model in the case of Islamic State O Muslims, come to your state. Yes, your state! Come! Syria is not for A new religious state model in the case of "Islamic State" Galit Truman Zinman O Muslims, come to your state. Yes, your state! Come! Syria is not for Syrians, and Iraq is not for Iraqis. The earth belongs

More information

Presented By: Arjun Singh Rathore Atul Pareek Akshay Singh Rathore Shivpal Singh Rathore Kuldeep Singh Rathore Kirti Rathore Manisha Akshita Soni

Presented By: Arjun Singh Rathore Atul Pareek Akshay Singh Rathore Shivpal Singh Rathore Kuldeep Singh Rathore Kirti Rathore Manisha Akshita Soni Mentor: Ms Surabhi Gupta Asst. Professor, Sardar Patel University Of Police, Jodhpur(Raj.) Presented By: Arjun Singh Rathore Atul Pareek Akshay Singh Rathore Shivpal Singh Rathore Kuldeep Singh Rathore

More information

Congressional Testimony

Congressional Testimony Congressional Testimony Crisis in Syria: Implications for Homeland Security Thomas Joscelyn Senior Fellow, Foundation for Defense of Democracies Senior Editor, The Long War Journal Hearing before House

More information

Johannesburg Model United Nations 2016 Committee. Chair Research Report Format and Guideline

Johannesburg Model United Nations 2016 Committee. Chair Research Report Format and Guideline Chair Research Report Format and Guideline Johannesburg Model United Nations 2016 JOMUN XIV Forum: Human Rights Commission Issue: Addressing the human rights violations caused by insurgent activities of

More information

THE IRAQI KURDISTAN REGION S ROLE IN DEFEATING ISIL

THE IRAQI KURDISTAN REGION S ROLE IN DEFEATING ISIL THE IRAQI KURDISTAN REGION S ROLE IN DEFEATING ISIL The summer of 2014 was a fatal summer, not only for the Iraqi Kurdistan Region but also for the Middle East and the rest of the world. It witnessed the

More information

Coverage of American Muslims gets worse: Muslims framed mostly as criminals

Coverage of American Muslims gets worse: Muslims framed mostly as criminals Coverage of American Muslims gets worse: Muslims framed mostly as criminals News Analysis of U.S. TV news and international business papers 2007-2013 - Coverage of Islam dropped after 2010 - Tonality deteriorated

More information

Overview 1. On June 29, 2014, ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-baghdadi declared the establishment of the

Overview 1. On June 29, 2014, ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-baghdadi declared the establishment of the The Collapse of the Islamic State: What Comes Next? November 18, 2017 Overview 1 On June 29, 2014, ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-baghdadi declared the establishment of the Islamic Caliphate by the Islamic State

More information

Jihadist women, a threat not to be underestimated

Jihadist women, a threat not to be underestimated Jihadist women, a threat not to be underestimated 1 2 Naive girls who follow the love of their life, women who are even more radical than their husbands, or women who accidentally find themselves in the

More information

the Middle East (18 December 2013, no ).

the Middle East (18 December 2013, no ). Letter of 24 February 2014 from the Minister of Security and Justice, Ivo Opstelten, to the House of Representatives of the States General on the policy implications of the 35th edition of the Terrorist

More information

The Islamic State in West Africa Accuses Shekau, the Leader of Boko Haram, of Deviating from Islam

The Islamic State in West Africa Accuses Shekau, the Leader of Boko Haram, of Deviating from Islam INSIGHTS 1 The Islamic State in West Africa Accuses Shekau, the Leader of Boko Haram, of Deviating from Islam In June 2018, the Islamic State (IS) in West Africa published a book titled, Cutting out the

More information

United Nations Security Council (CRISIS) BACKGROUND GUIDE

United Nations Security Council (CRISIS) BACKGROUND GUIDE United Nations Security Council (CRISIS) BACKGROUND GUIDE Responding to ISIS Director: Assistant Director: Mohammad Khattak Marcos Seef WHISMUN 2017 February 3-4 Brooklyn, NY WHISMUN 2017 THE HIGH SCHOOL

More information

U.S. Military Intervention to Combat the Islamic State

U.S. Military Intervention to Combat the Islamic State Page 1 of 5 A Journal of Undergraduate Writing U.S. Military Intervention to Combat the Islamic State Grant Martin Grant is a junior Accounting major from Columbia, MO. He chose to write about the evolving

