Basic Introduction to Arabic Introduction: Table of Contents Lesson number Title Page

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1 Basic Introduction to Arabic Introduction: This is an extract from the Moroccan Arabic book. You will notice that we did not follow the book page by page. We rather picked some key elements in the book that a beginner can do on his/her own. Page numbers refer to the complete book not this PDF guide. The Arabic readings in these lessons are done by our Language and Culture Facilitators. Table of Contents Lesson number Title Page Lesson 1 Arabic Alphabet 1 Lesson 2 Greeting Expressions 5 Lesson 3 Greetings Dialogue 6 Lesson 4 Independent Pronouns 7 Lesson 5 Possessive Pronouns 8 Lesson 6 Describing Oneself 10 Lesson 7 Describing Oneself (practice dialogue) 11 Lesson 8 Demonstrative Pronouns/Adjectives 14 Lesson 9 Mealtime Expressions 19 Lesson 10 Thanking Expressions 19 Lesson 11 Expressions for nighttime 20 Lesson 12 Hygiene 20 Lesson 13 Offering Help 20 Lesson 14 Being sick 21 Lesson 15 Transportation Expressions 21 Lesson 16 Responding to difficulties/apologies 21 Lesson 17 Congratulations 21 Lesson 18 Communication 21 Lesson 19 Numerals 22 Lesson 20 Numerals 24 Lesson 21 Numerals 25 Lesson 22 Time 30 Lesson 23 Exercises about Time 31 Lesson 24 Shopping 34 Lesson 25 Shopping Expressions 34/35 Lesson 26 Practice Dialogue/Shopping 35 Lesson 27 Verb to want 36 Lesson 28 Family Members 38/39 Lesson 29 Family Expressions 39 Lesson 30 Family practice text 41 The text accompanies the following ten (10) audio tracks: MO_Arabic_Lesson_1-3.mp3 (Time: 4:05) (File Size: 3.74 MB) MO_Arabic_Lesson_4-6.mp3 (Time: 3:32) (File Size: 3.23 MB) MO_Arabic_Lesson_7-9.mp3 (Time: 3:42) (File Size: 3.39 MB) MO_Arabic_Lesson_10-12.mp3 (Time: 2:20) (File Size: 2.14 MB) MO_Arabic_Lesson_13-15.mp3 (Time: 1:28) (File Size: 1.35 MB) MO_Arabic_Lesson_16-18.mp3 (Time: 1:13) (File Size: 1.11 MB) MO_Arabic_Lesson_19-21.mp3 (Time: 2:19) (File Size: 2.12 MB) MO_Arabic_Lesson_22-24.mp3 (Time: 5:10) (File Size: 4.73 MB) MO_Arabic_Lesson_25-27.mp3 (Time: 3:17) (File Size: 3.00 MB) MO_Arabic_Lesson_28-30.mp3 (Time: 4:25) (File Size: 4.04 MB)

2 Page 1 Lesson 1 Arabic Alphabet Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 2

3 Lesson 2 Page 5 Greeting expressions and appropriate responses A: Peace be upon you B: And peace be upon you (too) A: Good morning B: Good morning A: Good afternoon / evening B: Good afternoon / evening s-salamu alaykumع wa alaykumع s-salam sḅaн l-xir sḅaн l-xir msa l-xir msa l-xir الس لام ع ل يك م و ع ل يك م الس لام صباح الخير صباح الخير مسا الخير مسا الخير سمية name smiya شنو سميتك smitk? What s your name? šnu سميتي... smiti... my name... سميتك... smitk... your name... سميتو... smitu... his name... سميتها... smitha... her name... متشرفين Nice to meet you. mtšrfin آيف داير dayr? How are you (masc.)? kif آيف دايرة dayra? How are you (fem.)? kif لا باس labas? Are you fine? لا باس ال ح مد االله Good, thanks be to God. labas, l-нamdullah ب خير الح مد االله Good, thanks be to God. bixir, l-нamdullah آ لشي ب خير Everything is fine. kulši bixir ب السلامة Good-bye bslama ل يلة سعيدة saعida Good night layla Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 3

