REVISION WORK HISTORY FORM 2

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1 REVISION WORK HISTORY FORM 2 Ex 1. Fill in the blanks When Duke William of Normandy defeated King Harold at the Battle of, he became the first Norman king of England. He set about ruling his new kingdom by building castles. First the English were forced to dig a large round. The earth from this was thrown into the middle to make a mound called a. On top of this they quickly built as wooden castle. Next to it they made space for a yard or. Around the castle and the yard they put a wooden. Exercise 2. The picture below shows a motte and bailey castle. Label the following: wooden keep, motte, ditch, gateway, drawbridge, bailey, wooden fence. Make sure you are neat and clear. Use a pencil and ruler to draw lines and a pen to write the words. Imagine you are inside the castle and you are under attack Write down two advantages of the castle in the image above. a. b. Write down two disadvantages of the castle in the image above.

2 a. b. Exercise 3. Read the paragraph below and fill in the blanks using appropriate words or dates to complete the information about the Crusades. During the Middle Ages Christians thought that the most important city in the world was. This was because had been killed and buried there. Every year, many Christians went there as. They made special visits to the Holy Places. This city was also very important to the followers of the religion because their leader, Mohammed, had gone up to Heaven from there. For many years the Christians were allowed to visit these Holy Places, but when the took control of the area they no longer allowed the Christians to visit. So, in 1095 the head of the Catholic Church, the, asked the Christian knights to win back the Holy Places. Exercise 4. Use the words in the word-bank below to write a paragraph about Islam. All the words must be used correctly. You may use the words more than once and you may change the order in which they are listed. [15 marks] Muslims Muhammad prophets Koran Mecca Medina Hejira ramadan pillars pray mosque minaret hajj

3 Exercise 5. Give one word for the following meanings: [5] The move from Mecca to Medina in AD 622. People who converted to Islam known as brothers of the Arabs A tax paid by those who did not convert to Islam A place where Muslims meet to pray Tall towers from which Muslims are called to prayer. Exercise 6. On the map below label the following places that the Vikings travelled to by putting their number on the map. Use a pencil. [5] 1 Scandinavia 2 England 3 Normandy 4 Italy 5 Iceland

4 Exercise 7. Underline the correct answer. [5] 1. The Vikings originated in: a. Finland, Russia and France. b. Sweden, Norway and Denmark. c. Iceland, Canada and France. 2. Two places the Vikings often raided were: a. England and France. b. Germany and Spain. c. Spain and Portugal. 3. The word Viking means a: a. war ship. b. pirate raid. c. wise tree. 4. The Vikings traded their furs for silk from a. France. b. Italy. c. China. 5. The Viking age lasted from about a AD. b AD. c AD. Exercise 8. Are these statements true or false? [10] a. The Vikings helped to establish the country of Russia. b. The Vikings travelled as far as Canada. c. The Vikings sold items like silk, spices and pottery. d. The Vikings never kept slaves. e. Viking cargo ships were called longships. f. Viking ships could only sail in open seas. g. The Vikings used letters called runes. h. The Viking religion consisted of myths about the gods. i. Odin was the trickster god. j. They believed that giants and elves lived in Middle Earth.

5 Exercise 9. Answer the following questions: a. What were the Vikings who settled in northern France called and why? [3] b. Name three weapons used by the Vikings. [3] c. Which English monastery was attacked by the Vikings? [1] d. Explain why the Viking culture and religion died out. [3] Exercise 10. Briefly explain the five pillars of Islam [10] shahada salat zakat saum hajj

6 Exercise 11: True or False? [5] 1 The Arabs came to Malta in 1066 AD. 2 The Arabs demolished parts of Mdina. 3 The Arabs influenced Maltese culture by introducing the cotton plant and the water wheel. 4 Before the Arabs came, Malta was ruled by the Western Roman Empire. 5 When the Arabs invaded Malta, the Maltese worshipped Roman gods and goddesses

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