More information

ICT Jihadi Monitoring Group. AZAN Magazine Profile Analysis

ICT Jihadi Monitoring Group. AZAN Magazine Profile Analysis ICT Jihadi Monitoring Group AZAN Magazine Profile Analysis Introduction AZAN is an English-language magazine that covers various jihadist-related topics and is published by the Taliban in Pakistan. The

More information

TRANSNATIONAL ISLAMIST TERRORISM NETWORK FRAGMENTATION AND BOTTOM-UP REGIONALIZATION

TRANSNATIONAL ISLAMIST TERRORISM NETWORK FRAGMENTATION AND BOTTOM-UP REGIONALIZATION The 2014 Global Terrorism Index tracks the rise and fall of the world s largest terrorist organisations since 1998. Whilst the vast majority of terrorist groups are only responsible for a handful of deaths,

More information

Global View Assessments Winter Key Judgment: Pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong leave China few viable options.

Global View Assessments Winter Key Judgment: Pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong leave China few viable options. China: Hong Kong Protests Destabilize China and Taiwan Key Judgment: Pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong leave China few viable options. Analysis: On September 27, 2014, protests began in response to Beijing

More information

THE ISIS CHALLENGE IN LIBYA

THE ISIS CHALLENGE IN LIBYA THE ISIS CHALLENGE IN LIBYA SIMULATION BACKGROUND With two rival governments and an expanding ISIS presence in between, Libya has more than its fair share of problems. Reactionary Arab regimes like Egypt

More information

Issue Overview: Sunni-Shiite divide

Issue Overview: Sunni-Shiite divide Issue Overview: Sunni-Shiite divide By Bloomberg, adapted by Newsela staff on 10.06.16 Word Count 731 Level 1010L TOP: First Friday prayers of Ramadan at the East London Mosque in London, England. Photo

More information

Radical Islam In The House: The Plan To Take America For The Global Islamic State By Kate Mathieson, Michael Coffman READ ONLINE

Radical Islam In The House: The Plan To Take America For The Global Islamic State By Kate Mathieson, Michael Coffman READ ONLINE Radical Islam In The House: The Plan To Take America For The Global Islamic State By Kate Mathieson, Michael Coffman READ ONLINE If you are searching for a book by Kate Mathieson, Michael Coffman Radical

More information

After Mali Comes Niger

After Mali Comes Niger February 12, 2013 SNAPSHOT After Mali Comes Niger West Africa's Problems Migrate East Sebastian Elischer SEBASTIAN ELISCHER is an assistant professor of comparative politics at the Leuphana University

More information

With friends like these... Is Syria seeing a spill over from Iraq?

With friends like these... Is Syria seeing a spill over from Iraq? With friends like these... Is Syria seeing a spill over from Iraq? Team On 24 April 2012, Abdel-Ghani Jawhar, head of Fatah-al-Islam, Lebanon's most wanted militant Islamist terrorist, was reportedly killed

More information

Issue Overview: Jihad

Issue Overview: Jihad Issue Overview: Jihad By Bloomberg, adapted by Newsela staff on 10.05.16 Word Count 645 TOP: Members of the Palestinian group Islamic Jihad display weapons while praying before walking through the streets

More information

Coornhert Model United Nations 2016

Coornhert Model United Nations 2016 Coornhert Model United Nations 2016 The question of the Islamic State: General Overview GOUDA 2016 BY CONFERENCE TOPIC EXPERT: IMRE ROSSEL Introduction In the summer of 2014 the Islamic State of Iraq and

More information

A traditional approach to IS based on maintaining a unified Iraq, while building up the Iraqi Government, the Kurdistan Regional Government

A traditional approach to IS based on maintaining a unified Iraq, while building up the Iraqi Government, the Kurdistan Regional Government TESTIMONY BEFORE THE SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE IRAQ AT A CROSSROADS: OPTIONS FOR U.S. POLICY JULY 24, 2014 JAMES FRANKLIN JEFFREY, PHILIP SOLONDZ DISTINQUISHED VISITING FELLOW, THE WASHINGTON

More information

International Terrorism and ISIS

International Terrorism and ISIS International Terrorism and ISIS Hussain Al-Shahristani 17th Castiglioncello Conference, Italy, 22-24 Sept 2017 Good afternoon It is a great pleasure to be here with you in this beautiful part of Italy