4 Lesson 3 Page 6 Greetings Dialogue John: s-salamu. alaykumع Mohamed: wa alaykumع s-salam. John: kif dayr? Mohamed: labas, l-нamdullah. u nta? John: bixir, l-нamdullah. Mohamed: šnu smitk? John: smiti John. u nta? Mohamed: smiti Mohamed. John: mtšrfin. Mohamed: mtšrfin. دجون : الس لام ع ل يك م محمد : و ع ل يك م الس لام دجون : آيف داير محمد : لا باس الح مد االله. و نت دجون : ب خير الح مد االله محمد : شنو سميتك دجون : سميتي دجون. و نت محمد : سميتي محمد دجون : متشرفين محمد : متشرفين Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 4

5 Lesson 4 Page7 Independent Pronouns We call the following pronouns independent because they are not attached to other words, such as nouns, verbs, or prepositions. The pronouns are often used in a number of different ways. أنا I ana you (masc. singular) nta نت you (fem. singular) nti نت he huwa ه و she hiya ه ي we нna حنا you (plural) ntuma نت ما ه ما they huma Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 5

6 Lesson 5 Page 8 Possessive Pronouns In Darija, a suffix (ending) may be added to the end of words in order to express possession. my i / ya * ي / يا T ك your (singular) k his u / h * و / ه T ها her ha نا our na ك م your (plural) kum ه م their hum * For the my and his forms, the first ending is used for words ending in consonants, while the second is used with words ending in vowels. For example, smiti (my name), but xuya (my brother). Example of possessive pronouns with the noun book. book ktab آتاب my book ktabi آتابي your (sing.) book ktabk آتابك his book ktabu آتابو her book ktabha آتابها our book ktabna آتابنا your (plur.) book ktabkum آتابك م their book ktabhum آتابه م Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 6

7 Page 10 Lesson 6 Describing Oneself: Nationalities, Cities, and Marital Status Vocabulary and Expressions Where are you (masc.) from? nta? mnin منين نت Where are you (fem.) from? nti? mnin منين نت I am from the U.S. mirikan. ana mn أنا من م ريكان. I am American. mirikani(ya). ana أنا م ريكاني (ة). I am from Morocco. l-mġrib. ana mn أنا من المغر ب. I am Moroccan. mġribi(ya). ana أنا مغر بي (ة). Are you...??... nta/nti weš واش نت / نت... Are you from the U.S.? mirikan? weš nta/nti mn واش نت / نت من م ريكان Where are you from in the U.S.? mirikan? mnin nta/nti f منين نت / نت ف م ريكان And you? nta/nti? u و نت / نت city mdina مدينة state wilaya و لاية big (fem.) kbira آبيرة small (fem.) s ġira صغيرة Excuse me. (to man / woman) smн li / smнi li سمح لي / سمحي لي I am not maši ana أنا ماشي... but welakin و ل ك ن engaged (fem.) mxt uba مخطوبة married (masc. / fem.) mzuwj / mzuwja مزو ج / مزو جة No, not yet. lla mazal / lla baqi لا مازال / لا باقي Are you a tourist? turist? weš nta/nti واش نت / نت ت ريست I work with the Peace Corps. ana xddam(a) mعa hay'at s-salam. أنا خد ام (ة) مع ه يي ة الس لام. Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 7

8 Lesson 7 Page 11 Dialogue Fatima: s-salamu. alaykumع فاط مة : الس لام ع ل يك م s-salam. alaykumع Tom: wa طوم : و ع ل يك م الس لام Fatima: smн li, weš nta fransawi? فاط مة : سمح لي واش نت فر نساوي Tom: lla, ana mirikani. طوم : لا أنا م ريكاني. Fatima: mnin f mirikan? فاط مة : منين ف م ريكان من مدينة سياتل ف و لاية واشنط ن. و Washington. Tom: mn mdint Seattle f wilayat u nti? طوم : نت Fatima: mn Rabat. فاط مة : من الرباط. Tom: šнal f? mrkع طوم : شحال ف عمرك Fatima: tnayn u šrinع. amع u nta? فاط مة : تن ين و عشرين عام. و نت Tom: rbعa u tlatin. amع طوم : ربعة و تلاتين عام. Fatima: weš nta mzuwj wlla mazal? فاط مة : واش نت مزوج ولا مازال Tom: mazal. u nti? طوم : مازال. و نت Fatima: lla, baqiya. weš nta turist? فاط مة : لا باقية. واش نت توريست Tom: lla, ana xddam mعa hay'at s-salam. Fatima: bslama. Tom: n-šufk mn bعd. طوم : لا أنا خد ام مع ه يي ة الس لام. فاط مة : ب السلامة. طوم : نشوفك من بعد. Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 8

