3. Label the castes 4. What was their religion first called? What is it called today?

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1 6.1 Aryan Invasion Essential Question: How does religion shape society? Standard 6.24 and 6.25 Success Criteria: 1. The caste system emerged, or began, in India under which group of people? 2. Which is true about the Aryan invasion? a. They bring religious beliefs b. They bring new farming techniques c. They bring a new language d. They bring a social hierarchy 3. Label the castes 4. What was their religion first called? What is it called today?

2 Vocabulary Brahmanism Brahmans Sacred songs The Vedas Hymns Caste System Reincarnation Hinduism

3 Roll a Response Directions: Group randomly draws dice dots in the boxes. Chunk the ppt and onesheet, reading aloud with your group. Fill out onesheet until the lights go out. When lights go out, 12:00 person rolls the dice. Whole group discusses or does what was rolled. Present: Be ready to share and learn from each group. When lights go on, continue chunking and reading. Compare an event from this lesson to something that s happened in another civilization. Retell what has happened so far. Describe the most important people in this lesson with 3 good details. Summarize the latest chunk into your words. Quick draw a significant event from this lesson. Provide evidence for one of the success criteria.

4 Brahmanism Remember? Aryans were not a race or ethnic group. They were part of a language family-group of similar languages. They had lived in central Asia, but migrated to India c BC. Nomads 1. Expert horse riders that herded their cattle and sheep 2. Cattle was wealth 3. Brought religious beliefs, new farming techniques, new social structure (hierarchy), and a new language

5 Sum it Up Mixed with people from India Aryans were Polytheistic Lived in tribes Tribes led by raja or prince Early religion was called Brahmanism, but the religion would change because they would question how the world began and how it works. Had no written language Brahmans/priests developed a written language called Sanskrit. Brahmans wrote down their sacred stories of their gods into The Vedas Gave people a way to record sales, trade, land ownership, poems, hymns, stories, prayers

6 Brahmanism Changes into Hinduism Harappans, meanwhile, learned ancient Aryan songs about how the world works. These songs, believed to be holy, were passed down by oral tradition. Around 600 B.C. the sacred songs were finally collected. The books containing them were called the Vedas, or Books of Knowledge. The Vedas The Vedas were the first building blocks of Hinduism. They told Hindus how they should live, and explained life. The oldest Veda has more than 1,000 hymns (songs). It says that the world is run by many gods and goddesses. Which Hindu goddess does the above hymn praise? What are her twinkling eyes? Song from the Rig Veda, first written down in about 1000 B.C. Goddess Night, with all her twinkling eyes, To different points in splendor she comes. Immortal, she broods over the high and low; The Goddess, with her faze, lightens the dark. In her trail, her sister Dawn follows, And with her the darkness vanishes The villagers, all that files and walks Are closed in their homes. Even vultures ignore their prey. O Night, fence off the wolf and its mate; Fence off the thief. Be easy for us to pass. Bright, she has come near me, the darkness subdued With light s promise. Dawn, cancel darkness.

7 Aryans brought this new system of social hierarchy India is divided into four social classes called varnas or castes People were members of the caste into which they were born Brahmins-priests Kshatriyas-warriors Vaisyas-commoners Sudra-manual workers

8 Hinduism and Culture

9 Gods The Caste System People remain in caste for life Untouchables Lowest level of society They did work that Indians would not do Collecting trash Skinning animals Carrying dead bodies The Vedas explain the castes

10 Untouchables click for video~ 4 mins

11 Reincarnation Explain how this image represents reincarnation.

12 6.1 Aryan Invasion Essential Question: How does religion shape society? Standard 6.24 and 6.25 Success Criteria: 1. The caste system emerged, or began, in India under which group of people? 2. Which is true about the Aryan invasion? a. They bring religious beliefs b. They bring new farming techniques c. They bring a new language d. They bring a social hierarchy 3. Label the castes 4. What was their religion first called? What is it called today?

13 Back of Aryan Invasion Onesheet Importance of Duty Essential Question: How does religion shape society? Standard 6.24 and 6.25 Success Criteria: 1. What does dharma mean? In what sacred text is one s dharma described? 2. Describe a law/duty of each caste of society. (Brahmans, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, Sudras, Untouchables) 3. The Bhagavad Gita, another important Hindu book, describes the roles of specific Hindu deities. A. Which god is the one universal spirit and Creator (not goddess)? B. Which god is the Destroyer?

14 Vocab Dharma Bhagavad Gita Vishnu Shiva Devi Brahman

15 Importance of Duty धर म तस र द धर मत पर न स य अथ अबल य न बल य सर श सत धर ण यथ र ज ञ वर य व स धर म स य व तत तस र स य वदन तर ह र धर वदत तत धर व वदन त स य वदत य एतद ध य व तद भय भवतत Dharma Nothing is higher than Dharma. The weak overcomes the stronger by Dharma, as over a king. Truly that Dharma is the Truth (Satya); Therefore, when a man speaks the Truth, they say, "He speaks the Dharma"; and if he speaks Dharma, they say, "He speaks the Truth!" For both are one. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, 1.4.xiv

16 Many Paths to Truth Bhagavad Gita another important Hindu book, describes the roles of deities Brahman - Creator god and Universal Spirit Devi Mother of All Creation Vishnu god of All Shiva god of Time and Destruction

17 Back of Aryan Invasion Onesheet Importance of Duty Essential Question: How does religion shape society? Standard 6.24 and 6.25 Success Criteria: 1. What does dharma mean? In what sacred text is one s dharma described? 2. Describe a law/duty of each caste of society. (Brahmans, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, Sudras, Untouchables) 3. The Bhagavad Gita, another important Hindu book, describes the roles of specific Hindu deities. A. Which god is the one universal spirit and Creator (not goddess)? B. Which god is the Destroyer?

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