More information

MULTI directional. MULTI ethnic. MULTI skilled

MULTI directional. MULTI ethnic. MULTI skilled MULTI directional MULTI ethnic MULTI skilled engaged in Christ s mission Matthew 28:16-20 Galilee! (4:12-17) WORSHIP is our starting point LORDSHIP is our founding authority DISCIPLESHIP is our central

More information

Islamic Militarism and Terrorism in the Modern World. Roots of Hate

Islamic Militarism and Terrorism in the Modern World. Roots of Hate Islamic Militarism and Terrorism in the Modern World Roots of Hate 1 Terrorism Terrorism in the modern world revolves around fundamentalist Islam To understand the issues, it is important to look at Islam

More information

THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014

THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014 PLEASE NOTE THE ANDREW MARR SHOW MUST BE CREDITED IF ANY PART OF THIS TRANSCRIPT IS USED THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014 Now looking at the violence now

More information

Daesh in Afghanistan Zahid Hussain

Daesh in Afghanistan Zahid Hussain Daesh in Afghanistan Zahid Hussain The Afghanistan Essays This 2018 short-essay series by the Jinnah Institute (JI) reflects a range of Pakistani thought leadership on Afghanistan and it s complex history

More information

Defeating ISIS: The Real Threats and Challenges

Defeating ISIS: The Real Threats and Challenges Defeating ISIS: The Real Threats and Challenges By Anthony H. Cordesman Working Draft: August 4, 2016 Please provide comments to acordesman@gmail.com Photo: ALI AL-SAADI/AFP/Getty Images Cordesman: Terrorism-Fear

More information

TED ANTALYA MODEL UNITED NATIONS 2019

TED ANTALYA MODEL UNITED NATIONS 2019 TED ANTALYA MODEL UNITED NATIONS 2019 Forum: SOCHUM Issue: Protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism Student Officer: Ali Başar Çandır Position: Co-Chair INTRODUCTION

More information

(President) (Moderator) (Conference officer)

(President) (Moderator) (Conference officer) SOCHUM Delegates The Social, Cultural and Humanitarian Affairs Committee, third of the UN General Assembly, is honored to welcome you to Alexmun 2016. We thank you for your participation and enthusiasm

More information

THE ISLAMIC STATE INTELLIGENCE BRIEFING 16011

THE ISLAMIC STATE INTELLIGENCE BRIEFING 16011 16011 THE ISLAMIC STATE This extremely radical Islamic group is also known as ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) or ISIL (Islamic State of the Levant). has openly declared the establishment of a new

More information

ENKA INTERNATIONAL MODEL UNITED NATIONS World in Crisis

ENKA INTERNATIONAL MODEL UNITED NATIONS World in Crisis ENKA INTERNATIONAL MODEL UNITED NATIONS 2018 World in Crisis Establishing measures to combat the Boko Haram insurgency in regions of Africa Ecenur Aslan Deputy Chair Committee: General Assembly 3 rd Committee

More information

Recently, the group released videos showing the killing of two American journalists in Syria.

Recently, the group released videos showing the killing of two American journalists in Syria. Instructions: COMPLETE ALL QUESTIONS AND MARGIN NOTES using the CLOSE reading strategies practiced in class. This requires reading of the article three times. Step 1: Skim the article using these symbols

More information

ISLAM, TERRORISM, AND PERSECUTED CHRISTIANS

ISLAM, TERRORISM, AND PERSECUTED CHRISTIANS ISLAM, TERRORISM, AND PERSECUTED CHRISTIANS INTRODUCTION WORLD RELIGIONS Abraham Aryans Judaism 18 Million Christianity 2 Billion Islam 1.5 Billion Hinduism 900 Million Buddhism 360 Million DEMOGRAPHICS

More information

Negative Attitudes toward the United States in the Muslim World: Do They Matter?

Negative Attitudes toward the United States in the Muslim World: Do They Matter? Negative Attitudes toward the United States in the Muslim World: Do They Matter? May 17, 2007 Testimony of Dr. Steven Kull Director, Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA), University of Maryland

More information

THE INTERPLAY AND IMPACT OF ORGANISED CRIME AND TERRORISM ON THE PROCESS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONCEPT OF SECURITY: CASE STUDY OF ISIS ABSTRACT

THE INTERPLAY AND IMPACT OF ORGANISED CRIME AND TERRORISM ON THE PROCESS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONCEPT OF SECURITY: CASE STUDY OF ISIS ABSTRACT THE INTERPLAY AND IMPACT OF ORGANISED CRIME AND TERRORISM ON THE PROCESS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONCEPT OF SECURITY: CASE STUDY OF ISIS VILMA SPAHIU, PhD.Candidate Faculty of Social Sciences & Education