9 Lesson 8 Page 14 Demonstrative Adjectives & Demonstrative Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns ه دا this (masc.) hada ه دي this (fem.) hadi ه دو these (plur.) hadu ه داك that (masc.) hadak ه ديك that (fem.) hadik ه دوك those (plur.) haduk These forms may be used at the beginning of a sentence, in the middle or at the end of a sentence, or in questions. In Arabic, these pronouns can represent people. This is a chair. kursi. hada ه دا آ رسي. This is a table. tḅla. hadi ه دي طبلة. This is Abdallah. Abdallah. hada ه دا عبداالله. This is Aicha. Aicha. hadi ه دي عيشة. What s this? (masc. object) hada? šnu / aš شنو / أش ه دا What s this? (fem. object) hadi? šnu / aš شنو / أش ه دي Who is this? (masc.) hada? škun شكون ه دا Who is this? (fem.) hadi? škun شكون ه دي What is that? (masc. object) hadak? šnu / aš شنو / أش ه داك Who is that? (fem.) hadik? škun شكون ه ديك Demonstrative Adjectives this/these (masc. / fem. / plur.) had ه د that (masc.) dak داك that (fem.) dik ديك those (plur.) duk دوك Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 9

10 Page19 Lesson 9 Mealtime Expressions In the name of God (said when you begin an activity: eating, drinking, working, studying, traveling, etc.). bismillah ب سم االله Thanks to God (said after finishing a meal, or after expressing that all is well in life). I don t eat... meat eggs fish chicken l-нamdullah ma-kan-akul-š...l-lнm l-bid l-нut d-djaj الح مد االله ما آ ناآلش اللحم / البيض / الحوت / الدجاج. آ نشرب أتاي / القهوة بلا سك ر. skkar. I drink tea / coffee without sugar. kan-šrb atay / l-qhwa bla آ ناآل آ لشي. kulši. I eat everything. kan-akul آ ناآل غير الخضرة. l-xodṛa. I eat vegetables only. kan-akul ġir ما في ا ما ياآ ل. ma-y-akul. I don t feel like eating. ma-fiya بغيت غير ġir I want just/only... bġit ما بغيتش نفطر. n-ftṛ. I don t want to have breakfast. ma-bġit-š الماآلة بنينة. bnina. The food is delicious. l-makla شبعت. šbعt. I m full. بغيت نتعل م نطي ب. n-tịyb. n-tعllm I want to learn how to cook. bġit May God replenish / reward you. (said after a meal to thank host) lla y-xlf. االله يخلف. To your health (said to someone after eating, drinking, coming out of the hammam, wearing new clothes, having a hair cut, etc.) May God grant you health too. (response to the above) bsṣ ннa. lla y-عtik sṣ ннa ب الصح ة. االله يعطيك الصح ة. Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 10

11 Lesson 10 Thanking Expressions ش كرا šukran. Thank you. بلا جميل. jmil. You re welcome. bla Page 20 Lesson 11 Expressions for Nighttime / Sleeping أنا عي ان.. iyanع I m tired. (male speaker) ana أنا عي انة.. iyanaع I m tired. (female speaker) ana بغيت نقرى شوية. šwiya. I want to read a little bit. bġit n-qra بغيت ن عس. n-nعs. I want to go to bed. bġit فين غادي ن عس n-nعs. Where I am going to sleep? fin ġadi Excuse me, I want to go to bed. (addressing a group of people) smнu li, bġit n-mši n-nعs. سمحو لي بغيت نمشي ن عس. بغيت ن عس بكري. bkri. n-nعs I want to go to bed early. bġit بغيت نفيق بكري. bkri. I want to get up early. bġit n-fiq بغيت واحد المانطة. l-mant a. I want a blanket. bġit waнd Lesson 12 Hygiene/Cleanliness Expressions I want to wash my hands with soap. bġit n-ġsl yddi b s -sạbun. بغيت نغسل يد ي ب الصابون. بغيت نغسل سناني. snani. I want to brush my teeth. bġit n-ġsl I want hot water, please.. afakع bġit l-ma s-sxun بغيت الما السخون. I want to take a shower. n-duwš. bġit بغيت ندو ش. I want to go to the hammam. l-нmmam. bġit n-mši بغيت نمشي الحم ام. I want to change my clothes. нwayji. bġit n-bddl بغيت نبد ل حوايجي. Where is the toilet? l-ma? fin bit فين بيت الما I want to do laundry. нwayji. bġit n-sḅbn بغيت نصب ن حوايجي. فين يمكن نصب ن حوايجي. нwayji. Where can I do laundry? fin ymkn n-sḅbn Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 11