More information

Big Data, information and support for terrorism: the ISIS case

Big Data, information and support for terrorism: the ISIS case Big Data, information and support for terrorism: the ISIS case SM & ISIS The rise and fall of the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) represents one of the most salient political topics over

More information

TERRORISM IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA: CAUSES AND POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS

TERRORISM IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA: CAUSES AND POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS TERRORISM IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA: CAUSES AND POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS A. Introduction Until the last two decades Sub-Saharan Africa was not known to have transnational terrorist organizations. There were several

More information

(U//FOUO) ISIL Social Media Messaging Resonating with Western Youth

(U//FOUO) ISIL Social Media Messaging Resonating with Western Youth 27 February 2015 (U//FOUO) ISIL Social Media Messaging Resonating with Western Youth (U) Scope (U//FOUO) This Joint Intelligence Bulletin (JIB) is intended to provide information on a continuing trend

More information

NEUTRAL INTEVENTION PSC/IR 265: CIVIL WAR AND INTERNATIONAL SYSTEMS WILLIAM SPANIEL WILLIAMSPANIEL.COM/PSCIR

NEUTRAL INTEVENTION PSC/IR 265: CIVIL WAR AND INTERNATIONAL SYSTEMS WILLIAM SPANIEL WILLIAMSPANIEL.COM/PSCIR NEUTRAL INTEVENTION PSC/IR 265: CIVIL WAR AND INTERNATIONAL SYSTEMS WILLIAM SPANIEL WILLIAMSPANIEL.COM/PSCIR-265-2015 Overview 1. Ukraine Update 2. Civil War Termination Commitment Problem 3. Critical

More information

I. Conceptual Organization: Evolution & Longevity Framework (Dr. Allison Astorino- Courtois, 3 NSI)

I. Conceptual Organization: Evolution & Longevity Framework (Dr. Allison Astorino- Courtois, 3 NSI) I. Conceptual Organization: Evolution & Longevity Framework (Dr. Allison Astorino- Courtois, 3 NSI) The core value of any SMA project is in bringing together analyses based in different disciplines, methodologies,

More information

Wars in the Middle East

Wars in the Middle East Level 2-5 Wars in the Middle East Rob Waring Summary This book is about conflicts in the Middle East and the reasons behind them Contents Before Reading Think Ahead 2 Vocabulary 3 During Reading Comprehension

More information

TERRORISM. What actually it is?

TERRORISM. What actually it is? WRITTEN BY: M.Rehan Asghar BSSE 15126 Ahmed Sharafat BSSE 15109 Anam Hassan BSSE 15127 Faizan Ali Khan BSSE 15125 Wahab Rehman BSCS 15102 TERRORISM What actually it is? Terrorism What actually it is? Terrorism

More information

National Defense University. Center for Strategic Communications. Choosing Words Carefully: Language to Help Fight Islamic Terrorism

National Defense University. Center for Strategic Communications. Choosing Words Carefully: Language to Help Fight Islamic Terrorism National Defense University Center for Strategic Communications Choosing Words Carefully: Language to Help Fight Islamic Terrorism Dr. Douglas E. Streusand LTC Harry D. Tunnell IV May 23, 2006 The views

More information

Horn of A rica (HOA)

Horn of A rica (HOA) Africa, Asia, and the Pacific Rim Chapter 12 Sources of African Terrorism Difficult to single out terrorism in Africa Source of conventional and guerilla wars, several revolutions, and criminal violence

More information

The Difference Between Terrorism and Insurgency

The Difference Between Terrorism and Insurgency Like 0 Tweet 0 5 The Difference Between Terrorism and Insurgency Security Weekly JUNE 26, 2014 08:17 GMT! Print Text Size + By Scott Stewart Stratfor conventional military battles against the Syrian and

More information

Gauging the Jihadist Movement, Part 2: Insurgent and Terrorist Theory

Gauging the Jihadist Movement, Part 2: Insurgent and Terrorist Theory Like 5 Tweet 0 2 Gauging the Jihadist Movement, Part 2: Insurgent and Terrorist Theory Security Weekly Wednesday, November 20, 2013-12:30! Print Text Size + By Scott Stewart Editor's Note: The following

More information

. 2. Select region - 5. the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). It seeks to establish a regional,

. 2. Select region - 5. the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). It seeks to establish a regional, 1. Go to: globalawarenessmap.org. 2. Select region - 5 3. Select country -Iraq/Syria 1. ISIS EMERGENCE & GOALS: GOALS: These questions are designed to increase student's knowledge of the ISISterrorist

More information

Civil Wars, Violence, and International Responses project The Evolution of Armed Groups: Crafting Effective Responses Workshop 7 November 2017

Civil Wars, Violence, and International Responses project The Evolution of Armed Groups: Crafting Effective Responses Workshop 7 November 2017 Civil Wars, Violence, and International Responses project The Evolution of Armed Groups: Crafting Effective Responses Workshop 7 November 2017 Martha Crenshaw Stanford University Transnational Jihadism

More information

Campion School Model United Nations

Campion School Model United Nations Fourth Session: October 8 th 9 th, 2016 Campion School Model United Nations Forensics Group Discussion Faith and Freedom Chair: Dafni Paraschi Co-Chair: Stella Varsami Campion School Model United Nations

More information

Playing With Fire: Pitfalls of Egypt s Security Tactics

Playing With Fire: Pitfalls of Egypt s Security Tactics Position Paper Playing With Fire: Pitfalls of Egypt s Security Tactics This paper was originally written in Arabic by: Al Jazeera Center for Studies Translated into English by: The Afro-Middle East Centre

More information

COUNTRY RANK North Korea Somalia

COUNTRY RANK North Korea Somalia 2015 The World Watch List (WWL) is a ranking of 50 countries where persecution of Christians for religious reasons is most severe. Open Doors works in the world s most oppressive countries, strengthening

More information

HILLWOODS ACADEMY MUN Society

HILLWOODS ACADEMY MUN Society Background Guide: Intra MUN Class(IX-XI) Note: Before reading this, kindly refer to documents related to researching, lobbying and Rules of Procedures uploaded on the Hillwoods website. HISTORY OF MAJOR

More information

Before the Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade Subcommittee of the Committee on Foreign Affairs

Before the Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade Subcommittee of the Committee on Foreign Affairs December 2, 2015 How to Defeat ISIS Prepared statement by Max Boot Jeane J. Kirkpatrick Senior Fellow for National Security Studies Council on Foreign Relations Before the Terrorism, Nonproliferation,

More information

SAUDI ARABIA. and COUNTERTERRORISM FACT SHEET: FIGHTING AND DEFEATING DAESH MAY 2017

SAUDI ARABIA. and COUNTERTERRORISM FACT SHEET: FIGHTING AND DEFEATING DAESH MAY 2017 SAUDI ARABIA and COUNTERTERRORISM FACT SHEET: FIGHTING AND DEFEATING DAESH MAY 2017 Saudi Arabia is the main target of Daesh (ISIS) and other terror groups because it is the birthplace of Islam and home

More information

Iraq - Researched and compiled by the Refugee Documentation Centre of Ireland on Tuesday 30 & Wednesday 31 January 2018

Iraq - Researched and compiled by the Refugee Documentation Centre of Ireland on Tuesday 30 & Wednesday 31 January 2018 Iraq - Researched and compiled by the Refugee Documentation Centre of Ireland on Tuesday 30 & Wednesday 31 January 2018 Treatment of atheists including by ISIS; In January 2018 Public Radio International

More information

HEADLINES: ISIS AT THE DOOR EPHESIANS 6:10-18 JUNE 7, 2015

HEADLINES: ISIS AT THE DOOR EPHESIANS 6:10-18 JUNE 7, 2015 1 HEADLINES: ISIS AT THE DOOR EPHESIANS 6:10-18 JUNE 7, 2015 Whether you watch the news on TV, read the newspaper, or get your news online, you ve heard of ISIS, which stands for Islamic State in Iraq

More information

describes and condemns is an ideology followed by a fraction of over a billion followers.

describes and condemns is an ideology followed by a fraction of over a billion followers. It IS about Islam: Exposing the Truth about ISIS, Al-Qaeda, Iran, and the Caliphate Glenn Beck New York: (Threshold Editions: Simon & Schuster, Inc., 2015) Rs 399 G lenn Beck through It IS About Islam:

More information

Island Model United Nations Military Staff Committee. Military Staff Committee Background Guide ISLAND MODEL UNITED NATIONS

Island Model United Nations Military Staff Committee. Military Staff Committee Background Guide ISLAND MODEL UNITED NATIONS Background Guide ISLAND MODEL UNITED NATIONS Dear Delegates, I would like to formally welcome you to the at IMUN 2014. My name is Tyler Pickford and I will be your Director for the duration of the conference.