12 Lesson 13 Offering Help / Asking for Favors واش نعاونك n-عawnk? Can I help you? weš سمح لي. li. Excuse me. (to a man) smн سمحي لي. li. Excuse me. (to a woman) smнi عطيني... ع فاك.. afakع... tịniع please. Give me... Page 21 Lesson 14 Being Sick أنا مريض. mrid. I m sick. (male speaker) ana أنا مريضة. mridạ. I m sick. (female speaker) ana بغيت نرتاح سوي ة. swiya. I want to rest a bit. bġit n-rtaн بريتي شوي ة šwiya? Do you feel better? briti Lesson 15 Transportation Expressions بغيت نمشي ل l I want to go to... bġit n-mši د يني ل... ع فاك.. afakع... l Take me to... please. ddini وقف هنا ع فاك.. afakع Stop here, please. wqf hna واش الكونتور خد ام xddam? Is the meter on? weš l-kuntur خد م الكونتور ع فاك.. afakع Turn on the meter, please. xddm l-kuntur Lesson 16 Responses to Problems/Difficulties/Apologies ماشي م شك ل. muškil. It s not a problem. maši ما آاين م شك ل. muškil. There is no problem. ma-kayn Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 12

13 Lesson 17 Congratulations مبروك Congratulations. mbruk مبروك العيد. l-عid. Happy holiday. mbruk May God grant you grace. (response to the above) lla y-bark fik. االله يبارك فيك. Lesson 18 Communication ما فهمتش. ma-fhmt-š. I don t understand. ما نعرف. ma-n-عrf. I don t know. ب شوية ع فاك.. afakع Slowly please. b šwiya عاود ع فاك.. afakع awdع man) Repeat please. (to a عاودي ع فاك.. afakع awdiع woman) Repeat please. (to a شنو گلتي glti? What did you say? šnu Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 13

14 Page 22 Lesson 19 Numerals Numbers 1 thru 10 In Moroccan Arabic, there are two ways to combine the numbers 3 through 10 with an object. We sometimes use the full or normal form of the number, and sometimes we use a short form of the number. Here is a table listing the full form of numbers 1-10 and the short form of numbers Full Forms Short Forms one (masc.) waнd واحد Ø Ø one (fem.) wнda وحدة Ø Ø two juj جوج Ø Ø three tlata تلاتة tlt تلت four rbعa ربعة عrb ربع five xmsa خمسة xms خمس six stta ست ة stt ست seven sbعa سبعة عsb سبع eight tmnya تمنية tmn تمن nine tsعud تسعود عts تسع ten šraع عشرة šrع عشر Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 14

15 Page 24 Lesson 20 Numbers 11 thru 19 The numbers 11 thru 19 do not have a short form. Only numbers 3 thru 10 have a short form. حضاش eleven нdạš طناش twelve tṇaš تلطاش thirteen tltạš ربعطاش rbعtạš fourteen خمسطاش fifteen xmst aš سط اش sixteen stṭạš سبعطاش sbعtạš seventeen تمنطاش eighteen tmnt aš تسعطاش tsعtạš nineteen Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 15

16 Page 25 Lesson 21 Numbers 20, 30, For a multiple of ten (20, 30, 40 etc.) in Arabic, we simply use the name for that number, like in English. For numbers such as 21, 22, or 23, however, it is not like English. In Arabic, the ones digit is pronounced first, followed by the word and, then followed by the tens digit. For example, in Arabic the number 21 is literally one and twenty while the number 47 is literally seven and forty. Also, remember that for the numbers 22, 32, 42, 52, 62, 72, 82, and 92, we do not use juj. Rather, we use tnayn. Here is a list of the multiples of ten, with examples of numbers between each multiple: عشرين šrinع twenty twenty-one literally: one and twenty twenty-two literally: two and twenty Remember: tnayn, not juj twenty-three literally: three and twenty waнd u šrinع tnayn u šrinع tlata u šrinع واحد و عشرين تن ين و عشرين تلاتة و عشرين ربعة و عشرين šrinع rbعa u twenty-four تلاتين thirty tlatin thirty-one waнd u tlatin واحد و تلاتين thirty-two tnayn u tlatin تن ين و تلاتين thirty-three tlata u tlatin تلاتة و تلاتين ربعين rbعin forty forty-one rbعin waнd u واحد و ربعين forty-two rbعin tnayn u تن ين و ربعين fifty xmsin خمسين sixty sttin ست ين seventy sbعin سبعين eighty tmanin تمانين ninety tsعin تسعين تسعود و تسعين tsعin tsعud u ninety-nine Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 16

17 Page 30 Lesson 22 Time To express time, we use the demonstrative pronoun hadi and the appropriate number with the definite article. This means that for 1:00, 5:00, 10:00, and 11:00, we will use the letter l (ل) before the number, while for the others, we will double the first consonant. السبعة s-sbعa seven الوحدة one l-wнda التمنية eight t-tmnya الجوج two j-juj التسعود t-tsعud nine التلاتة three t-tlata العشرة l-عšra ten الربعة r-rbعa four الحضاش eleven l-нdạš الخمسة five l-xmsa الطناش twelve t -tṇaš الست ة six s-stta Like in English, Arabic uses certain words to express things like quarter to five, half past seven, etc. ت ل ت twenty minutes tulut قل before ql نص half ns و and u لا ر ب quarter to lla rob نيشان exactly nišan قصم five minutes qsṃ ربع عrb quarter قصم ين ten minutes qsṃayn Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 17

18 Page 31 Lesson 23 Some examples of asking and answering about time: شحال ه دي ف الساعة s-saعa? What time is it? šнal hadi f It is exactly one o clock. nišan. hadi l-wнda ه دي الوحدة نيشان. It is five minutes past two. qsṃ. hadi j-juj u ه دي الجوج و قصم. ه دي التلاتة و قصم ين. qsṃayn. It is ten minutes past three. hadi t-tlata u ه دي الربعة و ربع..عrb r-rbعa u It is a quarter past four. hadi ه دي الخمسة و ت ل ت. tulut. It is twenty minutes past five. hadi l-xmsa u It is twenty-five minutes past six. hadi s-stta u xmsa u. šrinع ه دي الست ة و خمسة و عشرين. ه دي السبعة و نص. ns. s-sbعa u It is seven thirty. hadi It is eight thirty-five. tlatin. hadi tmnya u xmsa u ه دي التمنية و خمسة و تلاتين. It is twenty minutes to nine. tulut. t-tsعud ql hadi ه دي التسعود قل ت ل ت. It is a quarter to ten. rob. l-عšra lla hadi ه دي العشرة لا ر ب. It is ten minutes to eleven qsṃayn. hadi l-нdạš ql ه دي الحضاش قل قصم ين. It is five minutes to twelve. qsṃ. hadi t -tṇaš ql ه دي الطناش قل قصم. 6:30 A.M. s-stta u ns d s -sḅaн الست ة و نص د الصباح 5:15 P.M. l-عšiya d عrb l-xmsa u الخمسة و ربع د العشية. Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 18

19 Page 34 Lesson 24 At the Hanoot Vocabulary آاو آاو peanuts kaw kaw حانوت store нanut اللوز almonds l-luz مول الحانوت store keeper mul l-нanut القرعة l-qrعa bottle المونادا soda l-monada قرعة د الما qrعa d l-ma bottle of water الشكلاط chocolate š-šklat آل ن كس Kleenex kliniks الحلوة candies l-нlwa پاپ يي ج نيك toilet paper ppapiyi jinik المسكة gum l-mska دونت فريس tooth paste dontifris الب سكوي cookies l-biskwi الصابون soap s -sạbun الع صير l-عasịr juice الش مبوان shampoo š-šampwan الخ بز bread l-xubz تيد detergent tid الك نف تور jam l-konfitur جاڤيل bleach javel الزبدة butter z-zbda eggs l-bid البيض batteries l-нjrat d r-radyu الحجرات د الراديو الرازوار razor r-razwar دانون yogurt danon الصاآة tobacco store s -sạka الحليب milk l-нlib ال گار و cigarettes l-garru القهوة coffee l-qhwa باآية / بكيات bakiya(t) package(s) أتاي tea atay الس كر sugar s-skkar الفلوس money l-flus الفرماج cheese l-frmaj الصرف change s -sṛf الزيت oil z-zit Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 19