More information

Issue Overview: Sunni-Shiite divide

Issue Overview: Sunni-Shiite divide Issue Overview: Sunni-Shiite divide By Bloomberg, adapted by Newsela staff on 10.06.16 Word Count 731 Level 1010L TOP: First Friday prayers of Ramadan at the East London Mosque in London, England. Photo

More information

After the Paris Attacks Implications for the Transatlantic Security Debate

After the Paris Attacks Implications for the Transatlantic Security Debate NDC Research Report Research Division NATO Defense College 16 January 2015 After the Paris Attacks Implications for the Transatlantic Security Debate by Andreas Jacobs / Jean-Loup Samaan 1 Almost ten years

More information

Boko Haram. June 17, 2014 by Kaisa Stucke and Bill O'Grady of Confluence Investment Management

Boko Haram. June 17, 2014 by Kaisa Stucke and Bill O'Grady of Confluence Investment Management Boko Haram June 17, 2014 by Kaisa Stucke and Bill O'Grady of Confluence Investment Management On April 14, the Nigerian terrorist group Boko Haram kidnapped 276 girls from their school in the town of Chibok,

More information

United Nations Security Council

United Nations Security Council United Nations Security Council The UN Charter established six main organs of the United Nations, including the Security Council. It gives primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and

More information

SIMULATION : The Middle East after the territorial elimination of the Islamic state in Iraq and Syria

SIMULATION : The Middle East after the territorial elimination of the Islamic state in Iraq and Syria SIMULATION : The Middle East after the territorial elimination of the Islamic state in Iraq and Syria Three foreign research institutions participate in the simulation: China Foreign Affairs University

More information

To: Date: :15 Subject: Congrats!

To: Date: :15 Subject: Congrats! 1 of 10 10/13/2016 10:35 AM Return to search (/podesta-emails/) View email View source From:john.podesta@gmail.com To: hrod17@clintonemail.com Date: 2014-09-27 15:15 Subject: Congrats! Send our love to

More information

This document is downloaded from DR-NTU, Nanyang Technological University Library, Singapore.

This document is downloaded from DR-NTU, Nanyang Technological University Library, Singapore. This document is downloaded from DR-NTU, Nanyang Technological University Library, Singapore. Title The Jihadist Threat in Southeast Asia: An Al Qaeda and IS-centric Architecture? Author(s) Bilveer Singh

More information

Tech Savvy Militants in the Age of ICT Globalization: Online Radicalization to Violent Extremism in Kenya

Tech Savvy Militants in the Age of ICT Globalization: Online Radicalization to Violent Extremism in Kenya Issue No: 3, September 2017 Tech Savvy Militants in the Age of ICT Globalization: Online Radicalization to Violent Extremism in Kenya WORKING PAPER By Dr. Wilson Muna The introduction of the 21 st century

More information

By the Numbers Movie How We Measured the Stats

By the Numbers Movie How We Measured the Stats By the Numbers Movie How We Measured the Stats Summary Our goal in the short film By the Numbers is to provide a factual picture according to available data as to how radicalized the Muslim world is. Our

More information

Understanding Jihadism

Understanding Jihadism Understanding Jihadism Theory Islam Ancient religion of 1.5 billion people Diversity of beliefs, practices, and politics Modernists, traditionalists and orthodox (80-85%?) Islamism (salafi Islam, fundamentalism)

More information

Al-Qaeda versus the ISIS

Al-Qaeda versus the ISIS Al-Qaeda versus the ISIS Wing Commander Kiran Krishnan Nair Research Fellow, CAPS Background: Hindsight is always 6/6, the problem is with foresight. All the think-tanks and the mounds of literature across

More information

The downing of a Russian passenger plane over Egypt s Sinai

The downing of a Russian passenger plane over Egypt s Sinai ISIS Goes Global Fight the Islamic State by Targeting Its Affiliates Daniel Byman The downing of a Russian passenger plane over Egypt s Sinai Peninsula last October, for which the Islamic State (also known

More information

Islam and Christianity Intersections Class - Spring 2017

Islam and Christianity Intersections Class - Spring 2017 Islam and Christianity Intersections Class - Spring 2017 rd April 23 April 30th May 7th May 14th May 21st Course Outline The History of Islam Culture of Islam Islam and Christianity Bridging the Divide

More information

Boko Haram is so diffuse that fighters associated with it don't necessarily follow Salafi doctrine.