20 Page 34/35 Lesson 25 Shopping Expressions واش عندك...?... ndkع Do you have...? weš إيه عندي.. ndiع iyeh, Yes, I do (have). لا ما عنديش. ma-عndi-š. No, I don t (have). lla, واش آاين...?... kayn Is there...? weš إيه آاين / موجود Yes, there is. (masc.) iyeh, kayn / mujud إيه آاينة / موجودة Yes, there is. (fem.) iyeh, kayna / mujuda لا ما آاينش ma-kayn-š. No, there isn t. (masc.) lla, لا ماآايناش ma-kayna-š. No, there isn t. (fem.) lla, عطيني... ع فاك.. afakع... tịniع please. Give me... شنو بغيتي أ ل لا / سيدي lalla/sidi? What do you want ma am / sir? šnu bġiti a بشحال bšнal? How much? واش عندك الصرف s -sṛf? ndkع Do you have change? weš واش عندك الصرف ديال... dyal..? ndkع s -sṛf Do you have change for...? weš Liters إترو liter itru ر ب ع إترو itru عrubu ¼ liter نص إترو ½ liter ns itru واحد إترو 1 liter waнd itru جوج إترو 2 liters juj itru بغيت نص إترو د الحليب. l-нlib. I want ½ a liter of milk. bġit ns itru d Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 20

21 Page 35 Lesson 26 Shopping : practice dialogue Dialogue Karla: s-salamu. alaykumع mul l-нanut: wa alaykumع s-salam. šnu bġiti a lalla? Karla: weš ndkع šklat? mul l-нanut: iyeh, mujud a lalla. Karla: tịniع juj bakiyat. bšнal? mul l-нanut: tṇaš l drhm. Karla: hak, barak llah u fik. mul l-нanut: bla jmil آارلا : الس لام ع ل يك م مول الحانوت : و ع ل يك م الس لام. شنو بغيتي أ ل لا آارلا : واش عندك شكلاط مول الحانوت : إيه موجود أ ل لا. آارلا : عطيني جوج ب كيات. بشحال مول الحانوت : طناش ل درهم. آارلا : هاك بار ك االله و فيك. مول الحانوت : بلا جميل.. 1 فين آاينة آارلا Karla? 1. feen kayna. 2 واش شرات الحليب l-нlib? 2. weš šrat. 3 شنو شرات من الحانوت l-нanut? 3. šnu šrat mn. 4 شحال من ب كية bakiya? 4. šнal mn. 5 بشحال bšнal? 5. Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 21

22 Page 36 Lesson 27 Verb to want In Moroccan Arabic, the verb to want is bġa ( T.(بغىT This verb uses the past tense but has a present tense meaning. When conjugated in the present tense, bġa means to like.. I want bġit بغيت you want (sing.) bġiti بغيتي he wants bġa بغى she wants bġat بغات we want bġina بغينا you want (plur.) bġitu بغيتو they want bġau بغاو Verb + Noun Examples بغيت أتاي. atay. I want tea. bġit واش بغيتي القهوة ب الس كر skkar? Do you want coffee with sugar? weš bġiti l-qhwa b علي بغى آاس د الما. l-ma. Ali wants a glass of water. Ali bġa kas d Driss and Fatima don t want soda. Driss u Fatima ma-bġau-š l-monada. دريس و فاط مة ما بغاوش المونادا. Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 22

23 Page 38/39 Lesson 28 Family Members Vocabulary woman/wife mra مرا in-law(s) nsib / nsab نسيب / نساب ربيب step-son rbib راجل man/husband rajl ربيبة step-daughter rbiba بنت girl/daughter bnt جد grandfather jdd ولد boy/son wld جد ة grandmother jdda بنات girls/daughters bnat boys/sons/ children عم mmع (paternal) uncle ولاد wlad عم ة mmaع (paternal) aunt الوال دين the parents l-walidin خال uncle (maternal) xal خالة These forms are aunt (maternal) xala الا ب the father l'ab الا م the mother l'om الا خ the brother l'ax الا خت the sister l'oxt rarely used in Moroccan Arabic. Sometimes they are used with dyal. More often, we use the forms my father, my sister, etc. خويا xu(ya) (my) brother خوت brothers/ siblings xut ختي xt(i) (my) sister خو تات sisters xwatat my nephew (brother s side) my niece (brother s side) my nephew (sister s side) my niece (sister s side) my cousin (mas., paternal) my cousin (mas., maternal) my cousin (fem, paternal) my cousin (fem, maternal) wld xuya bnt xuya wld xti bnt xti wld mm(t)iع wld xal(t)i bnt mm(t)iع bnt xal(t)i ولد خويا بنت خويا ولد ختي بنت ختي ولد عم ي/عم تي ولد خالي/خالتي بنت عم ي/عم تي بنت خالي/خالتي Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 23

24 my father bba ب ا my mother mmi م ي your father bbak ب اك your mother mmk م ك his father bbah ب اه his mother mmu م و مها her mother mha ب اها her father bbaha Page 39 Lesson 29 Family Expressions How is Mohamed related to you? aš kay-jeek Mohamed? أش آ يجيك م ح مد How is Amina related to you? Amina? aš kat-jeek أش آ تجيك أمينة My mom doesn t work. ma-xddama-š. mmi م ي ما خد اماش. My mom and dad are divorced. mt llqin. bba u mmi ب ا و م ي مطل قين. siblings. I have two twin twam. ndiع juj xut عندي جوج خوت توام. How many siblings do you have? šнal d l-xut? ndkع شحال د الخوت عندك How many sisters do you have?? ndkع šнal mn oxt شحال من أ خت عندك What s your father s name? bbak? šnu smit شنو سمية ب اك How old is your brother? xuk? mrع šнal f شحال ف عمر خوك brother. I have a younger mnni. ndiع xuya s ġr عندي خويا صغر من ي. My (male) cousin and I are the same age. ana u wld mmiع qd qd. أنا و ولد عم ي قد قد. ختي اللي آبر من ي أ ستادة. ustada. My older sister is a teacher. xti lli kbr mnni My younger brother goes to school. xuya lli s ġr mnni kay-qra. خويا اللي صغر من ي آ يقرى. Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 24

25 Page 41 Lesson 30 Practice Text smiti John. baba smitu Stephen u mama smitha Judy. ndiع tlata d l-xut: juj bnat u wld. xuya smitu Brian. huwa xddam f waнd š-šarika. xti Kathy. mzuwja u ndhaع jooj drari: wld u bnt. l-wld mazal s ġir nduع tlt šhur. l-bnt ndhaع tmn sneen u kat-mši l l-mdrasa. xti s -s ġira, Mary, mazal kat-qra f l-jamiعa. سميتي دجون. بابا سميتو ستيفن و ماما سميتها دجودي. عندي تلاتة د الخوت: جوج بنات و ولد. خويا سميتو بريان. ه و خد ام ف واحد الش ر آة. ختي آاثي. مزو جة و عندها جوج دراري: ولد و بنت. الولد مازال صغير عندو تلت شهور. البنت عندها تمن سنين و آ تمشي ل المدر سة. ختي الصغيرة ماري مازال آ تقرى ف الجام عة. smitu? 1. bat John, šnu. 1 بات دجون شنو سميتو smitha? 2. u mmu, šnu. 2 و م و شنو سميتها John? ndع 3. šнal d l-xut. 3 شحال د الخوت عند دجون John? l-عa'ila d 4. škun s -s ġir f. 4 شكون الصغير ف العاي لة د دجون xddama? 5. weš bnt xt John. 5 واش بنت خت دجون خد امة Arabic Basic Lessons, Peace Corps/Morocco 25

Peace Corps Morocco MOROCCAN ARABIC With CD. Ø U» «b«w «LG d O W. Moroccan Arabic Textbook

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