Boko Haram is so diffuse that fighters associated with it don't necessarily follow Salafi doctrine. Backgrounders Boko Haram Authors: Mohammed Aly Sergie, and Toni Johnson Updated: October 7, 2014 Introduction Boko Haram, a diffuse Islamist sect, has attacked Nigeria's police and military, politicians,

More information

Fighting the Long War-- Military Strategy for the War on Terrorism

Fighting the Long War-- Military Strategy for the War on Terrorism Executive Lecture Forum Radvanyi Chair in International Security Studies Mississippi State University Fighting the Long War-- Military Strategy for the War on Terrorism Rear Admiral Bill Sullivan Vice

More information

Islam and Terrorism. Nov. 28, 2016 Clarity in defining the enemy is essential to waging war.

Islam and Terrorism. Nov. 28, 2016 Clarity in defining the enemy is essential to waging war. Islam and Terrorism Nov. 28, 2016 Clarity in defining the enemy is essential to waging war. Originally produced on Nov. 21, 2016 for Mauldin Economics, LLC George Friedman The United States has been at

More information

Islamic State in Somalia

Islamic State in Somalia Islamic State in Somalia The Islamic State in Somalia (short: ISS) or Abnaa ul-calipha is an Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant-affiliated group that primarily operates in the mountainous areas of Puntland,

More information

9/11 BEFORE, DAY OF, AND AFTER WHAT HAPPENED AND WHY?

9/11 BEFORE, DAY OF, AND AFTER WHAT HAPPENED AND WHY? 9/11 BEFORE, DAY OF, AND AFTER WHAT HAPPENED AND WHY? WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT 9/11? Go to TeachTCI.com and take the 9/11 Test. When done write a journal entry telling me 5 things that happened on 9/11.

More information

Synopsis: Terrorism in the Middle East

Synopsis: Terrorism in the Middle East Synopsis: Terrorism in the Middle East Thesis: Terrorism is at its highest in the Middle East, taking into consideration the amount of terror attacks happening in and out of these nations due to the provided

More information

House Armed Services Committee Hearing What is the State of Islamic Extremism: Key Trends, Challenges and Implications for U.S.

House Armed Services Committee Hearing What is the State of Islamic Extremism: Key Trends, Challenges and Implications for U.S. House Armed Services Committee Hearing What is the State of Islamic Extremism: Key Trends, Challenges and Implications for U.S. Policy Testimony of William Braniff Executive Director National Consortium

More information

ESAM [Economic and Social Resource Center] 26 th Congress of International Union of Muslim Communities Global Crises, Islamic World and the West"

ESAM [Economic and Social Resource Center] 26 th Congress of International Union of Muslim Communities Global Crises, Islamic World and the West ESAM [Economic and Social Resource Center] 26 th Congress of International Union of Muslim Communities Global Crises, Islamic World and the West" 14-15 November 2017- Istanbul FINAL DECLARATION In the

More information

Pakistan - Researched and compiled by the Refugee Documentation Centre of Ireland on 25 April 2012

Pakistan - Researched and compiled by the Refugee Documentation Centre of Ireland on 25 April 2012 Pakistan - Researched and compiled by the Refugee Documentation Centre of Ireland on 25 April 2012 Treatment of Hazara s in Pakistan An article in Dawn from April 2012 points out that: Eight more people

More information

Global Affairs May 13, :00 GMT Print Text Size. Despite a rich body of work on the subject of militant Islam, there is a distinct lack of

Global Affairs May 13, :00 GMT Print Text Size. Despite a rich body of work on the subject of militant Islam, there is a distinct lack of Downloaded from: justpaste.it/l46q Why the War Against Jihadism Will Be Fought From Within Global Affairs May 13, 2015 08:00 GMT Print Text Size By Kamran Bokhari It has long been apparent that Islamist

More information

Addressing Terrorism. Iraq Syria. And Beyond

Addressing Terrorism. Iraq Syria. And Beyond Addressing Terrorism In Iraq Syria And Beyond 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction of the Committee 2 Statement of the Problem 2 Key Players and Bloc Positions 5 Questions to Consider 9 Suggestions for Further

More information